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Pap test

Serap Argun Baris, Dilek Tuncel, Cigdem Ozerdem, Huseyin Kutlu, Tugba Onyilmaz, Ilknur Basyigit, Hasim Boyaci, Fusun Yildiz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of neurocognitive dysfunctions, depression and anxiety and the effect of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on these alterations in Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) patients. METHODS: Ten healthy normal and obese controls, 10 OHS and 10 OSAS patients were included in the study. Short form-36, Beck Depression Scale and State-Trade Anxiety Inventory (STAI 1-2) were performed. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MOCA), Enhanced Cued Recall (ECR) and Mini Mental Test (MMT) were used for neurocognitive evaluation...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Vânia Sammartino Mariano, Adriana Tarlá Lorenzi, Cristovam Scapulatempo-Neto, Maíra Degiovani Stein, Julio Cesar Possati Resende, Márcio Antoniazzi, Luisa Lina Villa, José Eduardo Levi, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, José Humberto Tavares Guerreiro Fregnani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility and accuracy of the HPV16/18-E6 test. METHODS: The study population was comprised of 448 women with a previously abnormal Pap who were referred to the Barretos Cancer Hospital (Brazil) for diagnosis and treatment. Two cervical samples were collected immediately before colposcopy, one for the hr-HPV-DNA test and cytology and the other for the HPV16/18-E6 test using high-affinity monoclonal antibodies (mAb). Women with a histologic diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3 were considered to be positive cases...
2016: PloS One
Srilekha Namala, Vijay Srinivas Guduru, Anuradha Ananthaneni, Sabitha Devi, Puneeth Horrati Kuberappa, Urmila Udayashankar
BACKGROUND: Micronuclei (MN) in oral exfoliative cells have been shown to indicate a disparaging change in genetic information of the cell. Recent studies showed correlation between the frequency of MN and severity of this damage. Grading of lesions can be used to determine the austerity of this damage. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the MN frequency in oral exfoliated cells of normal and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) individuals and to cytologically grade the frequency of MN in cytological smears and to correlate it with histological grading...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Shwetha Nambiar, Veda Hegde, Nikhil Yadav, Kaveri Hallikeri
BACKGROUND: Exfoliative cytology is the microscopic examination of shed or desquamated cells from the epithelial surface. Centrifuged liquid-based cytology (CLBC) is a modified technique that was used in the current study. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of CLBC with conventional cytology in apparently normal mucosa after staining with Papanicolaou (PAP) stain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty cases of apparently normal mucosa from healthy subjects were selected for the study...
July 2016: Journal of Cytology
Jie W Weiss, Michele Mouttapa, Lola Sablan-Santos, Jasmine DeGuzman Lacsamana, Lourdes Quitugua, Sora Park Tanjasiri
This study employed a Multi-Attribute Utility (MAU) model to examine the Pap test decision-making process among Pacific Islanders (PI) residing in Southern California. A total of 585 PI women were recruited through social networks from Samoan and Tongan churches, and Chamorro family clans. A questionnaire assessed Pap test knowledge, beliefs and past behaviour. The three MAU parameters of subjective value, subjective probability and momentary salience were measured for eight anticipated consequences of having a Pap test (e...
October 15, 2016: Health Education Research
Jing Rui Tang, Nor Ashidi Mat Isa, Ewe Seng Ch'ng
Pap test involves searching of morphological changes in cervical squamous epithelial cells by pathologists or cytotechnologists to identify potential cancerous cells in the cervix. Nuclear membrane irregularity is one of the morphological changes of malignancy. This paper proposes two novel techniques for the evaluation of nuclear membrane irregularity. The first technique, namely, penalty-driven smoothing analysis, introduces different penalty values for nuclear membrane contour with different degrees of irregularity...
2016: PloS One
Austyn L Nealer, Dustin D Dunnick, Kylie K Malyszek, Megan A Wong, Pablo B Costa, Jared W Coburn, Lee E Brown
Speed is a crucial element an athlete must possess to be successful. In soccer, the ability to accelerate faster than your opponent can result in being first to reach a ball on a breakaway or stopping a counter attack. A unique way to train explosive movements is to evoke postactivation potentiation (PAP) in the working muscles. Traditionally, an overload stimulus with a long rest period is used, but a model utilizing an overspeed stimulus with shorter rest periods is less understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the acute effects of varied rest intervals following assisted sprinting on bodyweight sprint time...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Iris Reychav, Avi Parush, Roger McHaney, Maya Hazan, Rami Moshonov
This article focuses on a conceptual framework that can be applied to the use of mobile technology in the waiting room with the goal of empowering women recently diagnosed with abnormal Pap test results. It further describes trends which indicate a need for improved and timely information dissemination. Genecology practice outpatients report a predominant feeling of worry on receipt of abnormal medical test results, along with a clearly expressed wish for additional information. This research suggests that there is room for improvement in existing processes through use of mobile technology with carefully vetted materials which indicate a doctor is interested in the patient's well-being...
October 13, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
Erika E Doxtader, Jennifer A Brainard, Dawn Underwood, Deborah J Chute
BACKGROUND: Because of cervical cancer screening recommendations and forthcoming first-line human papillomavirus (HPV) screening, many Papanicolaou (Pap) tests will be performed in patients with known concurrent HPV results. This study was designed to evaluate whether knowledge of the HPV status affects cytotechnologists' interpretation of Pap tests. METHODS: A retrospective search of cervical screening Pap tests with known concurrent HPV results provided 250 ThinPrep Pap tests, which were chosen to reflect an atypical rate similar to the rate of the Cleveland Clinic's normal practice...
October 12, 2016: Cancer
F M Carozzi, C Ocello, E Burroni, H Faust, M Zappa, E Paci, A Iossa, P Bonanni, M Confortini, C Sani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A randomized trial was conducted in Tuscany, Italy, to evaluate the effectiveness of HPV vaccination for 25year old (yo) women who attend at the first time cervical cancer screening. The trial also evaluated immune response after vaccination, reductions of cytological abnormalities and the impact of vaccination on screening activity. STUDY DESIGN: During 2010-2011, all 25 yo women who were invited to the Florence cervical cancer screening programme were also asked to participate in the trial...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Hazem Mahmoud Al-Mandeel, Emad Sagr, Khalid Sait, Hassan Mohamed Latifah, Abdulaziz Al-Obaid, Ismail A Al-Badawi, Abdulmohsen O Alkushi, Hany Salem, Nada S Massoudi, Holger Schunemann, Reem A Mustafa, Romina Brignardello-Petersen
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecological malignancy in Saudi women with an estimated incidence rate of 1.9 cases per 100 000 women-years. More than 40% of cervical cancer cases are diagnosed at advanced stages due to lack of a routine screening program in Saudi Arabia. Thus, national guidelines for routine screening and treatment of precancerous cervical lesions are needed. METHODS: The Saudi Centre for Evidence-Based Healthcare invited a panel of local experts and partnered them with a team from McMaster University in Canada for methodological support, to develop national clinical practice guidelines on the screening and treatment of precancerous lesions for cervical cancer...
September 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Luísa Sá, Orquídea Ribeiro, Luís Filipe Azevedo, Luciana Couto, Altamiro Costa-Pereira, Alberto Hespanhol, Paulo Santos, Carlos Martins
OBJECTIVES: To determine, in the context of primary care preventive health services, the level of importance that Portuguese patients attribute to different preventive activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Primary Healthcare, Portugal. PARTICIPANTS: 1000 Portuguese adults selected by a stratified cluster sampling design were invited to participate in a computer-assisted telephone survey. Persons with a cognitive or physical disability that hampered the ability to complete a telephone interview and being a nursing home resident or resident in any other type of collective dwelling were excluded...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
Mahira Jahic, Elmir Jahic
BACKGROUND: Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) is a term that refers to inflammatory, reactive and reparative processes which are atypical and of higher level and insufficient to be classified as cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN). AIMS: Examine of frequency of HPV infection in ASCUS lesions and regression, stagnation and progression during six-month period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective study was conducted over a period of 3 years...
July 27, 2016: Medical Archives
Mira L Katz, Barret J Zimmermann, Deborah Moore, E D Paskett, Paul Reiter
Cervical cancer (CC) incidence and mortality rates are increased, and CC screening rates are low among Appalachian Ohio women. Mailing human papillomavirus (HPV) self-tests to women to complete at home is a potential new strategy to engage women in CC screening.We aimed to gain insights into the perceived acceptability of mailed HPV self-tests. We conducted focus groups (August 2014-January 2015) among providers (physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses) and women in Appalachian Ohio. Providers (n = 28) and women (n = 15; age range: 32-62 years) reported general acceptance of HPV self-tests, however, for different reasons...
October 4, 2016: Women & Health
Margot M Koeneman, Freyja Hm van Lint, Sander Mj van Kuijk, Luc Jm Smits, Loes Fs Kooreman, Roy Fpm Kruitwagen, Arnold J Kruse
This study aims to develop a prediction model for spontaneous regression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN 2) lesions based on simple clinical and pathological parameters. The study was conducted at Maastricht University Medical Center, the Netherlands. The prediction model was developed in a retrospective cohort of 129 women with a histological diagnosis of CIN 2 who were managed by watchful waiting for 6-24months. Five potential predictors for spontaneous regression were selected based on the literature and expert opinion and were analyzed in a multivariable logistic regression model, followed by backward stepwise deletion based on the Wald test...
September 30, 2016: Human Pathology
Mengxi Li, Shouyang Wang, Weiquan Lin, Jinhui Li, Chunyang Wang, Huai Chen, Wenju Lu, Kai Yang, Jian Wang, Qingsi Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To develop a formula to compute mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP) by chest computerized tomography (CT), and to verify its accuracy and reliability. METHODS: 85 patients who had taken chest CT and right heart catheterization (RHC) were recruited. The pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP), pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure (PADP) and MPAP of each subject were measured and recorded by right heart catheterization (RHC). The diameters of the ascending aorta (dAA), descending aorta (dDA) and main pulmonary artery (dMPA), Cobb angle, diameters of right ventricle (dRV), diameters of left ventricle (dLV) were measured by means of chest CT scans...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Fang-Hsin Lee, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Yung-Mei Yang, Joh-Jong Huang, Hsiu-Min Tsai
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the factors associated with the intention to receive a Pap test among married immigrant women of Vietnamese origin living in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional community-based study. We enrolled 281 women aged 30 years and over in the study, from July 2013 to January 2014. The participants' characteristics, cervical cancer knowledge, Pap test knowledge, attitudes toward cervical cancer, barriers to receiving a Pap test, fatalism, and intention to receive a Pap test, were measured using self-report questionnaires...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Kyounghae Kim, Soohyun Kim, Joseph J Gallo, Marie T Nolan, Hae-Ra Han
BACKGROUND: Understanding how individuals make decisions about Pap tests concerning their personal values helps health-care providers offer tailored approaches to guide patients' decision making. Yet research has largely ignored decision making about Pap tests among immigrant women who experience increased risk of cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: To explore decision making about Pap tests among Korean immigrant women. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using 32 semi-structured, in-depth interviews with Korean immigrant women residing in a north-eastern metropolitan area...
September 30, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Vicki B Benard, Philip E Castle, Steven A Jenison, William C Hunt, Jane J Kim, Jack Cuzick, Ji-Hyun Lee, Ruofei Du, Michael Robertson, Scott Norville, Cosette M Wheeler
Importance: A substantial effect of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines on reducing HPV-related cervical disease is essential before modifying clinical practice guidelines in partially vaccinated populations. Objective: To determine the population-based cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) trends when adjusting for changes in cervical screening practices that overlapped with HPV vaccination implementation. Design, Setting, and Participants: The New Mexico HPV Pap Registry, which captures population-based estimates of both cervical screening prevalence and CIN, was used to compute CIN trends from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Israh Akhtar, Rhyne Flowers, Theresa Nuttli, Vikas Nath, Mithra Baliga
Sarcomatoid squamous cell carcinoma (SSCC) of the uterine cervix is a rare malignancy with uncertain pathogenesis and aggressive clinical behavior. The diagnosis of this tumor poses a challenge to the cytopathologist since accurate diagnosis is based on identification of two malignant components, that is, epithelial and sarcomatoid. Most cases usually lack the sarcomatoid component on Papanicolaou test (Pap test). Therefore, a poorly differentiated carcinoma or malignant neoplasm is the most often rendered diagnosis...
September 27, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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