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Undergraduate medical curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#1
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#2
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#3
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624845/web-based-teaching-video-packages-on-anatomical-education
#4
Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ayse Hilal Bati
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to study the effect of web-based teaching video packages on medical students' satisfaction during gross anatomy education. The objective was to test the hypothesis that individual preference, which can be related to learning style, influences individual utilization of the video packages developed specifically for the undergraduate medical curriculum. METHODS: Web-based teaching video packages consisting of Closed Circuit Audiovisual System and Distance Education of Anatomy were prepared...
June 17, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614541/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-dementia-among-final-year-medical-students-in-brazil
#5
Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero, José Luiz de Lima, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas, Adriana Polachini do Valle, Ananda Ghelfi Raza Leite
Objective: Among all countries, Brazil is expected to have the sixth largest elderly population in 2025. Dementia syndromes are prominent among aging-related diseases. Despite the necessity of and curriculum for training in geriatric medicine to make recommendations on an approach to this theme, adequate training appears to be infrequent. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about dementia and students' attitude towards it during the last semester of the medical course in two of the most important Brazilian medical schools...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#6
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601262/medical-students-communication-skills-in-clinical-education-results-from-a-cohort-study
#7
Cadja Bachmann, Silke Roschlaub, Sigrid Harendza, Rebecca Keim, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: To assess students' communication skills during clinical medical education and at graduation. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study from 2007 to 2011 with 26 voluntary undergraduate medical students at Hamburg University based on video-taped consultations in year four and at graduation. 176 consultations were analyzed quantitatively with validated and non-validated context-independent communication observation instruments (interrater reliability ≥0...
May 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600581/patient-safety-in-surgical-education-passed-a-pilot-study-using-ipad-game-to-teach-patient-safety-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum
#8
Alfred Wc Kow, Sophia Bl Ang, Choon Seng Chong, Wee Boon Tan, Menon R Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599897/to-the-point-medical-education-technology-and-the-millennial-learner
#9
REVIEW
Laura Hopkins, Brittany S Hampton, Jodi F Abbott, Sandra D Buery-Joyner, Latasha B Craig, John L Dalrymple, David A Forstein, Scott C Graziano, Margaret L Mckenzie, Archana Pradham, Abigail Wolf, Sarah M Page-Ramsey
This article, from the "To The Point" series prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, provides an overview of the characteristics of Millennials, and describes how medical educators can customize and reframe their curricula and teaching methods to maximize Millennial learning. A literature search was performed to identify articles on generational learning. We summarize the importance of understanding the attitudes, ideas, and priorities of Millennials in order to tailor educational methods to stimulate and enhance learning...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597874/evaluation-of-an-extracurricular-program-for-students-interested-in-rural-and-public-health
#10
Do-Hwan Kim, Ah Reum An, Eun Jeong Kim, Jong-Koo Lee, Seung-Hee Lee
PURPOSE: The problem regarding the geographic imbalance of the physician workforce has been a long-standing problem in South Korea. Additionally, rural medicine and public health have been marginalized across whole undergraduate curriculums. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an extracurricular program targeting medical students interested in rural and public health. METHODS: A 2-day extracurricular program was held twice in 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595503/histology-in-3d-development-of-an-online-interactive-student-resource-on-epithelium
#11
Anna Sieben, Richard Oparka, Caroline Erolin
Epithelium is an important and highly specialised tissue type that makes up the lining of inner and outer surfaces of the human body. It is proposed that a self-study tool adds to efficient learning and lecturing on this complicated topic in medical curricula. This paper describes the development and evaluation of an online interactive 3D resource on epithelium for undergraduate medical students. A first evaluation was carried out by means of an online survey (n = 37). The resource was evaluated positively on the website in general, its visual contents and its value and potential for the medical curriculum...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592238/a-survey-of-palliative-medicine-education-in-japan-s-undergraduate-medical-curriculum
#12
Yoichi Nakamura, Yusuke Takamiya, Mari Saito, Koichi Kuroko, Tatsuko Shiratsuchi, Kenzaburo Oshima, Yuko Ito, Satoshi Miyake
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the status of undergraduate palliative care education among Japanese medical students using data from a survey conducted in 2015. METHODS: A questionnaire was originally developed, and the survey forms were sent to universities. The study's objectives, methods, disclosure of results, and anonymity were explained to participating universities in writing. Responses returned by the universities were considered to indicate consent to participate...
June 7, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584870/the-inventory-as-a-core-element-in-the-further-development-of-the-science-curriculum-in-the-mannheim-reformed-curriculum-of-medicine
#13
Julia Eckel, Katrin Schüttpelz-Brauns, Thomas Miethke, Alexandra Rolletschek, Harald M Fritz
Introduction: The German Council of Science and Humanities as well as a number of medical professional associations support the strengthening of scientific competences by developing longitudinal curricula for teaching scientific competences in the undergraduate medical education. The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) has also defined medical scientific skills as learning objectives in addition to the role of the scholar. The development of the Mannheim science curriculum started with a systematic inventory of the teaching of scientific competences in the Mannheim Reformed Curriculum of Medicine (MaReCuM)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584869/development-of-the-competency-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-new-augsburg-university-medical-school
#14
Anja Härtl, Pascal Berberat, Martin R Fischer, Helmuth Forst, Stefanie Grützner, Thomas Händl, Felix Joachimski, Renate Linné, Bruno Märkl, Markus Naumann, Reinhard Putz, Werner Schneider, Claus Schöler, Markus Wehler, Reinhard Hoffmann
Aim: With the resolution from April 28, 2014, the Bavarian state government in Germany decided to found a new medical school at Augsburg University, thereby requiring the development of a competency-based medical curriculum. Methods: Two interdisciplinary groups developed a spiral curriculum (following Harden) employing the model of Thumser-Dauth & Öchsner. The curriculum focuses on specifically defined competencies: medical expertise, independent scientific reasoning, argumentation and scholarship, as well as communication skills...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577115/the-psychiatry-major-a-curricular-innovation-to-improve-undergraduate-psychiatry-education-in-china
#15
Ling Jing, Wing Chung Chang, Robert Rohrbaugh, Xuan Ouyang, Eric Chen, Zhening Liu, Xinran Hu
OBJECTIVE: In China, a psychiatry major curriculum (PMC) has been implemented in select medical schools to improve the quality of undergraduate psychiatry education (UPE). Our aim was to describe this PMC and compare it with UPE in the standard Chinese clinical medicine curriculum (CMC). We also benchmarked PMC to UPE programs in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China and the United States of America (USA) to determine how well it met standards of well-established programs and to highlight areas for improvement...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566115/development-and-evaluation-of-an-endoscopic-surgery-course-for-medical-students
#16
Cecilia Nilsson, Flemming Bjerrum, Morten Stadeager, Bent Ottesen, Jette Led Sorensen
INTRODUCTION: Surgical training has changed with the introduction of endoscopic surgery. However, a gap in undergraduate medical training has become evident regarding theoretical principles of and basic skills training in endoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a course in endoscopic surgery for medical students. METHODS: Kern's six-step approach in curriculum development was used. A course including interactive, faculty-led didactic sessions (14 hours, distributed over three days) and simulation-based basic skills training in endoscopic surgery (nine hours, distributed over four sessions) was developed...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566071/preparedness-for-practice-the-perceptions-of-graduates-of-a-regional-clinical-school
#17
Jenny Barr, Kathryn J Ogden, Kim Rooney, Iain Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To assess graduates' self-reported preparedness with reference to a range of clinical practice capabilities, including those related to patient-centred care. DESIGN: A retrospective survey of self-reported preparedness for practice, based on a survey developed by the Peninsula Medical School (United Kingdom) and adapted to account for Australian circumstances and to provide more information about patient-centred care-related capabilities. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Launceston Clinical School, a regional clinical school for undergraduate medical students...
June 5, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562077/medical-student-perceptions-of-clinical-neurosurgery-teaching-in-an-undergraduate-medical-school-curriculum
#18
James Knight, Lauren Stroud, Thomas Geyton, Anthony Stead, Hannah R Cock
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate undergraduate medical student perceptions as to the value of different types of neurosurgical teaching to their general neuroscience education, delivered in the penultimate year of a U.K medical school. METHODS: We surveyed penultimate-year medical students at St George's Hospital Medical School, University of London (SGUL), who were undertaking their clinical neuroscience attachment from August 2014 to July 2015. A questionnaire comprising closed Likert scale questions and an open question inviting participants to comment freely was used to assess student perception about the value of Neurosurgical sessions within their overall neuroscience education...
May 31, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557937/implementing-an-entrustable-professional-activities-framework-in-undergraduate-medical-education-early-lessons-from-the-aamc-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency-pilot
#19
Kimberly Lomis, Jonathan M Amiel, Michael S Ryan, Karin Esposito, Michael Green, Alex Stagnaro-Green, Janet Bull, George C Mejicano
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a list of 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (Core EPAs) that medical school graduates might be expected to perform, without direct supervision, on the first day of residency. Soon after, the AAMC commissioned a five-year pilot with 10 medical schools across the United States, seeking to implement the Core EPA framework to improve the transition from undergraduate to graduate medical education.In this article, the pilot team presents the organizational structure and early results of collaborative efforts to provide guidance to other institutions planning to implement the Core EPA framework...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552022/international-infectious-diseases-teaching-to-undergraduate-medical-students-a-successful-european-collaborative-experience
#20
Caroline Charlier, Ingólfur Johannessen, Claire L Mackintosh, David Wilks, Roberto Cauda, Federica I Wolf, Claire Le Jeunne
CONTEXT: The emerging global-health paradigm requires medical teaching to be continuously redefined and updated; to this end, transnational approaches should be encouraged and medical training harmonized. Infectious diseases (ID) teaching in the current context of emerging infections, fast-increasing bacterial resistance and large-scale human migration, was chosen to develop a common international course. OBJECTIVE: We report the successful implementation of a joint European undergraduate course aiming to (i) develop a common ID core curriculum among European medical schools; (ii) promote mobility among teachers and students (iii) promote international cooperation among European teachers...
May 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
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