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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101665/feasibility-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-adjusted-dswal-qol-questionnaire-for-dysphagic-patients-with-additional-language-and-or-cognitive-impairment-part-i
#1
Ingeborg S Simpelaere, Jan Vanderwegen, Kristien Wouters, Marc De Bodt, Gwen Van Nuffelen
The Swallowing Quality-of-Life questionnaire (SWAL-QoL) is considered the gold standard for assessing health-related quality of life in people with dysphagia. However, many dysphagic patients struggle to complete this questionnaire because of additional functional sequelae such as language impairment and cognitive disorders. In this study, we sought to develop an adjusted Dutch version of the SWAL-QoL (aDSWALQoL) and to evaluate its psychometric properties and feasibility compared with the original questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101664/history-and-evolution-of-the-barium-swallow-for-evaluation-of-the-pharynx-and-esophagus
#2
REVIEW
Marc S Levine, Stephen E Rubesin
This article reviews the history of the barium swallow from its early role in radiology to its current status as an important diagnostic test in modern radiology practice. Though a variety of diagnostic procedures can be performed to evaluate patients with dysphagia or other pharyngeal or esophageal symptoms, the barium study has evolved into a readily available, non-invasive, and cost-effective technique that can facilitate the selection of additional diagnostic tests and guide decisions about medical, endoscopic, or surgical management...
January 18, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098054/long-term-esophageal-motility-changes-after-thyroidectomy-associations-with-aerodigestive-disorders
#3
G Scerrino, A Inviati, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, V Di Paola, C Raspanti, G I Melfa, F Cupido, S Mazzola, C Porrello, S Bonventre, G Gullotta
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy often complain aerodigestive disorders. In a previous study we showed the associations between voice impairment and proximal acid reflux, swallowing impairment and Upper Esophageal Sphyncter (UES) incoordination and the decrease in UES pressure in thirty-six patients observed before and soon afterwards uncomplicated thyroidectomy. This study investigated the state of post-thyroidectomy esophageal motility changes and its associations with these disorders after 18-24 months...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#4
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095938/effect-of-the-patient-to-patient-communication-model-on-dysphagia-caused-by-total-laryngectomy
#5
L Tian, R An, J Zhang, Y Sun, R Zhao, M Liu
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of a patient-to-patient communication model on dysphagia in laryngeal cancer patients after total laryngectomy. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who had undergone total laryngectomy were randomly divided into three groups: a routine communication group, a patient communication group (that received the patient-to-patient communication model) and a physician communication group. Questionnaires were used to compare quality of life and swallowing problems among all patient groups...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079235/quality-of-life-in-swallowing-of-the-elderly-patients-affected-by-stroke
#6
Émerson Soares Pontes, Ana Karênina de Freitas Jordão do Amaral, Flávia Luiza Costa do Rêgo, Elma Heitmann Mares Azevedo, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva
BACKGROUND: - The elderly population faces many difficulties as a result of the aging process. Conceptualize and evaluate their life quality is a challenge, being hard to characterize the impact on daily activities and on functional capacity. The stroke is one of the most disabling neurological diseases, becoming a public health problem. As an aggravating result, there is dysphagia, a disorder that compromises the progression of the food from the mouth to the stomach, causing clinical complications to the individual...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044204/25%C3%A2-years-of-dysphagia-rehabilitation-what-have-we-done-what-are-we-doing-and-where-are-we-going
#7
Caryn Easterling
As deglutologists, we strive to use the best evidence available in the treatment of swallowing disorders. Evidence-based medicine is a bottom-up approach that thoughtfully combines the best external evidence with individual clinical expertise and the patients' choice reflective of their clinical state and preferences for their specific care plan. Evidence-based medicine is not restricted to randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses; rather, evidence-based medicine includes our ability to discriminate the best external evidence with which to answer clinical questions and then skillfully and appropriately being able to apply this evidence in the care and treatment of our patients (Sackett et al...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044203/advances-with-neonatal-aerodigestive-science-in-the-pursuit-of-safe-swallowing-in-infants-invited-review
#8
Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Feeding, swallowing, and airway protection are three distinct entities. Feeding involves a process of sequential, neurosensory, and neuromotor interactions of reflexes and behaviors facilitating ingestion. Swallowing involves anterograde bolus movement during oral-, pharyngeal-, and esophageal phases of peristalsis into stomach. During these events, coordination with airway protection is vital for homeostasis in clearing any material away from airway vicinity. Neurological-airway-digestive inter-relationships are critical to the continuum of successful feeding patterns during infancy, either in health or disease...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040606/steinert-syndrome-and-repercussions-in-dental-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Helena Baptista, Inês Lopes Cardoso
Steinert syndrome, also called myotonic dystrophy type 1, is a genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission characterized by myotonia and a multisystemic clinical picture that affects several tissues of the human body. The most common systemic phenotypes are: muscular, cardiac, respiratory, CNS, ocular, gynecological, digestive, orthopedical, as well as cognitive and psychological symptoms (cognitive decline). Muscles involved in voluntary movement are highly affected by myotonia especially distal muscles of upper limbs...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029056/ultrasound-in-dysphagia-rehabilitation-a-novel-approach-following-partial-glossectomy
#10
Katrina M Blyth, Patricia McCabe, Catherine Madill, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: While the presence of dysphagia following partial glossectomy has been widely reported, there is insufficient quality evidence to guide clinical decision making about the treatment of this disorder. This study investigated a novel dysphagia rehabilitation approach using ultrasound tongue imaging for patient training. METHOD: Initially, a pilot study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of ultrasound visual feedback during swallow tasks. The protocol was then replicated using a single-case experimental designed study to investigate therapeutic effect...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018753/genetic-determinants-of-swallowing-impairment-recovery-and-responsiveness-to-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Alicja Raginis-Zborowska, Neil Pendleton, Shaheen Hamdy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Here we review the latest literature and evidence in the field of genetics and determinants of swallowing and its treatments-specifically, this is a very recent concept in the field of oropharyngeal dysphagia, with only now an emerging research interest in the relationship between our genetic makeup and the effect this has on swallowing function and dysfunction. As such our review will look at preclinical, clinical and hypothesis generating research covering all aspects of the genetics of swallowing, giving new importance to the genotype-phenotype influences pertaining to dysphagia and its recovery...
2016: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018097/contraindications-for-video-capsule-endoscopy
#12
REVIEW
Dirk Bandorski, Niehls Kurniawan, Peter Baltes, Reinhard Hoeltgen, Matthias Hecker, Dominik Stunder, Martin Keuchel
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has been applied in the last 15 years in an increasing field of applications. Although many contraindications have been put into perspective, some precautions still have to be considered. Known stenosis of the gastrointestinal tract is a clear contraindication for VCE unless surgery is already scheduled or at least has been considered as an optional treatment modality. In patients with a higher incidence of stenosis, as in an established diagnosis of Crohn's disease, clinical signs of obstruction, prior radiation or surgical small bowel resection, a preceding test with the self-dissolving patency capsule can override this contraindication...
December 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007508/functional-assessment-of-glottal-insufficiency-treated-by-hyaluronic-acid-injection-retrospective-20-case-series
#13
C Dorbeau, F Marmouset, E Lescanne, D Bakhos, S Morinière
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to describe hyaluronic acid injection to the vocal folds as treatment for glottal insufficiency, assess indications and report vocal results at 1 month and later than 6 months postoperatively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was performed for the period March 2012 to August 2015. Inclusion criteria comprised: unilateral recurrent nerve palsy or vocal fold closure defect with conserved mobility...
December 19, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001273/effect-of-speech-language-therapy-after-low-level-laser-therapy-in-patients-with-tmd-a-descriptive-study
#14
Melissa de Oliveira Melchior, Bárbara Cristina Zanandréa Machado, Lais Valencise Magri, Marcelo Oliveira Mazzetto
Increased pain and/or discomfort during chewing, speaking, and swallowing have been commonly reported by patients with Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD). Speech-language pathology therapy (orofacial myofunctional therapy - OMT) has been proposed as part of the treatment for this condition; however, it is a modality that should be introduced when the TMD context and the pain are not accentuated, so that they do not prevent or hinder the performance of exercises. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of OMT on the treatment of patients with TMD, according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), after analgesia with low-level laser therapy (LLLT), regarding orofacial myofunctional conditions (OMC) and the perception of TMD symptoms...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977424/a-new-case-series-of-crisponi-syndrome-in-a-turkish-family-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Bilge Bayraktar-Tanyeri, Mervenur Hepokur, Suleyman Bayraktar, Ivana Persico, Laura Crisponi
Crisponi syndrome/cold-induced sweating syndrome (CS/CISS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with a complex phenotype, reported in the neonatal period for CS and in the evolutive one for CISS. The syndrome usually manifests at birth. The aim of this study was to report on three new patients with CS and review the Turkish patients. We report here on three patients from two related families harboring a homozygous mutation in the cytokine receptor-like factor-1 (CRLF1) gene. DNA samples of the three patients and their parents were subjected to a mutational analysis of the CRLF1 gene at the Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Research - National Research Council, Cagliari (Italy)...
December 13, 2016: Clinical Dysmorphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966506/versatility-of-nasolabial-flaps-for-the-management-of-severe-trismus-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#16
S M Balaji
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic insidious disease affecting any part of the oral cavity and sometimes the pharynx. It is a collagen-related disorder predominantly associated with tobacco/areca nut chewing habit and characterized by progressive hyalinization of the submucosa. Prevalence of OSMF is 2.01%, and malignant transformation rate of 2.3%-7.6% has been reported in the literature. Measures such as forcing the mouth open and cutting the fibrotic bands have resulted in more fibrosis and disability...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940507/titanium-dioxide-in-toothpaste-causing-yellow-nail-syndrome
#17
Ting-Yuan Hsu, Chun-Chen Lin, Ming-Dar Lee, Brian Pin-Hsuan Chang, Jeng-Daw Tsai
Yellow nail syndrome (YNS) is an uncommon disorder, the classic triad of which consists of yellow nails, lymphedema, and respiratory symptoms. Few pediatric cases have been reported. We report a 9-year-old girl with yellowish nail discoloration for 1 year accompanied by respiratory symptoms, including chronic cough, recurrent pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and chronic sinusitis. The patient was diagnosed with YNS. Knowing that a relationship between YNS and titanium has been reported, we collected her nail clippings and detected titanium in them by energy dispersive radiograph fluorescence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936898/pharmacokinetics-of-a-novel-amphetamine-extended-release-orally-disintegrating-tablet-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Jeffrey G Stark, Dorothy Engelking, Russ McMahen, Carolyn Sikes
BACKGROUND: A novel formulation for treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has recently been developed-amphetamine extended-release orally disintegrating tablets (AMP XR-ODTs). In this study, we assessed the rate of absorption and exposure of AMP XR-ODT under fasted conditions in children with ADHD. METHODS: Children (6-12 years) with ADHD were enrolled in a single-dose, open-label, single-period pharmacokinetic (PK) study. Patients were stratified by age (6-7, 8-9, and 10-12 year olds) and were dosed with 18...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935170/ultrasound-of-oral-and-masticatory-muscles-why-every-neuromuscular-swallow-team-should-have-an-ultrasound-machine
#19
Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Marloes Lagarde, Nens van Alfen
Patients with neuromuscular disorders often present with swallowing difficulties due to oral phase problems and pharyngeal residue after swallow. It is important to assess the underlying pathology and cause of the swallowing disturbance in this patient group, such as dystrophic changes in oral and masticatory muscles. This allows for more patient-tailored recommendations, for example optimal compensation strategies to maintain function for longer. Ultrasound can show structural changes caused by dystrophy or denervation of muscles, detect involuntary movements such as fasciculations, and provide dynamic video images of tongue motion during swallowing attempts...
December 9, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930930/numerical-simulation-of-interaction-between-organs-and-food-bolus-during-swallowing-and-aspiration
#20
Takahiro Kikuchi, Yukihiro Michiwaki, Seiichi Koshizuka, Tetsu Kamiya, Yoshio Toyama
The mechanism of swallowing is still not fully understood, because the process of swallowing is a rapid and complex interaction among several involved organs and the food bolus. In this work, with the aim of studying swallowing and aspiration processes noninvasively and systematically, a computer simulation method for analyzing the involved organs and water (considered as the food bolus) is proposed. The shape and motion of the organs involved in swallowing are modeled in the same way as in our previous study, by using the Hamiltonian moving particle simulation (MPS) method and forced displacements on the basis of motion in a healthy volunteer...
November 30, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
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