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Mandatory reporting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079717/-out-of-care-hiv-case-investigations-a-collaborative-analysis-across-6-states-in-the-northwest-us
#1
Julia C Dombrowski, Joanna Bove, James C Roscoe, Jessica Harvill, Caislin L Firth, Shireen Khormooji, Jason Carr, Peter Choi, Courtney Smith, Sean D Schafer, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: HIV care continuum estimates derived from laboratory surveillance typically assume that persons without recently reported CD4 count or viral load results are out of care. METHODS: We conducted a multistate project (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming) to ascertain the status of HIV cases that appeared to be out of care during a 12-month period. We used laboratory surveillance to identify cases in all states but Idaho, where viral load reporting is not mandatory, requiring us to rely on clinic records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079352/the-way-forward-in-italy-for-iodine
#2
Antonella Olivieri, Caterina DI Cosmo, Simona DE Angelis, Roberto DA Cas, Paolo Stacchini, Augusto Pastorelli, Paolo Vitti
Italy is dealing with iodine deficiency since ancient times. Indeed, iodine deficiency disorders, specifically goiter and cretinism, have been reported in some regions of Northern Italy already in the first century AD. However, a clear relationship between endemic goiter and endemic cretinism was recognized only in 1848 by an "ad hoc" committee appointed by the king of Sardinia, which identified extensive areas afflicted by these disorders in Piedmont, Liguria and Sardinia. With the identification in the early 20th century of iodine deficiency as the cause of endemic goiter1 many epidemiological studies were conducted in Italy...
January 12, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076578/confirmed-clinical-case-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-causes-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america-a-case-definition-for-surveillance
#3
Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo Álvarez-Estévez, Manuel Cerdas-Calderón, Zulma Cruz-Trujillo, Elio Mena, Marina Reyes, Mabel Sandoval-Diaz, Vicente Sánchez-Polo, Régulo Valdés, Pedro Ordúnez
Over the last 20 years, many reports have described an excess of cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Pacific coastal area of Central America, mainly affecting male farmworkers and signaling a serious public health problem. Most of these cases are not associated with traditional risk factors for CKD, such as aging, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This CKD of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) might be linked to environmental and/or occupational exposure or working conditions, limited access to health services, and poverty...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074980/-implications-of-chilean-legal-framework-in-teen-pregnancy-prevention-conflict-and-insecurity-in-health-professionals
#4
Carolina Luttges D, Carolina Leyton M, Ingrid Leal F, Paulina Troncoso E, Temístocles Molina G
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a psychosocial and multifactorial problem described as a lack of exercise of rights in sexual and reproductive health. There are important aspects in the doctor-patient relationship and confidentiality that directly affect the continuity and quality of care. There are controversies in the laws relating to the provision of contraception and confidentiality, and those that protect the sexual indemnity, especially in adolescents under 14 years. AIM: To describe the implications of the legal framework for professional midwives in the care of adolescents younger than 14 years in sexual and reproductive health...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074808/demonstration-of-blood-flow-by-color-doppler-in-the-femoral-artery-distal-to-arterial-cannula-during-peripheral-venoarterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#5
K G Suresh Rao, T Muralikrishna, K R Balakrishnan
In spite of distal perfusion of the limb using a cannula, the limb can have ischemic events if there is an undetected kink or clot anywhere in the line or thrombus in the artery. There are several ways to monitor and assess the limb ischemia. Monitoring for clinical signs of limb ischemia like temperature change and pallor is reliable and mandatory. We report a method where we used color Doppler to document the blood flow. Curvilinear vascular probe of an echo machine is used to identify the flow in the distal femoral artery of the lower limb...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074726/-assessments-during-medical-specialists-training-quantity-or-quality
#6
J F Hamming
Structured assessments form a mandatory part of Dutch Medical Specialist Training, but create administrative workload for both the staff and supervisors. One could argue that the quality of the narrative feedback is more important than the extensive reporting in learning portfolios, and that the focus should be on continuous on-the-job coaching.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074423/effectiveness-of-risk-evaluation-and-mitigation-strategies-rems-for-lenalidomide-and-thalidomide-patient-comprehension-and-knowledge-retention
#7
Nancy A Brandenburg, Robert Bwire, John Freeman, Florence Houn, Paul Sheehan, Jerome B Zeldis
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of patient education activities conducted within the lenalidomide and thalidomide risk evaluation and mitigation strategies (REMS) programs was evaluated by measuring understanding of serious risk and safe-use messages. METHODS: Results from mandatory knowledge, attitude, and behavior surveys and voluntary patient surveys completed between June 2012 and June 2013 were analyzed, and responses to questions relating to compliance with birth control measures and understanding of safe-use messages are presented by patient risk category...
January 10, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074107/frequency-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-the-status-of-cytological-p16-ki-67-dual-staining
#8
R Robial, A Longatto-Filho, C M Roteli-Martins, M F Silveira, D Stauffert, G G Ribeiro, I M Linhares, M Tacla, M A Zonta, E C Baracat
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is not a disease subject to mandatory reporting in Brazil, and the prevalence rate of this genital infection varies according to the region in which studies are conducted, as well as by the detection technique employed. Ct has been associated with persistence of Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the facilitation of cervical carcinoma development. We evaluated the Chlamydia trachomatis infection and its association with cytology, p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology and cervical intraepithelial lesions status in a screening cohort in Brazil...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073212/ultrasound-features-of-a-metastatic-seminal-vesicle-melanoma-a-case-report
#9
Andrea Fabiani, Emanuele Principi, Alessandra Filosa, Fabrizio Fioretti, Valentina Maurelli, Lucilla Servi, Gabriele Mammana
In this report we describe what we consider to be the second case of seminal vescicle (SV) metastasis from an unknown primary melanoma. only presenting symptom was a palpable firm nodule of the right prostate base on digital rectal examination (DRE). The diagnosis, after prostatic transrectal ultrasound examination (TRUS), was performed by ultrasound guided biopsy. We underline that prostatic TRUS evaluation is mandatory in case of abnormal digital rectal examination. Seminal vesicle must be always evaluated...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072670/instruments-to-identify-commercially-sexually-exploited-children-feasibility-of-use-in-an-emergency-department-setting
#10
Stephanie Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This review examines the screening instruments that are in existence today to identify commercially sexually exploited children. The instruments are compared and evaluated for their feasibility of use in an emergency department setting. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched to identify screening instruments that assessed solely for commercial sexual exploitation. Search terms included "commercially sexually exploited children," "CSEC," "domestic minor sex trafficking," "DMST," "juvenile sex trafficking," and "JST...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069887/mandatory-physician-reporting-of-at-risk-drivers-the-older-driver-example
#11
Yll Agimi, Steven M Albert, Ada O Youk, Patricia I Documet, Claudia A Steiner
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In a number of states, physicians are mandated by state law to report at-risk drivers to licensing authorities. Often these patients are older adult drivers who may exhibit unsafe driving behaviors, have functional/cognitive impairments, or are diagnosed with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease and/or seizure disorders. The hypothesis that mandatory physician reporting laws reduce the rate of crash-related hospitalizations among older adult drivers was tested...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069883/comparison-of-phenotypic-methods-for-the-detection-of-penicillinase-in-staphylococcus-aureus-and-proposal-of-a-practical-diagnostic-approach
#12
Michael Hombach, Christoph Weissert, Maria Magdalena Senn, Reinhard Zbinden
OBJECTIVES: Disc diffusion is a cost-efficient, low-complexity, reliable method for detection of blaZ-mediated benzylpenicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus if the zone edge is inspected. EUCAST breakpoints cannot fully separate β-lactamase-positive from β-lactamase-negative strains, and EUCAST recommends the zone edge test. Literature on nitrocefin-based testing and the zone edge test is scarce with wide variations in reported assay performance. METHODS: This study compared two different nitrocefin-based commercial and in-house tests and the EUCAST-based zone edge test for penicillinase detection in S...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065516/ignition-interlock-laws-effects-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-crashes-1982-2013
#13
Emma E McGinty, Gregory Tung, Juliana Shulman-Laniel, Rose Hardy, Lainie Rutkow, Shannon Frattaroli, Jon S Vernick
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol-involved motor vehicle crashes are a major cause of preventable mortality in the U.S., leading to more than 10,000 fatalities in 2013. Ignition interlocks, or alcohol-sensing devices connected to a vehicle's ignition to prevent it from starting if a driver has a predetermined blood alcohol content (BAC) level, are a promising avenue for preventing alcohol-involved driving. This study sought to assess the effects of laws requiring ignition interlocks for some or all drunk driving offenders on alcohol-involved fatal crashes...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065205/australia-s-national-notifiable-diseases-surveillance-system-1991-2011-expanding-adapting-and-improving
#14
K B Gibney, A C Cheng, R Hall, K Leder
We reviewed key attributes (flexibility, data quality and timeliness) of Australia's National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) over its first 21 years. Cases notified to NNDSS from 1991 to 2011 were examined by jurisdiction (six states and two territories) and sub-period to describe changes in the number of notifiable diseases, proportion of cases diagnosed using PCR tests, data quality (focusing on data completeness), and notification delays. The number of notifiable diseases increased from 37 to 65...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063374/fatigue-in-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Oh-Young Kwon, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
PURPOSE: To estimate the frequency and strength of fatigue in epilepsy patients. METHODS: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases were searched, and hand-searched data were added. For inclusion, the studies had to be original research articles that included fatigue data from adult epilepsy patients. The strength was estimated using studies reporting fatigue scores of standardized inventories for the patients and healthy controls. The fatigue frequency was estimated based on studies reporting the number of fatigue events in patients...
November 16, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061423/correlation-between-fetal-autopsy-and-prenatal-diagnosis-by-ultrasound-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
A Cristina Rossi, Federico Prefumo
: The objective of this study was to review literature about the correlation between fetal autopsy and ultrasound findings of fetal malformations. Search in PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Clinicl trials.org, reference list was performed. Inclusion criteria for studies selection were: fetal autopsy performed after termination of pregnancy (TOP) or stillbirth, TOP for fetal anomalies, prenatal diagnosis of malformations, data reported as proportional rates. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: case reports, non English language, data reported in graphs or percentage...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060982/-ethical-dilemmas-about-disclosure-of-errors-in-medicine
#17
Sebastián Lavanderos, Juan Pedraza, Moisés Russo N, Sofía P Salas
Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine’s report “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System” awareness of the importance of medical errors has increased. These are a major cause of morbidity and mortality and recent studies suggest that they can be the third leading cause of death in the United States. Difficulties have been identified by health personnel to prevent, detect and disclose to patients the occurrence of a medical error, an also to report them to the appropriate authorities. Although human error cannot be eliminated, it is possible to design safety systems to mitigate their frequency and consequences...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060392/intravitreal-aflibercept-for-neovascular-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-in-a-predominantly-non-asian-population-rival-results
#18
Amina Farooq, Heather Frazier, William B Marcus, Chelsea Fechter, Harinderjit Singh, Dennis M Marcus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea; Regeneron, Tarrytown, NY) injection (IAI) for the treatment of neovascular polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a predominantly non-Asian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was an open-label, prospective, unmasked, nonrandomized clinical trial. Twenty eyes with neovascular PCV received monthly 2.0 mg IAI for 3 months followed by mandatory IAI every 2 months for 12 months...
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054727/direct-comparison-of-point-by-point-and-rapid-ultra-high-resolution-electroanatomical-mapping-in-patients-scheduled-for-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation
#19
Laura Rottner, Andreas Metzner, Feifan Ouyang, Christian Heeger, Kentaro Hayashi, Thomas Fink, Christine Lemes, Shibu Mathew, Tilman Maurer, Bruno REIßMANN, Enida Rexha, Johannes Riedl, Ardan M Saguner, Francesco Santoro, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Christian Sohns
INTRODUCTION: 3D electroanatomical mapping (EAM) is an established tool facilitating catheter ablation. In this context the novel Rhythmia system sets a new bar in fast high-resolution mapping. The aim of this study was to directly compare point-by-point versus rapid ultra high-resolution EAM in patients scheduled for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) with focus on procedural data, acute success and mid-term clinical outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total number of 74 consecutive patients (48/74 male) with symptomatic AF were scheduled to undergo pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using either Carto or Rhythmia...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054022/low-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma-with-extensive-sex-cord-differentiation-heterologous-elements-and-complex-atypical-hyperplasia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#20
Abby M Richmond, Andrew J Rohrer, Susan A Davidson, Miriam D Post
•Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) may have sex cord differentiation, usually focal.•Diagnosis of ESS is difficult when variant morphology predominates.•Prognosis differs between ESS and UTROSCT; therefore, distinction is critical.•Extensive tumor sampling is mandatory to identify neoplastic endometrial stroma.•Sex cord differentiation may be associated with endometrial hyperplasia.
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
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