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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422953/great-spotted-cuckoo-nestlings-have-no-antipredatory-effect-on-magpie-or-carrion-crow-host-nests-in-southern-spain
#1
Manuel Soler, Liesbeth de Neve, María Roldán, Tomás Pérez-Contreras, Juan José Soler
Host defences against cuckoo parasitism and cuckoo trickeries to overcome them are a classic example of antagonistic coevolution. Recently it has been reported that this relationship may turn to be mutualistic in the case of the carrion crow (Corvus corone) and its brood parasite, the great spotted cuckoo (Clamator glandarius), given that experimentally and naturally parasitized nests were depredated at a lower rate than non-parasitized nests. This result was interpreted as a consequence of the antipredatory properties of a fetid cloacal secretion produced by cuckoo nestlings, which presumably deters predators from parasitized host nests...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418723/ethnomedical-and-sociocultural-factors-of-pica-substances-in-rural-south-india
#2
Caitlyn D Placek
Pica, the intentional ingestion of culturally determined "nonfood" substances, occurs cross-culturally and most commonly during pregnancy. The current study describes women's perceptions of ethnomedical and sociocultural aspects of pica along with familial acquisition and transmission of knowledge and behaviors in a South Indian population. Findings showed that in contrast to Western models of pica, nonfood consumption is not entirely taboo; consumers rely on local remedies to cure overconsumption; and perceptions of prevalence extend beyond pregnancy...
April 18, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405535/signet-cell-in-the-brain-a-case-report-of-leptomeningeal-carcinomatosis-as-the-presenting-feature-of-gastric-signet-cell-cancer
#3
Saeed Ali, Muhammad Talha Khan, Evgeny A Idrisov, Aadil Maqsood, Fnu Asad-Ur-Rahman, Khalid Abusaada
Malignant infiltration of pia and arachnoid mater, referred to as leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC), is a rare complication of gastric carcinoma. The most common underlying malignancy in patients with LMC are leukemia, breast cancer, lymphoma, and lung cancer. We report a case of gastric adenocarcinoma that presented with LMC in the absence of overt gastrointestinal signs or symptoms. A 56-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the hospital with a three-week history of intermittent headaches and visual blurring...
March 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402517/posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-vertebral-artery-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-comparison-of-saccular-vs-dissecting-aneurysms
#4
Mitchell T Foster, Amit Herwadkar, Hiren C Patel
BACKGROUND: Two distinct categories of aneurysms are described in relation to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) and vertebral artery (VA): saccular (SA) and dissecting (DA) types. This distinction is often unrecognized because abnormalities here are uncommon and most studies are small. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any differences in the clinical presentation, in-hospital course, or outcomes in patients with DA vs SA of the PICA or VA. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with a VA or PICA aneurysm were identified from a departmental subarachnoid hemorrhage database and categorized into DA or SA types...
April 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394897/vertebral-artery-terminating-in-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-a-normal-variation-with-clinical-significance
#5
I-Wen Liu, Bo-Lin Ho, Chien-Fu Chen, Ke Han, Chung-Jung Lin, Wen-Yung Sheng, Han-Hwa Hu, A-Ching Chao
A vertebral artery (VA) terminating in a posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is often considered to be a normal variation associated with VA hypoplasia. We aimed to investigate the clinical significance of this cerebrovascular variant. A total of 80 patients with clinically evident cerebrovascular events in posterior circulation were examined by duplex sonography and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Eighty healthy subjects who had MRA check-up were recruited as controls. PICA termination of the VA (PICA-VA) was identified as the VA not communicating with the basilar artery (BA) but ending into a PICA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393579/clinical-perspectives-of-dried-blood-spot-protein-quantification-using-mass-spectrometry-methods
#6
Sylvain Lehmann, Alexia Picas, Laurent Tiers, Jerome Vialaret, Christophe Hirtz
Although dried blood spot (DBS) sampling methods have been used since the 1960s, they have recently attracted renewed interest because of the development of new clinical applications. In addition to their other advantages, DBS methods can now be used to quantify many blood proteins using the latest highly sensitive and robust, liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) approaches such as multiple reaction monitoring. The DBS blood sampling approach could provide a useful alternative means of conducting blood sampling for routine clinical purposes and patients' follow-up...
April 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393489/grouped-factors-of-the-ssade-signs-and-symptoms-accompanying-dementia-while-eating-and-nutritional-status-an-analysis-of-older-people-receiving-nutritional-care-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-japan
#7
Kento Takada, Kazumi Tanaka, Mihoko Hasegawa, Michiko Sugiyama, Nobuo Yoshiike
BACKGROUND: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are very common among older people, and previous studies showed that BPSD affects eating behaviour negatively, possibly resulting in undernutrition. In a previous study, we constructed a set of 11 items based on direct observations of older people with dementia during mealtime and named them 'SSADE: signs and symptoms accompanying dementia while eating'. AIMS: This study aimed to conduct a factor analysis to clarify the structure of the set of 11 SSADE items and to analyse the relationship of the SSADE with nutritional status...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379515/far-lateral-approach-without-drilling-the-occipital-condyle-for-vertebral-artery-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysms
#8
Pablo Seoane, Samuel Kalb, Justin C Clark, Juan C Rivas, David S Xu, George A C Mendes, Mark C Preul, Joseph M Zabramski, Robert F Spetzler, Peter Nakaji
BACKGROUND: The far-lateral transcondylar surgical approach is often used to clip vertebral artery (VA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms. The role of condyle resection during this approach is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient outcomes in patients with VA-PICA aneurysms in whom drilling the occipital condyle was not necessary. METHODS: Between May 2005 and December 2012, a total of 56 consecutive patients with incidental or ruptured VA-PICA aneurysms underwent surgery with a far-lateral approach without condylar resection...
April 4, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376581/esperance-pica-study
#9
Kuroush A Ardeshirian, Donald A Howarth
BACKGROUND: Pica, the eating of non-foods, occurs particularly in children and pregnant women. It has been observed in communities all over the world. Pica is associated with iron deficiency and, in some environments, lead poisoning. This is the first time a study has assessed the prevalence of pica in Australia. METHODS: The study assessed the prevalence of pica in an Australian rural community, using a questionnaire given to parents of 223 children aged 2-10 years attending the five general practice surgeries in the shire...
2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371476/detection-of-the-recently-emerged-synthetic-cannabinoid-5%C3%A2-f-mdmb-pica-in-legal-high-products-and-human-urine-samples
#10
Lukas Mogler, Florian Franz, Daniel Rentsch, Verena Angerer, Georg Weinfurtner, Mitchell Longworth, Samuel D Banister, Michael Kassiou, Bjoern Moosmann, Volker Auwärter
Indole or indazole based synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) bearing substituents derived from valine or tert-leucine are frequently abused new psychoactive substances (NPS). The emergence of 5 F-MDMB-PICA (methyl N-{[1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]carbonyl}-3-methylvalinate) on the German drug market is a further example of a substance synthesized in the context of scientific research being misused by clandestine laboratories by adding it to 'legal high' products. In this work we present the detection of 5 F-MDMB-PICA in several 'legal high' products by GC-MS analysis...
March 31, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368075/clinical-features-and-outcome-of-hospitalized-patients-with-hsv-1-dna-in-the-lower-respiratory-tract
#11
Francesca Pica, Marco Ciotti, Massimo Maurici, Cristina Buè, Paolo Nardi, Gabriella Lucà, Gabriella Moroni, Paola Rogliani, Carlo Federico Perno, Antonio Volpi
The aim of this study was to define the clinical impact of Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) DNA detection in the low respiratory tract of hospitalized patients. Forty-nine patients admitted to the University Hospital Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, from May 2013 to June 2014, were analysed. Inclusion criteria were the presence or absence of HSV-1 DNA in clinical routine bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid specimens. Nineteen individuals were positive (cases) and 30 negative (controls) for the presence of HSV-1 DNA. The two groups were matched for age, gender and month of BAL collection...
April 3, 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360870/the-faculty-of-language-integrates-the-two-core-systems-of-number
#12
Ken Hiraiwa
Only humans possess the faculty of language that allows an infinite array of hierarchically structured expressions (Hauser et al., 2002; Berwick and Chomsky, 2015). Similarly, humans have a capacity for infinite natural numbers, while all other species seem to lack such a capacity (Gelman and Gallistel, 1978; Dehaene, 1997). Thus, the origin of this numerical capacity and its relation to language have been of much interdisciplinary interest in developmental and behavioral psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and linguistics (Dehaene, 1997; Hauser et al...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358612/management-and-case-outcome-of-gastric-impaction-in-four-raptors-a-case-series
#13
Jeffrey R Applegate, Arnaud Van Wettere, Emily F Christiansen, Laurel A Degernes
Four captive raptors, an American kestrel ( Falco sparverius ), peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus ), golden eagle ( Aquila chrysaetos ), and barn owl ( Tyto alba ), were diagnosed with ventricular and/or proventricular foreign material impactions consisting of artificial turf substrate, paper and plastic substrate, grass, and newspaper. Partial or total anorexia was reported in all birds and decreased casting in 2 birds. Survey radiographs confirmed presence of gastric enlargement in all 4 birds. The kestrel and eagle were treated unsuccessfully with gastroscopy and gastric lavage, respectively, followed by surgical intervention to remove the ventricular impactions...
March 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343690/a-toddler-with-severe-anemia-pica-and-extremity-swelling
#14
Mary Frey, Kevin M Overmann, Alison Richert, Benjamin T Kerrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341228/use-of-the-roll-technique-for-lumpectomy-in-non-palpable-breast-lesions
#15
D Carrera, L Martín, M de la Flor, F Guspí, J Picas, V Izquierdo, S Martínez, C Jordà, R Siurana, M Martínez-Casals, J M Jaén, A Pujol, A Benítez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of radioguided occult lesion localising in non-palpable breast lesions (NPBL) compared to the surgical wire technique. METHOD: A prospective study was conducted on 161 women with NPBL, of whom 80 marked with the wire (group 1), whereas 81 women were marked with an intratumour injection of (99m)Tc-nanocoloid (group 2). The NPBL were located by ultrasound or stereotactic guidance. The lumpectomies were performed following the wire direction in group 1, and with the aid of a gamma-probe in group 2...
March 21, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337694/the-posterior-fossa-and-foreign-accent-syndrome-report-of-two-new-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stefanie Keulen, Peter Mariën, Kim van Dun, Roelien Bastiaanse, Mario Manto, Jo Verhoeven
Foreign accent syndrome is a rare motor speech disorder that causes patients to speak their language with a non-native accent. In the neurogenic condition, the disorder develops after lesions in the language dominant hemisphere, often affecting Broca's area, the insula, the supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex. Here, we present two new cases of FAS after posterior fossa lesions. The first case is a 44-year-old, right-handed, Dutch-speaking man who suffered motor speech disturbances and a left hemiplegia after a pontine infarction...
March 23, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331568/lithophagia-as-a-clue-for-celiac-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Mosayeb Shahryar, Iraj Shahramian, Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, NoorMohammad Noori, Maryam Ataollahi
Lithophagia is a type of pica that might be resulted from Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) which is the frequent presenting signs of Celiac Disease (CD). A 5-year-old child with a two year history of the lithophagia with a, refractory IDA, abdominal distention and constipation. The child did not grow well and had failure to thrive. With suspicion to CD, TTg IgA level was measured and due to an incearse of TTg IgA level the patients were undergone esophagogastrodeudonoscpy and jejunal biopsy. The biopsy showed severe villous atrophy and an increase in limphoplasma cells...
2017: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303393/effective-nut-dispersal-by-magpies-pica-pica-l-in-a-mediterranean-agroecosystem
#18
Jorge Castro, Mercedes Molina-Morales, Alexandro B Leverkus, Loreto Martínez-Baroja, Lorenzo Pérez-Camacho, Pedro Villar-Salvador, Salvador Rebollo, José M Rey-Benayas
Scatter-hoarding animals such as corvids play a crucial role in the dispersal of nut-producing tree species. This interaction is well known for some corvids, but remains elusive for other species such as the magpie (Pica pica), an abundant corvid in agroecosystems and open landscapes of the Palearctic region. In addition, the establishment of the individual dispersed seeds-a prerequisite for determining seed-dispersal effectiveness-has never before been documented for the interaction between corvids and nut-producing trees...
March 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301929/cage-size-and-jump-precursors-in-glass-forming-liquids-experiment-and-simulations
#19
Raffaele Pastore, Giuseppe Pesce, Antonio Sasso, Massimo Pica Ciamarra
Glassy dynamics is intermittent, as particles suddenly jump out of the cage formed by their neighbors, and heterogeneous, as these jumps are not uniformly distributed across the system. Relating these features of the dynamics to the diverse local environments explored by the particles is essential to rationalize the relaxation process. Here we investigate this issue characterizing the local environment of a particle with the amplitude of its short time vibrational motion, as determined by segmenting in cages and jumps the particle trajectories...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289932/digital-subtraction-ct-angiography-for-the-detection-of-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-aneurysms-comparison-with-digital-subtraction-angiography
#20
Guo Zhong Chen, Song Luo, Chang Sheng Zhou, Long Jiang Zhang, Guang Ming Lu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of digital subtraction CT angiography (DS-CTA) in detecting posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as reference standard. METHODS: A total of 115 patients, including 56 patients diagnosed with PICA aneurysms by CTA or DSA and 59 non-PICA-aneurysm patients were included in this retrospective study. All patients underwent DS-CTA and DSA. The site of PICA aneurysms and the pattern of haemorrhage were analysed...
March 13, 2017: European Radiology
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