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Christopher P Haskins, George Henderson, Colin E Champ
BACKGROUND:  Food recommendations to improve cancer prevention are generally based on epidemiologic data and remain inconsistent. These epidemiologic studies, while controversial, have generally produced results that caution against the consumption of high-fat foods, including eggs, red meat, and full-fat dairy, such as butter and cheese. Yet, limited data exist assessing the quality of individual sources of these foods and the effect each has after its consumption. This study set out to assess the impact sources of food within the same groups from animals raised differently on variables associated with health in human studies...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Avinash Gowda, Vivek Sharma, Ankit Goyal, A K Singh, Sumit Arora
Microencapsulated flaxseed oil powder (MFOP) was supplemented for the fortification of α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3 fatty acid) in ice cream. Processing parameters were optimized in terms of the stage of homogenization of ice-cream mix, level of fortification (3, 4 and 5%) and flavors (vanilla, butter scotch and strawberry). Data revealed that free fatty acids increased significantly during first 15 days in all the samples and then remained constant. Peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value first increased up to 30 and 45 days, respectively; and then decreased followed by a gradual increase up to 120 days...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Samuel Harrenson Nyarko, Abdul Majeed Tahiru
Background: The kaya business is known to pose significant health-related risks to female migrants. This study sought to explore the health-related concerns of female head porters in the Mallam Atta market, Accra, Ghana. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted in which twenty female head porters at the Mallam Atta market in Accra were interviewed. A thematic analysis was performed and the emerging themes were presented and supported with quotations from the respondents...
2018: BioMed Research International
Didier Brassard, Benoît J Arsenault, Marjorie Boyer, Daniela Bernic, Maude Tessier-Grenier, Denis Talbot, Angelo Tremblay, Emile Levy, Bela Asztalos, Peter J H Jones, Patrick Couture, Benoît Lamarche
Background: Recent evidence suggests that the association between dietary saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and coronary artery disease risk varies according to food sources. How SFAs from butter and cheese influence HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a key process in reverse cholesterol transport, is currently unknown. Objective: In a predefined secondary analysis of a previously published trial, we have examined how diets rich in SFAs from either cheese or butter influence HDL-mediated CEC, compared with diets rich in either monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Pilar Cristancho, Eric J Lenze, David Dixon, J Philip Miller, Benoit H Mulsant, Charles F Reynolds, Meryl A Butters
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether executive function (EF) is associated with nonremission and noncompletion of antidepressant pharmacotherapy in older adults with depression. DESIGN: In this prospective study (July 2009 to May 2014), older adults (aged ≥ 60 years; n = 468) with a DSM-IV-defined major depressive episode diagnosed via structured interview received 12 weeks of venlafaxine extended release with the goal of achieving remission. A hypothesis was made that worse baseline EF would predict both nonremission and noncompletion (primary outcomes)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Nurul Ain Othman, Marina Abdul Manaf, Sakinah Harith, Wan Rosli Wan Ishak
OBJECTIVE: The feasibility of developing reduced-fat muffins with avocado is investigated by preparing muffins with 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% avocado purée as a fat (butter) replacer. METHODOLOGY: The resulting products were compared to the control muffin, which was made with 100% butter. Muffins were analyzed for nutritional content, fatty acid profiles, and sensory acceptability. RESULT: Muffins incorporated with avocado purée revealed a significant increase (p < 0...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Allison Karpyn, Robin S DeWeese, Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Amy Deahl-Greenlaw, Ogheneruona Ughwanogho, Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts
OBJECTIVE: In response to recent national efforts to increase the availability of healthy food in small stores, we sought to understand the extent to which small food stores could implement the newly published Healthy Small Store Minimum Stocking Recommendations and reflect on the new US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service's final rule for stocking of staple foods for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-approved retailers. DESIGN: We collected qualitative and quantitative data from 57 small stores in four states (Arizona, Delaware, Minnesota, and North Carolina) that accepted Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program but not Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children benefits...
April 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Stefan Merkel, Oliver Kappenstein, Stefan Sander, Jürgen Weyer, Stephan Richter, Karla Pfaff, Andreas Luch
The aim of this study was to compare the transfer of primary aromatic amines (PAAs) from napkins into cold water extract (CWE) with transfer into four different food matrices. A HPLC-MS/MS multi-analyte method for quantification of 26 PAAs in CWE was validated and applied. In addition, the method was validated for seven different PAAs in four different food matrices (cucumber, rice, pickled gherkin and butter cookie) representing wet, dry, acidic, and fatty food. The CWEs of 12 coloured napkin samples were analysed, and three napkins released more than 0...
April 12, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Stephen F Smagula, Helmet T Karim, Anusha Rangarajan, Fernando Pasquini Santos, Sossena C Wood, Tales Santini, John M Jakicic, Charles F Reynolds, Judy L Cameron, Abbe N Vallejo, Meryl A Butters, Caterina Rosano, Tamer S Ibrahim, Kirk I Erickson, Howard J Aizenstein
OBJECTIVES: Hippocampal hyperactivation marks preclinical dementia pathophysiology, potentially due to differences in the connectivity of specific medial temporal lobe structures. Our aims were to characterize the resting-state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe sub-structures in older adults, and evaluate whether specific substructural (rather than global) functional connectivity relates to memory function. METHODS: In 15 adults (mean age: 69 years), we evaluated the resting state functional connectivity of medial temporal lobe substructures: dentate/Cornu Ammonis (CA) 4, CA1, CA2/3, subiculum, the molecular layer, entorhinal cortex, and parahippocampus...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Mirko Uljarević, Darren Hedley, Rose Nevill, David W Evans, Ru Ying Cai, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
The present study examined the link between poor self-regulation (measured by the child behavior checklist dysregulated profile [DP]) and core autism symptoms, as well as with developmental level, in a sample of 107 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) aged 19-46 months. We further examined the utility of DP in predicting individual differences in adaptive functioning, relative to the influence of ASD severity, chronological age (CA), and developmental level. Poor self-regulation was unrelated to CA, developmental level, and severity of ADOS-2 restricted and repetitive behaviors, but was associated with lower ADOS-2 social affect severity...
April 6, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Christina Dal Magro, Patrick Keller, Annika Kotter, Stephan Werner, Victor Duarte, Virginie Marchand, Michael Ignarski, Anja Freiwald, Roman-Ulrich Müller, Christoph Dieterich, Yuri Motorin, Falk Butter, Mohammed Atta, Mark Helm
Recently discovered new chemical entities in RNA modifications have provided surprises with respect to functional groups that enlarge the chemical space of RNA. Using LC-MS, we found over one hundred signals of RNA constituents that contained a ribose moiety in tRNAs from E. coli. Feeding experiments with variegated stable isotope labeled compounds identified 37 compounds, representing new structures of RNA modifications. One structure was elucidated by deuterium exchange and high resolution mass spectrometry...
April 6, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Huanhuan Zhao, Ashley K Young, Bryony J James
This study aims to understand the bloom process in untempered chocolate by investigating the polymorphic transformation of cocoa butter and changes in chocolate surface. Cocoa mass with varying particle size distributions (PSD) were used to produce untempered model chocolate. Optical microscopy showed that during 25 d of storage, the chocolate surface gradually became honeycombed in appearance with dark spots surrounded by white sandy bloom areas. In conjunction with X-ray diffraction this indicates that the polymorphic transformation of form IV cocoa butter to more stable form V crystals caused the observed surface changes with the most significant changes occurring within 6 d...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Cyril Charbonnel, Oleh Rymarenko, Olivier Da Ines, Fatiha Benyahya, Charles I White, Falk Butter, Simon Amiard
Despite intensive searches, few proteins involved in telomere homeostasis have been identified in plants. Here, we used pull-down assays to identify potential telomeric interactors in the model plant species Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). We identified the candidate protein GH1-HMGA1 (also known as HON4), an uncharacterised linker histone protein of the high mobility group protein A (HMGA) family in plants. HMGAs are architectural transcription factors and have been suggested to function in DNA damage repair, but their precise biological roles remain unclear...
April 5, 2018: Plant Physiology
Richard J Jabbour, Akihito Tanaka, Ariel Finkelstein, Michael Mack, Corrado Tamburino, Nicolas Van Mieghem, Ole de Backer, Luca Testa, Pamela Gatto, Paola Purita, Zouhair Rahhab, Verena Veulemans, Anja Stundl, Marco Barbanti, Roberto Nerla, Jan Malte Sinning, Danny Dvir, Giuseppe Tarantini, Molly Szerlip, Werner Scholtz, Smita Scholtz, Didier Tchetche, Fausto Castriota, Christian Butter, Lars Søndergaard, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Horst Sievert, Ottavio Alfieri, John Webb, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib
BACKGROUND: Delayed coronary obstruction (DCO) is an uncommon and barely reported complication following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence and pathophysiological features of DCO after TAVR, obtained from a large international multicenter registry. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from an international multicenter registry consisting of 18 centers between November 2005 and December 2016...
April 10, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Melissa Uil, Angelique M L Scantlebery, Loes M Butter, Per W B Larsen, Onno J de Boer, Jaklien C Leemans, Sandrine Florquin, Joris J T H Roelofs
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease. Animal models are essential tools for designing new strategies to prevent DN. C57Bl/6 (B6) mice are widely used for transgenic mouse models, but are relatively resistant to DN. This study aims to identify the most effective method to induce DN in a type 1 (T1D) and a type 2 diabetes (T2D) model in B6 mice. For T1D-induced DN, mice were fed a control diet, and randomised to streptozotocin (STZ) alone, STZ+unilateral nephrectomy (UNx), or vehicle/sham...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ingrid Stroo, Diba Emal, Loes M Butter, Gwen J Teske, Nike Claessen, Mark C Dessing, Stephen E Girardin, Sandrine Florquin, Jaklien C Leemans
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by sustained tissue damage and ongoing tubulo-interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) including Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and NOD-like receptors (NLRs) can sense endogenous ligands released upon tissue damage, leading to sterile inflammation and eventually irreversible kidney disease. It is known that NOD1 and NOD2 contribute to the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases, including acute kidney injury...
April 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Amanda Rogers, Lan Hahn, Vu Pham, Lilian Were
Chlorogenic acid (CGA) binding to proteins in alkaline conditions results in the production of green trihydroxy benzacradine (TBA) derivatives. The formation of TBA derivatives could decrease product quality due to the potential losses in soluble protein and antioxidants and the production of an undesirable green color. To determine how cookie formulation affected the formation of TBA derivatives in sunflower butter cookies, two egg replacers (chia and banana) and two baking temperatures (162.8 and 190.6 °C) were used...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato, Larissa Miho Hara, Élida Castilho Bonomi, Guilherme de Andrade Calligaris, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Renato Grimaldi, Theo Guenter Kieckbusch
Two formulations of dark chocolate were developed by adding cocoa butter stearin (CBSt) or sorbitan monostearate (SMS) and compared to a standard formulation in order to investigate fat bloom formation over time. Fat bloom was monitored by Whiteness Index (WI), melting behavior and polymorphism determinations, in bars stored during 90 days at 20 °C and under oscillating temperature between 20 and 32 °C. All samples stored at 20 °C did not develop fat bloom and the required β(V) form was maintained...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Victoria C Wilkinson-Smith, Giles Major, Lucy Ashleigh, Kathryn Murray, Caroline L Hoad, Luca Marciani, Penny A Gowland, Robin C Spiller
BACKGROUND: Plant foods may stimulate intestinal secretion through chemicals designed to deter herbivores, including lactucins in lettuce and rhein in rhubarb. This may increase ileostomy output and induce diarrhoea in people with intact bowels. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the effect of food on intestinal water content using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). DESIGN: A three period crossover trial of isocaloric meals in adults without bowel disorders...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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