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Undergraduate medical curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913597/trauma-leagues-a-novel-option-to-attract-medical-students-to-a-surgical-career
#1
Romeo Lages Simões, Alcir Escocia Dorigatti, Henrique José Virgili Silveira, Thiago Rodrigues Araujo Calderan, Sandro Rizoli, Gustavo Pereira Fraga
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, most medical schools do not offer trauma surgery in their undergraduate curriculum. The Trauma Leagues arose in Brazil as an important promoter of trauma education and stimulated activities related to surgical skills and practices. In recent decades, studies have demonstrated that the number of surgical residency applicants has decreased worldwide. Strategies to motivate medical students to choose surgery are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of participation in the Unicamp Trauma League (UTL) during a 20-year period in the choice for a surgical career...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899390/-if-it-s-a-medical-issue-i-would-have-covered-it-by-now-learning-about-fibromyalgia-through-the-hidden-curriculum-a-qualitative-study
#2
V Silverwood, C A Chew-Graham, I Raybould, B Thomas, S Peters
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagnose and is usually done so as a diagnosis of exclusion. There is continuing debate regarding its legitimacy excluding other causes of symptoms. It is known that the diagnosis and management of MUS, including FMS, receives little attention in medical curricula and attitudes towards patients with FMS amongst medical professionals and trainees can be negative...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883161/the-implementation-of-medical-informatics-in-the-national-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm
#4
Marianne Behrends, Sandra Steffens, Michael Marschollek
INTRODUCTION: The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) describes medical skills and attitudes without being ordered by subjects or organs. Thus, the NKLM enables systematic curriculum mapping and supports curricular transparency. In this paper we describe where learning objectives related to Medical Informatics (MI) in Hannover coincide with other subjects and where they are taught exclusively in MI. METHODS: An instance of the web-based MERLIN-database was used for the mapping process...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882386/knowledge-of-medical-students-on-national-health-care-system-a-french-multicentric-survey
#5
A-L Feral-Pierssens, A-S Jannot
BACKGROUND: Education on national health care policy and costs is part of our medical curriculum explaining how our health care system works. Our aim was to measure French medical students' knowledge about national health care funding, costs and access and explore association with their educational and personal background. METHODS: We developed a web-based survey exploring knowledge on national health care funding, access and costs through 19 items and measured success score as the number of correct answers...
September 4, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877363/establishing-an-ultrasound-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-how-much-time-does-it-take
#6
Yonaton Siegel-Richman, John Kendall
OBJECTIVES: Over the years, the use of ultrasound in the medical profession has become a common occurrence. As a result, many medical schools are considering an ultrasound curriculum for first- and second-year medical students. The question posed by many of these programs is how much time and effort are required to establish such a curriculum. We at the University of Colorado School of Medicine sought to quantify the resources and time required. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study that analyzed the time spent teaching, as well as the types of instructors (eg, faculty, resident, and peer student) that contributed to our ultrasound curriculum...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866608/medical-research-and-audit-skills-training-for-undergraduates-an-international-analysis-and-student-focused-needs-assessment
#7
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Interpreting, performing and applying research is a key part of evidence-based medical practice, however, incorporating these within curricula is challenging. This study aimed to explore current provision of research skills training within medical school curricula, provide a student-focused needs assessment and prioritise research competencies. METHODS: A international, cross-sectional survey of final year UK and Irish medical students was disseminated at each participating university...
September 2, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866607/formative-student-authored-question-bank-perceptions-question-quality-and-association-with-summative-performance
#8
Jason L Walsh, Benjamin H L Harris, Paul Denny, Phil Smith
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: There are few studies on the value of authoring questions as a study method, the quality of the questions produced by students and student perceptions of student-authored question banks. Here we evaluate PeerWise, a widely used and free online resource that allows students to author, answer and discuss multiple-choice questions. STUDY DESIGN: We introduced two undergraduate medical student cohorts to PeerWise (n=603). We looked at their patterns of PeerWise usage; identified associations between student engagement and summative exam performance; and used focus groups to assess student perceptions of the value of PeerWise for learning...
September 2, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854838/how-do-national-specialty-groups-develop-undergraduate-guidelines-for-medical-schools-and-which-are-successful-a-systematic-review
#9
Kathrin Joanna Whitehouse, Anne Josephine Moore, Nicolas Cooper
PURPOSE: To better understand the steps undertaken by medical specialties to develop and implement undergraduate national, and international, educational guidelines for use in medical schools, and to find what makes them successful in terms of uptake and knowledge. METHODS: Systematic review of databases to find inter- and nationally-created undergraduate medical specialty guidelines, and descriptions of development and analysis, from 1998 to January 2015. RESULTS: Ninety six eligible papers were found, covering 59 different guidelines in 32 specialties...
August 30, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852665/promotion-of-higher-order-of-cognition-in-undergraduate-medical-students-using-case-based-approach
#10
Suparna Dubey, Ashok Kumar Dubey
BACKGROUND: The curriculum of pathology is conventionally "taught" in a series of didactic lectures, which promotes learning by rote. In this study, case-based learning (CBL) was introduced to assess its effect on higher order cognition and problem-solving skills in undergraduate medical students. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The prescribed syllabus of hepatobiliary system was delivered to the undergraduate medical students of the fourth semester by conventional didactic lectures...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852630/awareness-attitude-and-knowledge-of-basic-life-support-among-medical-dental-and-nursing-faculties-and-students-in-the-university-hospital
#11
N C Sangamesh, K C Vidya, Jugajyoti Pathi, Arpita Singh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness, attitude, and knowledge about basic life support (BLS) among medical, dental, and nursing students and faculties and the proposal of BLS skills in the academic curriculum of undergraduate (UG) course. Recognition, prevention, and effective management of life-threatening emergencies are the responsibility of health-care professionals. These situations can be successfully managed by proper knowledge and training of the BLS skills. These life-saving maneuvers can be given through the structured resuscitation programs, which are lacking in the academic curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841876/specific-entrustable-professional-activities-for-undergraduate-medical-internships-a-method-compatible-with-the-academic-curriculum
#12
Alicia Hamui-Sutton, Ana María Monterrosas-Rojas, Armando Ortiz-Montalvo, Felipe Flores-Morones, Uri Torruco-García, Andrea Navarrete-Martínez, Araceli Arrioja-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Competency-based education has been considered the most important pedagogical trend in Medicine in the last two decades. In clinical contexts, competencies are implemented through Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) which are observable and measurable. The aim of this paper is to describe the methodology used in the design of educational tools to assess students´ competencies in clinical practice during their undergraduate internship (UI). In this paper, we present the construction of specific APROCs (Actividades Profesionales Confiables) in Surgery (S), Gynecology and Obstetrics (GO) and Family Medicine (FM) rotations with three levels of performance...
August 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839311/measuring-empathy-of-medical-students-studying-different-curricula-a-causal-comparative-study
#13
Ayesha Ayub, Rehan Ahmed Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in empathy level of undergraduate medical students studying two different curricula. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Independent Medical College of Faisalabad and Islamic International Medical Collegeof Islamabad, both in Pakistan, from July to September 2016. The two medical colleges had two different types of curriculum systems; the integrated modular system and the discipline-based curriculum. The Toronto empathy questionnaire was used to calculate empathy scores...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838631/true-communication-skills-assessment-in-interdepartmental-osce-stations-standard-setting-using-the-maas-global-and-edug
#14
Winny Setyonugroho, Thomas Kropmans, Ruth Murphy, Peter Hayes, Jan van Dalen, Kieran M Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Comparing outcome of clinical skills assessment is challenging. This study proposes reliable and valid comparison of communication skills (1) assessment as practiced in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (2). The aim of the present study is to compare CS assessment, as standardized according to the MAAS Global, between stations in a single undergraduate medical year. METHODS: An OSCE delivered in an Irish undergraduate curriculum was studied...
July 11, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832460/impact-of-simulation-enhanced-pharmacology-education-in-prelicensure-nursing-education
#15
Jill Steiner Sanko, Mary Mckay
Student and novice nurses are susceptible to committing medication errors related to lack of experience. To address medication safety, a quasi-experimental design (N = 120) was used to test the effect of adding simulation to an undergraduate nursing pharmacology course on students' confidence and competence, medication adverse events, and observed medication administration practices. Students who received simulation-enhanced pharmacology demonstrated important improvements in medication administration safety...
September 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830418/medical-students-preparedness-for-professional-activities-in-early-clerkships
#16
Josefin Bosch, Asja Maaz, Tanja Hitzblech, Ylva Holzhausen, Harm Peters
BACKGROUND: Sufficient preparedness is important for transitions to workplace participation and learning in clinical settings. This study aims to analyse medical students' preparedness for early clerkships using a three-dimensional, socio-cognitive, theory-based model of preparedness anchored in specific professional activities and their supervision level. METHODS: Medical students from a competency-based undergraduate curriculum were surveyed about preparedness for 21 professional activities and level of perceived supervision during their early clerkships via an online questionnaire...
August 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826297/twelve-tips-for-teaching-child-development-and-disability-to-medical-students
#17
Jenny McDonald
Child development is a marker of well-being in childhood and recognition of developmental delay allows timely investigation and intervention for children with developmental disabilities. Despite this, child development and disabilities are not given emphasis in the medical curriculum. This under representation of teaching combined with the stigma associated with disabilities contributes to the sub-optimal health care of people with disabilities. As well as, addressing the stigma of disability a medical undergraduate curriculum should include: the key concepts of child development; the clinical presentation of the most common developmental disabilities; developmental history taking and the infant neurodevelopmental examination...
August 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#18
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815466/medical-students-perceptions-of-a%C3%A2-novel-institutional-incident-reporting-system-a%C3%A2-thematic-analysis
#19
Morris Gordon, Dillan Parakh
BACKGROUND: Errors in healthcare are a major patient safety issue, with incident reporting a key solution. The incident reporting system has been integrated within a new medical curriculum, encouraging medical students to take part in this key safety process. The aim of this study was to describe the system and assess how students perceived the reporting system with regards to its role in enhancing safety. METHODS: Employing a thematic analysis, this study used interviews with medical students at the end of the first year...
August 16, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797863/palliative-care-development-in-mongolia
#20
Odontuya Davaasuren, Frank Ferris
CONTEXT: Since the year 2000, Mongolia has established the foundation measures for a national palliative care program and has made several significant achievements. METHODS: Systematic reviews and observational studieson palliative care development in Mongolia have taken place overthe past 16 years. RESULTS: Mongolia began palliative care development in 2000 with the creation of the Mongolian Palliative Care Society and the Palliative Care Department...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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