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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914320/biochemical-precursor-effects-on-the-fatty-acid-production-in-cell-suspension-cultures-of-theobroma-cacao-l
#1
O Parra, A M Gallego, A Urrea, L F Rojas, C Correa, L Atehortúa
Cocoa butter (CB) is composed of 96% palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic fatty acids that are responsible for the hardness, texture and fusion properties of chocolate. Through in vitro plant cell culture it is possible to modify CB lipid profiles and to study the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway on a subcellular level, evaluating fundamental aspects to enhance in vitro fatty acid production in a specific and controlled way. In this research, culture media was supplemented with acetate, biotin, pyruvate, bicarbonate and glycerol at three different concentrations and the effects on the biomass production (g/L), cell viability, and fatty acids profile and production was evaluated in in vitro cell suspensions culture...
November 25, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899529/short-term-effects-of-trans-fatty-acids-from-ruminant-and-industrial-sources-on-surrogate-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-healthy-men-and-women-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#2
Thomas Radtke, Alexandra Schmid, Anja Trepp, Frieda Dähler, Michael Coslovsky, Prisca Eser, Matthias Wilhelm, Hugo Saner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine short-term effects of trans fatty acid (TFA) intake from ruminant and industrial sources on surrogate markers of cardiovascular risk in the context of a balanced diet with 30-36% of daily energy from fat. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel-design study. METHODS: In this study, 142 healthy volunteers aged 45 to 69 years were randomly allocated to three different diets: either a diet enriched with 2% of daily energy intake from ruminant TFA (rTFA) or with industrial TFA (iTFA), or a diet without TFA (wTFA), for a duration of four weeks...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898262/characterization-of-genetic-loss-of-function-of-fus-in-zebrafish
#3
Svetlana Lebedeva, António M de Jesus Domingues, Falk Butter, René F Ketting
The RNA-binding protein FUS is implicated in transcription, alternative splicing of neuronal genes and DNA repair. Mutations in FUS have been linked to human neurodegenerative diseases such as ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). We genetically disrupted fus in zebrafish (Danio rerio) using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. The fus knockout animals are fertile and did not show any distinctive phenotype. Mutation of fus induces mild changes in gene expression on the transcriptome and proteome level in the adult brain...
November 29, 2016: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881593/dairy-food-intake-is-associated-with-reproductive-hormones-and-sporadic-anovulation-among-healthy-premenopausal-women
#4
Keewan Kim, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Kara A Michels, Torie C Plowden, Ellen N Chaljub, Lindsey A Sjaarda, Sunni L Mumford
BACKGROUND: Dairy food intake has been associated with infertility; however, little is known with regard to associations with reproductive hormones or anovulation. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether intakes of dairy foods and specific nutrients were associated with reproductive hormone concentrations across the cycle and the risk of sporadic anovulation among healthy women. METHODS: We prospectively measured serum reproductive hormones ≤8 times/menstrual cycle for 2 cycles from 259 regularly menstruating women (mean age: 27...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872877/data-on-spermatogenesis-in-rat-males-gestationally-exposed-to-bisphenol-a-and-high-fat-diets
#5
Pheruza Tarapore, Max Hennessy, Dan Song, Jun Ying, Bin Ouyang, Vinothini Govindarajah, Yuet-Kin Leung, Shuk-Mei Ho
This data article contains supporting information regarding the research article entitled "High butter-fat diet and bisphenol A additively impair male rat spermatogenesis" (P. Tarapore, M. Hennessy, D. Song, J. Ying, B. Ouyang, V. Govindarajah, et al.,) [1]. Sprague-Dawley females were fed AIN, high fat butter, 17α-ethinyl estradiol, or high fat butter plus four bisphenol A doses (2500 µg/kg bw-d, 250 µg/kg bw-d, 25 µg/kg bw-d, and 2.5 µg/kg bw-d) before and during pregnancy. All diets were switched to AIN after the pups were born...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856124/enhanced-molecular-aging-in-late-life-depression-the-senescent-associated-secretory-phenotype
#6
Breno Satler Diniz, Charles F Reynolds, Etienne Sibille, Chien-Wei Lin, George Tseng, Francis Lotrich, Howard J Aizenstein, Meryl A Butters
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether a systemic molecular pattern associated with aging (senescent-associated secretory phenotype [SASP]) is elevated in adults with late-life depression (LLD), compared with never-depressed elderly comparison participants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: We included 111 older adults (80 with LLD and 31 comparison participants) in this study. MEASUREMENT: A panel of 22 SASP-related proteins was extracted from a previous multiplex protein panel performed in these participants...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852810/multicomponent-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-predictors-of-functional-and-psychocognitive-recovery
#7
Sarah Eichler, Annett Salzwedel, Rona Reibis, Jörg Nothroff, Axel Harnath, Martin Schikora, Christian Butter, Karl Wegscheider, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become a promising treatment modality for patients with aortic stenosis and a high surgical risk. Little is known about influencing factors of function and quality of life during multicomponent cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: From October 2013 to July 2015, patients with elective transcatheter aortic valve implantation and a subsequent inpatient cardiac rehabilitation were enrolled in the prospective cohort multicentre study...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846807/balloon-expandable-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-via-the-transfemoral-route-with-or-without-pre-dilation-of-the-aortic-valve-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-registry-ease-it-tf
#8
Christian Butter, Peter Bramlage, Tanja Rudolph, Claudius Jacobshagen, Jürgen Rothe, Hendrik Treede, Sebastian Kerber, Derk Frank, Lenka Seilerova, Gerhard Schymik
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation via the transfemoral route (TF-TAVI) is commonly performed as a treatment for severe aortic stenosis (AS) in patients at high surgical risk. Pre-deployment balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has generally been considered an essential step for preparing the valve landing zone for receipt of the prosthesis. However, there is little evidence supporting the clinical value of BAV, while several associated complications have been documented...
November 15, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845612/between-east-and-west-a-diachronic-overview-of-finnish-death-culture
#9
Maija Butters
Finland holds a unique place in the geographical and cultural map of Europe by being situated between the East and the West. This article will offer a historical overview of Finland's death culture from the point of view of the various religious and ideological practices that reflect influence from these two sides. I also explore the factors that may explain the Lutheran Church's hegemony over death and dying in Finland.
November 15, 2016: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842963/environmental-impacts-of-milk-powder-and-butter-manufactured-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#10
William Finnegan, Jamie Goggins, Eoghan Clifford, Xinmin Zhan
The abolition of the milk quota system that was in place in Europe was abolished in 2015, which instigated an immediate increase in milk production in many European countries. This increase will aid in addressing the world's ever growing demand for food, but will incur increased stresses on the environmental impact and sustainability of the dairy industry. In this study, an environmental life cycle assessment was performed in order to estimate the environmental impacts associated with the manufacture of milk powder and butter in the Republic of Ireland...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827397/the-effects-of-proteins-and-medium-chain-fatty-acids-from-milk-on-body-composition-insulin-sensitivity-and-blood-pressure-in-abdominally-obese-adults
#11
M Bohl, A Bjørnshave, M K Larsen, S Gregersen, K Hermansen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether intake of whey protein and butter naturally enriched in medium-chain fatty acids (MC-SFAs) (C6-C12) affected body composition, insulin sensitivity, blood pressure (BP) and plasma cholesterol concentrations. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A 12-week randomised, double-blinded, intervention study was completed in 52 abdominally obese adults. Subjects were assigned to one of four dietary supplementations: 63 g per day of milk fat with either high- (8...
November 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826433/optimization-of-shea-vitellaria-paradoxa-butter-quality-using-screw-expeller-extraction
#12
Yonas A Gezahegn, Shimelis A Emire, Sisay F Asfaw
The quality of Shea butter is highly affected by processing factors. Hence, the aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of conditioning duration (CD), moisture content (MC), and die temperature (DT) of screw expeller on Shea butter quality. A combination of 3(3) full factorial design and response surface methodology was used for this investigation. Response variables were refractive index, acid value, and peroxide value. The model enabled to identify the optimum operating settings (CD = 28-30 min, MC = 3-5 g/100 g, and DT = 65-70°C) for maximize refractive index and minimum acid value...
November 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823895/impact-of-residual-mitral-regurgitation-after-mitraclip-implantation
#13
Hidehiro Kaneko, Michael Neuss, Jens Weissenborn, Christian Butter
BACKGROUND: MitraClip (MC) is an alternative treatment for mitral regurgitation (MR). Although residual MR is common after MC, little was known about the impact of residual MR after MC. METHODS: We examined 255 consecutive patients who underwent MC. The primary endpoint was the composite endpoint including all-cause death, left ventricular (LV) assist device, and mitral valve surgery. RESULTS: Procedure failure defined as unsuccessful MC implantation (n=6) and residual MR ≥3+ (n=19) was associated with worse outcomes including the primary endpoint and all-cause death than those with acute procedure success (APS) defined as residual MR 2+ (n=125) or 1+ (n=105)...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821289/evaluating-the-effects-of-refined-carbohydrate-and-fat-diets-with-acute-ethanol-consumption-using-a-mouse-model-of-alcoholic-liver-injury
#14
Juliana L Gonçalves, Norinne Lacerda-Queiroz, Josiane F L Sabino, Pedro E Marques, Izabela Galvão, Conrado O Gamba, Geovanni D Cassali, Luana M de Carvalho, Daniel Almeida da Silva E Silva, Adaliene Versiani, Mauro M Teixeira, Ana Maria Caetano de Faria, Angélica T Vieira, Ana Lúcia Brunialti-Godard
Alcoholism is a multifactorial and complex disorder responsible for 5.9% of deaths worldwide. Excessive consumption of ethanol (Et-OH) induces alcoholic liver disease (ALD), a condition comprising a spectrum of clinical signs and morphological changes, ranging from fatty liver (steatosis) to more severe forms of chronic liver injury. Secondary cofactors, such as nutritional and hepatotoxic comorbid conditions, can also contribute to liver disease development. Here we investigated the effects in the progression of ALD following short-term exposure to diet high in refined carbohydrates (HC), a high-sugar and -butter (HSB) hypercaloric diet and acute Et-OH consumption...
January 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812313/phytosterol-oxidation-products-pop-in-foods-with-added-phytosterols-and-estimation-of-their-daily-intake-a-literature-review
#15
Yuguang Lin, Diny Knol, Elke A Trautwein
1To evaluate the content of phytosterol oxidation products (POP) of foods with added phytosterols, in total 14 studies measuring POP contents of foods with added phytosterols were systematically reviewed. In non-heated or stored foods, POP contents were low, ranging from (medians) 0.03-3.6 mg/100 g with corresponding oxidation rates of phytosterols (ORP) of 0.03-0.06%. In fat-based foods with 8% of added free plant sterols (FPS), plant sterol esters (PSE) or plant stanol esters (PAE) pan-fried at 160-200°C for 5-10 min, median POP contents were 72...
October 2016: European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology: EJLST
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806704/vascular-depression-consensus-report-a-critical-update
#16
EDITORIAL
Howard J Aizenstein, Andrius Baskys, Maura Boldrini, Meryl A Butters, Breno S Diniz, Manoj Kumar Jaiswal, Kurt A Jellinger, Lev S Kruglov, Ivan A Meshandin, Milija D Mijajlovic, Guenter Niklewski, Sarah Pospos, Keerthy Raju, Kneginja Richter, David C Steffens, Warren D Taylor, Oren Tene
BACKGROUND: Vascular depression is regarded as a subtype of late-life depression characterized by a distinct clinical presentation and an association with cerebrovascular damage. Although the term is commonly used in research settings, widely accepted diagnostic criteria are lacking and vascular depression is absent from formal psychiatric manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5(th) edition - a fact that limits its use in clinical settings. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, showing a variety of cerebrovascular lesions, including extensive white matter hyperintensities, subcortical microvascular lesions, lacunes, and microinfarcts, in patients with late life depression, led to the introduction of the term "MRI-defined vascular depression"...
November 3, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794487/guided-training-relative-to-direct-skill-training-for-individuals-with-cognitive-impairments-after-stroke-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#17
Elizabeth R Skidmore, Meryl Butters, Ellen Whyte, Emily Grattan, Jennifer Shen, Lauren Terhorst
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of direct skill training and guided training for promoting independence after stroke. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized pilot study. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-three participants in inpatient rehabilitation with acute stroke and cognitive impairments. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to receive direct skill training (n=22, 10 sessions as adjunct to usual inpatient rehabilitation) or guided training (n=21, same dose)...
October 26, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790463/comparison-between-the-effect-of-cow-ghee-and-butter-on-memory-and-lipid-profile-of-wistar-rats
#18
Yogita Surendra Karandikar, Akshata Sanjay Bansude, Eesha Ajit Angadi
INTRODUCTION: The traditional texts designate Cow Ghee as Medhya Rasayana, beneficial for mental alertness and memory. There has been concern about increased risk of cardiovascular disease due to its high percentage of saturated fatty acids in ghee. Amongst all edible fats, nutrition composition of cow ghee and butter is comparatively similar. Hence we had planned a study to assess effect of cow ghee on memory and lipid profile. AIM: So the aim of this study is to assess the effect of cow ghee on memory and lipid profile...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788443/modelling-energy-and-environmental-impacts-of-traditional-and-improved-shea-butter-production-in-west-africa-for-food-security
#19
Colleen C Naughton, Qiong Zhang, James R Mihelcic
This study improves the global application of methods and analyses, especially Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), that properly incorporates environmental impacts of firewood and a social sustainability indicator (human energy) as tools for sustainable human development. Specifically shea butter production processes, common throughout sub-Saharan Africa and crucial to food security, environmental sustainability, and women's empowerment, are analyzed. Many economic activities in the world rely on firewood for energy and labor that aren't included in traditional LCAs...
October 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785727/establishing-a-pediatric-robotic-surgery-program-in-canada
#20
Andreana Bütter, Neil Merritt, Sumit Dave
Despite the introduction of robotic surgery in 2000, few pediatric surgeons outside the United States have embraced this technology. We discuss our experience with establishing the first Canadian pediatric robotic surgery program. After simulator training, live animal surgery and observation of robotically assisted cases at an outside institution, we performed our first pediatric da Vinci(®) surgery in July 2013. A prospective database was established to assess outcomes. Forty one children have undergone robotically assisted surgery for the following 42 procedures: (a) pyeloplasty (17), (b) ureteral reimplantations (12), (c) uretero-uretostomy (1), (d) cholecystectomies (10), (e) interval appendectomy (1) and (f) distal pancreatectomy (1)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
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