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Dissociation trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125800/the-trauma-factor-examining-the-relationships-among-different-types-of-trauma-dissociation-and-psychopathology
#1
Adriano Schimmenti
Extensive research has reported a dose-response relationship between exposure to trauma and the severity of both dissociation and psychopathology. However, certain types of trauma may co-occur more frequently than others and specific combinations of traumatic experiences may relate differently to dissociative processes and psychiatric symptoms. In the current study, 359 adult participants completed questionnaires on traumatic experiences, dissociation, and psychopathology. A correlation network analysis showed that some types of trauma are more likely to co-occur and that especially traumatic experiences in attachment relationships during childhood were significantly associated with other trauma in life...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078907/cervical-spine-injuries-in-young-children-pattern-and-outcomes-in-accidental-versus-inflicted-trauma
#2
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rajaie Hazboun, Rosemary Vannix, Paul Krafft, Alexander Zouros
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the cervical spine (c-spine) pattern of injury and outcomes in children below 3 y with a head injury from confirmed inflicted versus accidental trauma. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, data were prospectively collected between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were age below 3 y, a loss of consciousness, and any one of the following initial head computed tomography (CT) findings (subdural hematoma, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, or cerebral edema)...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074261/examining-the-relationship-between-higher-educational-attainment-trauma-symptoms-and-internalizing-behaviors-in-child-sexual-abuse-survivors
#3
Kimberly Hardner, Molly R Wolf, Elaine S Rinfrette
The trauma symptoms of child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors don't end with the abuse, or even with the advent of adulthood. Instead, these symptoms can persist into all the realms of a survivor's life, including education, which sets the foundation for career advancement. This retrospective study of adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse (n=260) examined the relationships between trauma symptoms, dissociation, dissociative amnesia, anxiety, depression, sleep problems and higher education attainment. The purpose of this study was to determine if these factors are associated with higher education completion for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors...
October 23, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063485/the-dissociative-subtype-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-research-update-on-clinical-and-neurobiological-features
#4
Jytte van Huijstee, Eric Vermetten
Recently, a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been included in the DSM-5. This review focuses on the clinical and neurobiological features that distinguish the dissociative subtype of PTSD from non-dissociative PTSD. Clinically, the dissociative subtype of PTSD is associated with high PTSD severity, predominance of derealization and depersonalization symptoms, a more significant history of early life trauma, and higher levels of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, PTSD patients with dissociative symptoms exhibit different psychophysiological and neural responses to the recall of traumatic memories...
October 21, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052121/co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-young-children
#5
Alison Salloum, Carly Johnco, Kristin M Smyth, Tanya K Murphy, Eric A Storch
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in: (1) mental health emotional and behavioral problems between young children experiencing PTSD with and without MDD; (2) the incidence of caregiver PTSD and MDD between children with PTSD ± MDD; and (3) the number of traumatic events and interpersonal versus non-interpersonal nature of trauma events among children whose parents sought child trauma-focused treatment. Sixty-six caregivers of children aged 3-7 with PTSD completed semi-structured interviews regarding caregiver and child diagnoses, and caregivers completed self-report measures regarding child symptomatology...
October 19, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050993/psychological-causes-of-autobiographical-amnesia-a-study-of-28-cases
#6
Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J Markowitsch, Andreas Kordon
Autobiographical amnesia is found in patients with focal or diffuse brain damage ("organic amnesia"), but also without overt brain damage (at least when measured with conventional brain imaging methods). This last condition is usually named dissociative amnesia at present, and was originally described as hysteria. Classically and traditionally, dissociative amnesia is seen as a disorder that causes retrograde amnesia in the autobiographical domain in the aftermath of incidents of major psychological stress or trauma...
October 16, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049948/altered-responsiveness-in-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-and-its-implication-to-underlying-psychopathology
#7
Gaston Baslet, Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky
PURPOSE: Altered responsiveness during psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is a distinct semiological feature that may signal a psychological vulnerability. We hypothesized that altered responsiveness is related to difficulties with emotion tolerance, experiential avoidance, difficulty coping, dissociation and trauma and prior experiences of loss of awareness. METHODS: 71 patients with video-EEG confirmed PNES were divided into two groups based on their responsiveness at the time of the captured event during long-term monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043375/assessing-the-structure-and-meaningfulness-of-the-dissociative-subtype-of-ptsd
#8
Jana Ross, Gabriel Baník, Mária Dědová, Gabriela Mikulášková, Cherie Armour
PURPOSE: Studies conducted in the USA, Canada and Denmark have supported the existence of the dissociative PTSD subtype, characterized primarily by symptoms of depersonalization and derealization. The current study aimed to examine the dissociative PTSD subtype in an Eastern European, predominantly female (83.16%) sample, using an extended set of dissociative symptoms. METHODS: A latent profile analysis was applied to the PTSD and dissociation data from 689 trauma-exposed university students from Slovakia...
September 29, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038681/treatment-of-dissociative-disorders-and-reported-changes-in-inpatient-and-outpatient-cost-estimates
#9
Amie C Myrick, Aliya R Webermann, Willemien Langeland, Frank W Putnam, Bethany L Brand
Background: Interpersonal trauma and trauma-related disorders cost society billions of dollars each year. Because of chronic and severe trauma histories, dissociative disorder (DD) patients spend many years in the mental health system, yet there is limited knowledge about the economic burden associated with DDs. Objective: The current study sought to determine how receiving specialized treatment would relate to estimated costs of inpatient and outpatient mental health services. Method: Patients' and individual therapists' reports of inpatient hospitalization days and outpatient treatment sessions were converted into US dollars...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028150/potential-of-micrornas-as-novel-targets-in-the-alleviation-of-pathological-fear
#10
REVIEW
Conor P Murphy, Nicolas Singewald
The current treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias and other anxiety disorders, remains insufficient particularly in producing long-lasting full symptom control. Dysfunctional fear processing is common in these disorders, including a deficiency in fear-inhibitory mechanisms and impairment in the ability to discriminate between safety and danger cues. Research has aimed to elucidate brain circuitries, neurotransmitters and downstream signaling pathways important in the alleviation of aberrant fear, with a specific focus on mechanisms modulating fear memory and its behavioral expression...
October 13, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027871/weak-evidence-for-increased-motivated-forgetting-of-trauma-related-words-in-dissociated-or-traumatised-individuals-in-a-directed-forgetting-experiment
#11
Lawrence Patihis, Patricia J Place
Motivated forgetting is the idea that people can block out, or forget, upsetting or traumatic memories, because there is a motivation to do so. Some researchers have cited directed forgetting studies using trauma-related words as evidence for the theory of motivated forgetting of trauma. In the current article subjects used the list method directed forgetting paradigm with both trauma-related words and positive words. After one list of words was presented subjects were directed to forget the words previously learned, and they then received another list of words...
October 13, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023198/exploration-of-trauma-dissociation-maladaptive-schemas-and-auditory-hallucinations-in-a-french-sample
#12
Catherine Bortolon, Jade Seillé, Stéphane Raffard
OBJECTIVES: The main goal of the present study was to explore the associations between several key variables that have been shown to partially mediate the link between specific trauma exposure and auditory hallucinations (AH), that is, maladaptive schemas and dissociation in the general population. METHODS: In total, 425 voluntary participants were recruited from the general population and completed online the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Young schema questionnaire, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, and the Launay-Slade Hallucination Scale...
October 12, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994483/-clemency-on-the-way-to-the-gallows-death-dreams-and-dissociation
#13
Kenneth Kimmel
The survivor of a decade of childhood sexual trauma and violence, perpetrated by a monstrous father, produced a series of dreams in the final year of a ten-year analysis. They illuminated the 'death drive' beneath a lifelong preoccupation with dying and fantasies of submission to death, perpetuated by the promise of hoped-for freedom from pain and release from a life of suffering. The initial dream involved the collapse of a team of white horses drawing him in a pillory cart to his own hanging for a crime he did not commit...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994481/unconscious-choice-the-dissociation-of-creative-animus-among-writers-and-psychotherapists
#14
Alison Clark
The paper argues that writers and psychotherapists are drawn to their work through the desire to remedy an unconscious sense of lack brought about by early relational trauma. Often, because of its origins in psychic pain, the connection between these individuals' beginnings and their profession remains largely dissociated. The theme is developed with reference to the idea of the wounded healer taken up by Jung. It is proposed that the original wound is also the crack that lets the light in: a dissociated tough spirit that can be channelled into discriminating countertransference and strong writing...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990877/parents-descriptions-of-young-children-s-dissociative-reactions-after-trauma
#15
Gabriela Cintron, Alison Salloum, Zoe Blair-Andrews, Eric A Storch
There is limited research on the phenomenology of how young children who have been exposed to trauma express the intrusive symptom of dissociative reactions. The current qualitative study utilized interviews from a semi-structured diagnostic clinical interview with 74 caregivers of young children (ages 3 to 7) who were exposed to trauma to identify parents' descriptions of their children's dissociative reactions during a clinical interview. Based on results from the interview, 45.9% of the children had dissociative reactions (8...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987899/plasma-lipoproteins-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-patients-compared-to-healthy-controls-and-their-associations-with-the-hpa-and-hpt-axis
#16
Giel-Jan de Vries, Roel Mocking, Johanna Assies, Aart Schene, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Based on studies among primarily male veteran subjects, lipoproteins are thought to mediate the association of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, recent civilian studies with female samples or samples with both sexes represented provide little evidence for this association. Gender, diet and sex-specific effects of stress hormones on lipoproteins may explain this dissociation in findings. METHOD: Cross-sectional analysis of plasma concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides (TG) in a male and female sample of 49 PTSD-patients due to civilian trauma and 45 healthy controls...
December 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952898/exorcism-leads-to-reenactment-of-trauma-in-a-mauritian-woman
#17
Igor Jacob Pietkiewicz, Mylene Lecoq-Bamboche
Childhood trauma can have a lasting effect on personality and daily functioning, leading to dissociative changes in behavior and identity. How these are interpreted and handled usually depends on local culture and beliefs. This article presents the case of a Mauritian woman with a history of childhood abuse who was exorcised to "dispel an evil spirit." An in-depth interview exploring her experiences and meaning-making was transcribed and subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. This article discusses possession as a culturally accepted metaphor for incomprehensible behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952880/-you-don-t-feel-the-experience-of-youth-benzodiazepine-misuse-in-ireland
#18
Kevin D Murphy, Sharon Lambert, Suzanne McCarthy, Laura J Sahm, Stephen Byrne
There are negative effects to inappropriate use of benzodiazepines, yet the percentage of young people in Ireland experimenting with benzodiazepines has increased. There is a paucity of research about why Irish young people misuse benzodiazepines. In this study, people between 18 and 25 years attending substance misuse services in the south of Ireland (N = 13) were interviewed in a semi-structured style between June 2012 and April 2013. Content analysis was performed. The main motivations for benzodiazepine misuse were to self-regulate negative emotions and to induce dissociation from their environment...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929908/dissociative-and-complex-trauma-disorders-in-health-and-mental-health-contexts-or-why-is-the-elephant-not-in-the-room
#19
Kevin J Connors
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926159/randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial-of-intranasal-ketamine-compared-to-intranasal-fentanyl-for-analgesia-in-children-with-suspected-extremity-fractures
#20
Stacy L Reynolds, Kathleen K Bryant, Jonathan R Studnek, Melanie Hogg, Connell Dunn, Megan A Templin, Charity G Moore, James R Young, Katherine Rivera Walker, Michael S Runyon
OBJECTIVES: We compared the tolerability and efficacy of intranasal subdissociative ketamine to intranasal fentanyl for analgesia of children with acute traumatic pain and investigated the feasibility of a larger noninferiority trial that could investigate the potential opioid-sparing effects of intranasal ketamine. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial compared 1 mg/kg intranasal ketamine to 1.5 μg/kg intranasal fentanyl in children 4 to 17 years old with acute pain from suspected isolated extremity fractures presenting to an urban Level II pediatric trauma center from December 2015 to November 2016...
September 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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