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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#1
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896037/functional-evaluation-of-patients-undergoing-multiple-joint-replacements-a-retrospective-study-of-50-patients-with-a-minimum-of-six-months-of-follow-up
#2
Shubhranshu S Mohanty, Nandan Mishra, Prateek Patil, Ajinkya Desale
INTRODUCTION:  Polyarthritis is a challenging condition that an orthopedic surgeon faces in day-to-day practice. Some of the conditions where multiple joints are affected are rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Multiple joint afflictions can cause severe impairment in the quality of life, which leads to a significant socioeconomic burden on the family and society. Joint replacement is considered as a treatment when severe joint pain or dysfunction is not alleviated by conservative management...
October 15, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874912/corticosteroid-injections-a-review-of-sex-related-side-effects
#3
Emily M Brook, Caroline H Hu, Kiera A Kingston, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Corticosteroid injections are used as a nonoperative modality to combat acute inflammation when conservative treatments fail. As female patients are regularly seen by orthopedic physicians, it is essential to identify and understand potential sex-related side effects. The aim of this article is to examine available literature for sex-related side effects of orthopedic-related corticosteroid injections. Although the incidence is low, sex-related side effects, such as abnormal menstruation, lactation disturbances, facial flushing, and hirsutism, are associated with corticosteroid injections...
November 22, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842935/surgical-treatment-results-for-flexible-flatfoot-in-adolescents
#4
Necip Selcuk Yontar, Tahir Ogut, Mehmet Fatih Guven, Huseyin Botanlioglu, Gokhan Kaynak, Ata Can
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic flexible pes planus (IFPP) is a common foot problem in adolescents and young adults. Hypothesis for the present study was that combination of procedures for IFPP can achieve results in adolescents and young adults that are as good as those seen in adult-acquired pes planovalgus (AAPP) treatment in adults. METHODS: A total of 21 feet of 18 patients (10 boys, 8 girls) with mean age of 15.6 years underwent surgical reconstruction for flatfoot deformity...
November 11, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792119/cervical-decompression-surgery-for-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-and-concomitant-hypertension-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Liang Yang, Cheng Yang, Xiaodong Pang, Duanming Li, Xiongsheng Chen, Jiangang Shi, Xuhui Zhou, Ye Wu, Xiang Lu, Hong Yang, Lianshun Jia, Baogan Peng
STUDY DESIGN: We performed decompression surgery or conservative treatments on 135 cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) patients with concomitant hypertension and did follow-up assessments up to 1 year to exam the change of blood pressure, spinal cord function and cervical pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether concomitant hypertension is relieved after decompression surgery, and whether it is related to the improvement of spinal cord function or cervical pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In clinical practice, we often found that some patients with CSM have concomitant hypertension...
October 25, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785469/bracing-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais-and-scheuermann-kyphosis-the-issue-of-overtreatment-in-greece
#6
Nikos S Karavidas
BACKGROUND: Most recent publications have provided evidence for brace treatment in spinal deformities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rate of overtreatment for AIS and Kyphosis in Greece, according to the Society on Scoliosis Orthopedic Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) and the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) guidelines for brace treatment. To date, this is the first study to investigate overtreatment percentage in a group of patients with spinal deformities. METHODS: Cross-sectional study design and data analysis were performed in a group of patients that received treatment in a private clinic, in 2014...
2016: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746490/iliotibial-band-syndrome-following-hip-arthroscopy-an-unreported-complication
#7
Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, María Galán, Pedro Alvarez-Diaz, Oscar Ares, Ramón Cugat
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is considered a safe procedure, considering the relatively low rate of complications. Despite several complications have been described following this surgical procedure, the present event has not yet been described. The purpose of the present study is to report an unpublished complication following hip arthroscopy, after reviewing 162 hip arthroscopies and finding iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) in the knee during followup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 162 hip arthroscopies performed between September 2007 and June 2011 was carried out, evaluating patients who presented ITBS during followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726742/postoperative-shoulder-imaging-rotator-cuff-labrum-and-biceps-tendon
#8
Jennifer L Pierce, Nicholas C Nacey, Stephen Jones, Davis Rierson, Brian Etier, Stephen Brockmeier, Mark W Anderson
Imaging interpretation of the postoperative shoulder is a challenging and difficult task for both the radiologist and the orthopedic surgeon. The increasing number of shoulder rotator cuff, labrum, and biceps tendon repairs performed in the United States also makes this task a frequent occurrence. Whether treatment is surgical or conservative, imaging plays a crucial role in patient care. Many imaging findings can be used to predict prognosis and functional outcomes, ultimately affecting treatment. In addition, evolving surgical techniques alter the normal anatomy and imaging appearance of the shoulder such that accepted findings proved to be pathologic in the preoperative setting cannot be as readily described as pathologic after surgery...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726423/plantar-fasciitis-a-comparison-of-treatment-with-intralesional-steroids-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-a-randomized-blinded-study
#9
Carlos Acosta-Olivo, Jorge Elizondo-Rodriguez, Ricardo Lopez-Cavazos, Felix Vilchez-Cavazos, Mario Simental-Mendia, Oscar Mendoza-Lemus
BACKGROUND: Many treatment options for plantar fasciitis currently exist, some with great success in pain relief. The objective of our study was to compare the use of intralesional steroids with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), using pain scales and functional evaluation, in patients with plantar fasciitis who did not respond to conservative treatment. METHODS: A controlled, randomized, blinded clinical assay was performed. Patients were assigned to one of the two groups by selecting a sealed envelope...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648577/chronic-quadriceps-tendon-rupture-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-augmented-with-synthetic-mesh
#10
Amaia Ormaza, Jesús Moreta, Javier Mosquera, Oskar Sáez de Ugarte, José Luis Martinez-de Los Mozos
Tear of the quadriceps tendon after revision or primary total knee arthroplasty is a rare complication, but when it occurs, this injury has serious functional consequences. In complete tears, the outcome of direct repair is unpredictable, and several authors recommend that the suture should be reinforced. Several techniques have been described, including the use of autografts, allografts, and synthetic mesh. The goal of this study was to assess the outcomes of a reconstruction technique augmented with synthetic mesh...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627777/-charcot-arthropathy-and-diabetic-foot
#11
E López-Gavito, P Parra-Téllez, J Vázquez-Escamilla
Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic degenerative disease, which currently is taking on alarming proportions in the population of our country. Neuropathic arthropathy is one of the most interesting degenerative joint disorders and increasingly common within the orthopedic pathology. It is defined as a progressive degenerative arthropathy, chronic and affecting one or more peripheral joints, and develops as a result of the lack of sensory perception normal in the innervation of joints. As a result the joints of the feet are subjected to trauma and repetitive injury causing a neurotraumatic effect with progressive damage to the joints of the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot...
January 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627563/long-term-results-of-neurectomy-through-a-dorsal-approach-in-the-treatment-of-morton-s-neuroma
#12
Paweł Reichert, Krzysztof Zimmer, Jarosław Witkowski, Witold Wnukiewicz, Sebastian Kuliński, Jerzy Gosk
BACKGROUND: Morton's neuroma, a painful enlargement of the plantar digital nerve between the metatarsal heads, is a common cause of metatarsalgia. The etiology and treatment are still a controversial matter. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term follow-up results of neurectomy through a dorsal approach and to identify prognostic factors that can affect the final outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 41 patients who were treated for Morton's neuroma...
March 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598354/osteonecrosis-in-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Zan A Naseer, Malick Bachabi, Lynne C Jones, Robert S Sterling, Harpal S Khanuja
Osteonecrosis is one of the most devastating musculoskeletal manifestations of sickle cell disease and most commonly affects the femoral head. Although the exact pathophysiology of this condition in patients with sickle cell disease is unknown, it is suggested that red cell sickling and repetitive vaso-occlusion may be associated with tissue hypoxia, inflammation, and subsequent bone necrosis and collapse. If left untreated, osteonecrosis can be extremely debilitating and may lead to severe pain, loss of function, and degenerative joint changes...
September 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596554/-comparison-of-results-between-fenestration-discectomy-associated-with-annulus-repair-and-fenestration-discectomy-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-in-the-adolescents
#14
J Li, C Ma, Y M Li, Z H Wang, M Zhao, J Feng, W X Dai
OBJECTIVE: To compare the preliminary clinical outcomes of fenestration discectomy associated with annulus repair (FDAR) and fenestration discectomy (FD) for lumbar disc herniation in the adolescents. METHODS: The data of 26 adolescent patients with single segment lumbar disc herniation who were admitted to the Department of Orthopedics, Xuzhou Central Hospital from October 2012 to October 2014 were retrospectively studied. All patients were divided into 2 groups, including 12 patients undergoing FDAR and 14 patients undergoing FD respectively...
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560643/traction-injury-of-the-brachial-plexus-confused-with-nerve-injury-due-to-interscalene-brachial-block-a-case-report
#15
Francisco Ferrero-Manzanal, Raquel Lax-Pérez, Roberto López-Bernabé, José Ramiro Betancourt-Bastidas, Alvaro Iñiguez de Onzoño-Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder surgery is often performed with the patient in the so called "beach-chair position" with elevation of the upper part of the body. The anesthetic procedure can be general anesthesia and/or regional block, usually interscalenic brachial plexus block. We present a case of brachial plexus palsy with a possible mechanism of traction based on the electromyographic and clinical findings, although a possible contribution of nerve block cannot be excluded. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: We present a case of a 62 year-old female, that suffered from shoulder fracture-dislocation...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544989/-clinical-and-arthroscopic-findings-in-meniscal-injury-and-knee-instability-a-prospective-study
#16
Ezequiel Palmanovich, Amir Manor, Iftach Hetsroni, Niv Marom, Alexander Finsterbush, Uri Frankl, Joseph Lowe, Gideon Mann
INTRODUCTION: Medical history and physical examination are expected to provide the basic knowledge allowing diagnosis of a disease and thus enabling to plan the course of treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine this hypothesis by comparing pre-operative diagnosis of meniscal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries to final surgical findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively compared the pre-surgical diagnosis to the arthroscopic findings in 753 arthroscopic procedures...
June 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532280/research-in-osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-knee-2016-update
#17
Jeffrey J Nepple, Matthew D Milewski, Kevin G Shea
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee remains a relatively common and poorly understood pediatric and adolescent knee condition. Both conservative and surgical treatments have major impact on the lives of young active, athletic patients with knee OCD. OCD has been recently redefined as a "focal, idiopathic alteration of subchondral bone with risk for instability and disruption of adjacent articular cartilage that may result in premature osteoarthritis." The 2011 American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines found limited evidence for all aspects of the treatment of knee OCD...
October 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525185/chronic-ucl-injury-a-multimodal-approach-to-correcting-altered-mechanics-and-improving-healing-in-a-college-athlete-a-case-report
#18
Rachel Patrick, Josh McGinty, Ann Lucado, Beth Collier
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears and associated Tommy Johns surgical intervention from excessive and poor quality pitching has increased immensely-with more college and professional pitchers undergoing the surgery in 2014 alone than in the 1990s as a whole.(1) Faulty mechanics developed at young ages are often well-engrained by the late adolescent years and the minimal healing ability of the largely avascular UCL often leads to delayed safe return to sport.(2). PURPOSE: The purpose of this case study was to describe an innovative, multimodal approach to conservative management of a chronic UCL injury in a college-aged baseball pitcher...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509482/bilateral-femoral-neck-fractures-associated-with-complex-pelvic-ring-injuries-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#19
Brandon Scott, Brandon Taylor, Joseph R Shung, Prasit Nimityongskul
: Femoral neck and pelvic fractures are rarely encountered in the pediatric population secondary to the resilient nature of the immature skeleton. Both fracture types usually result from high-energy blunt trauma including motor vehicle collisions, motor vehicle-pedestrian accidents, and falls from height. Considerable studies have been published on the natural history, management, and complications of pediatric pelvis and femoral neck fractures. However, few case reports have documented both fracture types in the same patient...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476731/rotator-cuff-repair-is-there-any-role-for-acromioplasty
#20
Mohsen Mardani-Kivi, Ali Karimi, Sohrab Keyhani, Keyvan Hashemi-Motlagh, Khashayar Saheb-Ekhtiari
OBJECTIVES: Acromioplasty has been one of the most common techniques amongst orthopedic surgeries in the past decade. However, its efficacy in arthroscopic surgeries of rotator cuff repair is still debatable. The purpose of this study is to compare the arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with or without acromioplasty in patients with complete rotator cuff tear. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, patients with complete rotator cuff tear (acromion type II or III Bigliani) and a history of failure to the conservative treatment for at least 6 months were evaluated for eligibility...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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