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Rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery

Andreas Ficklscherer, Jonas Stapf, Kay Michael Meissner, Thomas Niethammer, Matthias Lahner, Markus Wagenhäuser, Peter E Müller, Matthias F Pietschmann
INTRODUCTION: The Nintendo Wii game console is already used as an additional training device for e.g. neurological wards. Still there are limited data available regarding orthopedic rehabilitation. The authors' objective was to examine whether the Nintendo Wii is an appropriate and safe tool in rehabilitation after orthopedic knee surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study comparing standard physiotherapy vs. standard physiotherapy plus game console training (Wii group) in patients having anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair or knee arthroplasty was conducted...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Anita Ten Hagen, Pieter Doldersum, Tom van Raaij
BACKGROUND: Cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a safe and common procedure. In rare cases life threatening bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) may occur, which is commonly caused by pulmonary embolism (PE). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the rare case of a 70-year old patient who underwent an elective total hip replacement. Before surgery he was diagnosed with underlying systemic indolent mastocytosis, a rare pathological disorder that may result in anaphylaxis after massive systemic mast cell activation...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
Roberto Seijas, Andrea Sallent, María Galán, Pedro Alvarez-Diaz, Oscar Ares, Ramón Cugat
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy is considered a safe procedure, considering the relatively low rate of complications. Despite several complications have been described following this surgical procedure, the present event has not yet been described. The purpose of the present study is to report an unpublished complication following hip arthroscopy, after reviewing 162 hip arthroscopies and finding iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) in the knee during followup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 162 hip arthroscopies performed between September 2007 and June 2011 was carried out, evaluating patients who presented ITBS during followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
G A A Rebagliati, L Sciumè, P Iannello, A Mottini, A Antonietti, V A Caserta, V Gattoronchieri, Lorenzo Panella, Camilla Callegari
Hip fracture is common in the elderly and it is usually associated with comorbidities and physiological changes which may have an impact on functioning and quality of life. The concept of resilience may explain why this impact varies among patients. The aim of this open, prospective cohort study was to explore the relationships between resilience, frailty and quality of life in orthopedic rehabilitation patients, and also to assess whether these factors might affect rehabilitation outcome. Eighty-one patients, older than 60 years, underwent a multidisciplinary assessment at the beginning and at the end of the rehabilitation period following orthopedic surgery to the lower limb...
July 2016: Functional Neurology
Patricia Ribinik, Ahcene Aimar, Antoinette Ngonde Njoh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interest of social insurance preliminary agreement to enter PRM ward for patients after orthopedic surgery in Gonesse hospital. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 01/01/15 to 06/30/15 went to PRM ward (inpatient or day hospital rehabilitation) 16 patients after TKA, 20 patients including 3 femoral neck fracture after THA, 3 patients after anterior cruciate knee ligamentoplasty and 3 patients with cuff tear surgery. At entrance, we assess patient's pain, mobility, personal and environmental factors upon Sofmer-Fedmer, MSAP and HAS standards...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Caroline Radot, Marion Fiat, Malak Fahny, Naima Brennetot
OBJECTIVE: Fibular hemimelia or longitudinal fibular deficiency is the most frequent congenital malformation of lower limbs. It causes sometimes major limbs shortening. Different treatments could be considered depending on the severity of the malformation: contralateral epiphysiodesis, corrective foot and knee osteotomies, leg-lengthening surgery with external fixation, prosthesis. For the most severe cases (15-20cm bone length discrepancies or unstable knee or foot), leg-lengthening surgery with external fixation is not recommended...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ahmed Kayssi, Steven Dilkas, Derry L Dance, Charles de Mestral, Thomas L Forbes, Graham Roche-Nagle
BACKGROUND: The heterogeneity of medical complications that lead to amputation has resulted in a diverse patient population with differing rehabilitation needs; however, the rehabilitation trends for patients with lower extremity amputations across Canada have not been studied previously. OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in rehabilitation after lower extremity amputations and the factors affecting rehabilitation length of stay in Canada. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis...
September 21, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Tabata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, Diego Monteiro de Melo Lucena, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the evolution of patients subject to physical treatment based on guidelines of functional rehabilitation after surgery anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: This is a prospective study of 177 patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury, who underwent surgery and physical therapy guideline conducted in an orthopedic clinic in São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. The clinical evolution of patients was made according to Lysholm and IKDC questionnaire on the 1st day after surgery with 30, 90 and 180 days of treatment...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Ulla Riis Madsen, Ami Hommel, Carina Bååth, Connie Bøttcher Berthelsen
INTRODUCTION: Although the group of vascular leg amputated patients constitutes some of the most vulnerable and frail on the orthopedic wards, previous research of amputated patients has focused on patients attending gait training in rehabilitation facilities leaving the patient experience shortly after surgery unexplored. Understanding patients' behavior shortly after amputation could inform health professionals in regard to how these vulnerable patients' needs at hospital can be met as well as how to plan for care post-discharge...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Ye Li, Xiang-Hong Guan, Rui Wang, Bin Li, Bo Ning, Wei Su, Tao Sun, Hong-Yan Li
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the preventive value of active ankle movements in the formation of lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT), attempting to develop a new method for rehabilitation nursing after orthopedic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomly assigned 193 patients undergoing orthopedic surgery in the lower limbs into a case group (n=96) and a control group (n=97). The control group received routine nursing while the case group performed active ankle movements in addition to receiving routine nursing...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
John Prodromo, Justin Rackley, Mary K Mulcahey
Obesity represents a unique challenge in orthopaedic surgery, the impact of which is seen through all phases of injury: in the development of disease, during the operative procedure, and throughout the rehabilitation period. Given the high prevalence of obesity in the United States and around the world, this patient population represents a substantial proportion of patients in need of orthopedic care. The effects of this disease constrain both medical and financial resources. For obese patients undergoing orthopedic procedures, adequate steps must be taken to minimize the risks that occur before, during, and after surgical intervention...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Steven L Bokshan, Alex L Han, J Mason DePasse, Adam E M Eltorai, Stephen E Marcaccio, Mark A Palumbo, Alan H Daniels
Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass associated with aging and advanced disease. This study retrospectively examined patients older than 55 years (N=46) who underwent thoracolumbar spine surgery between 2003 and 2015. Each patient's comorbidity burden was determined using the Charlson Comorbidity Index, and the Mirza Surgical Invasiveness Index was used to measure procedural complexity. Sarcopenia was diagnosed by measuring the total cross-sectional area of the psoas muscle at the L4 vertebrae using perioperative computed tomography scans...
November 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Sonia V Joubert, Manuel A Duarte
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who presented with symptoms of exercise-induced compartment syndrome and was later referred for bilateral fasciotomy surgery. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 21-year-old patient presented for chiropractic care with the inability to run due to foot paresthesia and weakness. An exertion test and compartment pressure test diagnosed exercise-induced compartment syndrome. Exertion test and compartment pressure test were used to identify and diagnose exercise-induced compartment syndrome...
June 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Jason A Solomon, Sheeba M Joseph, Yousef Shishani, Brian N Victoroff, John H Wilber, Reuben Gobezie, Robert J Gillespie
Complex proximal humerus fractures in older patients can be treated with hemiarthroplasty (HA) or reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA), with both providing good pain relief and function. This study compared the costs, complications, and outcomes of HA vs RSA after proximal humerus fracture in older patients. Patients 65 years or older who were admitted between January 2007 and August 2011 with a 3- or 4-part proximal humerus fracture and treated with HA or RSA were identified. Surgeries were performed at the same institution by 1 of 3 surgeons trained in trauma or shoulder surgery...
January 0: Orthopedics
Hu Ren, Fajing Liu, Dahai Yu, Jianhui Cao, Yong Shen, Ximing Li, Shuo Pan
STUDY DESIGN: The pattern of neurological recovery in the overall modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, upper limb function score, and lower limb function score after surgical decompression for patients suffering from multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) were analyzed in this independent retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this retrospective study was to compare the upper and lower limb function changes after anterior decompression with fusion versus posterior decompression with laminoplasty for patients suffering from multilevel CSM...
June 8, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Yu N Orlov
AIM: To study an efficacy of Reamberine in complex therapy in early postoperative period after knee-joint surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was analyzed treatment of 108 patients (47 men and 61 women) with degenerative diseases of knee-joint in postoperative period. Periarticular osteotomy of tibia and knee-joint replacement were performed. Patients were divided into 2 groups. Main group consisted of 43 patients who received Reamberine 400-800 ml with infusion rate 4-5 ml/min during 1-1,5 hours for 4-8 days postoperatively...
2016: Khirurgiia
E Carlos Rodríguez-Merchán
Although some articles in the literature are in favor of the use of a postoperative brace after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, this review found that several systematic reviews and other reports on the topic do not support the use of a postoperative brace after ACL reconstruction. There is no scientific evidence so far to support the routine use of a functional knee brace following a successful ACL reconstruction in the postoperative course. Most authors believe that bracing is not necessary...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Yasuaki Kusumoto, Osamu Nitta, Atsushi Matsuo, Kenji Takaki, Tadamitsu Matsuda
BACKGROUND: The recognition of required treatments for cerebral palsy (CP) patients, including orthopedic surgery, differs according to region. This study was performed to identify factors associated with satisfactory changes in physical function after orthopedic surgery. METHODS: 358 patients were selected for the questionnaire survey. The following information was collected: gender, primary disease, age of initial surgery, total procedural count, operated sites, satisfaction of postoperative rehabilitation frequency, ideal amount of postoperative rehabilitation sessions per week, frequency of voluntary home training per week, satisfaction of the timing of surgery and the current satisfaction with the changes in physical function after the orthopedic surgery...
2016: PloS One
Bertrand W Parcells, Dean Giacobbe, David Macknet, Amy Smith, Mark Schottenfeld, David A Harwood, Stephen Kayiaros
For decades, the average hospital stay following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has been getting shorter. The historical standard was several weeks of hospitalization, yet improvements in perioperative care have reduced the average length of stay to a few days. Medicare recognizes a 3-day inpatient stay as the standard of care following hip or knee replacement. Yet continued advances in minimally invasive surgical techniques, short-acting general anesthetics, long-acting local anesthetics, and blood loss management have further improved the safety and recovery for TJA procedures...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Maria C S Inacio, Guy Cafri, Tadashi T Funahashi, Gregory B Maletis, Elizabeth W Paxton
BACKGROUND: Several challenges are associated with collecting clinically meaningful post-operative outcomes. The widespread implementation of electronic medical records (EMR) offers a new opportunity to evaluate surgical outcomes using routinely collected data in these systems. This study evaluated whether surgical outcomes can be ascertained from EMR's hospital and outpatient encounters. Specifically, we evaluated anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (ACLR) outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 6985 ACLRs performed between 2/2005-9/2012 was conducted...
June 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
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