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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779169/-keeping-in-mind-the-gender-stereotype-the-role-of-need-for-closure-in-the-retrieval-induced-forgetting-of-female-managers-qualities
#1
Gennaro Pica, Antonio Pierro, Valerio Pellegrini, Valeria De Cristofaro, Annamaria Giannini, Arie W Kruglanski
The present research addressed the question of whether need for closure (NFC; Kruglanski in The psychology of closed mindedness, Psychology Press, New York, 2004) biases individuals' memory of female leaders. Merging research on role congruity theory of leadership (Koenig et al. in Psychol Bull 4:616-642, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023557 ) and research on retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF, Anderson et al. in J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cognit 20:1063-1087, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.65.5.861 ), we hypothesized and found that high-NFC participants show (1) a higher RIF of dimensions commonly associated with the leadership prototype (agentic/masculine) ascribed to female manager targets, when selectively retrieved dimensions commonly associated with the female prototype (communal/feminine) were ascribed to the same target; and (2) a lessened RIF of female stereotypical dimensions ascribed to female manager targets, when selectively retrieved prototypical leadership dimensions were ascribed to the same target...
May 19, 2018: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774435/neophobia-does-not-account-for-motoric-self-regulation-performance-as-measured-during-the-detour-reaching-cylinder-task
#2
M K Stow, A Vernouillet, D M Kelly
The ability to restrain a prepotent response in favor of a more adaptive behavior, or to exert inhibitory control, has been used as a measure of a species' cognitive abilities. Inhibitory control defines a spectrum of behaviors varying in complexity, ranging from self-control to motoric self-regulation. Several factors underlying inhibitory control have been identified, however, the influence of neophobia (i.e., aversion to novelty) on inhibitory control has not received much attention. Neophobia is known to affect complex cognitive abilities, but whether neophobia also influences more basic cognitive abilities, such as motoric self-regulation, has received less attention...
May 17, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771703/a-fatal-outcome-of-pica-syndrome-an-unusual-case-of-delayed-mortality
#3
Milenko Bogdanovic, Djordje Alempijevic, Djordje Curcic, Tijana Durmic
We present the case of a 42-year-old man, with a medical history of schizophrenic psychosis, who was found dead on the floor of his bedroom. At the autopsy, a bottle lid with a notched edge was found in the lower pharynx, partially obstructing the larynx and thus keeping the epiglottis in an open position. Airway obstruction was caused by edema and inflammation of the surrounding tissue. After removal of the foreign body, the tissue of the larynx was left with an impression of the bottle lid. The adjacent mucosa was swollen, hyperemic, partly necrotic, and covered with fibrin deposits...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770500/variable-anatomic-configuration-of-the-posterior-spinal-arteries-in-humans
#4
Santiago Rojas, Marisa Ortega, Alfonso Rodríguez-Baeza
INTRODUCTION: Posterior spinal arteries (PSAs) arise from the vertebral (VA) or posterior inferior cerebellar (PICA) artery. We identified variations in their origins and their anastomosis with the first posterior radiculomedullary branches in human spinal cords. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Spinal cords from male and female cadavers (n = 30) were injected with colored latex through the vertebral, ascending cervical, costocervical trunk and segmental arteries. Specimens were fixed in formalin and the spinal arteries were dissected under a surgical microscope...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766928/parent-artery-sacrifice-for-ruptured-aneurysms-in-acute-and-chronic-phases-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Xianli Lv, Wei Li, Huijian Ge, Hengwei Jin, Hongwei He, Chuhan Jiang, Youxiang Li
Background: Experience with respect to parent vessel sacrifice (PVS) for unclippable/uncoilable ruptured aneurysms is limited. Objective: The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the risk of PVS for unclippable/uncoilable ruptured aneurysms. Materials and Methods: The PUBMED and SCIENCEDIRECT databases were searched using "parent vessel occlusion OR parent artery occlusion" AND "acute subarachnoid hemorrhage" till December 27, 2015, and 1 journal was searched from November 1995 to April 2016 for relevant results...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766222/cisplatin-increases-the-number-of-enterochromaffin-cells-containing-substance-p-in-rat-intestine
#6
Yusuke Obara, Takuji Machida, Yuho Takano, Saki Shiga, Asami Suzuki, Naoya Hamaue, Kenji Iizuka, Masahiko Hirafuji
We previously reported that cisplatin potentiated ileal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) metabolism and caused pathological changes with an inflammatory response in the delayed phase (72 h) after administration to rats. In the present study, we further investigated the time-dependent effect of cisplatin on ileal 5-HT metabolism and the effects of combining cisplatin and anti-inflammatory drugs on ileal tryptophan hydroxylase expression and pica (the consumption of non-nutritive materials such as kaolin). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression was significantly increased at 24 h after cisplatin (5 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) administration...
May 15, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751186/delayed-establishment-of-collateral-circulation-from-the-posterior-meningeal-artery-after-proximal-occlusion-of-the-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Kun Hou, Yunbao Guo, Baofeng Xu, Kan Xu, Jinlu Yu
BACKGROUND: Dissecting aneurysm on the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) is a very rare entity, endovascular embolization is often adopted. During procedure, if the parent artery is occluded, the distal PICA is usually supplied by the ipsilateral anterior inferior artery or the contralateral PICA. In extremely rare circumstances, the distal PICA can establish collateral circulation by transdural anastomosis with the posterior meningeal artery (PMA). CASE DESCRIPTION: A 29-year-old woman was admitted complaining of thunderclap headache, nausea, and vomiting for 3 hours...
May 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721782/herpes-zoster-in-frail-elderly-patients-prevalence-impact-management-and-preventive-strategies
#8
REVIEW
Ermanno Zorzoli, Francesca Pica, Giulia Masetti, Elisabetta Franco, Antonio Volpi, Giovanni Gabutti
Population aging is a worldwide phenomenon with significant and manifold impacts on society. Advanced age correlates with the onset of frailty. In this vulnerable state, the immune response is weakened and a higher susceptibility to infectious diseases is observed. The present narrative review aims to cover the topic of herpes zoster (HZ) and its complications in frail populations. The lifetime risk of developing HZ is estimated at about 20-30%, and the risk increases with age. In older people, HZ can lead to the inability to recover the lifestyle, the interests, and the level of activity that existed before its development...
May 2, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707096/dissecting-vertebral-artery-aneurysm-presenting-regrowth-after-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-in-acute-stage
#9
Takamichi Hijikata, Eiichi Baba, Kazutaka Shirokane, Atsushi Tsuchiya, Motohiro Nomura
For a case of dissecting vertebral artery aneurysm (DVAA) in a dominant vertebral artery (VA) or posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA)-involving lesion, stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE) is an effective technique to preserve blood flow of the VA. A 41-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated DVAA on the left VA just distal to the PICA, and the right VA was thinner than the left. For this case, SACE was performed to preserve the left VA and PICA. On the 10th day, angiography showed recurrence of the dissection...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694230/controlled-viscosity-in-dense-granular-materials
#10
A Gnoli, L de Arcangelis, F Giacco, E Lippiello, M Pica Ciamarra, A Puglisi, A Sarracino
We experimentally investigate the fluidization of a granular material subject to mechanical vibrations by monitoring the angular velocity of a vane suspended in the medium and driven by an external motor. On increasing the frequency, we observe a reentrant transition, as a jammed system first enters a fluidized state, where the vane rotates with high constant velocity, and then returns to a frictional state, where the vane velocity is much lower. While the fluidization frequency is material independent, the viscosity recovery frequency shows a clear dependence on the material that we rationalize by relating this frequency to the balance between dissipative and inertial forces in the system...
March 30, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680283/the-conflicting-vessels-in-hemifacial-spasm-literature-review-and-anatomical-surgical-implications
#11
P Mercier, M Sindou
The conflicting vessels in hemifacial spasm: literature review and anatomical-surgical implications. Since several decades, it has been established that so-called primary hemifacial spasm is linked to neuro-vascular conflicts in the facial nerve, especially its root exit zone (REZ). Based on our review of the detailed publications of literature (2489 patients), together with our own series (340 patients), the responsible vessels found at surgery were: the posterior inferior cerebellar artery in 47.2%, the anterior inferior cerebellar artery in 45...
April 18, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675593/prevalence-of-pica-and-rumination-behaviors-in-german-children-aged-7-14-and-their-associations-with-feeding-eating-and-general-psychopathology-a-population-based-study
#12
Andrea S Hartmann, Tanja Poulain, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Despite potentially severe medical consequences of pica and rumination disorder (RD), little is known about their prevalence and association with other psychopathology in childhood. As a part of a larger population-based study, 804 children aged 7-14 years and their parents were asked about their experience of pica and RD behaviors, and associated eating, feeding and general psychopathology. A total of 12.31 and 11.49% of the participants reported having engaged in pica or RD behaviors, respectively, at least once...
April 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660664/nano-flow-vs-standard-flow-which-is-the-more-suitable-lc-ms-method-for-quantifying-hepcidin-25-in-human-serum-in-routine-clinical-settings
#13
Jérôme Vialaret, Alexia Picas, Constance Delaby, Pauline Bros, Sylvain Lehmann, Christophe Hirtz
Hepcidin-25 peptide is a biomarker which is known to have considerable clinical potential for diagnosing iron-related diseases. Developing analytical methods for the absolute quantification of hepcidin is still a real challenge, however, due to the sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility issues involved. In this study, we compare and discuss two MS-based assays for quantifying hepcidin, which differ only in terms of the type of liquid chromatography (nano LC/MS versus standard LC/MS) involved. The same sample preparation, the same internal standards and the same MS analyzer were used with both approaches...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657731/coin-pica-induced-gastric-perforation-resulting-from-ingestion-of-1-894-coins-8-kg-in-total-case-report-and-review-of-published-works
#14
Kosuke Sekiya, Shusuke Mori, Yasuhiro Otomo
Case: Pica is common among patients with psychiatric disorders, but only a few cases regarding coin pica have been reported. A 51-year-old man with depression complaining of fatigue was found to have numerous coins in the esophagus and the stomach on X-rays. He had a peritoneal sign and underwent an emergency laparotomy. Outcome: The surgical findings showed perforation on the anterior wall of the gastric body and coins in the stomach, which were removed manually, followed by an omental patch...
April 2018: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644612/tissue-distribution-and-oral-exposure-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-an-urban-bird-magpie-from-central-iran
#15
Mohammad Zarrintab, Rouhollah Mirzaei
Direct ingestion of soil and/or soil attached to the food items is a potential rout for wildlife exposure to contaminants. In this study, bioaccumulation of five heavy metals (HMs) in internal tissues of an urban bird (Pica pica) collected from Aran-O-Bidgol City, Central Iran and their related soil were investigated. A total of 15 magpie specimens were collected in autumn 2013 and then their internal tissues were digested using a mixture of HNO3 and H2 O2 , and finally, concentrations of HMs were detected by ICP-OES...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626649/random-forest-based-classification-of-alcohol-dependence-patients-and-healthy-controls-using-resting-state-mri
#16
Xi Zhu, Xiaofei Du, Mike Kerich, Falk W Lohoff, Reza Momenan
Currently, classification of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is made on clinical grounds; however, robust evidence shows that chronic alcohol use leads to neurochemical and neurocircuitry adaptations. Identifications of the neuronal networks that are affected by alcohol would provide a more systematic way of diagnosis and provide novel insights into the pathophysiology of AUD. In this study, we identified network-level brain features of AUD, and further quantified resting-state within-network, and between-network connectivity features in a multivariate fashion that are classifying AUD, thus providing additional information about how each network contributes to alcoholism...
April 4, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625312/strokectomy-and-extensive-cerebro-spinal-fluid-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-space-occupying-cerebellar-ischemic-strokes
#17
Fulvio Tartara, Daniele Bongetta, Elena Virginia Colombo, Carlo Bortolotti, Marco Cenzato, Ermanno Giombelli, Paolo Gaetani, Francesco Zenga, Giulia Pilloni, Alfonso Ciccone, Maria Sessa
BACKGROUND: and Purpose: Cerebellar ischemia may lead to space-occupying edema, resulting in potentially fatal complications. Different surgical procedures have been reported to create space for the swollen ischemic brain; still, both the type and timing of surgical treatments are debated in literature. We present here a case series of patients treated with a unilateral craniotomy to perform a cerebellar strokectomy and extensive cerebro-spinal fluid drainage without osteo-dural posterior fossa decompression...
April 3, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614986/rapunzel-syndrome-an-infrequent-cause-of-severe-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-abdominal-pain-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
Giuseppe Cannalire, Luigi Conti, Maurizio Celoni, Carmine Grassi, Andrea Cella, Giulia Bensi, Patrizio Capelli, Giacomo Biasucci
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) and abdominal pain are commonly seen in a pediatric emergency department (8 and 18% incidence respectively in our center). They are manifestations of a wide variety of diseases ranging from benign to immediately life-threatening. Trichobezoar is an under-diagnosed entity that has to be considered in children and adolescents, expecially female, suffering from trichotillomania (compulsion to pull hair) and trichophagy (compulsion to swallow hair)...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608473/cavernous-sinus-aneurysm-associated-with-cerebellar-hemangioblastoma-in-an-adult-with-von-hippel-lindau-disease
#19
Hui Zhou, Shuo Sun, Hui Shi, Kui Ma
A case of cerebellar hemangioblastoma with von Hippel-Lindau disease and an aneurysm of the cavernous sinus segment of the internal carotid artery is presented here. A 60-year-old woman presented with a cerebellar solid tumor manifesting as headache of 4 months, progressive vomiting, and ataxia of half a month. Four-vessel angiography revealed a high stain mass tumor located in the posterior fossa; an aneurysm on the cavernous sinus segment of the internal carotid artery was demonstrated at the same time. The ipsilateral anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) branches were the main feeding vessels of the hemangioblastoma...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602618/thrombosed-aneurysm-of-the-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-and-lateral-medullary-ischemia-as-the-initial-presentation-of-polyarteritis-nodosa-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Monique Boukobza, Antoine Dossier, Jean-Pierre Laissy
A 27-year-old woman with a previously undiagnosed polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) developed lateral medullary stroke related to a thrombosed posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA)-origin aneurysm. A concurrent thrombosis of the PICA was identified on high-resolution 3-dimensional CUBE T1 magnetic resonance imaging sequence at 3 T. Body computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance imaging-magnetic resonance angiography, and digital angiography revealed multiple tiny aneurysms of the visceral arteries and bilateral kidney infarcts...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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