keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgery, oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931046/clinical-relevance-of-histologic-subtypes-in-locally-advanced-esophageal-carcinoma-treated-with-pre-operative-chemoradiotherapy-experience-of-a-monographic-oncologic-centre
#1
Maria Saigí, Marc Oliva, Luisa Aliste, Mariona Calvo, Gloria Hormigo, Òlbia Serra, Anna Boladeras, Leandre Farran, Javier Robles, Gloria Creus, Ma José Paúles, Joan B Gornals, Eugenia de Lama, Josep Ma Borràs, Núria Sala, Maica Galán
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced esophageal carcinoma (LAEC) represents less than 30% of all diagnosed esophageal carcinoma worldwide. The standard of care for resectable tumours consists of preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery. Despite the curative intent, the prognosis is still poor mainly due to relapse. A multidisciplinary approach is required in order to optimize the therapeutic strategy and follow-up. Differences in outcomes between the two main histological subtypes, adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), have been reported...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930803/safety-of-fertility-sparing-surgery-for-premenopausal-women-with-sex-cord-stromal-tumors-confined-to-the-ovary
#2
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Melissa K Frey, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Steven S Witkin, Kevin Holcomb
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective population-based study was to investigate the oncologic safety of fertility-sparing surgery (FSS) for premenopausal women with malignant sex cord-stromal tumors (SCSTs) confined to the ovary. METHODS: A cohort of women aged 18 to 49 years and diagnosed with a stage I malignant SCST between 1984 and 2013 was drawn from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Based on site-specific surgery codes, women who had FSS, defined as unilateral oophorectomy/tumor resection without hysterectomy, and definite surgery were identified...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930222/add-on-complementary-medicine-in-cancer-care-evidence-in-literature-and-experiences-of-integration
#3
REVIEW
Elio Rossi, Mariella Di Stefano, Fabio Firenzuoli, Maria Valeria Monechi, Sonia Baccetti
Background: According to the literature an increasing number of cancer patients demand for complementary therapies during their disease. Research has demonstrated that some of these therapies are effective and safe as adjunctive treatments in specific symptoms of these patients. Methods: The aims of the paper are to review the main and recent papers of international literature on the effectiveness of complementary medicine (CM) therapies on side effects of anti-cancer protocols and improvement in the quality of life of oncological patients, and to describe the integration of evidence-based acupuncture, herbal medicine and homeopathy treatments in Public Cancer Network of the region of Tuscany...
January 24, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929779/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-prognostic-factors
#4
Javier A Cienfuegos, Fernando Rotellar, Miguel Ruiz-Canela
We thank Modesto Varas et al. for their opportune comments with regard to the oncologic outcomes of our series of patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNET). We agree with Varas et al. in relation to the increase in non-functional tumors (73%) and the incidental form of presentation (44%). These figures are in line with those presented in most series.
September 18, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928820/management-of-supratentorial-recurrent-low-grade-glioma-a-multidisciplinary-experience-in-35-adult-patients
#5
Julien Spitaels, Daniel Devriendt, Niloufar Sadeghi, Sylvie Luce, Olivier De Witte, Serge Goldman, Christian Mélot, Florence Lefranc
The management of recurrent diffuse low-grade gliomas (LGGs) is controversial. In the present study, the multidisciplinary management of 35 patients with recurrent LGGs was retrospectively analyzed. Tumor progression or recurrence was defined by clinical, radiological and/or metabolic pejorative evolution. All patients were regularly followed up by a multidisciplinary neuro-oncological group at Hôpital Erasme. Patients with histologically confirmed supratentorial LGGs (7 astrocytoma, 22 oligodendrogliomas and 6 oligoastrocytomas) who had undergone surgery between August 2004 and November 2010 were included...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928331/outcomes-according-to-body-mass-index-following-laparoscopic-surgery-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
Han Deok Kwak, Jae Kyun Ju, Dong Woo Kang, Se-Jin Baek, Jung Myun Kwak, Jin Kim, Seon-Hahn Kim
PURPOSE: Body mass index (BMI) may not be appropriate for different populations. Therefore, the World Health Organization (WHO) suggested 25 kg/m2 as a measure of obesity for Asian populations. The purpose of this report was to compare the oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic colorectal resection with BMI classified from the WHO Asia-Pacific perspective. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients underwent laparoscopic colorectal resection from September 2006 to March 2015 at a tertiary referral hospital...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927783/surgical-resection-of-locally-recurrent-renal-cell-carcinoma-after-nephrectomy-oncological-outcome-and-predictors-of-survival
#7
Roman Herout, Johannes Graff, Angelika Borkowetz, Stefan Zastrow, Steffen Leike, Rainer Koch, Desiree-Louise Draeger, Chris Protzel, Oliver W Hakenberg, Manfred P Wirth, Michael Froehner
OBJECTIVE: To describe the course of disease of patients surgically treated for locally recurrent renal cell carcinoma (LRRCC) after nephrectomy and to identify potential predictive factors for long-term survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We, retrospectively, identified 54 patients who underwent surgical resection of LRRCC after open nephrectomy for localized kidney cancer. The median age at time of surgery for LRRCC was 65 years. Survival rates were determined with the Kaplan-Meier method...
September 15, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927746/-proposal-of-screening-for-diffuse-low-grade-gliomas-in-the-population-from-20-to-40years
#8
Emmanuel Mandonnet, Luc Taillandier, Hugues Duffau
Diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGG) are cerebral tumors occurring in young adults, with an inescapable progression to higher grade of malignancy, resulting in functional impairment and death. DLGG evolve in several phases: an asymptomatic period despite a slow radiological growth; a period in which inaugural symptoms occur, usually epilepsy with possible mild cognitive disorders; then a phase with malignant transformation generating disabling neurological deficits; and ultimately the terminal stage. Early maximal surgical resection significantly increases overall survival while preserving quality of life...
September 15, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927743/does-a-mandibular-access-osteotomy-improve-survival-in-pt2-oral-tongue-cancers-retrospective-study-at-a-single-institution
#9
H S Ong, S Gokavarapu, Z Tian, J Li, W Cao, C P Zhang
The surgical approach to the resection of oral tongue cancers can involve transoral resection (TOR) or a temporary mandibulotomy access (TMA). There are no relevant guidelines, and the oncological safety of TOR needs consideration. The objective of this study was to investigate TMA and TOR in pT2 oral tongue cancer surgery with regard to cancer outcomes. Demographic, surgical, and histology data from primary pT2 tongue cancers were recorded and evaluated through multivariate Cox regression for local recurrence (LR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS)...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926891/-advances-in-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-gastrointestinal-cancer
#10
X R Zhu, L Z Zheng
Currently, immunotherapy is considered as the fourth major modality of cancer treatment except surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The new therapeutic approach based on immune checkpoint inhibitors is a landmark innovation. Strategies considering checkpoint inhibitors have shown good anti-tumor effect by targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Moreover, DNA mismatch repair-deficient tumors appear to be potential candidates for these therapies...
September 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925783/laparoscopic-assisted-resection-for-advanced-colorectal-cancer-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#11
Ze-Nan Xia, Rui Hou, Wei Zhu, Ru Yao, Zhao Lu, Hui-Zhong Qiu, Guo-Le Lin
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility, short- and long-term outcomes, and safety of laparoscopic resection for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) in solid organ transplant recipients. METHODS: Between September 2001 and April 2016, five patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted resection for CRC after solid organ transplantation were included in this study. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed with regard to patient demographics, immunosuppressive therapy, tumor characteristics, surgical outcomes, and follow-up data...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#12
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924962/the-impact-of-tumour-distance-from-the-anal-verge-on-clinical-management-and-outcomes-in-patients-having-a-curative-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#13
Muhammad Amir Saeed Khan, Chin W Ang, Abdul Rahman Hakeem, Nigel Scott, Rick Nigel Saunders, Ian Botterill
AIM: The clinico-oncological significance of the distance of rectal cancer from the anal verge is unclear and not well reported. The aim of this study is to assess the influence of the rectal cancer distance from the anal verge on clinical management and long-term outcomes after curative resection in a specialised colorectal cancer unit. METHODS: Prospectively collected data on patients who underwent primary rectal cancer treatment at our unit between January 2005 and December 2010 were analysed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923410/extended-case-duration-and-hypotension-are-associated-with-higher-grade-postoperative-complications-after-urinary-diversion-for-non-oncological-disease
#14
Y Santiago-Lastra, Michael R Mathis, Elizabeth Andraska, Aleda L Thompson, Bahaa S Malaeb, Anne P Cameron, J Quentin Clemens, John T Stoffel
OBJECTIVE: To report survival for patients who undergo urinary diversion for benign indications and to identify risk factors for morbidity at 90 days. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of consecutive urinary diversions with or without cystectomy for non-oncological indications at a single institution. The indication for diversion was intractable incontinence, upper tract deterioration, urinary fistula, and unmanageable bladder pain. Patients were categorized according to their most severe complication within 90 days of surgery, using the Clavien-Dindo system...
September 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923225/randomized-clinical-trials-in-colon-and-rectal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Atif Iqbal, Thomas J George
Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for colon and rectal cancers. Colon cancer outcomes have improved with laparoscopic techniques, enhanced recovery pathways, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Adjuvant 5-fluorouracil with or without oxaliplatin in stage III and possibly high-risk stage II colon cancer is associated with improved survival. Multimodality management of rectal cancer continues to evolve; total mesorectal excision is the cornerstone. Oncologic results do not support the use of laparoscopic resection in rectal cancer...
October 2017: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923055/clinical-outcome-of-laparoscopic-complete-mesocolic-excision-in-the-treatment-of-right-colon-cancer
#16
Yong Wang, Chuan Zhang, Dongsheng Zhang, Zan Fu, Yueming Sun
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcome of complete mesocolic excision (CME) with a caudal-to-cranial medial approach in the treatment of right colon cancer. METHODS: The clinical data of 172 patients who underwent laparoscopic CME for right colon cancer and were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2010 to April 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in relation to gender, age, history of abdominal surgery, tumor size, complications, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier survival curves...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922687/comparison-of-perioperative-renal-and-oncologic-outcomes-in-robotic-assisted-versus-open-partial-nephrectomy
#17
Jo-Lynn Tan, Mark Frydenberg, Jeremy Grummet, Uri Hanegbi, Ross Snow, Sarah Mann, Kirobel Begashaw, Daniel Moon
BACKGROUND: To compare perioperative, renal and oncological outcomes after robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) versus open partial nephrectomy (OPN) for the treatment of renal tumours. METHODS: All partial nephrectomies performed at a Metropolitan Urology Centre between 2010 and 2016 were analysed. Baseline data was collected for patient demographics, tumour characteristics (tumour size, laterality and polarity, RENAL scores), and perioperative variables (e...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922322/-vectra-3d-imaging-for-quantitative-volumetric-analysis-of-the-upper-limb-a-feasibility-study-for-tracking-outcomes-of-lymphedema-treatment
#18
Mark J Landau, Jennifer S Kim, Daniel J Gould, Ketan M Patel
BACKGROUND: Secondary lymphedema of the upper limb is a common sequela following lymphadenectomy during oncologic surgery. The gold standard for evaluating treatment outcomes in upper limb lymphedema is limb volume measurement. However, current techniques lack sensitivity to localized changes. In this study, the Vectra 3D imaging system was utilized to accurately and precisely obtain volume measurements of the upper limb in patients with lymphedema. METHODS: A feasibility study was performed in 11 patients with lymphedema and 22 upper extremities; 24 arms were evaluated in total...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921938/prostate-cancer-treatment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Giancarlo Marra, Ettore Dalmasso, Marco Angello, Stefania Munegato, Andrea Bosio, Omidreza Sedigh, Luigi Biancone, Paolo Gontero
BACKGROUND: The majority of kidney transplants are performed in recipients (RTR) over 50; simultaneously their life expectancy is improving. The increasing age and number of RTR is likely to be paralleled by an increase of prostate cancer (PCa) incidence. However, little is known on the optimal management of these patients who represent a therapeutic challenge due to medical and anatomical graft-related issues. METHODS: AMED, Medline and Embase were searched until November 17(th) , 2016 adhering to the PRISMA guidelines and the AMSTAR checklist to investigate oncological and functional outcomes of PCa treatment in RTR...
September 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919321/clinicopathological-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-south-egypt-cancer-institute-experience
#20
Amany Ali, Heba Sayed, Mohamed Salem, Mohamed Hamdy, Amro Farok
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare and represent 1-1.5% of all cancers in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern at presentation and management and outcome of MOGCTs in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study included all girls diagnosed with MOGCTs between January 2005 and January 2015 in Pediatric and Surgical Oncology Departments at South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
25363
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"