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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056972/perceived-stress-in-first-year-medical-students-associations-with-personal-resources-and-emotional-distress
#1
Ines Heinen, Monika Bullinger, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent
BACKGROUND: Medical students have been found to report high levels of perceived stress, yet there is a lack of theoretical frameworks examining possible reasons. This cross-sectional study examines correlates of perceived stress in medical students on the basis of a conceptual stress model originally developed for and applied to the general population. The aim was to identify via structural equation modeling the associations between perceived stress and emotional distress (anxiety and depression), taking into account the activation of personal resources (optimism, self-efficacy and resilient coping)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050403/effects-of-storytelling-based-education-in-the-prevention-of-drug-abuse-among-adolescents-in-iran-based-on-a-readiness-to-addiction-index
#2
Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Mahdieh Sari, Abbas Balouchi, Farah Madarshahian, Khadijeh Moghadam
INTRODUCTION: One of the most effective strategies in the prevention of addiction is increasing awareness among young people, towards the tendency for taking drugs their physical, mental and social side effects. Storytelling is effective for increasing characteristics of happiness and resilience. This study uses storytelling, a common and popular method to increase awareness among adolescents. AIM: To examine the effect of storytelling-based education on the prevention of drug abuse, based on a readiness to addiction index...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#3
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018251/effect-of-growth-mindset-on-school-engagement-and-psychological-well-being-of-chinese-primary-and-middle-school-students-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#4
Guang Zeng, Hanchao Hou, Kaiping Peng
The objective of positive education is not only to improve students' well-being but also their academic performance. As an important concept in positive education, growth mindset refers to core assumptions about the malleability of a person's intellectual abilities. The present study investigates the relation of growth mindsets to psychological well-being and school engagement. The study also explores the mediating function of resilience in this relation. We recruited a total of 1260 (658 males and 602 females) Chinese students from five diversified primary and middle schools...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006974/resilience-style-questionnaire
#5
Winnie W S Mak, Ivy S W Ng, Celia C Y Wong, Rita W Law
The present research aims to develop and validate a measure of resilience that reflects the influence of Confucian philosophies and Chinese cultural lay beliefs. Based on a representative sample of 1,419 college students from universities and a clinical sample of 214 cardiac patients in Hong Kong, reliability, construct validity, and criterion validity of the Resilience Style Questionnaire (RSQ) were examined. A two-factor structure of the RSQ was explored and validated in both samples. Results showed that the two factors of the RSQ (i...
December 1, 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969066/depression-among-indian-university-students-and-its-association-with-perceived-university-academic-environment-living-arrangements-and-personal-issues
#6
Sibnath Deb, Parveen R Banu, Shinto Thomas, R Vishnu Vardhan, P Tirupathi Rao, Nigar Khawaja
The aim of the study is to ascertain the level of depression among university students across gender, academic stream, semesters, perception of family environment and relationship with parents, academic performance, and family income. In addition, the study examines the association between students' perceived university academic environment, living arrangements, personal issues, and depression. Seven hypotheses were formulated for verification. A total of 717 students were recruited following the multistage cluster sampling method, and data were collected by a specially designed structured questionnaire, academic achievement record and a standardized University Students Depression Inventory...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960250/the-impact-of-the-canterbury-earthquakes-on-successful-school-leaving-for-adolescents
#7
Ben Beaglehole, Caroline Bell, Christopher Frampton, Stephanie Moor
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of the Canterbury earthquakes on the important adolescent transition period of school leaving. METHOD: Local and national data on school leaving age, attainment of National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) standards, and school rolls (total registered students for schools) were examined to clarify long-term trends and delineate these from any impacts of the Canterbury earthquakes.  Results: Despite concerns about negative impacts, there was no evidence for increased school disengagement or poorer academic performance by students as a consequence of the earthquakes...
December 13, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#8
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
December 12, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957655/death-anxiety-resilience-a-mixed-methods-investigation
#9
Mark Hoelterhoff, Man Cheung Chung
Research was conducted examining how death anxiety influenced PTSD and mental health among people who have experienced a life-threatening event. This study was conducted using undergraduate university students in Lithuania. The study used a mixed-method design and in phase 1, participants (N = 97) completed self-report questionnaires that gathered information on demographics, death anxiety, trauma and well-being. Data indicated a significant correlation between death anxiety and PTSD, but not psychiatric co-morbidity...
December 12, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951732/educational-innovations-to-foster-resilience-in-the-health-professions
#10
Mary Jo Kreitzer, Maryanna Klatt
Stress and burnout of healthcare providers has become a major healthcare issue that has implications for not only workforce projections, but the cost and quality of care and the lives of healthcare providers and their families. Burnout, characterized by loss of enthusiasm for work, feelings of cynicism and a low sense of personal accomplishment is associated with early retirement, alcohol use, and suicidal ideation. Healthcare professional "wellbeing" or "care of the caregiver" is a topic that has not been significantly addressed in the education of healthcare professionals...
December 12, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943031/substance-use-prevention-for-urban-american-indian-youth-a-efficacy-trial-of-the-culturally-adapted-living-in-2-worlds-program
#11
Stephen S Kulis, Stephanie L Ayers, Mary L Harthun
This article describes a small efficacy trial of the Living in 2 Worlds (L2W) substance use prevention curriculum, a culturally adapted version of keepin' it REAL (kiR) redesigned for urban American Indian (AI) middle school students. Focused on strengthening resiliency and AI cultural engagement, L2W teaches drug resistance skills, decision making, and culturally grounded prevention messages. Using cluster random assignment, the research team randomized three urban middle schools with enrichment classes for AI students...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942029/predictors-of-participation-of-sophomore-medical-students-in-a-health-promoting-intervention-an-observational-study
#12
Thomas Kötter, Johanna Ritter, Alexander Katalinic, Edgar Voltmer
Medical students and doctors have to be particularly stress-resilient, as both medical education and practice are considered very stressful. Specific stressors can lead to increased risks of developing, for example, depression, anxiety and burnout. Relaxation techniques have proven to be effective for the prevention of these outcomes in student populations. However, only a very few medical students practice relaxation techniques regularly early on in their studies. Furthermore, it is unclear which students make use of stress-management offers and hence whether vulnerable students are generally reachable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940771/the-aap-resilience-in-the-face-of-grief-and-loss-curriculum
#13
Janet R Serwint, Susan Bostwick, Ann E Burke, Annamaria Church, Albina Gogo, Dena Hofkosh, Marta King, Jennifer Linebarger, Megan E McCabe, Margaret Moon, Amanda Osta, Deborah T Rana, O J Sahler, Keely Smith, Florence Rivera, Constance Baldwin
A career in pediatrics can bring great joy and satisfaction. It can also be challenging and lead some providers to manifest burnout and depression. A curriculum designed to help pediatric health providers acquire resilience and adaptive skills may be a key element in transforming times of anxiety and grief into rewarding professional experiences. The need for this curriculum was identified by the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Medical Students, Residents and Fellowship Trainees. A working group of educators developed this curriculum to address the professional attitudes, knowledge, and skills essential to thrive despite the many stressors inevitable in clinical care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936414/-am-i-too-emotional-for-this-job-an-exploration-of-student-midwives-experiences-of-coping-with-traumatic-events-in-the-labour-ward
#14
Liz Coldridge, Sarah Davies
BACKGROUND: midwifery is emotionally challenging work, and learning to be a midwife brings its own particular challenges. For the student midwife, clinical placement in a hospital labour ward is especially demanding. In the context of organisational tensions and pressures the experience of supporting women through the unpredictable intensity of the labour process can be a significant source of stress for student midwives. Although increasing attention is now being paid to midwives' traumatic experiences and wellbeing few researchers have examined the traumatic experiences of student midwives...
November 28, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#15
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932718/resilience-training-does-it-work
#16
(no author information available yet)
With concern about mental health and wellbeing issues among veterinary students being much to the fore, what can be done to help build resilience? And could there be a risk of over-reacting? These issues were discussed in a debate at the BVA Congress at the London Vet Show. Georgina Mills reports.
December 10, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917137/the-academic-resilience-scale-ars-30-a-new-multidimensional-construct-measure
#17
Simon Cassidy
Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The paper provides an account of the development of a new multidimensional construct measure of academic resilience. The 30 item Academic Resilience Scale (ARS-30) explores process-as opposed to outcome-aspects of resilience, providing a measure of academic resilience based on students' specific adaptive cognitive-affective and behavioral responses to academic adversity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916880/emotional-labour-and-wellbeing-what-protects-nurses
#18
Gail Kinman, Sandra Leggetter
Although compassionate care has wide-ranging benefits for patients, it can be emotionally demanding for healthcare staff. This may be a particular problem for those with little experience in a caring role. This study utilises the job demands-resources model to examine links between "emotional labour" and emotional exhaustion in student nurses. In line with the triple-match principle-whereby interactive effects are more likely when job demands, resources, and outcomes are within the same qualitative domain-the protective role of emotional support and emotion-focused coping (i...
November 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#19
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893248/can-student-engagement-serve-as-a-motivational-resource-for-academic-coping-persistence-and-learning-during-late-elementary-and-early-middle-school
#20
Ellen A Skinner, Jennifer R Pitzer, Joel S Steele
How children and youth deal with academic challenges and setbacks can make a material difference to their learning and school success. Hence, it is important to investigate the factors that allow students to cope constructively. A process model focused on students' motivational resources was used to frame a study examining whether engagement in the classroom shapes students' academic coping, and whether coping in turn contributes to subsequent persistence on challenging tasks and learning, which then feed back into ongoing engagement...
December 2016: Developmental Psychology
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