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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648011/-relationship-between-carotid-plaque-and-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#1
Y Y Xiao, M K Yuan, P Xi, B Gao
Objective: To analyze the relevant factors for diabetic retinopathy. Methods: The data of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients undergoing general examination and ophthalmology specialist consultation were collected from the inpatients of Department of Endocrinology in Beijing Airport Hospital between 2013 and 2016, and the relevant factors of diabetic retinopathy were retrospectively analyzed. Results: A total of 432 cases were analyzed, including 168 cases of non-diabetic retinopathy and 264 cases of diabetic retinopathy...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647984/-screening-on-key-techniques-used-for-surveillance-and-disposal-of-public-health-emergencies
#2
Q R Zhu, L Yang, H Y Ma, W Q Xie, L M Cong, L W Xu
Objective: To explore the key techniques used for surveillance and disposal of infectious diseases, food poisoning and hospital infection to improve the ability of surveillance and disposal on public health emergency. Methods: Framework on surveillance and disposal of infectious diseases, food poisoning and hospital infection was set up, based on literature review and expert group discussion. Delphi method and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution comprehensive evaluation method were used for ordering preference by similarity, to screen key techniques set for surveillance and disposal of the above said events...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647727/patients-as-partners-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-qualitative-patient-led-study
#3
Chelsia Gillis, Marlyn Gill, Nancy Marlett, Gail MacKean, Kathy GermAnn, Loreen Gilmour, Gregg Nelson, Tracy Wasylak, Susan Nguyen, Edamil Araujo, Sandra Zelinsky, Leah Gramlich
OBJECTIVES: Explore the experience of patients undergoing colorectal surgery within an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme. Use these experiential data to inform the development of a framework to support ongoing, meaningful patient engagement in ERAS. DESIGN: Qualitative patient-led study using focus groups and narrative interviews. Data were analysed iteratively using a Participatory Grounded Theory approach. SETTING: Five tertiary care centres in Alberta, Canada, following the ERAS programme...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647299/otolaryngology-consultation-tracheostomies-and-complex-patient-population
#4
Kristan P Alfonso, Michael R Kaufman, Emily V Dressler, Meng Liu, Rony K Aouad
PURPOSE: To assess for the differences in patients undergoing tracheostomy by the otolaryngology consult service versus other specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 1035 tracheostomies performed at our institution from January 2013 through November 2015 was retrospectively reviewed. Patient-related factors that contribute to procedural difficulty were reviewed. RESULTS: 805 consecutive tracheostomies were included. Otolaryngology performed 176/805 (21...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647165/modelling-efforts-needed-to-advance-herpes-simplex-virus-hsv-vaccine-development-key-findings-from-the-world-health-organization-consultation-on-hsv-vaccine-impact-modelling
#5
Sami L Gottlieb, Birgitte Giersing, Marie-Claude Boily, Harrell Chesson, Katharine J Looker, Joshua Schiffer, Ian Spicknall, Raymond Hutubessy, Nathalie Broutet
Development of a vaccine against herpes simplex virus (HSV) is an important goal for global sexual and reproductive health. In order to more precisely define the health and economic burden of HSV infection and the theoretical impact and cost-effectiveness of an HSV vaccine, in 2015 the World Health Organization convened an expert consultation meeting on HSV vaccine impact modelling. The experts reviewed existing model-based estimates and dynamic models of HSV infection to outline critical future modelling needs to inform development of a comprehensive business case and preferred product characteristics for an HSV vaccine...
June 21, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647064/efficacy-of-the-doktormitsdm-training-module-in-supporting-shared-decision-making-results-from-a-multicenter-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Friedemann Geiger, Katrin Liethmann, Daniela Reitz, Razvan Galalae, Jürgen Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Training to improve physicians' shared decision making (SDM) competencies with proven effectiveness and efficiency is rare. This study evaluated the brief in situ training module 'doktormitSDM'. METHODS: In a multicenter RCT, each physician recorded four consultations, each of which included a diagnostic or treatment decision (N=152 consultations from seven medical specialties). The doktormitSDM training module included two video-based individual coaching sessions (15min) at the physicians' workplaces, supplemented by a manual and a video tutorial...
June 19, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646977/the-efficacy-of-conjoint-behavioral-consultation-in-the-home-setting-outcomes-and-mechanisms-in-rural-communities
#7
Susan M Sheridan, Amanda L Witte, Shannon R Holmes, ChaoRong Wu, Sonya A Bhatia, Samantha R Angell
This study reports the results of a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation (CBC), a family-school partnership intervention, on children's behaviors, parents' skills, and parent-teacher relationships in rural community and town settings. Participants were 267 children, 267 parents, and 152 teachers in 45 Midwestern schools. Using an Intent to Treat approach and data analyzed within a multilevel modeling framework, CBC yielded promising results for some but not all outcomes...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646898/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-mycoplasma-genitalium-and-ureaplasma-urealyticum-infections-using-a-novel-isothermal-simultaneous-rna-amplification-testing-method-in-infertile-males
#8
Ling Qing, Qi-Xiang Song, Jian-Li Feng, Hai-Yan Li, Guiming Liu, Hai-Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium and Ureaplasma urealyticum infections in infertile men that consulted our outpatient departments using a novel simultaneous amplification testing (SAT) that is RNA-detection based. The possible impact of C. trachomatis, N. gonorrhoeae, M. genitalium and U. urealyticum infections on semen parameters was also noted in the present study. METHODS: A total of 2607 males that were diagnosed with infertility were included in this study...
June 24, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646574/a-novel-habitat-based-approach-to-predict-impacts-of-marine-protected-areas-on-fishers
#9
João B Teixeira, Rodrigo L Moura, Morena Mills, Carissa Klein, Christopher J Brown, Vanessa M Adams, Hedley Grantham, Matthew Watts, Deborah Faria, Gilberto M Amado-Filho, Alex C Bastos, Reinaldo Lourival, Hugh P Possingham
While marine protected areas (MPAs) can simultaneously contribute to biodiversity conservation and fisheries management, the global network is biased towards particular ecosystem types, as it was largely established in an ad hoc fashion. The optimization of trade-offs between biodiversity benefits and socio-economic values increases implementation success and minimizes enforcement costs in the long run, but is often neglected in marine spatial planning (MSP). Although the acquisition of spatially explicit socioeconomic data is often perceived as a costly/secondary step in MSP, it is critical to account for lost opportunities by people whose activities will be restricted, especially fishers...
June 24, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643665/sonographic-landmarks-to-differentiate-false-labor-and-early-true-labor-as-a-possible-new-application-of-ultrasound-in-labor-ward
#10
A Bouzid, M Kehila, H Trabelsi, H S Abouda, R Ben Hmid, M B Chanoufi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate discrimination of clinical parameters and ultrasound examination to differentiate "false labor" and "true labor". METHODS: In a prospective study during a period of 6 months, a total of 178 patients in term (37-41 weeks) consulting our obstetric unit for uterine contraction, were enrolled. Patients were examined separately by a midwife and a resident and separated into "true labor group" and "false labor group". The clinical characteristics of true versus false labor patients were compared...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642531/evidence-summary-the-relationship-between-oral-diseases-and-diabetes
#11
F D'Aiuto, D Gable, Z Syed, Y Allen, K L Wanyonyi, S White, J E Gallagher
Introduction This paper is the third of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policymakers.Aims This review aimed to explore the nature of the association between poor oral health and diabetes when found in the same individuals or populations, having reviewed the most contemporary evidence in the field.Methods The reviews were undertaken by four groups each comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public health and academics...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642223/performing-high-level-sport-is-strongly-associated-with-urinary-incontinence-in-elite-athletes-a-comparative-study-of-372-elite-female-athletes-and-372-controls
#12
Alice Carvalhais, Jorge Renato Natal, Kari Bø
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in female elite athletes compared with controls and to investigate potential risk factors for UI among elite athletes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 372 elite athletes (athletes group, AG) and 372 age-matched controls (control group, CG). The median age was low (19 years) and the vast majority were nulliparous. Potential risk factors, including clinical, demographic and sports practice characteristics, were collected by using a questionnaire...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640977/neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction-clinical-management-recommendations-of-the-neurologic-incontinence-committee-of-the-fifth-international-consultation-on-incontinence-2013
#13
REVIEW
Nikki Cotterill, Helmut Madersbacher, Jean J Wyndaele, Apostolos Apostolidis, Marcus J Drake, Jerzy Gajewski, John Heesakkers, Jalesh Panicker, Piotr Radziszewski, Ryuji Sakakibara, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Rizwan Hamid, Thomas M Kessler, Anton Emmanuel
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of neurological disease and lower bowel dysfunction have been produced by the International Consultations on Incontinence (ICI). These are comprehensive guidelines, and were developed to have world-wide relevance. AIMS: To update clinical management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction from the recommendations of the 4th ICI, 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of evidence reviews and updates were performed by members of the working group...
June 22, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640480/improving-the-quality-of-prison-research-a-qualitative-study-of-ex-offender-service-user-involvement-in-prison-suicide-prevention-research
#14
Yvonne F Awenat, Currie Moore, Patricia A Gooding, Fiona Ulph, Aisha Mirza, Daniel Pratt
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the leading cause of avoidable death in prisons worldwide and suicide prevention is an international priority. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop evidence-based treatments. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a novel suicide prevention psychological therapy for male prisoners. To promote ecological validity by addressing the "real-world" situation of suicidal prisoners, we involved a consultant group of ex-offenders with past experience of being suicidal during imprisonment...
June 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639998/the-new-parent-checklist-a-tool-to-promote-parental-reflection
#15
Elizabeth M Keys, Deborah A McNeil, Donna A Wallace, Jason Bostick, A Jocelyn Churchill, Maureen M Dodd
PURPOSE: To design and establish content and face validity of an evidenceinformed tool that promotes parental self-reflection during the transition to parenthood. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The New Parent Checklist was developed using a three-phase sequential approach: (Phase 1) a scoping review and expert consultation to develop and refine a prototype tool; (Phase 2) content analysis of parent focus groups; and (Phase 3) assessment of utility in a cross-sectional sample of parents completing the New Parent Checklist and a questionnaire...
June 20, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639074/worsening-trends-in-analgesics-recommended-for-spinal-pain-in-primary-care
#16
Stephanie Mathieson, Lisa Valenti, Christopher G Maher, Helena Britt, Qiang Li, Andrew J McLachlan, Chung-Wei Christine Lin
PURPOSE: Limited evidence exists on secular trends of analgesics for spinal pain. We investigated general practitioner's (GP) recommendations of analgesic medicines for spinal pain and investigated characteristics associated with their recommendation. METHODS: We accessed data on spinal pain consultations from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) database, a nationally representative database on GP activity in Australia. Data extracted included consultation details and management provided...
June 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638421/item-selection-and-content-validity-of-the-risk-factors-of-post-intubation-tracheal-stenosis-observation-questionnaire-for-icu-admitted-patients
#17
Roya Farzanegan, Behrooz Farzanegan, Maryam Alehashem, Mahdi Zangi, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Kambiz Sheikhy, Habib Emami, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Laryngotracheal stenosis as a late complication of prolonged endotracheal intubation is a life-threatening event. In order to determine the related risk factors for this complication, which may vary among different countries, designing a valid questionnaire is necessary. The aim of this study was to select the items and evaluate the face and content validities of a questionnaire developed for assessment of risk factors of post-intubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) in patients admitted in the intensive care unit...
2017: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637744/group-clinics-for-young-adults-with-diabetes-in-an-ethnically-diverse-socioeconomically-deprived-setting-together-study-protocol-for-a-realist-review-co-design-and-mixed-methods-participatory-evaluation-of-a-new-care-model
#18
Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Dougal Hargreaves, Grainne Colligan, Ann Hagell, Anita Patel, Desirée Campbell-Richards, Russell M Viner, Shanti Vijayaraghavan, Martin Marshall, Trisha Greenhalgh, Sarah Finer
INTRODUCTION: Young adults with diabetes often report dissatisfaction with care and have poor diabetes-related health outcomes. As diabetes prevalence continues to rise, group-based care could provide a sustainable alternative to traditional one-to-one consultations, by engaging young people through life stage-, context- and culturally-sensitive approaches. In this study, we will co-design and evaluate a group-based care model for young adults with diabetes and complex health and social needs in socioeconomically deprived areas...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637140/intimate-partner-violence-in-women-with-disabilities-perception-of-healthcare-and-attitudes-of-health-professionals
#19
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Vicenta Escribà-Agüir, Gracia Maroto-Navarro
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social problem and public health issue, but we still have a relatively small amount of data about partner violence in women with disabilities. The main objective of this study was to understand the experiences of women with disabilities who are or have been abused by their partners and to explore the knowledge, views and training requirements of primary care professionals. METHOD: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with women with disabilities who had experienced IPV (n = 14), and focus groups with healthcare professionals (n = 16)...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635237/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-and-open-surgery-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#20
H Y He, Z J Yang, D Y Zeng, D S Yao, J T Fan, R F Zhao, J Q Zhang, X X Hu, Z Lin, Y M Jiang, L Li
Objective: To evaluate the short-term and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic surgery compared with traditional laparotomy in cases of stage ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on the clinical data of 1 863 patients diagnosed as FIGO stages ⅠA2-ⅡA2 cervical cancer in 6 third-grade class-A hospitals in Guangxi province between January 2007 and May 2014. One thousand and seventy-one received laparoscopy, and 792 received laparotomy. T-test, U-test and χ(2) test were used to compare the short-term and long-term outcomes...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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