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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538831/effects-of-laryngeal-manual-therapy-lmt-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-in-vocal-folds-diadochokinesis-of-dysphonic-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Larissa Thaís Donalonso Siqueira, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto, Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus Guirro, Christiano Giácomo Carneiro, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To verify and compare the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and laryngeal manual therapy (LMT) on laryngeal diadochokinesis (DDK) of dysphonic women. Methods: Twenty women with bilateral vocal nodules participated and were equally divided into: LMT Group - LMT application; TENS Group - TENS application; both groups received 12 sessions of treatment, twice a week, with a duration of 20 minutes each, applied by the same therapist...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538826/functional-change-in-the-pattern-of-swallowing-through-the-performance-of-orofacial-exercises
#2
Irina Claudia Fernandes Alves, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Purpose: The objective was to determine if there was functional improvement of swallowing pattern in subjects identified with risk of oropharyngeal dysphagia after four weeks of specific oropharyngeal exercises. These exercises have pre-determined intensity and duration. Methods: It is a longitudinal study of functional effect, determined by initial and final comparative measures. Participants were adults and elderly, selected in a period of 24 months. A total of 68 participants were included...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538673/breast-cancer-exploring-the-facts-and-holistic-needs-during-and-beyond-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Zhi Xuan Ng, Mei Shan Ong, Tamilarasi Jegadeesan, Shuo Deng, Celestial T Yap
Breast cancer patients face challenges throughout the journey of diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and recovery. The breast cancer patient is exposed to a multidisciplinary team including doctors, nurses, therapists, counselors, and psychologists. While the team assembled together aims to address multiple facets in breast cancer care, the sub-specialized nature of individual professional practices may constrain the overview of patients' holistic needs and a comprehensive approach to cancer management. This paper aims to provide an overview of the holistic needs of breast cancer patients at each stage of their cancer journey, addressing their complex physical, psychological, and social needs...
May 24, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538445/a-national-survey-on-the-use-of-immersive-simulation-for-interprofessional-education-in-physical-therapist-education-programs
#4
Brad Stockert, Patricia J Ohtake
INTRODUCTION: There is growing recognition that collaborative practice among healthcare professionals is associated with improved patient outcomes and enhanced team functioning, but development of collaborative practitioners requires interprofessional education (IPE). Immersive simulation, a clinically relevant experience that deeply engages the learner in realistic clinical environments, is used increasingly for IPE. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of immersive simulation as a strategy for IPE in physical therapist (PT) education programs...
May 20, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537819/movement-control-tests-for-the-lumbopelvic-complex-are-these-tests-reliable-and-valid
#5
Hannah Granström, Björn O Äng, Eva Rasmussen-Barr
This study evaluated inter- and intra-observer reliability and discriminative validity of three movement control tests: 1) standing knee-lift test; 2) static lunge test; and 3) dynamic lunge test. Thirty-eight subjects, 21 with low-back pain and 17 healthy, were video-recorded while performing the tests. Four physical therapists scored the tests according to a standardized protocol and calculated a composite score for each test based on the number of incorrect test components. Inter-observer reliability for the composite scores ranged between 0...
May 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534689/parent-experiences-of-variations-in-service-delivery-of-rapid-syllable-transition-rest-treatment-for-childhood-apraxia-of-speech
#6
Donna C Thomas, Patricia McCabe, Kirrie J Ballard, Geraldine Bricker-Katz
PURPOSE: To understand parents' perceptions of Rapid Syllable Transition (ReST) treatment and their experience of either telehealth or combined parent-clinician delivery of speech-language pathology. METHOD: Thematic analyses of semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 parents (5 telehealth, 5 parent-clinician) after their child completed 12 sessions of ReST treatment. RESULTS: Three themes were unique to telehealth: "telehealth was a million times easier," "technical problems weren't deal breakers," and "telehealth therapy has different boundaries...
May 23, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533058/music-therapy-for-symptom-management-after-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-a-randomized-study
#7
Debbie Bates, Brian Bolwell, Navneet S Majhail, Lisa Rybicki, Melissa Yurch, Donna Abounader, Joseph Kohuth, Shannon Jarancik, Heather Koniarczyk, Linda McLellan, Jane Dabney, Christine Lawrence, Lisa Gallagher, Matt Kalaycio, Ronald Sobecks, Robert Dean, Brian Hill, Brad Pohlman, Betty K Hamilton, Aaron T Gerds, Deepa Jagadeesh, Hien D Liu
High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) is frequently performed in patients with hematologic malignancies. ASCT can result in significant nausea, pain, and discomfort. Supportive care has improved and pharmacologic therapies are frequently employed, but with limitations. Music has been demonstrated to improve nausea and pain in patients undergoing chemotherapy but few data are available regarding the effects of music therapy in the transplant setting. In a prospective study, patients with lymphoma or multiple myeloma undergoing ASCT were randomized to receive either interactive music therapy (MT) with a board-certified music therapist or no music therapy (No MT)...
May 19, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532889/effect-of-self-myofascial-release-on-myofascial-pain-muscle-flexibility-and-strength-a-narrative-review
#8
Leonid Kalichman, Chen Ben David
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques have been employed to treat myofascial pain syndrome. Self-myofascial release (SMFR) is a relatively new technique of soft tissue mobilization. The simplicity and portability of the SMFR tools allow it to be easily implemented in any type of fitness or rehabilitation program. It is an active method and can be used by anyone at home or at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: To review the current methods of SMFR, their mechanisms, and efficacy in treating myofascial pain, improving muscle flexibility and strength...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532881/preliminary-evidence-of-regional-interdependent-inhibition-using-a-diaphragm-release-to-specifically-induce-an-immediate-hypoalgesic-effect-in-the-cervical-spine
#9
Calum A McCoss, Ross Johnston, Darren J Edwards, Charles Millward
In clinical practice, Osteopaths and Manual Therapists commonly direct treatment towards the diaphragm by the use of a 'Diaphragm Release'. Currently, there is paucity within the literature to support the use of this technique, specifically in pain outcomes. This research aims to support a neurophysiological mechanism based upon the osteopathic principle "The body is a unit". Demonstrating that directing treatment to distal tissue which is neurologically related can reduce pain in the originating spinal segments...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532259/ethnic-differences-in-response-to-directive-vs-non-directive-brief-intervention-for-subsyndromal-depression
#10
David Pan, Stanley J Huey, Lara H Heflin
OBJECTIVE: Analog research suggests that directive interventions might increase treatment engagement for non-symptomatic Asian American (AA) students; however, no studies have assessed whether directiveness improves therapy processes or clinical outcomes for AAs with mental health symptoms. This study tested the comparative efficacy of brief directive vs. non-directive intervention for AAs and European Americans (EAs) with subsyndromal depression. METHOD: Participants were randomly assigned directive, non-directive, or cultural values interview conditions, and assessed three times over six months...
May 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530413/inverting-the-power-dynamic-the-process-of-first-sessions-of-psychotherapy-with-therapists-of-color-and-non-latino-white-patients
#11
Lia Okun, Doris F Chang, Gregory Kanhai, Jordan Dunn, Hailey Easley
The present study is the first to apply Trawalter, Richeson, and Shelton's (2009) stress and coping framework to qualitatively examine interracial interactions in initial sessions of psychotherapy. The sample included 22 dyads: 15 therapists of color administering various treatment modalities to 15 treatment-seeking non-Latino White (NLW) patients and a comparison group of 7 intraracial (NLW-NLW) dyads. In Phase 1, videorecordings of the first session of treatment were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis (TA) to describe patient and therapist behaviors...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528592/client-perceptions-of-helpfulness-in-therapy-a-novel-video-rating-methodology-for-examining-process-variables-at-brief-intervals-during-a-single-session
#12
Alexandra A Cocklin, Warren Mansell, Richard Emsley, Phil McEvoy, Chloe Preston, Jody Comiskey, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: The value of clients' reports of their experiences in therapy is widely recognized, yet quantitative methodology has rarely been used to measure clients' self-reported perceptions of what is helpful over a single session. AIMS: A video-rating method using was developed to gather data at brief intervals using process measures of client perceived experience and standardized measures of working alliance (Session Rating Scale; SRS). Data were collected over the course of a single video-recorded session of cognitive therapy (Method of Levels Therapy; Carey, 2006; Mansell et al...
May 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526672/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-e-mental-health-interventions-to-treat-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#14
Sara Simblett, Jennifer Birch, Faith Matcham, Lidia Yaguez, Robin Morris
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder characterized by unwanted intrusive re-experiencing of an acutely distressing, often life-threatening, event, combined with symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and feelings. Evidence-based psychological interventions have been developed to treat these symptoms and reduce distress, the majority of which were designed to be delivered face-to-face with trained therapists. However, new developments in the use of technology to supplement and extend health care have led to the creation of e-Mental Health interventions...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524732/investigating-the-needs-and-wants-of-healthcare-providers-for-promoting-exercise-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study
#15
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Julia M Balto, Chung-Yi Chiu, Isabel M Molina-Guzman, Marcia Finlayson, Elizabeth A Barstow, Robert W Motl
PURPOSE: We undertook a qualitative study that explored the needs of healthcare providers for promoting exercise behaviour among persons with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We used interpretive description methodology, and conducted semi-structured interviews with Neurologists (n = 13), occupational therapists (n = 10), physical therapists (n = 11), and nurses (n = 10). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: We identified three themes with multiple subthemes regarding exercise promotion by healthcare providers...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523673/the-function-of-language-in-parent-infant-psychotherapy
#16
Björn Salomonsson
Parent-infant psychotherapy, a rather new field in psychoanalysis, raises questions of how to conceptualize the clinical process. Previous publications have used semiotic concepts to account for the therapist's non-verbal communication and investigated the countertransference, including what the baby might grasp of its variations. The present paper focuses on another argument for using verbal interventions to a baby in therapy; they present him with a symbolic order that differs from that of the parent. The qualitative difference between the parent's and the analyst's address is conceptualized by Dolto's term parler vrai...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522183/operating-environment-for-awake-brain-surgery-choice-of-tests
#17
REVIEW
M Wager, P Rigoard, C Bouyer, V Baudiffier, V Stal, B Bataille, R Gil, F Du Boisgueheneuc
INTRODUCTION: The indication for awake brain surgery depends on a prerequisite, i.e. recognition that the brain area concerned is truly eloquent, and identification of one or more functions that must be preserved. These functions are determined preoperatively in collaboration with the patient, and neuropsychological tests considered to be the most relevant are performed in the operating room according to each team's technical preferences. OPERATING ENVIRONMENT: The neurosurgeon must choose transfer equipment considered to be relevant...
May 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521961/placebo-effect-and-therapeutic-context-a-challenge-in-clinical-research
#18
REVIEW
Antoni Morral, Gerard Urrutia, Xavier Bonfill
When we apply a physical or pharmacological treatment, there are many things that may explain the clinical improvement experienced by a patient. The drugs or physical agents applied are important, but we must also add other elements in the context of the patient-therapist relationship. Scientific evidence has proven that the placebo effect exists. This is a true biopsychosocial phenomenon produced by the context in which an intervention is carried out. Biases aside, placebo and nocebo responses are changes in patients' symptoms, due to their participation at the therapeutic meeting, with its rituals, symbols and interactions...
May 15, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517951/treatment-as-usual-therapy-targets-for-comorbid-youth-disproportionately-focus-on-externalizing-problems
#19
Matthew Milette-Winfree, Charles W Mueller
This study examined whether psychological treatment for youth with comorbid externalizing and internalizing disorders targets externalizing rather than internalizing pathology. Therapist-reported treatment targets for youth (N = 679) with (a) only internalizing diagnoses (n = 195); (b) only externalizing diagnoses (n = 314); (c) a primary internalizing diagnosis and at least 1 additional externalizing diagnosis (n = 75); and (d) a primary externalizing diagnosis and at least 1 additional internalizing diagnosis (n = 95) receiving treatment-as-usual in a public mental health system of care were examined...
May 18, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515983/a-conceptual-model-for-physical-therapists-treating-athletes-with-protracted-recovery-following-a-concussion
#20
Mark Lundblad
Sports-related concussions are receiving growing attention in healthcare. Most concussions resolve spontaneously with little or no treatment, but twenty percent of concussions take longer than three weeks to resolve. In some cases, symptoms can last for five years following a traumatic brain injury. Physical Therapists have unique skills that can assist patients experiencing protracted recovery. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to describe a new conceptual model that provides a framework for Physical Therapy management of patients with protracted recovery following a sports-related concussion...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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