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Undergraduate medical curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#1
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#2
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708355/-undergraduate-training-in-physician-patient-communication
#3
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#4
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#5
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687048/a-core-undergraduate-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-scandinavia
#6
Stian K Almeland, Andrew Lindford, Jais Oliver Berg, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, undergraduate medical education has undergone a transition from a speciality-based to a more competence-based training system. Consequently, whilst medical knowledge is rapidly expanding, time for teaching of the surgical specialties is decreasing. Thus, there appears to be a need to define the core competences that are to be taught. The aim of this study was to establish a Scandinavian core undergraduate curriculum of competences in plastic surgery, using scientific methods...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678133/the-fourth-year-of-medical-school-time-for-reassessment-aoa-critical-issues
#7
Benjamin A Alman, James J Purtill, Vincent D Pellegrini, Peter Scoles
Most U.S. medical schools follow the 4-year model, consisting of 2 preclinical years, core clinical experience, and a fourth year intended to permit students to increase clinical competency, to explore specialty areas, and to transition to residency. Although the design and delivery of Years 1 through 3 have evolved to meet new challenges and expectations, the structure of Year 4 remains largely unchanged. For most students considering a career in orthopaedics, Year 4 is a series of elective rotations in which educational objectives become secondary to interviewing for residency programs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#8
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669785/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-vaccination-a-survey-of-serbian-students
#9
Smiljana J Cvjetkovic, Vida Lj Jeremic, Danijela V Tiosavljevic
Since vaccination coverage in Serbia has been decreasing and health professionals have been identified as the most important factor in making decisions about immunization, vaccination knowledge and attitudes of students, especially medical students, are of particular interest. A cross-sectional survey was carried out on three groups of 509 Belgrade University students (medical, law and engineering students). The data were collected using an on-line questionnaire posted to student groups and included the Vaccine Knowledge Questionnaire and Attitudes Toward Vaccination Scale...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657484/teaching-veterinary-anesthesia-a-survey-based-evaluation-of-two-high-fidelity-models-and-live-animal-experience-for-undergraduate-veterinary-students
#10
Gabrielle C Musk, Teresa Collins, Giselle Hosgood
In veterinary medical education, reduction, replacement, and refinement (the three Rs) must be considered. Three clinical skills in anesthesia were identified as challenging to students: endotracheal intubation, intravenous catheterization, and drug dose calculations. The aims of this project were to evaluate students' perception of their level of confidence in performing these three clinical skills in veterinary anesthesia, to document the extent of students' previous experience in performing these three tasks, and to describe students' emotional states during this training...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#11
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#12
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#13
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624845/web-based-teaching-video-packages-on-anatomical-education
#14
Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ayse Hilal Bati
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to study the effect of web-based teaching video packages on medical students' satisfaction during gross anatomy education. The objective was to test the hypothesis that individual preference, which can be related to learning style, influences individual utilization of the video packages developed specifically for the undergraduate medical curriculum. METHODS: Web-based teaching video packages consisting of Closed Circuit Audiovisual System and Distance Education of Anatomy were prepared...
June 17, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614541/knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-dementia-among-final-year-medical-students-in-brazil
#15
Alessandro Ferrari Jacinto, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero, José Luiz de Lima, Paulo José Fortes Villas Boas, Adriana Polachini do Valle, Ananda Ghelfi Raza Leite
Objective: Among all countries, Brazil is expected to have the sixth largest elderly population in 2025. Dementia syndromes are prominent among aging-related diseases. Despite the necessity of and curriculum for training in geriatric medicine to make recommendations on an approach to this theme, adequate training appears to be infrequent. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge about dementia and students' attitude towards it during the last semester of the medical course in two of the most important Brazilian medical schools...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#16
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601262/medical-students-communication-skills-in-clinical-education-results-from-a-cohort-study
#17
Cadja Bachmann, Silke Roschlaub, Sigrid Harendza, Rebecca Keim, Martin Scherer
OBJECTIVE: To assess students' communication skills during clinical medical education and at graduation. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study from 2007 to 2011 with 26 voluntary undergraduate medical students at Hamburg University based on video-taped consultations in year four and at graduation. 176 consultations were analyzed quantitatively with validated and non-validated context-independent communication observation instruments (interrater reliability ≥0...
May 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600581/patient-safety-in-surgical-education-passed-a-pilot-study-using-ipad-game-to-teach-patient-safety-in-undergraduate-medical-curriculum
#18
Alfred Wc Kow, Sophia Bl Ang, Choon Seng Chong, Wee Boon Tan, Menon R Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599897/to-the-point-medical-education-technology-and-the-millennial-learner
#19
REVIEW
Laura Hopkins, Brittany S Hampton, Jodi F Abbott, Samantha D Buery-Joyner, LaTasha B Craig, John L Dalrymple, David A Forstein, Scott C Graziano, Margaret L McKenzie, Archana Pradham, Abigail Wolf, Sarah M Page-Ramsey
This article, from the "To The Point" series that was prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, provides an overview of the characteristics of millennials and describes how medical educators can customize and reframe their curricula and teaching methods to maximize millennial learning. A literature search was performed to identify articles on generational learning. We summarize the importance of understanding the attitudes, ideas, and priorities of millennials to tailor educational methods to stimulate and enhance learning...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597874/evaluation-of-an-extracurricular-program-for-students-interested-in-rural-and-public-health
#20
Do-Hwan Kim, Ah Reum An, Eun Jeong Kim, Jong-Koo Lee, Seung-Hee Lee
PURPOSE: The problem regarding the geographic imbalance of the physician workforce has been a long-standing problem in South Korea. Additionally, rural medicine and public health have been marginalized across whole undergraduate curriculums. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an extracurricular program targeting medical students interested in rural and public health. METHODS: A 2-day extracurricular program was held twice in 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
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