keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Kathmandu

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913014/characterizations-of-atmospheric-particulate-bound-mercury-in-the-kathmandu-valley-of-nepal-south-asia
#1
Junming Guo, Shichang Kang, Jie Huang, Qianggong Zhang, Maheswar Rupakheti, Shiwei Sun, Lekhendra Tripathee, Dipesh Rupakheti, Arnico K Panday, Mika Sillanpää, Rukumesh Paudyal
The Kathmandu Valley, located in the Himalayan foothills in Nepal, is heavily polluted. In order to investigate ambient particulate-bound mercury (Hg) in the Kathmandu Valley, a total 64 total suspended particulates (TSP) samples were collected from a sub-urban site in the Kathmandu Valley, the capital region of Nepal during a sampling period of an entire year (April 2013-April 2014). They were analyzed for ambient particulate-bound Hg (PBM) using thermal desorption combined with cold vapor atomic spectroscopy...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892450/orthognathic-surgery-for-the-correction-of-severe-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion
#2
D Kafle, C Upadhayaya, N Chaurasia, A Agarwal
Skeletal Malocclusions results from the abnormal position of maxilla and mandible in relation with cranial base. These types of malocclusion are commonly treated by orthodontic teeth movement known as camouflage orthodontics. However severe skeletal malocclusions cannot be treated by orthodontics alone. Such cases need surgical intervention to align the position of the jaw along with orthodontic correction. This procedure is commonly known as Orthognathic Surgery. Orthognathic Surgery dates back to early eighteenth century but became popular on mid twentieth century...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892444/mortality-patterns-among-hospital-deaths
#3
R K Karki
Background Death occurring in hospital is medically certified by attending physicians with cause of death. In developing countries such as Nepal, limited resources are available related to the pattern of deaths that occur in hospitals, so that the health priorities can be selected wisely. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the pattern, frequency and causes of inpatient mortality in hospital. Method This was a retrospective study of all deaths occurred at the Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Dhulikhel from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2013...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892436/study-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-the-medical-students-in-two-medical-colleges-of-nepal
#4
D Kunwar, A Risal, S Koirala
Background Medical education is intended to prepare graduates for a promoting health and caring for the sick. Medical students are confronted with significant academic, psychological and existential stressors. There is insufficient information regarding psychological morbidity among Nepalese medical students. Objective To determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress, among the medical students in Nepal, and its association with sociodemographic characteristics. Method A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted including all students from first to fifth year of student using convenience method of sampling from Kathmandu University Medical School (KUSMS), Dhulikhel and Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892434/clinicomorphological-spectrum-of-ovarian-cystic-lesions
#5
R Dhakal, R Makaju, R Bastakoti
Background Ovarian cysts, which present as neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions, are the most common gynaecological cause of hospital admissions. Early diagnosis is difficult due to asymptomatic nature. Clinical, radiological and gross examination alone cannot distinguish benign from malignant lesions, hence, histopathological examination is important for diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic approach. Objective The objective of the study is to analyze the spectrum of ovarian cystic lesions with their clinico-morphorgical features...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887586/hepatitis-e-virus-seroepidemiology-a-post-earthquake-study-among-blood-donors-in-nepal
#6
Ashish C Shrestha, Robert L P Flower, Clive R Seed, Manita Rajkarnikar, Shrawan K Shrestha, Uru Thapa, Veronica C Hoad, Helen M Faddy
BACKGROUND: As one of the causative agents of viral hepatitis, hepatitis E virus (HEV) has gained public health attention globally. HEV epidemics occur in developing countries, associated with faecal contamination of water and poor sanitation. In industrialised nations, HEV infections are associated with travel to countries endemic for HEV, however, autochthonous infections, mainly through zoonotic transmission, are increasingly being reported. HEV can also be transmitted by blood transfusion...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885293/prevalence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-urinary-tract-infected-patients
#7
P Chaudhary, D Bhandari, K Thapa, P Thapa, D Shrestha, H K Chaudhary, A Shrestha, H Parajuli, B P Gupta
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae, one of the bacterial agents associated with urinary tract infection has been often implicated as a major extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producer in last few decades. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in urinary isolates at a tertiary care hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal, from July to December 2014. METHODS: One thousand nine hundred eighty six mid-stream urine specimens were collected aseptically from the clinically suspected patients of urinary tract infections attending Capital Hospital and Research Center, Kathmandu...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885287/comparative-study-of-prevalence-of-cataract-at-high-altitude-and-kathmandu-valley
#8
S Shrestha, S M Shrestha, A Gurung
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of avoidable blindness in the world. Many etiological and risk factors for age related cataract has been documented. The present study is conducted to compare the prevalence of cataract at high altitude and Kathmandu valley.Many etiological and risk factors for age related cataract has been documented. METHODS: A cross sectional comparative study was conducted at Jomsom, Kagbeni, Jharkot and Muktinath of Mustang district and Balaju and Jawalakhel of Kathmandu valley of Nepal in 2009 to 2011 ...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871256/domestic-violence-among-antenatal-attendees-in-a-kathmandu-hospital-and-its-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Monika Shrestha, Sumina Shrestha, Binjwala Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health problem which violates human rights and causes an adverse effect on both maternal and fetal health. The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of domestic violence among the pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic, to explore the associated factors, and to identify the perpetrators of domestic violence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 404 pregnant women in their third trimester of pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866855/possible-emissions-of-pops-in-plain-and-hilly-areas-of-nepal-implications-for-source-apportionment-and-health-risk-assessment
#10
Ishwar Chandra Yadav, Ningombam Linthoingambi Devi, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Knut Breivik
Ambient air is a core media chosen for monitoring under the Stockholm Convention on POPs. While extensive monitoring of POPs in ambient air has been carried out in some parts of the globe, there are still regions with very limited information available, such as some developing countries as Nepal. This study therefore aims to target the occurrence of selected POPs in Nepal in suspected source areas/more densely populated regions. Four potential source regions in Nepal were furthermore targeted as it was hypothesized that urban areas at lower altitudes (Birgunj and Biratnagar located at approximately 86 and 80 m...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812451/prevalence-of-enteropathogens-in-children-under-15%C3%A2-years-of-age-with-special-reference-to-parasites-in-kathmandu-nepal-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Sachita Dhital, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Saroj Khatiwada, Bijay Gaire, Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand, Padma Shrestha
In developing countries like Nepal, gastrointestinal infections due to various parasites are common causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Present study was carried out from June 2013 to December 2013, among the children (<15 years of age) of Kathmandu Valley. Stool samples were collected from total 600 children (350 from four public schools and slum areas of Kathmandu valley and 250 from pediatric department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital). The main objectives of this study were to investigate the intestinal parasitic infections in children below 15 years of age and their risk factors...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809767/emerging-helicobacter-pylori-levofloxacin-resistance-and-novel-genetic-mutation-in-nepal
#12
Muhammad Miftahussurur, Pradeep Krishna Shrestha, Phawinee Subsomwong, Rabi Prakash Sharma, Yoshio Yamaoka
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori antibiotic susceptibility in the Nepalese strains is untracked. We determined the antibiotic susceptibility for H. pylori and analyzed the presence of genetic mutations associated with antibiotic resistance in Nepalese strains. RESULTS: This study included 146 consecutive patients who underwent gastroduodenal endoscopy in Kathmandu, Nepal. Among 42 isolated H. pylori, there was no resistance to amoxicillin and tetracycline...
November 4, 2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799419/hiv-decline-associated-with-changes-in-risk-behaviours-among-young-key-populations-in-nepal-analysis-of-population-based-hiv-prevalence-surveys-between-2001-and-2012
#13
Keshab Deuba, Anna Mia Ekström, Göran Tomson, Rachana Shrestha, Gaetano Marrone
We assessed changes in HIV prevalence and risk behaviours among young key populations in Nepal. A total of 7505 participants (aged 16-24 years) from key populations who were at increased risk of HIV infection (2767 people who inject drugs (PWID); 852 men who have sex with men/transgender (MSM/TG); 2851 female sex workers (FSW) and 1035 male labour migrants) were recruited randomly over a 12-year period, 2001-2012. Local epidemic zones of Nepal (Kathmandu valley, Pokhara valley, Terai Highway and West to Far West hills) were analysed separately...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785152/validating-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-as-a-screening-tool-for-postpartum-depression-in-kathmandu-nepal
#14
Babu Ram Bhusal, Nisha Bhandari, Manisha Chapagai, Tania Gavidia
BACKGROUND: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is considered well accepted screening tool for postpartum depression (PPD). The objective of the study was to validate the EPDS as a screening tool for postpartum depression in Kathmandu, Nepal. METHODS: A hospital based cross sectional study using EPDS was conducted among 346 mothers between 4 and 14 weeks of postpartum period. All the participants were examined by psychiatrist for possible clinical PPD diagnosis using International Classification of Disease tenth revision (ICD-10)...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746908/changes-in-labial-capillary-density-on-ascent-to-and-descent-from-high-altitude
#15
Edward Gilbert-Kawai, Jonny Coppel, Hennis Phillip, Michael Grocott, Can Ince, Daniel Martin
Present knowledge of how the microcirculation is altered by prolonged exposure to hypoxia at high altitude is incomplete and modification of existing analytical techniques may improve our knowledge considerably. We set out to use a novel simplified method of measuring in vivo capillary density during an expedition to high altitude using a CytoCam incident dark field imaging video-microscope. The simplified method of data capture involved recording one-second images of the mucosal surface of the inner lip to reveal data about microvasculature density in ten individuals...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697343/occurrence-profile-and-spatial-distribution-of-organochlorines-pesticides-in-soil-of-nepal-implication-for-source-apportionment-and-health-risk-assessment
#16
Ishwar Chandra Yadav, Ningombam Linthoingambi Devi, Jun Li, Gan Zhang, Pawan Raj Shakya
Nepal is a landlocked country located between world's two most populous countries-India and China where high level of organochlorines pesticides has been reported from multi-environmental matrices. In this study, we investigated the occurrence, distributions and profile of selected OCP chemicals in surface soil samples (N=72) from four major cities of Nepal. Overall, the sum of total OCPs in soil ranged from 20 to 250ng/g with Biratnagar being the most polluted site in Nepal. DDTs and endosulfans were the most abundant OCP chemicals in soil samples...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695679/dotting-the-three-i-s-for-collaborative-tb-hiv-activities-evaluation-of-a-pilot-programme-in-kathmandu-nepal
#17
S K Sah, S K Sahu, B Lamichhane, G K Bhatta, K B Bhandari, P Owiti, S S Majumdar
Setting: The three government tertiary care hospitals providing care for people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) in Kathmandu, Nepal. Objectives: To assess 1) the screening cascades for intensified case finding for tuberculosis (TB), 2) isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT), including demographic and clinical factors associated with treatment interruption, and 3) TB infection control (IC) in the health facilities. Design: A cross-sectional study of new PLHIV enrolled from January 2012 to December 2014...
September 2016: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695296/nepalese-patients-perceptions-of-treatment-modalities-for-type-2-diabetes
#18
Sujata Sapkota, Jo-Anne E Brien, Parisa Aslani
BACKGROUND: Perceptions and beliefs about treatment can influence patients' adherence to treatment regimens. Perceptions, in turn, are often shaped by patients' sociocultural context. Nepal and the Nepalese have unique sociocultural traditions and beliefs, and their perceptions of diabetes treatment remain largely unexplored. This study explored Nepalese participants' perceptions of diabetes treatment, and whether perceptions differed between the Nepalese living in Australia and Nepal...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693144/evaluation-of-index-overlay-methods-for-groundwater-vulnerability-and-risk-assessment-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#19
Sangam Shrestha, Ranjana Kafle, Vishnu Prasad Pandey
This study aimed at evaluating three index-overlay methods of vulnerability assessment (i.e., DRASTIC, GOD, and SI) for estimating risk to pollution of shallow groundwater aquifer in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. The Groundwater Risk Assessment Model (GRAM) model was used to compute the risk to groundwater pollution. Results showed that DRASTIC and SI methods are comparable for vulnerability assessment as both methods delineate around 80% of the groundwater basin area under high vulnerable zone. From the perspective of risk to pollution results, DRASTIC and GOD methods are comparable...
September 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685999/public-health-risks-in-urban-slums-findings-of-the-qualitative-healthy-kitchens-healthy-cities-study-in-kathmandu-nepal
#20
Helen Elsey, Shraddha Manandah, Dilip Sah, Sudeepa Khanal, Frances MacGuire, Rebecca King, Hilary Wallace, Sushil Chandra Baral
BACKGROUND: Communities in urban slums face multiple risks to their health. These are shaped by intermediary and structural determinants. Gaining a clear understanding of these determinants is a prerequisite for developing interventions to reduce the health consequences of urban poverty. With 828 million people living in slum conditions, the need to find ways to reduce risks to health has never been greater. In many low income settings, the kitchen is the epicentre of activities and behaviours which either undermine or enhance health...
2016: PloS One
keyword
keyword
25272
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"