keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioural Modification

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438202/does-parental-and-adolescent-participation-in-an-e-health-lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-weight-outcomes
#1
Andrew W Tu, Allison W Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I Barr, Louise Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to components of an e-health intervention resulted in change in adolescent body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) z-scores in a sample of overweight/obese adolescents. METHODS: In total, 159 overweight/obese adolescents and their parents participated in an 8-month e-health lifestyle intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435723/formamidinium-iodide-crystal-structure-and-phase-transitions
#2
Andrey A Petrov, Eugene A Goodilin, Alexey B Tarasov, Vladimir A Lazarenko, Pavel V Dorovatovskii, Victor N Khrustalev
At a temperature of 100 K, CH5N2(+)·I(-) (I), crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c. The formamidinium cation adopts a planar symmetrical structure [the r.m.s. deviation is 0.002 Å, and the C-N bond lengths are 1.301 (7) and 1.309 (8) Å]. The iodide anion does not lie within the cation plane, but deviates from it by 0.643 (10) Å. The cation and anion of I form a tight ionic pair by a strong N-H⋯I hydrogen bond. In the crystal of I, the tight ionic pairs form hydrogen-bonded zigzag-like chains propagating toward [20-1] via strong N-H⋯I hydrogen bonds...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425140/response-of-parasitoid-egg-load-to-host-dynamics-and-implications-for-egg-load-evolution
#3
Craig B Phillips, John M Kean
A theoretical debate about whether parasitoids should be time- or egg-limited now recognises both as feasible, and interest has turned to determining the circumstances under which each might arise in the field, and their implications for parasitoid behaviour and evolution. Egg loads of parasitoids sampled from the field are predicted to show a negative response to host availability, but empirical support for this relationship is scarce. We measured how a parasitoid's egg load responded to seasonal fluctuations in host population density and recorded the predicted correlation...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421338/tailoring-pharmacotherapy-to-specific-eating-behaviours-in-obesity-can-recommendations-for-personalised-therapy-be-made-from-the-current-data
#4
Carl A Roberts, Paul Christiansen, Jason C G Halford
Pharmacotherapy provides an adjunct to behaviour modification in the management of obesity. There are a number of new drug therapies purportedly targeting appetite; liraglutide, and bupropion/naltrexone, which are European Medicines Agency and US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved, and lorcaserin and phentermine/topiramate, which have FDA approval only. Each of the six drugs, used singly or in combination, has distinct pharmacological, and presumably distinct behavioural, mechanisms of action, thus the potential to provide defined therapeutic options to personalise the management of obesity...
April 19, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418064/surfactant-exfoliated-2d-hexagonal-boron-nitride-2d-hbn-explored-as-a-potential-electrochemical-sensor-for-dopamine-surfactants-significantly-influence-sensor-capabilities
#5
Aamar F Khan, Dale A C Brownson, Christopher W Foster, Graham C Smith, Craig E Banks
Surfactant exfoliated 2D hexagonal Boron Nitride (2D-hBN) nanosheets are explored as a potential electrochemical sensing platform and evaluated towards the electroanalytical sensing of dopamine (DA) in the presence of the common interferents, ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). Surfactant exfoliated 2D-hBN nanosheets (2-4 layers) fabricated using sodium cholate in aqueous media are electrically wired via a drop-casting modification process onto disposable screen-printed graphite electrodes (SPEs). We critically evaluate the performance of these 2D-hBN modified SPEs and demonstrate the effect of 'mass coverage' towards the detection of DA, AA and UA...
April 18, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400482/epigenetic-programming-of-the-neuroendocrine-stress-response-by-adult-life-stress
#6
Bart Dirven, Judith Homberg, Tamas Kozicz, Marloes Henckens
The hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis is critically involved in the neuroendocrine regulation of stress adaptation, and the restoration of homeostasis following stress exposure. Dysregulation of this axis is associated with stress-related pathologies like major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and chronic anxiety. It has long been understood that stress during early life can have a significant lasting influence on the development of the neuroendocrine system and its neural regulators, partially by modifying epigenetic regulation of gene expression, with implications for health and well-being in later life...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392934/evaluation-of-a-web-based-weight-loss-intervention-in-overweight-cancer-survivors-aged-50%C3%A2-years-and-younger
#7
S M Lynch, C T Stricker, J C Brown, J M Berardi, D Vaughn, S Domchek, S Filseth, A Branas, E Weiss-Trainor, K H Schmitz, D B Sarwer
PURPOSE: Half of adult cancer survivors under age 50 years are obese. Excess body weight is associated with cancer recurrence, and effective weight loss interventions for younger cancer survivors are needed. Commercially available, online weight loss programmes are readily accessible, but few have been studied in this population. This study employed a single-arm, pre-post intervention (baseline-6 month/baseline-12 month comparisons) to preliminarily explore feasibility, efficacy and safety of an online, commercially available weight loss programme in breast (n = 30) and testicular (n = 16) cancer survivors under age 50 years...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391503/application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework-and-the-behaviour-change-wheel-to-understand-physicians-behaviors-and-behavior-change-in-using-temporary-work-modifications-for-return-to-work-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ritva Horppu, K P Martimo, E MacEachen, T Lallukka, E Viikari-Juntura
Purpose Applying the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW) to understand physicians' behaviors and behavior change in using temporary work modifications (TWMs) for return to work (RTW). Methods Interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 15 occupational physicians (OPs). Responses were coded using the TDF and the BCW. Results Key behaviors related to applying TWMs were initiating the process with the employee, making recommendations to the workplace, and following up the process...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389257/physiotherapy-and-speech-and-language-therapy-intervention-for-chronic-cough
#9
REVIEW
Surinder S Birring, Sarah Floyd, Charles C Reilly, Peter Siu Pan Cho
There are few effective pharmacological therapies available to treat refractory chronic cough. Functional MRI studies of the brain have recently shown that patients with chronic cough have dysfunctional inhibitory control of cough. Self-management therapies delivered by physiotherapists or speech therapists are effective at suppressing cough. They enable patients to consciously suppress the urge to cough. The intervention consists of education, laryngeal hygiene, cough suppression and distraction measures and behaviour modification...
April 4, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381618/astronomical-and-atmospheric-impacts-on-deep-sea-hydrothermal-vent-invertebrates
#10
Yann Lelièvre, Pierre Legendre, Marjolaine Matabos, Steve Mihály, Raymond W Lee, Pierre-Marie Sarradin, Claudia P Arango, Jozée Sarrazin
Ocean tides and winter surface storms are among the main factors driving the dynamics and spatial structure of marine coastal species, but the understanding of their impact on deep-sea and hydrothermal vent communities is still limited. Multidisciplinary deep-sea observatories offer an essential tool to study behavioural rhythms and interactions between hydrothermal community dynamics and environmental fluctuations. Here, we investigated whether species associated with a Ridgeia piscesae tubeworm vent assemblage respond to local ocean dynamics...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381617/winter-range-expansion-of-a-hummingbird-is-associated-with-urbanization-and-supplementary-feeding
#11
Emma I Greig, Eric M Wood, David N Bonter
Anthropogenic changes to the landscape and climate cause novel ecological and evolutionary pressures, leading to potentially dramatic changes in the distribution of biodiversity. Warm winter temperatures can shift species' distributions to regions that were previously uninhabitable. Further, urbanization and supplementary feeding may facilitate range expansions and potentially reduce migration tendency. Here we explore how these factors interact to cause non-uniform effects across a species's range. Using 17 years of data from the citizen science programme Project FeederWatch, we examined the relationships between urbanization, winter temperatures and the availability of supplementary food (i...
April 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380333/synthesis-and-characterization-of-a-biocompatible-chitosan-based-hydrogel-cross-linked-via-click-chemistry-for-controlled-drug-release
#12
O Guaresti, C García-Astrain, T Palomares, A Alonso-Varona, A Eceiza, N Gabilondo
A chemically cross-linked chitosan-based hydrogel was successfully synthesized through Diels-Alder (DA) reaction and characterized. The final product was obtained after different steps; on the one hand, furan-modified chitosan (Cs-Fu) was synthesized by the reaction of furfural with the free amino groups of chitosan. On the other hand, highlighting the novelty of the present research, maleimide-functionalized chitosan (Cs-AMI) was prepared by the reaction of a maleimide-modified aminoacid with the amino groups of chitosan through amide coupling...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378993/serotonin-dysfunction-aggressive-behavior-and-mental-illness-exploring-the-link-using-a-dimensional-approach
#13
Mirko Manchia, Bernardo Carpiniello, Flavia Valtorta, Stefano Comai
Aggressive individuals have higher rates of mental illness compared to non-aggressive individuals. Multiple factors, including psychosocial, genetic, and neurobiological determinants modulate the liability to both aggressive behavior and mental illness. Concerning the latter factors, multiple lines of evidence have shown a dysfunction in the serotonin (5-HT) system occurring in aggressive and in mentally ill individuals. In particular, reduced 5-HT activity has been associated with depression as well as with aggressive behavior, especially with impulsive aggression...
April 10, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377074/metabolic-side-effects-induced-by-olanzapine-treatment-are-neutralized-by-cb1-receptor-antagonist-compounds-co-administration-in-female-rats
#14
P Lazzari, V Serra, S Marcello, M Pira, A Mastinu
Weight gain is an important side effect of most atypical antipsychotic drugs such as olanzapine. Moreover, although many animal models with metabolic side effects have been well defined, the interaction with other pathways has to be considered. The endocannabinoid system and the CB1 receptor (CB1R) are among the most promising central and peripheral targets involved in weight and energy balance. In this study we developed a rat model based 15-days treatment with olanzapine that shows weight gain and an alteration of the blood parameters involved in the regulation of energy balance and glucose metabolism...
April 1, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376941/systematic-evaluation-of-skeletal-fractures-caused-by-induction-of-electroconvulsive-seizures-in-rat-state-a-need-for-attention-and-refinement-of-the-procedure
#15
Maria Ekemohn, Marie Kjær Nielsen, Matilda Grahm, Anders Tingström, Birgitte Kousholt, Gregers Wegener, Cecilie Bay-Richter
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most efficient treatments for major depression. Electroconvulsive seizures (ECS), the animal model of ECT, is widely used to study both mechanisms of action and adverse effects of ECT. As the treatment itself serves as an instant anaesthetic and anaesthetic agents may affect memory functions and behaviour, ECS is traditionally administered without muscle relaxation and anaesthesia. A major problem of unmodified ECS, which has only been addressed peripherally in the literature, is that some animals sustain spinal fractures and subsequent hind leg paralysis (paraplegia)...
April 5, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376827/lead-exposure-at-firing-ranges-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Mark A S Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson, Andrew S Ball
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the military, and increasingly a recreational activity by the public. In the United States alone, an estimated 16,000-18,000 firing ranges exist. Discharge of Pb dust and gases is a consequence of shooting guns. METHODS: The objectives of this study are to review the literature on blood lead levels (BLLs) and potential adverse health effects associated with the shooting population...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373722/simulated-microgravity-triggers-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-keratinocytes
#17
Danilo Ranieri, Sara Proietti, Simona Dinicola, Maria Grazia Masiello, Benedetta Rosato, Giulia Ricci, Alessandra Cucina, Angela Catizone, Mariano Bizzarri, Maria Rosaria Torrisi
The microgravitational environment is known to affect the cellular behaviour inducing modulation of gene expression and enzymatic activities, epigenetic modifications and alterations of the structural organization. Simulated microgravity, obtained in the laboratory setting through the use of a Random Positioning Machine (RPM), represents a well recognized and useful tool for the experimental studies of the cellular adaptations and molecular changes in response to weightlessness. Short exposure of cultured human keratinocytes to the RPM microgravity influences the cellular circadian clock oscillation...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371700/graphite-nanoplatelets-modified-pla-pcl-effect-of-blend-ratio-and-nanofiller-localization-on-structure-and-properties
#18
Ivan Kelnar, Jaroslav Kratochvíl, Ludmila Kaprálková, Alexander Zhigunov, Martina Nevoralová
Structure and properties of poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/poly (ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) influenced by graphite nanoplatelets (GNP) were studied in dependence on blend composition. Electron microscopy indicates predominant localization of GNP in PCL. GNP-induced changes in viscosity hinder refinement of PCL inclusions, support PCL continuity in the co-continuous system, and lead to reduction of PLA inclusions size without GNP being present at the interface in the PCL-matrix blend. Negligible differences in crystallinity of both phases indicate that mechanical behaviour is mainly influenced by reinforcement and GNP-induced changes in morphology...
March 28, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365380/unemployment-and-inflammatory-markers-in-england-wales-and-scotland-1998-2012-meta-analysis-of-results-from-12-studies
#19
Amanda Hughes, Meena Kumari, Anne McMunn, Mel Bartley
INTRODUCTION: Unemployment may represent a substantial source of psychosocial stress, and is linked to both increased risk of morbidity and mortality and adverse health-related behaviours. Few studies have examined the association of unemployment with systemic inflammation, a plausible mediator of the associations of psychosocial stress and health, and results are mixed and context dependent. This study examines the association of unemployment with C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen, two markers of systemic inflammation...
March 29, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360422/immunometabolism-in-early-and-late-stages-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
REVIEW
Cornelia M Weyand, Jörg J Goronzy
One of the fundamental traits of immune cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is their ability to proliferate, a property shared with the joint-resident cells that form the synovial pannus. The building of biomass imposes high demands for energy and biosynthetic precursors, implicating metabolic control as a basic disease mechanism. During preclinical RA, when autoreactive T cells expand and immunological tolerance is broken, the main sites of disease are the secondary lymphoid tissues. Naive CD4(+) T cells from patients with RA have a distinct metabolic signature, characterized by dampened glycolysis, low ATP levels and enhanced shunting of glucose into the pentose phosphate pathway...
March 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
keyword
keyword
25246
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"