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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346159/using-actigraphy-feedback-to-improve-sleep-in-soldiers-an-exploratory-trial
#1
Amy B Adler, Brian C Gunia, Paul D Bliese, Paul Y Kim, Matthew L LoPresti
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the impact of wearing an actigraph and receiving personalized feedback on the sleep of a high-risk occupational group: United States soldiers recently returned from a combat deployment. DESIGN: Following a baseline survey with a full sample, a subsample of soldiers wore an actigraph, received feedback, and completed a brief survey. Two months later, the full sample completed a follow-up survey. The actigraph intervention involved wearing an actigraph for 3 weeks and then receiving a personalized report about sleep patterns and an algorithm-based estimate of cognitive functioning derived from individual sleep patterns...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346121/can-memories-of-traumatic-experiences-or-addiction-be-erased-or-modified-a-critical-review-of-research-on-the-disruption-of-memory-reconsolidation-and-its-applications
#2
Michael Treanor, Lily A Brown, Jesse Rissman, Michelle G Craske
Recent research suggests that the mere act of retrieving a memory can temporarily make that memory vulnerable to disruption. This process of "reconsolidation" will typically restabilize the neural representation of the memory and foster its long-term storage. However, the process of reconsolidating the memory takes time to complete, and during this limited time window, the original memory may be modified either by the presentation of new information or with pharmacological agents. Such findings have prompted rising interest in using disruption during reconsolidation as a clinical intervention for anxiety, posttraumatic stress, and substance use disorders...
March 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345176/eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-child-and-an-adolescent-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability-a-multiple-baseline-across-subjects-study
#3
Liesbeth Mevissen, Robert Didden, Hubert Korzilius, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: This study explored the effectiveness of eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in persons with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) using a multiple baseline across subjects design. METHODS: One child and one adolescent with MBID, who met diagnostic criteria for PTSD according to a PTSD clinical interview (i.e., ADIS-C PTSD section), adapted and validated for this target group, were offered four sessions of EMDR...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343246/sex-differences-and-predictors-of-changes-in-body-weight-and-noncommunicable-diseases-in-a-random-newly-arrived-group-of-refugees-followed-for-two-years
#4
K-L Catherine Jen, Hikmet Jamil, Kequan Zhou, Karen Breejen, Bengt B Arnet
We have reported that none of the psychological/mental variables examined predicted the increase in BMI and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Iraqi refugees after 1 year resettlement in Michigan. We continuously followed the same cohort of refugees for 2 years (Y2 FU) to further determine the gender difference in predicting of increased BMI and NCDs. Only 20% of the BMI variability could be accounted for by the factors examined. Number of dependent children and depression were positively and stress negatively associated with BMI in male refugees but not in females...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342139/exploring-the-link-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-inflammation-related-medical-conditions-an-epidemiological-examination
#5
Jack Tsai, Jianxun Shen
There have been few epidemiological studies exploring the link between PTSD and inflammation using population-based samples. This study examined the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and inflammation-related medical conditions using data from the 2013-2014 New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Using a representative sample of 1,527 residents in New York City, the association between PTSD and 17 inflammation-related medical conditions were examined. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted, adjusting for demographic characteristics and lifetime depression...
March 25, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342071/estimating-psychological-networks-and-their-accuracy-a-tutorial-paper
#6
Sacha Epskamp, Denny Borsboom, Eiko I Fried
The usage of psychological networks that conceptualize behavior as a complex interplay of psychological and other components has gained increasing popularity in various research fields. While prior publications have tackled the topics of estimating and interpreting such networks, little work has been conducted to check how accurate (i.e., prone to sampling variation) networks are estimated, and how stable (i.e., interpretation remains similar with less observations) inferences from the network structure (such as centrality indices) are...
March 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341942/integrating-nimh-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-into-ptsd-research
#7
Ulrike Schmidt, Eric Vermetten
Three and a half decades of research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has produced substantial knowledge on the pathobiology of this frequent and debilitating disease. However, despite all research efforts, so far no drug that has specifically targeted PTSD core symptoms progressed to clinical use. Instead, although not overly efficient, serotonin re-uptake inhibitors continue to be considered the gold standard of PTSD pharmacotherapy. The psychotherapeutic treatment and symptom-oriented drug therapy options available for PTSD treatment today show some efficacy, although not in all PTSD patients, in particular not in a substantial percent of those suffering from the detrimental sequelae of repeated childhood trauma or in veterans with combat related PTSD...
March 25, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340906/veterans-treatment-courts-a-case-study-of-their-efficacy-for-veterans-needs
#8
John W Erickson
Veterans Treatment Courts (VTCs) were created to: (1) address issues unique to U.S. Military Veterans; and, (2) where possible, avoid punishing veterans for crimes that may have been committed as a direct result of their mental conditions (e.g., Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and/or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)). Little research has been undertaken to ascertain whether VTCs are accomplishing their intended goals. To that end, the present case study examined three operating VTCs in order to determine if they are meeting their objectives...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340168/young-children-s-acute-stress-after-a-burn-injury-disentangling-the-role-of-injury-severity-and-parental-acute-stress
#9
Ann-Christin Haag, Markus A Landolt
 Although injury severity and parental stress are strong predictors of posttraumatic adjustment in young children after burns, little is known about the interplay of these variables. This study aimed at clarifying mediation processes between injury severity and mother's, father's, and young child's acute stress.   Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between injury severity and parental and child acute stress. Parents of 138 burn-injured children (ages 1-4 years) completed standardized questionnaires on average 19 days postinjury...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339575/histaminergic-neurotransmission-as-a-gateway-for-the-cognitive-effect-of-oleoylethanolamide-in-contextual-fear-conditioning
#10
Gustavo Provensi, Roberta Fabbri, Leonardo Munari, Alessia Costa, Elisabetta Baldi, Corrado Bucherelli, Patrizio Blandina, Maria Beatrice Passani
Background: The integrity of the brain histaminergic system is necessary for the unfolding of homeostatic and cognitive processes through the recruitment of alternative circuits with distinct temporal patterns. We recently demonstrated that the fat-sensing lipid mediator oleoylethanolamide indirectly activates histaminergic neurons to exerts its hypophagic effects. The present experiments investigated whether histaminergic neurotransmission is necessary also for the modulation of emotional memory induced by oleoylethanolamide in a contextual fear conditioning paradigm...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336055/shamanic-healing-for-vterans-with-ptsd-a-case-series
#11
Helané Wahbeh, Lauri Shainsky, Angela Weaver, Jan Engels-Smith
CONTEXT: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious health concern. Current evidence-based treatments for PTSD are efficacious; however, they are not appropriate or tolerated by everyone who needs them. Alternative treatment approaches are needed. Shamanic healing is one such therapy that may potentially be beneficial but no systematic research has been conducted on it for PTSD. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of the case series are to (1) develop a structured replicable shamanic treatment plan for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); (2) collect preliminary data on PTSD-related outcomes, and (3) explore the feasibility and potential for adverse events of the plan...
February 24, 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#12
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333611/transcendental-meditation-and-reduced-trauma-symptoms-in-female-inmates-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Sanford Nidich, Angela Seng, Blaze Compton, Tom O'connor, John W Salerno, Randi Nidich
CONTEXT: Compared with the general population, trauma experiences are higher among incarcerated women. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of Transcendental Meditation (TM) on trauma symptoms in female offenders. DESIGN: Twenty-two inmates at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Wilsonville, OR, with at least 4 months left of incarceration were enrolled in this randomized controlled pilot study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the TM group (n = 11) or a wait-list control group (n = 11)...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333604/patient-preferences-for-discussing-childhood-trauma-in-primary-care
#14
Ellen Goldstein, Ninad Athale, Andrés F Sciolla, Sheryl L Catz
CONTEXT: Exposure to traumatic events is common in primary care patients, yet health care professionals may be hesitant to assess and address the impact of childhood trauma in their patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess patient preferences for discussing traumatic experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with clinicians in underserved, predominantly Latino primary care patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: We evaluated patients with a questionnaire assessing comfort to discuss trauma exposure and symptoms using the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study questionnaire and the Primary Care-PTSD screen...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333525/a-potential-psychological-mechanism-linking-disaster-related-prenatal-maternal-stress-with-child-cognitive-and-motor-development-at-16-months-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#15
Katrina M Moss, Gabrielle Simcock, Vanessa Cobham, Sue Kildea, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Suzanne King
Fetal exposure to prenatal maternal stress can have lifelong consequences, with different types of maternal stress associated with different areas of child development. Fewer studies have focused on motor skills, even though they are strongly predictive of later development across a range of domains. Research on mechanisms of transmission has identified biological cascades of stress reactions, yet links between psychological stress reactions are rarely studied. This study investigates the relationship between different aspects of disaster-related prenatal maternal stress and child cognitive and motor development, and proposes a cascade of stress reactions as a potential mechanism of transmission...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333517/considering-a-family-systems-approach-to-surrogate-decision-making
#16
Elizabeth K Vig, Janelle S Taylor, Ann M O'Hare
Comments on the original article by Rolland, Emanuel, and Torke (see record 2017-05300-001) regarding a family systems approach to medical decision-making by proxy. The authors expanded the focus of clinicians beyond the patient to a more comprehensive understanding of the patient's family. They assert that a better understanding of family dynamics may help clinicians to engage with families more effectively when decision-making is needed for seriously ill loved ones, and may lessen the emotional challenges families and clinicians face when decisions are needed...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333491/standing-on-shaky-ground-dyadic-and-longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-relationship-quality-postearthquake
#17
Emma M Marshall, Roeline G Kuijer, Jeffry A Simpson, Ohad Szepsenwol
In the current study, we took a unique dyadic approach to examine how people's relationship quality following an earthquake was associated with their and their partner's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and whether support exchanges in the relationship protected relationship quality in the face of this adversity. Ninety-nine heterosexual couples were studied over 4 time points for approximately 15 months following the Canterbury, New Zealand, earthquakes. The data were analyzed using moderated growth-curve modeling in an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model framework...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332408/trauma-and-autobiographical-memory-contents-and-determinants-of-earliest-memories-among-war-affected-palestinian-children
#18
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
The contents of earliest memories (EM), as part of autobiographical memory, continue to fascinate scientists and therapists. However, research is scarce on the determinants of EM, especially among children. This study aims, first, to identify contents of EM of children living in war conditions, and, second, to analyse child gender, traumatic events and mental health as determinants of the contents of EM. The participants were 240 Palestinian schoolchildren from the Gaza Strip (10-12 years, M = 11.35, SD = 0...
March 23, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330395/changes-of-posttraumatic-stress-responses-in-evacuated-residents-and-their-related-factors
#19
Misari Oe, Hideto Takahashi, Masaharu Maeda, Mayumi Harigane, Senta Fujii, Itaru Miura, Masato Nagai, Hirooki Yabe, Tetsuya Ohira, Yuriko Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Masafumi Abe
The longitudinal posttraumatic stress responses and resilient factors after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant are yet unknown. Here we attempted to quantify the patterns of the course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and we explored the factors associated with psychological recovery. The subjects were 12 371 residents in the municipalities categorized as the forced evacuated area. We categorized the subjects' PTSD symptoms into 4 groups: Chronic, Resistant, Recovered, and Non-recovered...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329715/psychological-distress-and-prejudice-following-terror-attacks-in-france
#20
Robin Goodwin, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Shaojing Sun, Menachem Ben-Ezra
Terrorist attacks have the capacity to threaten our beliefs about the world, cause distress across populations and promote discrimination towards particular groups. We examined the impact of two different types of attacks in the same city and same year on psychological distress and probable posttraumatic stress symptoms, and the moderating effects of religion or media use on distress/posttraumatic symptoms and inter-group relations. Two panel surveys four weeks after the January 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack (N = 1981) and the November 2015 Bataclan concert hall/restaurant attacks (N = 1878), measured intrinsic religiosity, social and traditional media use, psychological distress (K6), probable posttraumatic stress symptoms (proposed ICD-11), symbolic racism and willingness to interact with Muslims by non-Muslims...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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