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Concussion sports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668716/earlier-time-to-aerobic-exercise-is-associated-with-faster-recovery-following-acute-sport-concussion
#1
David Wyndham Lawrence, Doug Richards, Paul Comper, Michael G Hutchison
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether earlier time to initiation of aerobic exercise following acute concussion is associated with time to full return to (1) sport and (2) school or work. METHODS: A retrospective stratified propensity score survival analysis of acute (≤14 days) concussion was used to determine whether time (days) to initiation of aerobic exercise post-concussion was associated with, both, time (days) to full return to (1) sport and (2) school or work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667530/effects-of-developmental-age-on-symptom-reporting-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-youth-after-sports-related-concussion-compared-to-control-athletes
#2
Donna L Murdaugh, Kim E Ono, Sarah O Morris, Thomas G Burns
There is increased necessity to focus research on school-aged athletes with sports-related concussion (SRC). This study assessed differences in symptom reporting and neurocognitive performance in youth athletes who sustained a sports-related concussion. A total of 1345 concussed and 3529 nonconcussed athletes (ages 8-21) completed the Immediate Post-concussive Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). Analyses of covariance were conducted in order to assess differences in neurocognitive performance and symptom reporting between the sports-related concussion and control groups across age ranges...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660962/return-to-learn-transitioning-to-school-and-through-ascending-levels-of-academic-support-for-students-following-a-concussion
#3
Karen McAvoy, Brenda Eagan-Johnson, Mark Halstead
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to familiarize healthcare providers and parents with educational language, laws, and processes as they relate to a comprehensive ascending level of academic supports as it pertains to promoting a smooth and supported transition to school following a concussion. BACKGROUND: Returning to learn (RTL) following a concussion is of parallel importance to returning to sport (RTS). A successful RTL is a critical part of concussion management...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648975/the-short-term-impact-of-concussion-in-the-nhl-an-analysis-of-player-longevity-performance-and-financial-loss
#4
Sergio Michael Navarro, Rowland West Pettit, Heather Suzanne Haeberle, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Nadeem M Rahman, Lutul D Farrow, Mark S Schickendantz, Prem N Ramkumar
Many studies have focused on the long-term impact of concussions in professional sports, but few have investigated short-term effects. This study examines concussion effects on individual players in the National Hockey League (NHL) by assessing career length, performance, and salary. Contracts, transactions, injury reports, and performance statistics from 2008 to 2017 were obtained from the official NHL online publication. Players who sustained a concussion were compared to the 2008-2017 non-concussed player pool...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648462/a-systematic-review-of-neuroimaging-findings-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sports-related-concussion
#5
Emilie Chamard, Jonathan D Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion (SRC) generally does not result in structural anomalies revealed through clinical imaging techniques such as MRI and CT. While advanced neuroimaging techniques offer another avenue to investigate the subtle alterations following SRC, the current pediatric literature in this area has yet to be reviewed. The aim of this review is to systematically explore the literature on magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and cortical thickness following SRC in children and adolescents...
April 12, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629181/comparison-of-baseline-and-postconcussion-scat3-scores-and-symptoms-in-varsity-athletes-an-investigation-into-differences-by-sex-and-history-of-concussion
#6
Johanna M Hurtubise, Cindy E Hughes, Lauren E Sergio, Alison K Macpherson
Objective: To investigate the use of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3) as an assessment tool in the varsity population, as well as the effects of sex and concussion history on both baseline and postconcussion scores. Methods: A comparison between baseline and postconcussion SCAT3 scores of varsity level athletes was conducted through retrospective chart review. Differences in both baseline and postconcussion scores were further analysed by sex and history of concussion...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627189/variations-in-mechanisms-of-injury-for-children-with-concussion
#7
Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Kristy B Arbogast, Kristina B Metzger, Arlene I Greenspan, Ronni Kessler, Allison E Curry, Jeneita M Bell, Lara DePadilla, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Mark R Zonfrillo, Christina L Master
OBJECTIVES: To assess the distribution of injury mechanisms and activities among children with concussions in a large pediatric healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: All patients, age 0-17 years, who had at least 1 clinical encounter with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis of concussion in the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's electronic health record system from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2014, were selected (N = 8233) and their initial concussion-related visit identified...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627090/concussion-in-para-sport
#8
REVIEW
James Kissick, Nick Webborn
Although Para athletes (the International Paralympic Committee term for sportspeople with a disability) are exposed to a risk of concussion just like their able-bodied counterparts, there has been little research into the incidence of concussion in para sport. Existing assessment and management guidelines and tools have been developed for the general sport population but may not be appropriate for use in some para-athletes. This review examines what is currently known about concussion in para sport and identifies challenges and opportunities in moving knowledge on this topic forward...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623281/effect-of-head-impact-exposures-on-changes-in-cognitive-testing
#9
Eleni Diakogeorgiou, Theresa L Miyashita
Background: Gaining a better understanding of head impact exposures may lead to better comprehension of the possible effects of repeated impact exposures not associated with clinical concussion. Purpose: To assess the correlation between head impacts and any differences associated with cognitive testing measurements pre- and postseason. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 34 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I men's lacrosse players wore lacrosse helmets instrumented with an accelerometer during the 2014 competitive season and were tested pre- and postseason with the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT 3) and Concussion Vital Signs (CVS) computer-based neurocognitive tests...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621016/impact-normative-data-of-ethnically-diverse-adolescent-athletes
#10
William T Tsushima, Vincent G Tsushima, Nathan M Murata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to develop preliminary norms for the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) administered to a large sample of adolescent athletes from diverse ethnic backgrounds. DESIGN: A retrospective records review. SETTING: Middle and high school athletic departments. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5741 male and female adolescent athletes in Hawaii, aged 13 to 18 years, in grades 9 to 12 were included in the study...
April 4, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619800/not-just-contact-sports-significant-numbers-of-sports-related-concussions-in-cycling
#11
Ingo Helmich, Daniel von Götz, Carina Emsermann, Fu Xuanjin, Anne Griese, Ilka Lauterbach, Hedda Lausberg
BACKGROUND: Although sports-related concussions (SRCs) / mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) in contact sports have recently received much attention, investigation of SRCs in cycling - a sport yielding some of the highest percentages of SRC - remains strikingly limited. In particular, rates of incidence, cycling-specific causes, and potential long-term effects of SRC have not been examined in this sport. Here, a retrospective online survey was used to investigate the incidence and potential long-term effects of SRCs among cyclists...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614933/an-update-to-the-ais-ama-position-statement-on-concussion-in-sport
#12
Lisa J Elkington, Silvia Manzanero, David C Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610049/the-king-devick-test-is-a-valid-and-reliable-tool-for-assessing-sport-related-concussion-in-australian-football-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Mark Hecimovich, Doug King, Alasdair R Dempsey, Myles Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Sport-related concussion (SRC) research has focused on impaired oculomotor function. The King-Devick (K-D) test measures oculomotor performance and is reported to identify suboptimal brain function. The use of the K-D test in Australian football (AF), a sport involving body contact and tackling, has not been documented. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability and diagnostic accuracy of the K-D test on a sub-elite AF team. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: In total, 22 male players (19...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609574/utility-of-serum-igf-1-for-diagnosis-of-growth-hormone-deficiency-following-traumatic-brain-injury-and-sport-related-concussion
#14
Kirstie Lithgow, Alex Chin, Chantel T Debert, Gregory A Kline
BACKGROUND: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a potential consequence of traumatic brain injury (TBI), including sport-related concussion (SRC). GH stimulation testing is required for definitive diagnosis; however, this is resource intensive and can be associated with adverse symptoms or risks. Measurement of serum IGF-1 is more practical and accessible, and pituitary tumour patients with hypopituitarism and low serum IGF-1 have been shown to have a high probability of GHD. We aimed to evaluate IGF-1 measurement for diagnosing GHD in our local TBI population...
April 2, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608767/descriptive-analysis-of-a-baseline-concussion-battery-among-u-s-service-academy-members-results-from-the-concussion-assessment-research-and-education-care-consortium
#15
Kathryn L O'Connor, C Dain Allred, Kenneth L Cameron, Darren E Campbell, Christopher J D'Lauro, Megan N Houston, Brian R Johnson, Tim F Kelly, Gerald McGinty, Patrick G O'Donnell, Karen Y Peck, Steven J Svoboda, Paul Pasquina, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Steven P Broglio
Introduction: The prevalence and possible long-term consequences of concussion remain an increasing concern to the U.S. military, particularly as it pertains to maintaining a medically ready force. Baseline testing is being used both in the civilian and military domains to assess concussion injury and recovery. Accurate interpretation of these baseline assessments requires one to consider other influencing factors not related to concussion. To date, there is limited understanding, especially within the military, of what factors influence normative test performance...
March 28, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601343/a-preliminary-investigation-of-accelerometer-derived-sleep-and-physical-activity-following-sport-related-concussion
#16
Alicia M Sufrinko, Erin K Howie, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in postconcussion activity levels and sleep throughout recovery in a sample of pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) patients, and examine the predictive value of accelerometer-derived activity and sleep on subsequent clinical outcomes at a follow-up clinic visit. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty athletes aged 12 to 19 years with diagnosed SRC. METHODS: Prospective study including visit 1 (<72 hours postinjury) and visit 2 (6-18 days postinjury)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581986/negative-mood-states-correlate-with-laterobasal-amygdala-in-collegiate-football-players
#17
Han Byul Cho, Charles Elliott Bueler, Jennifer DiMuzio, Charlie Hicks-Little, Erin McGlade, In Kyoon Lyoo, Deborah Yurgelun-Todd
A number of studies have suggested that sports-related concussion (SRC) may place individuals at increased risk for depression and negative outcomes including suicide. However, the mechanisms underlying a potential relationship between brain integrity and mood remain unclear. The current study is aimed at examining the association between amygdala shape, mood state, and postconcussion symptoms in collegiate football players. Thirty members of 1 football team completed the Profile of Mood States (POMS), the postconcussion symptom scale (PCSS), and an MRI protocol during preseason camp...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572188/long-term-cognitive-outcomes-in-male-and-female-athletes-following-sport-related-concussions
#18
Veronik Sicard, Robert Davis Moore, Dave Ellemberg
Despite concussion being a serious public health concern and the increasing participation of female athletes in sport, the comparative long-term outcomes of male and female athletes are poorly understood, potentially limiting the scientific understanding and clinical management of these injuries. We examined whether sex influences the long-term cognitive outcomes in athletes with a history of concussion (HOC; 6+ months from injury). Accordingly, 196 asymptomatic student-athletes participated in the study (98 with a HOC; 98 matched controls)...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571863/the-new-mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-a-test-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion-sized-for-the-sidelines
#19
Omar Akhand, Matthew S Galetta, Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Nikki Webb, Julia Drattell, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Janet C Rucker, Dennis Cardone, Barry D Jordan, Arlene Silverio, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: Measures of rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been used for over 50 years to capture vision-based aspects of cognition. The Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) is a test of rapid picture naming under investigation for detection of concussion and other neurological disorders. MULES was designed as a series of 54 grouped color photographs (fruits, random objects, animals) that integrates saccades, color perception and contextual object identification. Recent changes to the MULES test have been made to improve ease of use on the athletic sidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568786/reconsidering-return-to-play-times-a-broader-perspective-on-concussion-recovery
#20
Christopher D'Lauro, Brian R Johnson, Gerald McGinty, C Dain Allred, Darren E Campbell, Jonathan C Jackson
Background: Return-to-play protocols describe stepwise, graduated recoveries for safe return from concussion; however, studies that comprehensively track return-to-play time are expensive to administer and heavily sampled from elite male contact-sport athletes. Purpose: To retrospectively assess probable recovery time for collegiate patients to return to play after concussion, especially for understudied populations, such as women and nonelite athletes. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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