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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766386/cognitive-assessment-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-italian-consensus
#1
Maria Pia Amato, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Monica Falautano, Angelo Ghezzi, Benedetta Goretti, Francesco Patti, Alice Riccardi, Flavia Mattioli
The aim of this consensus paper was to define the state of the art on cognitive assessment of persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), with the purpose of providing recommendations for the Italian centers involved in MS management. While there are no formal guidelines published regarding the assessment of cognitive function in MS, on the basis of an expert opinion meeting, held in Milan (Italy) on July 4, 2016, we report the recommendations of a panel of Italian experts including MS neurologists and neuropsychologists for the assessment and follow-up of cognitive function in adult MS subjects...
May 15, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764297/identifying-dyslexia-risk-for-sport-related-concussion-management-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-self-report-and-rapid-naming
#2
Rebecca Wiseheart, Robin Wellington
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability and studies have shown that student-athletes with learning disabilities sustain more concussions than their non-affected peers. However, current methods of dyslexia identification in college students are potentially invalid because they rely on students to self-report formal dyslexia diagnoses. METHODS: To test the accuracy of self-report against two alternative methods of dyslexia screening, 94 college students completed three dyslexia symptom inventories, two rapid naming (RAN) tasks, and a standard word reading measure...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761877/diagnostic-accuracy-of-new-and-old-cognitive-screening-tools-for-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders
#3
M Trunfio, D Vai, C Montrucchio, C Alcantarini, A Livelli, M C Tettoni, G Orofino, S Audagnotto, D Imperiale, S Bonora, G Di Perri, A Calcagno
OBJECTIVES: Considering the similarities between HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) and neurodegenerative dementias and the frequency of executive dysfunctions among HIV-positive patients, we evaluated the accuracy of the Frontal Assessment Battery and Clock-Drawing Test together with the Three Questions Test and International HIV Dementia Scale to screen for HAND. METHODS: A cross-sectional monocentric study was conducted from 2010 to 2017. The index tests were represented by the four screening tools; the reference standard was represented by a comprehensive neurocognitive battery used to investigate 10 cognitive domains...
May 15, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750338/influence-of-contraindicated-medication-use-on-cognitive-outcome-in-dravet-syndrome-and-age-at-first-afebrile-seizure-as-a-clinical-predictor-in-scn1a-related-seizure-phenotypes
#4
Iris M de Lange, Boudewijn Gunning, Anja C M Sonsma, Lisette van Gemert, Marjan van Kempen, Nienke E Verbeek, Joost Nicolai, Nine V A M Knoers, Bobby P C Koeleman, Eva H Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic variants in SCN1A can give rise to extremely variable disease severities that may be indistinguishable at their first presentation. We aim to find clinical features that can help predict the evolution of seizures into Dravet syndrome and clinical features that predict cognitive outcome in Dravet syndrome. We specifically investigate the role of contraindicated medication (CIM) as a possible modifier of cognitive decline. METHODS: A cohort of 164 Dutch participants with SCN1A-related seizures was evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741557/presidential-address-national-academy-of-neuropsychology-conference-boston-2017
#5
John E Meyers
This presidential address attempts to predict the future directions of neuropsychology. Predicting the future is always a difficult thing. By examining population trends such as aging and demographics, a clearer picture becomes visible. The population is getting older and more ethnically diverse. Also, examination of the spending trends in health care indicates that neuropsychology needs to be able to adapt to working with larger population-based patient care as well as individual patient care. Shifts in the demographics of neuropsychology, in that the profession previously was 70% male dominate and now is >70% female dominant are also discussed...
May 5, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718086/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-neuropsychology-practices-in-integrated-care-teams
#6
Joanne R Festa
This special issue on neuropsychology practices in integrated healthcare teams demonstrates how neuropsychologists have transformed their practices in an evolving healthcare landscape. These contributions are an overview of the many ways in which neuropsychologists function in integrated care teams. The experiences of integrated neuropsychologists serve as a model for those seeking new practice opportunities by providing highly practical, clinically relevant information. Included in this volume are articles on education and reimbursement issues, information about clinical practices that address diagnostic issues, prognostics and clinical management, as well as surgical treatment planning and outcome prediction...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718084/integration-of-neuropsychology-in-primary-care
#7
Margaret Lanca
The field of neuropsychology is making inroads in primary care as the importance of cognition in physical health is increasingly acknowledged. With neuropsychology primary care integration, patients receive a range of cognitive assessments (e.g., screens, brief neuropsychological assessments, treatment recommendations through provider-to-neuropsychologist consultations) based on a stepped model of care which can more efficiently diagnose cognitive disorders/problems and assist with treatment. Two case studies are described to illuminate this process...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718083/neuropsychology-within-a-tertiary-care-epilepsy-center
#8
Chris E Morrison, William S MacAllister, William B Barr
Epilepsy is a prevalent condition characterized by variations in its clinical presentation, etiology, and amenability to treatment. Through history, neuropsychologists have played a significant role in performing research studies on changes in language, memory, and executive functioning in patients with epilepsy, including those undergoing surgical treatment for medically refractory seizures. These studies provided a foundation for establishing neuropsychologists as critical members of interdisciplinary clinical teams specializing in evaluation and treatment of epilepsy...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718082/integration-of-neuropsychological-services-in-a-va-hiv-primary-care-clinic
#9
Moira C Dux, Terry Lee-Wilk
The Department of Veteran Affairs (VA) is the largest health care provider for individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with >28,000 Veterans with HIV/AIDS enrolled in care. Advances in medical treatment have improved the life-limiting effects of the disease, though many chronic symptoms persist. Comprehensive care is critical to manage the diverse constellation of symptoms. However, many patients face challenges to receiving optimal care due to limited resources, mistrust of health care providers, and/or co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718081/neuropsychological-practice-in-the-oncology-setting
#10
Kyle R Noll, Mariana E Bradshaw, Jennie Rexer, Jeffrey S Wefel
Oncology has experienced positive shifts in survival curves for many cancers largely due to the development of earlier diagnostics and better therapeutics. This has increased the visibility and need for survivorship services, including clinical neuropsychology. Patients with cancer frequently experience cognitive dysfunction related to the presence of cancer itself and treatment neurotoxicity. These cognitive difficulties can profoundly impact patient functioning and autonomy with accompanying declines in quality of life...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718080/the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist-on-a-movement-disorders-deep-brain-stimulation-team
#11
Cynthia S Kubu
The term movement disorders is misleading in the implication that the symptoms are limited to motor problems. Most movement disorders include a variety of neurobehavioral and neurocognitive symptoms that require neuropsychological expertise. The goal of this paper is to provide a rationale and practical roadmap for neuropsychologists' involvement in a Movement Disorders team with a specific focus on pre-operative deep brain stimulation (DBS) evaluations. Pragmatic recommendations regarding requisite skills, clinical practice, recommendations, communication, and benefits are outlined...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718079/the-integrated-care-team-approach-of-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-va-geriatric-primary-care
#12
Donna Rasin-Waters, Valerie Abel, Lisa K Kearney, Antonette Zeiss
Historically, integrated mental and behavioral healthcare in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) commenced with initiatives in geriatrics. Innovation and system-wide expansion has occurred over decades and culminated in a unified vision for training and practice in the VA medical home model: Patient Aligned Care Team or PACT approach. In one VA hospital, the integration of neuropsychological services in geriatric primary care is pivotal and increases access for patients, as well as contributing to timely and effective care on an interprofessional team...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718078/neuropsychology-in-a-memory-disorder-clinic
#13
Robert A Ruchinskas, C Munro Cullum
The rationale for and factors related to embedding a neuropsychologist in the midst of a neurology-based memory disorder clinic are discussed. Common conditions encountered are briefly reviewed, along with an evaluation aimed at assisting with differential diagnosis. Advice for neuropsychologists is offered in terms of creating and refining a working model in a neurology clinic and strategies to improve communication and effectiveness are presented.
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718076/clinical-neuropsychology-in-integrated-rehabilitation-care-teams
#14
Doug Johnson-Greene
Neuropsychologists have been an integral part of rehabilitation-oriented integrated care teams for some time and they provide care that is complimentary to other specialties, such as rehabilitation psychologists. Neuropsychologists are more likely than other specialties to offer objective cognitive data that includes consideration of emotional and behavioral features when assessing patients who have known or suspected brain injury or illness. Objective cognitive data is then often used for treatment and discharge planning as well as anticipating safety issues and impairment of functional skills...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718075/neuropsychology-in-the-integrated-ms-care-setting
#15
Frederick W Foley, Jeffrey G Portnoy
The goal of this paper is to describe the role of the neuropsychologist in a Multiple Sclerosis clinic setting. A brief overview of the pathophysiology and neuropsychological deficits in MS is presented. Practical details regarding relations with the neurology team, and the neuropsychologist's focus on assessment are described. Recommendations regarding necessary training and skills, as well as typical clinical practice routines are described. The neuropsychologist's communication with internal and external providers and family members in order to assist implementation of recommendations is described...
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710088/safety-of-osteopathic-cranial-manipulative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-conventional-postconcussion-symptom-management-a-pilot-study
#16
Komal G Patel, Rosanna C Sabini
Context: Osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine is not a well-established adjunct to conventional treatment for patients with postconcussion symptoms. Objective: To determine whether adjunctive osteopathic cranial manipulative medicine is safe for patients with concussion when accompanied by conventional treatments. Design: Prospective observational pilot study. Setting: Outpatient concussion clinic. Participants: Patients who sustained a concussion were prospectively recruited from an outpatient concussion clinic by a neuropsychologist specialized in concussion...
April 16, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708011/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-prospective-memory-translating-the-evidence-into-neuropsychological-practice
#17
Glynda J Kinsella, Kerryn E Pike, Marina G Cavuoto, Stephen D Lee
OBJECTIVE: There has been a recent rapid development of research characterizing prospective memory performance in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older age. However, this body of literature remains largely separated from routine clinical practice in neuropsychology. Furthermore, there is emerging evidence of effective interventions to improve prospective memory performance. Therefore, our objective in this article was to offer a clinical neuropsychological perspective on the existing research in order to facilitate the translation of the evidence-base into clinical practice...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600743/what-types-of-recommendations-are-we-giving-patients-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#18
Molly Z Meth, John P K Bernstein, Matthew Calamia, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: To identify types of recommendations that neuropsychologists most frequently give to patients, and determine which specific recommendations are most and least consistently given to patients across and within different diagnostic populations. METHOD: A total of 309 clinical neuropsychologists completed a survey evaluating the frequency with which they made particular types of recommendations (e.g. driving, employment and education, health and rehabilitation referrals) to patients with various disorders (e...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587767/opportunities-in-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-research-outcomes-of-the-hydrocephalus-association-posthemorrhagic-hydrocephalus-workshop
#19
REVIEW
Jenna E Koschnitzky, Richard F Keep, David D Limbrick, James P McAllister, Jill A Morris, Jennifer Strahle, Yun C Yung
The Hydrocephalus Association Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus Workshop was held on July 25 and 26, 2016 at the National Institutes of Health. The workshop brought together a diverse group of researchers including pediatric neurosurgeons, neurologists, and neuropsychologists with scientists in the fields of brain injury and development, cerebrospinal and interstitial fluid dynamics, and the blood-brain and blood-CSF barriers. The goals of the workshop were to identify areas of opportunity in posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus research and encourage scientific collaboration across a diverse set of fields...
March 27, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581009/the-virtual-shop-a-new-immersive-virtual-reality-environment-and-scenario-for-the-assessment-of-everyday-memory
#20
Émilie Ouellet, Benjamin Boller, Nick Corriveau-Lecavalier, Simon Cloutier, Sylvie Belleville
BACKGROUND: Assessing and predicting memory performance in everyday life is a common assignment for neuropsychologists. However, most traditional neuropsychological tasks are not conceived to capture everyday memory performance. NEW METHOD: The Virtual Shop is a fully immersive task developed to assess memory in a more ecological way than traditional neuropsychological assessments. Two studies were undertaken to assess the feasibility of the Virtual Shop and to appraise its ecological and construct validity...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
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