keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kathmandu

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224853/don-t-take-the-nhs-for-granted
#1
Christopher Maguire
In my final year of training I undertook an elective placement in Nepal, where I spent three weeks in an emergency department in Kathmandu.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189072/modeling-the-intraurban-variation-in-nitrogen-dioxide-in-urban-areas-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#2
Anobha Gurung, Jonathan I Levy, Michelle L Bell
BACKGROUND: With growing urbanization, traffic has become one of the main sources of air pollution in Nepal. Understanding the impact of air pollution on health requires estimation of exposure. Land use regression (LUR) modeling is widely used to investigate intraurban variation in air pollution for Western cities, but LUR models are relatively scarce in developing countries. In this study, we developed LUR models to characterize intraurban variation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in urban areas of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, one of the fastest urbanizing areas in South Asia...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185207/quantification-and-genotyping-of-aichi-virus-1-in-water-samples-in-the-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#3
Eiji Haramoto, Masaaki Kitajima
Aichi virus 1 genomes were detected by quantitative PCR in groundwater from shallow dug (10/22) and tube wells (1/15), river water (14/14), and sewage (1/1), with the maximum concentration of 4.0 × 10(9) copies/l. Nucleotide sequencing analysis demonstrated the prevalence of genotype B in the virus positive samples.
February 9, 2017: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166074/airborne-particulate-matter-and-health-condition-in-brick-kiln-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#4
S Sanjel, S N Khanal, S M Thygerson, K Khanal, Z Pun, S Tamang, S K Joshi
Background Air quality monitoring in brick kilns indicates very high concentrations of airborne particulate matter. Air pollution from brick kilns poses an enhanced threat to the environment and to human health. Objective To evaluate airborne particulate matter concentration and health status of brick kiln workers. Method A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in the Kathmandu valley targeting all brick industries and their workers during January - March 2015 and March - April 2016. A total of 16 brick kilns and 800 participants (400 brick workers as exposed and 400 grocery workers as referent) were selected for study...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166070/prevalence-of-respiratory-diseases-according-to-spirometry-findings-among-patients-attending-the-spirometry-department-of-dhulikhel-hospital
#5
B K Prajapati, S Pradhan
Background Spirometry is a standard test for screening and evaluation of patients with symptoms of cough and shortness of breath. Despite its easy availability, low cost and ease of performance it has not been widely used in clinical practice in Nepal. Objective To assess the prevalence of respiratory diseases in a regional referral centre in patients referred for spirometry. Method This is a descriptive cross-sectional study including patients referred for spirometry to the spirometry unit of Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital from 2014 July to 2015 October...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166069/the-prevalence-of-diabetic-retinopathy-among-known-diabetic-population-in-nepal
#6
S K Mishra, B P Pant, P Subedi
Background The worldwide prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) was found to be 34.6%. WHO estimates that DR is responsible for 4.8% of the 37 million cases of blindness throughout the world. In a study undertaken in urban population in Nepal, M.D. Bhattarai found the prevalence of diabetes among people aged 20 years and above to be 14.6% and the prevalence among people aged 40 years and above to be 19%. Studies on DR, to our knowledge, have mostly been hospital based in Nepal. Little information is available about prevalence of DR at the community level in Nepal...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166065/estimation-of-causes-of-death-in-suburban-nepal-using-verbal-autopsy
#7
N Ide, A L Fitzpatrick, A D Flaxman, R Koju, D Tamrakar, B Hernandez
Background Nepal is in the midst of a disease transition, including a rapid increase of noncommunicable diseases. In order for health policy makers and planners to make informed programmatic and funding decisions, they need up to date and accurate data regarding cause of death throughout the country. Methods of improving cause of death reporting in Nepal are urgently required. Objective We sought to validate SmartVA-Analyze, an application which computer certifies verbal autopsies, to evaluate it as a method for collecting mortality data in Nepal...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166064/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-surgical-site-infections-in-kathmandu-university-hospital-kavre-nepal
#8
S Shrestha, P Wenju, R Shrestha, R M Karmacharya
Background Surgical site infections (SSI) are the common nosocomial infection in surgical patients, and are a significant source of postoperative morbidity resulting in increased hospital stay, morbidity and cost. Objective The objective of this study was to obtain the incidence of SSI and determine various risks factors influencing the SSI rate with special reference to the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System risk index in Kathmandu University Hospital, Kavre, Nepal. Method Six hundred and thirty eight patients who underwent various surgeries in Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital during a three-month period were included...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159124/knowledge-experience-and-utilisation-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-amongst-nepalese-youth-living-in-the-kathmandu-valley
#9
Laxmi Tamang, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Kevin McGeechan, Kirsten I Black
OBJECTIVE: Youth have the right to utilise sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and information to protect themselves from negative SRH outcomes. This study aimed to assess knowledge, experience and use of SRH services amongst youth living in urban areas of the Kathmandu Valley. METHODS: We conducted a two stage cluster sampling cross-sectional household survey of young men and women aged 15-24 living in the Kathmandu Valley using a structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154581/detection-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-determination-of-minimum-inhibitory-concentration-of-vancomycin-for-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-pus-wound-swab-samples-of-the-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kathmandu-nepal
#10
Raghabendra Adhikari, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Mukesh Neupane, Roshan Bhattarai, Sabita Bhatta, Raina Chaudhary, Binod Lekhak
The present study was conducted to evaluate the performance of cefoxitin disc diffusion method and oxacillin broth microdilution method for detection of methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), taking presence of mecA gene as reference. In addition, inducible clindamycin resistance and beta-lactamase production were studied and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin for S. aureus isolates was determined. A total of 711 nonrepeated pus/wound swab samples from different anatomic locations were included in the study...
2017: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134796/earthquake-damage-visualization-edv-technique-for-the-rapid-detection-of-earthquake-induced-damages-using-sar-data
#11
Ram C Sharma, Ryutaro Tateishi, Keitarou Hara, Hoan Thanh Nguyen, Saeid Gharechelou, Luong Viet Nguyen
The damage of buildings and manmade structures, where most of human activities occur, is the major cause of casualties of from earthquakes. In this paper, an improved technique, Earthquake Damage Visualization (EDV) is presented for the rapid detection of earthquake damage using the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data. The EDV is based on the pre-seismic and co-seismic coherence change method. The normalized difference between the pre-seismic and co-seismic coherences, and vice versa, are used to calculate the forward (from pre-seismic to co-seismic) and backward (from co-seismic to pre-seismic) change parameters, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126908/sublingual-microcirculatory-blood-flow-and-vessel-density-in-sherpas-at-high-altitude
#12
Edward T Gilbert-Kawai, Jonny Coppel, Jo Court, Jildou Van Der Kaaij, Andre Vercueil, Martin Feelisch, Denny Levett, Monty Mythen, Michael P Grocott, Daniel Stuart Martin
Anecdotal reports suggest that Sherpa highlanders demonstrate extraordinary tolerance to hypoxia at high altitude despite exhibiting a lower arterial oxygen content than acclimatised Lowlanders. This study tested the hypothesis that Sherpas exposed to hypobaric hypoxia on ascent to 5300m, develop increased microcirculatory blood flow as a means of maintaining normal tissue oxygen delivery. Images of the sublingual microcirculation were obtained from 64 Sherpas and 69 Lowlanders using incident dark field imaging...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114607/effects-of-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-vs-early-clamping-on-anemia-in-infants-at-8-and-12-months-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Ashish Kc, Nisha Rana, Mats Målqvist, Linda Jarawka Ranneberg, Kalpana Subedi, Ola Andersson
Importance: Delayed umbilical cord clamping has been shown to improve iron stores in infants to 6 months of age. However, delayed cord clamping has not been shown to prevent iron deficiency or anemia after 6 months of age. Objective: To investigate the effects of delayed umbilical cord clamping, compared with early clamping, on hemoglobin and ferritin levels at 8 and 12 months of age in infants at high risk for iron deficiency anemia. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial included 540 late preterm and term infants born vaginally at a tertiary hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal, from October 2 to November 21, 2014...
January 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081227/diagnostic-accuracy-of-genexpert-mtb-rif-assay-in-comparison-to-conventional-drug-susceptibility-testing-method-for-the-diagnosis-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#14
Pratikshya Pandey, Narayan Dutt Pant, Komal Raj Rijal, Bhawana Shrestha, Sirita Kattel, Megha Raj Banjara, Bhagwan Maharjan, Rajendra Kc
Xpert MTB/RIF assay is regarded as a great achievement of modern medicine for the rapid diagnosis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The main purpose of this study was to determine the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay compared to conventional drug susceptibility testing (DST) method for the diagnosis of MDR-TB. A comparative cross sectional study was carried out at German-Nepal Tuberculosis Project, Kathmandu, Nepal, from April 2014 to September 2014. A total of 88 culture positive clinical samples (83 pulmonary and 5 extra-pulmonary) received during the study period were analyzed for detection of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis by both GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay and conventional DST method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#15
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029673/histopathologic-analysis-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy-specimen
#16
R Dhakhwa, N Kafle
INTRODUCTION: Whipple's Pancreaticoduodenectomy has increasingly been used as an appropriate resectional procedure for tumors of the periampullary region which are pancreatic, periampullary, ampullary and biliary tumors. Our aim was to study the distribution and histopathologic features of these tumors and to examine local trends of periampullary neoplasms resected with a PD. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted in the department of Pathology, Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital from July 2013 to June 2016...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018898/economic-costs-associated-with-motorbike-accidents-in-kathmandu-nepal
#17
Diksha Sapkota, Bihungum Bista, Shiva Raj Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents, considered as global tragedies, are in increasing trend; however, the safety situation is very severe in developing countries incurring substantial amount of human, economic, and social costs. Motorcycle crashes, the commonest form, occur mostly in economically active population. However, there is limited number of studies on economic burden of motorcycle crashes. This study aims to estimate the total cost and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to motorbike accidents among victims of Kathmandu Valley...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000586/evaluation-of-omnigene%C3%A2-%C3%A2-sputum-stabilised-sputum-for-long-term-transport-and-xpert%C3%A2-mtb-rif-testing-in-nepal
#18
B Maharjan, C D Kelly-Cirino, A Weirich, P S Curry, H Hoffman, K Avsar, B Shrestha
SETTING: German Nepal TB Project, National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Kathmandu, Nepal. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether transporting samples in OMNIgene®•SPUTUM (OM-S) reagent from a peripheral collection site to a central laboratory in Nepal can improve tuberculosis (TB) detection and increase the sensitivity of Xpert® MTB/RIF testing. DESIGN: One hundred sputum samples were split manually. Each portion was assigned to the OM-S group (OM-S added at collection, airline-couriered without cold chain, no other processing required) or the standard-of-care (SOC) group (samples airline-couriered on ice, sodium hydroxide + N-acetyl-L-cysteine processing required at the laboratory)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935917/safety-and-efficacy-of-azathioprine-as-a-second-line-therapy-for-primary-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#19
B S Poudyal, B Sapkota, G S Shrestha, S Thapalia, B Gyawali, S Tuladhar
INTRODUCTION: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura remains common blood disease in Nepal. Azathioprine is an oral immunosupressive medicine which has been used widely in various autoimmune disease and solid organ transplant patients. It is inexpensive, easily available and well tolerated medicine. This study was carried out to evaluate efficacy and safety of azathioprine as a second line medicine for primary ITP patients who were refractory to steroid therapy. METHODS: The observational, pre-post study was conducted at Government of Nepal Civil Service Hospital, Kathmandu from January to October 2014...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935914/road-traffic-accident-and-its-characteristics-in-kathmandu-valley
#20
L Huang, K P Adhikary, B P Choulagai, N Wang, A K Poudyal, S R Onta
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic accident is alarming in Nepal. The objective of this research is to find out the characteristics of RTA in central part of Nepal. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was taken from 1 August 2014 to 31 July 2015. Data were collected from postmortem department and nine hospitals in Kathmandu Valley. Inventory sheets with targeted variables for secondary sources were created. RESULTS: A total of 3461 morbidity cases from hospitals and 265 mortality cases from postmortem department were included in this study...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
keyword
keyword
25272
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"