keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioural Modification

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737841/the-effect-of-sucrose-addition-at-dosage-stage-on-the-foam-attributes-of-a-bottle-fermented-english-sparkling-wine
#1
Mark Crumpton, Christopher J Rice, Andrew Atkinson, Geoff Taylor, Matteo Marangon
BACKGROUND: Approximately two-thirds of wine produced in the UK is bottle-fermented sparkling wine. Effervescence and foamability are key features used to assess English Sparkling Wine (ESW) quality. A critical, yet understudied, area of research is the potential for dosage to influence foam behaviour via associated changes in wine viscosity. RESULTS: In this study, dosage treatments of five increasing levels of sucrose (from 0 to 31 g L(-1) ) were added to an ESW...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726953/4-4-di-tert-butyl-6-1h-tetrazol-5-yl-2-2-bipyridine-modification-of-a-highly-selective-n-donor-ligand-for-the-separation-of-trivalent-actinides-from-lanthanides
#2
Martin M Maiwald, Anna T Wagner, Jochen Kratsch, Andrej Skerencak-Frech, Michael Trumm, Andreas Geist, Peter W Roesky, Petra J Panak
In the present work, the complexation and extraction behaviour of 4,4'di-tert-butyl-6-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-2,2'-bipyridine (HN4(t)bubipy) towards trivalent actinides (An(iii)) and lanthanides (Ln(iii)) is studied by spectroscopic methods, liquid-liquid extraction, and quantum chemical calculations. The ligand synthesis of HN4(t)bubipy as well as its application in coordination chemistry of the 4f elements is described. Reaction of HN4(t)bubipy with [Ln(NO3)3·6H2O] (Ln = Sm, Eu) results in [H2N4(t)bubipy](+)[Ln(N4(t)bubipy)(NO3)3(H2O)](-)...
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726700/adsorption-studies-of-orange-ii-onto-polyaniline-bentonite-nanocomposite
#3
Wenyun Li, Qingwen Lin, Mengfan Gao, Hongzhu Ma
Modification of bentonite is essential for the adsorption of anionic dyes, as its negative surface charge. In this study, polyaniline/bentonite (PAni-Bent) nanocomposite was synthesized by in-situ intercalative polymerization technique and used to remove anionic dye Orange II (ORII) from synthetic wastewater. Its structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectra and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller specific surface area measurements. The adsorption behaviours of PAni-Bent towards ORII in the single anionic dye wastewater, the cationic/anionic mixture dye wastewater, with or without salt or surfactant, were investigated principally...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718163/incidence-and-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-urethral-stricture-repair
#4
REVIEW
Amanda S J Chung, Kurt A McCammon
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after urethral stricture repair are not uncommon. Urgency has been reported in 40% of men and urge incontinence in 12% of men after anterior urethroplasty. De novo urgency and urge incontinence is seen in 9 and 5% of men, respectively, after urethroplasty. Once a complication of urethroplasty (such as recurrent urethral stricture or diverticulum) has been excluded as a cause, evaluation of LUTS in such patients should focus on differentiating bladder dysfunction (overactive bladder, underactive bladder), from other outlet obstruction (such as benign prostatic obstruction), dysfunctional voiding, or medical causes (such as nocturnal polyuria)...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704405/community-health-workers-for-non-communicable-diseases-prevention-and-control-in-developing-countries-evidence-and-implications
#5
Gursimer Jeet, J S Thakur, Shankar Prinja, Meenu Singh
BACKGROUND: National programs for non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in different low middle income countries have a strong community component. A community health worker (CHW) delivers NCD preventive services using informational as well as behavioural approaches. Community education and interpersonal communication on lifestyle modifications is imparted with focus on primordial prevention of NCDs and screening is conducted as part of early diagnosis and management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704272/epigenetic-mechanisms-associated-with-addiction-related-behavioural-effects-of-nicotine-and-or-cocaine-implication-of-the-endocannabinoid-system
#6
Tamaki Hayase
The addictive use of nicotine (NC) and cocaine (COC) continues to be a major public health problem, and their combined use has been reported, particularly during adolescence. In neural plasticity, commonly induced by NC and COC, as well as behavioural plasticity related to the use of these two drugs, the involvement of epigenetic mechanisms, in which the reversible regulation of gene expression occurs independently of the DNA sequence, has recently been reported. Furthermore, on the basis of intense interactions with the target neurotransmitter systems, the endocannabinoid (ECB) system has been considered pivotal for eliciting the effects of NC or COC...
July 12, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700892/healthy-eating-and-active-living-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-heald-gdm-rationale-design-and-proposed-evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Steven T Johnson, Ana B Mladenovic, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Margie H Davenport, Sonia Butalia, Weiyu Qiu, Jeffrey A Johnson
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication in pregnancy and a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Most women who have had GDM are not engaging in health behaviours known to reduce their risk for developing future T2D. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a lifestyle modification program targeting healthy eating and active living behaviours after a GDM pregnancy. METHOD: This trial will randomize 100 women to either a lifestyle modification program or a control condition...
July 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699483/physical-disability-and-diabetes-mellitus-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-perception-and-behavior
#8
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad
BACKGROUND: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
July 10, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683135/spike-patterning-in-oxytocin-neurons-capturing-physiological-behaviour-with-hodgkin-huxley-and-integrate-and-fire-models
#9
Trystan Leng, Gareth Leng, Duncan J MacGregor
Integrate-and-fire (IF) models can provide close matches to the discharge activity of neurons, but do they oversimplify the biophysical properties of the neurons? A single compartment Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) model of the oxytocin neuron has previously been developed, incorporating biophysical measurements of channel properties obtained in vitro. A simpler modified integrate-and-fire model has also been developed, which can match well the characteristic spike patterning of oxytocin neurons as observed in vivo. Here, we extended the HH model to incorporate synaptic input, to enable us to compare spike activity in the model with experimental data obtained in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677425/ikbke-promotes-glioblastoma-progression-by-establishing-the-regulatory-feedback-loop-of-ikbke-yap1-mir-let-7b-i
#10
Zhimeng Zhang, Jie Lu, Gaochao Guo, Yi Yang, Shicai Dong, Yang Liu, Yang Nan, Yue Zhong, Kai Yu, Qiang Huang
Recently, we have demonstrated that IKBKE (inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit epsilon) is overexpressed in human glioblastoma and that inhibition of IKBKE remarkably suppresses the proliferative and invasive behaviour of glioblastoma cells. However, the specific pathogenic molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, we verified that IKBKE promotes YAP1 expression via posttranslational modification and accelerates YAP1 translocation to the nucleus for the development of glioblastoma...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676434/multifunctional-bioactive-glass-and-glass-ceramic-biomaterials-with-antibacterial-properties-for-repair-and-regeneration-of-bone-tissue
#11
REVIEW
João S Fernandes, Piergiorgio Gentile, Ricardo A Pires, Rui L Reis, Paul V Hatton
Bioactive glasses (BGs) and related glass-ceramic biomaterials have been used in bone tissue repair for over 30years. Previous work in this field was comprehensively reviewed including by their inventor Larry Hench, and the key features and properties of BGs are well understood. More recently, attention has focused on their modification to further enhance the osteogenic behaviour, or further compositional changes that may introduce additional properties, such as antimicrobial activity. Evidence is emerging that BGs and related glass-ceramics may be modified in such a way as to simultaneously introduce more than one desirable property...
July 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675809/does-modifying-personal-responsibility-moderate-the-mental-contamination-effect
#12
Tinisha S Kennedy, Laura M Simonds
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental contamination is the psychological sense of internal dirtiness that arises in the absence of physical contact with a perceived contaminant. Mental contamination can be evoked through imagining perpetrating a moral transgression. This study experimentally evoked mental contamination by asking men to imagine perpetrating a non-consensual kiss. It explored whether reducing sense of personal responsibility for the kiss moderated the mental contamination effect...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675155/the-m-6-a-pathway-facilitates-sex-determination-in-drosophila
#13
Lijuan Kan, Anya V Grozhik, Jeffrey Vedanayagam, Deepak P Patil, Nan Pang, Kok-Seong Lim, Yi-Chun Huang, Brian Joseph, Ching-Jung Lin, Vladimir Despic, Jian Guo, Dong Yan, Shu Kondo, Wu-Min Deng, Peter C Dedon, Samie R Jaffrey, Eric C Lai
The conserved modification N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) modulates mRNA processing and activity. Here, we establish the Drosophila system to study the m(6)A pathway. We first apply miCLIP to map m(6)A across embryogenesis, characterize its m(6)A 'writer' complex, validate its YTH 'readers' CG6422 and YT521-B, and generate mutants in five m(6)A factors. While m(6)A factors with additional roles in splicing are lethal, m(6)A-specific mutants are viable but present certain developmental and behavioural defects...
July 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670835/role-of-the-spinal-trkb-nmda-receptor-link-in-the-bdnf-induced-long-lasting-mechanical-hyperalgesia-in-the-rat-a-behavioural-study
#14
J L Marcos, D Galleguillos, T Pelissier, A Hernández, L Velásquez, L Villanueva, L Constandil
BACKGROUND: Intrathecal/intracisternal BDNF in rodents produces long-lasting hyperalgesia/allodynia, which implies BDNF plays a role in the establishment and maintenance of central sensitization. Both self-regeneration of endogenous BDNF and neuroplastic modifications of spinal NMDA receptors downstream TrkB signalling could be involved in such enduring hyperalgesia. We investigated to what extent BDNF by itself could participate in the generation and maintenance of mechanical hyperalgesia using pharmacological tools...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662700/risk-of-unsafe-abortion-associated-with-long-term-contraception-behaviour-a-case-control-study-from-sri-lanka
#15
Carukshi Arambepola, Lalini C Rajapaksa
BACKGROUND: When faced with an unintended pregnancy, some women choose to undergo an unsafe abortion, while others do not. This choice may depend on long-term contraception that shapes the fertility goals of women, along with many other risk factors. We assessed the risk for unsafe abortion associated with contraceptive practices based on women's long-term behaviour, and its likely modification by the use of different types of contraceptives among women in Sri Lanka. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted in nine hospitals among 171 women admitted for care following an unsafe abortion (Cases) and 600 women admitted to same hospitals for delivery of an unintended term pregnancy (Controls)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656699/social-inequality-in-youth-violence-the-role-of-heavy-episodic-drinking
#16
Thor Norström, Ingeborg Rossow, Hilde Pape
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is an important risk factor for violence, and violent behaviour is more prevalent in lower socioeconomic status (SES) groups. The aim of this study was to examine whether the SES difference in youth violence can be explained by differential exposure to-and/or differential vulnerability to-heavy episodic drinking (HED). In the latter case, effect modification by impulsivity could be assumed. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from a school survey of 15- to 17-year-olds in Norway (n = 9853)...
June 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656615/a-pilot-study-of-a-novel-smartphone-application-for-the-estimation-of-sleep-onset
#17
Hannah Scott, Leon Lack, Nicole Lovato
The aim of the study was to investigate the accuracy of Sleep On Cue: a novel iPhone application that uses behavioural responses to auditory stimuli to estimate sleep onset. Twelve young adults underwent polysomnography recording while simultaneously using Sleep On Cue. Participants completed as many sleep-onset trials as possible within a 2-h period following their normal bedtime. On each trial, participants were awoken by the app following behavioural sleep onset. Then, after a short break of wakefulness, commenced the next trial...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655593/collagen-fibril-organization-within-rat-vertebral-bone-modified-with-metastatic-involvement
#18
Mikhail Burke, Ahmad Golaraei, Ayelet Atkins, Margarete Akens, Virginijus Barzda, Cari Whyne
Metastatic involvement diminishes the mechanical integrity of vertebral bone, however its specific impact on the structural characteristics of a primary constituent of bone tissue, the collagen-I fibril matrix, has not been adequately characterized. Female athymic rats were inoculated with HeLa or Ace-1 cancer cells lines producing osteolytic or mixed (osteolytic & osteoblastic) metastases respectively. A maximum of 21days was allowed between inoculation and rat sacrifice for vertebrae extraction. Linear polarization-in, polarization-out (PIPO) second harmonic generation (SHG) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) imaging was utilized to assess the impact of metastatic involvement on collagen fibril organization...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647384/impulsivity-moderates-the-effect-of-approach-bias-modification-on-healthy-food-consumption
#19
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The study aimed to modify approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and to determine its effect on subsequent food consumption. In addition, we investigated the potential moderating role of impulsivity in the effect of approach bias re-training on food consumption. Participants were 200 undergraduate women (17-26 years) who were randomly allocated to one of five conditions of an approach-avoidance task varying in the training of an approach bias for healthy food, unhealthy food, and non-food cues in a single session of 10 min...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645092/examining-effectiveness-of-tailorable-computer-assisted-therapy-programmes-for-substance-misuse-programme-usage-and-clinical-outcomes-data-from-breaking-free-online
#20
Sarah Elison, Andrew Jones, Jonathan Ward, Glyn Davies, Stephanie Dugdale
RATIONALE: When evaluating complex, tailorable digital behavioural interventions, additional approaches may be required alongside established methodologies such as randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Research evaluating a computer-assisted therapy (CAT) programme for substance misuse, Breaking Free Online (BFO), is informed by Medical Research Council (MRC) guidance recommending examination of 'mechanisms of action' of individual intervention strategies, which is relevant when evaluating digital interventions with content that may evolve over time...
May 23, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
keyword
keyword
25246
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"