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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648957/teaching-psychology-to-nursing-students-a-discussion-of-the-potential-contribution-of-psychology-towards-building-resilience-to-lapses-in-compassionate-caring
#1
Jan M A de Vries, Fiona Timmins
Psychology is a required element in nursing education in many countries. It is particularly aimed at teaching nursing students to get a better understanding of patients, colleagues, health care organizations and themselves, and moreover to apply what they learn about psychology to optimise their care. A meaningful integration of psychology within nursing education requires an emphasis on its application in understanding aspects of care and skills development. However, its ultimate value is demonstrated when addressing problem areas in nursing and health care...
June 17, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639980/improving-student-receptivity-to-abortion-care-education
#2
Pat Mahaffee Gingrich
Letting nursing students develop resilience in the presence of moral complexity improves compassionate patient care for women contemplating abortion. Nursing education needs to include quality materials on abortion care in order to create educated providers and citizens. Some students are resistant or conflicted about this topic. A preclass optional, anonymous survey allows students the opportunity to voice concerns about this sensitive topic and guides the instructor in designing class materials. Resulting classroom dialogue is less heated and more collegial, enabling students to examine and process this complex professional practice issue and practice navigating ethical dilemmas...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635438/resilience-mediated-the-association-between-acculturation-and-psychological-growth-in-college-students-from-hong-kong-to-guangzhou-china
#3
Nancy Xiaonan Yu, Chang Liu, Zhenzhu Yue
BACKGROUND: The number of Hong Kong citizens living in mainland China is increasing. The process of acculturation may create opportunities for psychological growth. AIMS: This study aimed at examining whether resilience mediated the effects of acculturation on psychological growth in college students from Hong Kong to Guangzhou. METHOD: In this cross-sectional survey, 164 college students in Guangzhou who were Hong Kong permanent residents (female: 46%, age: 21...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625414/effects-of-health-empowerment-intervention-on-resilience-of-adolescents-in-a-tribal-area-a-study-using-the-solomon-four-groups-design
#4
Kaushik Sarkar, Aparajita Dasgupta, Multipada Sinha, Bhaskar Shahbabu
RATIONALE: Resilience prevents the emergence of stress-related mental health problems among adolescents. Adolescents in tribal areas of India are more prone to develop such problems. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effect of combined life skills-based health empowerment intervention on the resilience of school-going adolescents in a tribal area. The secondary objectives were to determine the effect of the intervention on internal health locus of control and self-determination and to compare the effect of intervention on resilience between non-tribal and tribal adolescents...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590081/resilience-as-a-mediator-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Mairena Sánchez-López, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the relationship between resilience, cardiorespiratory fitness, and mental health-related quality of life, and examined whether resilience acts as a mediator between the latter two. The study included 770 university students, aged 18-30 years, from Cuenca, Spain. Anthropometric, sociodemographic, cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle run test), biochemical parameters, resilience, and mental health-related quality of life measurements were analyzed. The results showed that mental health-related quality-of-life values were significantly higher in students who had good cardiorespiratory fitness and a high level of resilience...
June 7, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571475/biological-sensitivity-to-the-effects-of-childhood-family-adversity-on-psychological-well-being-in-young-adulthood
#6
Jennifer A Somers, Mariam Hanna Ibrahim, Linda J Luecken
The theory of biological sensitivity to context may inform our understanding of why some children exposed to family adversity develop mental health problems in emerging adulthood whereas others demonstrate resilience. This study investigated the interactive effects of heart rate (HR) reactivity and childhood family adversity (maltreatment and changes in family structure) on depressive symptoms and positive affect among 150 undergraduate students (18-28 years old; 77% White, non-Hispanic; 61% female). Participants reported on childhood parental divorce or death, and child maltreatment, and current depressive symptoms and positive affect...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558533/relationships-among-stress-burnout-athletic-identity-and-athlete-satisfaction-in-students-at-korea-s-physical-education-high-schools
#7
Keunchul Lee, Sangwook Kang, Inwoo Kim
We tested the structural relationships between stress, burnout, athletic identity, and athlete satisfaction in student athletes attending Korea's physical education high schools and analyzed the differences between paths by ego resilience. Data were collected from student athletes at three Korean physical education high schools. Before data collection, each instruments' content validity was confirmed, and after data collection, construct validity was tested using factor analysis. The results were derived using reliability testing, descriptive statistics, correlation analyses, and structural equation modeling...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557942/beyond-selection-the-use-of-situational-judgement-tests-in-the-teaching-and-assessment-of-professionalism
#8
Barbara D Goss, Anna T Ryan, Joshua Waring, Terry Judd, Neville G Chiavaroli, Richard Charles O'Brien, Stephen C Trumble, Geoffrey J McColl
PROBLEM: Professionalism is a critical attribute of medical graduates. Its measurement is challenging. The authors sought to assess final-year medical students' knowledge of appropriate professional behavior across a broad range of workplace situations. APPROACH: Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are used widely in applicant selection to assess judgement or decision making in work-related settings as well as attributes such as empathy, integrity, and resilience...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555115/long-term-results-from-the-empowering-a-multimodal-pathway-toward-healthy-youth-program-a-multimodal-school-based-approach-show-marked-reductions-in-suicidality-depression-and-anxiety-in-6-227-students-in-grades-6-12-aged-11-18
#9
Peter H Silverstone, Marni Bercov, Victoria Y M Suen, Andrea Allen, Ivor Cribben, Jodi Goodrick, Stu Henry, Catherine Pryce, Pieter Langstraat, Katherine Rittenbach, Samprita Chakraborty, Rutger C Engles, Christopher McCabe
Here, we report on findings from a 15-month follow-up of a school-based program called Empowering a Multimodal Pathway Toward Healthy Youth (EMPATHY). This was primarily intended to reduce suicidal thinking in pre-teens, adolescents, and youth students aged 11-18 in middle schools (Grades 6-8) and high SCHOOLS (Grades 9-12). It also aimed to reduce depression and anxiety. The EMPATHY multimodal program consisted of repeated data collection, identification of a high-risk group, a rapid intervention for this high-risk group including offering supervised online cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) program, a universal CBT intervention for those in Grades 6-8, a variety of interactions with trained staff ("Resiliency Coaches"), and referral to external medical and psychiatric services where appropriate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551199/resilience-in-the-face-of-peer-victimisation-and-discrimination-the-who-when-and-why-in-five-patterns-of-adjustment
#10
Daniela Fonseca Freitas, Susana Coimbra, Edna Maria Marturano, Susana C Marques, José Egídio Oliveira, Anne Marie Fontaine
Victimisation has a negative effect on psychosocial functioning. Based on the resilience theory, and with a sample of 2975 Portuguese students, the present study aims to: i) identify patterns of adjustment in the face of peer victimisation and perceptions of discrimination; ii) explore the association between the patterns of adjustment and the characteristics of participants (the who) and of the victimisation (the when and why). Cluster analysis revealed five patterns of adjustment: Unchallenged; Externally Maladjusted; Internally Maladjusted; Resilient, and At-Risk...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540522/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-as-mediator-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-family-socio-economic-status-and-school-grades
#11
Guido Alessandri, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Concetta Pastorelli
Family socio-economic status (SES) represents one of the major determinants of youth's scholastic achievement, and thus it is important to unravel the psychological factors underlining this relation. In this article, we examined youth's ability to flexibly adapt and, thus, cope with harsh environmental conditions-assessed by the construct of ego-resiliency-as a mediating mechanism in the across-time association between family SES and academic achievement. The longitudinal sample was composed of 265 (56% females) Italian students who were about 13 years old at Time 1 (T1) and about 18 years old at Time 2 (T2)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538137/evidence-affirming-school-supports-for-australian-transgender-and-gender-diverse-students
#12
Tiffany Jones
Background: The United Nations (UN) and related UN bodies have recognised transgender and gender diverse (TGD) students' rights at the global level to full equitable access to education, and specifically sexuality education, repeatedly. Methods: This article explores the available support for this equal access in Australia. It discusses TGD student rights in a range of Australian laws and education policies. Results: It shows how the inclusion of TGD students, particularly in sexuality education, is reinforced in the current Australian National Curricula...
May 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481850/physician-burnout-and-well-being-a-systematic-review-and-framework-for-action
#13
David A Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout in the United States has reached epidemic proportions and is rising rapidly, although burnout in other occupations is stable. Its negative impact is far reaching and includes harm to the burned-out physician, as well as patients, coworkers, family members, close friends, and healthcare organizations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide an accurate, current summary of what is known about physician burnout and to develop a framework to reverse its current negative impact, decrease its prevalence, and implement effective organizational and personal interventions...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473792/relationship-between-resilience-and-self-regulation-a-study-of-spanish-youth-at-risk-of-social-exclusion
#14
Raquel Artuch-Garde, Maria Del Carmen González-Torres, Jesús de la Fuente, M Mariano Vera, María Fernández-Cabezas, Mireia López-García
The ability to self-regulate behavior is one of the most important protective factors in relation with resilience and should be fostered especially in at-risk youth. Previous research has characterized these students as having behaviors indicating lack of foresight. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothetical relationship between these personal variables. It was hypothesized that self-regulation would be associated with and would be a good predictor of resilience, and that low-medium-high levels of self-regulation would lead to similar levels of resilience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467230/ethnic-identity-negotiation-among-sami-youth-living-in-a-majority-sami-community-in-norway
#15
Kristine Nystad, Anna Rita Spein, Asta Mitkija Balto, Benedicte Ingstad
BACKGROUND: This study was part of the international research project "Circumpolar Indigenous Pathways to Adulthood" (CIPA). OBJECTIVES: To explore ethnic identity negotiation, an unexplored theme, among indigenous North Sami youth living in a majority Sami community context in Arctic Norway. METHODS: A qualitative design was followed using open-ended, in-depth interviews conducted in 2010 with 22 Sami adolescents aged 13-19 years, all reporting Sami self-identification...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466230/depression-and-associated-factors-among-gay-and-heterosexual-male-university-students-in-nigeria
#16
Olakunle A Oginni, Kolawole S Mosaku, Boladale M Mapayi, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Temitope O Afolabi
Homosexuality is a recognized risk factor for depression in high-income countries; however, there is little research investigating the relationship between depression and sexual orientation in developing countries, especially in Africa. In this first study to investigate psychopathology in sexual minority men in Nigeria, the prevalence rates of depression in Nigerian gay and heterosexual individuals were compared as well as the explanatory power of risk and resilience factors in both groups. Eighty-one gay and 81 heterosexual male university students were, respectively, recruited from the Obafemi Awolowo University...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460570/medical-student-resilience-and-stressful-clinical-events-during-clinical-training
#17
Jennifer C Houpy, Wei Wei Lee, James N Woodruff, Amber T Pincavage
BACKGROUND: Medical students face numerous stressors during their clinical years, including difficult clinical events. Fostering resilience is a promising way to mitigate negative effects of stressors, prevent burnout, and help students thrive after difficult experiences. However, little is known about medical student resilience. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medical student resilience and responses to difficult clinical events during clinical training. DESIGN: Sixty-two third-year (MS3) and 55 fourth-year (MS4) University of Chicago medical students completed surveys in 2016 assessing resilience (Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC 10), symptoms of burnout, need for resilience training, and responses to difficult clinical events...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460025/assessing-the-impact-of-a-healthy-relationships-curriculum-on-native-american-adolescents
#18
Jennifer G Schanen, Alice Skenandore, Beverly Scow, Janet Hagen
This study suggests Discovery Dating, a healthy relationships curriculum, as one way of preventing teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. This study seeks to determine what theory of change best aligns with Discovery Dating, by assessing the curriculum's impact on adolescent resilience, self-efficacy, and personal agency, which are suggested as protective factors against teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. Authors describe the implementation of the Discovery Dating program in a western U...
April 28, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#19
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452696/personal-and-environmental-resources-mediate-the-positivity-emotional-dysfunction-relationship
#20
H Matthew Lehrer, Katherine C Janus, Christian T Gloria, Mary A Steinhardt
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. METHODS: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
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