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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522183/operating-environment-for-awake-brain-surgery-choice-of-tests
#1
REVIEW
M Wager, P Rigoard, C Bouyer, V Baudiffier, V Stal, B Bataille, R Gil, F Du Boisgueheneuc
INTRODUCTION: The indication for awake brain surgery depends on a prerequisite, i.e. recognition that the brain area concerned is truly eloquent, and identification of one or more functions that must be preserved. These functions are determined preoperatively in collaboration with the patient, and neuropsychological tests considered to be the most relevant are performed in the operating room according to each team's technical preferences. OPERATING ENVIRONMENT: The neurosurgeon must choose transfer equipment considered to be relevant...
May 15, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511576/performance-of-a-brazilian-sample-on-the-portuguese-translation-of-the-bni-screen-for-higher-cerebral-functions
#2
George P Prigatano, Lígia M N Souza, Lucia W Braga
INTRODUCTION: The Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI) Screen for Higher Cerebral Functions (BNIS) has been translated into several languages and found useful in evaluating multiple domains of cognitive and affective dysfunction, particularly in neuro-rehabilitation settings. Normative data from countries with high literacy rates have reported strikingly similar mean level of performance scores on this test, with age typically correlating higher with total score performance than education...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502691/long-term-seizure-quality-of-life-depression-and-verbal-memory-outcomes-in-a-controlled-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-surgical-series-using-portuguese-validated-instruments
#3
Luis Dias, Geisa Angelis, Wagner Teixeira, Luiz Casulari
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate long-term surgical outcomes in patients treated for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) compared to a similar group of patients that underwent a preoperative evaluation. METHODS: Patient interviews were conducted by an independent neuropsychologist and included a socio-demographic questionnaire and validated versions of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Adverse Events Profile (AEP), Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 (QOLIE-31), and Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
May 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492460/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-methods-for-measurement-development-and-maximizing-diagnostic-accuracy
#4
Thomas R Wodushek, Michael R Greher
In the first column in this 2-part series, Performance Validity Testing in Neuropsychology: Scientific Basis and Clinical Application-A Brief Review, the authors introduced performance validity tests (PVTs) and their function, provided a justification for why they are necessary, traced their ongoing endorsement by neuropsychological organizations, and described how they are used and interpreted by ever increasing numbers of clinical neuropsychologists. To enhance readers' understanding of these measures, this second column briefly describes common detection strategies used in PVTs as well as the typical methods used to validate new PVTs and determine cut scores for valid/invalid determinations...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484823/-prolonged-weaning-during-early-neurological-and-neurosurgical-rehabilitation-s2k-guideline-published-by-the-weaning-committee-of-the-german-neurorehabilitation-society-dgnr
#5
REVIEW
J D Rollnik, J Adolphsen, J Bauer, M Bertram, J Brocke, C Dohmen, E Donauer, M Hartwich, M D Heidler, V Huge, S Klarmann, S Lorenzl, M Lück, M Mertl-Rötzer, T Mokrusch, D A Nowak, T Platz, L Riechmann, F Schlachetzki, A von Helden, C W Wallesch, D Zergiebel, M Pohl
Prolonged weaning of patients with neurological or neurosurgery disorders is associated with specific characteristics, which are taken into account by the German Society for Neurorehabilitation (DGNR) in its own guideline. The current S2k guideline of the German Society for Pneumology and Respiratory Medicine is referred to explicitly with regard to definitions (e.g., weaning and weaning failure), weaning categories, pathophysiology of weaning failure, and general weaning strategies. In early neurological and neurosurgery rehabilitation, patients with central of respiratory regulation disturbances (e...
May 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474122/survey-on-current-cognitive-practices-within-the-european-low-grade-glioma-network-towards-a-european-assessment-protocol
#6
Adrià Rofes, Emmanuel Mandonnet, John Godden, Marie Hélène Baron, Henry Colle, Amelie Darlix, Vânia de Aguiar, Hugues Duffau, Guillaume Herbet, Martin Klein, Vincent Lubrano, Juan Martino, Ryan Mathew, Gabriele Miceli, Sylvie Moritz-Gasser, Johan Pallud, Costanza Papagno, Fabien Rech, Erik Robert, Geert-Jan Rutten, Thomas Santarius, Djaina Satoer, Joanna Sierpowska, Anja Smits, Miran Skrap, Giannantonio Spena, Evy Visch, Elke De Witte, Maria Zetterling, Michel Wager
BACKGROUND: The European Low-Grade Glioma network indicated a need to better understand common practices regarding the managing of diffuse low-grade gliomas. This area has experienced great advances in recent years. METHOD: A general survey on the managing of diffuse low-grade gliomas was answered by 21 centres in 11 European countries. Here we focused on specific questions regarding perioperative and intraoperative cognitive assessments. RESULTS: More centres referred to the same speech and language therapist and/or neuropsychologist across all assessments; a core of assessment tools was routinely used across centres; fluency tasks were commonly used in the perioperative stages, and object naming during surgery; tasks that tapped on attention, executive functions, visuospatial awareness, calculation and emotions were sparsely administered; preoperative assessments were performed 1 month or 1 week before surgery; timing for postoperative assessments varied; finally, more centres recommended early rehabilitation, whenever needed...
May 4, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453603/the-effect-of-insomnia-on-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-comorbid-symptoms-of-pain-fatigue-and-mood-disorders
#7
Julie Aasvik, Tore C Stiles, Astrid Woodhouse, Petter Borchgrevink, Nils Inge Landrø
Objectives: To examine if elevated symptoms of insomnia affects neuropsychological functioning in patients with concurrent symptoms of pain, fatigue, and mood disorders. Methods and results: A total of seventy-six subjects participated in this (cross-sectional) study. Based on the cut-off score guidelines from The Insomnia Severity Index subjects were assigned to either a clinical insomnia group (N = 35) or a comparison group (N = 41). Factors such as age, general cognitive functioning, and symptoms of pain, fatigue, depression, and anxiety did not differ between the groups...
April 27, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452596/assessment-trends-among-neuropsychologists-conducting-sport-related-concussion-evaluations
#8
Brittany C LeMonda, Danny Tam, William B Barr, Laura A Rabin
Neuropsychologists regularly conduct sport-related concussion (SRC) evaluations, although research has not tracked these assessment practices. As part of a survey of neuropsychological test usage, we analyzed data from 215 neuropsychologists who conduct SRC evaluations. Only 15% reported conducting baseline assessments of athletes as part of a sports program and 92% evaluate athletes' post-concussion without baseline data. The majority of respondents use a full battery, considered the most reliable approach for assessing concussion symptoms in athletes...
2017: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431032/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#9
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Objective: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. Method: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. Results: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429633/the-reliability-of-multidimensional-neuropsychological-measures-from-alpha-to-omega
#10
Marley W Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that Coefficient omega, a model-based estimate, is more a more appropriate index of reliability than coefficient alpha for the multidimensional scales that are commonly employed by neuropsychologists. METHOD: As an illustration, a structural model of an overarching general factor and four first-order factors for the WAIS-IV based on the standardization sample of 2200 participants was identified and omega coefficients were subsequently computed for WAIS-IV composite scores...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406393/is-medical-environment-detrimental-to-memory-a-test-of-a-white-coat-effect-on-older-people-s-memory-performance
#11
Morgane Schlemmer, Olivier Desrichard
OBJECTIVES: Test if older people's memory assessment may be impacted by a medical environment and if memory self-efficacy (MSE) will moderate this effect. METHODS: We evaluated memory performance and MSE in 27 older adults in two different settings: a (control) university research environment, or a (proxy-medical) neuropsychological examination environment. RESULTS: The results showed a MSE × environment interaction effect on story-recall performance, with older people with low MSE performing less well in the proxy-medical situation than in the control situation and with elders with high MSE performing better in the proxy-medical situation than in the control situation...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397546/measuring-cognitive-change-with-impact-the-aggregate-baseline-approach
#12
Jared M Bruce, Ruben J Echemendia, Willem Meeuwisse, Michael G Hutchison, Mark Aubry, Paul Comper
OBJECTIVE: The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) is commonly used to assess baseline and post-injury cognition among athletes in North America. Despite this, several studies have questioned the reliability of ImPACT when given at intervals employed in clinical practice. Poor test-retest reliability reduces test sensitivity to cognitive decline, increasing the likelihood that concussed athletes will be returned to play prematurely. We recently showed that the reliability of ImPACT can be increased when using a new composite structure and the aggregate of two baselines to predict subsequent performance...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391739/taxonomy-for-education-and-training-in-clinical-neuropsychology-past-present-and-future
#13
Scott A Sperling, Cynthia R Cimino, Nikki H Stricker, Amy K Heffelfinger, Jennifer L Gess, Katie E Osborn, Brad L Roper
OBJECTIVE: Historically, the clinical neuropsychology training community has not clearly or consistently defined education or training opportunities. The lack of consistency has limited students' and trainees' ability to accurately assess and compare the intensity of neuropsychology-specific training provided by programs. To address these issues and produce greater 'truth in advertising' across programs, CNS, with SCN's Education Advisory Committee (EAC), ADECN, AITCN, and APPCN constructed a specialty-specific taxonomy, namely, the Taxonomy for Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383636/reliable-change-on-memory-tests-is-common-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#14
Brian L Brooks, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
Objective: Neuropsychologists interpret a large number of scores in their assessments, including numerous retest scores to determine change over time. The rate at which healthy children and adolescents obtain reliably improved or declined memory scores when retested has yet to be explored. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the prevalence of reliable change scores on memory test batteries in healthy children and adolescents. Methods: Participants were children and adolescents from test-retest samples from two published memory test batteries (ChAMP and CMS)...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364295/objective-assessment-of-visual-pursuit-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-an-exploratory-study
#15
Sarah Wannez, Thomas Hoyoux, Thomas Langohr, Olivier Bodart, Charlotte Martial, Jérôme Wertz, Camille Chatelle, Jacques G Verly, Steven Laureys
Visual pursuit is a key marker of residual consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Currently, its assessment relies on subjective clinical decisions. In this study, we explore the variability of such clinical assessments, and present an easy-to-use device composed of cameras and video processing algorithms that could help the clinician to improve the detection of visual pursuit in a clinical context. Visual pursuit was assessed by an experienced research neuropsychologist on 31 patients with DOC and on 23 healthy subjects, while the device was used to simultaneously record videos of both one eye and the mirror...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361565/education-training-and-practice-among-nordic-neuropsychologists-results-from-a-professional-practices-survey
#16
A Norup, J Egeland, M Løvstad, T Nybo, B A Persson, D Rivera, A-K Schanke, S Sigurdardottir, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries. METHODS: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015. RESULTS: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47 years (range 24-79)...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359749/effect-of-long-term-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-with-or-without-multidomain-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-elderly-adults-with-memory-complaints-mapt-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandrine Andrieu, Sophie Guyonnet, Nicola Coley, Christelle Cantet, Marc Bonnefoy, Serge Bordes, Lawrence Bories, Marie-Noëlle Cufi, Thierry Dantoine, Jean-François Dartigues, Françoise Desclaux, Audrey Gabelle, Yannick Gasnier, Alain Pesce, Kristel Sudres, Jacques Touchon, Philippe Robert, Olivier Rouaud, Philippe Legrand, Pierre Payoux, Jean-Paul Caubere, Michael Weiner, Isabelle Carrié, Pierre-Jean Ousset, Bruno Vellas
BACKGROUND: No large trials have been done to investigate the efficacy of an intervention combining a specific compound and several lifestyle interventions compared with placebo for the prevention of cognitive decline. We tested the effect of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and a multidomain intervention (physical activity, cognitive training, and nutritional advice), alone or in combination, compared with placebo, on cognitive decline. METHODS: The Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled superiority trial with four parallel groups at 13 memory centres in France and Monaco...
May 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#18
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322777/preeclampsia-and-cognitive-impairment-later-in-life
#19
Julie A Fields, Vesna D Garovic, Michelle M Mielke, Kejal Kantarci, Muthuvel Jayachandran, Wendy M White, Alissa M Butts, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Brian D Lahr, Kent R Bailey, Virginia M Miller
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment. Women with hypertensive episodes during pregnancy report variable neurocognitive changes within the first decade following the affected pregnancy. However, long-term follow-up of these women into their postmenopausal years has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether women with a history of preeclampsia were at increased risk of cognitive decline 35-40 years after the affected pregnancy...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315038/the-mirror-neuron-system-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-low-disability
#20
Julio Plata-Bello, Yaiza Pérez-Martín, Abril Castañón-Pérez, Cristián Modroño, Helga Fariña, Estefanía Hernández-Martín, Montserrat González-Platas, Francisco Marcano, José Luis González-Mora
To study the visuospatial/visuoperceptive function using a mirror neuron system (MNS) based approach in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and a healthy control group. Two task-based fMRIs (an execution task and an observation task) and one resting-fMRI were performed in a group of MS patients (n = 24) and a group of healthy controls (n = 15). The execution and observation tasks consisted of the performance or observation of the index-thumb opposition task. Statistical parametric mapping approaches were used to identify differences in the brain activity and functional connectivity (FC) of the MNS between MS patients and healthy controls...
March 17, 2017: Brain Topography
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