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Neuropsychologist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431032/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#1
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Objective: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. Method: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. Results: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429633/the-reliability-of-multidimensional-neuropsychological-measures-from-alpha-to-omega
#2
Marley W Watkins
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that Coefficient omega, a model-based estimate, is more a more appropriate index of reliability than coefficient alpha for the multidimensional scales that are commonly employed by neuropsychologists. METHOD: As an illustration, a structural model of an overarching general factor and four first-order factors for the WAIS-IV based on the standardization sample of 2200 participants was identified and omega coefficients were subsequently computed for WAIS-IV composite scores...
April 21, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406393/is-medical-environment-detrimental-to-memory-a-test-of-a-white-coat-effect-on-older-people-s-memory-performance
#3
Morgane Schlemmer, Olivier Desrichard
OBJECTIVES: Test if older people's memory assessment may be impacted by a medical environment and if memory self-efficacy (MSE) will moderate this effect. METHODS: We evaluated memory performance and MSE in 27 older adults in two different settings: a (control) university research environment, or a (proxy-medical) neuropsychological examination environment. RESULTS: The results showed a MSE × environment interaction effect on story-recall performance, with older people with low MSE performing less well in the proxy-medical situation than in the control situation and with elders with high MSE performing better in the proxy-medical situation than in the control situation...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397546/measuring-cognitive-change-with-impact-the-aggregate-baseline-approach
#4
Jared M Bruce, Ruben J Echemendia, Willem Meeuwisse, Michael G Hutchison, Mark Aubry, Paul Comper
OBJECTIVE: The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) is commonly used to assess baseline and post-injury cognition among athletes in North America. Despite this, several studies have questioned the reliability of ImPACT when given at intervals employed in clinical practice. Poor test-retest reliability reduces test sensitivity to cognitive decline, increasing the likelihood that concussed athletes will be returned to play prematurely. We recently showed that the reliability of ImPACT can be increased when using a new composite structure and the aggregate of two baselines to predict subsequent performance...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391739/taxonomy-for-education-and-training-in-clinical-neuropsychology-past-present-and-future
#5
Scott A Sperling, Cynthia R Cimino, Nikki H Stricker, Amy K Heffelfinger, Jennifer L Gess, Katie E Osborn, Brad L Roper
OBJECTIVE: Historically, the clinical neuropsychology training community has not clearly or consistently defined education or training opportunities. The lack of consistency has limited students' and trainees' ability to accurately assess and compare the intensity of neuropsychology-specific training provided by programs. To address these issues and produce greater 'truth in advertising' across programs, CNS, with SCN's Education Advisory Committee (EAC), ADECN, AITCN, and APPCN constructed a specialty-specific taxonomy, namely, the Taxonomy for Education and Training in Clinical Neuropsychology...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383636/reliable-change-on-memory-tests-is-common-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#6
Brian L Brooks, James A Holdnack, Grant L Iverson
Objective: Neuropsychologists interpret a large number of scores in their assessments, including numerous retest scores to determine change over time. The rate at which healthy children and adolescents obtain reliably improved or declined memory scores when retested has yet to be explored. The purpose of this study was to illustrate the prevalence of reliable change scores on memory test batteries in healthy children and adolescents. Methods: Participants were children and adolescents from test-retest samples from two published memory test batteries (ChAMP and CMS)...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364295/objective-assessment-of-visual-pursuit-in-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-an-exploratory-study
#7
Sarah Wannez, Thomas Hoyoux, Thomas Langohr, Olivier Bodart, Charlotte Martial, Jérôme Wertz, Camille Chatelle, Jacques G Verly, Steven Laureys
Visual pursuit is a key marker of residual consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Currently, its assessment relies on subjective clinical decisions. In this study, we explore the variability of such clinical assessments, and present an easy-to-use device composed of cameras and video processing algorithms that could help the clinician to improve the detection of visual pursuit in a clinical context. Visual pursuit was assessed by an experienced research neuropsychologist on 31 patients with DOC and on 23 healthy subjects, while the device was used to simultaneously record videos of both one eye and the mirror...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361565/education-training-and-practice-among-nordic-neuropsychologists-results-from-a-professional-practices-survey
#8
A Norup, J Egeland, M Løvstad, T Nybo, B A Persson, D Rivera, A-K Schanke, S Sigurdardottir, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sociodemographic characteristics, clinical and academic training, work setting and salary, clinical activities, and salary and job satisfaction among practicing neuropsychologists in four Nordic countries. METHODS: 890 neuropsychologists from Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden participated in an internet-based survey between December 2013 and June 2015. RESULTS: Three-fourths (76%) of the participants were women, with a mean age of 47 years (range 24-79)...
March 31, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359749/effect-of-long-term-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-with-or-without-multidomain-intervention-on-cognitive-function-in-elderly-adults-with-memory-complaints-mapt-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sandrine Andrieu, Sophie Guyonnet, Nicola Coley, Christelle Cantet, Marc Bonnefoy, Serge Bordes, Lawrence Bories, Marie-Noëlle Cufi, Thierry Dantoine, Jean-François Dartigues, Françoise Desclaux, Audrey Gabelle, Yannick Gasnier, Alain Pesce, Kristel Sudres, Jacques Touchon, Philippe Robert, Olivier Rouaud, Philippe Legrand, Pierre Payoux, Jean-Paul Caubere, Michael Weiner, Isabelle Carrié, Pierre-Jean Ousset, Bruno Vellas
BACKGROUND: No large trials have been done to investigate the efficacy of an intervention combining a specific compound and several lifestyle interventions compared with placebo for the prevention of cognitive decline. We tested the effect of omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation and a multidomain intervention (physical activity, cognitive training, and nutritional advice), alone or in combination, compared with placebo, on cognitive decline. METHODS: The Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled superiority trial with four parallel groups at 13 memory centres in France and Monaco...
May 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329818/elder-fraud-and-financial-exploitation-application-of-routine-activity-theory
#10
Marguerite DeLiema
Background and Objectives: Elder financial exploitation, committed by individuals in positions of trust, and elder fraud, committed by predatory strangers, are two forms of financial victimization that target vulnerable older adults. This study analyzes differences between fraud and financial exploitation victims and tests routine activity theory as a contextual model for victimization. Routine activity theory predicts that criminal opportunities arise when a motivated offender and suitable target meet in the absence of capable guardians...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322777/preeclampsia-and-cognitive-impairment-later-in-life
#11
Julie A Fields, Vesna D Garovic, Michelle M Mielke, Kejal Kantarci, Muthuvel Jayachandran, Wendy M White, Alissa M Butts, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Brian D Lahr, Kent R Bailey, Virginia M Miller
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment. Women with hypertensive episodes during pregnancy report variable neurocognitive changes within the first decade following the affected pregnancy. However, long-term follow-up of these women into their postmenopausal years has not been conducted. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether women with a history of preeclampsia were at increased risk of cognitive decline 35-40 years after the affected pregnancy...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315038/the-mirror-neuron-system-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-low-disability
#12
Julio Plata-Bello, Yaiza Pérez-Martín, Abril Castañón-Pérez, Cristián Modroño, Helga Fariña, Estefanía Hernández-Martín, Montserrat González-Platas, Francisco Marcano, José Luis González-Mora
To study the visuospatial/visuoperceptive function using a mirror neuron system (MNS) based approach in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and a healthy control group. Two task-based fMRIs (an execution task and an observation task) and one resting-fMRI were performed in a group of MS patients (n = 24) and a group of healthy controls (n = 15). The execution and observation tasks consisted of the performance or observation of the index-thumb opposition task. Statistical parametric mapping approaches were used to identify differences in the brain activity and functional connectivity (FC) of the MNS between MS patients and healthy controls...
March 17, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291039/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-scientific-basis-and-clinical-application-a-brief-review
#13
Michael R Greher, Thomas R Wodushek
Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289791/-predictors-of-cognitive-outcome-in-ventilated-early-rehabilitation-patients
#14
M-D Heidler, L Bidu, H Völler, A Salzwedel
BACKGROUND: After weaning failure, patients who are transferred from intensive care units to early rehabilitation centers (ERC) not only suffer from motor deficits but also from cognitive deficits. It is still uncertain which patient factors have an impact on cognitive outcome at the end of early rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: Investigation of predictors of cognitive performance for initially ventilated early rehabilitation patients. METHODS: A total of 301 patients (mean age 68...
March 13, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259513/harnessing-neuroimaging-capability-in-pediatric-stroke-proceedings-of-the-stroke-imaging-laboratory-for-children%C3%A2-workshop
#15
REVIEW
Nomazulu Dlamini, Max Wintermark, Heather Fullerton, Stephen Strother, Wayne Lee, Bruce Bjornson, Kristin P Guilliams, Steven Miller, Adam Kirton, Christopher G Filippi, Alexandra Linds, Rand Askalan, Gabrielle deVeber
On June 5, 2015 the International Pediatric Stroke Study and the Stroke Imaging Laboratory for Children cohosted a unique workshop focused on developing neuroimaging research in pediatric stroke. Pediatric neurologists, neuroradiologists, interventional neuroradiologists, physicists, nurse practitioners, neuropsychologists, and imaging research scientists from around the world attended this one-day meeting. Our objectives were to (1) establish a group of experts to collaborate in advancing pediatric neuroimaging for stroke, (2) develop consensus clinical and research magnetic resonance imaging protocols for pediatric stroke patients, and (3) develop imaging-based research strategies in pediatric ischemic stroke...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152984/rationale-for-and-design-of-the-posta-study-evaluation-of-neurocognitive-outcomes-after-immediate-adenotonsillectomy-compared-to-watchful-waiting-in-preschool-children
#16
Karen A Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
BACKGROUND: IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes after adenotonsillectomy in the pre-school age-group. This randomised control trial (RCT) will primarily determine whether adenotonsillectomy improves IQ compared to no adenotonsillectomy after 12 months, in preschool (3-5 year-old) children with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: This protocol is for an ongoing multi-centred RCT with a recruitment target of 210 subjects (105 in each arm)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#17
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120089/awake-craniotomy-for-tumor-resection-further-optimizing-therapy-of-brain-tumors
#18
H Maximilian Mehdorn, Felix Schwartz, Juliane Becker
In recent years more and more data have emerged linking the most radical resection to prolonged survival in patients harboring brain tumors. Since total tumor resection could increase postoperative morbidity, many methods have been suggested to reduce the risk of postoperative neurological deficits: awake craniotomy with the possibility of continuous patient-surgeon communication is one of the possibilities of finding out how radical a tumor resection can possibly be without causing permanent harm to the patient...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115326/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#19
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. METHOD: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. RESULTS: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
January 22, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092209/executive-function-is-an-important-consideration-for-coping-strategy-use-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
INTRODUCTION: Executive function deficits are prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), and PwMS use less adaptive coping than healthy controls. This cross-sectional study assessed whether there is a relationship between executive function and coping in PwMS. METHOD: One hundred and seven participants with relapsing remitting or secondary progressive MS (n = 83 and 24, respectively; age M = 48.8 ± 11.1 years) completed measures of coping and executive function...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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