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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817418/neuromodulation-and-neurofeedback-treatments-in-eating-disorders-and-obesity
#1
Bethan Dalton, Iain C Campbell, Ulrike Schmidt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological interventions are the treatment of choice for most eating disorders; however, significant proportions of patients do not recover with these. Advances in understanding of the neurobiology of eating disorders have led to the development of targeted treatments, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS), and neurofeedback. We review the emerging clinical evidence for the use of these interventions in eating disorders and obesity, together with their theoretical rationale...
August 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814870/abnormal-intrinsic-functional-hubs-in-alcohol-dependence-evidence-from-a-voxelwise-degree-centrality-analysis
#2
Xiaoping Luo, Linghong Guo, Xi-Jian Dai, Qinglai Wang, Wenzhong Zhu, Xinjun Miao, Honghan Gong
OBJECTIVE: To explore the abnormal intrinsic functional hubs in alcohol dependence using voxelwise degree centrality analysis approach, and their relationships with clinical features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four male alcohol dependence subjects free of medicine (mean age, 50.21±9.62 years) and 24 age- and education-matched male healthy controls (mean age, 50.29±8.92 years) were recruited. The alcohol use disorders identification test and the severity of alcohol dependence questionnaire (SADQ) were administered to assess the severity of alcohol craving...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813187/twelve-steps-two-factors-coping-strategies-moderate-the-association-between-craving-and-daily-12-step-use-in-a-college-recovery-community
#3
Richard P Wiebe, Amanda M Griffin, Yao Zheng, Kitty S Harris, H Harrington Cleveland
BACKGROUND: Affiliating with 12-step groups appears to reduce relapse risk. By relying on between-person designs, extant research has been unable to examine daily mechanisms through which 12-step group affiliation contributes to recovery. OBJECTIVES: To examine the daily use and factor structure of the 12 steps and intrapersonal predictors and moderators of 12-step use. To determine whether the 12 steps were used in response to daily craving and, if so, which steps and in what contexts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810962/association-between-alcohol-craving-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-veterans-with-co-occurring-conditions
#4
Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape, Xue Li, Neil Jordan
BACKGROUND: Probable alcohol use disorder (AUD), mental health disorders (MHDs), and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are endemic among U.S. Veterans of the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Previous research demonstrates that recent Veterans with AUD and MHD both with and without mTBI (MHD ± mTBI) self-report higher alcohol craving levels relative to Veterans with AUD only. Since it is unknown if alcohol craving negatively impacts health-related quality of life (HRQOL), the purpose of this study is to identify and describe the relationship between alcohol craving and HRQOL for recent Veterans with AUD alone and those with AUD and co-occurring conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810433/ultra-brief-non-expert-delivered-defusion-and-acceptance-exercises-for-food-cravings-a-partial-replication-study
#5
Lee Hulbert-Williams, Nick J Hulbert-Williams, Wendy Nicholls, Sian Williamson, Jivone Poonia, Kevin D Hochard
Food cravings are a common barrier to losing weight. This article presents a randomised comparison of non-expert group-delivered ultra-brief defusion and acceptance interventions against a distraction control. A total of 63 participants were asked to carry a bag of chocolates for a week while trying to resist the temptation to eat them. A behavioural rebound measure was administered. Each intervention out-performed control in respect of consumption, but not cravings. These techniques may have a place in the clinical management of food cravings...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810379/preliminary-support-for-the-role-of-alcohol-cues-in-food-cravings-and-attentional-biases
#6
Kenny A Karyadi, Melissa A Cyders
This study examined whether alcohol odors, in isolation or when combined with pictures, would influence food attentional biases and cravings. Participants' cravings and attentional biases to food and alcohol pictures were assessed after exposure to alcohol or water odors ( n = 77; mean age = 30.84 years, 51.9% female, 83.1% Caucasian). Food attentional biases were increased by alcohol odors, but food cravings were increased only by a combination of alcohol odors and food pictures. These effects were related with self-reported problematic food consumption...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806640/the-importance-of-nutrition-in-aiding-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Kendall D Jeynes, E Leigh Gibson
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is a prerequisite for health; yet, there is no special nutritional assessment or guidance for drug and alcohol dependent individuals, despite the fact that their food consumption is often very limited, risking malnutrition. Further, the premise is examined that malnutrition may promote drug seeking and impede recovery from substance use disorders (SUD). METHOD: A narrative review addressed the relationship between substance use disorders and nutrition, including evidence for malnutrition, as well as their impact on metabolism and appetite regulation...
August 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806585/relationship-between-craving-and-plasma-leptin-concentrations-in-patients-with-cocaine-addiction
#8
Giovanni Martinotti, Chiara Montemitro, Gaia Baroni, Sara Andreoli, Flaminia Alimonti, Marco Di Nicola, Federico Tonioni, Lorenzo Leggio, Massimo di Giannantonio, Luigi Janiri
BACKGROUND: There is robust evidence indicating an overlap between neurobiological circuitry and pathways that regulate addictions and those that regulate appetite and food intake. Rodent work suggests a role of the appetitive peptide leptin in cocaine-seeking behaviours. The goal of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between plasma leptin concentrations and cocaine craving and use in patients seeking treatment for cocaine dependence. METHODS: Patients (N=43) with a DSM-IV diagnosis of cocaine dependence were studied before starting detoxification (baseline; T0) and then again 14days after (T1; only those patients who abstained from cocaine during the study)...
August 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806104/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-administration-to-heavy-cannabis-users
#9
Gregory L Sahlem, Nathaniel L Baker, Mark S George, Robert J Malcolm, Aimee L McRae-Clark
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is a common condition with few treatments. Several studies in other substance use disorders have found that applying repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) decreases cue-elicited craving and possibly decreases use. To date, there have been no studies attempting to use rTMS in CUD. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine if rTMS could be feasibly delivered to a group of non-treatment seeking CUD participants...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804985/a-randomised-controlled-comparison-of-second-level-treatment-approaches-for-treatment-resistant-adults-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-assessing-the-benefits-of-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-therapy
#10
Marta Ferrer-García, José Gutiérrez-Maldonado, Joana Pla-Sanjuanelo, Ferran Vilalta-Abella, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici, Joan Ribas-Sabaté, Alexis Andreu-Gracia, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Laura Forcano, Nadine Riesco, Isabel Sánchez, Neli Escandón-Nagel, Osane Gomez-Tricio, Virginia Tena, Antonios Dakanalis
A question that arises from the literature on therapy is whether second-level treatment is effective for patients with recurrent binge eating who fail first-level treatment. It has been shown that subjects who do not stop binge eating after an initial structured cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT) programme benefit from additional CBT (A-CBT) sessions; however, it has been suggested that these resistant patients would benefit even more from cue exposure therapy (CET) targeting features associated with poor response (e...
August 14, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802430/digital-analogue-or-redundant-speedometers-for-truck-driving-impact-on-visual-distraction-efficiency-and-usability
#11
Mathilde François, Philippe Crave, François Osiurak, Alexandra Fort, Jordan Navarro
Existing literature does not draw conclusions as to which speedometer type is better for truck driving. A digital speedometer would be more beneficial when obtaining absolute and relative readings, while an analogue speedometer would be more efficient and less distracting when detecting dynamic speed changes. Redundant speedometers, which simultaneously present digital and analogue speedometers, appear increasingly in vehicles, but no information is available on their ergonomic qualities. This study compared three speedometers: digital speedometers, analogue speedometers, and redundant speedometers...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797701/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-between-different-exercise-types-and-food-cravings-in-free-living-healthy-young-adults
#12
Clemens Drenowatz, Line H Evensen, Linda Ernstsen, John E Blundell, Gregory A Hand, Robin P Shook, James R Hébert, Stephanie Burgess, Steven N Blair
INTRODUCTION: An increase in energy intake due to alterations in hedonic appetite sensations may, at least in part, contribute to lower-than-expected weight loss in exercise interventions. The aim of this study was to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between habitual exercise participation and food cravings in free-living young adults. METHODS: A total of 417 adults (49% male, 28 ± 4 years) reported frequency and duration of walking, aerobic exercise, resistance exercise and other exercise at baseline and every 3 months over a 12-month period...
August 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779921/secondary-psychological-outcomes-in-a-controlled-trial-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-food-cravings
#13
Peta Stapleton, Amy Bannatyne, Hannah Chatwin, Keri-Charle Urzi, Brett Porter, Terri Sheldon
OBJECTIVE: Examining the effectiveness of psychological interventions in treating secondary psychological outcomes of obesity has become prioritized in recent times. The objective of the present study was to compare an eight-week Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) intervention program, in the treatment of food cravings and secondary psychological outcomes among overweight or obese adults (N = 83). METHOD: A controlled non-inferiority trial was performed comparing group-delivered CBT to group-delivered EFT...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771626/prevalence-of-problematic-cell-phone-use-in-an-adult-population-in-spain-as-assessed-by-the-mobile-phone-problem-use-scale-mppus
#14
José de-Sola, Hernán Talledo, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Gabriel Rubio
Problematic cell phone use has alarmingly increased in industrialized countries in the past 10 years. For many perpetrators, it can turn into a behavioural addiction, although this is not a recognized medical condition. Although there are many tools for evaluating this use, one of the most widely used tools is the Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), which we test on a representative sample of the population in Spain to obtain an estimate of the prevalence of problematic cell phone use in our midst. The age range consists of 16-65 years, with 1,126 surveys conducted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767647/differential-spontaneous-recovery-across-cognitive-abilities-during-detoxification-period-in-alcohol-dependence
#15
Géraldine Petit, Olivier Luminet, Mariana Cordovil de Sousa Uva, Alexis Zorbas, Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of consensus regarding the extent to which cognitive dysfunctions may recover upon cessation of alcohol intake by alcohol-dependents (AD), and the divergent findings are most likely due to methodological differences between the various studies. The present study was aimed at conducting a very strict longitudinal study of cognitive recovery in terms of assessment points, the duration of abstinence, control of age and duration of the addiction, and by use of individual analyses in addition to mean group comparisons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766852/serotonin-transporter-promoter-polymorphism-modulates-the-ability-to-control-food-intake-effect-on-total-weight-loss
#16
Gemma Bonnet, Purificación Gómez-Abellán, Beatriz Vera, Juan Francisco Sánchez-Romera, Antonio M Hernández-Martínez, Silvia Sookoian, Carlos Jose Pirola, Marta Garaulet
SCOPE: The biggest challenge for losing weight is the ability to control the amount of food eaten; the tendency to overeat is called disinhibition. Our aims were to determine whether a) the SLC6A4-promoter variant (5-HTTLPR) relates to disinhibition; b) this association could affect total weight-loss during a behavioral/dietary treatment for obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: 2961 subjects attended voluntarily five weight-loss clinics; a subsample (n = 624) was recruited for SLC6A4 genotyping...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766183/guided-imagery-targeting-exercise-food-cravings-and-stress-a-multi-modal-randomized-feasibility-trial
#17
Peter Giacobbi, Dustin Long, Richard Nolan, Samantha Shawley, Kelsey Johnson, Ranjita Misra
The purpose of this randomized wait-list controlled trial was to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a guided imagery based multi-behavior intervention intended to address psychological stress, food cravings, and physical activity. Personalized guided imagery scripts were created and participants were instructed to practice guided imagery every day for 35 consecutive days. Of 48 women who enrolled, we report comparisons between 16 randomized to treatment with 19 who were wait-listed (overall Mage = 45...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762102/weight-loss-and-appetite-control-in-women
#18
REVIEW
Luzia Jaeger Hintze, Salma Mahmoodianfard, Coralie Bonaparte Auguste, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to describe and discuss weight loss-induced variations in appetite in women and factors responsible for these changes. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have shown postweight loss increases in fasting and postprandial appetite in individuals engaged in weight loss trials, especially in women. Similarly, appetite-related peptides associated to the homeostatic control of feeding, such as leptin, ghrelin and peptide YY, were also found to be altered in way that promotes increased appetite after weight loss interventions...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759482/clonidine-increases-the-likelihood-that-abstinence-can-withstand-unstructured-time-in-buprenorphine-maintained-outpatients
#19
William J Kowalczyk, Jeremiah W Bertz, Landhing M Moran, Karran A Phillips, Udi E Ghitza, David H Epstein, Kenzie L Preston
OBJECTIVE: In a clinical trial examining daily clonidine as an adjunct to buprenorphine treatment for opioid dependence, we found that clonidine increased opioid abstinence and decoupled stress from craving. From a personalized-medicine perspective, the next step is to identify people for whom clonidine would be beneficial. To that end, using data from the same clinical trial, we examined the associations of daily-life activities with treatment success. METHODS: Outpatients (N = 118) received clonidine (0...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756109/altered-coupling-of-default-mode-executive-control-and-salience-networks-in-internet-gaming-disorder
#20
J T Zhang, S-S Ma, C-G Yan, S Zhang, L Liu, L-J Wang, B Liu, Y-W Yao, Y-H Yang, X-Y Fang
BACKGROUND: Recently, a triple-network model suggested the abnormal interactions between the executive-control network (ECN), default-mode network (DMN) and salience network (SN) are important characteristics of addiction, in which the SN plays a critical role in allocating attentional resources toward the ECN and DMN. Although increasing studies have reported dysfunctions in these brain networks in Internet gaming disorder (IGD), interactions between these networks, particularly in the context of the triple-network model, have not been investigated in IGD...
July 12, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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