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Cardiac rehabilitation and prevention health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388314/barriers-for-nonparticipation-and-dropout-of-women-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-a-systematic-review
#1
Davinia M Resurrección, Emma Motrico, Alina Rigabert, Maria Rubio-Valera, Sonia Conejo-Cerón, Luis Pastor, Patricia Moreno-Peral
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major health problem worldwide. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs are effective in reducing mortality and improving the quality of life of patients with CVD. Women are under-represented in CR and have a higher dropout rate than men. We aimed to systematically review the literature on barriers perceived by women with CVD affecting their nonparticipation in and/or dropping out from CR programs. METHODS: Systematic review was done using MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Open Grey, and Cochrane Database from inception to September 2016...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375548/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#2
REVIEW
Lindsey Anderson, Tricia T Nguyen, Christian H Dall, Laura Burgess, Charlene Bridges, Rod S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is considered to be the gold standard treatment for selected patients with end-stage heart disease when medical therapy has been unable to halt progression of the underlying pathology. Evidence suggests that aerobic exercise training may be effective in reversing the pathophysiological consequences associated with cardiac denervation and prevent immunosuppression-induced adverse effects in heart transplant recipients. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of exercise-based rehabilitation on the mortality, hospital admissions, adverse events, exercise capacity, health-related quality of life, return to work and costs for people after heart transplantation...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249831/negotiating-tensions-between-theory-and-design-in-the-development-of-mailings-for-people-recovering-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Holly O Witteman, Justin Presseau, Emily Nicholas Angl, Iffat Jokhio, J D Schwalm, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Beth Bosiak, Madhu K Natarajan, Noah M Ivers
BACKGROUND: Taking all recommended secondary prevention cardiac medications and fully participating in a formal cardiac rehabilitation program significantly reduces mortality and morbidity in the year following a heart attack. However, many people who have had a heart attack stop taking some or all of their recommended medications prematurely and many do not complete a formal cardiac rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to develop a user-centered, theory-based, scalable intervention of printed educational materials to encourage and support people who have had a heart attack to use recommended secondary prevention cardiac treatments...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#4
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196528/exploring-the-impact-of-financial-barriers-on-secondary-prevention-of-heart-disease
#5
Kirnvir K Dhaliwal, Kathryn King-Shier, Braden J Manns, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, James A Stone, David J T Campbell
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary artery disease experience various barriers which impact their ability to optimally manage their condition. Financial barriers may result in cost related non-adherence to medical therapies and recommendations, impacting patient health outcomes. Patient experiences regarding financial barriers remain poorly understood. Therefore, we used qualitative methods to explore the experience of financial barriers to care among patients with heart disease. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study of participants in Alberta, Canada with heart disease (n = 13) who perceived financial barriers to care...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096844/influence-of-an-extended-education-program-on-the-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Wojciech S Kapko, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Health education is a component of complex cardiac rehabilitation (CCR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of an authorial extended educational program on the knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects undergoing early in-hospital rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective study covered 205 consecutive subjects (153 men and 52 women, aged 62 ±9 years) undergoing CCR...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#7
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077225/age-does-matter-younger-ppci-patients-profit-more-from-cardiac-rehabilitation-than-older-patients
#8
Kimberley Pieters, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Nienke Ter Hoeve, Myrna van Geffen, Karolijn Dulfer, Madoka Sunamura, Ron T van Domburg
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended as secondary prevention in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) patients. This study was conducted to expand the knowledge about age-effects of CR in pPCI patients. The aim of this study was to compare changes in subjective health status (SHS) during and after CR between patients <60years and patients ≥60years, who underwent pPCI after myocardial infarction. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, in total 282 pPCI patients who participated in CR were included...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054410/betwixt-and-between-health-and-illness-women-s-narratives-following-acute-coronary-syndrome
#9
Rita Smith, Kate Frazer, Patricia Hall, Abbey Hyde, Laserina O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular is the main cause of mortality in women. Treatment modalities have improved health outcomes and survival rates, however, quality of life and ongoing morbidity after discharge is not clearly understood from a gender specific perspective. This study investigated experiences of women with a diagnosis of ACS in the 6 to 8 week period following discharge from hospital. The aim was to report their experiences of the mediating impact of a newly-diagnosed disease. METHODS AND DESIGN: Thirty women participated in this case study; a within-case analysis followed by a cross-case analysis provided meticulous knowledge of each case...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976594/a-qualitative-study-exploring-factors-that-influence-enrollment-in-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation
#10
Codie R Rouleau, Kathryn M King-Shier, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Sandeep G Aggarwal, Ross Arena, Tavis S Campbell
PURPOSE: This study explored patients' decision-making about whether or not to enroll in cardiac rehabilitation (CR), an underutilized program that is associated with significantly improved health outcomes. METHOD: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with acute coronary syndrome patients (n = 14) after referral to a local CR center, but prior to program enrollment. Thematic analysis was used to derive themes from interview transcripts. RESULTS: Three themes emerged including anticipated benefit, perceived ability, and contextual influences...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906920/the-electronic-tracking-of-referral-and-attendance-at-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-counties-manukau-health-a-potential-model-for-new-zealand
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Andy McLachlan, Fiona Doolan-Noble, Mildred Lee, Katherine McLean, Andrew J Kerr
AIM: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes for patients surviving an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) event are important and recommended by clinical guidelines. Referral and attendance, however, remain suboptimal and tracking both of these aspects to inform quality improvement has been difficult. The aim of this study was to describe the use of an electronic registry to capture referral and attendance at CR in CMH and to report the characteristics of the initial cohort. METHOD: We developed and implemented an electronic tracking tool, designed to be compatible with ANZAC-QI to monitor referral and attendance in a cohort of patients with confirmed ACS between 1 January 2013 and 1 January 2015...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865682/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-portugal-results-from-the-2013-14-national-survey
#12
Conceição Silveira, Ana Abreu
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs have evolved from being limited to exercise training to comprehensive secondary prevention programs. Given the solid scientific evidence supporting them, they are given a class I recommendation in the American and European guidelines for various cardiovascular diseases, but they continue to be underused in Portugal. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the situation of CR programs in Portugal in 2013-14 and to assess developments in recent years...
December 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847558/physical-activity-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-overview-updated
#13
REVIEW
Alberto J Alves, João L Viana, Suiane L Cavalcante, Nórton L Oliveira, José A Duarte, Jorge Mota, José Oliveira, Fernando Ribeiro
Although the observed progress in the cardiovascular disease treatment, the incidence of new and recurrent coronary artery disease remains elevated and constitutes the leading cause of death in the developed countries. Three-quarters of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases could be prevented with adequate changes in lifestyle, including increased daily physical activity. New evidence confirms that there is an inverse dose-response relationship between physical activity and cardiovascular disease and mortality risk...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817198/heart-of-the-tropics-delivering-evidence-based-care-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-northern-australia
#14
Greg Starmer, Ryan Schrale
Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are life-threatening medical emergencies that require urgent treatment, posing particular challenges for systems of health care in regional and remote parts of the world characterised by large distances and widely dispersed populations and healthcare facilities. Northern Australia is such an environment. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, coronary artery disease and ACS (myocardial infarction and unstable angina) in northern Australia is amongst the highest in Australia...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798509/multicenter-study-of-temporal-trends-in-the-achievement-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factor-goals-during-cardiac-rehabilitation
#15
Neil F Gordon, Richard D Salmon, Laurence S Sperling, Brenda S Wright, George C Faircloth, Terri L Gordon, Martin R Berk, Melvyn Rubenfire, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: Secondary prevention risk factor goals have been established by the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology, and the American Heart Association has further delineated ideal cardiovascular health metrics. We evaluated risk factor goal achievement during early-outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and temporal trends in risk factor control. METHODS: Patients completed assessments on entry into and exit from CR at 35 centers between 2000 and 2009 and were categorized into 3 cohorts: entire (N = 12 984), 2000-2004 (n = 5468), and 2005-2009 (n = 7516) cohorts...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748471/what-to-do-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-cardiovascular-prevention
#16
Margaret Cupples, Neil Heron
This paper will review the current role of general practitioners (GPs) in providing cardiovascular prevention for patients after attendance at a cardiac rehabilitation program. Long-term implementation of preventive strategies is needed for continued impact on reducing risk of cardiovascular events and GPs have a major role in providing ongoing continuing medical care. Awareness of patients' social, cultural and physical circumstances allows the GP to identify individuals' needs for support in engaging in secondary prevention: relevant brief interventions can promote behaviour change in physical activity, diet and smoking habits, as well as promoting mental health and adherence to optimal medical therapy...
October 14, 2016: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692116/ensuring-cardiac-rehabilitation-access-for-the-majority-of-those-in-need-a-call-to-action-for-canada
#17
REVIEW
Sherry L Grace, Karam Turk-Adawi, Carolina Santiago de Araújo Pio, David A Alter
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a proven model of secondary prevention. Indicated cardiac conditions for CR are well established, and participation of these patients results in significantly lower mortality and morbidity when compared with usual care. There are approximately 170 CR programs in Canada, which varies widely by province. There is a grossly insufficient capacity to treat all patients with cardiac indications in Canada and beyond. The density of CR services is about half that in the United States, at 1 program per 208,823 inhabitants or 1 program per 7779 patients with cardiac disease...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631118/employment-status-and-sick-leave-after-first-time-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation-results-from-the-cope-icd-trial
#18
Anne Vinggaard Christensen, Anne Alexandrine Øhlers, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Jesper Hastrup Svendsen, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
BACKGROUND: In the Copenhagen Outpatient Programme-Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (COPE-ICD) Trial, a positive effect from a cost-saving, comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program was found on physical and mental health in patients with ICDs. OBJECTIVE: In the context of the COPE-ICD Trial, the aims of this study is to investigate (a) employment status after ICD implantation, (b) the number of sick days related to ICD implantation, (c) differences in employment status and sick days between rehabilitation and usual care groups, and (d) predictors of employment status and sick leave...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596569/smartphone-based-early-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-smart-rehab-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#19
Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583372/secondary-prevention-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-primer
#20
Alexander Kulik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the benefits of surgical coronary revascularization, patients continue to be at risk for ischemic events in the years that follow coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), mandating the role for postoperative secondary preventive therapy. The purpose of this review was to present a summary on the subject of secondary prevention after CABG, including an overview of a recently published scientific statement, and highlight the newest studies in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Aspirin and statin therapy continue to be the mainstay of secondary prevention after CABG, although newer antiplatelet and lipid-lowering medicines are being actively studied for their potential benefits...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
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