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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911160/first-case-control-study-of-zoonotic-brucellosis-in-gafsa-district-southwest-tunisia
#1
Médiha Khamassi Khbou, Samaher Htira, Kaouther Harabech, M'hammed Benzarti
A case-control study was conducted, aimed to describe the clinical human brucellosis (CHB) pattern during 2015 in the Gafsa region (Southwest Tunisia) and to investigate the main risk factors involved in the disease occurrence. One hundred and four CHB cases were notified in 2015 in Gafsa district. All CHB cases that own ruminants were contacted, but only 32 accepted to participate in a matched case-control study. Thirty-two and thirty-one CHB cases and controls, respectively, were included in the study. The subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
June 2018: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910225/effect-of-intramammary-lipopolysaccharide-infusion-on-milk-ph-of-uninfused-udder-in-goat
#2
Yasunori Shinozuka, Kazuhiro Kawai, Reiichiro Sato, Akito Higashitani, Daisaku Ueno, Miki Okita, Naoki Isobe
The change in milk composition in response to intramammary infusion of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated. Four clinically healthy goats were infused with LPS (100 µg) by intramammary administration to the left udder. Clinical manifestations (rectal temperature and physical activity), selected blood parameters (pH and white blood cell count) and milk compositions (somatic cell count and pH) were evaluated at 0 hr (just before challenge) and at multiple time points over the first 24 hr post-challenge...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909793/early-weaning-and-high-feeding-level-in-post-weaning-period-did-not-impact-milk-production-in-alpine-dairy-goats
#3
Clémence Panzuti, Gaëlle Mandrile, Christine Duvaux-Ponter, Frédéric Dessauge
The experiment reported in this Research Communication aimed to determine the combined effects of early weaning and post-weaning feeding level on growth, reproductive parameters and milk yield in Alpine goats. Sixty-four Alpine goat kids were weaned abruptly at either 12·2 (±1·40) kg (40 d of age, E) or 17·7 (±2·30) kg (60 d of age, No). After weaning, E and No goats were subjected to 2 feeding strategies (n = 16): ad libitum concentrate until 130 d of age and then 620 g DM/d/goat until 200 d of age (EC and NoC) or ad libitum concentrate until 200 d of age (EAL and NoAL)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906217/toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-bulk-tank-milk-samples-of-caprine-dairy-herds
#4
Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Katia Stradiotto, Emanuela Olivieri, Luca Villa, Maria Teresa Manfredi
A major public health issue, Toxoplasma gondii infection can affect humans mainly via the consumption of animal products from certain species, including small ruminants. Therefore, a regular monitoring of the infection in ovine and caprine populations is advisable for the control of human and animal toxoplasmosis. Antibody detection in individual and bulk tank milk may represent a valid alternative to serological analysis, being its collection easy and not affecting animal welfare. Many serological tools for milk analysis have already been validated for several parasites, including Apicomplexa...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905945/effect-of-goat-and-cow-milk-ratios-on-the-physicochemical-rheological-and-sensory-properties-of-a-fresh-panela-cheese
#5
Carolina Ramírez-López, Jorge Fernando Vélez-Ruiz
Fresh cheeses, Panela type, were manufactured from cow milk and with goat milk incorporation, constituting 4 blends of milks (G10:C90, G20:C80, G30:C70, G40:C60, v/v). The cheeses were analyzed to determine the effect of the different goat milk ratios on the physicochemical, textural, rheological, and sensory properties over 15 d of storage. Significant differences in protein (14.6% to 18.5%), fat (13.0% to 19.4%), and moisture contents (51.7% to 61.3%), pH (6.38 to 6.67), color (Lh  > 64.4, ah  > 1...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891150/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-among-goat-farms-in-eastern-province-saudi-arabia-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#6
Wael El-Deeb, Mahmoud Fayez, Ahmed Elmoslemany, Mahmoud Kandeel, Kamal Zidan
A cross sectional study was conducted on 1010 goats from 25 flocks located in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia, to study the prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among goat farms. A total of 235 milk samples and 775 nasal swabs were collected for bacteriological investigation. Based on resistance to cefoxitin, 20 isolates were permissively identified as MRSA. PCR with specific primers was used to confirm MRSA. The prevalence of MRSA was 2%; with maximum prevalence in mastitic milk (9...
August 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887505/foodborne-pathogens-in-unpasteurized-milk-in-sweden
#7
Karin Artursson, Jenny Schelin, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Ingrid Hansson, Eva Olsson Engvall
Raw milk may be a risk for public health if it is contaminated with zoonotic pathogens. To study the prevalence in unpasteurized milk from Swedish farms, bovine and small ruminant dairy farms were sampled. Since the sampling method and transport conditions may influence the outcome of analyses, efforts were made to optimize the methodology. Culturing of bacteria was done from in-line milk filters collected from the milk pipe at the point where it enters the milk bulk tank at the farms and this way of sampling was compared to sampling bulk tank milk (BTM) directly...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885893/diets-supplemented-with-starch-and-corn-oil-marine-algae-or-hydrogenated-palm-oil-differentially-modulate-milk-fat-secretion-and-composition-in-cows-and-goats-a-comparative-study
#8
H Fougère, C Delavaud, L Bernard
A direct comparative study of dairy cows and goats was performed to characterize the animal performance and milk fatty acid (FA) responses to 2 types of diets that induce milk fat depression in cows as well as a diet that increases milk fat content in cows but for which the effects in goats are either absent or unknown. Twelve Holstein cows and 12 Alpine goats, all multiparous, nonpregnant, and at 86 ± 24.9 and 61 ± 1.8 DIM, respectively, were allocated to 1 of 4 groups and fed diets containing no additional lipid (CTL) or diets supplemented with corn oil [5% dry matter intake (DMI)] and wheat starch (COS), marine algae powder (MAP; 1...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884380/effect-of-processing-variables-on-the-physico-chemical-characteristics-and-aroma-of-bor%C3%A5-a-traditional-beverage-derived-from-wheat-bran
#9
Antonella Pasqualone, Carmine Summo, Barbara Laddomada, Elena Mudura, Teodora Emilia Coldea
Borş is a traditional Romanian beverage obtained by naturally fermenting an aqueous suspension of wheat bran and corn flour, used as flavoring enhancer in local gastronomy since ancient times, and more recently consumed as refreshing drink. To investigate the changes in sensory, physico-chemical, phenolic and aroma composition resulted after two successive fermentations, borș samples were subjected to standard, sensory, HPLC and GC/MS analysis. Total phenolic compounds and ferulic acid, the most abundant phenolic compound, were positively influenced by natural starter addition, increase of fermentation temperature, and thermal treatment, whereas the effect on less abundant phenolic acids was not univocal...
November 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876371/data-on-genome-sequencing-analysis-and-annotation-of-a-pathogenic-bacillus-cereus-062011msu
#10
Rashmi Rathy, Sayan Paul, Vasanthakumar Ponesakki, Paulkumar Kanniah, Suriya Prabha Muthu, Arun Arumugaperumal, Emmanuel Joshua Jebasingh Sathiya Balasingh Thangapandi, Subburathinam Balakrishnan, Rajendhran Jeyaprakash, Sudhakar Sivasubramaniam
Bacillus species 062011 msu is a harmful pathogenic strain responsible for causing abscessation in sheep and goat population studied by Mariappan et al. (2012) [1]. The organism specifically targets the female sheep and goat population and results in the reduction of milk and meat production. In the present study, we have performed the whole genome sequencing of the pathogenic isolate using the Ion Torrent sequencing platform and generated 458,944 raw reads with an average length of 198.2 bp. The genome sequence was assembled, annotated and analysed for the genetic islands, metabolic pathways, orthologous groups, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes associated with the pathogen...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872815/fermented-goat-milk-consumption-improves-iron-status-and-evokes-inflammatory-signalling-during-anemia-recovery
#11
Inmaculada López-Aliaga, José D García-Pedro, Jorge Moreno-Fernandez, Mª José M Alférez, Magdalena López-Frías, Javier Díaz-Castro
In spite of the crucial role of the inflammatory state under anemic conditions, to date, no studies have directly tested the modulation of cytokines during iron overload. The aim of this work was to contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiology and recovery from iron deficiency, by studying how fermented goat milk consumption affects inflammatory signalling during iron repletion. Eighty male Wistar rats were used for a pre-experimental period of 40 days, by dividing them into two groups (the control group receiving a normal-Fe diet and the Fe-deficient group receiving a low-Fe diet)...
June 6, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871734/lactoferrin-prevents-susceptibility-of-wehi-231-cells-to-anti-ig-induced-cell-death-promoting-cell-differentiation
#12
E Zaczyńska, I Kochanowska, M Kruzel, M Zimecki
Immature B cells are susceptible to apoptosis due to ligation of surface immunoglobulin receptors. The WEHI 231 cell line represents a useful model to study the mode of action of factors preventing apoptosis. In this work we investigated the protective effects of multi-species lactoferrins in anti-mouse Ig-induced WEHI 231 cell death. Bovine milk-derived lactoferrin (bLF), recombinant human lactoferrin expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells - rhLF(CHO) or in human endothelial kidney cells - rhLF(HEK), and recombinant mouse lactoferrin expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells - rmLF(CHO), were used...
2018: Folia Biologica (Praha)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867999/consumption-of-goats-milk-protects-mice-from-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-hepatic-injury-and-improves-the-associated-gut-microbiota-imbalance
#13
Jiachao Zhang, Zhaoxia Wang, Dongxue Huo, Yuyu Shao
Drugs used to treat liver diseases have serious side effects; it is important to search for safe functional foods with hepatoprotective functions and few side effects. In this study, potential hepatoprotective effects of goats' milk and cows' milk on mice with CCl4 -induced acute hepatic injury were evaluated. We also elucidated the role of goats' and cows' milk on the regulation of CCl4 -induced gut microbiota imbalance. In mice with liver damage induced by CCl4 , administration of goats' milk for 7 days prior to injection of CCl4 had beneficial effects on the indicators of liver damage within 1 day: the area of liver necrosis was small; activity of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) and expression of the genes CYP2E1 and TNF- α were lower than that of model group of mice...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864495/a-novel-indel-within-goat-casein-alpha-s1-gene-is-significantly-associated-with-litter-size
#14
Ke Wang, Hailong Yan, Han Xu, Qing Yang, Sihuan Zhang, Chuanying Pan, Hong Chen, Haijing Zhu, Jinwang Liu, Lei Qu, Xianyong Lan
The ruminant casein gene family (CSNs, link as CSN1S1-CSN2-CSN1S2-CSN3) is characterized by diverse variations and has been extensively studied for ruminant milk traits, however, studies on insertion/deletion (indel) mutations within this gene family and their effects on prolificacy are extremely limited. This study aimed to detect possible novel indels within CSNs in an indigenous Chinese goat breed-Shaanbei White Cashmere goat (SBWC, n = 3047) and four other Chinese goat breeds (n = 1136) with varied litter size rates (105%-283%) and different estrus types (seasonal vs...
June 1, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860962/feeding-corn-grain-steeped-in-citric-acid-modulates-rumen-fermentation-and-inflammatory-responses-in-dairy-goats
#15
Y Z Shen, L Y Ding, L M Chen, J H Xu, R Zhao, W Z Yang, H R Wang, M Z Wang
Cereal grains treated with organic acids were proved to increase ruminal resistant starch and can relieve the risk of ruminal acidosis. However, previous study mainly focussed on acid-treated barley, the effects of organic acid-treated corn is still unknown. The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether feeding ground corn steeped in citric acid (CA) would affect ruminal pH and fermentation patterns, milk production and innate immunity responses in dairy goats. Eight ruminally cannulated Saanen dairy goats were used in a crossover designed experiment...
June 4, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859690/invited-review-current-production-trends-farm-structures-and-economics-of-the-dairy-sheep-and-goat-sectors
#16
G Pulina, M J Milán, M P Lavín, A Theodoridis, E Morin, J Capote, D L Thomas, A H D Francesconi, G Caja
Dairy small ruminants account for approximately 21% of all sheep and goats in the world, produce around 3.5% of the world's milk, and are mainly located in subtropical-temperate areas of Asia, Europe, and Africa. Dairy sheep are concentrated around the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, where their dairy products are typical ingredients of the human diet. Dairy goats are concentrated in low-income, food-deficit countries of the Indian subcontinent, where their products are a key food source, but are also present in high-income, technologically developed countries...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857472/characterization-of-goat-milk-hydrolyzed-by-cell-envelope-proteinases-from-lactobacillus-plantarum-lp69-proteolytic-system-optimization-bioactivity-and-storage-stability-evaluation
#17
Guowei Shu, Jie Huang, Li Chen, Ni Lei, He Chen
Despite the widespread application of lactic acid bacterium in dairy production through its contribution to acidification, development of sensorial properties, and health-promoting effects, relatively little information is available on the cell envelope proteinases (CEPs) of Lactobacillus plantarum , especially on the proteolytic system and the production of bioactivity peptides. In this study, CEPs from a novel L. plantarum LP69 were involved in goat milk hydrolysis and generated a product with high activity that showed a degree of hydrolysis of 15...
May 31, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852381/green-and-simple-analytical-method-to-determine-benzimidazoles-in-milk-samples-by-using-salting-out-assisted-liquid-liquid-extraction-and-capillary-liquid-chromatography
#18
Carmen Tejada-Casado, Monsalud Del Olmo-Iruela, Ana M García-Campaña, Francisco J Lara
A green and simple multiresidue method using capillary liquid chromatography (CLC) with UV-diode array detection (DAD) has been developed for the determination of sixteen benzimidazoles (BZs) and its metabolites in milk samples. The separation was achieved in <32 min, using a Zorbax XDB-C18 column (150 mm × 0.5 mm I.D, 5 μm), with a mobile phase consisting of 50 mM ammonium acetate (solvent A) and a mixture of acetonitrile/methanol (1:1 v/v) (solvent B), at a flow rate of 9 μL min-1 ...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846631/rapid-communication-lipid-metabolic-gene-expression-and-triacylglycerol-accumulation-in-goat-mammary-epithelial-cells-are-decreased-by-inhibition-of-srebp-1
#19
Huifen Xu, Jun Luo, Huibin Tian, Jun Li, Xueying Zhang, Zhi Chen, Ming Li, Juan J Loor
In mammals, sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) is the master regulator of fatty acid and triacylglycerol synthesis. Recent gene silencing studies in mammary cells indicate that SREBP-1 has a central role in milk fat synthesis. However, SREBP-1 knockdown studies in goat mammary cells have not been performed; hence, its direct role in controlling mRNA expression of lipid metabolism genes and triacylglycerol synthesis remains unknown. Inhibition of SREBP-1 in goat mammary epithelial cells (GMEC) by small interference RNA (siRNA) markedly reduced the content of cellular triacylglycerol (~50% decrease, P < 0...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806118/molecular-detection-isolation-and-characterization-of-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-from-goat-milk-from-outbreaks-in-bangladesh-and-its-implication-for-eradication-strategy
#20
Brian Donald Clarke, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam, Mohammad Abu Yusuf, Mana Mahapatra, Satya Parida
Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious transboundary viral disease of small ruminants, which is endemic in much of Africa, the Middle East and Asia. In South Asia, PPR is of significant concern to the Indian subcontinent including Bangladesh as more than 30% of the world's sheep and goats are farmed in this region, predominantly by small, poor and marginal farmers. PPR virus was detected and isolated from goat milk from field samples from PPR outbreaks (2012-2015) in Bangladesh and its full-length sequences obtained...
May 28, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
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