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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530262/transtracheal-endoscopic-assisted-resection-of-a-rare-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-in-adult-trachea-a-case-report
#1
S Reddy, R Swamy, D V Kumar Irugu, K V V Ramji
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) are rare and clinically benign in childhood, and malignant in adults. The aetiology of IMTs is not clear, and recent studies report it as true neoplasm rather than a reactive or inflammatory lesion. IMTs can involve any part of the body, but are usually common in lungs. These are rarely seen in adults and tracheal involvement is also rare in both adults and children. We describe an 18-year-old woman who presented with respiratory difficulty to the emergency department...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529003/determination-of-the-appropriate-oropharyngeal-airway-size-in-adults-assessment-using-ventilation-and-an-endoscopic-view
#2
Hyun Joo Kim, Shin Hyung Kim, Ji Young Min, Wyun Kon Park
INTRODUCTION: Size 9 and 8 airways for men and women, respectively, have been proposed as most appropriate based on endoscopy. However, a limitation of this guideline is that ventilation was not assessed. METHODS: In this retrospective review of prospectively collected data, 149 patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anesthesia were included. The adequacy for manual and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation and views at the distal end of each airway was assessed using a fiber-optic bronchoscope with various airway sizes (7, 8, 9, 10, and 11)...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528427/repeated-systemic-administration-of-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-prevents-tracheal-obliteration-in-a-murine-model-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#3
William Lorenzi, Fabiany Da Costa Gonçalves, Natália Schneider, Éverton Franco Silva, Fernanda Visioli, Ana Helena Paz, Mauricio Guidi Saueressig
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ASC) administered either systemically or locally in a murine model of bronchiolitis obliterans. RESULTS: When compared to controls, systemic treatment with 10(6) ASCs on D0 and a second dose on D7 significantly prevented tracheal obliteration 28 days after heterotopic tracheal transplantation (median of 94 vs. 16%; P < 0.01). A single dose tended towards less stenosis than controls, but did not reach statistical significance (28 vs...
May 20, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527873/comparison-of-xenon-with-led-illuminant-in-difficult-and-inhalation-injury-airway-scenario-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-study
#4
Andreas Moritz, Johannes Prottengeier, Joachim Schmidt
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a Xenon halogen with a light-emitting diode (LED) laryngoscope light handle in a difficult airway scenario, as well as in an inhalation injury airway scenario that combines a difficult airway and a limited view. METHODS: We recruited forty-two anesthetists into a randomized crossover trial. Each performed tracheal intubation (TI) with a Xenon halogen and a LED light handle in the two manikin scenarios...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526113/neonatal-esophageal-trachealization-and-esophagocarinoplasty-in-the-treatment-of-flow-limited-floyd-ii-tracheal-agenesis
#5
John C Densmore, Keith T Oldham, Kathleen M Dominguez, Elizabeth R Berdan, Michael E McCormick, David J Beste, Louella B Amos, Cecilia A Lang, Ronald K Woods, Peter C Kouretas, Michael E Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525608/surgical-resection-for-advanced-lung-cancer-using-the-hemi-clamshell-approach
#6
Yasushi Shintani, Ryu Kanzaki, Tomohiro Kawamura, Soichiro Funaki, Masato Minami, Meinoshin Okumura, Eiji Okura, Yoshihisa Kadota, Mitsunori Ohta
OBJECTIVES: The hemi-clamshell (HCS) approach consists of partial sternotomy with antero-lateral thoracotomy. This study evaluated the utilities and outcomes of the HCS approach in advanced lung cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 45 patients who underwent surgery for advanced lung cancer via the HCS procedure between 2000 and 2014, the indications for surgery being tumour invasion extending to the aorta arch in 5, descending aorta in 9, main pulmonary artery in 5, superior vena cava in 6, right or left atrium in 4, apical thoracic dome in 7 patients and mediastinal lymphadenopathy for left-sided lung cancer in 12...
May 19, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525401/glidescope-versus-airtraq-dl-for-double-lumen-tracheal-tube-insertion-in-patients-with-a-predicted-or-known-difficult-airway-a-randomised-study
#7
Olivier Belze, Evan Lepage, Yvan Bazin, Pierre Kerourin, Jacques Fusciardi, Francis Remérand, Fabien Espitalier
BACKGROUND: Double-lumen tracheal tube (DLT) insertion can be managed with videolaryngoscopes such as the Glidescope or indirect laryngoscopes like the Airtraq DL. No study has compared both devices when a difficult intubation is predicted. OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis was that the Glidescope is superior to the Airtraq for double-lumen tube insertion in patients with a predicted or known difficult airway. DESIGN: Adult patients scheduled for elective thoracic surgery with a predicted risk (evaluated preoperatively using the Arné score) or history of difficult intubation were allocated randomly to one of two groups: a Glidescope group and an Airtraq group...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525340/detection-of-bordetella-avium-by-taqman-real-time-pcr-in-tracheal-swabs-from-wildlife-birds
#8
T Stenzel, D Pestka, B Tykałowski, M Śmiałek, A Koncicki, A Bancerz-Kisiel
Bordetella avium, the causing agent of bordetellosis, a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract in young poultry, causes significant losses in poultry farming throughout the world. Wildlife birds can be a reservoir of various pathogens that infect farm animals. For this reason the studies were conducted to estimate the prevalence of Bordetella avium in wildlife birds in Poland. Tracheal swab samples were collected from 650 birds representing 27 species. The bacterial DNA was isolated directly from the swabs and screened for Bordetella avium by TaqMan real-time PCR...
March 28, 2017: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524733/cartilage-engineering-in-reconstructive-surgery-auricular-nasal-and-tracheal-engineering-from-a-surgical-perspective
#9
Paul Severin Wiggenhauser, Jan Thorsten Schantz, Nicole Rotter
This review provides an update on cartilage tissue engineering with particular focus on the head and neck. It is aimed at scientists and clinicians who are interested in tissue engineering and its clinical applicability. Principal tissue engineering strategies are summarized in the first part of this review. In the second part, current clinical approaches to auricular, nasal and tracheal reconstruction are discussed from a surgical perspective. By this approach, the requirements for clinical applicability are outlined and new insight into relevant aims of research is given to accelerate the transfer from bench to bedside...
May 19, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524026/-high-flow-nasal-cannulae-oxygen-in-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-meta-analysis
#10
Weigang Yue, Zhigang Zhang, Caiyun Zhang, Liping Yang, Jufang He, Yuying Hou, Ying Tang, Jinhui Tian
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannulae oxygen (HFNC) in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: Computerized PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang Database up to March 31st, 2017, all published available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies about HFNC therapy for patients with respiratory failure were searched. The control group was treated with face mask oxygen therapy (FM) or non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), while the experimental group was treated with HFNC...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523732/long-term-respiratory-outcomes-after-primary-total-correction-for-tetralogy-of-fallot-and-absent-pulmonary-valve-in-patient-with-respiratory-symptoms
#11
Takaya Hoashi, Toru Iwasa, Koji Kagisaki, Masatoshi Shimada, Kenichi Kurosaki, Isao Shiraishi, Hajime Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: To review long-term respiratory outcomes for tetralogy of Fallot and absent pulmonary valve (TOF/APV) in respiratory symptomatic populations. METHODS: Of 25 consecutive patients undergoing primary total correction for TOF/APV between 1987 and 2016, Sixteen patients (64%) with a preoperative respiratory disturbance were enrolled. The median age at operation was 1.9 months old, including 4 neonates and 12 infants. Ten patients (62.5%) preoperatively necessitated mechanical ventilator support...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523194/pneumomediastinum-and-bilateral-pneumothoraces-causing-respiratory-failure-after-thyroid-surgery
#12
Michael Koeppen, Benjamin Scott, Joseph Morabito, Matthew Fiegel, Tobias Eckle
We report the first case of severe respiratory failure after thyroid surgery requiring venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO). The patient was a 41-year-old woman with metastatic thyroid cancer. She underwent thyroidectomy, including left lateral and bilateral central neck dissection. During surgery, the patient developed pneumomediastinum with bilateral pneumothoraces. Despite early treatment with bilateral chest tubes and no evidence of a tracheal perforation, the patient developed severe respiratory failure after extubation on the intensive care unit...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523156/predictors-of-length-of-stay-and-duration-of-tracheal-intubation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#13
Vasileios Patris, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Mihalis Argiriou, Katerina K Naka, Efstratios Apostolakis, Mark Field, Manoj Kuduvalli, Aung Oo, Stavros Siminelakis
BACKGROUND: While short-term outcomes for patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have long been studied, there is very little data on their predictors. We aimed to identify the predictors of outcomes, such as intensive care unit (ICU) and in-hospital length of stay (LOS), duration of postoperative intubation and in-hospital mortality, after TAVI procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 162 consecutive patients with aortic valve disease, who were admitted to a tertiary hospital of Liverpool for TAVI, during a five-year period...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523152/the-end-of-the-road-for-early-tracheal-intubation-in-cardiac-arrest
#14
EDITORIAL
Shu-Ling Chong, Jan Hau Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522300/primary-reconstructive-method-for-tracheal-defect-from-invasion-by-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#15
Atsumori Hamahata, Takeshi Beppu, Takashi Yamaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma is not highly malignant, and thus surgical resection is the most common treatment even if the carcinoma has invaded the trachea. Although some cases exist in which the carcinoma invades the trachea, using the tracheal window resection method allows complete resection of the carcinoma. Yet these patients must often control a large tracheocutaneous wound until reconstructive surgery is performed because such surgery occurs secondarily. Our hospital admitted three patients for which tracheally invasive, differentiated thyroid carcinoma was surgically resected...
May 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522278/a-large-french-multicenter-retrospective-series-of-t1-t2n0-vocal-cords-carcinomas-treated-with-exclusive-irradiation
#16
A Robert, Y Pointreau, G Janoray, É Bardet, M Fesneau, P Garaud, S Chapet, C Lafond, O Dupuis, G Calais
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the 5-year efficacy of exclusive laryngeal radiotherapy without node prophylactic irradiation for localized cancers of the vocal cords. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts from 258 patients with T1-T2N0 glottic carcinoma irradiated from April 1987 to March 2015 in four France western centers, including pretreated patients. Toxicity was analyzed according to CTCAE v4.0 classification. RESULTS: The median follow-up was 50 months...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515752/extended-resection-of-the-trachea-in-a-patient-with-cicatricial-tracheal-stenosis-after-tracheostomy-complicated-with-esophageal-tracheal-fistula-and-extensive-defect-of-the-frontal-tracheal-wall
#17
Shukhrat Khudaybergenov, Otabek Eshonkhodjaev, Sodiqjon Abdusalomov, Bakhrom Amanov
We present a case of one-stage radical surgical treatment of a 24-year-old female patient with cicatricial granulating tracheal stenosis after tracheostomy complicated by esophageal-tracheal fistula and an extensive defect of the anterior wall of the trachea after numerous unsuccessful attempts to correct the narrowing of the trachea and eliminate the fistula by endoscopic and open surgical techniques. The patient underwent extended tracheal resection with end-to-end anastomosis with liquidation of the esophageal-tracheal fistula and elimination of the defect of the anterior wall of the trachea by cervical access...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515523/comparison-of-endotracheal-intubation-time-in-neutral-position-between-c-mac-%C3%A2-and-airtraq-%C3%A2-laryngoscopes-a-prospective-randomised-study
#18
Syed Moied Ahmed, Kashmiri Doley, Manazir Athar, Nadeem Raza, Obaid Ahmad Siddiqi, Shahna Ali
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the recent past, many novel devices such as AirTraq(®) and C-MAC(®) video laryngoscope (VL) have been introduced in an attempt to reduce anaesthetic morbidity and mortality associated with difficult intubation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate and compare C-MAC(®) VL with a standard Macintosh blade and the AirTraq(®) optical laryngoscope as a intubating devices with the patient's head in neutral position. METHODS: Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologist Physical Status I-II patients were randomly assigned to be intubated with C-MAC(®) VL (Group CM; n = 30) or AirTraq(®) (Group AT; n = 30) in the neutral position, with or without the application of optimization manoeuvres...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515522/comparison-of-airtraq%C3%A2-mccoy%C3%A2-and-macintosh-laryngoscopes-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-cervical-spine-immobilisation-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#19
Vinod Hosalli, B K Arjun, Uday Ambi, Shivanand Hulakund
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The study aimed at comparing the performance of the novel optical Airtraq™ laryngoscope with the McCoy™ and conventional Macintosh laryngoscopes for ease of endotracheal intubation in patients with neck immobilisation using manual inline axial cervical spine stabilisation (MIAS) technique. METHODS: Ninety consenting American Society of Anaesthesiologist's physical status I-II patients, aged 18-60 years, scheduled for various surgeries requiring tracheal intubation were randomly assigned into three groups of thirty each to undergo intubation with Macintosh, Airtraq™, or McCoy™ laryngoscope with neck immobilisation by MIAS technique...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515521/comparative-evaluation-of-airtraq%C3%A2-optical-laryngoscope-and-miller-s-blade-in-paediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery-requiring-tracheal-intubation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Bikramjit Das, Arijit Samanta, Subhro Mitra, Shahin Nikhat Jamil
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Airtraq™ optical laryngoscope is the only marketed videolaryngoscope for paediatric patients besides the fibre-optic bronchoscope. We hypothesized that intubation would be easier with Airtraq™ compared to Miller blade. Hence, we compared Airtraq™ with the Miller laryngoscope as intubation devices in paediatric patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomized study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Sixty children belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade I-II, aged 2-10 years, posted for routine surgery requiring tracheal intubation were randomly allocated to undergo intubation using a Miller (n = 30) or Airtraq™ (n = 30) laryngoscope...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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