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Renal palliative care

Paola Nóbrega Souza, Erique José Peixoto de Miranda, Ronaldo Cruz, Daniel Neves Forte
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of patients with HIV/AIDS and to compare the therapeutic interventions and end-of-life care before and after evaluation by the palliative care team. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all patients with HIV/AIDS admitted to the intensive care unit of the Instituto de Infectologia Emílio Ribas who were evaluated by a palliative care team between January 2006 and December 2012. RESULTS: Of the 109 patients evaluated, 89% acquired opportunistic infections, 70% had CD4 counts lower than 100 cells/mm3, and only 19% adhered to treatment...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Tammy Vu Bach, Jonathan Pan, Anne Kirstein, Cindy Joanne Grief, Daphna Grossman
Palliative care clinicians are increasingly involved in the care of elderly patients suffering from chronic malignant and nonmalignant illnesses, of which neuropathic pain is a prevalent problem. As a person becomes more frail, pain medications such as opioid analgesics and adjuvant pain medications can result in unwanted effects such as sedation, confusion, and increased risk of falls. Treating pain in patients with advanced dementia or neurodegenerative diseases that can affect swallowing is particularly challenging because most adjuvant pain medications used to ameliorate neuropathic pain must be taken orally...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Rachael L Morton, Angela C Webster, Kevin McGeechan, Kirsten Howard, Fliss E M Murtagh, Nicholas A Gray, Peter G Kerr, Michael J Germain, Paul Snelling
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the proportion of patients who switched to dialysis after confirmed plans for conservative care and compare survival and end of life care among patients choosing conservative care with those initiating RRT. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A cohort study of 721 patients on incident dialysis, patients receiving transplants, and conservatively managed patients from 66 Australian renal units entered into the Patient Information about Options for Treatment Study from July 1 to September 30, 2009 were followed for 3 years...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Amara Callistus Nwosu, Catriona R Mayland, Stephen Mason, Trevor F Cox, Andrea Varro, John Ellershaw
BACKGROUND: Hydration in advanced cancer is a controversial area; however, current hydration assessments methods are poorly developed. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) is an accurate hydration tool; however its application in advanced cancer has not been explored. This study used BIVA to evaluate hydration status in advanced cancer to examine the association of fluid status with symptoms, physical signs, renal biochemical measures and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study of 90 adults with advanced cancer receiving care in a UK specialist palliative care inpatient unit was conducted...
2016: PloS One
Sheila Johnston
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3-5 now affects 8.5% of adults in the United Kingdom; with 4% of patients expected to reach stage 5 CKD. Increasing numbers of older patients are contributing to the growth of demand of kidney services. With the exception of transplantation, dialysis has been the main form of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for advanced CKD. This elderly population is usually too frail and has many other co-existing medical complaints or co morbidities to undergo transplantation. Dialysis is an invasive treatment, and some frail elderly patients can experience many dialysis related symptoms...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Kaoru Takeshima, Kazuo Yamafuji, Atsunori Asami, Hideo Baba, Nobuhiko Okamoto, Hidena Takahashi, Chisato Takagi, Kiyoshi Kubochi
Isolated para-aortic lymph node (PLN) recurrence from colorectal cancer (CRC) is rare, with no currently validated treatments. Few reports have described the successful resection of isolated PLN involvement from CRC following chemotherapy. We report the case of a 63-year-old man who underwent sigmoidectomy for sigmoid colon cancer at our hospital. Pathological examination demonstrated advanced sigmoid colon cancer with metastatic involvement in both of the tested PLNs. Palliative chemotherapy was initiated four weeks after surgical resection, with administration of the FOLFIRI regimen...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Barnaby Hole, Sarah Tonkin-Crine, Fergus J Caskey, Paul Roderick
For the majority of patients with end-stage kidney failure (ESKF) replacement of excretory renal function by dialysis or transplantation (RRT) can extend life and alleviate symptoms. Historically, the availability of RRT has been insufficient and this remains the case for much of the world. However, RRT is now widely available in healthcare systems of higher income countries. Increasing numbers of elderly patients are developing ESKF. RRT in this population is largely by dialysis, comorbidity is high and life expectancy short...
August 25, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
Natasha Lovell, Chris Jones, Dawn Baynes, Sarah Dinning, Katie Vinen, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Meeting place-of-death preferences is an important measure of the quality of end-of-life care. Systematic review shows that 42% of end-stage kidney disease patients prefer home death. Little research has been undertaken on place of death. AIM: To understand patterns of place of death in patients with end-stage kidney disease known in one UK renal unit. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of all patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4-5, age ⩾75 and known to one UK renal unit, who died between 2006 and 2012...
August 5, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Kwok Ying Chan, Rock Yuk Yan Leung, Ka Chi Cheung, Clarence Lam, Eleanor Koo, Sylvia Ng
OBJECTIVES: It is quite common to have advanced cancer or end-stage renal disease patients for regular or even frequent blood transfusion in palliative care. However, due to geographical reason in some hospice centers, blood transfusion is sometimes difficult if blood bank is closed during non-office hour or not available. METHODS: Here, we reported a new blood releasing system, that is, remote blood releasing system, that could be used safely by nursing staff alone when the blood bank was closed during the night time and holiday...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Chi Eung Danforn Lim, Rachel W C Ng, Nga Chong Lisa Cheng, Maria Cigolini, Cannas Kwok, Frank Brennan
BACKGROUND: End-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is a chronic, debilitative and progressive illness that may need interventions such as dialysis, transplantation, dietary and fluid restrictions. Most patients with ESKD will require renal replacement therapy, such as kidney transplantation or maintenance dialysis. Advance care planning traditionally encompass instructions via living wills, and concern patient preferences about interventions such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation and feeding tubes, or circumstances around assigning surrogate decision makers...
July 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jennifer St Clair Russell, Dale Lupu, Stephen Seliger, Alvin H Moss
While it may never be "easy" to face these issues with patients, families, and caregivers, CSCKP hopes the best practices and tools outlined in this article, also available at, will be helpful to renal professionals in providing quality supportive and end-of-life care to their patients. Encouraging and participating in shared decision making with patients and their loved ones can help all involved create an approach to care with which everyone is comfortable. The relationships formed through shared decision making will help keep the lines of communication open, which is essential as needs and prognosis change...
May 2016: Nephrology News & Issues
Andrea Galassi, Maria Enrica Giovenzana, Federico Prolo, Anna Maria Colombo, Luciano Orsi, Sergio Fucci, Loredana Sorbara, Silvia Viganò, Chiara Clementi, Susi Falcaro, Sara Auricchio, Beatrice Dozio, Renzo Scanziani
The rate of fragile elderly patients affected by chronic kidney disease stage 5-5D is rapidly increasing. The decision making process regarding the start and the withdrawal of dialysis is often difficult for all those involved: patients, relatives, nephrologists and renal nurses. Therefore nephrologists and renal nurses are called to rapidly improve their theoretical and practical competence about the end-of-life care. The quality of clinical intervention and management requires a sound expertise in the ethical, legal, organizational and therapeutic aspects, not trivial nor even deductible from purely private and individual opinions nor from traditional medical practice...
May 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Melissa W Wachterman, Corey Pilver, Dawn Smith, Mary Ersek, Stuart R Lipsitz, Nancy L Keating
IMPORTANCE: Efforts to improve end-of-life care have focused primarily on patients with cancer. High-quality end-of-life care is also critical for patients with other illnesses. OBJECTIVE: To compare patterns of end-of-life care and family-rated quality of care for patients dying with different serious illnesses. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in all 146 inpatient facilities within the Veteran Affairs health system among patients who died in inpatient facilities between October 1, 2009, and September 30, 2012, with clinical diagnoses categorized as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), cancer, cardiopulmonary failure (congestive heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), dementia, frailty, or other conditions...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Katherine R Courtright, Vanessa Madden, Nicole B Gabler, Elizabeth Cooney, Dylan S Small, Andrea Troxel, David Casarett, Mary Ersek, J Brian Cassel, Lauren Hersch Nicholas, Gabriel Escobar, Sarah H Hill, Dan O'Brien, Mark Vogel, Scott D Halpern
The substantial nationwide investment in inpatient palliative care services stems from their great promise to improve patient-centered outcomes and reduce costs. However, robust experimental evidence of these benefits is lacking. The Randomized Evaluation of Default Access to Palliative Services (REDAPS) study is a pragmatic, stepped-wedge, cluster randomized trial designed to test the efficacy and costs of specialized palliative care consultative services for hospitalized patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia, or end-stage renal disease, as well as the overall effectiveness of ordering such services by default...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
F Cajfinger, P Debourdeau, A Lamblin, V Benatar, N Falvo, Y Benhamou, M A Sevestre, D Farge-Bancel
PURPOSE: Data on long-term treatment with low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) in cancer patients treated for venous thromboembolism are scarce. Study objectives were to document the long-term clinical use of LMWH and patient perception in this setting. METHODS: Adult cancer patients receiving antineoplastic treatment or palliative care and LMWH for cancer associated venous thromboembolism (CAT) were eligible to participate in this prospective observational study...
August 2016: Thrombosis Research
Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Colleen Cartwright, Malcolm H Parker, Gail Williams
OBJECTIVE: Decisions about withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatment (WWLST) from adults who lack capacity are an integral part of intensive care (IC) practice. We compare the knowledge, attitudes and practice of intensivists in relation to the law about WWLST with six other specialties most often involved in end-of-life care. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used a cross-sectional postal survey of medical specialists in the three most populous Australian states, and analysed responses from 867 medical specialists from the seven specialties most likely to be involved in WWLST decisions in the acute-care setting (emergency, geriatric, palliative, renal and respiratory medicine, medical oncology and IC)...
June 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Stephen A Gaeta, Cary Ward, Richard A Krasuski
Advancement in correction or palliation of congenital cardiac lesions has greatly improved the lifespan of congenital heart disease patients, resulting in a rapidly growing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population. As this group has increased in number and age, emerging science has highlighted the systemic nature of ACHD. Providers caring for these patients are tasked with long-term management of multiple neurologic, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, and endocrine manifestations that arise as syndromic associations with congenital heart defects or as sequelae of primary structural or hemodynamic abnormalities...
October 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Donal J Sexton, Aoife C Lowney, Conall M O'Seaghdha, Marie Murphy, Tony O'Brien, Liam F Casserly, Regina McQuillan, William D Plant, Joseph A Eustace, Sinead M Kinsella, Peter J Conlon
Introduction Experience with the use of patient-reported outcome measures such as EQ-5D and the symptom module of the Palliative care Outcome Scale-Renal Version (POS-S Renal) as mortality prediction tools in hemodialysis is limited. Methods A prospective survival study of people receiving hemodialysis (N = 362). The EQ-5D and the POS-S Renal were used to assess symptom burden and self-rated health (with a self-rated component). Participants were followed from instrument completion to death or study end...
May 15, 2016: Hemodialysis International
Cécile Couchoud, Arnaud Del Bello, Thierry Lobbedez, Sylvie Blanchard, François Chantrel, Jocelyne Maurizi-Balzan, Olivier Moranne
AIM: Palliative care is seldom proposed to patients with end-stage renal disease despite a mortality rate and disease burden as high as among cancer patients. The aim of this study is to analyse the access of palliative care-related hospitalization in the management of patients on dialysis in France, by describing the characteristics of these hospitalizations, the clinical status of the concerned patients, and the use of palliative care in those stopping dialysis. METHODS: The French REIN registry includes data about 51,834 patients aged 20 years and older who began dialysis from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2013, and were followed longitudinally until that date...
May 18, 2016: Nephrology
Lindy Willmott, Benjamin White, Cindy Gallois, Malcolm Parker, Nicholas Graves, Sarah Winch, Leonie Kaye Callaway, Nicole Shepherd, Eliana Close
OBJECTIVE: Futile treatment, which by definition cannot benefit a patient, is undesirable. This research investigated why doctors believe that treatment that they consider to be futile is sometimes provided at the end of a patient's life. DESIGN: Semistructured in-depth interviews. SETTING: Three large tertiary public hospitals in Brisbane, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 96 doctors from emergency, intensive care, palliative care, oncology, renal medicine, internal medicine, respiratory medicine, surgery, cardiology, geriatric medicine and medical administration departments...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
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