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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911004/a-comparison-of-the-neuropsychological-profiles-of-people-living-in-squalor-without-hoarding-to-those-living-in-squalor-associated-with-hoarding
#1
Sook Meng Lee, Matthew Lewis, Deborah Leighton, Ben Harris, Brian Long, Stephen Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: Squalor affects 1 in 1000 older people and is regarded as a secondary condition to other primary disorders such as dementia, intellectual impairment and alcohol abuse. Squalor frequently is associated with hoarding behaviour. We compared the neuropsychological profile of people living in squalor associated with hoarding to those presenting with squalor only. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series of hospital inpatient and community healthcare services of 69 people living in squalor (49 from aged care, 16 from aged psychiatry, 3 from acute medical and 1 from a memory clinic)...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892809/civil-capacity-in-transition-age-youth-with-history-of-central-nervous-system-compromise-a-review
#2
Jacobus Donders
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to review various aspects of decision-making capacities in children and adolescents with a history of central nervous system compromise over the course of development and into transition to adulthood. METHOD: The literature on consent capacity in various domains is reviewed, with reference to state-specific legal definitions and requirements, and illustrated with a case example. CONCLUSIONS: Neuropsychologists who use an evidence-based assessment approach, and who can clearly communicate their findings in reference to specific probate court standards, can make a unique contribution to the legal system while serving their clients who are transitioning from adolescence into adulthood...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805429/effects-of-handcuffs-on-neuropsychological-testing-implications-for-criminal-forensic-evaluations
#3
Christine M Biddle, Rachel L Fazio, Fiona Dyshniku, Robert L Denney
Neuropsychological evaluations are increasingly performed in forensic contexts, including in criminal settings where security sometimes cannot be compromised to facilitate evaluation according to standardized procedures. Interpretation of nonstandardized assessment results poses significant challenges for the neuropsychologist. Research is limited in regard to the validation of neuropsychological test accommodation and modification practices that deviate from standard test administration; there is no published research regarding the effects of hand restraints upon neuropsychological evaluation results...
November 2, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789949/managing-drug-resistant-epilepsy-challenges-and-solutions
#4
REVIEW
Linda Dalic, Mark J Cook
Despite the development of new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), ~20%-30% of people with epilepsy remain refractory to treatment and are said to have drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). This multifaceted condition comprises intractable seizures, neurobiochemical changes, cognitive decline, and psychosocial dysfunction. An ongoing challenge to both researchers and clinicians alike, DRE management is complicated by the heterogeneity among this patient group. The underlying mechanism of DRE is not completely understood. Many hypotheses exist, and relate to both the intrinsic characteristics of the particular epilepsy (associated syndrome/lesion, initial response to AED, and the number and type of seizures prior to diagnosis) and other pharmacological mechanisms of resistance...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789443/brain-network-theory-can-predict-whether-neuropsychological-outcomes-will-differ-from-clinical-expectations
#5
David E Warren, Natalie L Denburg, Jonathan D Power, Joel Bruss, Eric J Waldron, Haoxin Sun, Steve E Petersen, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: Theories of brain-network organization based on neuroimaging data have burgeoned in recent years, but the predictive power of such theories for cognition and behavior has only rarely been examined. Here, predictions from clinical neuropsychologists about the cognitive profiles of patients with focal brain lesions were used to evaluate a brain-network theory (Warren et al., 2014). METHOD: Neuropsychologists made predictions regarding the neuropsychological profiles of a neurological patient sample (N = 30) based on lesion location...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779445/determining-cannabis-use-status-from-a-photograph-an-assessment-of-the-jay-dar-in-neuropsychologists
#6
Rayna B Hirst, Anna M Teague, Louise M Sodos, Robert E Wickham, L Taighlor Whittington, Brent M Mills, Mitch Earleywine
BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the cognitive effects of chronic cannabis use utilize research designs where examiners are blind to user status. Even in those that do, researchers may be able to guess the user status of participants, leaving these studies vulnerable to the expectancy effect confound. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the ability of neuropsychologists (those who would conduct research on the cognitive effects of cannabis) to differentiate cannabis users and nonusers based on physical appearance from photographs...
October 25, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774584/montefiore-einstein-center-for-the-aging-brain-preliminary-data
#7
Joe Verghese, Rubina Malik, Jessica Zwerling
Given the multifaceted nature of dementia care management, an interdisciplinary comprehensive clinical approach is necessary. We describe our one-year experience with outpatient based dementia care at the Montefiore-Einstein Center for the Aging Brain (CAB) involving an multispecialty team of geriatricians, neurologists, and neuropsychologists, supported by geriatric psychiatrists, physiatrists, and social services. The goals of the CAB is to maximize dementia outcomes, including regular monitoring of patient's health and cognition, education and support to patients, their families and caregivers; initiation of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments as appropriate, and the facilitation of access to clinical trials...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767896/international-perspectives-on-education-training-and-practice-in-clinical-neuropsychology-comparison-across-14-countries-around-the-world
#8
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748144/comparison-of-self-reported-and-informant-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-an-outpatient-neuropsychology-clinic-sample
#9
Matthew Calamia, John P K Bernstein
INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms are common in patients assessed by neuropsychologists, and these symptoms can have an effect on cognitive functioning. Discrepancies between patient- and informant-reported depressive symptoms have been found in some diagnostic groups, raising concerns as to the value of assessing depressive symptoms via self-report alone. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these discrepancies and cognitive functioning in a heterogeneous outpatient neuropsychological sample...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737853/brain-network-architecture-and-global-intelligence-in-children-with-focal-epilepsy
#10
M J Paldino, F Golriz, M L Chapieski, W Zhang, Z D Chu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The biologic basis for intelligence rests to a large degree on the capacity for efficient integration of information across the cerebral network. We aimed to measure the relationship between network architecture and intelligence in the pediatric, epileptic brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were retrospectively identified with the following: 1) focal epilepsy; 2) brain MR imaging at 3T, including resting-state functional MR imaging; and 3) full-scale intelligence quotient measured by a pediatric neuropsychologist...
October 13, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724157/neuropsychological-functioning-in-preschool-aged-children-undergoing-evaluation-for-organ-transplant
#11
Tanya N Antonini, Stacey S Beer, Tamir Miloh, William J Dreyer, Susan E Caudle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the current literature on neuropsychological functioning in two groups of children requiring organ transplants (liver or heart) and present recent clinical data collected through the liver and cardiac transplantation programs at a large pediatric academic medical center. METHOD: Data included in this study came from 18 patients who completed evaluations for heart transplant (n = 8) or liver transplant (n = 10) between the ages of 2 and 6 years (inclusive)...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723495/semiological-classification-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#12
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Jennifer Tinker, Elizabeth Fletman
PURPOSE: We classified patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) according to a newly proposed classification system. Then, we investigated the demographic and clinical differences between various classes of the patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated all patients with PNESs admitted to the Jefferson Comprehensive Epilepsy Center from 2012 through 2016. We classified the patients into four distinct classes: patients with generalized motor seizures, patients with akinetic seizures, patients with focal motor seizures, and patients with seizures with subjective symptoms...
October 7, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693851/behavioral-facilitation-after-hippocampal-lesion-a-review
#13
REVIEW
R K W Schwarting, S Busse
When parts of the brain suffer from damage, certain functional deficits or impairments are the expected and typical outcome. A myriad of examples show such negative consequences, which afford the daily tasks of neurologists, neuropsychologists, and also behavioral neuroscientists working with experimental brain lesions. Compared to lesion-induced deficits, examples for functional enhancements or facilitation after brain lesions are rather rare and usually not well studied. Here, the mammalian hippocampus seems to provide an exception, since substantial evidence shows that its damage can have facilitatory behavioral effects under certain conditions...
September 28, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685437/neuropsychology-in-india
#14
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685253/neuropsychology-in-japan-history-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#15
Maiko Sakamoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this special issue was to describe the cross-cultural differences in neuropsychology throughout the world. The current state of neuropsychology in Japan is discussed in this manuscript. METHOD: Information on six topics, including (1) the history of Japanese neuropsychology, (2) licensure system, (3) job opportunities, (4) neuropsychological clinical services, (5) neuropsychological tests, and (6) neuropsychological research, was gathered via literature searches, official organization websites, and personal communication with clinical psychologists and other professionals in Japan...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684948/past-present-and-future-of-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#16
Alberto Luis Fernandez, Aldo Ferreres, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, current situation, and future challenges of Argentinian neuropsychology. METHOD: A brief historical description highlighting the most representative authors and publications is made. In addition, a survey was administered to a sample of 135 neuropsychologists practicing neuropsychology in Argentina. The survey explored the current neuropsychological practices among the respondents. RESULTS: Results show that most Argentinian neuropsychologists are: psychologists, women, and work in the clinical field in the country's major cities...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684724/neuropsychology-in-finland-over-30%C3%A2-years-of-systematically-trained-clinical-practice
#17
Laura Hokkanen, Taina Nybo, Erja Poutiainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this invited paper for a special issue of international practice in The Clinical Neuropsychologist is to provide information on training models, clinical practice, and professional issues within neuropsychology in Finland. METHOD: Relevant information was gathered via literature searches, a survey by the Neuropsychology Working Group of the Finnish Psychological Association, archives of the Finnish Neuropsychological Society, and personal communication with professionals in Finland...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684572/development-and-application-of-neuropsychology-in-hong-kong-implications-of-its-value-and-future-advancement
#18
Agnes S Chan, Sophia L Sze, Mei-Chun Cheung, Yvonne M Y Han
OBJECTIVE: To review the development, application, and value of neuropsychology, and the standard education and training pathway for neuropsychologists or clinical neuropsychologists in Hong Kong. METHOD: The information provided here was gathered via a literature review of the status of neuropsychology and the validity of commonly adopted neuropsychological tests in Hong Kong. Additional details were acquired via the internet about local tertiary education curricula and the related requirements, the availability of professional associations for licensure or board certification, and relevant statistics/surveys conducted by the government...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684501/the-practice-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-australia
#19
Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development and practice of clinical neuropsychology in Australia. METHOD: Clinical Neuropsychology has shown rapid growth in Australia over the past three decades. Comprehensive and specialized training programs are producing high quality graduates who are employed in a broad range of settings or private practice. RESULTS: Australia now has a substantial number of clinical neuropsychologists with specialist training...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684307/clinical-neuropsychology-practice-and-training-in-canada
#20
Laura A Janzen, Sharon Guger
OBJECTIVE: This invited paper provides information about professional neuropsychology issues in Canada and is part of a special issue addressing international perspectives on education, training, and practice in clinical neuropsychology. METHOD: Information was gathered from literature searches and personal communication with other neuropsychologists in Canada. RESULTS: Canada has a rich neuropsychological history. Neuropsychologists typically have doctoral-level education including relevant coursework and supervised practical experience...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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