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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449105/family-communication-styles-and-resilience-among-adolescents
#1
M Alejandra Acuña, Sheryl Kataoka
Some adolescents manage to be resilient, whereas others develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing trauma, but the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. Public secondary school students (N = 98) referred for counseling completed questionnaires assessing exposure to stressful events, family communication, and PTSD. Seventy percent of the sample reported PTSD symptoms in the clinical range. Open family communication was negatively associated with female gender, problem family communication (PFC), and PTSD symptom severity...
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421479/understanding-medical-students-experience-with-stress-and-its-related-constructs-a-focus-group-study-from-singapore
#2
Julia Farquhar, Desiree Lie, Angelique Chan, Mandy Ow, Arpana Vidyarthi
OBJECTIVE: In order to protect medical students from burnout and its untoward psychiatric effects, it is imperative to understand their stress, burnout, coping, and resilience experiences. This study aimed to derive collective definitions from the medical student perspective, to identify common themes of students' experiences, and to distinguish pre-clinical and clinical year students' experiences relating to these four constructs. METHODS: The authors conducted focus groups of medical students in Singapore across 4 years using a semi-structured question guide...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389116/corrigendum-to-the-role-of-ego-resiliency-in-the-relationship-between-social-anxiety-and-problem-solving-ability-among-south-korean-nursing-students-nurse-educ-today-49-2017-17-21
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384889/correlates-and-predictors-of-resilience-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#4
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Sasidharan K Rajesh
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of literature recognizes the importance of resilience in the nursing profession. Both mindfulness and resilience aid in handling stress, stress increases the risk of rumination and/or worry especially in females and they are more empathetic than other healthcare students. AIM: To identify correlates and predictors of the resilience among nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive correlation study and we have recruited 194 participants (1-4(th) year B...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-intervention-targeting-student-resilience-protective-factors-in-reducing-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#5
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Rebecca Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Jody Richards, Catherine Leane, Sue Green, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, Karen Gillham, John Wiggers
Worldwide, 10-20% of adolescents experience mental health problems. Strategies aimed at strengthening resilience protective factors provide a potential approach for reducing mental health problems in adolescents. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a universal, school-based intervention targeting resilience protective factors in reducing mental health problems in adolescents. A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 20 intervention and 12 control secondary schools located in socio-economically disadvantaged areas of NSW, Australia...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383097/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-university-students-in-baghdad-a-cross-sectional-study-from-iraq
#6
Rawa J K Al-Ameri, Husham J Abd Al-Badri, Riyadh K Lafta
The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence and determinants of self-medication among college students in Baghdad, Iraq. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Al-Mustansiriyah and Al-Nahrain universities, Baghdad, from January to April 2015. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to collect data from 1435 college students using a questionnaire form. The mean age of the joining students was 19.8 years. Females form 53% of the sample. Self-medications use was prevalent among 92.4% of students...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373842/breast-cancer-stem-like-cells-are-inhibited-by-diosgenin-a-steroidal-saponin-by-the-attenuation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-via-the-wnt-antagonist-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-4
#7
G Bhuvanalakshmi, Basappa, Kanchugarakoppal S Rangappa, Arun Dharmarajan, Gautam Sethi, Alan P Kumar, Sudha Warrier
Background: Identification of breast cancer stem cells as the chemo-resistant and tumor-initiating population represents an important milestone in approaching anticancer therapies. Targeting this minor subpopulation of chemo- and radio-resistant stem-like cells, termed as the cancer stem cells (CSCs) and their eradication could significantly enhance clinical outcomes. Most of the presently administered chemotherapeutics target the tumor bulk but are ineffective against the CSCs. We report here that diosgenin (DG), a naturally occurring steroidal saponin, could effectively inhibit CSCs from three breast cancer cell lines, MCF7, T47D and MDA-MB-231, by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting the CSC associated phenotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371304/clinical-nurse-leaders-and-academics-perspectives-in-clinical-assessment-of-final-year-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#8
Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng, Wenru Wang
The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363390/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-resilience-communication-skills-course-use-of-social-media-and-satisfaction-with-clinical-placement
#9
Warshawski Sigalit, Barnoy Sivia, Itzhaki Michal
The purpose of this study was to explore the (a) associations between students' personal and group resilience to their utilization of social networking platforms and formally taught communication skills, (b) students' personal and clinical characteristics that are related to personal and group resilience and the perceived helpfulness of communication course, and (c) factors that contribute to students' satisfaction with their clinical placement. Data were collected from 149 second year nursing students learning in a major university in the country of Israel with the use of a self-administered structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347377/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-strengths-based-cbt-intervention-module-with-college-students
#10
Philipp Pascal Victor, Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki
BACKGROUND: Interventions focusing on positive experiences have moderate effects on distress, protective factors and quality of life. AIMS: To evaluate the 'Personal Model of Resilience' (PMR) intervention by Padesky and Mooney (2012) with a focus on resilience strategies the person already possesses. METHOD: In a pre-post design, intervention and control samples of college students (n = 53) are compared with regard to distress, protective factors and quality of life...
March 28, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345748/risk-perception-and-perceived-self-efficacy-of-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-seniors-and-young-adults-in-emergencies
#11
Alina Engelman, Susan L Ivey, Winston Tseng, Linda Neuhauser
OBJECTIVES: The authors explored the factors influencing risk perception and perceived self-efficacy before and during an emergency for deaf and hard-of-hearing (Deaf/HH) seniors and young adults. METHODS: The authors collected demographic survey data and conducted four focus groups with 38 Deaf/HH residents of the San Francisco Bay Area; two groups were with young adults (ages 18-35), including one group of college students and one group of young professionals, and two were with older adults (ages 50-90)...
January 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332889/could-explicit-teaching-of-coping-planning-in-suicide-prevention-curricula-improve-resilience-in-medical-students
#12
Helen M Stallman, Coralie Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326914/so-you-think-you-ve-designed-an-effective-recruitment-protocol
#13
Cara Green, Virginia Vandall-Walker
Background Recruiting acutely ill patients to participate in research can be challenging. This paper outlines the difficulties the first author encountered in a study and the steps she took to overcome problems with research ethics, gain access to participants and implement a recruitment protocol in multiple hospitals. It also compares these steps with literature related to recruitment. Aim To inform and inspire neophyte researchers about the need for planning and resilience when dealing with recruitment challenges in multiple hospitals...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#14
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293674/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-i-conducive-resources-and-structures
#15
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After passing of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine (Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, [NKLM, retrieved on 22.03.2016]), the German medical faculties must take inventory and develop their curricula. NKLM contents are expected to be present, but not linked well or sensibly enough in locally grown curricula. Learning and examination formats must be reviewed for appropriateness and coverage of the competences. The necessary curricular transparency is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping, combined with effective change management...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289486/a-research-experience-for-american-indian-undergraduates-utilizing-an-actor-partner-interdependence-model-to-examine-the-student-mentor-dyad
#16
Emily R Griese, Tracey R McMahon, DenYelle Baete Kenyon
The majority of research examining Undergraduate Research Experiences focuses singularly on student-reported outcomes, often overlooking assessment of the mentor role in student learning and outcomes following these experiences. The goal of the current study was to examine the student-mentor dyad at the beginning and end of a 10-week summer research experience for American Indian undergraduates utilizing a series of actor-partner interdependence models within SEM. Participants included 26 undergraduate interns (50% American Indian; 50% American Indian and White; M age = 24) and 27 mentors (89% White; M age = 47)...
March 2017: Journal of Diversity in Higher Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#17
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (Butler, Carello, & Maguin, 2016) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the Butler et al. (2016) sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281843/tolerance-of-ambiguity-perfectionism-and-resilience-are-associated-with-personality-profiles-of-medical-students-oriented-to-rural-practice
#18
Diann S Eley, Janni K Leung, Narelle Campbell, C Robert Cloninger
PURPOSE: Resilience, coping with uncertainty and learning from mistakes are vital characteristics for all medical disciplines - particularly rural practice. Levels of coping constructs were examined in medical students with and without a rural background or an interest in rural practice. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys identified two personality profiles, and their association with levels of Tolerance of Ambiguity, Resilience, Perfectionism-High Standards and Concern over mistakes as constructs indicative of coping...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280473/combined-effect-of-levels-in-personal-self-regulation-and-regulatory-teaching-on-meta-cognitive-on-meta-motivational-and-on-academic-achievement-variables-in-undergraduate-students
#19
Jesús de la Fuente, Paul Sander, José M Martínez-Vicente, Mariano Vera, Angélica Garzón, Salvattore Fadda
The Theory of Self- vs. Externally-Regulated Learning™ (SRL vs. ERL) proposed different types of relationships among levels of variables in Personal Self-Regulation (PSR) and Regulatory Teaching (RT) to predict the meta-cognitive, meta-motivational and -emotional variables of learning, and of Academic Achievement in Higher Education. The aim of this investigation was empirical in order to validate the model of the combined effect of low-medium-high levels in PSR and RT on the dependent variables. For the analysis of combinations, a selected sample of 544 undergraduate students from two Spanish universities was used...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265251/looking-through-the-glass-ceiling-a-qualitative-study-of-stem-women-s-career-narratives
#20
Mary J Amon
Although efforts have been directed toward the advancement of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) positions, little research has directly examined women's perspectives and bottom-up strategies for advancing in male-stereotyped disciplines. The present study utilized Photovoice, a Participatory Action Research method, to identify themes that underlie women's experiences in traditionally male-dominated fields. Photovoice enables participants to convey unique aspects of their experiences via photographs and their in-depth knowledge of a community through personal narrative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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