keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Total body water

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648040/-effects-of-seawater-immersion-on-the-inflammatory-response-and-oxygen-free-radical-injury-of-rats-with-superficial-partial-thickness-scald-at-early-stage
#1
Y X Yang, J H Wang, L Liu, Q Zou, Y Zhang, Z Bai
Objective: To study the effects of seawater immersion on the inflammatory response and oxygen free radical injury of rats with superficial-thickness scald at early stage. Methods: Seventy Wistar rats were divided into healthy control group (HC, n=7), pure scald group (PS, n=21), scald+ fresh water immersion group (SF, n=21), and scald+ seawater immersion group (SS, n=21) according to the random number table. Rats in group HC did not receive any treatment, while 5% total body surface area superficial partial-thickness scald was made on the back of rats in the latter three groups...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646803/effects-of-balneotherapy-on-serum-levels-of-shingosine-1-phosphate-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#2
Esra Aycan Ustyol, Fatih Karaarslan, Seldag Bekpinar, Kagan Ozkuk, Nergis Erdogan
Context • Balneotherapy is one of the most commonly used nonpharmacological interventions for osteoarthritis (OA), but its mechanism of action in relieving pain and stiffness and in improving physical function is not well understood. Studies have found that therapy provokes a series of neuroendocrinal reactions with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, has been implicated as an important mediator in the maintenance of physiological processes (eg, vascular barrier integrity) and in pathophysiologic processes such as inflammatory conditions...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644883/effects-of-dietary-inclusion-of-high-concentrations-of-crude-glycerin-on-meat-quality-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-feedlot-fed-nellore-bulls
#3
Eric H C B van Cleef, André P D'Áurea, Vanessa R Fávaro, Flavia O S van Cleef, Robson S Barducci, Marco T C Almeida, Otávio R Machado Neto, Jane M B Ezequiel
Crude glycerin, the main by-product of biodiesel production, can replace dietary energy sources, such as corn. The objective of this study was to evaluate the inclusion of up to 30% of crude glycerin in dry matter (DM) of the total diets, and its effects on meat quality parameters of feedlot Nellore bulls. Thirty animals (227.7 ± 23.8 kg body weight; 18 months old) were housed in individual pens and fed 5 experimental diets, containing 0, 7.5, 15, 22.5 or 30% crude glycerin (DM basis). After 103 d (21 d adaptation) animals were slaughtered and the Longissimus muscle was collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644562/efficacy-of-ipragliflozin-as-monotherapy-or-as-add-on-therapy-with-other-oral-antidiabetic-medications-in-treating-type-2-diabetes-in-japanese-patients-with-inadequate-glycemic-control-a-subgroup-analysis-based-on-patient-characteristics
#4
Takeshi Osonoi, Shinya Nakamoto, Miyoko Saito, Atsuko Tamasawa, Hidenori Ishida, Yusuke Osonoi
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin in treating Japanese type 2 diabetic patients with inadequate glycemic control by investigating diurnal variations of blood glucose and body composition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated, multicenter, prospective study with a 6-month treatment period. The primary outcome investigated was change in hemoglobin A1c levels from baseline. Secondary outcomes included changes in fasting plasma glucose, insulin resistance, variations in 24-h glucose levels detected by continuous glucose monitoring, body weight, body composition, waist circumference, and serum lipids...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642474/comparing-dna-enrichment-of-proliferating-cells-following-administration-of-different-stable-isotopes-of-heavy-water
#5
Don E Farthing, Nataliya P Buxbaum, Philip J Lucas, Natella Maglakelidze, Brittany Oliver, Jiun Wang, Kevin Hu, Ehydel Castro, Catherine V Bare, Ronald E Gress
Deuterated water ((2)H2O) is a label commonly used for safe quantitative measurement of deuterium enrichment into DNA of proliferating cells. More recently, it has been used for labeling proteins and other biomolecules. Our in vitro - in vivo research reports important stable isotopic labeling enrichment differences into the DNA nucleosides and their isotopologues (e.g. deoxyadenosine (dA) M + 1, dA M + 2, dA M + 3), as well as tumor cell proliferation effects for various forms of commercially available stable heavy water ((2)H2O, H2(18)O, and (2)H2(18)O)...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641238/water-soluble-fraction-of-petroleum-induces-genotoxicity-and-morphological-effects-in-fat-snook-centropomus-parallelus
#6
Laila Carine Campos Medeiros, Frederico Augusto Cariello Delunardo, Larissa Novaes Simões, Marcelo Gustavo Paulino, Thais Souza Vargas, Marisa Narciso Fernandes, Rodrigo Scherer, Adriana Regina Chippari-Gomes
Petroleum hydrocarbons are one of the primary organic chemicals found in water bodies, and the water-soluble fraction of petroleum (WSFP) may be responsible for much of the toxic effects. In the present study, genotoxicity assays and histopathological analysis of the gills were analyzed for two experimental protocols: 1) Juvenile Centropomus parallelus were exposed to different concentrations of WFSP (0%, 25%, 50% and 75%) for 96h; 2) A second fish group was exposed to 50% WFSP for 168h followed by a post-exposure period for 168h in clean water (recovery)...
June 19, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641088/application-of-zeolite-hydrous-zirconia-composite-as-a-novel-sediment-capping-material-to-immobilize-phosphorus
#7
Yi Fan, Yiwen Li, Deyi Wu, Chunjie Li, Hainan Kong
A unique sediment-capping agent consisting of a zeolite/hydrous zirconia composite (ZHZ) was developed and tested for P-immobilization in the overlying water and sediment cores from a freshwater pond. In the ZHZ, NaP1 zeolite was covered with hydrous zirconia, which existed as an amorphous phase. Experimental results in pond water indicated that ZHZ could efficiently remove soluble reactive phosphorus. The 28-day sediment incubation experiments showed that capping sediment with ZHZ resulted in a more efficient, rapid and sustained decrease in P concentration when compared with the traditional alum treatment method...
June 12, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640969/control-of-breathing-and-ventilatory-acclimatization-to-hypoxia-in-deer-mice-native-to-high-altitudes
#8
Catherine M Ivy, Graham R Scott
AIM: We compared the control of breathing and heart rate by hypoxia between high- and low-altitude populations of Peromyscus mice, to help elucidate the physiological specializations that help high-altitude natives cope with O2 limitation. METHODS: Deer mice (P. maniculatus) native to high altitude and congeneric mice native to low altitude (P. leucopus) were bred in captivity at sea level. The F1 progeny of each population were raised to adulthood and then acclimated to normoxia or hypobaric hypoxia (12 kPa, simulating hypoxia at ~4300 m) for 5 months...
June 22, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637188/the-influence-of-whole-corn-feeding-method-during-the-finishing-stage-on-the-performance-of-overfed-mule-ducks
#9
J Arroyo, F Lavigne, L Fortun-Lamothe
The aim of this trial was to compare 2 feeding systems based on whole corn, a loose-mix and a free-choice feeding system, during the finishing stage on the performance of ducks. Five hundred sixteen day-old male mule ducks (Muscovy drake × Pekin duck) were divided into 3 groups that differed in the presentation of the diet they received between 58 and 88 d of age: a complete pelleted diet (Control (CON) group; AMEn 12.1 MJ/kg, CP 15.0%) containing 500 g of corn per kg; or whole corn (AMEn 13.9 MJ/kg, CP 7...
June 20, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636279/effects-of-in-ovo-injection-of-chrysin-quercetin-and-ascorbic-acid-on-hatchability-somatic-attributes-hepatic-oxidative-status-and-early-post-hatch-performance-of-broiler-chicks
#10
F Khaligh, A Hassanabadi, H Nassiri-Moghaddam, A Golian, G-A Kalidari
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of in ovo injection of chrysin, quercetin and ascorbic acid on hatchability, somatic attributes, hepatic antioxidant status and early post-hatch growth performance of broiler chicks. Four hundred and eighty embryonated broiler breeder eggs containing live 18-day-old embryos were divided into six groups of 80 eggs each. One group remained intact and served as a control group (i), whereas the other five groups were injected with the prepared injection solutions as follows: (ii) 0...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627341/-protective-effects-of-valproic-acid-on-gut-barrier-function-after-major-burn-injury-and-its-mechanism
#11
Hongmin Luo, Sen Hu, Huining Bian, Shaoyi Zheng, Bing Xiong, Zhifeng Huang, Zuan Liu, Chuanwei Sun, Lianghua Ma, Hanhua Li, Wen Yu, Minghua Du, Huade Chen, Wen Lai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effects of valproic acid (VPA) on gut barrier function after major burn injury in rats and its mechanism. METHODS: Forty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into sham + normal saline (NS), sham + VPA, scald + NS, and scald + VPA groups, with 10 rats in each group. Rat with 55% total body surface area (TBSA) third-degree severe-burns model was reproduced by immersing into 80 °C water, and the rats in sham groups were given sham-burns by immersing into 37 °C water...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627062/effects-of-a-carbohydrase-complex-added-in-different-inclusion-rates-in-feeds-for-broilers-on-growth-performance-digesta-viscosity-and-foot-pad-health
#12
M Kölln, H Weiß, J Hankel, J Kamphues
Foot pad dermatitis (FPD) is a widespread disease in poultry and important for economic and animal welfare reasons. It is well recognized that using non-starch polysaccharide (NSP)-degrading enzymes can affect excreta/litter quality (not only in terms of moisture content but also regarding water evaporation) at high stocking densities and might help to prevent FPD and further negative effects of NSP. This study aimed to evaluate effects of a carbohydrase complex (CC) in different dietary inclusion rates on performance, digesta viscosity and foot pad health in broilers from 9 to 37 days of life...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625218/the-response-of-male-and-female-rats-to-a-high-fructose-diet-during-adolescence-following-early-administration-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-aqueous-calyx-extracts
#13
K G Ibrahim, E Chivandi, F B O Mojiminiyi, K H Erlwanger
Metabolic syndrome is linked to the consumption of fructose-rich diets. Nutritional and pharmacological interventions perinatally can cause epigenetic changes that programme an individual to predispose or protect them from the development of metabolic diseases later. Hibiscus sabdariffa (HS) reportedly has anti-obesity and hypocholesterolaemic properties in adults. We investigated the impact of neonatal intake of HS on the programming of metabolism by fructose. A total of 85 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided randomly into three groups...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624727/the-biogeochemical-implications-of-massive-gull-flocks-at-landfills
#14
R Scott Winton, Mark River
Gulls have long been observed concentrating in flocks of tens to hundreds of thousands at the anthropogenic food sources provided by landfills. Yet, the biogeochemical implications of the landfill gull phenomenon have been largely ignored. This study has two goals: 1) to understand the magnitude and geographic extent of landfill gulls in North America, and 2) to quantify the amount of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) transported from landfills to gull roosting sites in order to understand their potential impacts on water quality and methane (CH4) emission...
June 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614919/-effects-of-developmental-exposure-to-dehp-on-learning-and-memory-of-mice
#15
D J Wu, B B Luo, Q W Feng, Q N Wang
Objective: To investigate the effects of developmental exposure to DEHP on learning and memory of mice. Methods: Male littermates of ICR mice randomly assigned to five experimental groups (n=14 for each condition) on PND4 to receive distilled water, vehicle and 10, 50 and 200 mg/ (kg·d) DEHP from PND5 to PND38 by gavage, weighing and recording body weight of mice. Open field task were conducted on PND 26 and Morris water maze task were begun from PND30 to PND 37 to evaluate spontaneous exploration activity and emotion, spatial learning and memory performance of pubertal mice, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614810/assessing-a-tool-for-self-monitoring-hydration-using-urine-color-in-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#16
Marion Rigaud, Camila Sevalho Corçao, Erica T Perrier, Sabine Boesen-Mariani
BACKGROUND: Pregnant and breastfeeding women experience great changes in their total body water content and water dynamics. To support the accretion of total body water during pregnancy and compensate for the water lost through breast milk during breastfeeding, increased adequate intakes (AI) for total water have been established by various health authorities. Despite this widespread advice, several studies suggest that pregnant and breastfeeding women do not meet the AI for total water, suggesting the need to raise women's awareness on the importance of adequate water intake, particularly during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as to provide them with a simple means of monitoring their hydration on a day-to-day basis...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614741/iopromide-exposure-in-typha-latifolia-l-evaluation-of-uptake-translocation-and-different-transformation-mechanisms-in-planta
#17
Hao Cui, Martin Hrabě de Angelis, Peter Schröder
Iopromide is frequently detected in water bodies due to its widespread use as an X-ray contrast agent in medicine. Due to its rapid clearance from the human body and its incomplete removal by wastewater treatment, an elevation of its concentration in the environment is observed that might lead to a serious impact on human and environmental health. Alternative or additional removal technologies may be more effective to remove iopromide from the effluents of wastewater treatment facilities, like phytoremediation with aquatic macrophytes...
June 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611859/ipragliflozin-improves-glycemic-control-and-decreases-body-fat-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Takehiro Kawata, Takashi Iizuka, Kotaro Iemitsu, Masahiro Takihata, Masahiko Takai, Shigeru Nakajima, Nobuaki Minami, Shinichi Umezawa, Akira Kanamori, Hiroshi Takeda, Shogo Ito, Taisuke Kikuchi, Hikaru Amemiya, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Atsuko Mokubo, Tetsuo Takuma, Hideo Machimura, Keiji Tanaka, Taro Asakura, Akira Kubota, Sachio Aoyanagi, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Masashi Ishikawa, Yoko Matsuzawa, Mitsuo Obana, Nobuo Sasai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Fuyuki Minagawa, Tatsuya Saito, Kazuaki Shinoda, Masaaki Miyakawa, Yasushi Tanaka, Yasuo Terauchi, Ikuro Matsuba
BACKGROUND: Ipragliflozin, a sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitor, was administered to patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 24 weeks to evaluate its effect on glycemic control and body composition. METHODS: This was an investigator-initiated multicenter prospective intervention study in which ipragliflozin (50 mg) was administered once daily and glycemic control, blood pressure, body weight (BW), body composition (measured by a biological impedance method), the lipid profile, and adverse events were evaluated after 4, 12, and 24 weeks of treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610999/changes-in-faecal-bacteria-during-fattening-in-finishing-swine
#19
Tomomi Ban-Tokuda, Sakiko Maekawa, Takehiro Miwa, Sou Ohkawara, Hiroki Matsui
Body fat accumulation in mice and human is linked to the percentage of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes, two bacterial phyla dominant in the large intestine. However, little is known about the relationship between the composition of the gut microbiota and fattening in pig. This study aimed to investigate the abundance of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Bacteroides, which is the major genus within Bacteroidetes, in porcine faeces during fattening. Ten 4-month-old crossbred pigs were given free access to commercial feed for fattening and water for 14 weeks...
June 10, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609898/fauna-of-cladocera-and-copepoda-from-xinjiang-uyghur-autonomous-region-china
#20
Elena S Chertoprud, Artem Y Sinev, Inta Dimante-Deimantovica
This study evaluates the species composition of Cladocera and Copepoda in the five lakes of the Bogda-Shan Mountain range and in the floodplain of the Tarim and Konchedarya rivers located in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China (Xinjiang). We collected seven species of Cladocera and six species of Copepoda. Seven species were identified as new for Xinjiang fauna, and two species (Cyclops cf. herberti Einsle, 1996, and Eucyclops roseus Ishida, 1997) were first records for China. Herein, we characterize the distribution ranges for the detected species and provide taxonomic remarks...
May 3, 2017: Zootaxa
keyword
keyword
25355
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"