Read by QxMD icon Read


Kevin M Rice, Nandini D P K Manne, Ravikumar Arvapalli, Gautam K Ginjupalli, Eric R Blough
Diabetic patients have a high rate of vein graft failure due to attrition or vessel occlusion that cause recurrent ischemic events or vein graft. Veins grafted into a high-pressure arterial environment must undergo vascular remodeling to better handle the altered hemodynamics and intravascular increased pressure. Multiple cellular and molecular events are purported to be associated with vascular remodeling of veins. Understanding the effect diabetes has on vascular mechano-transductive response is critical to decreasing graft failure rates...
October 2017: Data in Brief
Sijia Zhang, Ethan Zhao, Beth A Winkelstein
Integrins modulate chemically-induced nociception in a variety of inflammatory and neuropathic pain models. Yet, the role of integrins in mechanically-induced pain remains undefined, despite its well-known involvement in cell adhesion and mechanotransduction. Excessive spinal facet capsular ligament stretch is a common injury that induces morphological and functional changes in its innervating afferent neurons and can lead to pain. However, the local mechanisms underlying the translation from tissue deformation to pain signaling are unclear, impeding effective treatment...
September 18, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Irina Sieve, Anja Münster-Kühnel, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner
In the vascular system, the endothelial surface layer (ESL) as the inner surface of blood vessels affects mechanotransduction, vascular permeability, rheology, thrombogenesis, and leukocyte adhesion. It creates barriers between endothelial cells and blood and neighbouring cells. The glycocalyx, composed of glycoconjugates and proteoglycans, is an integral component of the ESL and a key element in inter- and intracellular communication and tissue homeostasis. In pathophysiological conditions (atherosclerosis, infection, ischemia/reperfusion injury, diabetes, trauma and acute lung injury) glycocalyx-degrading factors, i...
September 12, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
Y García-Mesa, J García-Piqueras, B García, J Feito, R Cabo, J Cobo, J A Vega, O García-Suárez
The transformation of mechanical energy into electrical signals is the first step in mechanotransduction in the peripheral sensory nervous system and relies on the presence of mechanically gated ion channels within specialized sensory organs called mechanoreceptors. Piezo2 is a vertebrate stretch-gated ion channel necessary for mechanosensitive channels in mammalian cells. Functionally, it is related to light touch, which has been detected in murine cutaneous Merkel cell-neurite complexes, Meissner-like corpuscles and lanceolate nerve endings...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
Haniyeh Hemmatian, Astrid D Bakker, Jenneke Klein-Nulend, G Harry van Lenthe
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The bone is able to adapt its structure to mechanical signals via the bone remodeling process governed by mechanosensitive osteocytes. With aging, an imbalance in bone remodeling results in osteoporosis. In this review, we hypothesized that changes in lacunar morphology underlie the decreased bone mechanoresponsiveness to mechanical loading with aging. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies have reported considerable variations in the shape of osteocytes and their lacunae with aging...
September 11, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
Michael Januszyk, Sun Hyung Kwon, Victor W Wong, Jagannath Padmanabhan, Zeshaan N Maan, Alexander J Whittam, Melanie R Major, Geoffrey C Gurtner
Abnormal skin scarring causes functional impairment, psychological stress, and high socioeconomic cost. Evidence shows that altered mechanotransduction pathways have been linked to both inflammation and fibrosis, and that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a key mediator of these processes. We investigated the importance of keratinocyte FAK at the single cell level in key fibrogenic pathways critical for scar formation. Keratinocytes were isolated from wildtype and keratinocyte-specific FAK-deleted mice, cultured, and sorted into single cells...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tarak Srivastava, Hongying Dai, Daniel P Heruth, Uri S Alon, Robert E Garola, Jianping Zhou, R Scott Duncan, Ashraf El-Meanawy, Ellen T McCarthy, Ram Sharma, Mark L Johnson, Virginia J Savin, Mukut Sharma
Recently we and others have found that hyperfiltration-associated increase in biomechanical forces, namely tensile stress and fluid flow shear stress (FFSS) can directly and distinctly alter podocyte structure and function. The ultrafiltrate flow over the major processes and cell body generates FFSS to podocyte. Our previous work suggests that COX2-PGE2-EP2 axis plays an important role in mechanoperception of FFSS in podocyte (Srivastava et al. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 307: F1323-F1333, 2014). To address mechanotransduction of the perceived mechanical stimulus through EP2 receptor, cultured podocytes were exposed to FFSS (2 dynes/cm2) for 2hrs...
September 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Timothy R Macaulay, Jamila H Siamwala, Alan R Hargens, Brandon R Macias
Previously our laboratory documented increases in calvaria bone volume and thickness in mice exposed to 15 days of spaceflight aboard the NASA Shuttle mission STS-131. However, the tissues were not processed for gene expression studies to determine what bone formation pathways might contribute to these structural adaptations. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate both the structural and molecular changes in mice calvariae after a longer duration of spaceflight. The primary purpose was to determine the calvaria bone volume and thickness of mice exposed to 30 days of spaceflight using micro-computed tomography for comparison with our previous findings...
December 2017: Bone Reports
Anuradha Subramanian, Gaurav Budhiraja, Neety Sahu
The primary cilium has been implicated in mechanotransduction, however, its mechanosensory role in transducing signals under low-intensity ultrasound (LIUS) which has the potential to repair fractures and cartilage, remains uninvestigated. This study examined the impact of continuous-wave US, at the cell resonance frequency of 5.0MHz and pressure amplitude of either 14 or 60kPa, on the incidence, length and orientation of primary cilium in bovine articular chondrocytes. Visualization of primary cilium with acetylated α-tubulin staining demonstrated that the primary cilium was elongated, bent under US and these changes were reversible...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
D Fong, L J Cummings
Reperfusion (restoration of blood flow) after a period of ischemia (interruption of blood flow) can paradoxically place tissues at risk of further injury: so-called ischemia-reperfusion injury or IR injury. Recent studies have shown that postconditioning (intermittent periods of further ischemia applied during reperfusion) can reduce IR injury. We develop a mathematical model to describe the reperfusion and postconditioning process following an ischemic insult, treating the blood vessel as a two-dimensional channel, lined with a monolayer of endothelial cells that interact (respiration and mechanotransduction) with the blood flow...
September 1, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Takafumi Ichikawa, Masahiro Kita, Tsubasa S Matsui, Ayaka Ichikawa Nagasato, Tomohiko Araki, Shian-Huey Chiang, Takuhito Sezaki, Yasuhisa Kimura, Kazumitsu Ueda, Shinji Deguchi, Alan R Saltiel, Noriyuki Kioka
Vinexin, CAP and ArgBP2 constitute an adaptor protein family called the vinexin (SORBS) family that is targeted to focal adhesions (FAs). Although numerous studies have focused on each of the SORBS proteins and partially elucidated their involvement in mechanotransduction, a comparative analysis of their function has not been well addressed. Here, we established mouse embryonic fibroblasts that individually expressed SORBS proteins and analyzed their functions in an identical cell context. Both vinexin α and CAP colocalized with vinculin at FAs and promoted the appearance of vinculin-rich FAs, whereas ArgBP2 colocalized with α-actinin at the proximal end of FAs and punctate structures on actin stress fibers (SFs), and induced paxillin-rich FAs...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Margot De Marco, Anna Basile, Vittoria Iorio, Michelina Festa, Antonia Falco, Bianca Ranieri, Maria Pascale, Gianluca Sala, Paolo Remondelli, Mario Capunzo, Matthew A Firpo, Raffaele Pezzilli, Liberato Marzullo, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Vincenzo De Laurenzi, Maria Caterina Turco, Alessandra Rosati
BAG3 is a multifunctional protein that can bind to heat shock proteins (Hsp) 70 through its BAG domain and to other partners through its WW domain, proline-rich (PXXP) repeat and IPV (Ile-Pro-Val) motifs. Its intracellular expression can be induced by stressful stimuli, while is constitutive in skeletal muscle, cardiac myocytes and several tumour types. BAG3 can modulate the levels, localisation or activity of its partner proteins, thereby regulating major cell pathways and functions, including apoptosis, autophagy, mechanotransduction, cytoskeleton organisation, motility...
August 29, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Philipp Erhart, Sandra Schiele, Philip Ginsbach, Caspar Grond-Ginsbach, Maani Hakimi, Dittmar Böckler, Justo Lorenzo-Bermejo, Susanne Dihlmann
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between local biomechanical rupture risk calculations from finite element analysis (FEA) and whole-genome profiling of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall to determine if AAA wall regions with highest and lowest estimated rupture risk show different gene expression patterns. METHODS: Six patients (mean age 74 years; all men) scheduled for open surgery to treat asymptomatic AAAs (mean diameter 55.2±3.5 mm) were recruited for the study...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Paolo E Palacio-Mancheno, Thomas W Evashwick-Rogler, Damien M Laudier, Devina Purmessur, James C Iatridis
The nucleus pulposus (NP) of intervertebral discs (IVD) undergoes dramatic changes with aging including loss of its gelatinous structure and large, vacuolated notochordal cells (NCs) in favor of a matrix-rich structure populated by small NP cells (sNPCs). NP maturation also involves a loading-pattern shift from pressurization to matrix deformations, and these events are thought to predispose to degeneration. Little is known of the triggering events and cellular alterations involved with NP maturation, which remains a fundamental open spinal mechanobiology question...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Milos Spasic, Christopher R Jacobs
Primary cilia are immotile, microtubule-based organelles extending from the surface of nearly every mammalian cell. Mechanical stimulation causes deflection of the primary cilium, initiating downstream signaling cascades to the rest of the cell. The cilium forms a unique subcellular microdomain, and defects in ciliary protein composition or physical structure have been associated with a myriad of human pathologies. In this review, we discuss the importance of ciliary mechanotransduction at the cell and tissue level, and how furthering our molecular understanding of primary cilia mechanobiology may lead to therapeutic strategies to treat human diseases...
August 23, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
Sigrid Müller-Deubert, Lothar Seefried, Melanie Krug, Franz Jakob, Regina Ebert
Epidermal growth factors (EGFs) e.g. EGF, heparin-binding EGF and transforming growth factor alpha and their receptors e.g. EGFR and ErbB2 control proinflammatory signaling and modulate proliferation in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC). Interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 are EGF targets and participate in the inflammatory phase of bone regeneration via non-canonical wnt signaling. BMSC differentiation is also influenced by mechanical strain-related activation of ERK1/2 and AP-1, but the role of EGFR signaling in mechanotransduction is unclear...
August 18, 2017: Stem Cell Research
Francesco Morena, Ilaria Armentano, Pia Montanucci, Chiara Argentati, Elena Fortunati, Simona Montesano, Ilaria Bicchi, Teresa Pescara, Ilaria Pennoni, Samantha Mattioli, Luigi Torre, Loredana Latterini, Carla Emiliani, Giuseppe Basta, Riccardo Calafiore, Josè Maria Kenny, Sabata Martino
This work shows that the active interaction between human umbilical cord matrix stem cells and Poly (l-lactide)acid (PLLA) and PLLA/Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposite films results in the stem cell assembly as a spheroid conformation and affects the stem cell fate transition. We demonstrated that spheroids directly respond to a tunable surface and the bulk properties (electric, dielectric and thermal) of plain and nanocomposite PLLA films by triggering a mechanotransduction axis. This stepwise process starts from tethering of the cells' focal adhesion proteins to the surface, together with the adherens junctions between cells...
August 16, 2017: Biomaterials
Heemin Kang, Dexter Siu Hong Wong, Xiaohui Yan, Hee Joon Jung, Sungkyu Kim, Sien Lin, Kongchang Wei, Gang Li, Vinayak P Dravid, Liming Bian
Cellular adhesion is regulated by the dynamic ligation process of surface receptors, such as integrin, to adhesive motifs, such as Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD). Remote control of adhesive ligand presentation using external stimuli is an appealing strategy for the temporal regulation of cell-implant interactions in vivo and was recently demonstrated using photochemical reaction. However, the limited tissue penetration of light potentially hampers the widespread applications of this method in vivo. Here, we present a strategy for modulating the nanoscale oscillations of an integrin ligand simply and solely by adjusting the frequency of an oscillating magnetic field to regulate the adhesion and differentiation of stem cells...
August 30, 2017: ACS Nano
Elif Arslan, Meryem Hatip Koc, Ozge Uysal, Begum Dikecoglu, Ahmet Emin Topal, Ruslan Garifullin, Alper D Ozkan, Aykutlu Dana, Daniel Hermida-Merino, Valeria Castelletto, Charlotte Edwards-Gayle, Sefer Baday, Ian W Hamley, Ayse Begum Tekinay, Mustafa O Guler
Chirality and morphology are essential factors for protein function and interactions with other biomacromolecules. Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins are also similar to other proteins in this sense; however, the complexity of the natural ECM makes it difficult to study these factors at the cellular level. The synthetic peptide nanomaterials harbor great promise in mimicking specific ECM molecules as model systems. In this work, we demonstrate that mechanosensory responses of stem cells are directly regulated by the chirality and morphology of ECM-mimetic peptide nanofibers with strictly controlled characteristics...
August 25, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Varun Arvind, Alice H Huang
While there has been considerable progress in identifying molecular regulators of musculoskeletal development, the role of physical forces in regulating induction, differentiation, and patterning events is less well understood. Here, we highlight recent findings in this area, focusing primarily on model systems that test the mechanical regulation of skeletal and tendon development in the limb. We also discuss a few of the key signaling pathways and mechanisms that have been implicated in mechanotransduction and highlight current gaps in knowledge and opportunities for further research in the field...
August 22, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"