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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805362/how-the-affordable-care-act-has-helped-women-gain-insurance-and-improved-their-ability-to-get-health-care-findings-from-the-commonwealth-fund-biennial-health-insurance-survey-2016
#2
Munira Z Gunja, Sara R Collins, Michelle M Doty, Sophie Beautel
ISSUE: Prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), one-third of women who tried to buy a health plan on their own were either turned down, charged a higher premium because of their health, or had specific health problems excluded from their plans. Beginning in 2010, ACA consumer protections, particularly coverage for preventive care screenings with no cost-sharing and a ban on plan benefit limits, improved the quality of health insurance for women. In 2014, the law’s major insurance reforms helped millions of women who did not have employer insurance to gain coverage through the ACA’s marketplaces or through Medicaid...
August 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799850/a-qualitative-study-exploring-factors-associated-with-pap-test-use-among-north-korean-refugees
#3
Kyounghae Kim, Soohyun Kim, Yoonkyung Chung
Lack of medical care in North Korea and vulnerability to human trafficking during their migration increase risks of cervical cancer among North Korean refugees. To better understand factors influencing Pap test use, we conducted a qualitative study of 8 North Korean refugees in South Korea. Individual barriers were limited knowledge, lack of perceived need for preventive services, and concerns about costs. Environmental facilitators included having female providers, receiving family support, and free screenings...
August 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796056/examining-the-association-between-possessing-a-regular-source-of-healthcare-and-adherence-with-cancer-screenings-among-haitian-households-in-little-haiti-miami-dade-county-florida
#4
Hauchie Pang, Mariel Cataldi, Emmanuelle Allseits, Melissa Ward-Peterson, Pura Rodríguez de la Vega, Grettel Castro, Juan Manuel Acuña
Immigrant minorities regularly experience higher incidence and mortality rates of cancer. Frequently, a variety of social determinants create obstacles for those individuals to get the screenings they need. This is especially true for Haitian immigrants, a particularly vulnerable immigrant population in South Florida, who have been identified as having low cancer screening rates. While Haitian immigrants have some of the lowest cancer screening rates in the country, there is little existing literature that addresses barriers to cancer screenings among the population of Little Haiti in Miami-Dade County, Florida...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791267/atypical-squamous-cells-of-undetermined-significance-and-low-grade-squamous-intraepithelial-lesion-triage-in-korean-women-revisiting-the-2012-american-society-of-colposcopy-and-cervical-pathology-screening-guidelines
#5
Ji Yeon Hyun, Kyung-Jin Min, Sun Young Yang, Jae-Kwan Lee, Jin Hwa Hong
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether triage for atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) and low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) from the updated American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology cervical cancer screening guidelines is applicable in Korean women. METHODS: We investigated women with ASC-US or LSIL including referred from local hospitals visited for cervical cancer screening at Korea University Guro Hospital from February 2004 to December 2014...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782626/%C3%AE-4-3-ketosteroids-as-a-new-class-of-substrates-for-the-cytosolic-sulfotransferases
#6
Takuyu Hashiguchi, Katsuhisa Kurogi, Takehiko Shimohira, Takamasa Teramoto, Ming-Cheh Liu, Masahito Suiko, Yoichi Sakakibara
Cytosolic sulfotransferase (SULT)-mediated sulfation is generally known to involve the transfer of a sulfonate group from the active sulfate, 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS), to a hydroxyl group or an amino group of a substrate compound. We report here that human SULT2A1, in addition to being able to sulfate dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and other hydroxysteroids, could also catalyze the sulfation of Δ(4)-3-ketosteroids, which carry no hydroxyl groups in their chemical structure. Among a panel of Δ(4)-3-ketosteroids tested as substrates, 4-androstene-3,17-dione and progesterone were found to be sulfated by SULT2A1...
August 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781115/preferences-for-cervical-cancer-screening-the-role-of-implicit-associations
#7
Ida J Korfage, Erik W de Kwaadsteniet, Arno van Voorst, Anne M Stiggelbout, Marieke de Vries, Arwen H Pieterse
OBJECTIVES: Implicit associations influence behaviour, but their impact on cancer screening intentions is unknown. METHODS: We assessed implicit associations with cervical cancer screening using an evaluative priming task. Participants were shown primes ('Pap test', neutral or non-word) followed by positive or negative target words. The test is based on the assumption that response times are shorter if primes and targets are strongly associated in the participant's mind...
July 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771986/clinicopathological-significance-of-atypical-glandular-cells-on-cervicovaginal-pap-smears
#8
Mi-Kyung Kim, Yoo Kyung Lee, Sung Ran Hong, Kyung Taek Lim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histologic correlation and clinical significance of atypical glandular cells (AGC) detected on Pap tests. METHODS: Pap tests interpreted as AGC were retrieved from an institutional cytopathology database. The AGC subcategories according to the Bethesda system 2001 include atypical glandular cells, not otherwise specified (AGC-NOS), atypical endometrial cells (AEM), and atypical endocervical cells (AEC). Clinicopathologic variables were collected from medical records retrospectively, and histologic follow-up diagnoses were correlated with AGC subcategories...
August 3, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770002/six-years-genotype-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-in-calabria-region-southern-italy-a-retrospective-study
#9
Luisa Galati, Cinzia Peronace, Maria Teresa Fiorillo, Rosanna Masciari, Cristina Giraldi, Salvatore Nisticò, Pasquale Minchella, Vincenzo Maiolo, Giorgio Settimo Barreca, Nadia Marascio, Angelo Giuseppe Lamberti, Aida Giancotti, Maria Gabriella Lepore, Francesca Greco, Maria Vittoria Mauro, Annelisa Borelli, Giuseppa Lo Bocchiaro, Giovanni Surace, Maria Carla Liberto, Alfredo Focà
BACKGROUND: Although analysis of the Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotype spread in a particular area has a crucial impact on public health and prevention programmes, there is a lack of epidemiological data regarding HPV in the Calabria region of Italy. We therefore update information on HPV age/genotype distribution by retrospectively analysing a cohort of women, with and without cervical lesions, living in Calabria, who underwent HPV DNA testing; moreover, we also evaluated HPV age/genotype distribution in a subset of patients with cervical lesions...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769590/exploring-the-acceptability-of-human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-among-muslim-immigrant-women
#10
Aisha K Lofters, Mandana Vahabi, Mitra Fardad, Afrah Raza
BACKGROUND: With appropriate screening (ie, the Papanicolaou [Pap] test), cervical cancer is highly preventable, and high-income countries, including Canada, have observed significant decreases in cervical cancer mortality. However, certain subgroups, including immigrants from countries with large Muslim populations, experience disparities in cervical cancer screening. Little is known about the acceptability of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as a screening strategy among Muslim immigrant women in Canada...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765858/history-development-and-future-of-cancer-screening-in-australia
#11
Ian N Olver, David Roder
INTRODUCTION: The aim of screening an asymptomatic population for cancer is to achieve better health outcomes, particularly a population survival benefit. Australia has three population screening programs: the National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP), BreastScreen Australia and the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). METHODS: We reviewed the history and development of the three programs. NCSP: Women have a Pap smear every 2 years from age 18-20, or 2 years after first becoming sexually active, until age 69...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762539/the-impact-of-antibody-profile-in-thrombosis-associated-with-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#12
Sabrina da Silva Saraiva, Bruna de Moraes Mazetto, Lais Quinteiro Tobaldine, Marina Pereira Colella, Erich Vinícius De Paula, Joyce Annichinno-Bizzachi, Fernanda Andrade Orsi
Triple positivity (TP) for antiphospholipid antibodies(aPL) may identify aPL carriers with poorer prognosis. The clinical impact of TP in primary antiphospholipid syndrome(PAPS) remains unclear and further clinical evidences are needed to validate TP as a marker of severity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of TP on the clinical course of PAPS with thrombosis(t-PAPS). We performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort of t-PAPS patients, comparing groups of patients with TP and non-TP profiles according to their demographic, clinical and laboratory features...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761025/eleven-year-review-of-data-on-pap-smears-in-saudi-arabia-we-need-more-focus-on-glandular-abnormalities
#13
Haitham Nasser, Mohammad AlAyyaf, Azza Atallah, Mohammad Aminulislam, Lubna Rizwan, Abdulsalam Aodah, Yasser Alkahtani, Haifa Alshammari, Ahmed Alsayed, Susan Szpunar
BACKGROUND: We reviewed data from Saudi Arabia on epithelial cell abnormalities (ECA) detected by Pap smear after noticing a slight increase in the incidence of cervical glandular abnormalities in our regional laboratory in recent years. OBJECTIVE: Clarify data on adenocarcinoma (ADCA) on Pap smears in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective study. SETTINGS: Regional laboratory, Riyadh. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all Pap smears of adult females between 2006 and 2016 and compared our data with previously published results from Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754585/the-impact-of-the-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-guideline-changes-in-pap-tests-on-annual-chlamydia-test-rates
#14
Hsien-Lin Hsieh, Jill Huppert, Chirag G Patel, Guoyu Tao
PURPOSE: To assess impact of the 2009 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Pap guideline changes on chlamydia testing rates among sexually active young women. METHODS: The study included sexually active women aged 15-25 years enrolled in commercial health plans from 2005 to 2014. We identified sexually active women by diagnosis, procedure, and drug codes in inpatient, outpatient, and drug claims databases. We identified Pap tests and chlamydia tests among sexually active adolescents (15-20 years) and young adults (21-25 years) over time...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749860/anal-pap-tests-to-decrease-anal-cancer-burden-in-hiv-infected-patients
#15
Courtney DuBois Shihabuddin
Usually HPV related, the cancer is increasingly common in this population.
August 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739302/comparison-of-the-analytical-and-clinical-performance-of-five-tests-for-the-detection-of-human-papillomavirus-genital-infection
#16
M Del Pino, I Alonso, A Trujillo, S Bernal, D Geraets, N Guimerà, A Torne, J Ordi
HPV-based screening provides greater protection against cervical cancer (CC) than cytology-based strategies. Currently, several molecular diagnostic assays for the detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) are available. In this study, we analyzed 5 different HPV testing and genotyping techniques (Hybrid Capture 2 [HC2; Qiagen, Hilden, Germany], AnyplexTMII HPV28 [Anyplex; Seegene, Seoul, Korea], Linear Array [Roche, Branchburg, NJ, USA], GP5+/6+ PCR-EIA-RH [Labo Bio-medical Products, Rijswijk, The Netherlands] and CLART2 [Genomica, Madrid, Spain]) in 295 women referred to the hospital Colposcopy Clinic from 2007 to 2008 due to positive HPV test results or an abnormal Pap test...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733059/evaluation-of-recall-and-reminder-letters-on-retention-rates-in-an-organized-cervical-screening-program
#17
Emily Tsoa, Anna J Kone Pefoyo, Kate Tsiplova, Rachel Kupets
OBJECTIVE: It is key for women to return to screening at regular intervals to ensure the effectiveness of early detection and protective effects of the Pap test. A correspondence program was initiated in Ontario in 2013 to implement a recall and reminder letter sent to women 2.9 years from their prior normal Pap test. This study sought to evaluate the impact of the recall letter and reminder on retention rates for cervical screening. METHODS: A cohort study with a historical control was carried out with an exposed group, defined as women receiving a letter for recall in the week of November 21-27, 2013, and a non-exposed, control arm of women who did not receive the letter but who would have been eligible for correspondence in the same time period in 2012...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730227/hpv-genotyping-and-p16%C3%A3-ki-67-dual-staining-in-the-detection-of-high-grade-cervical-lesion-in-patients-with-lsil-on-pap-smear
#18
Lavinia Cristina Moleriu, Ioan Sas, Adrian Claudiu RaŢiu, Mădălin Marius Margan, Cristina Anamaria Secoşan, Răzvan Ştefan Ilina, Florin George Horhat, Loredana Gabriela Stana, Dorin Grigoraş, LaurenŢiu Cornel Pirtea
p16÷Ki-67 dual-stained cytology, either alone or combined with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16÷18 genotyping, could be a useful tool for triage for colposcopy of HPV-positive patients. Based on this background, we aimed at comparing the diagnostic performance of the p16÷Ki-67 dual staining test, and high-risk HPV test for the detection of high-risk cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2÷3) in patients diagnosed with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) on Pap smear. We performed a retrospective study including 184 patients with LSIL cytology on Pap smear, of which 64 were referred for biopsy after colposcopy...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729879/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-the-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-qhpv-vaccine-in-hiv-positive-spanish-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm
#19
Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, Jessica Ramírez-Taboada, Concepción Gil-Anguita, Javier Esquivias, Mohamed Omar-Mohamed-Balgahata, Antonio SamPedro, Miguel Lopez-Ruz, Juan Pasquau
BACKGROUND: Safety and immunogenicity of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (qHPV) vaccine were evaluated in HIV-positive Spanish MSM. The prevalence of High Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HSIL) and genotypes of high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) were also determined, as well as risk factors associated with the presence of HR-HPV in anal mucosa. METHODS: This is a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of the quadrivalent HPV (qHPV) vaccine...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728620/insulin-resistance-and-hypertension-in-obese-youth-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-treated-with-positive-airway-pressure-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#20
Sherri L Katz, Joanna E MacLean, Lynda Hoey, Linda Horwood, Nicholas Barrowman, Bethany Foster, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Laurent Legault, Glenda N Bendiak, Valerie G Kirk, Evelyn Constantin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that cardiometabolic disease associated with obesity and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is present in youth. SDB is often treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) in youth with obesity. Our aims were to determine: (1) the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease and (2) whether PAP improves markers of cardiometabolic disease, in youth with obesity and newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study was conducted in youth (8 to 16 years old) with obesity, prescribed PAP therapy for newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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