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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792532/the-moderating-influence-of-disorder-on-coached-overreporting-using-the-mmpi-2-rf
#1
Ariane M Olsen, Carlo O C Veltri
Overreporting has always been a concern within psychological evaluations. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008/2011 ) contains validity scales designed for detecting noncredible responses. In this study, 270 undergraduates were instructed to feign either schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); some participants were coached on symptoms and validity scales. Results at both the individual protocol and mean validity scale score levels suggest that each feigned disorder moderates the effectiveness of coaching on validity scale detection...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792240/posttraumatic-stress-depression-and-coping-following-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-a-study-on-adolescents
#2
Asmita Sharma, Nilamadhab Kar
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to gather data on posttraumatic stress and depression in adolescents following the 2015 Nepal earthquake and explore the adolescents' coping strategies. METHODS: In a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study about 1 year after the earthquake, adolescents in two districts with different degrees of impact were evaluated for disaster experience, coping strategies, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression measured with the Child Posttraumatic Stress Scale and the Depression Self Rating Scale...
May 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792077/symptoms-of-ptsd-in-frontline-journalists-a-retrospective-examination-of-18-years-of-war-and-conflict
#3
Anthony Feinstein, Jonas Osmann, Viral Patel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to determine the frequency and severity of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in journalists covering conflict. METHODS: PTSD data (Impact of Event Scale-Revised) collected over an 18-year period from 684 conflict journalists were analyzed retrospectively for frequency and severity of reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal symptoms. Conflicts covered were civil wars in the Balkans ( n = 140 journalists), 9/11 attack in New York City ( n = 46), Iraq war ( n = 84), Mexico drug wars ( n = 104), civil war in Syria ( n = 59), Kenya election violence/Al-Shabab terror ( n = 57), state-sanctioned media intimidation in Iran ( n = 114), and the current migration crisis in Europe ( n = 80)...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791872/gene-expression-in-cord-blood-links-genetic-risk-for-neurodevelopmental-disorders-with-maternal-psychological-distress-and-adverse-childhood-outcomes
#4
Michael S Breen, Aliza P Wingo, Nastassja Koen, Kirsten A Donald, Mark Nicol, Heather J Zar, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dan J Stein
Prenatal exposure to maternal stress and depression has been identified as a risk factor for adverse behavioral and neurodevelopmental outcomes in early childhood. However, the molecular mechanisms through which maternal psychopathology shapes offspring development remain poorly understood. We applied transcriptome-wide screens to 149 umbilical cord blood samples from neonates born to mothers with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n=20), depression (n=31) and PTSD with comorbid depression (n=13), compared to carefully matched trauma exposed controls (n=23) and healthy mothers (n=62)...
May 20, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791273/survivorship-care-needs-among-lgbt-cancer-survivors
#5
Julia Seay, Darryl Mitteldorf, Alena Yankie, William F Pirl, Erin Kobetz, Matthew Schlumbrecht
OBJECTIVE: To better understand survivorship care needs among LGBT cancer survivors. DESIGN: We administered an anonymous online survey. SAMPLE: LGBT cancer survivors living in the United States. METHODS: Participants were recruited via the National LGBT Cancer Project. The survey measured sociodemographic characteristics, social support, posttraumatic stress, and survivorship care needs. RESULTS: Approximately 72% of our 114 participants were cisgender male and 87% were white...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790026/pathogenetic-role-of-the-stress-induced-release-of-glucocorticoid-hormones-in-the-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-experimental-study
#6
M Y Zenko, K A Baranova, E A Rybnikova
In the rat experimental model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the level of blood corticosterone was at least eight-fold increased (an overrelease). The use of hypobaric hypoxic preconditioning or short-term inhibition of glucocorticoid synthesis by metyrapone injection prevented development of the experimental PTSD.
March 2018: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789141/patterns-of-peritraumatic-threat-perceptions-in-patients-evaluated-for-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome-according-to-prior-and-current-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#7
Deanna R Zhu, Jacob Julian, Sung J A Lee, Anusorn Thanataveerat, Jennifer A Sumner
OBJECTIVE: Prior posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and elevated threat perceptions predict posttraumatic psychopathology after evaluation for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but most research has measured threat retrospectively. We investigated how threat perceptions during ACS evaluation in the emergency department (ED) and upon recall were associated with posttraumatic psychopathology burden due to prior trauma and the suspected ACS. METHODS: Perceived threat was assessed in the ED, and ED threat recall was assessed upon inpatient transfer/discharge, along with acute stress disorder (ASD) symptoms due to suspected ACS and PTSD symptoms due to prior trauma...
May 9, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789017/leveraging-routine-clinical-materials-and-mobile-technology-to-assess-cbt-fidelity-the-innovative-methods-to-assess-psychotherapy-practices-imapp-study
#8
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A Creed, Cassidy A Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos, Heidi La Bash
BACKGROUND: Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are often labor intensive, and less burdensome strategies may not reflect actual clinical practice. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) provide clinicians with a set of effective core elements to help treat a multitude of disorders, which, evidence suggests, need to be delivered with fidelity to maximize potential client impact...
May 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787532/does-screening-and-a-randomized-brief-intervention-at-a-level-1-trauma-center-impact-acute-stress-reactions-to-prevent-later-development-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Stacey Stevens Manser, Katherine Houck, Mark D Kramer, Irene A Tabas, Carlos V R Brown, Ben Coopwood
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20-40% of trauma survivors experience posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma report that early screening and referral has the potential to improve outcomes and that further study of screening and intervention for PTSD would be beneficial. This prospective randomized study screened hospitalized patients for traumatic stress reactions and assessed the effect of a brief intervention in reducing later development of PTSD...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787469/changes-in-blood-pressure-following-the-2016-united-states-presidential-election-analyses-in-response-to-edmondson-et-al-s-the-association-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-clinic-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-healthy-adults
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#11
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786514/psychotherapy-for-ptsd-an-evidence-based-guide-to-a-theranostic-approach-to-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Jessica R M Goodnight, Katie A Ragsdale, Sheila A M Rauch, Barbara O Rothbaum
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often a clinically complex disorder, frequently presenting with comorbid clinical conditions. Individuals with PTSD may also present with high-risk symptoms such as substance misuse and suicidal ideation. The clinical complexity of PTSD has precluded some clinicians from providing gold-standard trauma-focused treatment due to concern of iatrogenic effects. However, evidence to date suggests that trauma-focused treatments are safe and effective for PTSD even when higher-risk comorbidity presents...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786116/is-childbirth-induced-ptsd-associated-with-low-maternal-attachment
#13
Sharon Dekel, Freya Thiel, Gabriella Dishy, Alyssa L Ashenfarb
Few studies examined maternal attachment in childbirth-related postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PP-PTSD). We studied 685 postpartum women, assessing for PP-PTSD, non-childbirth PTSD, maternal attachment, pre-birth, birth, and post-birth factors. Attachment was lower in PP-PTSD than in non-childbirth PTSD and no PP-PTSD. Hierarchical regression showed that PP-PTSD predicted less maternal attachment above and beyond pre-birth psychiatric conditions, acute distress in birth, and lack of breastfeeding...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785065/relation-between-coping-and-posttrauma-cognitions-on-ptsd-in-a-combat-trauma-population
#14
Christina M Sheerin, Nadia Chowdhury, Mackenzie J Lind, Erin D Kurtz, Lance M Rappaport, Erin C Berenz, Ruth C Brown, Treven Pickett, Scott D McDonald, Carla Kmett Danielson, Ananda B Amstadter
Individual differences in cognitive processes and coping behaviors play a role in the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Given the large numbers of combat-exposed service members returning from the Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND) conflicts, exploring individual differences in cognitive-affective processes is important for informing our understanding of PTSD etiology and early intervention in military samples. The present study examined the unique main and interactive effects of negative posttrauma cognitions (i...
2018: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783079/altered-neural-encoding-of-prediction-errors-in-assault-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Marisa C Ross, Jennifer K Lenow, Clinton D Kilts, Josh M Cisler
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is widely associated with deficits in extinguishing learned fear responses, which relies on mechanisms of reinforcement learning (e.g., updating expectations based on prediction errors). However, the degree to which PTSD is associated with impairments in general reinforcement learning (i.e., outside of the context of fear stimuli) remains poorly understood. Here, we investigate brain and behavioral differences in general reinforcement learning between adult women with and without a current diagnosis of PTSD...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783077/effects-of-prolonged-exposure-and-virtual-reality-exposure-on-suicidal-ideation-in-active-duty-soldiers-an-examination-of-potential-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Aaron M Norr, Derek J Smolenski, Greg M Reger
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the effects of exposure therapy on suicidal ideation (SI), as well as potential mechanistic pathways of SI reduction among active duty military personnel. METHODS: Active duty army soldiers (N = 162) were recruited from a military base in the U.S. and were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial comparing Prolonged Exposure (PE), Virtual Reality Exposure (VRE), and a wait-list control for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) stemming from deployments to Iraq or Afghanistan...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782478/the-therapeutic-relationship-enhancing-referrals
#17
Mary Kathleen Coyle
PURPOSE: This article focuses on the ways rehabilitation nurses use the therapeutic relationship to lessen barriers some veterans experience when a referral to mental health treatment is recommended. DESIGN: Veterans presenting with posttraumatic stress symptoms are discussed, and possible interventions within the therapeutic relationship are proposed. METHOD: Veterans' perception of mental health stigma, building a collaborative therapeutic relationship, recommending a referral and assessments of stress responses, posttraumatic stress symptoms, suicide risk, and intervention strategies are proposed...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781946/co-occurrence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-cardiovascular-disease-among-ethnic-racial-groups-in-the-united-states
#18
Carmen Vidal, Ruth Polo, Kiara Alvarez, Irene Falgas-Bague, Ye Wang, Benjamin Lê Cook, Margarita Alegría
OBJECTIVE: Trauma and/or symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been linked to the onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the exact mechanism has not been determined. We examine if the risk of CVD is different among those who have a history of trauma without PTSD symptoms, those who have experienced trauma and developed any symptoms of PTSD, and those with a PTSD diagnosis. Furthermore, we examine whether this association varies across ethnic/racial groups. METHODS: We used two datasets that form part of the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES) - the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS) and the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)...
May 17, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781889/using-a-clinician-administered-interview-to-examine-the-overlap-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-criteria-d-and-e
#19
C Laurel Franklin, Amanda M Raines, Jessica L Walton, Jessica L Chambliss, Kelly P Maieritsch
Although the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often criticized for including symptoms that overlap with one another, only one study has explored the impact of symptom reporting. Using a clinician-rated interview for PTSD (N = 558), the current study examined overlap between PTSD criteria D1, D2, and D3 ("target D symptoms") and criterion E symptoms of similar content (i.e., E1 and E3). Furthermore, their impact on meeting criterion and disorder cutoffs was examined. Results revealed that target symptoms were endorsed in conjunction more than half the time...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781888/neurophysiological-response-to-olfactory-stimuli-in-combat-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Jeffrey S Bedwell, Corey J Bohil, Mark B Neider, Michael A Gramlich, Sandra M Neer, John P OʼDonnell, Deborah C Beidel
There is a need for a better understanding of underlying pathology in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to develop more effective treatments. The late positive potential (LPP) amplitude from electroencephalogram has been used to assess individual differences in emotional reactivity. There is evidence that olfaction is particularly important in emotional processing in PTSD. The current study examined LPP amplitudes in response to olfactory stimuli in 24 combat veterans with PTSD and 24 nonmilitary/non-PTSD controls...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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