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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229833/portuguese-medical-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#1
Lucas Lopes, Jorge Gato, Manuel Esteves
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people still face discrimination in healthcare environments and physicians often report lack of knowledge on this population's specific healthcare needs. In fact, recommendations have been put forward to include lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender health in medical curricula. This study aimed to explore factors associated with medical students' knowledge and attitudes towards homosexuality in different years of the medical course...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225920/student-insight-about-the-discipline-of-surgical-technique-on-the-formative-process-in-the-school-of-medicine-of-ufrj
#2
Victor Diniz Senna, Keren Cozer, Manoel Luiz Ferreira, José Marcus Raso Eulálio, Paulo Cesar Silva, José Eduardo Ferreira Manso, Alberto Schanaider
Purpose: To evaluate whether undergraduate students feel motivated to develop surgical skills and know their impression about the importance of having a surgical technique discipline in the curriculum of a medical school. Methods: A prospective study including three classes in a row, from the 8th period (n = 265) evaluated the knowledge acquired at the Center of Experimental Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)...
January 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205017/equipping-future-doctors-incorporating-management-and-leadership-into-medical-curriculums-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Aniket Sonsale, Reshma Bharamgoudar
Throughout their careers, doctors are likely to come across complex management and leadership scenarios that many would not have had prior training in. Expectations of doctors are rising and it is becoming increasingly necessary to be able to astutely handle a variety of situations. Medical curricula must reflect this change and adapt to include the teaching of key management and leadership skills. Despite budgeting pressures, the National Health Service continues to spend vast sums of money on external management consultants...
February 15, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194581/the-impact-of-massed-and-spaced-out-curriculum-in-oncology-knowledge-acquisition
#4
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Wytze S Aalders, Jakob de Vries, René A Tio
Starting in 2009, cancer has been the leading cause of death in the Netherlands. Oncology is therefore an important part of the medical curriculum in undergraduate education. It is crucial that medical students know about cancer, since doctors will encounter many cases of oncology. We have compared the influence that teaching oncology has when spread over a 3-year curriculum versus concentrated in one semester. The participants comprised 525 medical students from one medical school with comprehensive integrated curricula...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#5
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#6
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177959/interprofessional-medical-legal-education-of-medical-students-assessing-the-benefits-for-addressing-social-determinants-of-health
#7
Robert Pettignano, Lisa Bliss, Susan McLaren, Sylvia Caley
PROBLEM: Screening tools exist to help identify patient issues related to social determinants of health (SDH), but solutions to many of these problems remain elusive to health care providers as they require legal solutions. Interprofessional medical-legal education is essential to optimizing health care delivery. APPROACH: In 2011, the authors implemented a four-session didactic interprofessional curriculum on medical-legal practice for third-year medical students at Morehouse School of Medicine...
February 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176890/contextualizing-the-relevance-of-basic-sciences-small-group-simulation-with-debrief-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students-in-an-integrated-curriculum
#8
Samara B Ginzburg, Judith Brenner, Michael Cassara, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Joanne M Willey
AIM: There has been a call for increased integration of basic and clinical sciences during preclinical years of undergraduate medical education. Despite the recognition that clinical simulation is an effective pedagogical tool, little has been reported on its use to demonstrate the relevance of basic science principles to the practice of clinical medicine. We hypothesized that simulation with an integrated science and clinical debrief used with early learners would illustrate the importance of basic science principles in clinical diagnosis and management of patients...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166912/tuberculosis-knowledge-and-attitude-in-aspiring-doctors-and-nurses-is-it-time-for-our-tb-teaching-methods-to-evolve
#9
Preetam Rajgopal Acharya, Monalisa D'Souza, Ramesh Chandra Sahoo
BACKGROUND: India accounts for nearly 24% of all the new tuberculosis (TB) cases globally. A good core knowledge and a positive outlook towards TB patients among our aspiring doctors and nurses are necessities for India to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) proposed by the WHO as a part of its post-2015 global TB strategy and to successfully combat the newer challenges posed by this disease in the future. AIMS: To evaluate knowledge related to transmission, prevention and treatment of tuberculosis amongst medical and nursing students...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166769/medical-graduates-preparedness-to-practice-a-comparison-of-undergraduate-medical-school-training
#10
Susan Miles, Joanne Kellett, Sam J Leinster
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that newly qualified doctors do not feel prepared to start work. This study examined views of first year Foundation doctors (F1s) regarding how prepared they felt by their undergraduate medical education for skills required during the first Foundation training year in relation to their type of training. METHOD: One-hundred and eighty two F1s completed a questionnaire during their first rotation of Foundation training. Analysis was conducted by type of medical school training: Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Traditional or Reformed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165673/a-preliminary-survey-of-professionalism-teaching-practices-in-anatomy-education-among-indian-medical-colleges
#11
Ilavenil Karunakaran, Ponniah Thirumalaikolundusubramanian, Sheela Das Nalinakumari
Professionalism and ethics have gained widespread recognition as competencies to be fulfilled, taught, and assessed within medical education. The role of the anatomy course in developed nations has evolved over time and now encompasses multiple domains, including knowledge, skills, and the inculcation of professionalism and ethics. The Medical Council of India recently recommended the integration of professionalism teaching in undergraduate medical curricula. The authors investigated whether the initial orientation lectures and instructions given by faculty at the outset of undergraduate medical anatomy courses throughout India served a "hidden curriculum" regarding professionalism practices, and whether these orientation messages could serve as an early exposure to medical professionalism and ethics for medical students...
February 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139902/the-undergraduate-teaching-of-vascular-surgery-in-greek-medical-schools-theory-and-clinical-practice
#12
Vasileios Bafitis, Christodoulos Keskinis, Foteini Katsikogianni, Ioannis Katsaros, Miltos K Lazarides, Efstratios Georgakarakos
BACKGROUND: The objective of this survey was to document and analyze the teaching methods of vascular surgery (VS) in the undergraduate curricula of the seven Greek medical schools. METHODS: The type of VS subject (core, selective, integrated in other subject), the type of clinical practice, and the specialty of the VS tutors were recorded from the curriculum of each medical school, as documented online. The information was cross-checked with the academic tutors of each Medical School via phone contact and verified by ten medical students of Medical School...
January 31, 2017: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128800/-diagnostic-and-formative-assessment-of-competencies-at-the-beginning-of-undergraduate-medical-internship
#13
Adrián Martínez-González, Alberto Lifshitz-Guinzberg, Juan Andrés Trejo-Mejía, Uri Torruco-García, Teresa I Fortoul-van der Goes, Fernando Flores-Hernández, Jorge Peña-Balderas, Adrián Israel Martínez-Franco, Alejandro Hernández-Nava, Diana Elena-González, Melchor Sánchez-Mendiola
INTRODUCTION: Research on diagnostic and formative assessment competencies during undergraduate medical training is scarce in Latin America. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of clinical competence of students at the beginning of their medical internship in a new curriculum. METHODS: This was an observational cross-sectional study in UNAM Faculty of Medicine students in Mexico City: a formative assessment of the second class of Curriculum 2010 students as part of the integral evaluation of the program...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122553/undergraduate-curriculum-in-palliative-medicine-at-tampere-university-increases-students-knowledge
#14
Juho T Lehto, Kati Hakkarainen, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Tiina Saarto
BACKGROUND: Education in palliative medicine (PM) at medical schools reveals wide variation despite the increasing importance of palliative care. Many universities present poor description of the benefits and detailed content of the total curriculum in PM. Using the recommendations of European Association for Palliative Care (EAPC) as a reference, we evaluated the content and outcomes of the curriculum in PM at the University of Tampere, Finland. METHODS: We searched for a PM curriculum by examining the teaching offered by every specialty and compared it to EAPC recommendations...
January 25, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121656/the-use-of-short-animated-patient-centered-springboard-videos-to-underscore-the-clinical-relevance-of-preclinical-medical-student-education
#15
Maya Adam, Sharon F Chen, Manuel Amieva, Jennifer Deitz, Heeju Jang, Aarti Porwal, Charles Prober
PROBLEM: Medical students often struggle to appreciate the clinical relevance of material taught in the preclinical years. The authors believe videos could be effectively used to interweave a patient's illness script with foundational basic science concepts. APPROACH: In collaboration with four other U.S. medical schools, educators at the Stanford University School of Medicine created 36 short, animated, patient-centered springboard videos (third-person, narrated accounts of authentic patient cases conveying foundational pathophysiology) in 2014...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112530/ethics-in-pharmacy-curriculum-for-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-a-needs-assessment-study
#16
Pooneh Salari, Mohammad Abdollahi
INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in pharmacy practice have created serious ethical challenges for the pharmacists. Pursuing a new philosophy of practice is required to overcome these challenges and optimize the standard of care. In this regard, the current ethics guideline in the Pharmacy curriculum used in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, does not provide a fully comprehensive understanding of the issue. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to revise the current curriculum based on a needs assessment study...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#17
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103391/bedside-to-bench-re-thinking-nursing-research
#18
EDITORIAL
Seamus Cowman
There is very little clarity or agreement in the nursing profession on the best way to teach and examine students on research understanding, let alone develop and appraise nursing research application to patient care. Nursing research, in the curriculum, is a patchwork of interpretation, and in application it is delivered with varied levels of complexity across schools of Nursing and Midwifery, often with disregard to distinguishing undergraduate from postgraduate research teaching. This is not uncommon in health professions education, as this lack of clarity on teaching research also extends to medical schools...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#19
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#20
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
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