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Medical massage

Fereshteh Jahdi, Maryam Mehrabadi, Forough Mortazavi, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorder is common during the postpartum period. Back massage relaxation techniques are one of the most important nonpharmacological interventions to prevent and control postpartum-related anxiety. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of slow-stroke back massage on the anxiety levels of primiparous mothers in the first days after delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single-blind controlled clinical trial consisted of 100 primiparous mothers with normal deliveries...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Samantha Rothberg, Benjamin W Friedman
BACKGROUND: A total of 2.7 million patients present to US emergency departments annually for management of low back pain (LBP). Despite optimal medical therapy, more than 50% remain functionally impaired 3 months later. We performed a systematic review to address the following question: Among patients with nonchronic LBP, does spinal manipulation, massage, exercise, or yoga, when combined with standard medical therapy, improve pain and functional outcomes more than standard medical therapy alone? METHODS: We used published searches to identify relevant studies, supplemented with our own updated search...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Syal Kumar, Thomas Rampp, Christian Kessler, Michael Jeitler, Gustav J Dobos, Rainer Lüdtke, Larissa Meier, Andreas Michalsen
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda is one of the oldest comprehensive healthcare systems worldwide. Ayurvedic massage and physical therapy are frequently used to treat patients with chronic pain syndromes and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Ayurvedic massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain by means of a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN: Sixty-four patients (mean age, 54.8 years; 49 women and 15 men) with chronic low back pain who scored >40 mm on a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned to a 2-week massage group with 6 hours of Ayurvedic massage and external treatment (n = 32) or to a 2-week local thermal therapy group (n = 32)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Laura Allen
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of massage on chronic low-back pain in a patient with four different diagnoses: osteoarthritis, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease. The patient's goal was to cut down on the amount of pain medication he takes. METHODS: A 63-year-old man with chronic back pain received four massages across a twenty-day period. Progress was recorded using the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale, as he self-reported on levels of pain and interference with his activities of daily living...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Richard L Nahin, Robin Boineau, Partap S Khalsa, Barbara J Stussman, Wendy J Weber
Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy. This article examines the clinical trial evidence for the efficacy and safety of several specific approaches-acupuncture, manipulation, massage therapy, relaxation techniques including meditation, selected natural product supplements (chondroitin, glucosamine, methylsulfonylmethane, S-adenosylmethionine), tai chi, and yoga-as used to manage chronic pain and related disability associated with back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, neck pain, and severe headaches or migraines...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Manju Aswath, Lakshmi V Pandit, Karthik Kashyap, Raguram Ramnath
Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a phenomenon, in which afflicted women experience spontaneous genital arousal, unresolved by orgasms and triggered by sexual or nonsexual stimuli, eliciting stress. The current case is a 40-year-old female who experienced such orgasms for about a month. Physical examination, investigations, and psychological testing were noncontributory. Carbamazepine (600 mg) was discontinued due to a lack of response. She improved significantly with supportive therapy. Various neuropsychological conditions, pelvic pathology, medications, etc...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Jack H Short, Constance Bradley, Janis E Blair, Terry D Stewart, Mark W Burns, Roberto L Patron, Denise M Millstine
OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent and modalities of integrative medicine strategies that patients with coccidioidomycosis (valley fever) have incorporated into their treatment regimens. DESIGN: A direct patient survey was distributed, with 100 unique responses, at a single infectious diseases clinic at an academic medical center in Arizona. Eligible patients, defined as those with confirmed coccidioidomycosis or currently under evaluation, were polled on their personal use of 36 integrative medicine modalities...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Davood Bayat, Seyed Reza Vakilinia, Majid Asghari
BACKGROUND: According to WHO estimation, the number of diabetic patients would reach about 591.9 million people in 2035. The tendency towards other kinds of treatment is increasing because of the high therapeutic expenditures and current medical complications. Positive results of massage in recent articles and the prominent role of dalk in Iranian traditional medicine led us to the present study review. METHODS: Studying Iranian traditional medicine textbooks, such as Canon of Ibn Sina, Kholasat Al Hekma of Aghili, Zakhireh-ye Khwarazm shahi of Jorjani, Alhavi of Razes and Kamel-al-sanaat of Ibn Abas were done on the topic of dalk discussion...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Yoon Soo Cho, So Young Joo, Huisong Cui, Sung-Rae Cho, Haejun Yim, Cheong Hoon Seo
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) has been used to reduce pain in patients with various musculoskeletal diseases and wounds. We investigated the effect of ESWT on scar pain after complete wound epithelialization in burn patients. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted from February 2014 to 2015. Forty patients with burn scar pain despite standard therapy (medication, physical therapy, and burn rehabilitation massage therapy) were randomized into ESWT or control (sham ESWT) groups...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
M D Lobo, M Y Adeel, C B Wolff, P O Julu, M Shah, D M Collier, M Saxena, C Floyd, T Brier, V Kapil, O Mukhtar, A Radunovic, N Sutcliffe, F Sharif
OBJECTIVE: Profound BP variability (BPV) is a major cause of cardiovascular morbidity and poor quality of life as there are no optimal pharmacological strategies to help patients. We hypothesised that in a patient with baroreflex dysfunction and preserved efferent baroreflex pathway, carotid sinus stimulation may help control BP, BPV and heart rate variability (HRV). DESIGN AND METHOD: A 52 year old man was referred with profound HR and BPV. Home SBPs were in a range of 60-250 mmHg and DBPs were 40-130 mmHg and heart rate (HR) of 60-200 bpm (confirmed with ABPM, see Figure) despite multiple medications including felodipine 30 mg daily, terazosin 16 mg daily, doxazosin 8 mg daily, bisoprolol 20 mg daily and butrans patch 17...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Tiffany Field
In this review, massage therapy has been shown to have beneficial effects on varying conditions including prenatal depression, preterm infants, full-term infants, autism, skin conditions, pain syndromes including arthritis and fibromyalgia, hypertension, autoimmune conditions including asthma and multiple sclerosis, immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer and aging problems including Parkinson's and dementia. Although many of the studies have involved comparisons between massage therapy and standard treatment control groups, several have compared different forms of massage (e...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Kazim Emre Karasahin, Ulas Fidan, Ferdi Kinci, Serkan Bodur
We have recently read the paper by Fisher et al. (1), evaluating the complementary and alternative medicine use by women with cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort. In their review, the authors have reported that cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort was widely experienced by women across the cultures, and that the papers they reviewed clearly showed women used complementary and alternative medicine to treat a wide range of cyclic perimenstrual pain and discomfort. We were surprised to see that although they have mentioned almost all of the popular complementary and alternative medical approaches througout the world, such as vitamin/mineral supplements, evening primrose oil, herbal teas, acupuncture, massage, mind body therapies, yoga, meditation etc...
August 8, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Yue Wu, Wei Zhang, Lin Zhang, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Xunjie Cheng, Xin Deng, Li Li, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
BACKGROUND: Injury morbidity data are collected through hospital-based surveillance in many countries. We assessed the extent of non-fatal injures treated outside a hospital. METHODS: Data from the first provincial health household interview survey of Hunan, China, conducted in 2013, were used. Injury events were identified and included as medically significant when any of the following circumstances occurred in the prior 14 days: (i) receiving medical treatment from a doctor at a hospital following an injury; (ii) receiving medical treatment by self or others outside a hospital following an injury (e...
August 6, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Lena Oxelmark, Annelie Lindberg, Robert Löfberg, Berit Sternby, Anders Eriksson, Sven Almer, Ragnar Befrits, Bjöörn Fossum, Per Karlén, Olle Broström, Curt Tysk
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in patients with chronic diseases, including those with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients may turn to CAM when conventional therapies are inadequate or associated with side effects for symptomatic relief or to regain control over their disease. The objectives were to explore CAM use and perceived effects in IBD patients in comparison with a control group. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter, controlled study was carried out...
November 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
A Avantaggiato, M Andreasi Bassi, F Cura, M Pascali, F Carinci
Radiofrequency machines for medical use are known to produce moderate clinical improvement of skin laxity without invasive procedures. Numerous equipment with different characteristics have been proposed after the introduction in 2002 of the first FDA approved device. This report is aimed to test if RF treatment is effective when performed at low frequency and low energy level. Two RF treatments were performed unilaterally 7 and 2 days before a planned eyebrow lifting surgery, with a radiofrequency device with 0...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Matthew C Strehlow, Jennifer A Newberry, Corey B Bills, Hyeyoun Elise Min, Ann E Evensen, Lawrence Leeman, Elizabeth A Pirrotta, G V Ramana Rao, S V Mahadevan
OBJECTIVES: Characterise the demographics, management and outcomes of obstetric patients transported by emergency medical services (EMS). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Five Indian states using a centralised EMS agency that transported 3.1 million pregnant women in 2014. PARTICIPANTS: This study enrolled a convenience sample of 1684 women in third trimester of pregnancy calling with a 'pregnancy-related' problem for free-of-charge ambulance transport...
2016: BMJ Open
Naoki Akazawa, Naomi Okawa, Masaki Kishi, Kiyoshi Nakatani, Katsuya Nishikawa, Daichi Tokumura, Yuji Matsui, Hideki Moriyama
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of long-term self-massage at the musculotendinous junction on hamstring extensibility, stiffness, stretch tolerance, and structural indices. DESIGN: Single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven healthy men. INTERVENTION: The right or left leg of each participant was randomly assigned to the massage group, and the other leg was assigned to the control group...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Ermin Čehić, Miro Kasum, Velimir Šimunić, Slavko Orešković, Goran Vujić, Franjo Grgić
Young men comprise the overwhelming majority of men with spinal cord injury (SCI), the incidence of which has been growing over the years. Due to advances in physical medicine and rehabilitation, remarkable improvements in survival rates have been reported, leading to life expectancies similar to those of the general population. However, many sexual and reproductive functions may be impaired due to erectile or ejaculatory dysfunction and semen abnormalities, characterised by low-sperm motility or viability in SCI males who have not become parents yet...
July 16, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Grace M Deyo, Danielle N Ryan, Stephen P Sales, Lance S Governale
INTRODUCTION: Chiari I decompression (C1D) is a common pediatric neurosurgical procedure. Inpatient C1D postoperative care is often notable for pain and poor activity. Initiation of rehabilitation therapies, including physical, occupational, massage, and recreational, may impact recovery, but published evidence is scant. METHODS: An electronic medical record query by Current Procedural Terminology code identified all patients who underwent C1D at our pediatric tertiary-care hospital from January 1, 2012 through February 20, 2016...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Jia Chen, Yunfeng Zhang, Peiru Wang, Bo Wang, Guolong Zhang, Xiuli Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Plum-blossom needling might enhance transdermal penetration of topically applied drugs by creating vertical channels. The purpose of this study was to evaluate drug delivery assisted by plum-blossom needling comparing with CO2 laser ablative fractional resurfacing (AFR) using 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), a porphyrin precursor, as a test drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ex vivo porcine skin was treated with plum-blossom needle(HWATO, Suzhou medical supplies factory Co...
September 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
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