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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048447/strategies-for-disease-prevention-and-health-promotion-in-urban-areas-the-erice-50-charter
#1
D D'Alessandro, S Arletti, A Azara, M Buffoli, L Capasso, A Cappuccitti, A Casuccio, A Cecchini, G Costa, A M De Martino, M Dettori, E Di Rosa, G M Fara, M Ferrante, G Giammanco, A Lauria, G Melis, U Moscato, I Oberti, C Patrizio, M G Petronio, A Rebecchi, V Romano Spica, G Settimo, C Signorelli, S Capolongo
The Erice 50 Charter titled "Strategies for Diseases Prevention and Health Promotion in Urban Areas" was unanimously approved at the conclusion of the 50th Residential Course "Urban Health. Instruments for promoting health and for assessing hygienic and sanitary conditions in urban areas", held from 29th March to 2nd April 2017 in Erice, at the "Ettore Majorana" Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture and promoted by the International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine "G. D'Alessandro" and the Study Group "Building Hygiene" of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (SItI)...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047199/student-veterans-construction-and-enactment-of-resilience-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#2
Andrew Thomas Reyes, Christopher A Kearney, Katrina Isla, Ross Bryant
INTRODUCTION: Adjusting to college life is one of the most difficult experiences in a military veteran's transition to civilian life. Many military veterans returning to college not only encounter academic challenges, but also deal with physical and psychiatric disabilities, loss of military camaraderie, and social disconnect. These often negatively affect their personal and academic lives. Hence, it is important to explore resilience in order to best support student veterans as they transition from military to civilian life...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046607/exporting-a-student-centered-curriculum-a-home-institution-s-perspective
#3
Dominique Waterval, Marjolijn Tinnemans-Adriaanse, Mohammed Meziani, Erik Driessen, Albert Scherpbier, Abdulrahman Mazrou, Janneke Frambach
Numerous, mainly Anglo-Saxon, higher education institutions have agreements with foreign providers to deliver their curricula abroad. This trend is gradually making inroads into the medical domain, where foreign institutions undertake to offer their students learning experiences similar to those of the home institution. Not an easy feat, as the national health care contexts differ greatly between institutions. In a bid to export the curriculum, institutions risk compromising their financial resilience and reputation...
July 2017: J Stud Int Educ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044313/evaluation-of-the-anti-osteoporotic-effect-of-ginkgo-biloba-l-in-wistar-rats-with-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-by-bone-densitometry-using-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dexa-and-mechanical-testing
#4
Leda M F Lucinda, Beatriz J V Aarestrup, Maycon M Reboredo, Thais D A Pains, Raphael Z Chaves, João E P Reis, Mário J Q Louzada, Martha O Guerra
Evaluate the effect of the extract of Ginkgo biloba in the bone alkaline phosphatase, bone mineral density, in the mechanical properties of the tibia in rats with glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis. After osteoporosis induction, the rats were divided into five groups: Osteoporosis; EGb1 (28 mg/Kg); EGb2 (56 mg/Kg); alendronate (0.2 mg/animal) and control. The animals were treated during 20 and 30 days. The control group was compared with the osteoporosis's (Student's t-test), while the other were analyzed by ANOVA test followed by Tukey/Dunnett'T3 (p<0...
October 16, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039703/the-relationship-between-resilience-and-internet-addiction-a-multiple-mediation-model-through-peer-relationship-and-depression
#5
Pingyan Zhou, Cai Zhang, Jian Liu, Zhe Wang
Heavy use of the Internet may lead to profound academic problems in elementary students, such as poor grades, academic probation, and even expulsion from school. It is of great concern that Internet addiction problems in elementary school students have increased sharply in recent years. In this study, 58,756 elementary school students from the Henan province of China completed four questionnaires to explore the mechanisms of Internet addiction. The results showed that resilience was negatively correlated with Internet addiction...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031084/moving-towards-the-benign-automatic-interpretation-bias-modification-in-dysphoria
#6
Alexandra H Cowden Hindash, Jonathan A Rottenberg
Automatic cognitive biases are important to theories of depression and reducing such biases may contribute to therapeutic gains. The present study examined (1) whether it was possible to reduce automatic interpretation biases (AIB) in a single session among dysphoric subjects and (2) whether the effects of modifying AIB generalized to other measures of cognition and emotion. 76 dysphoric students completed a modified semantic association paradigm in which they were randomized to receive active or random-feedback-based training...
September 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989553/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-intervention-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-self-leadership-training-mbslt-on-stress-and-performance
#7
Juliane Sampl, Thomas Maran, Marco R Furtner
The present randomized pilot intervention study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based self-leadership training (MBSLT) specifically developed for academic achievement situations. Both mindfulness and self-leadership have a strong self-regulatory focus and are helpful in terms of stress resilience and performance enhancements. Based on several theoretical points of contact and a specific interplay between mindfulness and self-leadership, the authors developed an innovative intervention program that improves mood as well as performance in a real academic setting...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985011/dental-students-and-staff-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-learning-environment-disruption-on-their-learning-and-teaching-experiences
#8
A J M The, L Adam, A Meldrum, P Brunton
INTRODUCTION: This project is a qualitative investigation into student and staff experiences of the effect of a major building redevelopment on their Dental School learning and teaching environments. Currently, there is little research exploring the impact of disruptions to the learning environment on students' learning and staff teaching experiences. METHOD: Data were collected in 2016 using an online survey, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with students and staff...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968562/mind-full-of-life-does-mindfulness-confer-resilience-to-suicide-by-increasing-zest-for-life
#9
Khan R L Collins, Werner G K Stritzke, Andrew C Page, Julia D Brown, Tricia J Wylde
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness is a trainable skill that may enhance resilience to suicidality among vulnerable groups such as young people. The current study examined whether mindfulness protects against suicidal desire in the face of heightened risk and adversity by increasing zest for life in a sample of university students. METHODS: In a prospective design, participants (N = 233) were assessed at two time points over eight weeks. Online surveys included the Mindful Attention and Awareness Scale, Zest for Life Scale, Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, and items assessing suicidal ideation and suicidal intent...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968223/in-sport-and-now-in-medical-school-examining-students-well-being-and-motivations-for-learning
#10
Oksana Babenko, Amber Mosewich
Objectives: To investigate relationships between students' past level of involvement in physical activity/sport and their motivations for learning (achievement goals) and well-being in medical school. In doing so, we provide evidence to medical programs to inform admission processes and curriculum planning. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Out of 640 medical students, 267 completed an online questionnaire with measures of: achievement goals, academic burnout, physical activity/sport involvement, and demographics...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966911/risk-and-resilience-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-mongolian-college-students
#11
Sarantsetseg Davaasambuu, Tovigoo Aira, Phillip Hamid, Milton Wainberg, Susan Witte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Mental Health & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#12
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951440/a-sports-based-youth-development-program-teen-mental-health-and-physical-fitness-an-rct
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948589/-development-and-validation-of-the-academic-resilience-inventory-for-nursing-students-in-taiwan
#14
Cheng-Chieh Li, Chi-Fang Wei, Yuk-Ying Tung
BACKGROUND: Failure to cope with learning pressures has been shown to influence the learning achievement and professional performance of nursing students. In order to enable nursing students to adapt successfully to their academic stress, it is essential to explore their academic resilience in the process of learning. PURPOSE: To develop the Academic Resilience Inventory for Nursing Students (ARINS) and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: A total of 611 nursing students in central and southern Taiwan were recruited as participants...
October 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945996/cultivating-youth-resilience-to-prevent-bullying-and-cyberbullying-victimization
#15
Sameer Hinduja, Justin W Patchin
In an effort to better prevent and respond to bullying and cyberbullying, schools are recognizing a need to focus on positive youth development. One often-neglected developmental construct in this rubric is resilience, which can help students successfully respond to the variety of challenges they face. Enhancing this internal competency can complement the ever-present efforts of schools as they work to create a safe and supportive learning environment by shaping the external environment around the child. Based on a national sample of 1204 American youth between the ages of 12 and 17, we explore the relationship between resilience and experience with bullying and cyberbullying...
September 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939188/neural-and-psychological-characteristics-of-college-students-with-alcoholic-parents-differ-depending-on-current-alcohol-use
#16
Kathleen A Brown-Rice, Jamie L Scholl, Kelene A Fercho, Kami Pearson, Noah A Kallsen, Gareth E Davies, Erik A Ehli, Seth Olson, Amy Schweinle, Lee A Baugh, Gina L Forster
A significant proportion of college students are adult children of an alcoholic parent (ACoA), which can confer greater risk of depression, poor self-esteem, alcohol and drug problems, and greater levels of college attrition. However, some ACoA are resilient to these negative outcomes. The goal of this study was to better understand the psychobiological factors that distinguish resilient and vulnerable college-aged ACoAs. To do so, scholastic performance and psychological health were measured in ACoA college students not engaged in hazardous alcohol use (resilient) and those currently engaged in hazardous alcohol use (vulnerable)...
September 20, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917950/suicide-behavior-and-associated-psychosocial-factors-among-adolescents-in-campeche-mexico
#17
Catalina González-Forteza, Carlos E Juárez-López, Alberto Jiménez, Liliana Montejo-León, Ulises R Rodríguez-Santisbón, Fernando A Wagner
Suicide is an important public health problem that requires a preventive approach. The present study aimed at assessing suicidal behaviors and their relations with other psychosocial factors in Campeche, Mexico, in order to inform the design of potential preventive interventions. A multistage probability sample of 2386 students representative of all middle schools of the state of Campeche, Mexico, took a standardized, paper-and-pencil survey covering selected psychosocial constructs including suicide behavior, depression, drug use, familial relationships, locus of control, impulsivity, and self-esteem, among others...
September 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906200/using-personal-resilience%C3%A2-techniques-to-reduce-anxiety-in-university-students
#18
Elizabeth Carlson, Jo Voss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898767/what-do-we-know-about-student-resilience-in-health-professional-education-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Brooke Sanderson, Margo Brewer
OBJECTIVES: Resilience has been identified as a key capability to thrive in the complex changing work environment of the 21st century. Therefore, the aim of this scoping review was to investigate how resilience is understood in the context of pre-qualifying health education, if there is a need to build student resilience, and what approaches to enhancing student resilience are described in the literature. DESIGN AND DATA SOURCES: Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) literature scoping review design was adopted as it enables researchers to review, summarise and analyse the literature on a given topic...
November 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#20
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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