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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674926/a-taxonomic-study-of-quercus-langbianensis-complex-based-on-morphology-and-dna-barcodes-of-classic-and-next-generation-sequences
#1
Hoang Thi Binh, Nguyen Van Ngoc, Shuichiro Tagane, Hironori Toyama, Keiko Mase, Chika Mitsuyuki, Joeri Sergej Strijk, Yoshihisa Suyama, Tetsukazu Yahara
The taxonomy of Quercus langbianensis and its relatives in Vietnam and Cambodia have been revised based on evidence obtained from field observations, morphological comparison of herbarium specimens and molecular analyses using both classic and next generation DNA markers. Based on Bayesian inference using rbc L, mat K and ITS regions and Neighbour-joining tree using genome-wide sequences amplified with multiplexed inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) primers (MIG-seq), the authors recognised ten species in the complex in Vietnam and Cambodia, three of which are newly described in this paper: Q...
2018: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673481/cell-autonomous-regulation-of-dendrite-self-avoidance-by-the-wnt-secretory-factor-mig-14-wntless
#2
Chien-Po Liao, Hsun Li, Hsiu-Hsiang Lee, Cheng-Ting Chien, Chun-Liang Pan
Self-avoidance allows sister dendrites from the same neuron to form non-redundant coverage of the sensory territory and is important for neural circuitry functions. Here, we report an unexpected, cell-autonomous role of the Wnt-secretory factor MIG-14/Wntless in mediating dendrite self-avoidance in the C. elegans multidendritic PVD neurons. Similar findings in Drosophila suggest that this novel function of Wntless is conserved. The mig-14 mutant shows defects in dendrite self-avoidance, and ectopic MIG-14 expression triggers dendrite repulsion...
April 18, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671050/-trabecular-micro-invasive-glaucoma-surgery-procedures-and-clinical-results
#3
REVIEW
A G M Jünemann, R Rejdak, B Hohberger
The management of glaucoma therapy to reduce intraocular pressure commonly consists of a gradual approach with local monotherapy, combined therapy, laser surgery and finally filtration surgery. The local side effects of glaucoma medications and the lack of adherence and persistence to the medical therapy as well as the complication profile of the established glaucoma surgical techniques justify the introduction of new surgical procedures. Micro-invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) is a promising new surgical approach...
April 18, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655641/is-newer-necessarily-better-the-evolution-of-incisional-glaucoma-surgery-over-the-last-100-years
#4
Eve J Higginbotham, Dominique Alexis
PURPOSE: To examine the progress made in glaucoma incisional surgery and determine if there has been sufficient progress to meet the needs of glaucoma patients. DESIGN: Perspective: Literature Review METHODS: This is a retrospective assessment of key milestones in the evolution of glaucoma incisional surgery and an evaluation of the risks and the benefits of these procedures. Benefits are defined as effective reduction in intraocular pressure (IOP) and protecting visual function, while risks are defined as safety and complications for our patients...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652619/circulating-cytokine-chemokine-concentrations-respond-to-ionizing-radiation-doses-but-not-radiation-dose-rates-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-and-interleukin-18
#5
Juliann G Kiang, Joan T Smith, Sara R Hegge, Natalia I Ossetrova
Exposure to ionizing radiation is a crucial life-threatening factor in nuclear and radiological incidents. It is known that ionizing radiation affects cytokine/chemokine concentrations in the blood of B6D2F1 mice. It is not clear whether radiation dose rates would vary the physiological response. Therefore, in this study we utilized data from two experiments using B6D2F1 female mice exposed to six different dose rates ranging from low to high rates. In one experiment, mice received a total dose of 8 Gy (LD0/30 ) of 60 Co gamma radiation at four dose rates: 0...
April 13, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649997/year-round-effects-of-a-four-week-randomized-controlled-trial-using-different-types-of-feedback-on-employees-physical-activity
#6
Karen Van Hoye, Anne I Wijtzes, Johan Lefevre, Stijn De Baere, Filip Boen
BACKGROUND: This follow-up study investigated the year-round effects of a four-week randomized controlled trial using different types of feedback on employees' physical activity, including a need-supportive coach intervention. METHODS: Participants (n = 227) were randomly assigned to a Minimal Intervention Group (MIG; no feedback), a Pedometer Group (PG; feedback on daily steps only), a Display Group (DG; feedback on daily steps, on daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA] and on total energy expenditure [EE]), or a Coaching Group (CoachG; same as DG with need supportive coaching)...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607021/insectivorous-bats-respond-to-vegetation-complexity-in-urban-green-spaces
#7
Marcela Suarez-Rubio, Christina Ille, Alexander Bruckner
Structural complexity is known to determine habitat quality for insectivorous bats, but how bats respond to habitat complexity in highly modified areas such as urban green spaces has been little explored. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether a recently developed measure of structural complexity is as effective as field-based surveys when applied to urban environments. We assessed whether image-derived structural complexity (MIG) was as/more effective than field-based descriptors in this environment and evaluated the response of insectivorous bats to structural complexity in urban green spaces...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563103/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-mediated-neurotoxicity-in-non-human-primates
#8
Agne Taraseviciute, Victor Tkachev, Rafael Ponce, Cameron J Turtle, Jessica M Snyder, H Denny Liggitt, David Myerson, Luis Gonzalez-Cuyar, Audrey Baldessari, Chris English, Alison Yu, Hengqi Zheng, Scott N Furlan, Daniel J Hunt, Virginia Hoglund, Olivia Finney, Hannah Brakke, Bruce R Blazar, Carolina Berger, Stanley Riddell, Rebecca Gardner, Leslie S Kean, Michael C Jensen
Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) T cell immunotherapy has revolutionised the treatment of refractory leukemias and lymphomas, but is associated with significant toxicities, namely cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurotoxicity. A major barrier to developing therapeutics to prevent CAR T cell-mediated neurotoxicity is the lack of clinically relevant models. Accordingly, we developed a rhesus macaque (RM) model of neurotoxicity via adoptive transfer of autologous CD20-specific CAR T cells. Following cyclophosphamide lymphodepletion, CD20 CAR T cells expand to 272-4450 cells/µl after 7-8 days and elicit CRS and neurotoxicity...
March 21, 2018: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555653/treadmill-exercise-alleviates-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-by-suppressing-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-expression-and-enhancing-enos-in-streptozotocin-induced-male-diabetic-rats
#9
Wang Chengji, Fan Xianjin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biological mechanism of the effect of different intensity exercises on diabetic cardiomyopathy. METHODS: 87 male SPF 6-wks old male S-D rats, after 6 weeks high fat diet, diabetic model was established, randomly selected 43 divided into diabetic control group (DCG, n=10), low intensity group (LIG, n=11), moderate intensity group (MIG, n=11), and high-intensity group (HIG, n=11).The rats in LIG were forced to run on a motorized treadmill, the exercise load consisted of running at a speed of 10 meters/min, MIG were running 15 meters/min, HIG were running 20 meters/min, one hour a day for 6 weeks...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555588/cappariloside-a-shows-antiviral-and-better-anti-inflammatory-effects-against-influenza-virus-via-regulating-host-ifn-signaling-in-vitro-and-vivo
#10
Zhengtu Li, Junling Zhao, Hongxia Zhou, Li Li, Yuyang Ding, Jing Li, Beixian Zhou, Haiming Jiang, Nanshan Zhong, Wenhui Hu, Zifeng Yang
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and mechanisms of Cappariloside A, a chemically synthesized compound, against virus and inflammation induced by influenza virus. MAIN METHODS: The inhibitory activity of Cappariloside A against influenza virus was determined by plaque assay and cytopathic effect inhibition assay. Quantitative real-time PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Bio-Plex methods were used to quantify cytokine and chemokine expression profiles...
March 16, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554572/cytokine-and-soluble-adhesion-molecule-profiles-and-biomarkers-for-treatment-monitoring-in-re-treated-smear-positive-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#11
Xue-Juan Bai, Hong-Min Li, You-Rong Yang, Jun-Xian Zhang, Yan Liang, Xue-Qiong Wu
Relapse of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is associated with a failure of the host immune system to control the invading Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Severe immunodeficiency or immune disorders may be the main reason for TB recurrence. This study aimed to quantify serum inflammatory cytokine and soluble adhesion molecule levels in Re-treated smear-positive PTB patients before and after re-anti-TB drug therapy. Serum samples were collected from 30 healthy controls and 215 Treated active PTB patients at baseline and 2, 4, and 6 months post-re-treatment...
March 16, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551880/complication-rate-of-laparoscopic-hysterectomies-in-denmark-2011-2016
#12
Olav Istre, Dorthe Snejbjerg
Background and Objectives: After the U. S. Food and Drug Administration's recommendation against the use of power morcellation for tissue extraction in minimally invasive hysterectomy, the number of procedures completed laparoscopically declined in favor of open surgery laparotomy. We conducted a retrospective cohort study comparing perioperative and long-term outcomes, including complications associated with laparoscopic hysterectomy before and after the FDA recommendation. Methods: We included procedures performed in Danish government hospitals (GHs) and a hospital specializing in minimally invasive gynecological surgery (MIGS)...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543810/identification-of-plasma-biomarkers-for-discrimination-between-tuberculosis-infection-disease-and-pulmonary-non-tuberculosis-disease
#13
Marco Pio La Manna, Valentina Orlando, Paolo Li Donni, Guido Sireci, Paola Di Carlo, Antonio Cascio, Francesco Dieli, Nadia Caccamo
We used the Luminex Bead Array Multiplex Immunoassay to measure cytokines, chemokines and growth factors responses to the same antigens used for RD1-based Interferon γ Release Assay (IGRA) test. Seventy-nine individuals, 27 active TB, 32 latent infection subsets, 20 individuals derivative purified protein (PPD) negative (subjects that do not have any indurative cutaneous reaction after 72 hrs of intradermal injection of PPD) and with other pulmonary disease were retrospectively studied. Forty-eight analytes were evaluated by Luminex Assay in plasma obtained from whole blood stimulated cells...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541877/is-your-autonomic-function-good-enough-to-be-an-olympian-and-other-updates-on-recent-autonomic-research
#14
EDITORIAL
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513874/type-2-diabetes-alters-the-basal-phenotype-of-human-macrophages-and-diminishes-their-capacity-to-respond-internalise-and-control-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#15
Nallely Lopez-Lopez, Ana Gabriela Ramos Martinez, Mariana Haydee Garcia-Hernandez, Rogelio Hernandez-Pando, Julio Enrique Castañeda-Delgado, Geanncarlo Lugo-Villarino, Céline Cougoule, Olivier Neyrolles, Bruno Rivas-Santiago, Monica Alejandra Valtierra-Alvarado, Marisela Rubio-Caceres, Jose Antonio Enciso-Moreno, Carmen Judith Serrano
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for the development of tuberculosis (TB), although the associated mechanisms are not known. OBJECTIVES: To study the association between T2D and the basal phenotype of macrophages, and their immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. METHODS: We evaluated the influence of T2D on the response of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) to Mtb in patients with T2D (n = 10) compared to healthy subjects (n = 9), before and after infection with Mtb clinical isolates bearing different degrees of virulence...
February 19, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500714/-subconjunctival-minimally-invasive-glaucoma-surgery-methods-and-clinical-results
#16
REVIEW
M Lenzhofer, M Hohensinn, C Strohmaier, H A Reitsamer
Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) has been developed for all drainage pathways in glaucoma treatment. Besides implants overriding the resistance in the trabecular meshwork (iStent®, iStent Inject® [both Glaukos Germany GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany], Hydrus Microstent® [Ivantis, Irvine, CA, USA]) and draining to the suprachoroidal space (Cypass Micro Stent® [Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX, USA], iStent Supra® [Glaukos Germany GmbH]), surgeons can further drain aqueous humor into the subconjunctival space with a transscleral MIGS implant (XEN45® [Allergan Plc...
March 2, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476276/migraine-and-autonomic-dysfunction-which-is-the-horse-and-which-is-the-jockey
#17
REVIEW
Mitchell G Miglis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction are common in patients with migraine, both during and between migraine attacks. Studies evaluating objective autonomic testing in patients have found significant, though somewhat conflicting results. The purposes of this review are to summarize and interpret the key findings of these studies, including those evaluating heart rate variability, autonomic reflex testing, and functional imaging in patients with migraine. The neuroanatomy of the central autonomic network as it relates to migraine is also reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458703/a-case-of-narcolepsy-type-2-and-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-secondary-to-lesions-of-the-thalamus-and-amygdala
#18
Paul Kim, Emmanuel During, Mitchell Miglis
Although there are reports of narcolepsy type 1 caused by lesions of the central nervous system, there are far fewer reports of narcolepsy type 2 (NT2) caused by discrete brain lesions. We report a case of a patient in whom NT2 was diagnosed after a viral illness, and inflammatory lesions in the right thalamus and amygdala were found. In addition, symptoms of autonomic impairment developed and postural tachycardia syndrome was subsequently diagnosed in this patient. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of NT2 resulting from central nervous system lesions in these discrete locations, as well as the first reported case of postural tachycardia syndrome associated with narcolepsy...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454146/matching-trends-for-the-fellowship-in-minimally-invasive-gynecologic-surgery-fmigs-since-participation-in-the-national-residency-match-program-nrmp
#19
Maria V Vargas, Magdy P Milad
OBJECTIVE: To describe the level of interest in the fellowship in minimally invasive gynecologic surgery (FMIGS) using data from National Residency Match Program (NRMP) over the past 4 years. DESIGN: Retrospective report (Canadian Task Force Classification II-2) SETTING: Publically reported data from the NRMP PARTICIPANTS: Applicants using the NRMP to match into fellowship training. INTERVENTIONS: Reporting matching trends for the gynecologic surgical subspecialty programs starting in 2014, when the FMIGS programs started participating in the NRMP...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450147/lemongrass-cymbopogon-flexuosus-essential-oil-demonstrated-anti-inflammatory-effect-in-pre-inflamed-human-dermal-fibroblasts
#20
Xuesheng Han, Tory L Parker
Lemongrass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus ) essential oil (LEO), which has citral as its main component, has exhibited anti-inflammatory effect in both animal and human cells. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of a commercially available LEO in pre-inflamed human dermal fibroblasts. We first studied the impact of LEO on 17 protein biomarkers that are critically associated with inflammation and tissue remodeling. LEO significantly inhibited production of the inflammatory biomarkers vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), interferon gamma-induced protein 10 (IP-10), interferon-inducible T-cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), and monokine induced by gamma interferon (MIG); decreased levels of the tissue remodeling biomarkers collagen-I and III, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1); and inhibited the immunomodulatory biomarker macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)...
June 2017: Biochimie Open
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