Read by QxMD icon Read

Group Consultations

Patricia O'Campo, Rhonda BeLue, Heidi Borenstein, Maxine Reed-Vance, Robin Gaines Lanzi, Peter Schafer, Loretta Jones, Richard Woolord
The inclusion of biomarkers in studies of stress and health outcomes is of growing interest, including for community-based participatory research (CBPR) studies. Yet the perspectives of participants and communities have been infrequently consulted to inform the biomarker collection process. The objective of this paper is to describe the process and outcomes of using CBPR in framing biomarker collection in a study of allostatic load in a maternal and child health population. Through analysis of focus group data, we identify aspects of CBPR that facilitate increased community trust and endorsement related to collecting biological samples, and also provide a community perspective that is often overlooked in the literature...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Bandy X Lee, Finn Kjaerulf, Shannon Turner, Larry Cohen, Peter D Donnelly, Robert Muggah, Rachel Davis, Anna Realini, Berit Kieselbach, Lori Snyder MacGregor, Irvin Waller, Rebecca Gordon, Michele Moloney-Kitts, Grace Lee, James Gilligan
The United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development recognizes violence as a threat to sustainability. To serve as a context, we provide an overview of the Sustainable Development Goals as they relate to violence prevention by including a summary of key documents informing violence prevention efforts by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA) partners. After consultation with the United Nations (UN) Inter-Agency Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (IAEG-SDG), we select specific targets and indicators, featuring them in a summary table...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
W Holmes, R Shajehan, S Kitnasamy, C Abeywickrama, Y Arsath, F Gnanaraj, S Inbaraj, G Jayakody, K Durrant, S Luchters
: The growing burden of vision impairment (VI) among older people is a development challenge in Asian countries. This study aimed to understand older people's views and experiences about the impact of VI and barriers to eye care to inform policies to address this challenge. We conducted 12 focus group discussions in 2013 with retired Tamil and Sinhala elders in Nuwara Eliya district, Sri Lanka (n = 107). Data were analysed thematically. Older people described the broad impacts VI has on their lives...
October 19, 2016: Global Public Health
Anita Strezova, Sheila O'Neill, Cathy O'Callaghan, Astrid Perry, Jinzhu Liu, John Eden
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the attitudes to, and experience of, menopause among Macedonian women living in Australia, including attitudes and responses to hormone therapy (HT) and complementary therapies, as well as related psycho-sexual, relationship and other midlife issues. METHODS: Using qualitative methodology, the study was based on seven unstructured, nondirective group discussions. Natural social groups were recruited, meeting wherever each group felt most at home...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Mary Harrison
This article presents findings from a qualitative research study exploring the experiences of early intervention practitioners in a reflective consultation program. Fifteen licensed early childhood special education teachers and speech, occupational, and physical therapists as well as a psychologist from an urban school district participated in interviews discussing their work stressors and involvement with monthly reflective consultation groups. They described a loosely temporal, iterative process which transformed how they thought and felt about both themselves as practitioners and the children and families with whom they worked...
October 19, 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Carol L Hodgson, Alison E Turnbull, Theodore J Iwashyna, Ann Parker, Wesley Davis, Clifton O Bingham, Nicola R Watts, Simon Finfer, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in measuring the quality of survivorship for patients admitted to the intensive care (ICU) for acute respiratory failure (ARF). However, there is substantial variability in the patient outcomes reported in studies evaluating these patients, with few data on which outcomes are essential to inform clinical practice. PURPOSE: To determine clinicians' perspectives on the outcome domains that should always be reported in studies evaluating ARF survivors after hospital discharge, and to compare findings between the US and Australian perspectives...
October 6, 2016: Physical Therapy
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Haera Han, Hochang B Lee, Joseph J Gallo, Jin Hui Joo
OBJECTIVE: Korean American Elderly (KAE) have high rates of depression but underuse mental health services. The purpose of this study was to assess the meaning of depression and help seeking among KAE residing in the United States who have clinically significant depressive symptoms. METHODS: As a follow up to the Memory and Aging Study of Koreans (MASK; n=1,118), a descriptive epidemiological study which showed that only one in four of KAE with clinically significant depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9≥10) used mental health services, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with participants with clinically significant depressive symptoms regarding the meaning of depression and beliefs about help seeking...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
H Humphreys, P Jenks, J Wilson, V Weston, R Bayston, C Waterhouse, A Moore
BACKGROUND: The insertion of external ventricular drains (EVDs) is necessary in some neurosurgical patients, but increases the risk of meningitis/ventriculitis. While there are well-recognized risk factors, the proportion of patients who develop meningitis/ventriculitis varies partly due to differences in definitions. A multi-disciplinary working group was established to agree definitions for EVD-associated meningitis/ventriculitis, and a surveillance system was piloted in four centres in the UK and Ireland...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Simon Noble
Simon Noble speaks to Sebastian Dennis-Beron, Commissioning Editor: Simon Noble is Clinical Professor in Palliative Medicine at Cardiff University and honorary consultant at the Royal Gwent Hospital in Newport. His main research interests are in the management of venous thromboembolism in advanced cancer, quality of life effects of venous thromboembolism and their therapies, clinical decision-making in venous thromboembolism management and the patient journey. He is involved at a national level in the delivery of evidence-based thromboprophylaxis for hospitalized patients through the All Party Thrombosis Group and sits on the NICE Guideline development group for thromboprophylaxis...
October 19, 2016: Future Oncology
H Claude Sagi, David Donohue, Seth Cooper, David P Barei, Justin Siebler, Michael T Archdeacon, Marcus Sciadini, Michelle Romeo, Patrick F Bergin, Thomas Higgins, Hassan Mir
OBJECTIVES: The current literature focuses on wound severity, time to debridement and antibiotic administration with respect to risk of infection after open fracture. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if either the incidence of post-traumatic infection or causative organism varies with treating institution or the season in which the open fracture occurred. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Seven level-one regional referral trauma centers located in each of the seven climatic regions of the continental United States (Northwest; High Plains; Midwest/Ohio Valley; New England/Mid-Atlantic; Southeast; South; and Southwest)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Paolo Spallarossa, Nicola Maurea, Christian Cadeddu, Rosalinda Madonna, Donato Mele, Ines Monte, Giuseppina Novo, Pasquale Pagliaro, Alessia Pepe, Carlo G Tocchetti, Concetta Zito, Giuseppe Mercuro
Anthracyclines are the mainstay of treatment of a variety of haematological malignancies and solid tumours. Unfortunately, the clinical use of these drugs is limited by cumulative, dose-related cardiotoxicity which may ultimately lead to a severe and irreversible form of cardiomyopathy. Thus, there is an increasing need for close cooperation among cardiologists, oncologists and haemato-oncologists. As anthracyclines save lives, the logical goal of this cooperation, besides preventing or mitigating cardiotoxicity, is to promote an acceptable balance between the potential cardiac side effects and the vital benefit of anticancer treatment...
May 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Tone Kristin Bergersen, Elisabeth Storheim, Stina Gundersen, Linn Kleven, Maria Johnson, Leiv Sandvik, Kari Jorunn Kvaerner, Nils-Otto Ørjasæter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a wound support network model between the primary home care service and the hospital. The impact on wound healing rate, cost benefit, and transfer of knowledge was investigated. INTERVENTION: The intervention group was exposed to a wound support network (n = 32), and the control group continued standard organization of treatment (n = 21). DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled study; observations were made before (baseline) and after the implementation of the intervention (12 weeks)...
November 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Anat Levin, Anat Scher
INTRODUCTION: Disrupted sleep is common among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). AIMS: Our goal was to (1) examine the contribution of sleep problems to parenting stress in children with ASD as compared to typically developing (TD) and (2) to address maternal sleep-related cognitions and behaviors in both groups. METHODS: Mothers of 34 ASD (mean age = 39.29 months, SD = 5.22) and 31 TD children (mean age = 36.23 months, SD = 5.75) completed questionnaires measuring maternal stress, sleep-related cognitions and settling to sleep interactions, and the child's sleep problems; mothers in the ASD group completed a symptom severity questionnaire...
October 17, 2016: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Carmen Folguera-Álvarez, Sofia Garrido-Elustondo, José Verdú-Soriano, Diana García-García-Alcalá, Mónica Sánchez-Hernández, Oscar German Torres-de Castro, Maria Luisa Barceló-Fidalgo, Olga Martínez-González, Lidia Ardiaca-Burgués, Carmen Solano-Villarrubia, Pilar Raquel Lebracón-Cortés, Carmen Molins-Santos, Mar Fresno-Flores, Maria Carmen Cánovas-Lago, Luisa Fernanda Benito-Herranz, Maria Teresa García-Sánchez, Olga Castillo-Pla, María Sol Morcillo-San Juan, Maria Begoña Ayuso-de la Torre, Pilar Burgos-Quintana, Ana López-Torres-Escudero, Gema Ballesteros-García, Piedad García-Cabeza, Maria Ángeles de Francisco-Casado, Milagros Rico-Blázquez
BACKGROUND: Chronic venous insufficiency, in its final stage can cause venous ulcers. Venous ulcers have a prevalence of 0.5 % to 0.8 % in the general population, and increases starting at 60 years of age. This condition often causes increased dependency in affected individuals, as well as a perceived reduced quality of life and family overload. Local Treating chronic venous ulcers has 2 components: topically healing the ulcer and controlling the venous insufficiency. There is evidence that compressive therapy favours the healing process of venous ulcers...
2016: BMC Nursing
Kathryn E Mansfield, Julius Sim, Peter Croft, Kelvin P Jordan
Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is common in the general population. It is unclear how people reporting this problem present in primary care; they may regularly consult for regional pains without being recognized as having a generalized condition. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of people consulting in primary care for musculoskeletal conditions in different body regions on different occasions (recurrent regional pain consultation), the proportion with diagnosed generalized pain and survey-reported widespread pain, and if they have features characteristic of CWP...
September 29, 2016: Pain
Vedat Hamuryudan, Haner Direskeneli, Ihsan Ertenli, Murat Inanc, Yasar Karaaslan, Fahrettin Oksel, Suleyman Ozbek, Salih Pay, Ender Terzioglu, Dilara Balkan Tezer, Basak Hacibedel, Nurullah Akkoc
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the annual cost of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Turkey by obtaining real-world data directly from patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, RA patients from the rheumatology outpatient clinics of 10 university hospitals were interviewed with a standardised questionnaire on RA-related healthcare care costs. RESULTS: The study included 689 RA patients (565 females) with a mean age of 51.2±13.2 years and mean disease duration of 9...
September 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Joachim Sieper, Tim Holbrook, Christopher M Black, Robert Wood, Xiaohan Hu, Sumesh Kachroo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) on patients and society based on real-world evidence from the Adelphi nr-axSpA Disease Specific Programme, a cross-sectional survey of rheumatologists and their patients in Germany, France, Spain, Italy and the UK. METHODS: Physicians completed patient record forms for the next two patients consulting with nr-axSpA (diagnosis at the physician's judgement); patients were invited to complete a patient self-completion form...
August 31, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Annelies Colliers, Roy Remmen, Marie-Luise Streffer, Barbara Michiels, Stefaan Bartholomeeusen, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Jef Goris, Samuel Coenen, Veronique Verhoeven, Hilde Philips
BACKGROUND: The implementation of general practitioner cooperatives (GPC) for out-of-hours (OOH) primary care, raises the question if the location of a GPC adjacent to a hospital reduces the OOH caseload of the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Two natural experiments were used in this before-after study, the effect of the implementation of two GPCs in two different regions on the out-of-hours caseload of the local EDs was compared. One GPC was located adjacent to the ED of a general hospital, the other was not...
October 17, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Johann Malina-Altzinger, Georg Damerau, Klaus W Grätz, P D Bernd Stadlinger
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and the inter- and intra-examiner reliability of panoramic-radiograph-driven findings of different maxillary sinus anatomic variations and pathologies, which had initially been prediagnosed by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: After pairs of two-dimensional (2D) panoramic and three-dimensional (3D) CBCT images of patients having received treatment at the outpatient department had been screened, the predefinition of 54 selected maxillary sinus conditions was initially performed on CBCT images by two blinded consultants individually using a questionnaire that defined ten different clinically relevant findings...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"