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HDAC AND monocyte

Sy-Jye Leu, Yi-Yuan Yang, Hsing-Cheng Liu, Chieh-Yu Cheng, Yu-Chen Wu, Ming-Chyi Huang, Yuen-Lun Lee, Chi-Ching Chen, Winston W Shen, Ko-Jiunn Liu
Valproic acid (VPA), with inhibition activity mainly towards histone deacetylase (HDAC) and Glycogen Synthase Kinase (GSK)-3, and lithium, with inhibition activity mainly toward GSK-3, are both prescribed in clinical as mood-stabilizers and anticonvulsants for the control of bipolar disorder. This study aims to compare the immuno-modulation activities of VPA and lithium, especially on the differentiation and functions of dendritic cells (DC). Our data show that treatment with VPA or lithium effectively alleviated the severity of collagen-induced arthritis triggered by LPS in mice...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Neha R Dhoke, Evangelene Kalabathula, Komal Kaushik, Ramasatyaveni Geesala, B Sravani, Amitava Das
Mouse bone marrow stromal stem/progenitor cells (BMSCs, also known as bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells) and Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells (HSPCs) with differential proliferative potentials were investigated for identifying epigenetic signals that can modulate their growth. In the present study, immunodepletion of granulo-monocytic (CD11b) and erythroid (Ter119) population yielded CD11b(-)/Ter119(-) cells, capable of differentiating into chondrogenic, osteogenic and adipogenic cells. Enrichment of the CD11b(+) population by positive selection of multipotent stem/progenitor marker (CD133) yielded CD11b(+)/CD133(+) cells, efficiently differentiated into hematopoietic lineages...
July 2016: Stem Cell Research
Marisela Agudelo, Gloria Figueroa, Tiyash Parira, Adriana Yndart, Karla Muñoz, Venkata Atluri, Thangavel Samikkannu, Madhavan P Nair
Epigenetic mechanisms have been shown to play a role in alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and may prove to be valuable therapeutic targets. However, the involvement of histone deacetylases (HDACs) on alcohol-induced oxidative stress of human primary monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) has not been elucidated. In the current study, we took a novel approach combining ex vivo, in vitro and in silico analyses to elucidate the mechanisms of alcohol-induced oxidative stress and role of HDACs in the periphery. ex vivo and in vitro analyses of alcohol-modulation of class I HDACs and activity by MDDCs from self-reported alcohol users and non-alcohol users was performed...
2016: PloS One
Wupeng Liao, W S Daniel Tan, W S Fred Wong
LPS and IFN-γ alone or in combination have been implicated in the development of steroid resistance. Combined LPS/IFN-γ strongly upregulates IL-27 production, which has been linked to steroid-resistant airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Andrographolide, a bioactive molecule isolated from the plant Andrographis paniculata, has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The present study investigated whether andrographolide could restore steroid sensitivity to block LPS/IFN-γ-induced IL-27 production and AHR via its antioxidative property...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Borja G Cosío, Hanaa Shafiek, Amanda Iglesias, Aina Yanez, Rocío Córdova, Alexandre Palou, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Germán Peces-Barba, Sergi Pascual, Joaquim Gea, Oriol Sibila, Peter J Barnes, Alvar Agusti
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterized by chronic inflammation. In vitro and ex vivo observations suggest that this inflammatory response is partially resistant to the effect of corticosteroids and that low-dose theophylline can restore this response via enhancement of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. Whether this occurs in vivo and what its potential clinical consequences are is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this trial was to determine whether low-dose theophylline on top of inhaled long-acting β2-agonists and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients with COPD (1) enhances HDAC activity and the antiinflammatory effects of ICS in vivo, (2) reduces the concentration of inflammatory markers, and (3) reduces exacerbation frequency...
July 2016: Chest
Junya Makino, Rie Ogasawara, Tetsuro Kamiya, Hirokazu Hara, Yukari Mitsugi, Eiji Yamaguchi, Akichika Itoh, Tetsuo Adachi
Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is one of the main SOD isozymes and plays an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases by accelerating the dismutation reaction of superoxide. Royal jelly includes 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA, 2), which regulates the expression of various types of genes in epigenetics through the effects of histone deacetylase (HDAC) antagonism. The expression of EC-SOD was previously reported to be regulated epigenetically through histone acetylation in THP-1 cells...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
Xin Qu, Hongna Yu, Bei Jia, Xiaoyan Yu, Qing Cui, Zhifen Liu, Chengming Sun, Yongli Chu
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases in later life, yet with underlying mechanisms unclear. The present study was to explore the association of upregulated histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC 2) with the impaired mitochondrial function and the cytokine secretion in the monocytes/macrophages from GDM patients. In this study, we examined the mitochondrial function, proinflamatory cytokine secretion and the HDAC 2 level in the serum or in the monocytes/macrophages from GDM patients, investigated the influence by HDAC 2 inhibitor, AR-42 (N-hydroxy-4-[[(2S)-3-methyl-2-phenylbutanoyl]amino]benzamide), on the mitochondrial function and cytokine secretion in the isolated GDM monocytes/macrophages...
June 2016: Cell Biology International
Joanna Zabkiewicz, Marie Gilmour, Robert Hills, Pares Vyas, Elizabeth Bone, Alan Davidson, Alan Burnett, Steven Knapper
Tefinostat (CHR-2845) is a novel monocyte/macrophage-targeted histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor which is cleaved into its active acid by the intracellular esterase human carboxylesterase-1 (hCE-1). The in vitro efficacy of tefinostat was characterised in cell lines and in a cohort of 73 primary AML and CMML samples. Dose-dependent induction of apoptosis and significant growth inhibitory effects were seen in myelomonocytic (M4), monocytic/monoblastic (M5) and CMML samples in comparison to non-monocytoid AML sub-types (p = 0...
March 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Kaustav Das Gupta, Melanie R Shakespear, Abishek Iyer, David P Fairlie, Matthew J Sweet
Macrophages have central roles in danger detection, inflammation and host defense, and consequently, these cells are intimately linked to most disease processes. Major advances in our understanding of the development and function of macrophages have recently come to light. For example, it is now clear that tissue-resident macrophages can be derived from either blood monocytes or through local proliferation of phagocytes that are originally seeded during embryonic development. Metabolic state has also emerged as a major control point for macrophage activation phenotypes...
January 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Tara Hurst, Matthew Pace, Aris Katzourakis, Rodney Phillips, Paul Klenerman, John Frater, Gkikas Magiorkinis
BACKGROUND: While antiretroviral therapies have improved life expectancy and reduced viral loads in HIV-1-positive individuals, the cessation of treatment results in a rebound of viral replication. This suggests that a reservoir of latently-infected cells remains within these patients, the identity of which is ill-defined and therefore difficult to target therapeutically. Current strategies are aimed at using drugs such as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to induce the expression of latent HIV-1 proviruses in order to activate and ultimately eradicate this reservoir of infected cells...
2016: Retrovirology
Chunting Tan, Lingling Xuan, Shuhua Cao, Ganggang Yu, Qi Hou, Haoyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is a class I histone deacetylase family member that plays a critical role in suppressing inflammatory gene expression in the airways, lung parenchyma, and alveolar macrophages in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the expression of HDAC2 in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) p65, and serum inflammatory cytokine levels in COPD patients, smokers, and non-smokers remains unclear. METHODS: PBMCs were obtained from COPD patients, healthy smokers, and healthy nonsmokers...
2016: PloS One
May Young Lin, Marcel R de Zoete, Jos P M van Putten, Karin Strijbis
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are products of microbial fermentation that are important for intestinal epithelial health. Here, we describe that SCFAs have rapid and reversible effects on toll-like receptor (TLR) responses in epithelial cells. Incubation of HEK293 or HeLa epithelial cells with the SCFAs butyrate or propionate at physiological concentrations enhanced NF-κB activation induced by TLR5, TLR2/1, TLR4, and TLR9 agonists. NF-κB activation in response to tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) was also increased by SCFAs...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
Ting Zhao, Yongqing Li, Baoling Liu, Baihong Pan, Xin Cheng, Patrick Georgoff, Hasan B Alam
BACKGROUND: We have previously demonstrated that Tubastatin A, a selective inhibitor of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), improves survival and increases circulating monocyte count and bacterial clearance in a lethal model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in mice. The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of inhibition of HDAC6 on the bone marrow cell population. METHODS: C57BL/6J mice were subjected to CLP and, 1 hour later, given an intraperitoneal injection of either Tubastatin A (70 mg/kg) dissolved in DMSO or DMSO alone (n = 9 per group)...
January 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Ning Dong, Bing Xu, Hong Shi, Xin Tang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the inflammatory effect of amadori-glycated albumin (AGA) in cultured rat retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and to further explore the potential mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of baicalein. METHODS: Primary rat retinal neurons were separated and cultured. The levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) mRNA and soluble MCP-1 produced by RGCs in response to AGA were measured with quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
September 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mariana Cabanel, Camila Brand, Maria Cecilia Oliveira-Nunes, Mariela Pires Cabral-Piccin, Marcela Freitas Lopes, Jose Marques Brito, Felipe Leite de Oliveira, Marcia Cury El-Cheikh, Katia Carneiro
Inflammatory chronic pathologies are complex processes characterized by an imbalance between the resolution of the inflammatory phase and the establishment of tissue repair. The main players in these inflammatory pathologies are bone marrow derived monocytes (BMDMs). However, how monocyte differentiation is modulated to give rise to specific macrophage subpopulations (M1 or M2) that may either maintain the chronic inflammatory process or lead to wound healing is still unclear. Considering that inhibitors of Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) have an anti-inflammatory activity, we asked whether this enzyme would play a role on monocyte differentiation into M1 or M2 phenotype and in the cell shape transition that follows...
2015: PloS One
Lukas Poralla, Thorsten Stroh, Ulrike Erben, Marie Sittig, Sven Liebig, Britta Siegmund, Rainer Glauben
Modifying the chromatin structure and interacting with non-histone proteins, histone deacetylases (HDAC) are involved in vital cellular processes at different levels. We here specifically investigated the direct effects of HDAC5 in macrophage activation in response to bacterial or cytokine stimuli. Using murine and human macrophage cell lines, we studied the expression profile and the immunological function of HDAC5 at transcription and protein level in over-expression as well as RNA interference experiments...
September 2015: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Monica Castellucci, Marzia Rossato, Federica Calzetti, Nicola Tamassia, Stefano Zeminian, Marco A Cassatella, Flavia Bazzoni
BACKGROUND: IL-10 is well known for its ability to block the expression and production of numerous proinflammatory cytokines, in this manner preventing the development of excessive or chronic immune activation. IL-10-induced transcriptional repression of CXCL8 and TNFA genes consists of 2 distinct phases: an early phase, occurring rapidly and in a protein synthesis-independent manner, followed by a second phase that is more delayed and dependent on protein synthesis. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the mechanisms through which IL-10 rapidly and directly suppresses LPS-induced CXCL8 and TNF-α transcription, which might be defective under pathologic conditions...
September 2015: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Annette E Neele, Jan Van den Bossche, Marten A Hoeksema, Menno P J de Winther
Atherosclerosis is a lipid-driven chronic inflammatory disorder. Monocytes and macrophages are key immune cells in the development of disease and clinical outcome. It is becoming increasingly clear that epigenetic pathways govern many aspects of monocyte and macrophage differentiation and activation. The dynamic regulation of epigenetic patterns provides opportunities to alter disease-associated epigenetic states. Therefore, pharmaceutical companies have embraced the targeting of epigenetic processes as new approaches for interventions...
September 15, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
Jin Cai, Hongtao Wei, Kwon Ho Hong, Xiaoqing Wu, Meng Cao, Xi Zong, Lushen Li, Chunlong Sun, Junqing Chen, Min Ji
Using Entinostat as a lead compound, 2-aminobenzamide and hydroxamate derivatives have been designed and synthesized. The entire target compounds were investigated for their in vitro antiproliferative activities using the MTT-based assay against five human cancer cell lines including U937, A549, NCI-H661, MDA-MB-231 and HCT116. 2-Aminobenzamide series of compounds (10a-10j) demonstrated the most significant inhibition against human acute monocytic myeloid leukemia cell line U937, but no or poor activities against two human lung cancer cell lines...
2015: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Rutger J Wierda, Marieke Goedhart, Marja C J A van Eggermond, Alice F Muggen, Xanne M Miggelbrink, Sacha B Geutskens, Erik van Zwet, Geert W Haasnoot, Peter J van den Elsen
Monocytes play a key role in immune system function. Chromatin remodeling is crucial for various differentiation and gene regulation processes and is rather well studied in T cells. However, for monocytes not much is known regarding how the epigenetic machinery influences the differentiation into various effector cell types. In the work presented here, we explore the epigenetic underpinnings of monocyte differentiation. By transcriptional profiling we show that transcription of lysine methyltransferases (KMTs) and in particular KMT1c is markedly up regulated after differentiation of monocytes into immature dendritic cells (iDCs)...
June 2015: Human Immunology
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