keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychotic disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026886/clinical-characteristics-of-acute-drug-induced-dystonia-in-pediatric-patients
#1
Hyun Woong Park, Jae Ryung Kwak, Ji Sook Lee
OBJECTIVE: Dystonia is a movement disorder in which muscles contract uncontrollably. Acute drug-induced dystonia (DID) can be diagnosed through detailed history taking and physical examination. This study aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of DID in children, which could help emergency physicians diagnose these conditions more efficiently. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of children aged below 18 years diagnosed with drug-related dystonia after discharge from the emergency department over 10 years...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024893/plasma-ratio-of-clozapine-to-n-desmethylclozapine-can-predict-cognitive-performance-in-treatment-resistant-psychotic-patients
#2
Conrad Molins, Mar Carceller-Sindreu, Helena Navarro, Cristina Carmona, Marina Piñeiro, Estrella Martínez, Enric Álvarez, Maria J Portella
Cognitive symptoms play a central role in schizophrenia and are strongly associated with social functioning. Treatment with clozapine presents controversial results regarding its effects on cognition. The opposite effects of clozapine and n-desmethylclozapine (NDMC) on cholinergic system have been suggested to underlie these inconclusive findings. The aim of this study is to determine whether clozapine/NDMC ratio can predict cognitive performance in patients with treatment-resistant psychosis. Nineteen clinically stable patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder treated with clozapine monotherapy completed demographic and clinical interviews...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024302/reduced-electroencephalogram-responses-to-standard-and-target-auditory-stimuli-in-bipolar-disorder-and-the-impact-of-psychotic-features-analysis-of-event-related-potentials-spectral-power-and-inter-trial-coherence
#3
Nancy B Lundin, Lisa A Bartolomeo, Brian F O'Donnell, William P Hetrick
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with reductions in the P3b event-related potential (ERP) response to target auditory stimuli, which suggests deficits in context updating. Previous studies have typically examined these responses in the temporal domain, which may not capture alterations in specific frequencies of phase-locked or induced electrophysiological activity. Therefore, the present study examined early and late ERPs in temporal and frequency domains in a bipolar sample with and without current psychotic features...
October 11, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024192/association-of-schizotypy-with-striatocortical-functional-connectivity-and-its-asymmetry-in-healthy-adults
#4
Yi Wang, Ulrich Ettinger, Thomas Meindl, Raymond C K Chan
Altered striatocortical functional connectivity has been suggested to be a trait marker of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, including schizotypal personality. In the present study, we examined the association between schizotypal personality traits and striatocortical functional connectivity in a sample of healthy adults. The German version of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire was obtained from N = 111 participants recruited from the general public. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired at 3T...
October 11, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024009/is-kidney-transplantation-safe-after-careful-selection-of-the-recipients-with-a-history-of-psychotic-disorder
#5
Miklos Z Molnar
The prevalence of both bipolar disorder and schizophrenia is around 1-4% in the general population and represents a relative contraindication for kidney transplantation. There are several reasons for this, including concerns in relation to relapse of psychiatric illness, medication and other post-transplant treatment non-adherence, inadequate social support, emotional and cognitive capability, and potential drug interactions between psychotropic and immunosuppressant medications. Only a small proportion of recipients with psychotic disorder has eventually been transplanted...
October 11, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023285/predictors-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-use-in-a-large-inpatient-psychiatry-population
#6
Julia Knight, Micaela Jantzi, John Hirdes, Terry Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on reliable and clinically useful predictors of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) use. We aimed to examine factors that predict ECT use in an inpatient psychiatric population. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of a provincial database for inpatient psychiatry. The study includes all psychiatric inpatients 18 years or older in Ontario, Canada, assessed with the Resident Assessment Instrument for Mental Health (RAI-MH) within the first 3 days of admission between 2009 and 2014 (n = 153,023)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022840/irritable-temperament-and-lifetime-psychotic-symptoms-as-predictors-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Gianluca Serafini, Pierre A Geoffroy, Andrea Aguglia, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
PURPOSE: Affective temperaments, hopelessness, alexithymia, and anxiety/agitation symptoms may play a significant role in the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder (BD). Here, we aimed to investigate the eventual association between the mentioned explanatory variables and anxiety/agitation symptoms in BD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited at the Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Genoa (Italy), 92 BD inpatients having a mean age of 52 (±13...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019916/an-overview-of-recent-findings-on-social-anxiety-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#8
REVIEW
Maria Pontillo, Silvia Guerrera, Ornella Santonastaso, Maria Cristina Tata, Roberto Averna, Stefano Vicari, Marco Armando
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that anxiety is particularly frequent in the Clinical High Risk (CHR) for psychosis population. Notably, social anxiety disorder is identified as one of the most common anxiety disorders in CHR adolescents and young adults. Despite this, the frequency and the clinical significance of social anxiety in this population have been underestimated. METHODS: A selective review of literature published between 2011 and 2017 on social anxiety disorder in CHR adolescents and young adults...
October 11, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019460/auditory-hallucinations-as-translational-psychiatry-evidence-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Kenneth Hugdahl
In this invited review article I present a translational perspective and overview of our research on auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia at the University of Bergen, Norway with a focus on the neuronal mechanisms underlying the phenomenology of experiencing "hearing voices". An auditory verbal hallucination, i.e. "hearing a voice", is defined as a sensory experience in the absence of a corresponding external sensory source that could explain the phenomenological experience. I suggest a general frame or scheme for the study of auditory verbal hallucinations which is called Levels of Explanation (LoE)...
October 11, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019422/pharmacotherapy-of-mood-disorders-and-psychosis-in-pre-and-post-natal-women
#10
Beth Smith, Steven L Dubovsky
Untreated mood and psychotic disorders can have substantial adverse impacts on the patient, the fetus and the family, while treatment can ameliorate such problems. To address concerns by clinicians about the risks of psychotropic medications, this review addresses the risk/benefit analysis of somatic therapies for psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and lactation. Areas covered: All available research was reviewed on the impact on pregnancy and breastfeeding of mood and psychotic disorders, and of antidepressants, mood stabilizers, antipsychotic drugs, and electroconvulsive therapy...
October 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018388/emdr-beyond-ptsd-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
Alicia Valiente-Gómez, Ana Moreno-Alcázar, Devi Treen, Carlos Cedrón, Francesc Colom, Víctor Pérez, Benedikt L Amann
Background: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic approach that has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through several randomized controlled trials (RCT). Solid evidence shows that traumatic events can contribute to the onset of severe mental disorders and can worsen their prognosis. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the most important findings from RCT conducted in the treatment of comorbid traumatic events in psychosis, bipolar disorder, unipolar depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and chronic back pain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017605/collaborative-shared-care-to-improve-psychosis-outcome-cosimpo-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Oye Gureje, Victor Makanjuola, Lola Kola, Bidemi Yusuf, Leshawndra Price, Oluyomi Esan, Bibilola D Oladeji, John Appiah-Poku, Benjamin Haris, Caleb Othieno, Soraya Seedat
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are a group of severe mental disorders that cause considerable disability to sufferers and a high level of burden to families. In many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), traditional and faith healers are the main providers of care to affected persons. Even though frequently canvassed as desirable for improved care delivery, collaboration between these complementary alternative health providers (CAPs) and conventional health providers has yet to be rigorously tested for feasibility and effectiveness on patient outcomes...
October 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994360/effects-of-childhood-trauma-on-left-inferior-frontal-gyrus-function-during-response-inhibition-across-psychotic-disorders
#13
Y Quidé, N O'Reilly, O J Watkeys, V J Carr, M J Green
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is a risk factor for psychosis. Deficits in response inhibition are common to psychosis and trauma-exposed populations, and associated brain functions may be affected by trauma exposure in psychotic disorders. We aimed to identify the influence of trauma-exposure on brain activation and functional connectivity during a response inhibition task. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to examine brain function within regions-of-interest [left and right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, right supplementary motor area, right inferior parietal lobule and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex], during the performance of a Go/No-Go Flanker task, in 112 clinical cases with psychotic disorders and 53 healthy controls (HCs)...
October 10, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993710/dose-dependent-expression-of-claudin-5-is-a-modifying-factor-in-schizophrenia
#14
C Greene, J Kealy, M M Humphries, Y Gong, J Hou, N Hudson, L M Cassidy, R Martiniano, V Shashi, S R Hooper, G A Grant, P F Kenna, K Norris, C K Callaghan, M dN Islam, S M O'Mara, Z Najda, S G Campbell, J S Pachter, J Thomas, N M Williams, P Humphries, K C Murphy, M Campbell
Schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects up to 1% of the general population. Various genes show associations with schizophrenia and a very weak nominal association with the tight junction protein, claudin-5, has previously been identified. Claudin-5 is expressed in endothelial cells forming part of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Furthermore, schizophrenia occurs in 30% of individuals with 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS), a population who are haploinsufficient for the claudin-5 gene. Here, we show that a variant in the claudin-5 gene is weakly associated with schizophrenia in 22q11DS, leading to 75% less claudin-5 being expressed in endothelial cells...
October 10, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993545/folie-%C3%A3-deux-by-proxy-in-a-father-after-physical-abuse-by-a-mentally-ill-daughter
#15
J L Tay, Z Li
This is the first case report in a country predominated by Chinese that describes the physical abuse of a recipient by the inducer in shared delusional disorder. The report describes a 42-year-old patient who physically abused her father until he submitted to her delusions. Subsequently and for years, both sustained persecutory delusions against their neighbours. While the patient was undergoing treatment, the father continued reinforcing her delusions. There is a need to explore the possibility of any forms of abuse of the recipient by the inducer in shared psychotic disorder...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992114/feasibility-of-using-the-helping-alliance-questionnaire-ii-as-a-self-report-measure-for-individuals-with-a-psychiatric-disorder-receiving-music-therapy
#16
Niels Hannibal, Maria Rodrigo Domingo, Jan B Valentin, Rasmus W Licht
Background: No specific instrument has been developed for measuring alliance during music therapy. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of using the Helping Alliance Questionnaire II (HAq-II) as a self-report measure for individuals receiving treatment for a psychiatric disorder. Specifically, we examined the percent of patients who filled out the questionnaire, and when completed, whether there were any missing items. We also examined internal consistency and associations between patient variables and HAq-II scores...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991722/risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-guillain-barre-syndrome-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Hsin-An Chang, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Fu-Huang Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, San-Yuan Huang, Chuan-Chia Chang, Ru-Band Lu, Yu-Chen Kao, Hui-Wen Yeh, Wei-Shan Chiang, Wu-Chien Chien
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is a rare immune-related neurological disorder with high mortality and morbidity, but the comorbid psychiatric disorders garnered little attention in the GBS patients. This study aimed to investigate the association between GBS and the risk of developing psychiatric disorders. METHODS: A total of 18,192 enrolled patients, with 4548 study subjects who had suffered GBS, and 13,644 controls matched for gender and age, from the Inpatient Dataset of 2000-2013 in Taiwan, and selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990447/psychotic-like-experiences-in-help-seeking-adolescents-dimensional-exploration-and-association-with-different-forms-of-bullying-victimization-a-developmental-social-psychiatry-perspective
#18
Gennaro Catone, Roberta Marotta, Simone Pisano, Belinda Lennox, Marco Carotenuto, Antonella Gritti, Antonio Pascotto, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common in the general population and increase the risk of psychotic disorders. Adolescents are a high-risk group of this condition. Stressful events, such as bullying, have a role in the onset of PLEs. This study has several aims: (1) to assess PLEs in adolescents seeking help from a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, (2) to assess the association of PLEs with specific bullying victimization and (3) to assess difference in PLEs and victimizations by sex and age...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984907/prader-willi-syndrome-genetic-subtypes-and-clinical-neuropsychiatric-diagnoses-in-residential-care-adults
#19
Ann M Manzardo, Nicolette Weisensel, Sheryl Ayala, Waheeda Hossain, Merlin G Butler
The historical diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a complex genetic disorder, in adults by clinical presentation rather than genetic testing has limited genetic subtype-specific psychometric investigations and treatment. Genetic testing and clinical psychiatric evaluation using DSM-IV-TR criteria were undertaken on 72 adult residents (34M; 38F) from the Prader-Willi Homes of Oconomowoc (PWHO), a specialty PWS group home system. Methylation specific-multiplex ligation probe amplification and high-resolution microarrays were analyzed for methylation status, 15q11-q13 deletions and maternal uniparental disomy 15 (mUPD15)...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981913/olfactory-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis
#20
Vidyulata Kamath, Patricia Lasutschinkow, Koko Ishizuka, Akira Sawa
BACKGROUND: Though olfactory deficits are well-documented in schizophrenia, fewer studies have examined olfactory performance profiles across the psychosis spectrum. The current study examined odor identification, discrimination, and detection threshold performance in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder with psychotic features, major depression with psychotic features, and other psychotic conditions. METHOD: FEP patients (n = 97) and healthy adults (n = 98) completed birhinal assessments of odor identification, discrimination, and detection threshold sensitivity for lyral and citralva...
August 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
keyword
keyword
25265
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"