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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933700/a-secondary-analysis-of-longitudinal-prevalence-data-to-determine-the-use-of-pressure-ulcer-preventive-measures-in-dutch-nursing-homes-2005-2014
#1
Martin Wf van Leen, Joseph Mga Schols, Steven Er Hovius, Ruud Jg Halfens
Pressure ulcers (PUs) are an important and distressing problem in Dutch nursing homes. A secondary analysis of longitudinal data from the Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (LPZ) - an annual, multicenter, point-prevalence survey - was conducted for the years 2005-2014 to determine the use of specific recommended PU preventive measures from the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 1998, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel/European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel 2009, and the 2002 and 2011 Dutch PU guidelines...
September 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933002/mepolizumab-for-treating-severe-eosinophilic-asthma-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#2
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Katy Cooper, Sue Harnan, Jean Hamilton, Mark Clowes, Christopher Carroll, Tim Harrison, Shironjit Saha
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the company (GlaxoSmithKline) that manufactures mepolizumab (Nucala(®)) to submit evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab for the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma. The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group (ScHARR-TAG) at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent evidence review group (ERG). The ERG produced a review of the evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab as add-on to standard of care (SoC) compared with SoC and omalizumab, based upon the company's submission to NICE...
September 20, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931972/relationship-of-health-sociodemographic-and-economic-factors-and-life-satisfaction-in-young-old-and-old-old-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#3
Jin-Won Noh, Kyoung-Beom Kim, Ju Hyun Lee, Min Hee Kim, Young Dae Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship of health, sociodemographic, and economic factors and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old elderly groups. [Subjects and Methods] In the 2012 data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 4,134 of the final survey subjects aged 65 or older were analyzed. Multivaribale linear regression was performed to examine the degrees of explanatory power as factors (health, sociodemographic, and economic) in young-old (65 to 79 years) and old-old (80 years or older)...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931197/study-of-factors-responsible-for-recidivism-in-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#4
Bipin Kishore Prasad
Patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) are typically atopic and immunocompetent. Despite combined modality treatment based on surgery and immunomodulation, the potential for recidivism is well recognized. A study was conducted in a military hospital in India to identify the factors responsible for recidivism in AFRS and to suggest measures to overcome it. Sixty patients with AFRS (42 new cases and 18 cases that required revision surgery) were managed between January 2009 and July 2013. Patients underwent endoscopic, radiologic, and laboratory evaluation for AFRS followed by functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#5
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931128/6-year-review-of-redivi-a-prospective-registry-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-spain
#6
José A Pérez-Molina, Ana López-Polín, Begoña Treviño, Israel Molina, Josune Goikoetxea, Marta Díaz-Menéndez, Diego Torrús, Eva Calabuig, Agustín Benito, Rogelio López-Vélez
Background: Understanding and detecting imported diseases is a priority in the prevention and management of prevalent and emergent infectious diseases acquired abroad. The +Redivi network measures the burden of imported infections in Spain and is essential for closing the gap in travel medicine. Methods: Demographic characteristics, travel information, syndromes and confirmed travel-related diagnoses were registered in a standardised online database. Results: A total of 10 767 cases of imported infectious diseases were registered between October 2009 and December 2015...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929862/the-accuracy-of-the-computed-tomography-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis-does-the-experience-of-the-radiologist-matter
#7
E Lietzén, P Salminen, I Rinta-Kiikka, H Paajanen, T Rautio, P Nordström, M Aarnio, T Rantanen, J Sand, J-P Mecklin, A Jartti, J Virtanen, P Ohtonen, N Ånäs, J M Grönroos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the accuracy of computed tomography in diagnosing acute appendicitis with a special reference to radiologist experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected prospectively in our randomized controlled trial comparing surgery and antibiotic treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis (APPAC trial, NCT01022567). We evaluated 1065 patients who underwent computed tomography for suspected appendicitis. The on-call radiologist preoperatively analyzed these computed tomography images...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929232/-prevalence-comorbidity-and-interdisciplinary-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-insurance-data-on-outpatient-and-inpatient-care-in-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#8
A Strahl, O Schneider, J Frankenhauser-Mannuß, S Knapstein, C Hermann, B Lembeck, H-M Lorenz, W Rüther, J Flechtenmacher
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has an increased number of comorbidities compared with the general population. OBJECTIVE: Study aim was to collect epidemiological data on prevalence, incidence and comorbidities of RA as well as utilization of outpatient and inpatient care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an age and gender-adjusted case control study, a total of 3.4 million patients insured by the AOK Baden-Württemberg were analysed with respect to visits to physicians, prevalence, incidence and comorbidities of RA...
September 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928084/follow-up-care-for-survivors-of-prostate-cancer-clinical-management-a-program-in-evidence-based-care-systematic-review-and-clinical-practice-guideline
#9
A Loblaw, L H Souter, C Canil, R H Breau, M Haider, L Jamnicky, R Morash, M Surchin, A Matthew
AIMS: This clinical practice guideline was developed to provide evidence-based guidance on the frequency by which prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels should be tested in men after curative-intent treatment for prostate cancer and to define the most appropriate diagnostic testing if biochemical recurrence occurs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search using OVID was used to systematically search the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for systematic reviews and primary literature...
September 16, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927771/-impact-of-a-written-document-for-preoperative-information-on-the-use-of-internet-by-parents
#10
M Landier, T Villemagne, A Le Touze, K Braïk, P Meignan, A R Cook, B Morel, H Lardy, A Binet
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative information is a legal and ethical obligation. Very few studies have evaluated the preoperative information method in pediatrics. Having a child operated on is stressful for parents. The use of Internet to look for data on the pathology and its treatment is frequent, but often unprofitable and sometimes even harmful. This study aimed to measure the impact of a leaflet, which supports spoken information in preoperative consultation, on parents' use of the Internet before surgery...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927439/barriers-and-facilitators-towards-implementing-the-sepsis-six-care-bundle-bliss-1-a-mixed-methods-investigation-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#11
Neil Roberts, Guy Hooper, Fabiana Lorencatto, Wendell Storr, Michael Spivey
BACKGROUND: The 'Sepsis 6', a care bundle of basic, but vital, measures (e.g. intravenous fluid, antibiotics) has been implemented to improve sepsis treatment. However, uptake has been variable. Tools from behavioral sciences, such as the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) may be used to understand and address such implementation issues. This study used a behavioral science approach to identify barriers and facilitators towards Sepsis Six implementation at a case study hospital. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews based on the TDF were conducted with a sample group of consultants, junior doctors and nurses from Emergency Department, Medical and Surgical Admissions, to explore barriers/facilitators to Sepsis Six performance...
September 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927284/shared-medical-appointments-for-patients-with-a-nondiabetic-physical-chronic-illness-a-systematic-review
#12
F Kelly, C Liska, R Morash, J Hu, S L Carroll, R Shorr, S Dent, D Stacey
Objectives Shared medical appointments are group appointments, with an optional individual consultation, for patients diagnosed with chronic illnesses. Shared medical appointments improve diabetes management, but little is known about their use for other illnesses. The objective was to determine the effect that shared medical appointments have on patients with a physical chronic illness, healthcare providers, and the healthcare system. Methods A systematic review was conducted searching databases from January 1970 to September 2016...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926331/-assessment-of-urinary-incontinence-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-observational-study
#13
Juliana Rocha, Pedro Brandão, Anabela Melo, Silvia Torres, Lurdes Mota, Fernanda Costa
INTRODUCTION: The urinary incontinence can affect up to 50% of women at some stage of their lives, particularly during pregnancy and postpartum. This study was designed in order to identify and assess the prevalence and risk factors for urinary incontinence during the third trimester of pregnancy and three months postpartum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and cross-sectional study. The population of the study was composed of 268 women who delivered and were admitted to the Centro Hospitalar Tâmega e Sousa in the years 2013 and 2014, and who agreed to participate in this study...
August 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924978/using-formative-research-to-promote-antenatal-care-attendance-and-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-in-zinder-niger
#14
Sonja Y Hess, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Ibrahim F Bamba, K Ryan Wessells, Nancy Keith, Thierno Faye, Banda Ndiaye, Maimouna Doudou, Jennifer Nielsen
In Niger, use of antenatal care (ANC) and iron folic acid (IFA) supplements is suboptimal. The objectives of this paper are as follows: (a) to conduct formative research to understand barriers and beliefs among pregnant women related to ANC, IFA supplementation, and pregnancy outcomes; (b) assess the quality of currently provided ANC services; (c) use the findings to guide the development of programmatic interventions to improve coverage of ANC services and IFA supplementation of pregnant women. Structured in-home interviews (n = 72) and focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with pregnant women in 4 randomly selected villages in rural Zinder...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924747/effectiveness-of-intensive-primary-care-interventions-a-systematic-review
#15
Samuel T Edwards, Kim Peterson, Brian Chan, Johanna Anderson, Mark Helfand
BACKGROUND: Multicomponent, interdisciplinary intensive primary care programs target complex patients with the goal of preventing hospitalizations, but programs vary, and their effectiveness is not clear. In this study, we systematically reviewed the impact of intensive primary care programs on all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and emergency department use. METHODS: We searched PubMed, CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the Cochrane Database of Reviews of Effects from inception to March 2017...
September 18, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924412/adding-access-to-a-video-magnifier-to-standard-vision-rehabilitation-initial-results-on-reading-performance-and-well-being-from-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
Mary Lou Jackson, Kimberly A Schoessow, Alexandra Selivanova, Jennifer Wallis
PURPOSE: Both optical and electronic magnification are available to patients with low vision. Electronic video magnifiers are more expensive than optical magnifiers, but they offer additional benefits, including variable magnification and contrast. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of access to a video magnifier (VM) added to standard comprehensive vision rehabilitation (VR). METHODS: In this prospective study, 37 subjects with central field loss were randomized to receive standard VR (VR group, 18 subjects) or standard VR plus VM (VM group, 19 subjects)...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924270/clinical-efficacy-of-levonorgestrel-and-norethisterone-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#17
Muhammad Nadeem Ashraf, Agha Habib-Ur-Rehman, Zahid Shehzad, Shakir DakheelAllah AlSharari, Ghulam Murtaza
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of levonorgestrel intrauterine system with oral norethisterone for the treatment of idiopathic chronic abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Jubilee Female Hospital, Civil Hospital and private clinics of consultant gynaecologists in Bahawalpur, Pakistan, from March to August 2014, and comprised patients presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding. The patients were equally and randomly divided into two groups, i...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922947/timely-access-to-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-stroke-a-qualitative-study-of-perceived-barriers-and-potential-solutions-in-ontario-canada
#18
Matthew J Meyer, Robert Teasell, Linda Kelloway, Samantha B Meyer, Deborah Willems, Christina O'Callaghan
PURPOSE: Stroke units have been established as best practice care, in part because they offer timely initiation of rehabilitation. Experts in Ontario, Canada recommend that eligible patients be transferred to inpatient rehabilitation (on average) by day 5 after ischemic stroke and day 7 after a hemorrhagic stroke. This study explores perceived barriers to implementation of these recommendations and potential solutions. METHOD: Exploratory focus groups were held with stakeholders from five geographically diverse regions across Ontario between September 2011 and January 2012...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922337/role-of-the-internet-as-an-information-resource-before-anaesthesia-consultation-a-french-prospective-multicentre-survey
#19
Bastian Nucci, Pierre-Geraud Claret, Gilles Leclerc, Arnaud Chaumeron, Philippe Grillo, Clément Buleon, Vincent Leprince, Mathieu Raux, Vincent Minville, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: Use of the internet as an information search tool has increased dramatically. Our study assessed preoperative use of the internet by patients to search for information regarding anaesthesia, surgery, pain or outcomes. OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to test whether patients used the internet prior to surgery and what kinds of information they looked for (anaesthetic technique, pain, adverse events, outcomes and surgery). Correlation between patient age and information sought about surgery from the internet was also explored...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922271/the-impact-of-telemedicine-on-pediatric-critical-care-triage
#20
Jillian B Harvey, Brooke E Yeager, Christina Cramer, David Wheeler, S David McSwain
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between pediatric critical care telemedicine consultation to rural emergency departments and triage decisions. We compare the triage location and provider rating of the accuracy of remote assessment for a cohort of patients who receive critical care telemedicine consultations and a similar group of patients receiving telephone consultations. DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of consultations occurring between April 2012 and March 2016...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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