Read by QxMD icon Read

HDAC AND monocyte

Luca Cassetta, Jeffrey W Pollard
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) contribute to breast cancer progression and dissemination; TAM-targeting strategies aimed at their reprogramming show promising preclinical results. In a new report Guerriero and colleagues demonstrate that a novel HDAC Class IIa inhibitor, TMP195, can reprogram monocytes and macrophages in the tumor into cells able to sustain a robust CD8 T cell-mediated anti-tumoral immune response.
April 21, 2017: Cell Research
Gang Li, Souvik Kusari, Christopher Golz, Hartmut Laatsch, Carsten Strohmann, Michael Spiteller
An endophytic fungus, Eupenicillium sp. LG41, isolated from the Chinese medicinal plant Xanthium sibiricum, was subjected to epigenetic modulation using an NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, nicotinamide. Epigenetic stimulation of the endophyte led to enhanced production of two new decalin-containing compounds, eupenicinicols C and D (3 and 4), along with two biosynthetically related known compounds, eujavanicol A (1) and eupenicinicol A (2). The structures and stereochemistry of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis using LC-HRMS, NMR, optical rotation, and ECD calculations, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Jennifer L Guerriero, Alaba Sotayo, Holly E Ponichtera, Jessica A Castrillon, Alexandra L Pourzia, Sara Schad, Shawn F Johnson, Ruben D Carrasco, Suzan Lazo, Roderick T Bronson, Scott P Davis, Mercedes Lobera, Michael A Nolan, Anthony Letai
Although the main focus of immuno-oncology has been manipulating the adaptive immune system, harnessing both the innate and adaptive arms of the immune system might produce superior tumour reduction and elimination. Tumour-associated macrophages often have net pro-tumour effects, but their embedded location and their untapped potential provide impetus to discover strategies to turn them against tumours. Strategies that deplete (anti-CSF-1 antibodies and CSF-1R inhibition) or stimulate (agonistic anti-CD40 or inhibitory anti-CD47 antibodies) tumour-associated macrophages have had some success...
March 16, 2017: Nature
Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Katia Carneiro, José Marques Brito, Mariana Cabanel, Jonathas Xavier Pereira, Ligia de Almeida Paiva, Wingkin Syn, Neil C Henderson, Marcia Cury El-Cheikh
Schistosomiasis affects approximately 240 million people in the world. Schistosoma mansoni eggs in the liver induce periportal fibrosis and hepatic failure driven by monocyte recruitment and macrophage activation, resulting in robust Th2 response. Here, we suggested a possible involvement of Galectin-3 (Gal-3), histone deacetylases (HDACs), and Hedgehog (Hh) signaling with macrophage activation during Th1/Th2 immune responses, fibrogranuloma reaction, and tissue repair during schistosomiasis. Gal-3 is highly expressed by liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) around Schistosoma eggs...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Su Hwa Jang, Helen Chen, Peter K Gregersen, Betty Diamond, Sun Jung Kim
A SNP identified as rs548234, which is found in PRDM1, the gene that encodes BLIMP1, is a risk allele associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). BLIMP1 expression was reported to be decreased in women with the PRDM1 rs548234 risk allele compared with women with the nonrisk allele in monocyte-derived DCs (MO-DCs). In this study, we demonstrate that BLIMP1 expression is regulated by the binding of Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) to the risk SNP. KLF4 is highly expressed in MO-DCs but undetectable in B cells, consistent with the lack of altered expression of BLIMP1 in B cells from risk SNP carriers...
January 12, 2017: JCI Insight
Sy-Jye Leu, Yi-Yuan Yang, Hsing-Cheng Liu, Chieh-Yu Cheng, Yu-Chen Wu, Ming-Chyi Huang, Yuen-Lun Lee, Chi-Ching Chen, Winston W Shen, Ko-Jiunn Liu
Valproic acid (VPA), with inhibition activity mainly toward histone deacetylase (HDAC) and Glycogen Synthase Kinase (GSK)-3, and lithium, with inhibition activity mainly toward GSK-3, are both prescribed in clinical as mood-stabilizers and anticonvulsants for the control of bipolar disorder. This study aims to compare the immuno-modulation activities of VPA and lithium, especially on the differentiation and functions of dendritic cells (DC). Our data show that treatment with VPA or lithium effectively alleviated the severity of collagen-induced arthritis triggered by LPS in mice...
May 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Neha R Dhoke, Evangelene Kalabathula, Komal Kaushik, Ramasatyaveni Geesala, B Sravani, Amitava Das
Mouse bone marrow stromal stem/progenitor cells (BMSCs, also known as bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells) and Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells (HSPCs) with differential proliferative potentials were investigated for identifying epigenetic signals that can modulate their growth. In the present study, immunodepletion of granulo-monocytic (CD11b) and erythroid (Ter119) population yielded CD11b(-)/Ter119(-) cells, capable of differentiating into chondrogenic, osteogenic and adipogenic cells. Enrichment of the CD11b(+) population by positive selection of multipotent stem/progenitor marker (CD133) yielded CD11b(+)/CD133(+) cells, efficiently differentiated into hematopoietic lineages...
July 2016: Stem Cell Research
Marisela Agudelo, Gloria Figueroa, Tiyash Parira, Adriana Yndart, Karla Muñoz, Venkata Atluri, Thangavel Samikkannu, Madhavan P Nair
Epigenetic mechanisms have been shown to play a role in alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and may prove to be valuable therapeutic targets. However, the involvement of histone deacetylases (HDACs) on alcohol-induced oxidative stress of human primary monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) has not been elucidated. In the current study, we took a novel approach combining ex vivo, in vitro and in silico analyses to elucidate the mechanisms of alcohol-induced oxidative stress and role of HDACs in the periphery. ex vivo and in vitro analyses of alcohol-modulation of class I HDACs and activity by MDDCs from self-reported alcohol users and non-alcohol users was performed...
2016: PloS One
Wupeng Liao, W S Daniel Tan, W S Fred Wong
LPS and IFN-γ alone or in combination have been implicated in the development of steroid resistance. Combined LPS/IFN-γ strongly upregulates IL-27 production, which has been linked to steroid-resistant airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Andrographolide, a bioactive molecule isolated from the plant Andrographis paniculata, has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study investigated whether andrographolide could restore steroid sensitivity to block LPS/IFN-γ-induced IL-27 production and AHR via its antioxidative property...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Borja G Cosío, Hanaa Shafiek, Amanda Iglesias, Aina Yanez, Rocío Córdova, Alexandre Palou, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Germán Peces-Barba, Sergi Pascual, Joaquim Gea, Oriol Sibila, Peter J Barnes, Alvar Agusti
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterized by chronic inflammation. In vitro and ex vivo observations suggest that this inflammatory response is partially resistant to the effect of corticosteroids and that low-dose theophylline can restore this response via enhancement of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. Whether this occurs in vivo and what its potential clinical consequences are is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this trial was to determine whether low-dose theophylline on top of inhaled long-acting β2-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients with COPD (1) enhances HDAC activity and the antiinflammatory effects of ICS in vivo, (2) reduces the concentration of inflammatory markers, and (3) reduces exacerbation frequency...
July 2016: Chest
Junya Makino, Rie Ogasawara, Tetsuro Kamiya, Hirokazu Hara, Yukari Mitsugi, Eiji Yamaguchi, Akichika Itoh, Tetsuo Adachi
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is one of the main SOD isozymes and plays an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases by accelerating the dismutation reaction of superoxide. Royal jelly includes 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA, 2), which regulates the expression of various types of genes in epigenetics through the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) antagonism. The expression of EC-SOD was previously reported to be regulated epigenetically through histone acetylation in THP-1 cells...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Xin Qu, Hongna Yu, Bei Jia, Xiaoyan Yu, Qing Cui, Zhifen Liu, Chengming Sun, Yongli Chu
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases in later life, yet with underlying mechanisms unclear. The present study was to explore the association of upregulated histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC 2) with the impaired mitochondrial function and the cytokine secretion in the monocytes/macrophages from GDM patients. In this study, we examined the mitochondrial function, proinflamatory cytokine secretion and the HDAC 2 level in the serum or in the monocytes/macrophages from GDM patients, investigated the influence by HDAC 2 inhibitor, AR-42 (N-hydroxy-4-[[(2S)-3-methyl-2-phenylbutanoyl]amino]benzamide), on the mitochondrial function and cytokine secretion in the isolated GDM monocytes/macrophages...
June 2016: Cell Biology International
Joanna Zabkiewicz, Marie Gilmour, Robert Hills, Pares Vyas, Elizabeth Bone, Alan Davidson, Alan Burnett, Steven Knapper
Tefinostat (CHR-2845) is a novel monocyte/macrophage-targeted histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor which is cleaved into its active acid by the intracellular esterase human carboxylesterase-1 (hCE-1). The in vitro efficacy of tefinostat was characterised in cell lines and in a cohort of 73 primary AML and CMML samples. Dose-dependent induction of apoptosis and significant growth inhibitory effects were seen in myelomonocytic (M4), monocytic/monoblastic (M5) and CMML samples in comparison to non-monocytoid AML sub-types (p = 0...
March 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Kaustav Das Gupta, Melanie R Shakespear, Abishek Iyer, David P Fairlie, Matthew J Sweet
Macrophages have central roles in danger detection, inflammation and host defense, and consequently, these cells are intimately linked to most disease processes. Major advances in our understanding of the development and function of macrophages have recently come to light. For example, it is now clear that tissue-resident macrophages can be derived from either blood monocytes or through local proliferation of phagocytes that are originally seeded during embryonic development. Metabolic state has also emerged as a major control point for macrophage activation phenotypes...
January 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Tara Hurst, Matthew Pace, Aris Katzourakis, Rodney Phillips, Paul Klenerman, John Frater, Gkikas Magiorkinis
BACKGROUND: While antiretroviral therapies have improved life expectancy and reduced viral loads in HIV-1-positive individuals, the cessation of treatment results in a rebound of viral replication. This suggests that a reservoir of latently-infected cells remains within these patients, the identity of which is ill-defined and therefore difficult to target therapeutically. Current strategies are aimed at using drugs such as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to induce the expression of latent HIV-1 proviruses in order to activate and ultimately eradicate this reservoir of infected cells...
February 6, 2016: Retrovirology
Chunting Tan, Lingling Xuan, Shuhua Cao, Ganggang Yu, Qi Hou, Haoyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is a class I histone deacetylase family member that plays a critical role in suppressing inflammatory gene expression in the airways, lung parenchyma, and alveolar macrophages in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the expression of HDAC2 in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, and serum inflammatory cytokine levels in COPD patients, smokers, and non-smokers remains unclear. METHODS: PBMCs were obtained from COPD patients, healthy smokers, and healthy nonsmokers...
2016: PloS One
May Young Lin, Marcel R de Zoete, Jos P M van Putten, Karin Strijbis
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are products of microbial fermentation that are important for intestinal epithelial health. Here, we describe that SCFAs have rapid and reversible effects on toll-like receptor (TLR) responses in epithelial cells. Incubation of HEK293 or HeLa epithelial cells with the SCFAs butyrate or propionate at physiological concentrations enhanced NF-κB activation induced by TLR5, TLR2/1, TLR4, and TLR9 agonists. NF-κB activation in response to tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) was also increased by SCFAs...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Ting Zhao, Yongqing Li, Baoling Liu, Baihong Pan, Xin Cheng, Patrick Georgoff, Hasan B Alam
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that Tubastatin A, a selective inhibitor of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), improves survival and increases circulating monocyte count and bacterial clearance in a lethal model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in mice. The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of inhibition of HDAC6 on the bone marrow cell population. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were subjected to CLP and, 1 hour later, given an intraperitoneal injection of either Tubastatin A (70 mg/kg) dissolved in DMSO or DMSO alone (n = 9 per group)...
January 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Ning Dong, Bing Xu, Hong Shi, Xin Tang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the inflammatory effect of amadori-glycated albumin (AGA) in cultured rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and to further explore the potential mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of baicalein. METHODS: Primary rat retinal neurons were separated and cultured. The levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA and soluble MCP-1 produced by RGCs in response to AGA were measured with quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
September 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mariana Cabanel, Camila Brand, Maria Cecilia Oliveira-Nunes, Mariela Pires Cabral-Piccin, Marcela Freitas Lopes, Jose Marques Brito, Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Marcia Cury El-Cheikh, Katia Carneiro
Inflammatory chronic pathologies are complex processes characterized by an imbalance between the resolution of the inflammatory phase and the establishment of tissue repair. The main players in these inflammatory pathologies are bone marrow derived monocytes (BMDMs). However, how monocyte differentiation is modulated to give rise to specific macrophage subpopulations (M1 or M2) that may either maintain the chronic inflammatory process or lead to wound healing is still unclear. Considering that inhibitors of Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) have an anti-inflammatory activity, we asked whether this enzyme would play a role on monocyte differentiation into M1 or M2 phenotype and in the cell shape transition that follows...
2015: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"