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Spondyloarthritides

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617323/osteoblast-role-in-rheumatic-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Addolorata Corrado, Nicola Maruotti, Francesco Paolo Cantatore
Alterations in osteoblast growth, differentiation and activity play a role in the pathogenesis of several rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritides, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis. In fact, in these rheumatic diseases, abnormal activity of Wnt signaling, receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK)-RANK ligand (RANKL)-osteoprotegerin (OPG) signaling, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) pathway and other mechanisms have been described in osteoblasts. This review article is focused on current knowledge on the role of osteoblast dysregulation occurring in rheumatic diseases...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593426/-spondyloarthritides
#2
M Rudwaleit
Spondyloarthritides (SpA) are inflammatory rheumatic diseases affecting the axial skeleton, peripheral joints and entheses, and also manifest at extraskeletal sites. According to the more recently introduced nomenclature, predominant axial SpA is distinguished from predominant peripheral SpA. Axial SpA is further divided into radiographic and nonradiographic axial SpA. Genetic factors are relevant, with HLA-B27 being most important. The interleukin 23/17 pathway seems to be relevant and points towards new therapeutic targets...
June 7, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505128/a-proposal-for-a-study-on-treatment-selection-and-lifestyle-recommendations-in-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-a-danish-multidisciplinary-collaboration-on-prognostic-factors-and-personalised-medicine
#3
Vibeke Andersen, Uffe Holmskov, Signe Bek Sørensen, Mohamad Jawhara, Karina W Andersen, Anette Bygum, Lone Hvid, Jakob Grauslund, Jimmi Wied, Henning Glerup, Ulrich Fredberg, Jan Alexander Villadsen, Søren Geill Kjær, Jan Fallingborg, Seyed A G R Moghadd, Torben Knudsen, Jacob Brodersen, Jesper Frøjk, Jens F Dahlerup, Ole Haagen Nielsen, Robin Christensen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Grith Lykke Sorensen, Steffen Thiel, Nils J Færgeman, Ivan Brandslund, Allan Stensballe, Erik Berg Schmidt, Andre Franke, David Ellinghaus, Philip Rosenstiel, Jeroen Raes, Berit Heitmann, Mette Boye, Charlotte Lindgaard Nielsen, Lars Werner, Jens Kjeldsen, Torkell Ellingsen
Chronic inflammatory diseases (CIDs), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (inflammatory bowel diseases, IBD), rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, spondyloarthritides, hidradenitis suppurativa, and immune-mediated uveitis, are treated with biologics targeting the pro-inflammatory molecule tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF) (i.e., TNF inhibitors). Approximately one-third of the patients do not respond to the treatment. Genetics and lifestyle may affect the treatment results. The aims of this multidisciplinary collaboration are to identify (1) molecular signatures of prognostic value to help tailor treatment decisions to an individual likely to initiate TNF inhibitor therapy, followed by (2) lifestyle factors that support achievement of optimised treatment outcome...
May 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293446/real-life-experience-of-using-conventional-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-dmards-in-psoriatic-arthritis-psa-retrospective-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-methotrexate-sulfasalazine-and-leflunomide-in-psa-in-comparison-to-spondyloarthritides-other-than-psa
#4
Euthalia Roussou, Aicha Bouraoui
OBJECTIVE: With the aim of assessing the response to treatment with conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) used in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), data on methotrexate, sulfasalazine (SSZ), and leflunomide were analyzed from baseline and subsequent follow-up (FU) questionnaires completed by patients with either PsA or other spondyloarthritides (SpAs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center real-life retrospective analysis was performed by obtaining clinical data via questionnaires administered before and after treatment...
March 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159704/effects-of-targeted-therapies-on-the-bone-in-arthritides
#5
REVIEW
Ágnes Szentpétery, Ágnes Horváth, Katalin Gulyás, Zsófia Pethö, Harjit Pal Bhattoa, Sándor Szántó, Gabriella Szücs, Oliver FitzGerald, Georg Schett, Zoltán Szekanecz
Inflammatory arthritides, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritides (SpA) have been associated with both localized bone resorption and/or formation, and generalized osteoporosis. Systemic inflammation may be the major driver for bone loss in arthritis. In RA and peripheral SpA the RANK-RANKL-OPG network is involved in bone resorption, while in axial SpA the Wnt-β-catenin axis and its inhibitors (DKK-1, sclerostin) are the most relevant. Targeted therapies including biologics and small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors may interfere with inflammatory bone metabolism...
March 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068848/the-safety-of-emerging-biosimilar-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#6
REVIEW
J Braun, J Kay
Biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), often administered in combination with methotrexate, target specific inflammatory mediators and have transformed the treatment of rheumatic diseases, especially rheumatoid arthritis (RA) but also the spondyloarthritides. However, the high cost of these drugs in many countries restricts patient access. As many bDMARDs have reached or are near to patent expiration, numerous biosimilar drugs are in development and some have already been approved. Biosimilars are generally priced lower than their reference products (RPs), or bio-originators, and as prices come down it is hoped that patient access to these drugs will increase, making the safety of these drugs an area of major interest...
March 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933391/-tapering-and-termination-of-immunosuppressive-treatment-in-spondyloarthritides-including-psoriatic-arthritis
#7
REVIEW
G Scholz, B Möller
BACKGROUND: Immunomodulatory long-term treatment has also become the standard treatment for spondyloarthritides (SpA), including psoriatic arthritis (PsA); however, uncertainty exists about dose reduction or termination of treatment after remission or low disease activity. OBJECTIVE: When is it possible to reduce medication or terminate treatment for SpA? MATERIAL AND METHODS: An extensive non-systematic literature search was performed focusing on practice guidelines, systematic meta-analyses and clinical trials on medicinal long-term treatment and voluntary medication reduction in axial and peripheral SpA, including PsA...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917632/-early-diagnosis-of-spondyloarthritis
#8
Kristýna Grobelná, Heřman Mann
Spondyloarthritides are chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases which affect the axial skeleton and/or peripheral joints and have a strong association with HLA-B27 antigen. According to the prevailing symptoms spondyloarthritis can be further divided into predominantly axial or peripheral form.This disease can gradually destroy affected joints with increasing delay between the onset of first symptoms and treatment commencement, therefore early diagnosis and treatment are necessary. Thus, we need to create simple reference strategies to enable primary care physicians effectively identify and refer these patients to a rheumatologist...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749140/biologic-therapy-for-hla-b27-associated-ocular-disorders
#9
Julie Gueudry, Jennifer E Thorne, Rakesh Bansie, Juergen Braun, P Martin van Hagen, Bahram Bodaghi
The treatment of articular and extra-articular manifestations associated with HLA-B27 has undergone dramatic changes over the past two decades, mainly as a consequence of the introduction of biologic agents and in particular anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNFα) agents. Uveitis is known to be the most frequent extra-articular feature in HLA-B27-associated spondyloarthritides. Topical corticosteroids and cycloplegic agents remain the cornerstones of treatment. However, biologic therapy may be effective in the management of refractory or recurrent forms of uveitis...
April 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747518/secukinumab-a-new-treatment-option-for-psoriatic-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Philip Mease, Iain B McInnes
INTRODUCTION: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory arthropathy associated with impaired physical function and reduced quality of life. Biologic therapies that target tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) have significantly improved clinical outcomes. Partial, non- and transient responses remain common comprising significant unmet clinical need. New therapies with novel modes of action are urgently required. OBJECTIVES: The interleukin (IL)-17 pathway has recently been attributed a critical role in the pathogenesis of spondyloarthritides...
June 2016: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726745/adult-inflammatory-arthritides-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#11
Eric Y Chang, Karen C Chen, Brady K Huang, Arthur Kavanaugh
Developments and improvements in knowledge are rapid and ongoing in both the radiologic and rheumatologic fields. During the past decade, the roles of imaging and the radiologist in the assessment and management of many inflammatory rheumatologic diseases have undergone several changes. To remain effective in patient care, the radiologist needs to be aware of these changes when recommending and interpreting imaging examinations for the referring physician. The goal of contemporary rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management is to redefine RA as a disease that is no longer characterized by erosions, which reflect established or long-standing untreated disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701693/-evidence-based-physical-therapy-of-rheumatic-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Wilfried Mau
New studies increase the evidence, that different applications of physical therapy are effective. In patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) physiotherapy of the hands improve strength, joint mobility and activity without increased risk of pain nor inflammation. A theory-based physiotherapy of the hands shows clinical effectiveness and cost-utility. In patients with spondyloarthritides supervised group exercise training is more effective than home exercise programs. Compared with biologics only combined exercise training and tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibitor therapy improve mobility and disease activity more effectively...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627085/-adverse-effects-of-biological-therapy-in-rheumatology
#13
Marta Olejárová
UNLABELLED: The biological treatment which is the most effective type of therapy for inflammatory rheumatic diseases, has become part of a standard clinical rheumatology practice in recent years. Thousands of patients in the Czech Republic with rheumatoid arthritis, different forms of spondyloarthritides and with psoriatic arthritis are now successfully treated in this way. The following medications are registered in the Czech Republic for the treatment of rheumatic diseases: infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab and belimumab, newly also secukinumab...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423748/hla-b27-allele-frequency-in-sri-lankan-patients-with-spondyloarthritides
#14
S Kidnapillai, N D Sirisena, V H Dissanayake
This preliminary study aims to describe the HLA-B27 allele frequency in Sri Lankan patients with spondyloarthritides (SA). An anonymised database of 373 Sri Lankan patients with SA referred for HLA-B27 testing was retrospectively analysed. Eighty five (22.8%) patients were positive for the HLA-B27 allele. A male preponderance was observed among the positives. The HLA-B27 allele frequency in this sample of patients with SA was relatively low compared to published studies in other populations. Further research is needed to identify the predominant subtypes of the allele to determine which subtypes are the most prevalent in a larger sample of Sri Lankan patients with SA, and to define their association with the specific types of SA...
June 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417564/improved-clinical-functional-and-work-outcomes-in-spondyloarthritides-during-real-life-adalimumab-treatment-in-central-eastern-europe
#15
Sándor Szántó, Gyula Poór, Daniela Opris, Oleg Iaremenko, Leona Procházková, Reet Kuuse, Orsolya Nagy, Valentyn Chernyshov, Pál Géher
AIM: Adalimumab effectiveness on clinical, functional and work-related outcomes was evaluated in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis or psoriatic arthritis treated in routine clinical practice in central-eastern Europe. METHODS: Patients (n = 555) were followed for 12 months. Primary end point was percentage of patients with a treatment response (≥50% decrease from baseline in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index or ≥1.2 point decrease from baseline in Disease Activity Index-28 joint for axial or peripheral symptoms, respectively)...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27089636/-general-concepts-and-pathogenesis-of-the-spondyloarthropathies
#16
Michael J Nissen
The spondyloarthritides are a group of interrelated diseases with a close association with the HLA-B27 antigen that share many common articular and extra-articular features. This paper summarizes the different classification criteria that are currently in use. While the exact pathogenesis of these diseases is not yet clearly elucidated, there are a number of hypotheses relating to HLA-B27, modifications of the microbiome and biomechanical stresses. This in turn leads to upregulation of various proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-17, IL-22 and IL-23, which results in further inflammation and osteoproliferation...
March 9, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067900/an-hla-b27-homodimer-specific-antibody-recognizes-a-discontinuous-mixed-disulfide-epitope-as-identified-by-affinity-mass-spectrometry
#17
Marius-Ionuţ Iuraşcu, Osiris Marroquin Belaunzanar, Claudia Cozma, Ulf Petrausch, Christoph Renner, Michael Przybylski
HLA-B27 homodimer formation is believed to be a hallmark of HLA-B27 associated spondyloarthritides. Recently, we have generated a homodimer-specific monoclonal antibody (HD6) and have demonstrated that HLA-B27 homodimer complexes are present on monocytes of healthy HLA-B27 gene carriers at low levels, with significantly increased levels at active disease. The capability of the HD6 antibody to discriminate between correctly formed HLA-B27 heterotrimers and pathology-associated homodimers is striking and cannot be explained by the primary structure of HLA-B27...
June 2016: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962559/concepts-in-monitoring-enthesitis-in-patients-with-spondylarthritis-the-role-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound
#18
REVIEW
Mihaela Cosmina Micu, Daniela Fodor
Enthesitis is the key pathological lesion in the spondyloarthritides group and an important element for early diagnosis with a predictive and prognostic value. The recognition of enthesitis on a clinical basis alone remains a challenge and creates unnecessary delays in diagnosis and adequate treatment commencement. Musculoskeletal ultrasound is a valid, reliable, and feasible imaging tool valuable for identifying inflammatory and structural lesions at enthesis level, helpful in establishing a diagnosis, evaluating disease activity and therapy monitoring...
March 2016: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908249/rheumatic-diseases-of-the-spine-imaging-diagnosis
#19
J A Narváez, J Hernández-Gañán, J Isern, J J Sánchez-Fernández
Spinal involvement is common both in the spondyloarthritides and in rheumatoid arthritis, in which the cervical segment is selectively affected. Rheumatoid involvement of the cervical spine has characteristic radiologic manifestations, fundamentally different patterns of atlantoaxial instability. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the technique of choice for evaluating the possible repercussions of atlantoaxial instability on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots in patients with rheumatoid arthritis as well as for evaluating parameters indicative of active inflammation, such as bone edema and synovitis...
April 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26575013/ankylosis-of-the-wrist-bones-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-study-with-extremity-dedicated-mri
#20
Francesca Barbieri, Giuseppe Zampogna, Dario Camellino, Francesco Paparo, Maurizio Cutolo, Giacomo Garlaschi, Marco A Cimmino
OBJECTIVES: Ankylosis, or spontaneous bone fusion, of the small joints of the hand is a rare event in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), being observed in 0.8% of them on conventional radiographs. It is associated with long-lasting and severe disease. In other settings, such as fracture healing, bone fusion is a reparative process. The aim of this paper is the study of the frequency of wrist ankylosis in patients with RA in comparison with other arthritides; to correlate ankylosis with disease activity...
January 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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