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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092156/inhibition-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-adhesion-to-caco-2-cells-by-commercial-dairy-powders-and-raw-buttermilk
#1
Daniel Ripollés, Saidou Harouna, José Antonio Parrón, Irene Arenales, Miguel Calvo, María Dolores Pérez, Lourdes Sánchez
Cronobacter sakazakii is a foodborne pathogen that has been associated with severe infections mainly in neonates. The binding of this bacterium to host cell surfaces represents the first step in the pathogenesis of disease. An ELISA-based assay has been developed using a polyclonal antiserum against C. sakazakii to determine its adhesion to Caco-2 cells. The antiserum used recognised many of the outer membrane proteins of C. sakazakii. A positive correlation was found between the absorbance values obtained by ELISA and the number of bacteria adhered to cells determined by plate counting...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088059/infrared-analysis-of-clay-bricks-incorporated-with-spent-shea-waste-from-the-shea-butter-industry
#2
A N Adazabra, G Viruthagiri, N Shanmugam
The peculiar challenge of effective disposing abundant spent shea waste and the excellent compositional variation tolerance of clay material offered an impetus to examine the incorporation of spent shea waste into clay material as an eco-friendly disposal route in making clay bricks. For this purpose, the chemical constituent, mineralogical compositions and thermal behavior of both clay material and spent shea waste were initially characterized from which modelled brick specimens incorporating 5-20 wt% of the waste into the clay material were prepared...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076242/bread-and-butter-of-family-medicine-guidelines-population-screening-diagnostic-evaluations-and-practice-models
#3
EDITORIAL
Dean A Seehusen, Marjorie A Bowman, Anne Victoria Neale
This issue of JABFM is full of evidence and thoughtful articles on topics central to family medicine. These articles critically examine what family physicians do on a daily basis. Reports in this issue provide new evidence regarding guidelines, screening programs, evaluation procedures, and practice models. Clinical articles report that the sensitivity of mailed Fecal Immunochemical Testing changes with the weather; a dermatoscope and a simple algorithm can help differentiate malignant from benign skin lesions; and that a few almonds can alter blood glucose levels in response to a glucose tolerance test...
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071006/sensory-qualities-of-pastry-products-enriched-with-dietary-fiber-and-polyphenolic-substances
#4
Patrycja Komolka, Danuta Górecka, Krystyna Szymandera-Buszka, Anna Jędrusek-Golińska, Krzysztof Dziedzic, Katarzyna Waszkowiak
BACKGROUND: Growing consumer demand for products with pro-health properties is forcing food manufacturers to introduce new food items onto the market, which will not only possess such health-enhancing properties but will also compete on the grounds of sensory attributes - taste, flavour, texture etc. METHODS: The aim was to evaluate these sensory attributes of pastry products enhanced with biologically active compounds, such as inulin, buckwheat hull and buckwheat flour...
April 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070080/%C3%AE-melt-structure-of-1-3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-pop-under-a-thermal-thawing-process-studied-by-infrared-spectroscopy
#5
Hiroharu Yui, Yuuki Isozaki, Toshinori Morisaku
The temperature thawing, as called tempering, of triacylglycerols (TAGs) is an important processing method in food productions, such as chocolates, cream, confections, and spreads. Especially, melt-mediation by temperature thawing is famous in chocolate production for controlling the polymorphic crystalline forms and accelerating crystallization. In the present study, we investigated the α-melt structure of 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol (POP), one of the major continuants of cacao butter, under a phase transition from its melt to γ-crystal with in-situ attenuated total reflection-infrared (ATR-IR) spectroscopy...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059941/adenoma-detection-rates-for-screening-colonoscopies-in-smokers-and-obese-adults-data-from-the-new-hampshire-colonoscopy-registry
#6
Joseph C Anderson, Julia E Weiss, Christina M Robinson, Lynn F Butterly
GOAL: To examine screening adenoma detection rates (ADR) and serrated detection rates (SDR) among smokers and obese adults in the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry. BACKGROUND: ADR, a quality measure for screening colonoscopies, is associated with protection from interval colorectal cancer. Currently, only sex-specific ADR benchmarks are reported. However, obesity and smoking ≥20 pack-years are strong predictors for colorectal neoplasia, as highlighted by the 2009 American College of Gastroenterology CRC Screening Guidelines...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051942/parental-care-in-a-stressful-world-experimentally-elevated-cortisol-and-brood-size-manipulation-influence-nest-success-probability-and-nest-tending-behavior-in-a-wild-teleost-fish
#7
Dirk A Algera, Lee F G Gutowsky, Aaron J Zolderdo, Steven J Cooke
Parental care is an advantageous reproductive behavior, as the fitness of the caregiver is increased through improving the chances of its offspring's survival. Parental care occurs in a variety of teleost fishes. The body size of parental fish and the size of their brood can affect nest abandonment decisions, where compared with smaller fish with smaller broods, larger fish with larger broods typically invest more energy into reproductive events because they have less future reproductive potential. Although essential for basal metabolism and body maintenance functions, when glucocorticoid hormones (e...
January 2017: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047510/su-f-r-09-homogenization-of-ct-images-for-radiomics-studies-it-s-like-butter-worth
#8
D Mackin, L Court, C Ng, J Yang, L Zhang, X Fave
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that differences in the CT image acquisition parameters produce variability in extracted quantitative image features. The purpose of our study was to determine if the variability due to inconsistencies in the reconstruction field of view (FOV), or pixel size, can be reduced by image filtering. METHODS: We reconstructed the CT scans of 8 NSCLC patients 5 times, varying the FOV from 30 to 50 cm. We then calculated 150 radiomics features for each of the 40 CT image sets using 6 preprocessing methods...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043438/surgical-experience-and-long-term-results-of-baroreflex-activation-therapy-for-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction
#9
Fred A Weaver, William T Abraham, William C Little, Christian Butter, Anique Ducharme, Marcel Halbach, Didier Klug, Eric G Lovett, Navid Madershahian, Jochen Müller-Ehmsen, Jill E Schafer, Michele Senni, Vijay Swarup, Rolf Wachter, Michael R Zile
The purpose of this publication is to describe the intraoperative experience along with long-term safety and efficacy of the second-generation baroreflex activation therapy (BAT) system in patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction HF (HFrEF). In a randomized trial of New York Heart Association Class III HFrEF, 140 patients were assigned 1:1 to receive BAT plus medical therapy or medical therapy alone. Procedural information along with safety and efficacy data were collected and analyzed over 12 months...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039812/fast-non-aqueous-reversed-phase-liquid-chromatography-separation-of-triacylglycerol-regioisomers-with-isocratic-mobile-phase-application-to-different-oils-and-fats
#10
Arnaud W G Tamba Sompila, Sylvie Héron, Dorra Hmida, Alain Tchapla
The distribution of fatty acid species at the sn-1/3 position or the sn-2 position of triacylglycerols (TAGs) in natural fats and oils affects their physical and nutritional properties. In fats and oils, determining the presence of one or two regioisomers and the identification of structure, where they do have one, as well as their separation, became a problem of fundamental importance to solve. A variety of instrumental technics has been proposed, such as MS, chromatography-MS or pure chromatography. A number of studies deal with the optimization of the separation, but very often, they are expensive in time...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029068/healthy-eating-attitudes-and-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-the-sun-cohort
#11
Susana Santiago, Itziar Zazpe, Alfredo Gea, Pedro A de la Rosa, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A Martínez-González
There is an emerging use of brief dietary questionnaires to investigate diet-health relation. We prospectively assess the association between eating attitudes (yes/no) and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 19,138 participants of the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Cohort. We calculated a baseline healthy-eating attitudes score (in quartiles), positively weighting answers on more fruit, vegetables, fish and fiber and less meat, sweets and pastries, fat, butter, fatty meats and added sugar in drinks...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017978/physicochemical-rheological-and-functional-properties-of-fats-and-oils-in-relation-to-cookie-quality-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Amita Devi, B S Khatkar
Sincere efforts of researchers are underway to understand the functionality of different fats and oils in relation to cookie quality. The quality of cookie primarily relies upon the functionality of fats and oils in cookie system which ultimately is combined result of their physical, chemical, and rheological properties. Effects of some major fats and oils such as butter, bakery fat, hydrogenated fat, lard, margarine, palm oil, sunflower oil, coconut oil, and soybean oil on the physical and sensory characteristics of cookie have been studied...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010874/predictors-of-paravalvular-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-aortic-stenosis-using-new-generation-balloon-expandable-sapien-3
#13
Hidehiro Kaneko, Frank Hoelschermann, Grit Tambor, Sung-Han Yoon, Michael Neuss, Christian Butter
Paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) is a common and serious complication after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). New-generation balloon-expandable SAPIEN 3 has an outer sealing skirt to minimize PVR. However, the predictors of PVR after SAPIEN 3 transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation have not been well investigated. We sought to clarify the determinants of PVR after TAVI using SAPIEN 3 with quantitative multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) assessment. This study analyzed 281 patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI using SAPIEN 3...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005920/fortified-snack-reduced-anemia-in-rural-school-aged-children-of-haiti-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lora Iannotti, Sherlie Jean-Louis Dulience, Saminetha Joseph, Charmayne Cooley, Teresa Tufte, Katherine Cox, Jacob Eaton, Jacques Raymond Delnatus, Patricia B Wolff
BACKGROUND: Nutrition in the school-aged child matters for brain development and public policy investments globally. Our group previously conducted a trial in urban schools of Haiti to examine the effects of a fortified peanut butter snack, Vita Mamba, with limited findings for anemia. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the hypothesis that Vita Mamba, with systematic deworming in both study arms, would significantly reduce anemia among rural, school-aged children. METHODS: A cluster, randomized longitudinal study was conducted in two rural communities of the North-East Department of Haiti, 2014-2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994631/evaluation-of-beeswax-influence-on-physical-properties-of-lipstick-using-instrumental-and-sensory-methods
#15
Giedre Kasparaviciene, Arunas Savickas, Zenona Kalveniene, Saule Velziene, Loreta Kubiliene, Jurga Bernatoniene
The aim of this study was to optimize the lipsticks formulation according to the physical properties and sensory attributes and investigate the relationship between instrumental and sensory analyses and evaluate the influence of the main ingredients, beeswax and oil, with analysis of lipsticks properties. Central composite design was used to optimize the mixture of oils and beeswax and cocoa butter for formulation of lipsticks. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH free radical scavenging method spectrophotometrically...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983809/a-collaborative-study-determination-of-mycotoxins-in-corn-peanut-butter-and-wheat-flour-using-stable-isotope-dilution-assay-sida-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-lc-ms-ms
#16
Kai Zhang, Matthew R Schaab, Gavin Southwood, Elizabeth R Tor, Linda S Aston, Wenlu Song, Brian Eitzer, Sanghamitra Majumdar, Theodore Lapainis, Huy Mai, Kevin Tran, Aref El-Demerdash, Victor Vega, Yanxuan Cai, Jon W Wong, Alexandra J Krynitsky, Timothy H Begley
A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate stable isotope dilution assay (SIDA) and LC-MS/MS for the simultaneous determination of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2; deoxynivalenol; fumonisins B1, B2, and B3; ochratoxin A; HT-2 toxin; T-2 toxin; and zearalenone in foods. Samples were fortified with 12 (13)C uniformly labeled mycotoxins ((13)C-IS) corresponding to the native mycotoxins and extracted with acetonitrile/water (50:50 v/v), followed by centrifugation, filtration, and LC-MS/MS analysis. In addition to certified reference materials, the six participating laboratories analyzed corn, peanut butter, and wheat flour fortified with the 12 mycotoxins at concentrations ranging from 1...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970233/tct-84-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-without-predilation-of-the-aortic-valve-insights-from-1942-patients-included-in-the-source-3-registry
#17
Nicolas Dumonteil, Thomas Walther, Frederic Pinaud, Christian Terkelsen, Christian Frerker, Frederic Collart, Jochen Wöhrle, Stephan Windecker, Christian Butter, Leo Ihlberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957815/evolution-of-graft-morphology-and-function-after-recellularization-of-decellularized-rat-livers
#18
Antje Butter, Khalid Aliyev, Karl-Herbert Hillebrandt, Nathanael Raschzok, Martin Kluge, Nicolai Seiffert, Peter Tang, Hendrik Napierala, Muhammad Imtiaz Ashraf, Anja Reutzel-Selke, Andreas Andreou, Johann Pratschke, Igor Maximilian Sauer, Benjamin Struecker
Decellularization of livers is a well-established procedure. Data on different reseeding techniques or the functional evolution and re-organization processes of repopulated grafts remains limited. We established a proprietary, customized bioreactor to repopulate decellularized rat livers (n = 21) with primary rat hepatocytes (150 x 10(6) cells) via the hepatic artery and to subsequently evaluate graft morphology and function during seven days of ex vivo perfusion. Grafts were analyzed at 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 3d, 5d and 7d after recellularization (all n = 3) by immuno-histologic evaluation, hepatocyte-related enzyme (AST, ALT, LDH) and albumin measurement in the perfusate...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935133/modulation-of-brown-adipocyte-activity-by-milk-by-products-stimulation-of-brown-adipogenesis-by-buttermilk
#19
Hiroki Asano, Ryosuke Kida, Kengo Muto, Takayuki Y Nara, Ken Kato, Osamu Hashimoto, Teruo Kawada, Tohru Matsui, Masayuki Funaba
Brown adipocytes dissipate chemical energy in the form of heat through the expression of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1); Ucp1 expression is further upregulated by the stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors in brown adipocytes. An increase in energy expenditure by activated brown adipocytes potentially contributes to the prevention of or therapeutics for obesity. The present study examined the effects of milk by-products, buttermilk and butter oil, on brown adipogenesis and the function of brown adipocytes...
December 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934611/a-multicentre-european-registry-to-evaluate-the-direct-flow-medical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-system-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#20
Christoph K Naber, Stylianos A Pyxaras, Hüseyin Ince, Peter Frambach, Antonio Colombo, Christian Butter, Fernando Gatto, Ulrich Hink, Georg Nickenig, Giuseppe Bruschi, Guus Brueren, Didier Tchétché, Peter Den Heijer, Wolfgang Schillinger, Smita Scholtz, Jan Van der Heyden, Thierry Lefèvre, Martine Gilard, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Joachim Schofer, Dimitar Divchev, Helmut Baumgartner, Federico Asch, Daniel Wagner, Azeem Latib, Federico De Marco, Stephan Kische
AIMS: Our aim was to assess the clinical outcomes of the Direct Flow Medical Transcatheter Aortic Valve System (DFM-TAVS), when used in routine clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a prospective, open-label, multicentre, post-market registry of patients treated with DFM-TAVS according to approved commercial indications. Echocardiographic and angiographic data were evaluated by an independent core laboratory and adverse events were adjudicated and classified according to VARC-2 criteria by an independent clinical events committee...
December 10, 2016: EuroIntervention
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