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Postnasal discharge

C O A Enyuma, M Offiong, A Adekanye, U Akpan, N Ezeanyagu, O Uffiah
Foreign body (FB) in the aerodigestive tracts has been commonly reported but findings of impacted foreign bodies in the nasopharynx following inhalation/ingestion are very rare. Most of the FB gets lodged as a result of forceful vomiting, coughing,and digital manoeuvres for removal of FB in the oropharynx. Several objects have been identified lodged in the nasopharynx. No age group is spared although most victims are children under 10 years of age. Foreign bodies in the nasopharynx can be uneventful or potentially dangerous depending on type, size and location as it may cause sudden airway obstruction, or local pressure necrosis of alimentary or respiratory tract or both...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
Duc Trung Nguyen, Gratien Bonfort, Fabien Arous, Marylisa Felix-Ravelo, Phi-Linh Nguyen-Thi, Roger Jankowski
BACKGROUND: The assessment of residual symptoms after endoscopic sinus surgery for nasal polyposis (NP) could be an accurate way to evaluate surgical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the residual symptoms and their severity at 6 weeks and 7 months after radical ethmoidectomy for NP. METHODS: Sixty-five patients who had surgery for NP were included in this prospective study. Six residual symptoms (nasal obstruction, anterior rhinorrhea, postnasal discharge, olfactory disturbances, facial pain, and cough) were assessed by using the validated Dysfonctionnement Nasal Chronique (French) or Chronic Nasal Dysfunction (English) questionnaire at 6 weeks and 7 months after surgery...
March 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Alper Yenigun, Zeynep Dadaci, Gulay Ozel Sahin, Ahmet Elbay
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is characterized by decreased tear production and/or increased evaporation rates of the tear film barrier. Allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disease that develops through immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa due to allergens. To investigate the prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms and positive skin-prick test results in patients with dry eye. METHODS: This is a case-control study. The study included 57 patients with dry eye and 48 healthy subjects...
March 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Yoshio Nakao, Rei Shibata, Toyoaki Murohara, Tohru Tanigawa
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis is rare even in areas where tuberculosis is endemic. Here, we report a case of rare primary nasopharyngeal tuberculosis, promptly evaluated by nasolaryngoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old woman presented with postnasal drip and a cough of 1-month duration. Endoscopic examination of the nasopharynx revealed irregular mucosal thickening of the right lateral and posterior wall of the naso (epi)-pharynx, which was covered with yellow discharge presenting as postnasal drip...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Jittima Veskitkul, Pakit Vichyanond, Punchama Pacharn, Nualanong Visitsunthorn, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is defined as multiple episodes of acute rhinosinusitis in which the symptoms and signs of infection resolve completely between episodes. Limited data are available on the characteristics and preventive therapy of RARS. This study evaluated the clinical characteristics and predisposing factors of RARS in children as well as the preventive therapy. METHODS: Medical records of children with RARS diagnosed between January 2010 and December 2012 were obtained...
December 2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
T Panogeorgou, E Tserbini, S Filou, D H Vynios, S S Naxakis, T A Papadas, P D Goumas, N S Mastronikolis
Nasal polyps (NPs) are benign lesions of nasal and paranasal sinuses mucosa affecting 1-4 % of all adults. Nasal polyposis affects the quality of patient's life as it causes nasal obstruction, postnasal drainage, purulent nasal discharge, hyposmia or anosmia, chronic sinusitis, facial pain and snoring. Without treatment, the disease can alter the craniofacial skeleton in cases of extended growth of polyps. The development of NPs is caused by the hyperplasia of nasal or paranasal sinuses mucosa, and edema of extracellular matrix...
July 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Tomislav Gregurić, Tomislav Baudoin, Dejan Tomljenović, Marko Grgić, Mario Štefanović, Livije Kalogjera
The objective of this study was to evaluate the interaction of nasal septal deformity (NSD), including the contribution of septal spurs, with the severity of subjective symptoms, impairment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and sinus mucosal hyperplasia in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). One hundred seventeen patients with CRS were assigned to three groups with mild, moderate or severe NSD, according to the measured nasal septal angle, including the presence of contact septal spurs. All CRS patients completed the visual analog scale (VAS) symptom severity score and the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) questionnaire...
March 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Wish Banhiran, Paraya Assanasen, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn, Nongyoa Nujchanart, Siriporn Voraprayoon, Chaweewan Bunnag
UNLABELLED: The objective of this study is to compare outcomes of temperature-controlled radiofrequency (TCRF) and bipolar radiofrequency (BRF) for inferior turbinate reduction in patients with chronic rhinitis (CR). This was a prospective, randomized non-inferiority trial. Eighty-four adult patients with CR refractory to medication were randomized into two intervention groups: TCRF(42) or BRF(42). Primary outcomes consisted of patient-orientated visual analog scale (VAS; 0-10) of nasal obstruction at 4th postoperative week...
October 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Dejan Tomljenovic, Darko Pinter, Livije Kalogjera
Chronic stress exposure carries greater risk of onset of atopic respiratory disorders such as rhinitis and asthma. The interaction between depression, anxiety, and severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has been suggested. We aimed to access the relationship between psychological stress, severity of CRS, and atopy. Sixty-three consecutive patients referred with CRS were asked to score the severity of rhinosinusitis symptoms on a visual analog scale and to fill in questionnaires on the disease-specific quality of life and perceived stress-22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) and measure of perceived stress (MPS) scale, respectively...
September 2014: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Niki Margari, Simon Page
UNLABELLED: A 56-year-old man was brought to the Emergency Department after being found collapsed at his office with a reduced level of consciousness. From clinical examination and initial investigations, he was diagnosed as having bacterial meningitis and was promptly commenced on empirical i.v. antibiotics. Computed tomography of the brain revealed a parenchymal mass at the base of the skull and subsequent magnetic resonance imaging of the head 4 days later confirmed a large soft tissue mass, which extended through to the cavernous sinus...
2014: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Duc Trung Nguyen, Francis Guillemin, Fabien Arous, Roger Jankowski
This prospective study assesses outcomes at 6 weeks and 7 months after radical ethmoid surgery in 65 patients with nasal polyposis using a new and detailed instrument, the DyNaChron questionnaire, which was filled in the day prior to surgery and at 6 weeks and 7 months after surgery at follow-up visits. Before surgery, the leading bothersome symptoms were olfactory disturbances (7.74 ± 2.81) and nasal obstruction (6.66 ± 2.28). After surgery (6th week and 7th month), there was a clear improvement of all symptoms including nasal obstruction, olfactory disturbances, anterior rhinorrhea, postnasal discharge, facial pain/headache and cough in comparison to baseline (p < 0...
February 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Christopher F Thompson, Jeffrey D Suh, Yuan Liu, Marvin Bergsneider, Marilene B Wang
Background/Objective Our institution previously showed that patients experience significant postoperative sinonasal symptoms for the first few months after endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal skull base surgery (eTNTS). Since our initial study we have modified our technique, discontinuing routine resection of the middle turbinate, maxillary antrostomies, and nasoseptal flaps. In this study, we analyze whether these technical modifications decrease postoperative sinonasal morbidity after eTNTS. Methods A retrospective review was performed of 93 consecutive patients who underwent eTNTS at a tertiary academic medical center from August 2011 to August 2012...
February 2014: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Yong-Wan Kim, Jung-Hoon Lee, Sung-Lyong Hong, Kyu-Sup Cho
INTRODUCTION: Although several anatomical anomalies in the middle turbinate have been reported, they usually remain asymptomatic. However, complicated aberrant middle turbinate extending through the choana to the contralateral nasopharynx has not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old Korean woman presented with a 6-month history of nasal obstruction and postnasal discharge refractory to medical treatment. An endoscopic examination revealed an abnormal middle turbinate, and a pedunculated nasal mass covered with normal mucosa that originated from the right lateral nasal wall filled most of the right posterior choana and extended to the left nasopharynx across the posterior free edge of the nasal septum...
2013: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ali Kutlu, Murat Salihoglu, Aptullah Haholu, Enver Cesmeci, Hakan Cincik, Sami Ozturk
It is well known that desensitization treatment with aspirin can significantly improve symptoms and quality of life in patient with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease. However, its mechanism has not been clearly understood yet. In this case report, 41-year-old male patient was referred to our allergy and immunology department with complaints of chronic rhinosinusitis including postnasal discharge, sneezing, facial pain/pressure, waking up tired, nasal obstruction, smell loss for a long time. According to the patient, the complaints were controlled partially with nasal steroid and antihistamines, and single dose parenteral depot steroids were highly effective in controlling the symptoms and each time this effect lasted at least three weeks...
December 2013: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Yavuz Atar, Ilhan Topaloglu, Deniz Ozcan
Metastatic renal cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx, nasal cavity, and paranasal sinuses can be misdiagnosed as primary malignant or benign diseases. A 33-year-old male attended our outpatient clinic complaining of difficulty breathing through the nose, bloody nasal discharge, postnasal drop, snoring, and discharge of phlegm. Endoscopic nasopharyngeal examination showed a vascularized nasopharyngeal mass. Under general anesthesia, multiple punch biopsies were taken from the nasopharynx. Pathologically, the tumor cells had clear cytoplasm and were arranged in a trabecular pattern lined by a layer of endothelial cells...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Ina Callebaut, Valérie Hox, Sonja Bobic, Dominique M A Bullens, Wim Janssens, Lieven Dupont, Peter W Hellings
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal inflammation and symptoms are often underdiagnosed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. So far, it is not known to what extent anti-inflammatory nasal treatment may reduce sinonasal symptoms in COPD patients. This study was designed to examine the effects of nasal anti-inflammatory treatment on sinonasal symptoms and cough in COPD patients. METHODS: Thirty-three COPD patients on stable bronchial therapy (salmeterol/fluticasone propionate 50/500 mg b...
July 2013: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Jang Yul Byun, Jae Yong Lee
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the efficacy of canine fossa puncture (CFP) by comparing patients with unilateral chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) accompanying nasal polyposis (NP) who underwent CFP with those who underwent maxillary sinus clearance through a middle meatal antrostomy (MMA). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients were randomly assigned to the CFP and MMA groups. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) established that all patients had severely diseased maxillary sinuses...
December 2013: Laryngoscope
Ajay Kothadiya
Tonsillitis causes considerable short and medium term morbidity, and can be recurrent. Sinusitis can be acute (less than 4 weeks), subacute (4-8 weeks) or chronic (8 weeks or more). To study the comparative efficacy and safety of multidose treatments of lincomycin hydrochloride 500 mg capsules against cefpodoxime proxetil 200 mg tablets on its outcome in the Indian scenario are the aims and objective of the study. A total of 41 tonsillitis, sinusitis cases of either gender aged above 18 years were enrolled in the study...
August 2012: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
J Suzuki, T Oshima, K Watanabe, H Suzuki, T Kobayashi, S Hashimoto
AIM: Rhino-sinus mucosal involvement is well documented in untreated lepromatous leprosy, but less understood in ex-leprosy patients (i.e. leprosy patients who have been treated and cured) with atrophic rhinitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rhino-sinus abnormalities were investigated in 13 ex-lepromatous leprosy patients with atrophic rhinitis, using interviews enquiring about sinonasal symptoms, nasal endoscopy, nasal swab culture and computed tomography. Endoscopic sinus surgery had been performed in three patients...
March 2013: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Wan-Ji Lee, Yoon-Seok Chung, Hee Sook Yoon, Chun Kang, Kisoon Kim
In 2005, human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1) was isolated and identified from a 71-year-old man with pneumonia in Hong Kong. To identify and classify genotypes of HCoV-HKU1 in Korea, a sensitive, specific, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was developed and analyzed the sequences of HCoV-HKU1 isolated in Korea. A total of 1,985 respiratory specimens taken from patients with acute respiratory illness were tested for HCoV-HKU1 from January 2007 to May 2008. The major clinical symptoms associated with HCoV-HKU1 infection were examined statistically and sequence variations of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), spike, and nucleocapsid genes were also analyzed...
February 2013: Journal of Medical Virology
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