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Paolo Vercellini, Paola Viganò, Laura Buggio, Sofia Makieva, Giovanna Scarfone, Fulvia Milena Cribiù, Fabio Parazzini, Edgardo Somigliana
In women with endometriosis, the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer is increased from 1.4% to about 1.9%. The risk of clear cell and endometrioid ovarian cancer is, respectively, tripled and doubled. Atypical endometriosis, observed in 1-3% of endometriomas excised in premenopausal women, is the intermediate precursor lesion linking typical endometriosis and clear cell/endometrioid tumors. Prolonged oral contraceptive use is associated with a major reduction in ovarian cancer risk among women with endometriosis...
February 15, 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Konstantinos Kyriakopoulos, Ekaterini Domali, Sofoklis Stavrou, Alexandros Rodolakis, Dimitrios Loutradis, Peter Drakakis
INTRODUCTION: Benign metastasizing leiomyomas represent benign lesions consisted by leiomatosous tissue and could be observed in positions away from their usual localization, the human uterus. They commonly affect women that have undergone total hysterectomy. Approximately 100 similar cases have been reported in the literature, so the case we present is rare and reviewing the literature and needs to be reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 55 year old Greek woman, gravida five and para three, who attended our unit 3 years ago complaining of occasionally lower abdominal pain and irritation the last months...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Antonio De Leo, Margherita Nannini, Giulia Dondi, Donatella Santini, Milena Urbini, Elisa Gruppioni, Pierandrea De Iaco, Anna Myriam Perrone, Maria Abbondanza Pantaleo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and peritoneum are the main sites of recurrence. Ovarian metastases from GIST are very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50 years-old woman was found to have a pelvic mass on transvaginal ultrasound (TV-US) and computed tomography (CT)-scan, considered as a right ovarian mass. The patient underwent surgical abdominal exploration that showed an ileal mass, a normal right ovary and an irregular and vascularized surface of the left ovary...
March 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
Leticia Wietcovsky, David Til, Rafael Alonso Salvador, Nicole Louise Lângaro Amaral, Alfred Paul Senn, Vera Lucia Lângaro Amaral
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of ovarian tissue heterotopic autografting after vitrification in prepubertal rats. METHODS: Fragments of excised ovaries from prepubertal rats were used after assessing post-warming cellular viability, to determine the best vitrification protocol prior to retroauricular autografting. Pre-pubertal females (N=24) were castrated and divided into three group: Group 1 - fresh ovarian tissue transplantation; Group 2 - vitrified/warmed tissue transplantation; Group 3 - bilateral oophorectomy without transplantation...
March 15, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Elke Burger, Olaf Ortmann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
BACKGROUND: Oophorectomy is generally performed in patients with endometrial cancer despite the rate of ovarian metastasis being relatively low. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter retrospective registry-based study was performed in 2329 patients with endometrial cancer. The outcome measures were the incidence of ovarian metastasis and the impact on overall survival. RESULTS: Median follow-up was performed at 84 months. A total of 2158 women were eligible for analysis, of which 131 (6...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Ellen Cusano, Victoria Myers, Rajiv Samant, Talia Sudai, Allison Keller, Tien Le, Choan E, Scott Grimes, Yuhui Xu
OBJECTIVE: Lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) has been defined as a significant adverse prognostic factor in early-stage endometrial cancer, primarily because of its high association with nodal metastases. This study aimed to determine if LVSI provides any prognostic significance in pathologic node-negative surgically staged (T1N0) endometrial cancer patients. METHODS/MATERIALS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients with pathologic stage T1N0 endometrial carcinoma treated at The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre from 1998 to 2007...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Ching-Shu Chiang, Po-Lin Chen, Tzu-Ting Kuo, I-Ming Chen, Nai-Yuan Wu, Hsiao-Huang Chang
RATIONALE: Intravascular leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a rare nonmalignant tumor that can be fatal if untreated. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 49-year-old nulliparous Asian woman who underwent hysterectomy and left salpingo-oophorectomy for multiple uterine leiomyomas 18 months prior presented complaining of intermittent palpitation and chest tightness for approximately 1 month. Echocardiography revealed a large mobile tumor mass extending from the inferior vena cava (IVC) to the right atrium that partially obstructed IVC flow and tricuspid inflow...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
L E Stewart, T L Beck, N V Giannakopoulos, M H Rendi, C Isacson, B A Goff
OBJECTIVES: Low grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS) is a rare cancer with an indolent course. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of adjuvant hormonal suppression (HT) with or without oophorectomy (BSO) in prolonging progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with LG-ESS. METHODS: We performed a multi-institutional retrospective review of patients treated for low grade LG-ESS from 1985 to 2014. Demographics, treatment and recurrence data were abstracted from medical records...
March 11, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
J Niro, P Panel
OBJECTIVE: In women with symptomatic endometriosis and no desire for pregnancy, hysterectomy with or without bilateral oophorectomy is often presented as a definitive solution to their symptoms. Despite this radical treatment, it should be known that nearly 15% of these patients will have persistent pain. Thus the objective of this review was to determine the interest of total hysterectomy with or without bilateral oophorectomy for the treatment of deep endometriosis. METHOD: The research was conducted from the US National Library of Medicine's National Institutes of Health from the following keywords: endometriosis, hysterectomy, oophorectomy, ovariectomy, radical treatment...
March 9, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Sara M Drayer, Larry R Laufer, Maureen E Farrell
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is an uncommon disease presenting with cyclical skin eruptions corresponding with the menstrual cycle luteal phase. Because symptoms are precipitated by rising progesterone levels, treatment relies on hormone suppression. CASE: A 22-year-old nulligravid woman presented with symptoms mistaken for Stevens-Johnson syndrome. A cyclic recurrence of symptoms occurred, and the diagnosis of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis was made by an intradermal progesterone challenge...
March 8, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Brianna J Shinn, Laura J Tafe, Pantila Vanichakarn
BACKGROUND Carcinoid tumor, benign, low-grade malignant, and high-grade malignant, can be associated with the release of vasoactive substances that cause symptoms including cutaneous flushing, diarrhea, and bronchospasm. In 50-60% of patients with carcinoid syndrome, the vasoactive substances cause fibrosis of the pulmonary and tricuspid heart valves which lead to regurgitation and right-sided heart failure. The right side of the heart is usually affected because monoamine oxidases in the lungs usually inactivate the vasoactive substances...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Matthew T Siedhoff, Michelle Louie, Meenal Misal, Janelle K Moulder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Min Chen, Weibin Zhou, Zhe Zhang, Yuting Zou, Chengjiang Li
RATIONALE: The incidence of severe hyperandrogenism associated with masculinity in women is very low. While rare and difficult to diagnose, androgen secreting tumors should be suspected in women with hyperandrogenism and hirsutism, especially in the postmenopausal population. Herein we present one case of ovarian Leydig cell tumor (LCT) with markedly elevated serum testosterone levels and frank hirsutism. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 60-year-old woman, presented with increased hair growth and androgenic alopecia and the hormonal laboratory examination showed that she had elevated serum testosterone level and normal dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, 17- hydroxyprogesterone, cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Akihiro Takeda, Wataru Koike, Kazuko Watanabe
A 45-year-old multipara woman was referred due to the rapid enlargement of an asymptomatic pelvic mass that was detected during a regular check up. She had undergone laparoscopic-assisted myomectomy 15 years previously. At the time, the uncontained extraction of an intraligamental myoma with electric power morcellation had been performed. Multimodal imaging revealed a heterogeneous mass in the vesicouterine pouch that was found to be supplied by the left gastro-omental and superior vesical arteries. Although malignancy could not be completely denied, parasitic peritoneal myoma with myxoid degeneration was the most probable diagnosis...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Beom Seok Kwak
We report here on a case of 51-year-old woman with metastatic small cell carcinoma of the breast that came from her cancer of the uterine cervix. She underwent radical hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy due to small cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, and adjuvant radiotherapy was administered to the pelvis. Breast metastasis with a palpable mass then occurred 3 months after the primary surgery. Simple mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy were performed. She initially showed a good response to the therapy, yet she ultimately died of multiple metastases with a fulminating disease course...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
Anita Lwanga, David O Kamson, Tiffany E Wilkins, Vinny Sharma, Jefree J Schulte, James Miller, Ikram Hassan, Ricardo R Lastra
N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis (NMDARe) is one of 13 autoimmune-mediated encephalitides that have been discovered over the last decade. This case report describes the course of a 26-year-old female who presented with new-onset seizures and insomnia, complicated by encephalitis. The initial workup ruled out common causes of encephalitis, while a transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS), and computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis did not identify a mass. Based on the suspicion that she may have autoimmune encephalitis, the patient was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins and plasma exchange, but continued to deteriorate...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Areg Grigorian, Victor Joe, Patrick Thomas Delaplain, Sebastian Schubl, Bel Barker, Viktor Gabriel, Austin Ronald Dosch, Cristobal Barrios, Jeffry Nahmias
PURPOSE: Pelvic gynecologic trauma (PGT) includes injury to the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes. We hypothesized Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 25, hypotension on admission and age ≥ 51 (average age for menopause) would be independent risk factors for resection compared to repair. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank was performed between 2007 and 2015. RESULTS: Of 2,040,235 female patients, 1938 (< 0...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Sebastián Carranza-Lira, Edith Pablo-Cruz
Aim of the study: To evaluate the differences in the What's My M3 test between pre and postmenopausal women. Material and methods: Pre- and postmenopausal women who attended an endocrine gynaecology consultation were studied. In all them, the What's My M3? test was applied. Descriptive statistics, central tendency and dispersion measures were used. Differences between groups were assessed with Mann Whitney U test, and Spearman correlation analysis was carried out for age and time since menopause with the What's My M3? score...
September 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Kelly J Butnor, Jamen R Bartlett
Postablation tubal sterilization syndrome (PATSS) is an uncommon complication of endometrial ablation in patients with antecedent tubal ligation characterized by cyclic pelvic pain. Recurrent tubal distention resulting from retrograde menstruation into occluded proximal fallopian tube segments by residual/regenerated cornual endometrial tissue is postulated to be the cause. Reports of PATSS have largely focused on the clinicoradiologic and operative findings. Detailed descriptions of the gross pathologic findings of PATSS are sparse and rarer still are examples in which the histologic manifestations are discussed...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Mikel Gorostidi, Cecilia Villalain, Ruben Ruiz, Ibon Jaunarena, Arantxa Lekuona, Irene Diez
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the importance of a dual (cervical and fundal) indocyanine green (ICG) injection and a thorough dissection for the detection of sentinel lymph node (SLN). DESIGN: Step-by-step description of a surgical procedure using video (Canadian Task Force III) SETTING: Hospital Universitario Donostia (Spain). PATIENTS: A 60-year-old woman with a diagnosis of IAG1 endometrial adenocarcinoma (EC). INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent a cervical and transcervical fundal ICG injection for paraortic and pelvic SLN detection in the setting of a research protocol and a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with frozen section of the uterus as standard approach (1)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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