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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653301/the-moderating-role-of-resilience-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-binge-eating-symptoms-among-young-adult-women
#1
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Rebecca C Kamody, Sylvia Herbozo, Caroline Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence and young adulthood are developmental periods during the life course that are sometimes associated with heightened stress and engagement in binge eating. Binge eating has been linked to psychiatric comorbidity, poorer physical health, and lower quality of life. However, less is known about protective factors that could buffer against binge eating behaviors. The current study examined the moderating role of resilience on the relationship between perceived stress and binge eating symptoms among emerging adult female college students...
April 2, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620387/young-adult-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-stigma-experiences-and-mental-health-an-8-year-longitudinal-study
#2
John E Pachankis, Timothy J Sullivan, Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb
This study investigated longitudinal trajectories of stigma (i.e., enacted, anticipated, internalized, concealed); stress-sensitive mental health disorder symptoms (i.e., depression, social anxiety); and their associations across 8 annual assessments in a sample of 128 young gay and bisexual U.S. university students. All forms of stigma significantly decreased over time, while depressive symptoms remained stable and social anxiety symptoms significantly increased. Men from higher socioeconomic backgrounds experienced quicker reductions in anticipated stigma, compared to men from lower socioeconomic backgrounds...
April 5, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606705/review-of-grit-and-resilience-literature-within-health-professions-education
#3
REVIEW
Jaclyn M Stoffel, Jeff Cain
Objective. To review literature pertaining to grit and resilience in health professions education. Findings. There is significant interest in grit and resilience throughout the health professions, but little has been published with regard to pharmacy. Although there are methodological issues with defining and measuring grit and resilience, several studies have shown relationships between the constructs and personal and academic well-being. Educational interventions aimed at increasing grit and resilience have produced mixed results...
March 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602138/the-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-nurses-and-nursing-students-an-integrated-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Pamela van der Riet, Tracy Levett-Jones, Catherine Aquino-Russell
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has identified a range of beneficial physiological and psychological outcomes from the regular practice of mindfulness meditation. For healthcare professionals, mindfulness meditation is claimed to reduce stress, anxiety and burnout, and enhance resilience. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this integrative review was to critically appraise the literature that related to the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation programs for nurses and nursing students...
March 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595567/integrating-climate-change-into-nursing-curricula
#5
Ruth McDermott-Levy, Kathryn P Jackman-Murphy, Jeanne M Leffers, Lisa Jordan
Climate change is a significant threat to human health across the life cycle. Nurses play an important role in mitigation, adaptation, and resilience to climate change. The use of health care resources, air quality and extreme heat, mental health, and natural disasters are major content areas across undergraduate nursing curricula that influence or are influenced by climate change. Teaching strategies and resources are offered to prepare nursing students to address climate change and human health.
March 28, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566594/coping-as-a-mediator-between-parental-attachment-and-resilience-an-examination-of-differential-effects-between-chinese-adolescents-from-single-parent-families-versus-those-from-intact-families
#6
Xiamei Guo
The crude divorce rate has been increasing steadily for over a decade in China. Consequently, more and more children have to face the challenge of growing up in single parent families. The current study investigated the mediating effects of problem-oriented and emotion-oriented coping on the relationship between parental attachment and psychological resilience among a sample of Chinese adolescents from single parent families and intact families. Participants were 975 high school students (44.30% males; aged 15-19 years, M = 16...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560369/high-tibial-osteotomy-performed-with-all-peek-implants-demonstrates-similar-outcomes-but-less-hardware-removal-at-minimum-2-year-follow-up-compared-with-metal-plates
#7
Troy A Roberson, Amit M Momaya, Kyle Adams, Catherine D Long, John M Tokish, Douglas J Wyland
Background: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a valuable treatment option in the high-demand patient with chondral damage and an altered mechanical axis. Traditional opening wedge HTO performed with metal plates has several limitations, including hardware irritation, obscuration of detail on magnetic resonance imaging, and complexity of revision surgery. Recently, an all-polyetheretherketone (PEEK) HTO implant was introduced, but no studies to date have evaluated the performance of this implant with minimum 2-year outcomes compared with a traditional metal plate...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559938/being-bullied-in-virtual-environments-experiences-and-reactions-of-male-and-female-students-to-a-male-or-female-oppressor
#8
Nicole Krämer, Sabrina Sobieraj, Dan Feng, Elisabeth Trubina, Stacy Marsella
Bullying is a pressing societal problem. As such, it is important to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in bullying and of resilience factors which might protect victims. Moreover, it is necessary to provide tools that can train potential victims to strengthen their resilience. To facilitate both of these goals, the current study tests a recently developed virtual environment that puts participants in the role of a victim who is being oppressed by a superior. In a 2 × 2 between-subjects experiment ( N = 81), we measured the effects of gender of the oppressor and gender of the participant on psychophysiological reactions, subjective experiences and willingness to report the event...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550644/a-web-based-resource-for-promoting-equity-in-midwifery-education-and-training-towards-meaningful-diversity-and-inclusion
#9
Kristin J Effland, Karen Hays
Increasing the midwifery workforce requires that aspiring midwives complete education and training, but structural racism and microaggressions impact the lives of underrepresented midwifery students and apprentices, adding stressors and disparities to the usual demanding educational challenges. In order to be resilient, students rely on preceptors, faculty, administrators and institutions to promote equity. Equity-focused learning environments improve student experiences and success rates, and better prepare all students to provide culturally humble and sensitive care to diverse childbearing persons and other essential competencies outlined by the International Confederation of Midwives...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547979/absence-of-a-link-between-childhood-parental-military-service-on-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-among-college-students
#10
Nathan H Johnson, Carol Vidal, Flavius R W Lilly
Background: Current prevalence estimates are 15% for depression and 20% for anxiety disorders among college students. These disorders are known to negatively impact academic achievement and persistence. It is important to understand the effects of parental military service on the mental health of children across development. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of being raised in a military household on current and historical depression and anxiety disorders among college students...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538108/addressing-student-burnout-what-medical-schools-can-learn-from-business-schools
#11
Akhilesh S Pathipati, Christine K Cassel
Although they enter school with enthusiasm for a career in medicine, medical students in the United States subsequently report high levels of burnout and disillusionment. As medical school leaders consider how to address this problem, they can look to business schools as one source of inspiration. In this Commentary, the authors argue-based on their collective experience in both medical and business education-that medical schools can draw three lessons from business schools that can help reinvigorate students...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528537/the-association-between-adolescent-condom-use-and-individual-and-environmental-resilience-protective-factors
#12
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Sally Homer, Megan Freund, Jennifer A Bowman, Christophe Lecathelinais, Kim Colyvas, Elizabeth Campbell, Karen Gillham, Julia Dray, John H Wiggers
OBJECTIVE: Individual and environmental resilience protective factors are suggested to be associated with adolescent condom use; however, previous studies have not comprehensively examined such associations. This study aimed to determine the associations between condom use, and numerous individual and environmental resilience protective factors in sexually active Australian adolescents. METHODS: Participants were Grade 10 students attending 28 Australian government high schools (n=1,688)...
March 12, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519209/adaptation-resilience-and-secure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-young-south-african-female-students-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-childhood
#13
Katherine Bain, Carla Durbach
Much research details the psychological risks to individuals exposed as children to intimate partner violence (IPV). However, resilience has been a neglected area of study within this population. This article details adaptive responses in six participants exposed to IPV in childhood. Adult attachment interviews (AAI) and follow-up semi-structured interviews analyzed using an interpretive thematic analysis revealed common themes relating to psychological defenses and adaptive strategies. Despite exposure to IPV in childhood, these six women were found to have secure attachment states of mind...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503607/effect-of-somatic-experiencing-resiliency-based-trauma-treatment-training-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-health-as-potential-markers-of-resilience-in-treating-professionals
#14
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498316/effect-of-perceived-parent-child-relationship-in-childhood-on-resilience-in-japanese-youth
#15
Takahiro Tamura
The present study examined the effect of the perceived parent-child relationship in childhood on resilience in youth. It recruited 268 university students majoring in education and college students majoring in welfare science to investigate the relationship between their perception of parent-child relationship in their childhood and their current resilience by their responses on the Adolescent Resilience Scale and the Children's Perceived Affiliation for Parents Scale. The results indicated that female's positive perception of their relationship with their mothers in childhood had a positive influence on their resilience...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498237/the-africa-yoga-project-and-well-being-a-concept-map-of-students-perceptions
#16
Carla A Giambrone, Catherine P Cook-Cottone, Jessalyn E Klein
BACKGROUND: Concept mapping methodology was used to explore the perceived impact of practicing yoga with the Africa Yoga Project (AYP)-an organisation created to increase health and well-being by providing community-based yoga classes throughout Kenya. AYP's mission fit with theoretical models of well-being is discussed. Anecdotal evidence and initial qualitative research suggested the AYP meaningfully impacted adult students. METHODS: Of the hundreds of AYP's adult students, 56 and 82 students participated in Phases I and II, respectively...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497688/redundant-target-processing-is-robust-against-changes-to-task-load
#17
Stephanie A Morey, Nicole A Thomas, Jason S McCarley
Monitoring visual displays while performing other tasks is commonplace in many operational environments. Although dividing attention between tasks can impair monitoring accuracy and response times, it is unclear whether it also reduces processing efficiency for visual targets. Thus, the current three experiments examined the effects of dual-tasking on target processing in the visual periphery. A total of 120 undergraduate students performed a redundant-target task either by itself (Experiment 1a) or in conjunction with a manual tracking task (Experiments 1b-3)...
2018: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491843/type-and-timing-of-negative-life-events-are-associated-with-adolescent-depression
#18
Saori Nishikawa, Takashi X Fujisawa, Masahiko Kojima, Akemi Tomoda
Previous studies have demonstrated an association between negative life events (NLEs) in childhood and resilience/posttraumatic growth (PTG) with regard to the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder. We hypothesized that the type and timing of NLEs interact to influence mental health in the general youth population. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effects of NLE timing and intensity on current depressive symptoms, and to determine the direct and indirect effects of NLEs/resilience on PTG and depression among non-clinical adolescents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482050/investigating-the-psychological-resilience-self-confidence-and-problem-solving-skills-of-midwife-candidates
#19
Sukran Ertekin Pinar, Gulay Yildirim, Neslihan Sayin
BACKGROUND: The high level of psychological resilience, self-confidence and problem solving skills of midwife candidates play an important role in increasing the quality of health care and in fulfilling their responsibilities towards patients. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the psychological resilience, self-confidence and problem-solving skills of midwife candidates. DESIGN: It is a convenience descriptive quantitative study...
February 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460692/mediating-effects-of-positive-thinking-and-social-support-on-suicide-resilience
#20
Denise M Matel-Anderson, Abir K Bekhet, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal
Suicide has been the second leading cause of death for 18- to 24-year-olds in the United States since 2011. The stress experienced by undergraduate college students has the potential to increase one's risk for suicide. Resilience theory was used as a theoretical framework to examine the interplay between risk and protective factors. A cross-sectional and correlational design was used to assess the mediating effects of positive thinking and/or social support on suicide resilience in 131 college students 18 to 24 years old who completed an online survey...
February 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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