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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429912/growth-patterns-during-the-first-12-months-of-life-post-hoc-analysis-for-south-australian-aboriginal-and-caucasian-infants-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-formula-feeding
#1
Karen Hawke, Jennie Louise, Carmel Collins, Shao J Zhou, Alex Brown, Robert Gibson, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare growth characteristics of Aboriginal and Caucasian formula-fed in-fants in the first 12 months of life. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We conducted post-hoc data analysis of infants who were part of a previous randomised controlled trial comparing infants randomly assigned to cow or goat milk-based infant formulae. Weight, height, and body composition were assessed at serial time points between study entry (~1-2 weeks of age) and 12 months...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426942/polychlorinated-biphenyl-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-profiles-in-serum-from-cattle-sheep-and-goats-across-california
#2
S Sethi, X Chen, P H Kass, B Puschner
It has been previously been shown by our lab and others that persistent organic pollutants, such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), are contaminants in milk produced for human consumption. To further this research we determined the concentration of 21 PCB and 14 PBDE congeners in livestock serum, mainly bovine, across California. Congeners were extracted from serum using solid phase extraction (SPE), cleaned up by silica cartridge and quantified using gas chromatography-triple quadruple mass spectrometry...
April 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403908/permissiveness-of-bovine-epithelial-cells-from-lung-intestine-placenta-and-udder-for-infection-with-coxiella-burnetii
#3
Katharina Sobotta, Katharina Bonkowski, Elisabeth Liebler-Tenorio, Pierre Germon, Pascal Rainard, Nina Hambruch, Christiane Pfarrer, Ilse D Jacobsen, Christian Menge
Ruminants are the main source of human infections with the obligate intracellular bacterium Coxiella (C.) burnetii. Infected animals shed high numbers of C. burnetii by milk, feces, and birth products. In goats, shedding by the latter route coincides with C. burnetii replication in epithelial (trophoblast) cells of the placenta, which led us to hypothesize that epithelial cells are generally implicated in replication and shedding of C. burnetii. We therefore aimed at analyzing the interactions of C. burnetii with epithelial cells of the bovine host (1) at the entry site (lung epithelium) which govern host immune responses and (2) in epithelial cells of gut, udder and placenta decisive for the quantity of pathogen excretion...
April 12, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393862/characterization-of-chiral-amino-acids-from-different-milk-origins-using-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry
#4
He Tian, Nan Zheng, Songli Li, Yangdong Zhang, Shengguo Zhao, Fang Wen, Jiaqi Wang
Milk contains free amino acids (AAs) that play essential roles in maintaining the growth and health of infants, and D-AA isomers are increasingly being recognized as important signalling molecules. However, there are no studies of the different characteristics of chiral AA (C-AA) from different milk origins. Here, UPLC coupled to ion-mobility high-resolution MS (IM-HRMS) was employed to characterize 18 pairs of C-AAs in human, cow, yak, buffalo, goat, and camel milk. The results proved that milk origins can be differentiated based on the D- to L- AA ratio-based projection scores by principal component analysis...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393747/relationship-of-goat-milk-flow-emission-variables-with-milking-routine-milking-parameters-milking-machine-characteristics-and-goat-physiology
#5
G Romero, R Panzalis, P Ruegg
The aim of this paper was to study the relationship between milk flow emission variables recorded during milking of dairy goats with variables related to milking routine, goat physiology, milking parameters and milking machine characteristics, to determine the variables affecting milking performance and help the goat industry pinpoint farm and milking practices that improve milking performance. In total, 19 farms were visited once during the evening milking. Milking parameters (vacuum level (VL), pulsation ratio and pulsation rate, vacuum drop), milk emission flow variables (milking time, milk yield, maximum milk flow (MMF), average milk flow (AVMF), time until 500 g/min milk flow is established (TS500)), doe characteristics of 8 to 10 goats/farm (breed, days in milk and parity), milking practices (overmilking, overstripping, pre-lag time) and milking machine characteristics (line height, presence of claw) were recorded on every farm...
April 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389465/acquired-brucella-bacteraemia-in-a-young-infant
#6
Ambar Bhatnagar, Daisy Khera, Kuldeep Singh, Anuradha Sharma
An infant aged 6 weeks presented with failure to thrive since birth, fever and lethargy for 4 days. The child was fed on unpasteurised diluted goat's milk after birth. She was diagnosed to have brucellosis both by blood culture and serology. Her mother's Brucella serology was negative. She was successfully treated with injection amikacin and tablet rifampicin and had satisfactory weight gain thereafter. Acquired brucellosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of failure to thrive in young infants...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379960/gc-ms-and-proteomics-to-unravel-the-painting-history-of-the-lost-giant-buddhas-of-b%C3%A4-miy%C3%A4-n-afghanistan
#7
Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Roberto Vinciguerra, Eugenio Galano, Catharina Blaensdorf, Erwin Emmerling, Maria Perla Colombini, Leila Birolo, Ilaria Bonaduce
A chemical investigation of the organic paint binders of the Giant Buddhas of Bāmiyān was performed using an analytical approach based on mass spectrometry, combining traditional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry protocols with advanced proteomics methodologies. The research was carried out on a selection of rescued fragments. The data revealed the use of egg proteins as the paint binders of the original layers, in accordance with the traditional use of this proteinaceous medium in antiquity, spanning from the Mediterranean basin to the Far East, and already in the Bronze Age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372257/dna-based-approach-for-species-identification-of-goat-milk-products
#8
Angela Di Pinto, Valentina Terio, Patrizia Marchetti, Marilisa Bottaro, Anna Mottola, Giancarlo Bozzo, Elisabetta Bonerba, Edmondo Ceci, Giuseppina Tantillo
Considering that mislabeled milk products have been widely reported throughout the world and that the authentication of food components is one of the key issues in food safety and quality, the aim of this study was to use DNA-based methods to investigate the prevalence of mislabeling among goat-milk products and, consequently, how far the ingredients matched the labels. The study reveals a high degree of species mislabeling in milk products (80%), underlining the need to enhance dairy traceability practices, so as to guarantee product authenticity, and provide reliable information to consumers...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367773/influence-of-pumpkin-seed-cake-and-extruded-linseed-on-milk-production-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-alpine-goats
#9
Z Klir, J M Castro-Montoya, J Novoselec, J Molkentin, M Domacinovic, B Mioc, U Dickhoefer, Z Antunovic
The aim was to determine the effect of substituting pumpkin seed cake (PSC) or extruded linseed (ELS) for soya bean meal in goats' diets on milk yield, milk composition and fatty acids profile of milk fat. In total, 28 dairy goats were divided into three groups. They were fed with concentrate mixtures containing soya bean meal (Control; n=9), ELS (n=10) or PSC (n=9) as main protein sources in the trial lasting 75 days. Addition of ELS or PSC did not influence milk yield and milk gross composition in contrast to fatty acid profile compared with Control...
April 3, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364833/peripartum-dynamics-of-coxiella-burnetii-infections-in-intensively-managed-dairy-goats-associated-with-a-q-fever-outbreak-in-australia
#10
Michael Muleme, John Stenos, Gemma Vincent, Colin R Wilks, Joanne M Devlin, Angus Campbell, Alexander Cameron, Mark A Stevenson, Stephen Graves, Simon M Firestone
Coxiella burnetii may cause reproduction disorders in pregnant animals but subclinical infection in other animals. Unrecognised disease may delay implementation of control interventions, resulting in transmission of infection to other livestock and to humans. Seroreactivity to C. burnetii phase-specific antigens, is routinely used to interpret the course of human Q fever. This approach could be similarly useful in identifying new and existing infections in livestock herds to help describe risk factors or production losses associated with the infections and the implementation of disease-control interventions...
April 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359206/influence-of-vegetable-coagulant-and-ripening-time-on-the-lipolytic-and-sensory-profile-of-cheeses-made-with-raw-goat-milk-from-canary-breeds
#11
Arturo A Rincón, Verónica Pino, María R Fresno, Ana I Jiménez-Abizanda, Sergio Álvarez, Juan H Ayala, Ana M Afonso
Free fatty acids and sensory profiles were obtained for cheeses made with raw goat milk and vegetable coagulant, derived from the cardoon flower ( Cynara cardunculus), at different ripening times (7 and 20 days). A solid-liquid phase extraction method followed by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography was used. Profiles were also obtained with cheeses made with commercial coagulant, traditional kid rennet paste, and mixture coagulant (vegetable coagulant-kid rennet). The use of vegetable coagulant and vegetable coagulant-kid rennet is common in traditional Protected Designation of Origin cheeses such as " Queso Flor de Guía" and " Queso Media Flor de Guía" (Spain)...
April 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353080/serological-culture-and-molecular-survey-of-mycobacterium-avium-paratuberculosis-in-a-goat-flock-in-tuscany
#12
Alessia Galiero, Barbara Turchi, Francesca Pedonese, Roberta Nuvoloni, Carlo Cantile, Giuseppe Colombani, Mario Forzan, Domenico Cerri, Patrizia Bandecchi, Filippo Fratini
Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (Map) is a pathogen which causes a chronic progressive granulomatous enteritis known as paratuberculosis or Johne's disease and it primarily affects wild and domestic ruminants. The aim of this research was to examine a flock which consisted of 294 goats and was located in Garfagnana district (Tuscany, Italy) performing ELISA tests, culture and IS900 PCR assay; direct diagnostic methods were carried out not only on bulk tank milk and cheese samples but also on individual milk and tissue specimens collected from nine subjects positive to ELISA tests...
March 28, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342612/can-by-products-replace-conventional-ingredients-in-concentrate-of-dairy-goat-diet
#13
M Romero-Huelva, M A Ramírez-Fenosa, R Planelles-González, P García-Casado, E Molina-Alcaide
Intensive dairy goat production in the Mediterranean basin is based on imported conventional ingredients to be included in concentrates. Fourteen Murciano-Granadina goats in the middle of the third lactation were allocated into 2 groups of 7 animals each fed, respectively, a control diet based on alfalfa hay and concentrate in a 40:60 ratio, and a diet in which the concentrate included tomato fruits, citrus pulp, brewer's grain and brewer's yeast (T100CBY) to study the effect of diet on nutrient utilization, ruminal fermentation, purine derivatives excretion in urine, milk yield and composition, and methane emissions...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336692/sharing-expertise-on-all-aspects-of-small-ruminant-dairying
#14
(no author information available yet)
Delegates from across the UK, Europe and the USA gathered in Bristol last month to hear world leaders in the field of small ruminant dairy medicine and production discuss matters such as milk quality, disease control and feeding at the second annual Dairy Sheep and Goat Conference. Anthony Wilkinson, one of the conference organisers, gives a flavour of proceedings.
March 25, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321408/novel-sequential-screening-and-enhanced-production-of-fibrinolytic-enzyme-by-bacillus-sp-ind12-using-response-surface-methodology-in-solid-state-fermentation
#15
Ponnuswamy Vijayaraghavan, P Rajendran, Samuel Gnana Prakash Vincent, Arumugaperumal Arun, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Oh Young Kwon, Young Ock Kim
Fibrinolytic enzymes have wide applications in clinical and waste treatment. Bacterial isolates were screened for fibrinolytic enzyme producing ability by skimmed milk agar plate using bromocresol green dye, fibrin plate method, zymography analysis, and goat blood clot lysis. After these sequential screenings, Bacillus sp. IND12 was selected for fibrinolytic enzyme production. Bacillus sp. IND12 effectively used cow dung for its growth and enzyme production (687 ± 6.5 U/g substrate). Further, the optimum bioprocess parameters were found out for maximum fibrinolytic enzyme production using cow dung as a low cost substrate under solid-state fermentation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318592/caprine-and-ovine-greek-dairy-products-the-official-german-method-generates-false-positive-results-due-to-%C3%AE%C2%BA-casein-gene-polymorphism
#16
V Tsartsianidou, D Triantafillidou, N Karaiskou, P Tarantili, G Triantafillidis, E Georgakis, A Triantafyllidis
Caseins are widely used for species identification of dairy products. Isoelectric focusing (IEF) of para-κ-casein peptide is used as the official German method for the differentiation between caprine (isoform A) and ovine (isoform B) dairy products, based on their different isoelectric points. The discrimination between Greek goat and ewe dairy products using IEF has, however, been shown to be problematic because of the existence of the ewe isoform in milk from Greek indigenous dairy goats. This could be due to nucleotide polymorphisms within the goat κ-casein gene of Greek indigenous breeds, which alter the isoelectric point of the para-κ-casein peptide and lead to false positive results...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317598/corrigendum-to-proteomics-method-to-quantify-the-percentage-of-cow-goat-and-sheep-milks-in-raw-materials-for-dairy-products-j-dairy-sci-99-9483-9492
#17
Q Chen, X Ke, J S Zhang, S Y Lai, F Fang, W M Mo, Y P Ren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306690/combined-megaloblastic-and-sideroblastic-anemia-in-an-infant-fed-with-goat-s-milk
#18
Ananya Datta-Mitra, Elham Vali-Betts, Ralph Green, Hooman Rashidi, Jong Hee Chung, Denis M Dwyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306241/development-of-chemical-isotope-labeling-lc-ms-for-milk-metabolomics-comprehensive-and-quantitative-profiling-of-the-amine-phenol-submetabolome
#19
Dorothea Mung, Liang Li
Milk is a complex sample containing a variety of proteins, lipids, and metabolites. Studying the milk metabolome represents an important application of metabolomics in the general area of nutritional research. However, comprehensive and quantitative analysis of milk metabolites is a challenging task due to the wide range of variations in chemical/physical properties and concentrations of these metabolites. We report an analytical workflow for in-depth profiling of the milk metabolome based on chemical isotope labeling (CIL) and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) with a focus of using dansylation labeling to target the amine/phenol submetabolome...
March 28, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295702/effect-of-steroid-hormones-on-the-innate-immune-response-induced-by-staphylococcus-aureus-in-the-goat-mammary-gland
#20
K Kuwahara, Y Yoshimura, N Isobe
The objective of this study was to compare the dynamics of innate immune components after intramammary infusion of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) under conditions of high oestrogen and high progesterone in goats. In one group ("E-group"), controlled internal drug release (CIDR) devices were inserted intravaginally from days -11 to -4. Prostaglandin F2α was administered immediately after removal of the CIDR device at day -3, and then oestradiol benzoate (E) was injected intramuscularly once a day from days -2 to 3...
March 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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