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Vestibular migraine

Woo Seok Kang, Sang Hun Lee, Chan Joo Yang, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
Vestibular migraine (VM) is one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. We reviewed the results of multiple vestibular function tests in a cohort of VM patients who were diagnosed with VM according to the diagnostic criteria of the Barany Society and the International Headache Society and assessed the efficacy of each for predicting the prognosis in VM patients. A retrospective chart analysis was performed on 81 VM patients at a tertiary care center from June 2014 to July 2015. Patients were assessed by the video head impulse test (vHIT), caloric test, vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), and sensory organization test (SOT) at the initial visit and then evaluated for symptomatic improvement after 6 months...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
A Ernst, I Todt, J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Dehiscence syndromes of the semicircular canals are a relatively new group of neurotological disorders. They have a variety of symptoms with hearing/balance involvement. Younger patients have clinically relevant symptoms in only about one third of cases. In addition to etiology and pathogenesis, the present paper describes diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities using a patient series of the authors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nonrandomized prospective study included 52 patients with uni-/bilateral dehiscence syndromes of the superior and/or posterior canal (SCDS/PCDS), diagnosed with high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT) of the petrous bone...
October 14, 2016: HNO
Yaser Ghavami, Yarah M Haidar, Kasra N Ziai, Omid Moshtaghi, Jay Bhatt, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVE: Mal de debarquement syndrome (MdDS) is a balance disorder that typically starts after an extended exposure to passive motion, such as a boat or plane ride. Management is typically supportive (e.g. physical therapy), and symptoms that persist beyond 6 months have been described as unlikely to remit. This study was conducted to evaluate the response of patients with MdDS to management with migraine prophylaxis, including lifestyle changes and medical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective review...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
Mark J van Tilburg, Barbara S Herrmann, John J Guinan, Steven D Rauch
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) ability to track disease progression in Ménière's disease patients over time and identify the most sensitive outcome measurement. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Large specialty hospital, department of otolaryngology. SUBJECTS: Twenty nine Ménière's patients and seven migraine associated vertigo (MAV) patients. INTERVENTION: All patients underwent two cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential tests at 250, 500, 750, and 1000 Hz with a minimum test interval of 3 months...
September 23, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yuan F Liu, Helen Xu
Vestibular migraine (VM) has only recently been recognized as a distinct disease entity. One reason is that its symptoms overlap greatly with those of other vestibular disorders, especially Meniere disease (MD). The pathophysiology of neither VM nor MD is entirely elucidated. However, there are many theories linking migraine to both disorders. We reviewed the current understanding of migraine, VM, and MD and described how VM and MD are similar or different from each other in terms of pathophysiology and presentation, including hypotheses that the two share a common etiology and/or are variants of the same disease...
2016: Behavioural Neurology
T C Hain, M Cherchi
Mal de débarquement syndrome (MdDS) is typified by a prolonged rocking sensation - for a month or longer - that begins immediately following a lengthy exposure to motion. The provoking motion is usually a sea voyage. About 80% of MdDS sufferers are women, and most of them are middle-aged. MdDS patients are troubled by more migraine headaches than controls. Unlike dizziness caused by vestibular disorders or motion sickness, the symptoms of MdDS usually improve with re-exposure to motion. The long duration of symptoms - a month or more - distinguishes MdDS from land-sickness...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
K Jahn
Vertigo and dizziness of at least moderate severity occur in >5% of school-aged children and cause considerable restrictions in participation in school and leisure activity. More than 50% of dizzy children also have headache. Vestibular migraine and benign paroxysmal vertigo as a migraine precursor are the most common diagnoses in dizziness clinics for children and adolescents. They account for 30-60% of diagnoses. Other common causes are somatoform, orthostatic, or posttraumatic dizziness. All other disorders that are known to cause vertigo and dizziness in adults also occur in children, but incidence rates are usually lower...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
M von Brevern, T Lempert
During the last decades a new vestibular syndrome has emerged that is now termed vestibular migraine (VM). The main body of evidence for VM is provided by epidemiologic data demonstrating a strong association between migraine and vestibular symptoms. Today, VM is recognized as one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. The clinical presentation of VM is heterogeneous in terms of vestibular symptoms, duration of episodes, and association with migrainous accompaniments. Similar to migraine, there is no clinical or laboratory confirmation for VM and the diagnosis relies on the history and the exclusion of other disorders...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
A Bisdorff
History taking is an essential part in the diagnostic process of vestibular disorders. The approach to focus strongly on the quality of symptoms, like vertigo, dizziness, or unsteadiness, is not that useful as these symptoms often coexist and are all nonspecific, as each of them may arise from vestibular and nonvestibular diseases (like cardiovascular disease) and do not permit to distinguish potentially dangerous from benign causes. Instead, patients should be categorized if they have an acute, episodic, or chronic vestibular syndrome (AVS, EVS, or CVS) to narrow down the spectrum of differential diagnosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
H K Neuhauser
This chapter gives an overview of the epidemiology of dizziness, vertigo, and imbalance, and of specific vestibular disorders. In the last decade, population-based epidemiologic studies have complemented previous publications from specialized settings and provided evidence for the high burden of dizziness and vertigo in the community. Dizziness (including vertigo) affects about 15% to over 20% of adults yearly in large population-based studies. Vestibular vertigo accounts for about a quarter of dizziness complaints and has a 12-month prevalence of 5% and an annual incidence of 1...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Miriam S Welgampola, Gülden Akdal, G Michael Halmagyi
Vestibular disorders manifesting as vertigo, chronic dizziness and imbalance are common problems in neurological practice. Here, we review some recent interesting and important advances in diagnosis of vestibular disorders using the video head impulse test and in the management of benign positional vertigo and migrainous vertigo.
September 15, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Maria Petri, Magdalena Chirilă, Sorana D Bolboacă, Marcel Cosgarea
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is used to denote that portion of the quality of life that is influenced by the person's health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the HRQoL of individuals with vestibular disorders of peripheral origin by analyzing functional, emotional and physical disabilities before and after vestibular treatment. METHODS: A prospective, non randomized case-controlled study was conduced in the ENT Department, between January 2015 and December 2015...
August 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Aki Inoue, Naoya Egami, Chisato Fujimoto, Makoto Kinoshita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shinichi Iwasaki
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether both cervical and ocular vestibular myogenic potentials (cVEMPs and oVEMPs) to air-conducted sound (ACS) and bone-conducted vibration (BCV) can help to differentiate vestibular migraine (VM) and Menière's disease (MD). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTINGS: A tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with VM, 28 patients with definite unilateral MD, and 28 age-matched controls were included...
November 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Jessica To-Alemanji, Cynthia Ryan, Michael C Schubert
OBJECTIVE: Dizziness is a common yet difficult symptom to manage in patients seeking medical care. The purpose of this study was to describe the experiences of participants with dizziness engaging the medical community for help. PATIENTS: Five hundred twenty one participants were recruited from the Vestibular Disorder Association (VEDA) website using the association's list-serve, social media (Facebook), and fliers distributed through healthcare providers. INTERVENTION: NA...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Tomoko Okumura, Takao Imai, Kayoko Higashi-Shingai, Yumi Ohta, Tetsuo Morihana, Takashi Sato, Suzuyo Okazaki, Yoriko Iwamoto, Yukiko Hanada, Yoshiyuki Ozono, Ryusuke Imai, Kazuya Ohata, Hidenori Inohara
INTRODUCTION: A pathological nystagmus is an objective sign that a patient feels vertigo. However, there have been few opportunities to observe and record pathological nystagmus during a paroxysmal vertigo attack. Furthermore, it can be difficult to obtain cooperation in pediatric patients. We present two cases of paroxysmal vertigo in children in whom we successfully recorded and analyzed their pathological nystagmus during a vertigo attack. METHODS: Of a total sample of 4349 patients seen at our hospital for dizziness in the last decade, a retrospective analysis revealed that 68 were children (<15 years old; 1...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Joanne Wang, Richard F Lewis
Migraine is associated with enhanced motion sickness susceptibility and can cause episodic vertigo (vestibular migraine, VM), but the mechanisms relating migraine to these vestibular symptoms remain uncertain. We tested the hypothesis that the central integration of rotational cues (from the semicircular canals) and gravitational cues (from the otolith organs) is abnormal in migraine patients. A post-rotational tilt paradigm generated a conflict between the canal cues (which indicate the head is rotating) and the otolith cues (which indicate the head is tilted and stationary), and eye movements were measured to quantify two behaviors that are thought to minimize this conflict - suppression and reorientation of the central angular velocity signal, evidenced by attenuation ("dumping") of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and shifting of the VOR's rotational axis towards the earth-vertical...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Umur Yollu, Derya Ugurlu Uluduz, Mehmet Yilmaz, H Murat Yener, Ferit Akil, Burcu Kuzu, Eyyup Kara, Duygu Hayir, Didem Ceylan, Nazim Korkut
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study is to do a vestibular migraine scan in a population of patients with migraine diagnosis using the most recent standardized diagnosis criterion which is International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) 3 Beta and to identify the epidemiological data. The second part of the study involves performing several vestibulocochlear tests on patients who received vestibular migraine (VM) diagnosis to collect data that may be important for diagnostic purposes by comparing the patients with normal population when necessary...
July 6, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Jincheng Chen, Degui Gong, Shuhe Cai, Ziming Wu, Xingjian Lin, Xiaoyan Ma, Liqun Yu
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the characteristics of vestibular migraine (VM), in order to understand the auditory and vestibular function. METHOD: One hundred cases of confirmed or suspected VM patients were observed. Routine examination including pure tone test, vestibular dual temperature test and vestibular evoked myogenic potential(VEMP) and video head impulse test(v-HIT) Were conducted. RESULT: The incidence of male and female was about 1.00 : 2...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Patricia Alejandra Sommerfleck, María Emilia González Macchi, Romina Weinschelbaum, Maximiliano Damián De Bagge, Patricia Bernáldez, Sergio Carmona
UNLABELLED: Balance disorders are common in adult patients but less usual in the pediatric population. When this symptomatology appears in children it is a cause for concern, both for parents and health-care professionals. OBJECTIVES: To explain the balance disorders in children describing a case series and to discuss the main etiologies found according to age. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was conducted...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Nese Celebisoy, Hale Karapolat, Figen Gokcay, Cem Bilgen, Gulnur Ozgen, Tayfun Kirazli, Timur Kose
OBJECTIVE: To establish a questionnaire and check its validity and reliability for the diagnosis of vestibular migraine in patients reporting recurrent vestibular symptoms. BACKGROUND: Vestibular migraine is the most common cause for recurrent spontaneous vertigo. However, it is still underdiagnosed needing validated and reliable screening instruments such as ID Migraine, that can be used in primary care settings, dizziness, and migraine clinics. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Sixty consecutive patients referred to our dizziness clinic with recurring vestibular symptoms were given a questionnaire that they filled in, consisting of 8 short and simple questions...
July 2016: Neurologist
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