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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535077/sticky-situations-cyanoacrylate-exposures-reported-to-a-poison-control-system
#1
Shaun D Carstairs, Cynthia Koh, Lily Qian, Mariam Qozi, Grant Seivard, F Lee Cantrell
INTRODUCTION: Cyanoacrylate (Super Glue(®)) exposures are commonly reported to poison control centers, but little has been published in the medical literature regarding these exposures. We sought to characterize cyanoacrylate exposures reported to a poison control system. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a poison system's database for all cases of single-substance human exposure to cyanoacrylate-containing products from 2005 to 2015. Data collected included age, gender, route of exposure, clinical effects, treatments recommended and medical outcome...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534861/advising-consumption-of-green-vegetables-beef-and-full-fat-dairy-products-has-no-adverse-effects-on-the-lipid-profiles-in-children
#2
Ellen José van der Gaag, Romy Wieffer, Judith van der Kraats
In children, little is known about lipid profiles and the influence of dietary habits. In the past, we developed a dietary advice for optimizing the immune system, which comprised green vegetables, beef, whole milk, and full-fat butter. However, there are concerns about a possible negative influence of the full-fat dairy products of the diet on the lipid profile. We investigated the effect of the developed dietary advice on the lipid profile and BMI (body mass index)/BMI-z-score of children. In this retrospective cohort study, we included children aged 1-16 years, of whom a lipid profile was determined in the period between June 2011 and November 2013 in our hospital...
May 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532079/nerve-growth-factor-loaded-heparinized-cationic-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-regulating-membrane-charge-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-during-differentiation
#3
Yung-Chih Kuo, Rajendiran Rajesh
Nerve growth factor (NGF)-loaded heparinized cationic solid lipid nanoparticles (NGF-loaded HCSLNs) were developed using heparin-stearic acid conjugate, cacao butter, cholesterol, stearylamine (SA), and esterquat 1 (EQ 1). The effect of cationic lipids and lipid matrix composition on the particle size, particle structure, surface molecular composition, chemical structure, electrophoretic mobility, and zeta potential of HCSLNs was investigated. The effect of HCSLNs on the membrane charge of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) was also studied...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530601/storage-stability-of-traditional-tunisian-butter-enriched-with-antioxidant-extract-from-tomato-processing-by-products
#4
Yousra Abid, Samia Azabou, Mourad Jridi, Ibtihel Khemakhem, Mohamed Bouaziz, Hamadi Attia
Traditional Tunisian butter (TTB) is one of the most appreciated dairy products in Tunisia. Herein, the storage stability of TTB enriched with antioxidants from tomato processing by-products (TPB) was evaluated during 60days of storage at 4°C. TPB extract contains significant amounts of lycopene and phenolics. TTB enriched with 400mg of TPB extract/kg of TTB revealed the lowest peroxide values at all the determination intervals. Adding 400mg of TPB extract/kg of TTB did not exhibit any undesired effect on lactic bacteria which are necessary for development of aroma and chemical properties of TTB...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528108/matrix-effects-on-the-crystallization-behaviour-of-butter-and-roll-in-shortening-in-laminated-bakery-products
#5
Kristin D Mattice, Alejandro G Marangoni
Two hydrogenated roll-in shortenings (A & B), one non-hydrogenated roll-in shortening and butter were used to prepare croissants. The impact of the laminated dough matrix on fat crystallization was then investigated using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (p-NMR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The fat contained within a croissant matrix has never before been analyzed using these techniques. In each case, XRD revealed that the polymorphism of a roll-in fat will be different when baked within the dough matrix than when simply heated and cooled on its own...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520477/minimum-stocking-requirements-for-retailers-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-disparities-across-us-states
#6
Jennifer E Pelletier, Liana R N Schreiber, Melissa N Laska
OBJECTIVES: To examine state variation in minimum stocking requirements for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)-authorized small food retailers. METHODS: We obtained minimum stocking requirements for 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2017 from WIC Web pages or e-mail from the state WIC agency. We developed a coding protocol to compare minimum quantities and varieties required for 12 food and beverage categories. We calculated the median, range, and interquartile range for each measure...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508267/will-it-be-cheese-bologna-or-peanut-butter
#7
Walter C Willett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500257/zbtb48-is-both-a-vertebrate-telomere-binding-protein-and-a-transcriptional-activator
#8
Arne Jahn, Grishma Rane, Maciej Paszkowski-Rogacz, Sergi Sayols, Alina Bluhm, Chung-Ting Han, Irena Draškovič, José Arturo Londoño-Vallejo, Alan Prem Kumar, Frank Buchholz, Falk Butter, Dennis Kappei
Telomeres constitute the ends of linear chromosomes and together with the shelterin complex form a structure essential for genome maintenance and stability. In addition to the constitutive binding of the shelterin complex, other direct, yet more transient interactions are mediated by the CST complex and HOT1/HMBOX1, while subtelomeric variant repeats are recognized by NR2C/F transcription factors. Recently, the Kruppel-like zinc finger protein ZBTB48/HKR3/TZAP has been described as a novel telomere-associated factor in the vertebrate lineage...
May 12, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492845/a-simple-effective-analogy-to-elucidate-the-mohs-micrographic-surgery-procedure-the-peanut-butter-cup
#9
Elizabeth Lee, Jay E Wolverton, Ally-Khan Somani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490510/nonfermented-milk-and-other-dairy-products-associations-with-all-cause-mortality
#10
Gianluca Tognon, Lena M Nilsson, Dmitry Shungin, Lauren Lissner, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Frida Renström, Maria Wennberg, Anna Winkvist, Ingegerd Johansson
Background: A positive association between nonfermented milk intake and increased all-cause mortality was recently reported, but overall, the association between dairy intake and mortality is inconclusive.Objective: We studied associations between intake of dairy products and all-cause mortality with an emphasis on nonfermented milk and fat content.Design: A total of 103,256 adult participants (women: 51.0%) from Northern Sweden were included (7121 deaths; mean follow-up: 13.7 y). Associations between all-cause mortality and reported intakes of nonfermented milk (total or by fat content), fermented milk, cheese, and butter were tested with the use of Cox proportional hazards models that were adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, education, energy intake, examination year, and physical activity...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489400/antirotaviral-activity-of-bovine-and-ovine-dairy-byproducts
#11
José Antonio Parrón, Daniel Ripollés, María Dolores Pérez, Miguel Calvo, Jan Trige Rasmussen, Lourdes Sánchez
Rotaviral gastroenteritis is associated with significant morbidity in developed countries and a high rate of infant mortality in developing countries. Diverse studies have demonstrated that a wide range of milk-derived fractions exhibit antirotaviral activity. The present study shows the antirotaviral activity of some bovine and ovine dairy byproducts, buttermilk, butter serum, and milk fat globule membrane (MFGM), and evaluates the effect of cream washing and heat treatment on that activity. Furthermore, the rotavirus-neutralizing activity was evaluated for some MFGM proteins, such as xanthine oxidase and lactophorin...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477098/predictors-of-thrombus-formation-after-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-closure-using-the-watchman-device
#12
Hidehiro Kaneko, Michael Neuss, Jens Weissenborn, Christian Butter
Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure using the WATCHMAN device is a novel option for prevention of stroke associated with atrial fibrillation. However, device-related thrombus (DRT) formation is a concern after WATCHMAN implantation and the predictors of DRT still remain unclear. We aimed to clarify the predictors of DRT after WATCHMAN implantation by analyzing 78 patients (50 males, 72 ± 8 years, average CHA2DS2-VASc score of 4.3 + 1.8) who had undergone WATCHMAN implantation. WATCHMAN was successfully implanted in all patients and four (5%) developed DRT...
May 5, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474217/compositional-shift-in-fatty-acid-profiles-of-lipids-obtained-from-oleaginous-yeasts-upon-the-addition-of-essential-oil-from-citrus-sinensis-l
#13
Bijaya K Uprety, Sudip K Rakshit
Tailoring lipids from oleaginous yeasts to contain specific types of fatty acid is of considerable interest to food, fuel, and pharmaceutical industries. In this study, the essential oil obtained from Citrus sinesus L. has been used to alter the fatty acid composition of two common oleaginous yeasts, Rhodosporidium toruloides and Cryptococcus curvatus. With increasing levels of essential oil in the medium, the metabolic flux of the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway shifted towards saturated fatty acid production...
May 5, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473719/device-performance-enhancement-via-a-si-rich-silicon-oxynitride-buffer-layer-for-the-organic-photodetecting-device
#14
Sung Heo, Jooho Lee, Seong Heon Kim, Dong-Jin Yun, Jong-Bong Park, Kihong Kim, NamJeong Kim, Yongsung Kim, Dongwook Lee, Kyu-Sik Kim, Hee Jae Kang
An advanced organic photodetector (OPD) with a butter layer of Si-rich silicon oxynitride (SiOxNy) was fabricated. The detector structure is as follows: Indium tin oxide (ITO) coated glass substrate/SiOxNy(10 nm)/naphthalene-based donor:C60(1:1)/ITO. Values of x and y in SiOxNy were carefully controlled and the detector performances such as dark current and thermal stability were investigated. When the values of x and y are 0.16 and 0.66, the detector illustrates low dark current as well as excellent thermal stability...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473116/elevated-mitral-valve-pressure-gradient-after-mitraclip-implantation-deteriorates-long-term-outcome-in-patients-with-severe-mitral-regurgitation-and-severe%C3%A2-heart-failure
#15
Michael Neuss, Thomas Schau, Akihiro Isotani, Markus Pilz, Maren Schöpp, Christian Butter
OBJECTIVES: This single-center study was performed to analyze the effect of an increased transvalvular gradient after the MitraClip (MC) (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois) procedure on patient outcome during follow-up. BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transcatheter repair of the mitral valve with the MC device has been established as a novel technique for patients with severe mitral regurgitation and high surgical risk. This study investigated the influence of an increased pressure gradient after MC implantation on the long-term outcome of patients...
May 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473058/increased-cytokine-production-by-monocytes-from-human-subjects-who-consumed-grape-powder-was-not-mediated-by-differences-in-dietary-intake-patterns
#16
Susan J Zunino, Nancy L Keim, Darshan S Kelley, Ellen L Bonnel, Elaine C Souza, Janet M Peerson
Recently, in a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we reported that consumption of grape powder by obese human subjects increased the production of the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 by peripheral blood monocytes after ex vivo stimulation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide compared with the placebo treatment. We hypothesized that dietary grape powder increased the production of these cytokines by stimulated monocytes. To test this hypothesis, we used 24-hour dietary recall data to determine if differences in dietary patterns played a role in increased cytokine production...
April 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469710/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-typing-analysis-for-molecular-subtyping-of-salmonella-tennessee-isolates-associated-with-the-2007-nationwide-peanut-butter-outbreak-in-the-united-states
#17
Hee-Jin Dong, Seongbeom Cho, David Boxrud, Shelly Rankin, Francis Downe, Judith Lovchik, Jim Gibson, Matt Erdman, A Mahdi Saeed
BACKGROUND: In 2007, a nationwide Salmonella Tennessee outbreak occurred via contaminated peanut butter. Here, we developed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-typing method for S. Tennessee to determine the clonal subtypes of S. Tennessee that were associated with the peanut butter outbreak. METHODS AND RESULTS: One seventy-six S. Tennessee isolates from various sources, including humans, animals, food, and the environment, were analyzed by using the SNP technique...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465837/a-moderate-zinc-deficiency-does-not-alter-lipid-and-fatty-acid-composition-in-the-liver-of-weanling-rats-fed-diets-rich-in-cocoa-butter-or-safflower-oil
#18
Edgar Weigand, Jennifer Egenolf
The aim of the study was to examine whether a moderate zinc deficiency alters hepatic lipid composition. Male weanling rats, assigned to five groups (8 animals each), were fed low-carbohydrate high-fat diets supplemented with 7 or 50 mg Zn/kg (LZ or HZ) and 22% cocoa butter (CB) or 22% safflower oil (SF) for four weeks. One group each had free access to the LZ-CB and LZ-SF diets, one group each was restrictedly fed the HZ-CB and HZ-SF diets in matching amounts, and one group had free access to the HZ-SF diet (ad libitum control)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464213/increasing-colonoscopy-screening-in-disparate-populations-results-from-an-evaluation-of-patient-navigation-in-the-new-hampshire-colorectal-cancer-screening-program
#19
Ketra Rice, Lindsay Gressard, Amy DeGroff, Joanne Gersten, Janene Robie, Steven Leadbetter, Rebecca Glover-Kudon, Lynn Butterly
BACKGROUND: To investigate uniformly successful results from a statewide program of patient navigation (PN) for colonoscopy, this comparison study evaluated the effectiveness of the PN intervention by comparing outcomes for navigated versus non-navigated patients in one of the community health clinics included in the statewide program. Outcomes measured included screening completion, adequacy of bowel preparation, missed appointments and cancellations, communication of test results, and consistency of follow-up recommendations with clinical guidelines...
May 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457799/dietary-treatment-of-fatty-liver-high-dietary-protein-content-has-an-antisteatotic-and-antiobesogenic-effect-in-mice
#20
Sonia C Garcia Caraballo, Tine M Comhair, Cornelis H C Dejong, Wouter H Lamers, S Eleonore Koehler
Few studies have assessed the effect of changing ratios of dietary macronutrients on fat accumulation in adipose tissue and organs such as the liver in a 3×3 factorial design. We investigated the effects of 7 diets from a single manufacturer containing 11-58 en% protein (casein), 0-81 en% carbohydrates (CHO; sucrose, maltrodextrin-10 and corn starch), and 8-42 en% fat (triheptanoin, olive oil or cocoa butter) in C57BL/6J mice, a good model for diet-induced obesity and fatty liver. The diets were fed for 3weeks to wild-type and hyperlipidemic male and female mice...
April 27, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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