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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239409/iroa-international-register-of-open-abdomen-preliminary-results
#1
Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Rao Ivatury, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli, Paola Fugazzola, Davide Corbella, Francesco Salvetti, Ionut Negoi, Monica Zese, Savino Occhionorelli, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Sergei Shlyapnikov, Christian Galatioto, Massimo Chiarugi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Daniele Dondossola, Yovcho Yovtchev, Orestis Ioannidis, Giuseppe Novelli, Mirco Nacoti, Desmond Khor, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Torsten Kaussen, Asri Che Jusoh, Wagih Ghannam, Boris Sakakushev, Ohad Guetta, Agron Dogjani, Stefano Costa, Sandeep Singh, Dimitrios Damaskos, Arda Isik, Kuo-Ching Yuan, Francesco Trotta, Stefano Rausei, Aleix Martinez-Perez, Giovanni Bellanova, Vinicius Cordeiro Fonseca, Fernando Hernández, Athanasios Marinis, Wellington Fernandes, Martha Quiodettis, Miklosh Bala, Andras Vereczkei, Rafael L Curado, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M Pereira, Mahir Gachabayov, Guillermo Perez Chagerben, Miguel Leon Arellano, Sefa Ozyazici, Gianluca Costa, Tugan Tezcaner, Luca Ansaloni
BACKGROUND: No definitive data about open abdomen (OA) epidemiology and outcomes exist. The World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and the Panamerican Trauma Society (PTS) promoted the International Register of Open Abdomen (IROA). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study including patients with an OA treatment. Data were recorded on a web platform (Clinical Registers®) through a dedicated website: www.clinicalregisters.org. RESULTS: Four hundred two patients enrolled...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238501/is-tachycardia-at-discharge-from-the-pediatric-emergency-department-a-cause-for-concern-a%C3%A2-nonconcurrent-cohort-study
#2
Paria M Wilson, Todd A Florin, Guixia Huang, Matthew Fenchel, Matthew R Mittiga
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the association between discharge tachycardia and (1) emergency department (ED) and urgent care revisit and (2) receipt of clinically important intervention at the revisit. METHODS: The study included a nonconcurrent cohort of children aged 0 to younger than 19 years, discharged from 2 pediatric EDs and 4 pediatric urgent care centers in 2013. The primary exposure was discharge tachycardia (last recorded pulse rate ≥99th percentile for age)...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238498/legal-social-ethical-and-medical-perspectives-on-the-care-of-the-statutory-rape-adolescent-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Shiu-Lin Tsai, Elvira Acosta, Toni Cardenas, Jeremy K Sigall, Kevin Van Geem
Rapes involving adolescents who present to the emergency department (ED) are fraught with ethical and legal complexities and are often emotionally turbulent for patients, their families, and medical providers. Management requires a thoughtful approach from multiple standpoints, including legal, psychosocial, ethical, and medical ones. However, there is no standardized sexual assault education for emergency medicine residents, and management practices vary widely.(1,2) We present a hypothetical statutory rape case based on real cases that occurred in New York City and bring together the perspectives of an attorney on the legal parameters, two social workers on the psychosocial issues, an ethicist on the moral considerations, and a pediatric emergency physician-who is also a sexual assault forensic examiner-on the medical treatments...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238158/acute-kidney-injury-during-a-pediatric-sickle-cell-vaso-occlusive-pain-crisis
#4
Sujatha Baddam, Inmaculada Aban, Lee Hilliard, Thomas Howard, David Askenazi, Jeffrey D Lebensburger
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop sickle cell disease (SCD) nephropathy are at a high risk for mortality. The pathophysiology of vaso-occlusive pain crisis may contribute to acute kidney injury (AKI). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, known inducers of AKI, are used to treat pain crises. Multiple gaps exist in the knowledge about the impact of AKI in SCD. METHODS: We conducted a 2-year retrospective review of AKI events in patients admitted for vaso-occlusive crisis...
February 25, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237379/readmission-after-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Thomas M Attard, Mikaela Miller, Chaitanya Pant, Mike Thomson
INTRODUCTION: To compare the demographic, clinical, and therapeutic characteristics in a cohort of patients discharged following acute gastrointestinal bleeding, representing to the emergency department (ED) and readmitted within 30 days of discharge with the characteristics of non-readmitted patients. STUDY DESIGN: Hospitalization data was obtained from the Pediatric Hospital Information System including 49 tertiary children's hospitals in the US. Children 1-21 years of age diagnosed with acute gastrointestinal bleeding, admitted between January 2007 and September 2015 were included...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236729/parental-stress-pediatric-quality-of-life-and-behavior-at-baseline-and-one-year-follow-up-results-from-the-febstat-study
#6
Ruth C Shinnar, Shlomo Shinnar, Dale C Hesdorffer, Kathryn O'Hara, Terrie Conklin, Karen Mohler Cornett, Diana Miazga, Shumei Sun
: Febrile status epilepticus is a serious and frightening event in the life of the child and parent. It is regarded as a medical emergency with potential long lasting consequences. The purpose of this study was to look at the immediate and long term effects of such an event on parental stress and parents' perception of their child's physical and psychosocial wellbeing. METHODS: From 2003 to 2010, 199 subjects, age 1 month to 5 years, were recruited as part of a prospective, multicenter study (FEBSTAT) of consequences of febrile status epilepticus (FSE)...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235958/prehospital-emergency-care-in-childhood-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#7
Belinda Stojanovski, Paul T Monagle, Ian Mosley, Leonid Churilov, Fiona Newall, Grant Hocking, Mark T Mackay
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Immediately calling an ambulance is the key factor in reducing time to hospital presentation for adult stroke. Little is known about prehospital care in childhood arterial ischemic stroke (AIS). We aimed to determine emergency medical services call-taker and paramedic diagnostic sensitivity and to describe timelines of care in childhood AIS. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of ambulance-transported children aged <18 years with first radiologically confirmed AIS, from 2008 to 2015...
February 24, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234891/detection-and-assessment-of-brain-injury-in-the-growth-restricted-fetus-and-neonate
#8
REVIEW
Atul Malhotra, Michael Ditchfield, Michael C Fahey, Margie Castillo-Melendez, Beth J Allison, Graeme R Polglase, Euan M Wallace, Ryan Hodges, Graham Jenkin, Suzanne L Miller
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a common complication of pregnancy and, in severe cases, is associated with elevated rates of perinatal mortality, neonatal morbidity, and poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. The leading cause of FGR is placental insufficiency, with the placenta failing to adequately meet the increasing oxygen and nutritional needs of the growing fetus with advancing gestation. The resultant chronic fetal hypoxia induces a decrease in fetal growth, and a redistribution of blood flow preferentially to the brain...
February 24, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234603/the-impact-of-transport-of-critically-ill-pediatric-patients-on-rural-emergency-departments-in-manitoba
#9
Gregory Hansen, Darcy L Beer, Jeff K Vallance
INTRODUCTION: Although the interfacility transport (IFT) of critically ill pediatric patients from rural to tertiary health centres may improve outcomes, the impact of IFTs on the rural referring centre is not known. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the IFT of critically ill children affects staffing and functionality of rural emergency departments (EDs) in Manitoba. METHODS: In 2015, surveys were emailed to the medical directors of all 15 regional EDs within 2 hours' travel time from a tertiary pediatric hospital...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234078/barriers-to-the-treatment-of-childhood-tuberculous-infection-and-tuberculosis-disease-a-qualitative-study
#10
S S Chiang, S Roche, C Contreras, H Del Castillo, P Canales, J Jimenez, K Tintaya, M C Becerra, L Lecca
SETTING: In 2012, Peru's National TB Program (NTP) reported approximately 2400 incident cases of tuberculosis (TB) disease in children aged <15 years. Peru's TB burden is concentrated in the Lima metropolitan area, particularly in poor districts such as El Agustino and La Victoria, where this study was conducted. OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to the treatment of childhood tuberculous infection and TB disease in Lima from the perspective of front-line providers and patients' families...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233682/unscheduled-return-visits-to-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#11
Sigita Burokienė, Ignė Kairienė, Marius Strička, Liutauras Labanauskas, Rimantė Čerkauskienė, Juozas Raistenskis, Emilija Burokaitė, Vytautas Usonis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Return visits (RVs) to a pediatric emergency department (ED) within a short period after discharge have an influence on overcrowding of the ED and reveal some weaknesses of the health care system. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of RVs and factors related to RVs to the pediatric ED in Lithuania. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study in an urban, tertiary-level teaching hospital was carried out. Electronic medical records of all patients (n=44097) visiting the ED of this hospital between 1 January and 31 December 2013 were analyzed...
January 31, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233546/quality-improvement-in-concussion-care-influence-of-guideline-based-education
#12
Andrew Reisner, Thomas G Burns, Larry B Hall, Shabnam Jain, Brad C Weselman, Ton J De Grauw, Kim E Ono, Laura S Blackwell, Joshua J Chern
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential impact of a concussion management education program on community-practicing pediatricians. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively surveyed 210 pediatricians before and 18 months after participation in an evidence-based, concussion education program. Pediatricians were part of a network of 38 clinically integrated practices in metro-Atlanta. Participation was mandatory for at least 1 pediatrician in each practice. We assessed pediatricians' self-reported concussion knowledge, use of guidelines, and comfort level, as well as self-reported referral patterns for computed tomography (CT) and/or emergency department (ED) evaluation of children who sustained concussion...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233470/pediatric-nonrhabdomyosarcoma-soft-tissue-sarcomas-arising-at-visceral-sites
#13
Andrea Ferrari, Chiara Magni, Luca Bergamaschi, Giovanni Cecchetto, Rita Alaggio, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Patrizia Bertolini, Eleonora Basso, Carla Manzitti, Martina Di Martino, Nauga Giurici, Fraia Melchionda, Valerio Cecinati, Stefano Chiaravalli, Maria Carmen Affinita, Angela Scagnellato, Michela Casanova, Gianni Bisogno
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nonrhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcomas (NRSTS) may rarely occur in visceral tissues, and little is known about their clinical history. The present study retrospectively analyzed a group of patients prospectively registered in Italian pediatric protocols conducted between 1979 and 2004. METHODS: Inclusion criteria for the study were as follows: a pathological diagnosis of "adult-type NRSTS," arising at visceral sites (lung-pleurae, liver, kidney, and mesentery-bowel); age under 18 years; no previous treatment except for primary surgery; available clinical data; and written consent...
February 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232377/using-quality-improvement-to-introduce-and-standardize-the-national-early-warning-score-news-for-adult-inpatients-at-a-children-s-hospital
#14
Erin E Conway-Habes, Brian F Herbst, Lori A Herbst, Benjamin Kinnear, Kristen Timmons, Deborah Horewitz, Rachel Falgout, Jennifer K O'Toole, Michael Vossmeyer
INTRODUCTION: The population of adults with childhood-onset chronic illness is growing across children's hospitals and constitutes a high risk population. National Early Warning Score (NEWS) is among the most recently validated adult early warning scores (EWSs) for early recognition of and response to clinical deterioration. Our aim was to implement and standardize NEWS scoring in 80% of patients age 21 and older admitted to a children's hospital. METHODS: Our intervention was tested on a single unit of our children's hospital...
February 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232059/liver-transplantation-for-malignant-primary-pediatric-hepatic-tumors
#15
Adeel S Khan, Brittany Brecklin, Neeta Vachharajani, Vijay Subramanian, Michelle Nadler, Janice Stoll, Yumirle Turmelle, Jeffery A Lowell, William C Chapman, Mb Majella Doyle
BACKGROUND: Malignant primary pediatric hepatic tumors (MPPHTs) are rare and account for approximately 1% of all childhood malignancies. In recent years, liver transplantation has emerged as a viable treatment options for select patients with MPPHTs. STUDY DESIGN: Single center retrospective study using a prospective database to compare outcomes of pediatric liver transplant recipients with and without cancer between January 2000 and December 2014. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty three children underwent 173 liver transplants during the study period...
February 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230713/the-impact-of-ethnic-and-cultural-differences-on-parental-satisfaction-in-the-picu
#16
Qian Wen Sng, Angela H P Kirk, Siti Nur Hanim Buang, Jan Hau Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study examined satisfaction of parents whose children were admitted to the PICU to identify priority areas for improvement. We hypothesized that differences exist in satisfaction of parents of different ethnicities. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All English-literate parents whose child was admitted to our PICU between February 2014 and February 2015 were eligible after informed consent was obtained...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229065/foreign-body-aspiration-in-adults-two-unusual-foreign-bodies-knife-and-tube-tracheostomy
#17
Seyed Mozafar Hashemi, Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Shahab Shahabi, Hamid Talebzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Rezaei
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body aspiration is usually a serious condition that is most common among the pediatric population, and rare in adults. In adults, aspiration may be tolerated for a long time. CASE REPORTS: Our first case is a 38-year-old man who presented with a 2-day history of swallowing a foreign body. He was completely asymptomatic. Chest X-ray revealed the presence of 5-cm foreign object in the right main bronchus. Rigid bronchoscopy was performed and a knife was removed from the right main bronchus...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228882/renal-lymphangiomatosis-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-for-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Amna A Kashgari, Nabil Ozair, Amin Al Zahrani, Mohammed O Al Otibi, Khalid Al Fakeeh
Renal lymphangiomatosis is a rare, benign malformation, characterized by developmental malformation of the perirenal, peripelvic, and intrarenal lymphatics. Radiologist knowledge of the unique radiological features of this entity helps patient's safety in terms of management. We study the case of a 27-month-old boy presented to the emergency department with upper respiratory tract infection. He had a high blood pressure and had been diagnosed earlier with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease based on renal ultrasound findings...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228344/emergency-department-return-visits-within-a-large-geographic-area
#19
Mimi Truong, Garth Meckler, Quynh H Doan
BACKGROUND: Return visits to the emergency department (RTED) contribute to overcrowding and may be a quality of care indicator. Previous studies focused on factors predicting returns to and from the same center. Little is known about RTEDs across a range of community and specialty hospitals within a large geographic area. OBJECTIVE: We sought to measure the frequency of pediatric RTEDs and describe their directional pattern across centers in a large catchment area...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228009/emergency-ultrasonography-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-children
#20
Jae-Yeon Hwang
Ultrasonography (US) is widely used to evaluate most body parts in pediatric patients because it is simple, noninvasive, easy to use, and applicable in a wide variety of clinical situations. US is the modality of choice for the initial evaluation of acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients because of their small body habitus and the presence of less fat tissue in the abdominal wall and peritoneal cavity. The most important factor in performing pediatric emergency US is the graded compression technique and selection of the proper transducer...
January 25, 2017: Ultrasonography
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