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Ana B Castro, Nastaran Meschi, Andy Temmerman, Nelson Pinto, Paul Lambrechts, Wim Teughels, Marc Quirynen
AIM: To analyse the regenerative potential of Leucocyte- and Platelet Rich Fibrin (L-PRF) during periodontal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic and hand search were conducted in three databases. Only randomised clinical trials were selected and no follow-up limitation was applied. Pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bone fill, keratinized tissue width (KTW), recession reduction, and root coverage (%) were considered as outcome. When possible, meta-analysis was performed...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Nilesh Chande, Cassandra M Townsend, Claire E Parker, John K MacDonald
BACKGROUND: The results from controlled clinical trials investigating the efficacy of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine for the treatment of active Crohn's disease have been conflicting and controversial. An updated meta-analysis was performed to assess the effectiveness of these drugs for the induction of remission in active Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the efficacy and safety of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine for induction of remission in active Crohn's disease...
October 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Alexander P Decilveo, Bartlomiej W Szczech, Jacob Topfer, James C Wittig
Expandable endoprostheses have become an acceptable modality to address the issue of limb-length inequality in limb-sparing procedures for skeletally immature patients afflicted with lower extremity bone sarcomas. This study retrospectively analyzed postoperative outcomes and complications for 7 patients (8 limbs) who underwent minimally invasive or noninvasive reconstruction during a 12-year period. Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores and complication rates were reported. Mean functional outcome (MSTS scores) at final follow-up was 93...
October 25, 2016: Orthopedics
Junhui Zhang, Dongxia Zhang, Tiantian Yan, Xupin Jiang, Can Zhang, Liping Zhao, Lingfei Li, Di Tang, Qiong Zhang, Jiezhi Jia, Jiaping Zhang, Yuesheng Huang
The migration of keratinocytes from wound margins plays a critical role in the re-epithelialization of skin wounds. Hypoxia occurs immediately after injury and acts as an early stimulus to initiate the healing processes. Although our previous studies have revealed that hypoxia promotes keratinocyte migration, the precise mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, we found that BNIP3 expression was up-regulated in hypoxic keratinocytes, and BNIP3 silencing suppressed hypoxia-induced cell migration. Additionally, hypoxia activated the FAK pathway through up-regulation of BNIP3, while FAK inhibition attenuated hypoxic keratinocyte migration...
October 26, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Keryn Walshe, Brian Brophy, Brian Cornish, Roger W Byard
The skeletal remains of eight Australian Aboriginals with healed depressed skull fractures were examined. Male:female ratio 5:3; age range 20-60 yrs. Burial dates by (14) C dating in three cases were 500 years BP (n = 2) and 1300 BP. There were 13 healed depressed skull fractures manifested by shallow indentations of cortical bone and thinning of diploe, with no significant disturbance of the inner skull tables. Nine (69%) were located within 35 mm of the sagittal suture/midline. These lesions represent another acquired feature that might be helpful in suggesting that a skull is from a tribal Aboriginal individual and may be particularly useful if the remains are represented by only fragments of calvarium...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Janosch Häberli, Philipp Henle, Yves P Acklin, Ivan Zderic, Boyko Gueorguiev
BACKGROUND: Dynamic augmentation of anterior cruciate ligament tears seems to reduce anteroposterior knee translation close to the pre-injury level. The aim of the present study is to biomechanically investigate the course of translation during a simulated early post-operative phase. It is hypothesized that anteroposterior translation is maintained at the immediate post-operative level over a simulated rehabilitation period of 50'000 gait cycles. METHODS: Eight fresh-frozen human cadaveric knee joints from donors with a mean age of 35...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Jing Luo, An-Lu Wang, Hao Xu, Da-Zhuo Shi, Ke-Ji Chen
Stenosis of the coronary artery has been considered as an essential component of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Consequently, revascularization [e.g., percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass] has been the primary therapeutic approach to IHD. Such strategy has indeed revolutionized the management of IHD patients. However, not all patients with myocardial ischemia have visible coronary stenosis. Moreover, cardiovascular events occur in nearly 20% patients with stable coronary artery disease who have undergone PCI...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Ziqiang Wang, Ping Fan, Yiwan Zhao, Shikuan Zhang, Jinhua Lu, Weidong Xie, Yuyang Jiang, Fan Lei, Naihan Xu, Yaou Zhang
Nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is the crucial structural platform of paraspeckles, which is one type of nuclear bodies. As a stress-induced lncRNA, the expression of NEAT1 increases in response to viral infection, but little is known about the role of NEAT1 or paraspeckles in the replication of herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1). Here, we demonstrate that HSV-1 infection increases NEAT1 expression and paraspeckle formation in a STAT3-dependent manner. NEAT1 and other paraspeckle protein components, P54nrb and PSPC1, can associate with HSV-1 genomic DNA...
October 25, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Michael S Hu, Michael T Longaker
Scarring and fibrosis are an enormous public health concern, resulting in excessive morbidity and mortality in addition to countless lost health care dollars. Recent advances in cell and developmental biology promise a better understanding of scarring and fibrosis and may translate to new clinical therapies.
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Lauren Tracy Daly, David M Tsai, Mansher Singh, Kristo Nuutila, Raquel A Minasian, Cameron C Y Lee, Elizabeth Kiwanuka, Florian Hackl, Andrew B Onderdonk, Johan P E Junker, Elof Eriksson, Edward J Caterson
BACKGROUND: Wound infection can impair postoperative healing. Topical antibiotics have potential to treat wound infection and inflammation and minimize the adverse effects associated with systemic antibiotics. METHODS: Full-thickness porcine wounds were infected with Staphylococcus aureus. Using polyurethane wound enclosure devices, wounds were treated with topical 100 μg/ml minocycline, topical 1000 μg/ml minocycline, topical saline control, or 4 mg/kg intravenous minocycline...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nikhil Sobti, Eric C Liao
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrix has facilitated immediate prosthesis-based breast reconstruction. However, few studies directly compare surgical outcomes following acellular dermal matrix-based reconstruction with two of the most commonly available materials, AlloDerm and FlexHD. Those studies that are available often do not adequately control for the surgeon as a variable. The authors hypothesize that complication rates will not differ significantly between AlloDerm and FlexHD when practice and surgeon variables are properly controlled...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nobuyuki Kumahashi, Akinori Matsumoto, Suguru Kuwata, Masaru Kadowaki, Yuji Uchio
We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with bilateral osteochondritis dissecans in the lateral femoral trochlea of the knees. They were classified as grade 3 in the right knee and grade 1 in the left knee on the basis of the Nelson classification within 1 year after first diagnosis. In the right knee, the fragment was surgically fixed, but the left knee healed with conservative treatment. This case indicates the possibility that osteochondritis dissecans of the lateral femoral trochlea may develop bilaterally at different times and present at different stages...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
R Pytlík, C Rentsch, T Soukup, L Novotný, B Rentsch, V Kanderová, H Rychtrmocová, M Kalmárová, D Stehlík, M Trněný, O Slanař
To evaluate the preclinical efficacy and safety of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) rapidly expanded in growth medium for clinical use with human serum and recombinant growth factors, we conducted a controlled, randomized trial of plasma clots with hMSC vs. plasma clots only in critical segmental femoral defects in rnu/rnu immunodeficient rats. X-ray, microCT and histomorphometrical evaluation were performed at 8 and 16 weeks. MSC were obtained from healthy volunteers and patients with lymphoid malignancy...
October 26, 2016: Physiological Research
Haiyan Jia, Zhangjun Huang, Zhaofu Fei, Paul J Dyson, Zhen Zheng, Xinling Wang
Hydrogels are polymeric materials which have a relatively high capacity for holding water. Recently, a double network (DN) technique was developed to fabricate hydrogels with a toughness comparable to rubber. The mechanical properties of DN hydrogels may be attributed to the brittle sacrificial bonding network of one hydrogel, facilitating stress dispersion, combined with ductile polymer chains of a second hydrogel. Herein, we report a novel class of tuneable DN hydrogels composed of a polyurethane (PU) hydrogel and a stronger, dipole-dipole and H-bonding interaction reinforced (DHIR) hydrogel...
October 26, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
J A Fairfield, C G Rocha, C O'Callaghan, M S Ferreira, J J Boland
Nanowire networks act as self-healing smart materials, whose sheet resistance can be tuned via an externally applied voltage stimulus. This memristive response occurs due to modification of junction resistances to form a connectivity path across the lowest barrier junctions in the network. While most network studies have been performed on expensive noble metal nanowires like silver, networks of inexpensive nickel nanowires with a nickel oxide coating can also demonstrate resistive switching, a common feature of metal oxides with filamentary conduction...
October 26, 2016: Nanoscale
T Giesen, L Neukom, R Fakin, V Beckamm-Fries, M Calcagni
Fifteen consecutive patients with severely comminuted Rolando fractures were treated by closed reduction and fixation with a modified Suzuki frame without rubber bands, followed by immediate mobilization. All the fractures healed within 5 weeks. At 3 months, no rotational deformity was observed. The Kapandji score was equal that of the contralateral thumb in eight cases. No residual pain was recorded. Grip strength was 78% and pinch strength was 78% of the contralateral hand. One patient needed the frame tension modified...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Abhishek Gupta, Wan Li Low, Iza Radecka, Stephen T Britland, Mohd Cairul Iqbal Mohd Amin, Claire Martin
Wounds that remain in the inflammatory phase for a prolonged period of time are likely to be colonised and infected by a range of commensal and pathogenic microorganisms. Treatment associated with these types of wounds mainly focuses on controlling infection and providing an optimum environment capable of facilitating re-epithelialisation, thus promoting wound healing. Hydrogels have attracted vast interest as moist wound-responsive dressing materials. In the current study, biosynthetic bacterial cellulose hydrogels synthesised by Gluconacetobacter xylinus and subsequently loaded with silver were characterised and investigated for their antimicrobial activity against two representative wound infecting pathogens, namely S...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Microencapsulation
Irene D Román, David Cano-Martínez, María Val T Lobo, María Dolores Fernández-Moreno, Borja Hernández-Breijo, Silvia Sacristán, Patricia Sanmartín-Salinas, Jorge Monserrat, Javier P Gisbert, Luis G Guijarro
: Objetive: Our purpose was to study the molecular basis of infliximab (IFX) effect on colon mucosa in a colitis model and to identify new biomarkers of mucosal healing. METHODS: Healthy rats and rats which were subjected to experimental colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium, with or without IFX treatment (in the short- and long-term), were studied along with forty-seven IBD patients. Colon mucosal integrity by Periodic Acid Schiff staining, intestinal damage by immunohistochemistry (proliferating cell nuclear antigen, β-catenin, E-cadherin, phosphotyrosine, p-p38, allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) and colonic mucosal apoptosis by TUNEL staining were evaluated in rats...
October 26, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Yoshiya Horimoto, Takuo Hayashi, Atsushi Arakawa
Several aspects of the article by Morita et al. (Cancer Medicine 5:1607-18, 2016), examining the spontaneous healing phenomenon with reference to tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), require clarification. The concept of "healing", which can perhaps be more accurately termed "regressive change", remains controversial due to a lack of concrete evidence. Since regressive change is characterized by fibrosis and lymphocytes, a cancer nest that appears to lack a distinct basement membrane, surrounded only by lymphocytes, as in Morita et al's Figure 2F, should be meticulously examined because the appearance may correspond to a tumor having just completed the process of invasion...
October 26, 2016: Cancer Medicine
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