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Treatment for patellar tendonitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601942/anatomic-reconstruction-of-the-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-in-children-and-adolescents-using-a-pedicled-quadriceps-tendon-graft-shows-favourable-results-at-a-minimum-of-2-year-follow-up
#1
Manfred Nelitz, Jens Dreyhaupt, Sean Robert March Williams
PURPOSE: In adults, reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has shown good results. Treatment for recurrent patellar instability in children and adolescents with open growth plates, however, requires alternative MPFL reconstruction techniques. This study presents the outcomes of a minimally invasive technique for anatomic reconstruction of the MPFL in children using a pedicled superficial quadriceps tendon graft, hardware-free patellar graft attachment, and anatomic femoral fixation that spares the distal femoral physis...
June 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593576/treatment-of-osgood-schlatter-disease-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
E Circi, Y Atalay, T Beyzadeoglu
BACKGROUND: Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a self-limiting condition which occurs commonly in adolescence. PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to review published literature regarding pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of OSD. METHODS: A search of the literature was performed on the electronic databases PubMed, Cochrane and SCOPUS databases between 1962 and 2016 for pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of Osgood-Schlatter disease...
June 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580266/open-patellar-tendon-tenotomy-debridement-and-repair-technique-augmented-with-platelet-rich-plasma-for-recalcitrant-patellar-tendinopathy
#3
Bradley M Kruckeberg, Jorge Chahla, Marcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Gilbert Moatshe, Robert F LaPrade
Patellar tendinopathy is a disabling condition that frequently affects the athletic population, especially athletes undergoing repetitive impact forces as a result of jumping and landing activities. Most cases are initially treated conservatively, but if symptoms persist, surgical treatment is warranted. Options for surgical treatment include both arthroscopic and open techniques. The purpose of this Technical Note is to detail our open patellar tendon tenotomy, debridement, and repair technique augmented with platelet-rich plasma...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574416/richly-innervated-soft-tissues-covering-the-superficial-aspect-of-the-extensor-origin-in-patients-with-chronic-painful-tennis-elbow-implication-for-treatment
#4
C Spang, H Alfredson
BACKGROUND: Tennis elbow is difficult to treat. The results of surgical treatments are not convincing. Treatment studies on Achilles and patellar tendinopathy targeting the richly innervated and vascularized soft tissues outside the tendon have shown promising outcomes. The innervation patterns in the fibrous/fatty tissues superficially to the elbow extensor origin have not been clarified. METHODS: Nine tissue specimens from the fibrous/fatty tissue covering the extensor origin was taken from seven patients (mean age: 45 years) undergoing surgical treatment for chronic painful tennis elbow...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532876/treatment-of-the-scar-after-arthroscopic-surgery-on-a-knee
#5
Jacobo Alvira-Lechuz, Mercedes Roca Espiau, Elena Alvira-Lechuz
The aim of this paper is to present a treatment for scars based on percutaneous traction. This is a structural technique in which movements are performed against the barriers detected in different planes. The stages of this technique are described in detail along with the results after applying it to a postarthroscopic scar on a knee. The active and passive mobility of femoro-tibial and femoro-patellar articulations improved substantially after the treatment, as verified by signs such as pain relief, greater flexibility, disappearance of inflammation and a major recovery of tissue elasticity...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532478/study-protocol-a-double-blind-randomised-control-trial-of-high-volume-image-guided-injections-in-achilles-and-patellar-tendinopathy-in-a-young-active-population
#6
Robert M Barker-Davies, Alastair Nicol, I McCurdie, James Watson, Polly Baker, Patrick Wheeler, Daniel Fong, Mark Lewis, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Chronic tendinopathy is a significant problem particularly in active populations limiting sporting and occupational performance. The prevalence of patellar tendinopathy in some sports is near 50% and the incidence of lower limb tendinopathy is 1.4% p.a. in the UK Military. Management includes isometric, eccentric, heavy slow resistance exercises and extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT). Often these treatments are inadequate yet there is no good evidence for injection therapies and success rates from surgery can be as low as 50%...
May 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467583/repair-of-comminuted-fracture-of-the-lower-patellar-pole
#7
Elsayed Ibraheem Elsayed Massoud
BACKGROUND: Comminuted fracture of the lower patellar pole has characteristics of both patellar fracture and avulsion of the patellar tendon. Therefore, components of both injury types should be considered during treatment. None of the traditional techniques has proven sufficient alone. Currently described is technique that incorporates principles of osteosynthesis as well as repair of the patellar tendon. METHODS: Total of 23 patients with comminuted fracture of the lower patellar pole were treated surgically and prospectively followed for 24 months...
March 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461919/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-principles-of-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Nikolaos K Paschos, Stephen M Howell
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common procedures in sports medicine. Several areas of controversy exist in ACL tear management which have engaged surgeons and researchers in debates towards identifying an ideal approach for these patients.This instructional review discusses the principles of ACL reconstruction in an attempt to provide guidelines and initiate a critical thinking approach on the most common areas of controversy regarding ACL reconstruction.Using high-level evidence from the literature, as presented in randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, operative versus conservative treatment, timing of surgery, and rehabilitation are discussed...
November 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458846/spontaneous-superior-patellar-dislocation-in-young-age-case-report-and-reduction-technique
#9
Noman Jahangir, Muhammad Umar
Superior patellar dislocation is a very rare pathology, which happens in middle age. We report a case of spontaneous superior patellar dislocation, which occurred at 30 years of age. Differential diagnosis is patellar tendon rupture, which could be reliably excluded by clinical examination and radiographs. Reduction manoeuvres should be tried with diluted intra-articular local anaesthetic for hydrodilatation to gain mechanical advantage. Splinting the knee in gentle flexion is recommended if general anaesthetic is employed...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456816/early-combined-arthroscopic-treatment-for-simultaneous-ruptures-of-the-patellar-tendon-and-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-leads-to-good-radiological-results-and-patient-satisfaction
#10
REVIEW
Davide Cucchi, Alberto Aliprandi, Elisabetta Nocerino, Pietro Randelli
PURPOSE: Simultaneous rupture of the patellar tendon (PT) and the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a relatively rare injury. This study offers a comprehensive review of the published reports and presents two cases of simultaneous PT and ACL rupture. METHODS: A systematic review of English literature was performed, and data from two patients who were referred to our institution with simultaneous PT and ACL rupture were collected. Both patients underwent primary arthroscopic ACL reconstruction combined with PT reconstruction and, 1 year after surgery, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), clinical examination, strength measurement and functional assessment...
April 29, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454185/patella-dislocation-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Sven Höhne, Kristina Gerlach, Lars Irlenbusch, Mathias Schulz, Christian Kunze, Rainer Finke
Introduction Patellar dislocation is one of the commonest knee injuries in adolescents. Although treatment usually leads to good results, the influence of anatomical and functional factors on therapeutic strategy has been underestimated, especially in cases of recurrence. Patients and Methods The course of treatment has been analysed in 88 patients with 136 patellar dislocations. The importance of anatomical conditions was studied using X-ray and MRI findings. The treatment results were critically evaluated in comparison with current recommendations...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408084/semiextended-approach-for-intramedullary-nailing-via-a-patellar-eversion-technique-for-tibial-shaft-fractures-evaluation-of-the-patellofemoral-joint
#12
Tomohiro Yasuda, Shu Obara, Junji Hayashi, Masayuki Arai, Kaoru Sato
Intramedullary nail fixation is a common treatment for tibial-shaft fractures, and it offers a better functional prognosis than other conservative treatments. Currently, the primary approach employed during intramedullary nail insertion is the semiextended position is the suprapatellar approach, which involves a vertical incision of the quadriceps tendon Damage to the patellofemoral joint cartilage has been highlighted as a drawback associated with this approach. To avoid this issue, we perform surgery using the patellar eversion technique and a soft sleeve...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376759/prognostic-value-of-mri-in-arthroscopic-treatment-of-chronic-patellar-tendinopathy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Peter Ogon, Kaywan Izadpanah, Helge Eberbach, Gernot Lang, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
BACKGROUND: To date, prognostic outcome factors for patients undergoing arthroscopic treatment due to chronic patellar tendinopathy (PT) are lacking. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperatively assessed MRI parameters might be of prognostic value for prediction of functional outcome and return to sports in arthroscopic treatment of chronic PT. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted including 30 cases (4 female and 24 male competitive athletes) undergoing arthroscopic patellar release (APR) due to chronic PT...
April 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353048/what-factors-influence-the-biomechanical-properties-of-allograft-tissue-for-acl-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#14
Drew A Lansdown, Andrew J Riff, Molly Meadows, Adam B Yanke, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: Allograft tissue is used in 22% to 42% of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructions. Clinical outcomes have been inconsistent with allograft tissue, with some series reporting no differences in outcomes and others reporting increased risk of failure. There are numerous variations in processing and preparation that may influence the eventual performance of allograft tissue in ACL reconstruction. We sought to perform a systematic review to summarize the factors that affect the biomechanical properties of allograft tissue for use in ACL reconstruction...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345997/evaluation-of-a-new-method-to-determine-the-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-distance-required-to-reduce-the-patellar-tendon-tibial-plateau-angle-to-90%C3%A2-with-the-modified-maquet-technique-in-dogs
#15
Paul Pillard, Veronique Livet, Quentin Cabon, Camille Bismuth, Juliette Sonet, Denise Remy, Didier Fau, Claude Carozzo, Eric Viguier, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVE To assess use of a new radiographic method to determine the distance by which the tibial tuberosity should be advanced to reduce the patellar tendon-tibial plateau angle (PTA) to 90° by means of the modified Maquet technique (MMT) in dogs. SAMPLE 24 pelvic limbs from 12 adult medium-sized to large-breed canine cadavers. PROCEDURES Radiographs of stifle joints at 135° extension in true lateral position were used to determine tibial tuberosity advancement distances for use in the MMT. A method was devised to incorporate the planned osteotomy axis; distal patellar translations of 0, 3, 5, or 10 mm; and advancement cage implant application level along the osteotomy site in advancement planning measurements...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328560/surgical-treatment-of-congenital-and-obligatory-dislocation-of-the-patella-in-children
#16
Ronen Sever, Michael Fishkin, Yoram Hemo, Shlomo Wientroub, Moshe Yaniv
BACKGROUND: Congenital (fixed) dislocations and obligatory (habitual) patellar dislocations represent a complex clinical and surgical challenge. Numerous treatment options, offering different perspectives, and surgical solutions are reported in the literature.We implemented the surgical technique principles, originally described by Stanisavljevic, for congenital (fixed) and obligatory (habitual) patellar dislocations, with slight modifications. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results of group of 12 patients (15 knees), operated between the years 2002 and 2013...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318932/patellar-instability-treated-with-distal-femoral-osteotomy
#17
Ishaan Swarup, Osama Elattar, S Robert Rozbruch
BACKGROUND: Patellar instability can cause significant disability in both pediatric and adult patients, and it is associated with several factors including genu valgum. In this study, we describe the role of a lateral opening wedge distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) combined with lateral retinacular release in addressing genu valgum with associated patellar instability. The rationale for this approach is to medialize the patellar tendon insertion and decrease the Q angle with DFO. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients were studied, and our outcomes of interest included improvements in radiographic measures and patient outcomes...
March 17, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298052/allograft-augmentation-of-hamstring-autograft-for-younger-patients-undergoing-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#18
Cale A Jacobs, Jeremy M Burnham, Eric Makhni, Chaitu S Malempati, Eric Swart, Darren L Johnson
BACKGROUND: Younger patients and those with smaller hamstring autograft diameters have been shown to be at significantly greater risk of graft failure after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. To date, there is no information in the literature about the clinical success and/or cost-effectiveness of increasing graft diameter by augmenting with semitendinosus allograft tissue for younger patients. HYPOTHESIS: Hybrid hamstring grafts are a cost-effective treatment option because of a reduced rate of graft failure...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291948/eccentric-training-for-tendon-healing-after-acute-lesion-a-rat-model
#19
Jean-François Kaux, Vincent Libertiaux, Pierre Leprince, Marianne Fillet, Vincent Denoel, Clémence Wyss, Christelle Lecut, André Gothot, Caroline Le Goff, Jean-Louis Croisier, Jean-Michel Crielaard, Pierre Drion
BACKGROUND: The tendon is a dynamic entity that remodels permanently. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection has been shown to have a beneficial effect on tendon healing after lesion in rats. Furthermore, eccentric exercise seems to improve the mechanical quality of the tendon. HYPOTHESIS: A combination of PRP injection and eccentric training might be more effective than either treatment alone. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: Adult male rats were anesthetized, an incision was performed in the middle of their left patellar tendon and an injection of physiological fluid (PF) or homologous PRP was randomly made at the lesion level...
May 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281462/ultrasound-sensitivity-to-changes-in-gout-a-longitudinal-study-after-two-years-of-treatment
#20
Diana Peiteado, Alejandro Villalba, Emilio Martín-Mola, Alejandro Balsa, Eugenio De Miguel
OBJECTIVES: The goals of our study are to evaluate the urate-lowering therapy (ULT) effect on gout ultrasound (US) lesions and to explore US sensitivity to change in gout patients. METHODS: Patients with chronic and symptomatic gout, confirmed by crystal identification, were prospectively included. Clinical and US assessments were performed at baseline and after 6, 12 and 24 months of ULT. The presence of double contour sign (DCS) and US- detectable tophi were assessed in the first metatarsophalangeals, the knees and patellar tendons...
March 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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