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Very low birth weight

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450616/early-motor-signs-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-spontaneous-position-and-movement-of-the-head
#1
Hirotaka Gima, Hideki Kihara, Hama Watanabe, Hisako Nakano, Junji Nakano, Yukuo Konishi, Tomohiko Nakamura, Gentaro Taga
We examined the characteristics of spontaneous movements at 9-20 weeks postterm age in very low birth-weight infants who later developed autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We analyzed video recordings of spontaneous movements of 39 children who had no clinical issues [typically developing (TD) group], 21 children who showed developmental delay, and 14 children who were diagnosed with ASD (ASD group) at 6 years of age. Head position in each video frame was classified by visual inspection. The percentage of midline head position (PMHP) and number of changes in head position were calculated...
February 15, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444139/post-discharge-body-weight-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Chung-Ting Hsu, Chao-Huei Chen, Ming-Chih Lin, Teh-Ming Wang, Ya-Chi Hsu
BACKGROUND: Premature infants are at high risk for developmental delay and cognitive dysfunction. Besides medical conditions, growth restriction is regarded as an important risk factor for cognitive and neurodevelopmental dysfunction throughout childhood and adolescence and even into adulthood. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between post-discharge body weight and psychomotor development using a nationwide dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study conducted in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443441/cumulative-live-birth-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-with-the-use-of-time-lapse-imaging-incubators-for-embryo-culture-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-1882-art-cycles
#3
Mariano Mascarenhas, Sarah J Fox, Karen Thompson, Adam H Balen
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of live birth rates and the perinatal outcomes after fresh and frozen embryo transfer between time lapse imaging (TLI) and standard culture (SC) incubators. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A single tertiary level IVF unit. POPULATION: Women undergoing IVF between January 2014 and October 2015. METHODS: Comparison was done between 1064 IVF cycles using TLI (TLI cycles) and 818 IVF cycles using SC (SC cycles)...
February 14, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439297/state-of-south-dakota-s-child-2017
#4
Ann L Wilson, Tyler Hemmingson, Brad Randall
There was a slight decrease in 2016 from 2015 in the total number of live births in South Dakota, but it was the fifth consecutive year that there were more than 12,000 newborns in the state. Nearly one-quarter of South Dakota's births represent minority populations mirroring what is observed nationally. Infant mortality in South Dakota dropped to its lowest ever rate per 1,000 live births (4.8) in 2016. Fewer births of less than 500 g newborns, increased survival of very low birth weight newborns, and a decrease in deaths due to congenital anomalies contributed to this low mortality rate...
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429456/-role-of-donor-human-milk-feeding-in-preventing-nosocomial-infection-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Hong-Juan Bi, Jing Xu, Qiu-Fen Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of donor human milk in the prevention of nosocomial infection in very low birth weight infants. MeETHODS: A total of 105 hospitalized preterm infants with a very low birth weight were enrolled. They were classified into mother's own milk feeding group, donor human milk feeding group, and preterm formula feeding group, with 35 infants in each group. The three groups were compared in terms of incidence rates of nosocomial infection, necrotizing enterocolitis, and feeding intolerance, time to full enteral feeding, and early growth indices...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426398/corrigendum-to-total-parenteral-nutrition-for-the-very-low-birth-weight-infant-semin-fetal-neonatal-med-2017-22-1-2-7
#6
Pinkal Patel, Jatinder Bhatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422156/expert-consensus-to-weight-an-adherence-score-for-audit-and-feedback-of-practices-that-prevent-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Sheila M Gephart, Christina Wyles, Jennifer Canvasser
OBJECTIVE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a catastrophic abdominal complication threatening the life of premature infants, but adoption of prevention and early recognition practices differs as do NEC rates in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). The purpose of this research was to validate and weight an evidence-based adherence score (aka NEC-Zero Adherence Score) to prevent and foster timely recognition of NEC. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic Delphi (e-Delphi) approach was used to identify consensus...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419902/individualized-postnatal-growth-trajectories-for-preterm-infants
#8
Erin Landau-Crangle, Niels Rochow, Tanis R Fenton, Kai Liu, Anaam Ali, Hon Yiu So, Gerhard Fusch, Michael L Marrin, Christoph Fusch
BACKGROUND: Growth of preterm infants is monitored using fetal charts despite individual trajectories being downshifted postnatally by adaptational processes. The study aims to compare different approaches to create individualized postnatal trajectories. METHODS: Three approaches to achieve growth similar to healthy term infants at 42+0/7 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) on World Health Organization growth standards (WHOGS) (target weight) were tested by comparing trajectories obtained by: 1) following birth percentiles (Birth-Weight-Percentile Approach); 2) following percentiles achieved at day of life 21 (Postnatal-Percentile Approach); 3) using day-specific fetal median growth velocities starting at day of life 21 (Fetal-Median-Growth Approach [FMGA])...
February 8, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419622/experiences-and-cessation-needs-of-indigenous-women-who-smoke-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#9
Sandra Small, Caroline Porr, Michelle Swab, Cynthia Murray
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence to address two questions: i) what is the experience of smoking during pregnancy for Indigenous women? and ii) what are the smoking cessation needs of Indigenous women who smoke during pregnancy? INTRODUCTION: Smoking during pregnancy not only affects pregnant women's general health but also causes such serious problems as pre-term delivery, low birth weight, and sudden infant death...
February 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415590/the%C3%A2-mortality-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-the-benefit-and%C3%A2-relative-impact-of-changes-in-population-and-therapeutic-variables
#10
Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Valentina Boyko, Liat Lerner-Geva, Cathy Hammerman, Misgav Rottenstreich, Arnon Samueloff, Michael S Schimmel, Brian Reichman
OBJECTIVE: Very low birth weight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) infants' mortality rates have decreased markedly. We aimed to quantify the relative contribution of changes in the distribution of population characteristics and changes in specific mortality rates on the decline in mortality rates of VLBW infants. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based observational study of the Israel national VLBW infant database. The study population comprised singleton VLBW infants of 24-32 weeks' gestation born during the epochs 1995-2000 (n = 3728) and 2006-2010 (n = 3246)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411344/maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-dichorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancies-diagnosed-with-vanishing-twin-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-single-clinical-center
#11
Hakan Timur, Rifat Taner Aksoy, Aytekin Tokmak, Burcu Timur, Bugra Coskun, Dilek Uygur, Nuri Danisman
OBJECTIVES: Multiple pregnancies are known to be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal complications. How-ever, data regarding the outcomes of spontaneously reduced twin pregnancies are limited. In the current study we aimed to evaluate the consequences of the vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies for both mother and baby in our perinatal center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 711 pregnancies were included into the study...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410448/intestinal-microbiota-development-and-gestational-age-in-preterm-neonates
#12
Katri Korpela, Elin W Blakstad, Sissel J Moltu, Kenneth Strømmen, Britt Nakstad, Arild E Rønnestad, Kristin Brække, Per O Iversen, Christian A Drevon, Willem de Vos
The intestinal microbiota is an important contributor to the health of preterm infants, and may be destabilized by a number of environmental factors and treatment modalities. How to promote the development of a healthy microbiota in preterm infants is largely unknown. We collected fecal samples from 45 breastfed preterm very low birth weight (birth weight < 1500 g) infants from birth until 60 days postnatal age to characterize the intestinal microbiota development during the first weeks of life in preterm infants...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409620/necrotizing-enterocolitis-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-preterm-infants-match-control-study-after-2years
#13
Antje Allendorf, Ruth Dewitz, Joy Weber, Shahrzad Bakthiar, Rolf Schloesser, Udo Rolle
PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very low birth weight infants is a risk factor for developmental delay. To our knowledge, there are no studies published investigating the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC comparing surgically treated and conservatively treated patients versus match paired controls. The aim of this retrospective case control study was to measure the neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with NEC who were treated surgically or conservatively METHODS: All patients were identified, who have been diagnosed with NEC (ICD-10 code, P77) born between 2006 and 2013...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406466/effect-of-rotavirus-vaccination-on-acute-diarrheal-hospitalizations-among-low-and-very-low-birth-weight-us-infants-2001-2015
#14
Rebecca M Dahl, Aaron T Curns, Jacqueline E Tate, Umesh D Parashar
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines in low and very low birth weight infants (LBW and VLBW) weighing <2,500 grams and <1500 grams at birth, respectively, a high-risk population for severe rotavirus gastroenteritis, has not been well examined. METHODS: We analyzed inpatient commercial claims data for US children aged <5 years from July 2001 to June 2015. Claims for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and rotavirus-coded hospitalizations and LBW, VLBW, and normal birth weight (NBW) infants were identified...
February 3, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405378/polygenic-risk-score-prediction-of-alcohol-dependence-symptoms-across-population-based-and-clinically-ascertained-samples
#15
Jeanne E Savage, Jessica E Salvatore, Fazil Aliev, Alexis C Edwards, Matthew Hickman, Kenneth S Kendler, John Macleod, Antti Latvala, Anu Loukola, Jaakko Kaprio, Richard J Rose, Grace Chan, Victor Hesselbrock, Bradley T Webb, Amy Adkins, Tim B Bigdeli, Brien P Riley, Danielle M Dick
BACKGROUND: Despite consistent evidence of the heritability of alcohol use disorders (AUDs), few specific genes with an etiological role have been identified. It is likely that AUDs are highly polygenic; however, the etiological pathways and genetic variants involved may differ between populations. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate whether aggregate genetic risk for AUDs differed between clinically ascertained and population-based epidemiological samples. METHODS: Four independent samples were obtained: 2 from unselected birth cohorts (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children [ALSPAC], N = 4,304; FinnTwin12 [FT12], N = 1,135) and 2 from families densely affected with AUDs, identified from treatment-seeking patients (Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, N = 2,097; Irish Affected Sib Pair Study of Alcohol Dependence, N = 706)...
February 5, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403155/fluctuation-of-blood-glucose-levels-in-an-infant-with-an-ileostomy-on-continuous-glucose-monitoring-a-case-report
#16
Seiichi Tomotaki, Tetsuo Naramura, Junko Hanakawa, Katsuaki Toyoshima, Koji Muroya, Masanori Adachi
Infants with an ileostomy can be at high risk of hypoglycemia because of inadequate nutritional intake; however, there are no reports investigating blood glucose (BG) in infants with ileostomy. We experienced a case of an extremely low birth weight infant who was born at 24 wk of gestation and weighted 623 g. He received an ileostomy because of an intestinal perforation. After the ileostomy, he had recurrent hypoglycemia. Continuous glucose monitoring showed fluctuation of BG levels (postprandial BG elevations and subsequent declines) and non-fasting hypoglycemia, which were undetectable with intermittent fasting BG measurement...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402770/cord-blood-lysophosphatidylcholine-16-1-is-positively-associated-with-birth-weight
#17
Yong-Ping Lu, Christoph Reichetzeder, Cornelia Prehn, Liang-Hong Yin, Chen Yun, Shufei Zeng, Chang Chu, Jerzy Adamski, Berthold Hocher
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Impaired birth outcomes, like low birth weight, have consistently been associated with increased disease susceptibility to hypertension in later life. Alterations in the maternal or fetal metabolism might impact on fetal growth and influence birth outcomes. Discerning associations between the maternal and fetal metabolome and surrogate parameters of fetal growth could give new insight into the complex relationship between intrauterine conditions, birth outcomes, and later life disease susceptibility...
January 29, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402455/routine-supplementation-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-and-risk-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Andrea F Kane, Anisha D Bhatia, Patricia W Denning, Andi L Shane, Ravi Mangal Patel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if routine supplementation of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG ATCC 53103 (LGG) is associated with a decreased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study of VLBW (<1500 g) infants at a single center from 2008 to 2016. LGG supplementation with Culturelle at a dose of 2.5 to 5 × 109 CFU/day began in 2014. We used multivariable logistic regression to evaluate the association between LGG supplementation and necrotizing enterocolitis (modified Bell stage IIA or greater), after adjusting for potential confounders...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392321/retinopathy-of-prematurity-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-china-incidence-and-perinatal-risk-factors
#19
Tian Wu, Li Zhang, Yu Tong, Yi Qu, Bin Xia, Dezhi Mu
Purpose: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of blindness in children worldwide. This study aimed to determine the incidence and perinatal risk factors for ROP in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) Chinese infants. Methods: A retrospective study of the medical records of 504 VLBW infants screened for ROP from 2012 to 2015 was performed in West China Second University Hospital. VLBW infants were examined according to the Royal College of Ophthalmologists ROP guideline and retinopathy was graded following the International Classification of ROP...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391293/a-case-of-non-treated-trichomonas-vaginalis-infection-and-severe-preterm-labour-with-positive-obstetrical-outcome
#20
E Salakos, D Korb, C Morin, O Sibony
Trichomonas vaginalis is a very common, sexually transmitted, infection that may sometimes be asymptomatic or cause vaginitis and urethritis. Recently, it has been associated with adverse obstetric outcomes such as preterm delivery, low birth weight and premature rupture of membranes. Trichomonas vaginalis can be vertically transmitted at birth. It has been found in pharynx and low respiratory tract of neonates with respiratory disease. It has also been involved in some cases of intellectual disability. The recommended treatment is a 2g metronidazole oral single dose, even for asymptomatic patients...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
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