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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199428/-complex-trauma
#1
María V Chiappe, Germán L Teti
The effects of trauma have been the focus of study by several researchers. However, at present, there is no diagnostic criteria that includes all forms of clinical presentations of subjects who have been victims of prolonged trauma or that have started at developmentally vulnerable times in the victim's life. Unlike those individuals who are victims of a single traumatic event, individuals who suffer multiple traumas that occur at vulnerable times, are at risk of developing a complex trauma. The concept of complex trauma was introduced in the last decades and is characterized by a symptomatic pleomorphism: emotional instability, somatization, dissociation; changes in identity, pathological changes in interpersonal relationships and suicidal behavior...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199427/-attachment-trauma-and-dissociation-the-genesis-of-the-dissociated-personality
#2
Ricardo E Cortese
In the present work we will deepen on the dissociative identity disorder (DID) and in the main current explanatory theory doomed to elucidate its genesis. The latter implies the interweaving of the notions of trauma, dissociation and attachment, relying on the psychoanalytic traditions and cognitive behavioral, generating an integrated perspective that transfigures the way how it was dealt with clinically and therapeutically this disorder. Under the perspective of the latter, the DID appears insert in the framework of the dissociative disorders of the personality, the same as the borderline organization, and in turn related to those dissociative disorders acquired in adulthood, which includes the post-traumatic stress disorder and some somatization disorders and conversion, which suggests the existence of an extended spectrum of dissociative disorders...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199426/-translating-hysteria-ptsd-dissociative-subtype
#3
Elena Levy Yeyati
To address the symptoms of depersonalization and derealization a specific dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder has been included in DSM-5. Depersonalization and derealization have been defined as acute and chronic symptoms of dissociative disorders since DSM-III. Dissociative disorders with chronic features are often diagnosed in North America, Canada and other European countries, but this is not the case in Argentina. Dissociative disorders have clinical and historical features that are strongly connected with hysteria...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199425/-psychogenesis-trauma-and-dissociation
#4
Federico Rebok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190553/cervical-spine-imaging-for-young-children-with-inflicted-trauma-expanding-the-injury-pattern
#5
Joanne Baerg, Arul Thirumoorthi, Rosemary Vannix, Asma Taha, Amy Young, Alexander Zouros
AIM: The purpose of this study was to document the incidence and pattern of cervical spine (c-spine) injuries in children below 36months with inflicted trauma. METHODS: An IRB approved, prospective cohort study was performed between July 2011 and January 2016. Inclusion criteria were: age below 36months, loss of consciousness after inflicted trauma, and one initial head computed tomography finding: a subdural, intraventricular, intraparenchymal, subarachnoid hemorrhage, diffuse axonal injury, hypoxic injury, or cerebral edema...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145816/a-naturalistic-study-of-a-brief-treatment-program-for-survivors-of-complex-trauma
#6
Catherine C Classen, Robert T Muller, Nigel P Field, Carrie S Clark, Eva-Marie Stern
A naturalistic study of a brief treatment program for The impact of chronic trauma can be longstanding, affecting survivor affect regulation, consciousness, interpersonal functioning, perceptions of self and others, self-regulation, and somatic experience. There is a growing consensus that multi-modal and staged approaches to treatment are necessary to promote healing. However, empirical investigations of such treatments are still needed. The current study used a naturalistic design to examine the impact of a brief, yet intensive, outpatient program on complex PTSD symptoms and attachment classification among women with histories of chronic trauma...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145812/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-fear-of-abandonment-moderate-the-relation-of-intimate-partner-violence-to-severity-of-dissociation
#7
Noga Zerubavel, Terri L Messman-Moore, David DiLillo, Kim L Gratz
Betrayal trauma theory proposes a relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and dissociation, suggesting that dissociation among victims of IPV may function to restrict awareness of abuse in order to preserve attachments perceived as vital. We investigated two factors that may moderate the relation between IPV and dissociation-childhood sexual abuse (CSA) severity and fear of abandonment-among 348 women currently in a relationship. The relation between frequency of IPV (sexual and physical) and dissociation (amnesia and depersonalization) was moderated by CSA severity and fear of abandonment...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135757/-validation-of-the-german-translation-of-the-revised-trauma-symptom-inventory-tsi-2-to-assess-complex-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#8
Sandy Krammer, Heidi Grossenbacher, Nathalie Goldstein, Carole Kaufmann, Alesia Schwenzel, Michael Soyka
The study aimed to validate the German version of the revised Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI-2) by John Briere. TSI-2 assesses complex posttraumatic stress symptoms. In order to validate it, further instruments were applied, namely the Adverse Childhood Experience Scale, the CIDI list, the revised Impact of Event-Scale, the interview for complex posttraumatic stress disorder, the revised symptom checklist 90, the dissociative experiences scale, the inventory for interpersonal problems, and the self-efficacy questionnaire...
January 30, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121466/effectiveness-of-an-extended-yoga-treatment-for-women-with-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Maggi Price, Joseph Spinazzola, Regina Musicaro, Jennifer Turner, Michael Suvak, David Emerson, Bessel van der Kolk
BACKGROUND: Yoga has been found to be an effective posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment for a variety of trauma survivors, including females with chronic PTSD. Aim/Purpose: The current study builds on extant research by examining an extended trauma-sensitive yoga treatment for women with chronic PTSD. The study sought to optimize the results of a treatment protocol examined in a recent randomized controlled trial with a shorter duration and without assignment or monitoring of home practice...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107899/childhood-trauma-perpetrated-by-close-others-psychiatric-dysfunction-and-urological-symptoms-in-patients-with-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#10
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
BACKGROUND: A psychosocial phenotype of interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), a urogenital condition without known organic causes, was proposed. While psychosocial variables, including interpersonal maltreatment and negative affect, were studied in association with IC/BPS, the specificities of the relationships between childhood trauma by close others, psychiatric dysfunctions (negative affect and post-traumatic psychopathology), and urogenital symptoms have not been established...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107176/integrating-neurobiology-of-emotion-regulation-and-trauma-therapy-reflections-on-emdr-therapy
#11
Anabel González, Lucía Del Río-Casanova, Ania Justo-Alonso
Emotion dysregulation is a frequent feature in trauma-related disorders. Different kinds of emotion dysregulation seem to be linked to particular psychiatric conditions, and there is growing evidence of the association between neurobiological correlates and those dysregulation patterns. Nevertheless, many of the recent findings from the field of the neurobiology have not been translated into clinical practice and are insufficiently contemplated in trauma-oriented therapies. The aim of this article is to review recent developments in the field of emotion regulation connecting these issues with the practical implementation of psychotherapeutic procedures...
January 20, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093755/xiv-international-conference-dissociation-trauma-and-the-self-the-roosevelt-hotel-new-york-20-th-23-rd-april-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077843/orpha-orphic-functions-and-the-orphic-analyst-winnicott-s-regression-to-dependence-in-the-language-of-ferenczi
#13
Hayuta Gurevich
Early developmental trauma is imprinted in the psyche by survival fragmentation and dissociation. Traumatized patients need the analyst to be actively involved and allow for regression to dependence in order to strengthen, create and construct their psychic functioning and structure so that environmental failures will be contained and not rupture continuity of being. I suggest that Ferenczi's and Winnicott's ideas about regression to dependence in analysis are fundamental contributions to these quests, and that Ferenczi set the foundation, which Winnicott further explored and developed...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077713/reversible-disruption-of-neuronal-mitochondria-by-ischemic-and-traumatic-injury-revealed-by-quantitative-two-photon-imaging-in-the-neocortex-of-anesthetized-mice
#14
Mikhail Kislin, Jeremy Sword, Ioulia V Fomitcheva, Deborah Croom, Evgeny Pryazhnikov, Eero Lihavainen, Dmytro Toptunov, Heikki Rauvala, Andre S Ribeiro, Leonard Khiroug, Sergei A Kirov
: Mitochondria play a variety of functional roles in cortical neurons, from metabolic support and neuroprotection to the release of cytokines that trigger apoptosis. In dendrites, mitochondrial structure is closely linked to their function, and fragmentation (fission) of the normally elongated mitochondria indicates loss of their function under pathological conditions, such as stroke and brain trauma. Using in vivo two-photon microscopy in mouse brain, we quantified mitochondrial fragmentation in a full spectrum of cortical injuries, ranging from severe to mild...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077328/dissociation-between-working-memory-performance-and-proactive-interference-control-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Diane Swick, Julien Cayton, Victoria Ashley, And U Turken
Deficits in working memory (WM) and cognitive control processes have been reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in addition to clinical symptoms such as hypervigilance, re-experiencing, and avoidance of trauma reminders. Given the uncontrollable nature of intrusive memories, an important question is whether PTSD is associated with altered control of interference in WM. Some studies also suggest that episodic memory shows a material-specific dissociation in PTSD, with greater impairments in verbal memory and relative sparing of nonverbal memory...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072651/relationship-of-sacral-fractures-to-nerve-injury-is-the-denis-classification-still-accurate
#16
Jannat M Khan, Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Anna N Miller
OBJECTIVE: Use modern computed tomographic imaging to reassess neurological injury risks associated with zone I-III sacral fractures as originally described by Denis, et al. DESIGN: Restrospective Case-control study. SETTING: University Level I Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: 1507 consecutive patients who presented with sacral fractures between January 2000 and August 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Patients were stratified based on the diagnosis of acute neurological injury...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072467/a-cross-lagged-panel-study-of-dissociation-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#17
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin
OBJECTIVE: The current prospective study assessed the temporal relations between dissociation and posttraumatic stress (PTS) in a sample of treatment-seeking female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. PTS refers to symptoms associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the absence of a clinical diagnosis of PTSD. METHOD: Initial assessment was on average 23 years after the onset of abuse (N = 405), and participants were followed-up after 6 months (N = 245) and 12 months (N = 119)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070973/dissociation-between-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-during-threat-anticipation-in-female-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-patients
#18
Leonie Brinkmann, Christine Buff, Paula Neumeister, Sara V Tupak, Michael P I Becker, Martin J Herrmann, Thomas Straube
Feelings of uncontrollability and anxiety regarding possibly harmful events are key features of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. Due to a lack of studies, the neural correlates of anticipatory anxiety in PTSD are still poorly understood. During functional magnetic resonance imaging, female PTSD patients with interpersonal violence trauma and healthy controls (HC) anticipated the temporally unpredictable presentation of aversive (human scream) or neutral sounds. Based on separate analysis models, we investigated phasic and sustained brain activations...
January 10, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068498/adapting-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dissociative-identity-disorder
#19
Brad Foote, Kim Van Orden
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), created by Marsha Linehan, has been shown to be an effective therapy for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and for suicidal and self-harming behavior. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a complex post-traumatic disorder which is highly comorbid with BPD, shares a number of clinical features with BPD, and which like BPD features a high degree of suicidality. The DID treatment literature emphasizes the importance of a staged approach, beginning with the creation of a safe therapeutic frame prior to addressing traumatic material; DBT is also a staged treatment, in which behavioral and safety issues are addressed in Stage 1, and trauma work reserved for Stage 2...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065191/dissociation-in-patients-with-dissociative-seizures-relationships-with-trauma-and-seizure-symptoms
#20
S Pick, J D C Mellers, L H Goldstein
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to extend the current understanding of dissociative symptoms experienced by patients with dissociative (psychogenic, non-epileptic) seizures (DS), including psychological and somatoform types of symptomatology. An additional aim was to assess possible relationships between dissociation, traumatic experiences, post-traumatic symptoms and seizure manifestations in this group. METHOD: A total of 40 patients with DS were compared with a healthy control group (n = 43), matched on relevant demographic characteristics...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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