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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521356/management-of-a-ruptured-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-pica-aneurysm-with-pica-pica-in-situ-bypass-and-trapping-3-dimensional-operative-video
#1
Arnau Benet, Nicola Montemurro, Michael T Lawton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521350/surgical-treatment-of-a-double-origin-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysm-and-insights-from-embryology-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Michael A Silva, Alfred P See, Mohammad A Aziz-Sultan, Nirav J Patel
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Aneurysms affecting double origin (DO) posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) variants are rare. Most reports describe endovascular occlusion of the affected branch to treat the aneurysm, but we describe a patient in which open surgical sacrifice of 1 branch resulted in insufficient perfusion. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We report the only case of open surgical treatment of an aneurysm affecting a leg of a DOPICA. A 42-year-old woman presenting with the worst headache of her life was found to have a DOPICA aneurysm and initially treated by trapping the aneurysm...
June 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520943/risk-assessment-of-hemorrhage-of-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysms-in-posterior-fossa-arteriovenous-malformations
#3
Alice L Hung, Wuyang Yang, Maria Braileanu, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Justin M Caplan, Geoffrey P Colby, Alexander L Coon, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang
BACKGROUND: Posterior fossa arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are associated with increased risk of rupture and severe consequences from such rupture. The hemorrhagic risk of prenidal aneurysms (anr) on the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) may exceed that of the AVM in posterior fossa AVMs fed by PICA (PICA-AVM). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the relative risks of aneurysm and AVM hemorrhage in patients with posterior fossa AVMs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed with AVM...
May 18, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510297/evaluation-of-the-safety-of-drugs-and-biological-products-used-during-lactation-workshop-summary
#4
REVIEW
J Wang, T Johnson, L Sahin, M S Tassinari, P O Anderson, T E Baker, C Bucci-Rechtweg, G J Burckart, C D Chambers, T W Hale, D Johnson-Lyles, R M Nelson, C Nguyen, D Pica-Branco, Z Ren, H Sachs, J Sauberan, A Zajicek, S Ito, L P Yao
This report serves as a summary of a 2-day public workshop sponsored by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to discuss the safety of drugs and biological products used during lactation. The aim of the workshop was to provide a forum to discuss the collection of data to inform the potential risks to breastfed infants with maternal use of medications during lactation. Discussions included the review of current approaches to collect data on medications used during lactation, and the considerations for future approaches to design and guide clinical lactation studies...
June 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509666/an-inhibitory-gate-for-state-transition-in-cortex
#5
Stefano Zucca, Giulia D'Urso, Valentina Pasquale, Dania Vecchia, Giuseppe Pica, Serena Bovetti, Claudio Moretti, Stefano Varani, Manuel Molano-Mazón, Michela Chiappalone, Stefano Panzeri, Tommaso Fellin
Large scale transitions between active (up) and silent (down) states during quiet wakefulness or NREM sleep regulate fundamental cortical functions and are known to involve both excitatory and inhibitory cells. However, if and how inhibition regulates these activity transitions is unclear. Using fluorescence-targeted electrophysiological recording and cell-specific optogenetic manipulation in both anesthetized and non-anesthetized mice, we found that two major classes of interneurons, the parvalbumin and the somatostatin positive cells, tightly control both up-to-down and down-to-up state transitions...
May 16, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500866/presence-of-eating-disorders-and-its-relationship-to-anxiety-and-depression-in-pregnant-women
#6
Amanda Maihara Dos Santos, Gláucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Niraldo Oliveira Dos Santos, Roseli Mieko Yamamoto Nomura, Mara Cristina Souza de Lucia, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco
BACKGROUND: women who have inadequate nutrient intake are more likely to develop a risky pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence of eating disorders and its association with anxiety and depression symptomatology in high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional and prospective study conducted at the tertiary university hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. 913 pregnant women waiting for the Obstetrics' outpatient appointment were invited to participate in the study on their 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499128/stress-induced-by-heavy-metals-on-breeding-of-magpie-pica-pica-from-central-iran
#7
Mohammad Zarrintab, Rouhollah Mirzaei
The aim of this study was to address the impacts of some heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cu) contamination on laying behavior, egg quality and breeding performance of Pica pica in north of Isfahan Province, Iran. During the breeding season of 2013, magpie's egg content and eggshell as well as nestling excrements and feathers were collected and total concentrations of heavy metals were measured by ICP-OES. Except for Zn in nestling feathers, the significantly higher concentrations of heavy metals were observed in nestling excrements than other samples...
May 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491920/association-of-lead-levels-and-cerebral-palsy
#8
Neha Bansal, Anju Aggarwal, M M A Faridi, Tusha Sharma, B D Baneerjee
Background: Cerebral palsy is a common motor disability in childhood. Raised lead levels affect cognition. Children with cerebral palsy may have raised lead levels, further impairing their residual cognitive motor and behavioral abilities. Environmental exposure and abnormal eating habits may lead to increased lead levels. Aims and Objectives: To measure blood lead levels in children with cerebral palsy and compare them with healthy neurologically normal children. To correlate blood lead levels with environmental factors...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487433/fifteen-minute-consultation-the-child-with-pica
#9
Ben McNaughten, Thomas Bourke, Andrew Thompson
Pica is defined as the persistent ingestion of non-nutritive substances for more than 1 month at an age at which this behaviour is deemed inappropriate. It occurs most commonly in children, in patients with learning disabilities and in pregnancy. The aetiology of pica is poorly understood and is probably multifactorial. Clinical assessment can be difficult. History and examination should be tailored to address potential complications of the substance being ingested. Complications can be life threatening. Pica often self-remits in younger children...
May 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484132/unilateral-trans-cerebellomedullary-fissure-approach-for-occipital-artery-to-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-bypass-during-aneurysmal-surgery
#10
Hiroshi Abe, Koichi Miki, Hiromasa Kobayashi, Toshiyasu Ogata, Mitsutoshi Iwaasa, Toshio Matsushima, Tooru Inoue
Occipital artery (OA) to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) bypass is indispensable for the management of complex aneurysms of the PICA that cannot be reconstructed with surgical clipping or coil embolization. Although OA-PICA bypass is a comparatively standard procedure, the bypass is difficult to perform in some cases because of the location and situation of the PICA. We describe the usefulness of the unilateral trans-cerebellomedullary fissure (CMF) approach for OA-PICA bypass. Thirty patients with aneurysms in the vertebral artery (VA) or PICA were treated using OA-PICA bypasses between 2010 and 2015...
May 9, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477159/a-different-kind-of-craving-incidence-and-treatment-of-pica-after-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#11
Andrew D Van Osdol, Kara J Kallies, Kyla A Fredrickson, Shanu N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency can occur in patients after Roux-en-y gastric bypass due to altered absorption. Pica, the compulsive craving and intake of non-nutritive substances, is a rare and poorly understood presentation of iron deficiency. To our knowledge, the rate of pica after RYGB has never been reported. METHODS: The medical records of patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB from 2001 to 2011 were reviewed. Patients with pica or other abnormal cravings were identified...
May 5, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476302/sapophagia-a-case-of-irish-spring-soap-pica
#12
Dorothy J Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470645/calcified-non-pigmented-choroidal-melanoma-report-of-a-rare-case
#13
C Gianniou, L Zografos, J Hrbacek, A Pica, A Moulin, A Schalenbourg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465136/semantic-memory-deficits-are-associated-with-pica-in-individuals-with-acquired-brain-injury
#14
Michitaka Funayama, Taro Muramatsu, Akihiro Koreki, Motoichiro Kato, Masaru Mimura, Yoshitaka Nakagawa
Although pica is one of the most prominent signs in individuals with severe cognitive impairment, the mechanisms and neural basis for pica have not been well elucidated. To address this issue, patients with acquired brain injury who showed pica and hyperorality were investigated. Eleven patients with pica, i.e., individuals who eat non-food items, and eight patients with hyperorality but who never eat non-food items were recruited. The cognitive and behavioral assessments and neural substrates of the two groups were compared...
April 29, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453758/training-programs-on-endoscopic-scoring-systems-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-lead-to-a-significant-increase-in-interobserver-agreement-among-community-gastroenterologists
#15
Marco Daperno, Michele Comberlato, Fabrizio Bossa, Alessandro Armuzzi, Livia Biancone, Andrea G Bonanomi, Rocco Cosintino, Giovanni Lombardi, Roberto Mangiarotti, Alfredo Papa, Roberta Pica, Luca Grassano, Guido Pagana, Renata D'Incà, Ambrogio Orlando, Fernando Rizzello
Background and Aims: Endoscopic outcomes are increasingly used in clinical trials and in routine practice for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] in order to reach more objective patient evaluations than possible using only clinical features. However, reproducibility of endoscopic scoring systems used to categorize endoscopic activity has been reported to be suboptimal. The aim of this study was to analyse the inter-rated agreement of non-dedicated gastroenterologists on IBD endoscopic scoring systems, and to explore the effects of a dedicated training programme on agreement...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442334/pica-practices-among-apparently-healthy-women-and-their-young-children-in-ghana
#16
B A Z Abu, V L van den Berg, J E Raubenheimer, V J Louw
BACKGROUND: Pica is an increased appetite/craving for food or non-food substances like clay, and chalk, and is strongly associated with iron deficiency (ID) anemia. This study assessed pica practices among non-pregnant mothers and their children, 12-to-59months, in an anemia endemic population in Ghana. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted in two randomly selected districts in Northern Ghana. The researchers developed semi-structured questionnaires with components on pica practice, history and experiences and administered via structured face-to-face interviews with mothers (N=161)...
April 22, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442135/-anesthetic-management-of-late-pressure-angioedema
#17
Inês Furtado, Filipe Linda, Sílvia Pica, Marco Monteiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Late pressure angioedema is a rare form of angioedema in which light pressure stimulus can lead to edema after 1-12h. This uncommon and unreported entity is especially important in patients who undergo general anesthesia, for whom the usual harmless supine position, intravenous catheter insertion, standard monitoring, airway management and ventilation can lead to life threatening consequences as the trigger is a physical stimulus. CASE REPORT: In this report, we describe a successful perioperative anesthetic management of a 30 year old patient, proposed for intra-ocular lens insertion, with a severe form of the disease with peri-oral, tongue and limb edema presentation...
April 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422953/great-spotted-cuckoo-nestlings-have-no-antipredatory-effect-on-magpie-or-carrion-crow-host-nests-in-southern-spain
#18
Manuel Soler, Liesbeth de Neve, María Roldán, Tomás Pérez-Contreras, Juan José Soler
Host defences against cuckoo parasitism and cuckoo trickeries to overcome them are a classic example of antagonistic coevolution. Recently it has been reported that this relationship may turn to be mutualistic in the case of the carrion crow (Corvus corone) and its brood parasite, the great spotted cuckoo (Clamator glandarius), given that experimentally and naturally parasitized nests were depredated at a lower rate than non-parasitized nests. This result was interpreted as a consequence of the antipredatory properties of a fetid cloacal secretion produced by cuckoo nestlings, which presumably deters predators from parasitized host nests...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418723/ethnomedical-and-sociocultural-factors-of-pica-substances-in-rural-south-india
#19
Caitlyn D Placek
Pica, the intentional ingestion of culturally determined "nonfood" substances, occurs cross-culturally and most commonly during pregnancy. The current study describes women's perceptions of ethnomedical and sociocultural aspects of pica along with familial acquisition and transmission of knowledge and behaviors in a South Indian population. Findings showed that in contrast to Western models of pica, nonfood consumption is not entirely taboo; consumers rely on local remedies to cure overconsumption; and perceptions of prevalence extend beyond pregnancy...
April 18, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405535/signet-cell-in-the-brain-a-case-report-of-leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-as-the-presenting-feature-of-gastric-signet-cell-cancer
#20
Saeed Ali, Muhammad Talha Khan, Evgeny A Idrisov, Aadil Maqsood, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Khalid Abusaada
Malignant infiltration of pia and arachnoid mater, referred to as leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC), is a rare complication of gastric carcinoma. The most common underlying malignancy in patients with LMC are leukemia, breast cancer, lymphoma, and lung cancer. We report a case of gastric adenocarcinoma that presented with LMC in the absence of overt gastrointestinal signs or symptoms. A 56-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the hospital with a three-week history of intermittent headaches and visual blurring...
March 7, 2017: Curēus
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