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orthopedic conservative treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600213/rotatory-subluxation-and-facet-deformity-in-the-atlanto-occipital-joint-in-patients-with-chronic-atlantoaxial-rotatory-fixation-two-case-reports
#1
Masafumi Kashii, Kenta Masuhara, Takashi Kaito, Motoki Iwasaki
Introduction: The relationship between the morphometry of atlantoaxial joint and chronic atlantoaxial rotatory fixation (AARF) is well known, but disorders in the atlanto-occipital joint in chronic AARF are not fully elucidated. The authors report two rare cases of secondary deformities in the atlanto-occipital joint in chronic AARF. Case Reports: Two patients with chronic AARF were treated with closed manipulation, skull traction and halo-vest immobilization. Clinical outcomes and radiographs were reviewed retrospectively, focusing on pathological changes in the atlanto-occipital joint using multiplanar reconstruction computed tomography and three-dimensional computed tomography images...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557490/anatomy-and-injuries-of-the-pediatric-wrist-beyond-the-basics
#2
REVIEW
Ezekiel Maloney, Andrew M Zbojniewicz, Jie Nguyen, Yu Luo, Mahesh M Thapa
Ligamentous injuries of the pediatric wrist, once thought to be relatively uncommon, are increasingly recognized in the context of acute high-energy mechanism trauma and chronic axial loading, including those encountered in both recreational and high-performance competitive sports. Recent advances in MR-based techniques for imaging the pediatric wrist allow for sensitive identification of these often radiographically occult injuries. Detailed knowledge of the intrinsic and supportive extrinsic ligamentous complexes, as well as normal developmental anatomy and congenital variation, are essential to accurately diagnose injuries to these structures...
March 20, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502995/epidemiology-treatment-and-outcomes-of-acute-limb-ischemia-in-the-pediatric-population
#3
Sungho Lim, Michael J Javorski, Pegge M Halandras, Paul C Kuo, Bernadette Aulivola, Paul Crisostomo
OBJECTIVE: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) in a pediatric patient is a rare condition but may result in lifelong disability. A paucity of evidence exists to derive treatment guidelines; some surgeons advocate conservative management over invasive measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of surgical revascularization in the pediatric population and outcomes of conservative vs surgical management. METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (California, Iowa, and New York) between 2007 and 2013 was queried using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477003/effects-of-treatment-of-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-without-fracture-and-dislocation-in-a-medium-to-long-term-follow-up-study
#4
Jianping Wang, Jingfeng Li, Lin Cai
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical effects of cervical spinal cord injury without fracture and dislocation (CSCIWFD) treatment in a medium to long-term follow-up study. The clinical treatment of CSCIWFD is also discussed. METHODS: A consecutive series of 42 CSCIWFD patients with complete follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 9 received conservative treatment and 33 underwent surgical treatment from June 2009 to March 2013...
February 21, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464750/inhibition-of-adam10-in-satellite-cells-accelerates-muscle-regeneration-following-muscle-injury
#5
Sakiko Mizuno, Masaki Yoda, Masayuki Shimoda, Kazuhiro Chiba, Masaya Nakamura, Keisuke Horiuchi
Muscle injury is one of the most common orthopedic and sports disorders. For severe cases, surgical repair may be indicated; however, other than immobilization and the administration of anti-inflammatory drugs there is currently no effective conservative treatment for this condition. Satellite cells (SCs) are muscle-specific stem cells and are indispensable for muscle regeneration after muscle injury. SCs are activated upon muscle injury to proliferate and differentiate into myoblasts, which subsequently fuse into myofibers and regenerate the damaged muscle...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424164/-research-progress-on-the-etiology-and-treatment-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Li-Hua Cui
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common diseases that cause pain in the knee joint. At present, there is no specific diagnostic measure. The diagnosis of patellofemoral pain syndrome may be considered when imaging is performed without cartilage, ligament and soft tissue injuries. The etiology includes abnormalities of the patellar motion caused by various anatomical abnormalities, such as abnormal patellar position, increased Q angle, and excessive valgus foot. Dysfunction of the lower extremity muscles such as the imbalance of the four biceps and the dysfunction of the gluteal muscles also play an important role in the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369191/comparison-of-surgical-and-conservative-treatment-of-rockwood-type-iii-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Guolong Tang, Yu Zhang, Yuan Liu, Xiaodong Qin, Jun Hu, Xiang Li
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the effects of surgical versus conservative treatment on Rockwood type-III dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint in general orthopedic practice. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients managed surgically and conservatively following type-III acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE via Ovid SP, and PubMed databases were searched for randomized controlled trials and observational studies...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322267/association-of-decision-making-in-spinal-surgery-with-specialty-and-emotional-involvement-the-indications-in-spinal-surgery-indiana-survey
#8
Nico Sollmann, Carmen Morandell, Lucia Albers, Michael Behr, Alexander Preuss, Andreas Dinkel, Bernhard Meyer, Sandro M Krieg
BACKGROUND: Although recent trials provided level I evidence for the most common degenerative lumbar spinal disorders, treatment still varies widely. Thus, the Indications in Spinal Surgery (INDIANA) survey explores whether decision-making is influenced by specialty or personal emotional involvement of the treating specialist. METHOD: Nationwide, neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons specialized in spine surgery were asked to answer an Internet-based questionnaire with typical clinical patient cases of lumbar disc herniation (DH), lumbar spinal stenosis (SS), and lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (SL)...
March 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309717/bucket-handle-tear-of-the-medial-meniscus-in-a-2-year-old-child
#9
Kyle Fink, Neil Kaushal, Jordan Gross, Himanshu Patel, Damon Delbello
Bucket-handle meniscal tears are extremely rare injuries in the pediatric population. Given the known sequelae of meniscal tears and the development of osteoarthritis, early diagnosis and treatment of pediatric meniscal tears are essential. The communication barrier between physicians and pediatric patients, however, creates difficulties in making the correct diagnosis of meniscal pathology. Providers should have a low threshold for obtaining further confirmatory advanced imaging if patients present with prolonged knee pain and swelling, with associated locking mechanical symptoms...
January 8, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274860/primary-pyomyositis-in-children
#10
M M Elzohairy
BACKGROUND: Pyomyositis (PM) is defined as a primary pyogenic infection of the striated skeletal muscle; although it has many dystrophic musculoskeletal complications, it is always misdiagnosed by many orthopedic surgeons. HYPOTHESIS: PM is rare in temperate climates and usually considered to be a tropical disease, until recent times, after globalization, it is possible to occur in the subtropical climate as in our country. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present series, the results of 15 children patients with primary pyomyositis have been reviewed...
December 22, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239540/-clavicle-fracture-what-s-new-in-2017
#11
Benoît Maeder, Patrick Goetti, Frédéric Vauclair
Clavicle fracture is a common injury for the general practitioner, the accident and emergency department doctor and the orthopedic trauma surgeon. Historically, most clavicle fractures were treated conservatively. During the last two decades, clinical studies have shown higher rates of nonunion or symptomatic malunion than previously thought. These publications lead to an increase in surgical management of clavicle fractures. However, recent randomized controlled trials failed to confirm any strong clinical outcome improvement after surgical treatment...
December 13, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234662/surgical-treatment-of-rectus-femoris-injury-in-soccer-playing-athletes-report-of-two-cases
#12
Leandro Girardi Shimba, Gabriel Carmona Latorre, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Diego Costa Astur, Carlos Vicente Andreoli
Muscle injury is the most common injury during sport practice. It represents 31% of all lesions in soccer, 16% in track and field, 10.4% in rugby, 17.7% in basketball, and between 22% and 46% in American football. The cicatrization with the formation of fibrotic tissue can compromise the muscle function, resulting in a challenging problem for orthopedics. Although conservative treatment presents adequate functional results in the majority of the athletes who have muscle injury, the consequences of treatment failure can be dramatic, possibly compromising the return to sport practice...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228056/back-and-neck-pain-and-function-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-follow-up-at-least-23-years-after-conservative-treatment-with-a-milwaukee-brace
#13
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Adam Okręt, Maria Laurentowska, Maciej Głowacki
We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of back and neck pain and functionality in adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), who had been treated with a Milwaukee brace, in a follow-up study a minimum of 23 years after the completion of the treatment, using radiological, clinical and socio-demographical data. Thirty AIS patients (scoliosis group-SG), were included in the study based on an extensive search of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic charts. All treatments were successfully completed between 1974 and 1990...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223709/bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle-treated-with-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-a-clinical-and-mri-retrospective-comparative-study
#14
Matteo Vitali, Nadim Naim Rodriguez, Alberto Pedretti, Andreas Drossinos, Pierluigi Pironti, Gaia Di Carlo, Gianfranco Fraschini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of bone marrow edema (BME) of the medial condyle of the knee. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Orthopedic Surgery outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Symptomatic patients (N=56) affected by BME of the medial condyle of the knee. Patients were equally divided into an ESWT-treated group and a control group, which was managed conservatively...
December 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218129/pubic-symphysis-diastasis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Jaya Jethra Chawla, Devendra Arora, Namrita Sandhu, Megha Jain, Anju Kumari
Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. The usual presentation is that of something giving way in the region of the symphysis pubis sometimes with an audible crack at the time of delivery. Unbearable pain on moving from side-to-side and on performing any weight-bearing activity (such as walking or climbing stairs) precludes ambulation in the immediate postpartum period. This could be accompanied by disruption of the sacroiliac joint, hemorrhage, or urine incontinence in severe cases...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202926/impingement-syndrome-of-the-shoulder
#16
Christina Garving, Sascha Jakob, Isabel Bauer, Rudolph Nadjar, Ulrich H Brunner
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is the third most common musculoskeletal complaint in orthopedic practice. It is usually due to a defect of the rotator cuff and/or an impingement syndrome. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent literature retrieved by a selective search of the Medline database. RESULTS: Patients with shoulder impingement syndrome suffer from painful entrapment of soft tissue whenever they elevate the arm. The pathological mechanism is a structural narrowing in the subacromial space...
November 10, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202567/the-use-of-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-ankle-osteoarthritis-a-review-of-the-evidence
#17
R Papalia, E Albo, F Russo, A Tecame, G Torre, S Sterzi, F Bressi, V Denaro
Ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive degenerative joint disease that causes ankle pain and functional limitation especially during walking. It tends to involve younger people with high functional request and has often a post-traumatic origin. Symptoms control through conservative treatment is essential to procrastinate as long as possible the need for surgery. Although few data are present in literature about the use of local viscosupplementation in ankle OA, their potential use for ankle OA has been suggested...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181586/-indications-for-joint-replacement-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
S Rahm, P O Zingg
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a very successful and effective orthopedic operation with very good immediate as well as long-term results to alleviate pain and improve health-related quality of life. A THA is indicated in end-stage hip osteoarthritis with a high degree of persistent suffering when conservative treatment has failed and in patients who wish a THA. This statement is generally valid for patients where the medical history, clinical examination and radiographic findings are conclusive, the pressure of suffering and the expectations are realistic...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138658/-femoral-varising-osteotomy-by-external-opening-for-the-treatment-of-lateral-femorotibial-gonarthroses-associated-with-idiopathic-genu-valgum-a-retrospective-a-study-of-10-cases
#19
Asma Ben Cheikh, Mahmoud Ben Maitigue, Karim Masmoudi, Thabet Mouelhi, Nader Naouar, Yamen Grissa, Karim Bouattour, Walid Osman, Mohamed Laziz Ben Ayeche
Femoral varus osteotomy is a conservative treatment for external single-compartment gonarthrosis. This surgical procedure is little used and outcomes are little studied.This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiological results of femoral varising osteotomy in subjects with external femorotibial gonarthrosis associated with idiopathic genu valgum whose data were recorded over a period of 21 years (1992- 2013) in the Department of Orthopedics at Sahloul University Hospital, Sousse. The clinical evaluation of patients was performed using the IKS score (International Knee Society)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099471/is-an-operation-always-needed-for-pediatric-triplane-fractures-preliminary-results
#20
Seung Min Ryu, Jae Woo Park, Se Dong Kim, Chul Hyun Park
We compared the outcomes of nonoperative and operative treatments of triplane fractures. Thirty-three patients with triplane fractures were treated conservatively (n=19) or surgically (n=14). Bone union and postoperative complications were radiographically examined. The mean American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society scores were 100 (nonoperative group) and 98.1 (operative group) (P=0.304). The modified Weber protocol scores were excellent in both groups. One patient in each group showed a leg-length discrepancy of more than 10 mm at the last follow-up...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
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