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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718673/ameliorative-effect-of-gallic-acid-in-doxorubicin-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-wistar-rats-through-antioxidant-defense-system
#1
Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Uchechukwu Enwiwe Ajufo, Olumuyima Abiola Adejumobi, Olufunke Eunice Ola-Davies, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Hepatotoxicity has been found to be one of the main side effects associated with doxorubicin (Dox) administration in cancer therapy. The aim of the present study was to examine the ameliorative effect of gallic acid (GA) in Dox-induced hepatotoxicity. Sixty male Wistar rats of 10 rats per group were used in this study and were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups (A-F). Rats in Group A served as the control group and received distilled water orally for 7 days; Group B was given Dox at 15 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally (IP) on Day 8...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717323/epidemiological-study-of-tick-infestation-in-buffalo-of-various-regions-of-district-khairpur-pakistan
#2
Farzana Abbasi, Imtiaz Hussain Raja Abbasi, Tahmeena Fakhur Nissa, Zohaib Ahmed Bhutto, Muhammed Asif Arain, Rab Nawaz Soomro, Farman Ali Siyal, Sarfraz Ali Fazlani
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological infestation and identification of Ixodidae and Argasidae ticks species in buffalo of different parts of district Khairpur, Pakistan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 720 Water buffaloes from three tehsils (subdivisions) were selected randomly and examined from organized and unorganized dairy farms for tick infestation in district Khairpur, Pakistan. This epidemiological survey was conducted during April to September 2015...
June 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716743/low-level-exposure-to-manganese-from-drinking-water-and-cognition-in-school-age-children
#3
Maryse F Bouchard, Céline Surette, Pierre Cormier, Delphine Foucher
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) is an element found in the environment and certain geographic areas have elevated concentrations in soil and water du to natural conditions or anthropic activities. A growing body of data suggests that exposure to manganese in drinking water could be neurotoxic. OBJECTIVE: Firstly, we aimed to examine the association between exposure to manganese from drinking water and cognition in children consuming well water. Secondly, we also aimed to examine the relation between cognition and manganese concentrations in children's hair, nail, and saliva...
July 14, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715436/use-of-water-turnover-method-to-measure-mother-s-milk-flow-in-a-rat-model-application-to-dams-receiving-a-low-protein-diet-during-gestation-and-lactation
#4
Thomas Sevrin, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Dominique Darmaun, Antoine Palvadeau, Agnès André, Patrick Nguyen, Khadija Ouguerram, Clair-Yves Boquien
Assessment of milk production is of utmost relevance for pediatricians and scientists interested in early life nutrition. The weight-suckle-weight (WSW) method, which consists of weighing babies before and after they suckle their mother, uses the difference in body weight as an estimate of milk intake. However, this is prone to many sources of error. In the current study, we used for the first time the water turnover method and compartmental analysis with deuterated water (D2O) as a non-toxic tracer to quantify in vivo milk production in a rat model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714769/effects-of-meridian-acupressure-massage-on-body-composition-edema-stress-and-fatigue-in-postpartum-women
#5
Geum-Sook Jung, In-Ryoung Choi, Hee-Young Kang, Eun-Young Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the effects of meridian acupressure massage on body composition, edema, stress, and fatigue in postpartum women. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent control group was utilized. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Postpartum Care Center of Women's Hospital in Gwangju City, Republic of Korea. SUBJECTS: The study group consisted of 39 postpartum women, 19 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group, recruited from the postpartum care center of Women's Hospital in Gwangju city, South Korea...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712143/reliability-of-the-echomri-infants-system-for-water-and-fat-measurements-in-newborns
#6
Tatiana Toro-Ramos, Charles Paley, William W Wong, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Wen W Yu, John Thornton, Dympna Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: The precision and accuracy of a quantitative magnetic resonance (EchoMRI Infants) system in newborns were determined. METHODS: Canola oil and drinking water phantoms (increments of 10 g to 1.9 kg) were scanned four times. Instrument reproducibility was assessed from three scans (within 10 minutes) in 42 healthy term newborns (12-70 hours post birth). Instrument precision was determined from the coefficient of variation (CV) of repeated scans for total water, lean mass, and fat measures for newborns and the mean difference between weight and measurement for phantoms...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712030/predictive-modelling-of-eutrophication-in-the-poz%C3%A3-n-de-la-dolores-lake-northern-spain-by-using-an-evolutionary-support-vector-machines-approach
#7
P J García-Nieto, E García-Gonzalo, J R Alonso Fernández, C Díaz Muñiz
Eutrophication is a water enrichment in nutrients (mainly phosphorus) that generally leads to symptomatic changes and deterioration of water quality and all its uses in general, when the production of algae and other aquatic vegetations are increased. In this sense, eutrophication has caused a variety of impacts, such as high levels of Chlorophyll a (Chl-a). Consequently, anticipate its presence is a matter of importance to prevent future risks. The aim of this study was to obtain a predictive model able to perform an early detection of the eutrophication in water bodies such as lakes...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708611/upflow-anaerobic-sludge-blanket-and-aerated-constructed-wetlands-for-swine-wastewater-treatment-a-pilot-study
#8
F Masi, A Rizzo, N Martinuzzi, S D Wallace, D Van Oirschot, P Salazzari, E Meers, R Bresciani
Swine wastewater management is often affected by two main issues: a too high volume for optimal reuse as a fertilizer and a too high strength for an economically sustainable treatment by classical solutions. Hence, an innovative scheme has been tested to treat swine wastewater, combining a low cost anaerobic reactor, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB), with intensified constructed wetlands (aerated CWs) in a pilot scale experimental study. The swine wastewater described in this paper is produced by a swine production facility situated in North Italy...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705768/the-clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-infections-in-burn-patients-from-the-formosa-fun-coast-dust-explosion
#9
Tzu-Chao Lin, Rui-Xin Wu, Chih-Chien Chiu, Ya-Sung Yang, Yi Lee, Jung-Chung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Bloodstream infection is a leading cause of mortality among burn patients. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors, causative pathogens, and the relationship between bloodstream infections and other infections among burn patients from the Formosa Fun Coast Dust Explosion. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the demographic and clinical characteristics, infection types, causative pathogen(s), and isolates' antibiotic susceptibilities from patients who were hospitalized between June 27 and September 31, 2015...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704673/contributions-of-combined-sewer-overflows-and-treated-effluents-to-the-bacterial-load-released-into-a-coastal-area
#10
M Al Aukidy, P Verlicchi
The impact of combined sewer overflow (CSO) on the receiving water body is an issue of increasing concern, as it may lead to restrictions in the use and destination of the receiving body, such as bathing or recreational area closures, fish and shellfish consumption restrictions, and contamination of drinking water resources. Recent investigations have mainly referred to the occurrence and loads of suspended solids, organic compounds and, in some cases, micropollutants. Attempts have been made to find correlations between the discharged load and the size and characteristics of the catchment area, climate conditions, rainfall duration and intensity...
July 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702205/association-of-arsenobetaine-with-beta-cell-function-assessed-by-homeostasis-model-assessment-homa-in-nondiabetic-koreans-data-from-the-fourth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes-2008-2009
#11
Kiook Baek, Namhoon Lee, Insung Chung
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is known as an endocrine disruptor that people are exposed to through various sources such as drinking water and indigestion of marine products. Although some epidemiological and animal studies have reported a correlation between arsenic exposure and diabetes development, there are limited studies regarding the toxic effects of organic arsenic including arsenobetaine on the human body. Here, we analyzed the association between urine arsenobetaine and the homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-β), which is an index for predicting diabetes development and reflecting the function of pancreatic β-cells...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700512/influence-of-morphology-and-strength-on-front-crawl-swimming-speed-in-junior-and-youth-age-group-swimmers
#12
Marek Strzała, Arkadiusz Stanula, Piotr Krężałek, Andrzej Ostrowski, Marcin Kaca, Grzegorz Głąb
OBJECTIVES: this study, conducted in two male age groups, was aimed at analysing the influence of body properties, dry-land strength and swimming strength on 50 m crawl (VCrawl). METHODS: We examined two competitive groups, Youth (20.6 ± 1.05), and Junior, (17.3 ± 0.59), through: a. (lean) body mass (BM and LBM), (total) body height (BH and TBL) and arm span (AS); b. counter movement jump (CMJ) and maximum isometric strength of elbow and knee joints; c. tethered crawl strength...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699965/bacterial-degradation-of-dissolved-organic-matter-released-by-planktothrix-agardhii-cyanobacteria
#13
L P Tessarolli, I L Bagatini, I Bianchini-Jr, A A H Vieira
Although Planktothrix agardhii often produces toxic blooms in eutrophic water bodies around the world, little is known about the fate of the organic matter released by these abundant Cyanobacteria. Thus, this study focused in estimating the bacterial consumption of the DOC and DON (dissolved organic carbon and dissolved organic nitrogen, respectively) produced by axenic P. agardhii cultures and identifying some of the bacterial OTUs (operational taxonomic units) involved in the process. Both P. agardhii and bacterial inocula were sampled from the eutrophic Barra Bonita Reservoir (SP, Brazil)...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699923/the-effects-of-moderate-versus-high-load-resistance-training-on-muscle-growth-body-composition-and-performance-in-collegiate-women
#14
Jason M Cholewa, Fabricio E Rossi, Christopher MacDonald, Amy Hewins, Samantha Gallo, Ashley Micenski, Layne Norton, Bill I Campbell
Twenty young women (20.3+1.5 years, 164+6 cm, 68.7+13.8 kg) without prior structured resistance training experience were recruited for this study. Body composition (BodPod), compartmental water (Bioelectrical Impedance), 7-site skinfold, and arm and thigh CSA were assessed pre- and post- 8 week training. Performance testing consisted of vertical jump, 3 kg chest pass initial velocity, squat 1RM and overhead press 1RM. Following 2 weeks of familiarization training, subjects were matched for body composition and relative squat strength, and randomly assigned to either a high- (HL: n=10; 4 sets of 5-7 repetitions) or moderate-load (ML: n=10; 2 sets of 10-14 repetitions) group that completed 6-7 exercises per day performed to momentary muscular failure...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696993/special-communication-of-a-case-of-hypovolemic-associated-eah-lessons-learned-during-recovery
#15
Tamara Hew-Butler, Rus Hamilton, Bridget Hamilton, Zachary Colesa
Severe exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is largely dilutional, whereas contributions of sodium loss remain equivocal. We present a case of EAH with encephalopathy involving an experienced male cyclist with no recollection of the event. We thereby conducted a retrospective analysis of biochemical trajectories during hospital recovery. The normalization of serum [Na], in context with changes in other variables, offered a 'reverse' perspective of the underlying pathophysiology. The following biochemical changes were temporally observed, with the return of normonatremia: 1) a decrease in serum potassium and calcium concentrations (absence of extracellular fluid dilution); 2) a decrease in total protein, blood urea nitrogen, hematocrit and hemoglobin (plasma volume expansion); and 3) an increase in mean platelet and red cell corpuscular volumes (cellular expansion after total body water and sodium deficits)...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696961/current-body-composition-measurement-techniques
#16
Thaisa Lemos, Dympna Gallagher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews the most innovative and precise, available methods for quantification of in-vivo human body composition. RECENT FINDINGS: Body composition measurement methods are continuously being perfected. Ongoing efforts involve multisegmental and multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, quantitative magnetic resonance for total body water, fat, and lean tissue measurements, imaging to further define ectopic fat depots...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696051/unexpected-acute-renal-injury-after-high-dose-etoposide-phosphate-and-total-body-irradiation-in-children-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
C Cordero, C Loboda, I Clerc-Urmès, L Clément, C Pochon, P Chastagner
High-dose etoposide phosphate, a water-soluble prodrug of etoposide, may be used after total body irradiation (TBI) in pediatric allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for lymphoblastic leukemia. In a retrospective study of 21 children treated at the Nancy University Hospital (2000-2014), we identified unprecedentedly an unexpectedly high incidence (57%) of acute renal injury following etoposide phosphate infusion. Patients who developed renal function impairment experienced more severe mucositis but had outcomes similar to those who did not...
July 11, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695801/establishment-and-assessment-of-mice-models-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Fangfang Xu, Nan Wang, Gangqiang Li, Wenfang Guo, Caifeng Yang, Dehu Liu
Objective To establish type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)KM mouse models via the combined use of high-calorie diet and multiple administration of low-dose streptozotocin(STZ). Methods Based on the randomized number table,30 KM mice were equally and randomly divided into 2 groups:modeling group and control group. Mice in the modeling group were given foods with high calories for one month and injected with 30 mg/kg STZ via the left lower abdominal cavity for 2-4 consecutive days,while mice in the control group were fed with standard maintenance foods and the same dose of citrate buffer solution...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692807/the-effect-of-moderate-consumption-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-on-glucose-tolerance-and-body-composition-in-rats
#19
Ashley P Tovar, James W Navalta, Laura J Kruskall, John C Young
Glucose tolerance and body composition were determined in male rats given non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) (aspartame or sucralose) in drinking water. AUC for glucose and insulin with NNS did not differ from control. NNS treatment had no effect on weight gain or percent body fat. Epididymal fat pad mass was higher with aspartame and the ratio of trunk to total fat was less with sucralose versus control, suggesting that NNS consumption altered body fat distribution.
July 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691397/cyanidin-3-glucoside-increases-whole-body-energy-metabolism-by-upregulating-brown-adipose-tissue-mitochondrial-function
#20
Yilin You, Xiaoxue Yuan, Xiaomeng Liu, Chen Liang, Minghui Meng, Yuanyuan Huang, Xue Han, Jielong Guo, Yu Guo, Chenglong Ren, Qianwen Zhang, Xiangyu Sun, Tingting Ma, Guojie Liu, Wanzhu Jin, Weidong Huang, Jicheng Zhan
SCOPE: Obesity develops when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure. Promoting brown adipose tissue (BAT) formation and function increases energy expenditure and may protect against obesity. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G) is an anthocyanin compound which occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables. In this study, we investigated the effect and mechanism of C3G on the prevention of obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Db/db mice received C3G dissolved in drinking water for 16 weeks; Drinking water served as the vehicle treatment...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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