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Pediatric swallowing

James W Varni, Robert J Shulman, Mariella M Self, Samuel Nurko, Miguel Saps, Shehzad A Saeed, Ashish S Patel, Chelsea Vaughan Dark, Cristiane B Bendo, John F Pohl
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the patient-reported multidimensional gastrointestinal symptoms predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in pediatric patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). METHODS: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Gastrointestinal Symptoms Scales and PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales were completed in a 9-site study by 259 pediatric patients with functional constipation, functional abdominal pain (FAP), or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)...
October 14, 2016: Quality of Life Research
R M Dorman, L M Yee, S H Sutton
In our perinatal HIV cohort, we have observed difficulty swallowing pills as a frequent and significant barrier to adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy. We refer to this problem as pill aversion and define it as difficulty swallowing pills with no persistent medical or structural cause as well as the anxiety and physical symptoms associated with pill swallowing. By applying cognitive behavioral theory to behavioral patterns within our pregnant HIV-infected population, we seek to better understand the development and reinforcement of pill aversion behavior...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Anna M Follent, Anna F Rumbach, Elizabeth C Ward, Jeanne Marshall, Pamela Dodrill, Peter Lewindon
PURPOSE: There is limited information regarding the nature of dysphagia and feeding difficulties following alkali ingestion injury to inform multidisciplinary intervention. The aim was to describe the history and nature of chronic dysphagia and feeding difficulties in two children following severe alkali ingestion injury. METHODS: Medical records, primary caregiver report, and clinical assessment were used to compile detailed case histories and assess current dysphagia and feeding skills...
October 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Joan C Arvedson
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have played primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. Medical, surgical, and technological advances have improved the survival of young fragile infants and children, many of whom will present with feeding/swallowing problems. Regardless of their underlying etiologies, many of these children are at risk for aspiration-induced lung disease, undernutrition or malnutrition, developmental deficits, and stressful interactions with their caregivers...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
Thuy Frakking, Anne Chang, Kerry O'Grady, Michael David, Kelly Weir
BACKGROUND: Cervical auscultation (CA) may be used to complement feeding/swallowing evaluations when assessing for aspiration. There are no published pediatric studies that compare the properties of sounds between aspirating and nonaspirating swallows. AIM: To establish acoustic and perceptual profiles of aspirating and nonaspirating swallow sounds and determine if a difference exists between these 2 swallowing types. METHODS: Aspiration sound clips were obtained from recordings using CA simultaneously undertaken with videofluoroscopic swallow study...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Véronique Bourg, Anne Descotes, Anne Pagnier, Jacques Griffet, Dominique Plantaz
The Child and Family Hospital of Grenoble is one of the rare university hospitals in France to benefit from the presence of a physician specializing in rehabilitation medicine. This hospital includes both inpatient and outpatient units. During the temporary closure of one department, certain members of the rehabilitation unit were reassigned to the acute care wards of the pediatric department, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists. Over the course of one year, these therapists completed more than 150 interventions in this department, more than half of which were in the hematology and oncology ward...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
N H Alotaibi, Aurélie Bornand, Nicolas Dulguerov, M Becker, Pavel Dulguerov
INTRODUCTION: Synovial sarcoma (SS) is uncommon high grade soft tissue sarcoma, accounting for less than 10% of all head and neck sarcomas. Also, about 10% of SS occur within the Head & Neck. In the pediatric population, SS is an extremely rare head & neck malignancy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of sixteen years old boy diagnosed with SS situated of the hypopharynx treated by surgical excision and post operative radio-chemotherapy. DISCUSSION: This anatomical location brings additional functional challenges (swallowing, phonation, respiration), especially in the pediatric population...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Cheryl Hersh, Carissa Wentland, Sarah Sally, Marie de Stadler, Steven Hardy, M Shannon Fracchia, Bob Liu, Christopher Hartnick
INTRODUCTION: Radiation exposure is recognized as having long term consequences, resulting in increased risks over the lifetime. Children, in particular, have a projected lifetime risk of cancer, which should be reduced if within our capacity. The objective of this study is to quantify the amount of ionizing radiation in care for children being treated for aspiration secondary to a type 1 laryngeal cleft. With this baseline data, strategies can be developed to create best practice pathways to maintain quality of care while minimizing radiation exposure...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
İhsan Yıldız, Yavuz Savaş Koca, İbrahim Barut
Foreign body ingestion can be caused by many factors, including hallucination in patients with mental retardation. Most ingested foreign bodies are naturally discharged, though surgical intervention is necessary in some cases. Endoscopic intervention often leads to successful outcome, though open surgery may be required in certain instances. A 29-year-old mentally retarded woman presented to emergency services with a 2-day history of right lumbar pain that increased with movement. Physical examination revealed no specific sign beyond palpable tenderness in the right lumbar region...
July 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Memorie M Gosa, Pamela Dodrill
BACKGROUND: Unlike adult populations, who primarily depend on liquids for hydration alone, infants rely on liquids to provide them with hydration and nutrition. Speech-language pathologists working within pediatric medical settings often identify dysphagia in patients and subsequently recommend thickened liquids to reduce aspiration risk. Caregivers frequently report difficulty attempting to prepare infant formula to the prescribed thickness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was designed to determine (1) the relationship between consistencies in modified barium swallow studies and thickened infant formulas and (2) the effects of time and temperature on the resulting thickness of infant formula...
August 31, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Javier Monagas, Priyanshi Ritwik, Andrew Kolomensky, Julio Acosta, Danielle Kay, Lindsey Clendaniel, Paul E Hyman
Rumination syndrome is the effortless regurgitation of recently ingested food with subsequent re-swallowing or spitting out. Dental erosion (DE) affects 2% to 5% of the population. DE is defined as loss of tooth structure by a chemical process that does not involve bacteria. Our objective was to compare the frequency of DE among children with rumination syndrome with healthy controls. We enrolled 30 patients 4 to 21 years of age diagnosed with rumination syndrome, and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Mandy Henderson, Anna Miles, Victoria Holgate, Sophia Peryman, Jacqui Allen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of obtaining and utilizing objective measures of timing and displacement from videofluoroscopy performed in pediatrics. STUDY DESIGN: Children (n = 121; mean age 38 months, range 9 days-21 years, SD 4 years) referred for videofluoroscopy were recruited. All underwent a standardized protocol including a mid-feed 20-second loop recorded at 25 frames per second. Videos were analyzed using objective digital measures of timing and displacement...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Julie A Mennella, Nuala K Bobowski
The Monell two-series, forced-choice, paired-comparison tracking method provides a reliable measure of sweet taste preferences from childhood to adulthood. The method, which is identical for children, adolescents, and adults, is of short duration (< 15 min), does not rely on sustained attention or place demands on memory (which would yield spurious age differences), and minimizes the impact of language development, making this method amenable to the cognitive limitations of pediatric populations. In this whole-mouth tasting method, subjects are asked to taste (without swallowing) pairs of solutions of different sucrose concentrations and to point to the solution they prefer...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Kathleen M Tibbetts, Derek Wu, Jeffrey V Hsu, William B Burton, Michel Nassar, Melin Tan
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral vocal fold immobility (UVFI) results in deficits in phonatory, respiratory, and swallow function of the pediatric patient. Little is known about long-term functional swallow outcomes. METHODS: Medical records of children diagnosed with UVFI between 2005 and 2014 at a tertiary children's hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Etiology, laryngoscopy findings, and swallow status at diagnosis and follow-up were recorded. Swallow outcomes were compared by etiology using Fisher's exact test...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jennifer C Fuller, Sumi Sinha, Paul A Caruso, Cheryl J Hersh, William E Butler, Kalpathy S Krishnamoorthy, Christopher J Hartnick
Chronic aspiration poses a major health risk to the pediatric population. We describe four cases in which work up for chronic aspiration with a brain MRI revealed a Chiari I malformation, a poorly described etiology of pediatric aspiration. All patients had at least one non-specific neurologic symptom but had swallow studies more characteristic of an anatomic than a neurologic etiology. Patients were referred to neurosurgery and underwent posterior fossa decompression with symptom improvement. A high index of suspicion for Chiari malformation should be maintained when the standard work up for aspiration is non-diagnostic, particularly when non-specific neurologic symptoms are present...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Oleg A Shchelochkov, Klara Dickinson, Bruce F Scharschmidt, Brendan Lee, Miguel Marino, Cynthia Le Mons
UNLABELLED: Patients and families living with metabolic disorders face challenging dietary and drug treatment regimens. On the hypothesis that poor palatability, volume and frequency of drug/formula administration contribute to treatment non-adherence and hyperammonemic episodes, a survey was conducted of patient, caregiver (CG) and physician perspectives on treatments used in urea cycle disorders (UCD). METHODS: A paper and online survey assessed experience with UCD medications, medical foods and dietary supplements...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Lara Ferris, Nathalie Rommel, Sebastian Doeltgen, Ingrid Scholten, Stamatiki Kritas, Rammy Abu-Assi, Lisa McCall, Grace Seiboth, Katie Lowe, David Moore, Jenny Faulks, Taher Omari
OBJECTIVES: To determine which objective pressure-impedance measures of pharyngeal swallowing function correlated with clinically assessed severity of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-five children with OPD and 34 control children without OPD were recruited and up to 5 liquid bolus swallows were recorded with a solid-state high-resolution manometry with impedance catheter. Individual measures of pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter (UES) function and a swallow risk index composite score were derived for each swallow, and averaged data for patients with OPD were compared with those of control children without OPD...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Arwen Jackson, Jennifer Maybee, Maura K Moran, Kristine Wolter-Warmerdam, Francis Hickey
Aspiration is an often unrecognized comorbidity in children with Down syndrome with serious medical consequences. This retrospective chart review of swallow study reports characterizes oral and pharyngeal phase dysphagia and diet modifications on videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS) in a large cohort of children with Down syndrome. A total of 158 pediatric patients (male = 95; female = 63; mean age 2.10 years, SD 3.17 years) received an initial VFSS at a pediatric teaching hospital as part of their medical care...
October 2016: Dysphagia
Thuy T Frakking, Anne B Chang, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Michael David, Katie Walker-Smith, Kelly A Weir
In this study, we aimed to determine if the use of cervical auscultation (CA) as an adjunct to the clinical feeding evaluation (CFE + CA) improves the reliability of predicting oropharyngeal aspiration (abbreviated to aspiration) in children. The design of the study is based on open label, randomized controlled trial with concealed allocation. Results from children (<18 years) randomized to either CFE or CFE + CA were compared to videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS), the reference standard data. Aspiration was defined using the Penetration-Aspiration Scale...
July 11, 2016: Dysphagia
Alain Schoepfer, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Alex Straumann
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has been defined as a 'chronic, immune/antigen-mediated, esophageal disease, characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation'. A peak value of ≥15 eosinophils/high power field has been defined as histologic diagnostic cutoff. Other conditions associated with esophageal eosinophilia, such as gastro-esophageal reflux disease, PPI-responsive esophageal eosinophilia or Crohn's disease, need to be ruled out before EoE can be diagnosed...
2016: Digestive Diseases
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