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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919688/leishmaniases-in-ecuador-comprehensive-review-and-current-status
#1
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Eduardo A L Gomez, Hirotomo Kato
This article reviews current knowledge about leishmaniases in Ecuador, proceeding from 1920, when the first human case was described, to the present, mainly focusing on the recent research events published. Regarding basic situations, it appears that 23 of Ecuador's 24 provinces have leishmaniasis-case reports. The disease is one of the mandatory notification infectious diseases in the country since 2005. All the 21,305 cases notified to the Ministry of Public Health, during the period from 2001 through 2014, were said to involve different clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) but not visceral (VL)...
December 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#2
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918385/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-in-preterm-infants-with-established-or-evolving-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-on-high-intensity-mechanical-ventilatory-support-a-single-center-experience
#3
Young Hwa Jung, Han-Suk Kim, Juyoung Lee, Seung Han Shin, Ee-Kyung Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to report possible improvements in ventilator variables associated with a transition from synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation to neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia who required a high level of mechanical ventilatory support in a single center. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Neonatal ICU. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine preterm infants with a median gestational age of 25...
December 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914663/outcome-of-alternative-approach-to-displaced-acetabular-fractures
#4
K S Park, C K Chan, G W Lee, H W Ahn, T R Yoon
INTRODUCTION: Anatomical reduction of displaced acetabular fracture is not without its' limitations and complications. This study is conducted to assess clinical and radiological outcomes as well as complications of treating displaced acetabular fractures with emphasis on anatomical reduction in weight-bearing area, mainly the posterior column, and imperfect reduction of the anterior column is acceptable. However, stability of both columns is mandatory. METHODS: It was a retrospective study carried out in a Level 1 arthroplasty and trauma centre...
November 27, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911364/an-intramedullary-locking-nail-for-standardized-fixation-of-femur-osteotomies-to-analyze-normal-and-defective-bone-healing-in-mice
#5
Tina Histing, Michael D Menger, Tim Pohlemann, Romano Matthys, Tobias Fritz, Patric Garcia, Moritz Klein
Bone healing models are essential to the development of new therapeutic strategies for clinical fracture treatment. Furthermore, mouse models are becoming more commonly used in trauma research. They offer a large number of mutant strains and antibodies for the analysis of the molecular mechanisms behind the highly differentiated process of bone healing. To control the biomechanical environment, standardized and well-characterized osteosynthesis techniques are mandatory in mice. Here, we report on the design and use of an intramedullary nail to stabilize open femur osteotomies in mice...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#6
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909275/-pseudoaneurysm-formation-after-aortic-root-replacement-using-freestyle-porcine-bioprosthesis
#7
Tetsuro Uchida, Azumi Hamasaki, Atsushi Yamashita, Ken Nakamura, Jun Hayashi, Satoko Funata, Seigo Gomi, Mitsuaki Sadahiro
We report a case of pseudoaneurysm formation after implantation of Medtronic Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis with a full root technique. A 65-year-old man previously underwent aortic root replacement with a Freestyle bioprosthesis. Ten years after the initial operation, pseudoaneurysm of the aortic root with a diameter of 6 cm was observed by computed tomography. At the reoperation, there was no sign of infective endocarditis, and the pseudoaneurysm was found to originate from the ruptured left and noncoronary sinuses...
December 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908767/should-we-routinely-analyze-reduction-mammaplasty-specimens
#8
Päivi A Merkkola-von Schantz, Tiina A Jahkola, Leena A Krogerus, Katja S Hukkinen, Susanna Mc Kauhanen
BACKGROUND: Reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures. Preoperative imaging and histopathology protocols vary among countries and institutions. We aimed to analyze the incidence of occult breast cancer and high-risk lesions in reduction mammaplasty specimens. We also analyzed whether patients with abnormal histopathology differed from the study population in terms of demographics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 918 women who underwent reduction mammaplasty from January 2007 to December 2011 were retrospectively reviewed for demographics, preoperative imaging, further preoperative examinations, pathology reports, and postoperative follow-up...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906845/an-algorithmic-approach-using-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-nasal-bone-fracture
#9
Ikkei Tamada, Takaaki Mori, Nobuaki Inoue, Hirokazu Shido, Marie Aoki, Yukie Nakamura, Ruri Kamogawa
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) was recently reported as a reliable modality for diagnosing nasal bone fractures. However, whether US is reliable as a screening tool in the pediatric emergency department (ED) remains unknown. This prospective cohort study had a 2-fold aim: to assess the utility of US in the diagnosis of pediatric nasal bone fracture, and to evaluate the validity of our protocol for managing pediatric nasal bone fractures (Fuchu-Kids algorithm). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among the patients who presented at the ED with facial trauma, those with a suspected nasal bone fracture were enrolled in the study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905191/race-and-ethnicity-and-preconception-folic-acid-supplement-use-among-pregnant-women-in-georgia-prams-2009-to-2011
#10
Ayesha Mukhtar, Michael R Kramer, Godfrey P Oakley, Vijaya Kancherla
BACKGROUND: The United States Public Health Service recommends that all women of reproductive age consume 400 μg of folic acid daily to prevent major neural tube defects. Hispanics have the highest prevalence of neural tube defects compared with other race/ethnic groups. We studied prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use, and its association with race/ethnicity among pregnant women in Georgia. METHODS: Using state-wide population-based data from 2009 to 2011 Georgia Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, we examined the prevalence of preconception folic acid supplement use among pregnant women aged 18 to 45 years...
December 1, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902957/giant-pedunclated-lipoma-of-the-esophagus-a-case-report
#11
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Akiko Koja, Tomonori Furugen, Yasuji Oshiro, Eriko Atsumi, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata, Masanao Saio, Naoki Yoshimi
INTRODUCTION: Although Esophageal lipoma is extremely rare and pathologically benign, surgical excision of the lipoma is recommended when symptomatic or uncertain biological behavior. In general, some of the esophageal lipoma has a stalk. The pedunclated non-invasive tumor can be removed by stalk ligation, which is either endoscopic or surgical approache. Therefore, the preoperative evaluation is essential. We herein present a case of a huge esophageal lipoma. CASE REPORT: A 82-year-old man, with a wet cough and dyspnea for 6 months, who had the huge mass that almost completely occupied the esophageal lumen, was referred to our institution for the treatment...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900183/severity-and-pattern-of-injuries-caused-by-the-traditional-swiss-team-sport-hornussen-first-retrospective-study-at-a-level-i-trauma-centre-in-switzerland
#12
Volkmar Waterkamp, Meret Ricklin, Benoît Schaller, Konstantinos Katsoulis, Aristomenis Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: This article addresses typical injury patterns related to the traditional Swiss team sport of Hornussen. A small plastic disk is struck with a special elastic racket and then intercepted in the field. Severe injuries have occasionally been reported. We present a systematic review of all cases of Hornussen injuries treated in the University Hospital of Bern from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: To assess the frequency, type and outcome of Hornussen injuries, we performed a database search of all inpatient and outpatient cases related to Hornussen and that were admitted to and/or treated in Bern University Hospital from 2000 to 2014...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896794/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-placement-of-central-venous-port-systems-via-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-in-elderly-oncologic-patients-our-single-center-experience-and-protocol
#13
Alfonso Canfora, Claudio Mauriello, Antonio Ferronetti, Gianpaolo Marte, Vittorio Di Maio, Guido Ciorra, Maria Grazia Esposito, Maria Elena Giuliano, Giovanni Fregola, Luigi Barra, Salvatore Cuzzovaglia, Vincenzo Bottino, Pietro Maida
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guidance has become the routine method for internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization reducing dramatically failure and complication rates for central venous port (CVP) placement. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided IJV CVP placement in elderly oncologic patients. METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 101 elderly oncological patients underwent right IJV CVP placement under ultrasound-guidance...
November 28, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890848/post-market-clinical-experience-with-the-incraft-aaa-stent-graft-system-for-challenging-access-routes
#14
Masayuki Sugimoto, Giovanni F Torsello, Giovanni B Torsello, Martin Austermann, Arne Stachmann, Theodosios Bisdas
PURPOSE: The INCRAFT system is a new device that has become available in Europe in September 2014 after the announcement of the 2-year results of the INNOVATION trial. However, no data in the "real-world" practice exist. Herein, we report our early series of consecutive patients treated with the INCRAFT after its launch on the market. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of patients enrolled in the INNOVATION trial (group IT) and consecutive patients from CE Mark approval to April 2015 (group CM) were retrospectively evaluated and compared...
November 24, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890680/the-putative-role-of-maldi-msi-in-the-study-of-membranous-nephropathy
#15
Andrew Smith, Vincenzo L'Imperio, Elena Ajello, Franco Ferrario, Niccolò Mosele, Martina Stella, Manuel Galli, Clizia Chinello, Federico Pieruzzi, Goce Spasovski, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Membranous Nephropathy (MN) is an immunocomplex mediated renal disease that represents the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults and is one of the most frequent glomerulopathies worldwide. This glomerular disease can manifest as primary (idiopathic) or secondary and this distinction is crucial when choosing the most appropriate management of patients. In secondary cases, the best strategy consists in treating the underlying disease whereas in primary forms, the possible identification of confirmatory markers of the idiopathic etiology underlining the process is requested by clinicians...
November 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890063/guideline-implementation-patient-information-management
#16
Jennifer L Fencl
Clinical documentation captured in a patient's record provides health care personnel with information that can be used to guide patient care. Data collected in electronic health records can be accessed and aggregated across the health care delivery system to enhance the safety, quality, and efficacy of care. The updated AORN "Guideline for patient information management" provides guidance to perioperative personnel on documenting and managing patient information. This article focuses on key points of the guideline, which address data capture that supports the clinical workflow, incorporation of professional guidelines and standards as well as regulatory and mandatory reporting elements, use of standardized clinical terminologies, data aggregation for use in research and analytics, considerations for patient care orders, and safeguards for the patient's security and confidentiality...
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888549/microscope-assisted-hepatic-artery-reconstruction-in-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-review-of-325-consecutive-cases-in-a-single-center
#17
Chen-Fang Lee, Johnny Chuieng Yi Lu, Ahmed Zidan, Ching-Song Lee, Tsung-Han Wu, Kun-Ming Chan, Wei-Chen Lee
BACKGROUND: Despite the technical and medical improvements in the recent years, hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) remains a devastating complication after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We described our surgical techniques and monitoring protocols for hepatic artery reconstruction. We reported one of the lowest incidence rates of HAT in the literature. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2015, a total of 325 LDLTs performed at our institute were retrospectively analyzed...
November 26, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887861/bias-in-the-reporting-of-harms-in-clinical-trials-of-second-generation-antidepressants-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#18
Alain Braillon, Florian Naudet
Serious adverse events are poorly reported in clinical trials of second-generation antidepressants. Moreover some key opinion leaders (eg. in France) deliberately failed to warn against them. The gross distortions of antidepressants' benefit:harm ratio in adolescents showed evidence that open science (ie access to de-identified individual patient data for re-analyses) is a mandatory prerequisite for a trustworthy science.
November 22, 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882251/bilateral-numb-chin-syndrome-as-the-initial-presentation-of-burkitt-s-lymphoma-leukemia-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Wafaa Bassuni, Reem Adas
Numb chin syndrome, also known as mental nerve neuropathy, is a rare sensory neuropathy characterized by paresthesia and hypoesthesia in the area supplied by the mental nerve and its branches. This syndrome may be the first symptom of underlying malignancy or the first sign of recurrence and metastasis in patients with preexisting cancer. In this article, we present two cases with bilateral numb chin syndrome as the first manifestation of Burkitt's lymphoma/leukemia and review the relevant literature. Numb chin syndrome should be considered as a warning sign and raise the suspicion for an underlying malignancy...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880969/the-prevalence-of-cruciate-ligament-and-meniscus-knee-injury-in-young-adults-and-associations-with-gender-body-mass-index-and-height-a-large-cross-sectional-study
#20
Ran Thein, Oded Hershkovich, Barak Gordon, Gideon Burstein, Shay Tenebaum, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ari Shamis, Arnon Afek, Yitshak Kreiss
Anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal injuries are associated with secondary osteoarthrosis which may lead to functional impairment and economic burden. The prevalence of knee injury has not been studied in depth. Our purpose was to report the prevalence of knee ligament and meniscal injuries and their associations with gender, body mass index (BMI), and height in young adults and to characterize individuals with meniscal injuries who gained full recovery. A cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
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