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Resilience in students

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540522/the-role-of-ego-resiliency-as-mediator-of-the-longitudinal-relationship-between-family-socio-economic-status-and-school-grades
#1
Guido Alessandri, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Concetta Pastorelli
Family socio-economic status (SES) represents one of the major determinants of youth's scholastic achievement, and thus it is important to unravel the psychological factors underlining this relation. In this article, we examined youth's ability to flexibly adapt and, thus, cope with harsh environmental conditions-assessed by the construct of ego-resiliency-as a mediating mechanism in the across-time association between family SES and academic achievement. The longitudinal sample was composed of 265 (56% females) Italian students who were about 13 years old at Time 1 (T1) and about 18 years old at Time 2 (T2)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538137/evidence-affirming-school-supports-for-australian-transgender-and-gender-diverse-students
#2
Tiffany Jones
Background: The United Nations (UN) and related UN bodies have recognised transgender and gender diverse (TGD) students' rights at the global level to full equitable access to education, and specifically sexuality education, repeatedly. Methods: This article explores the available support for this equal access in Australia. It discusses TGD student rights in a range of Australian laws and education policies. Results: It shows how the inclusion of TGD students, particularly in sexuality education, is reinforced in the current Australian National Curricula...
May 25, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481850/physician-burnout-and-well-being-a-systematic-review-and-framework-for-action
#3
David A Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: Physician burnout in the United States has reached epidemic proportions and is rising rapidly, although burnout in other occupations is stable. Its negative impact is far reaching and includes harm to the burned-out physician, as well as patients, coworkers, family members, close friends, and healthcare organizations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide an accurate, current summary of what is known about physician burnout and to develop a framework to reverse its current negative impact, decrease its prevalence, and implement effective organizational and personal interventions...
June 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473792/relationship-between-resilience-and-self-regulation-a-study-of-spanish-youth-at-risk-of-social-exclusion
#4
Raquel Artuch-Garde, Maria Del Carmen González-Torres, Jesús de la Fuente, M Mariano Vera, María Fernández-Cabezas, Mireia López-García
The ability to self-regulate behavior is one of the most important protective factors in relation with resilience and should be fostered especially in at-risk youth. Previous research has characterized these students as having behaviors indicating lack of foresight. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothetical relationship between these personal variables. It was hypothesized that self-regulation would be associated with and would be a good predictor of resilience, and that low-medium-high levels of self-regulation would lead to similar levels of resilience...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467230/ethnic-identity-negotiation-among-sami-youth-living-in-a-majority-sami-community-in-norway
#5
Kristine Nystad, Anna Rita Spein, Asta Mitkija Balto, Benedicte Ingstad
BACKGROUND: This study was part of the international research project "Circumpolar Indigenous Pathways to Adulthood" (CIPA). OBJECTIVES: To explore ethnic identity negotiation, an unexplored theme, among indigenous North Sami youth living in a majority Sami community context in Arctic Norway. METHODS: A qualitative design was followed using open-ended, in-depth interviews conducted in 2010 with 22 Sami adolescents aged 13-19 years, all reporting Sami self-identification...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466230/depression-and-associated-factors-among-gay-and-heterosexual-male-university-students-in-nigeria
#6
Olakunle A Oginni, Kolawole S Mosaku, Boladale M Mapayi, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Temitope O Afolabi
Homosexuality is a recognized risk factor for depression in high-income countries; however, there is little research investigating the relationship between depression and sexual orientation in developing countries, especially in Africa. In this first study to investigate psychopathology in sexual minority men in Nigeria, the prevalence rates of depression in Nigerian gay and heterosexual individuals were compared as well as the explanatory power of risk and resilience factors in both groups. Eighty-one gay and 81 heterosexual male university students were, respectively, recruited from the Obafemi Awolowo University...
May 2, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460570/medical-student-resilience-and-stressful-clinical-events-during-clinical-training
#7
Jennifer C Houpy, Wei Wei Lee, James N Woodruff, Amber T Pincavage
BACKGROUND: Medical students face numerous stressors during their clinical years, including difficult clinical events. Fostering resilience is a promising way to mitigate negative effects of stressors, prevent burnout, and help students thrive after difficult experiences. However, little is known about medical student resilience. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medical student resilience and responses to difficult clinical events during clinical training. DESIGN: Sixty-two third-year (MS3) and 55 fourth-year (MS4) University of Chicago medical students completed surveys in 2016 assessing resilience (Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC 10), symptoms of burnout, need for resilience training, and responses to difficult clinical events...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460025/assessing-the-impact-of-a-healthy-relationships-curriculum-on-native-american-adolescents
#8
Jennifer G Schanen, Alice Skenandore, Beverly Scow, Janet Hagen
This study suggests Discovery Dating, a healthy relationships curriculum, as one way of preventing teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. This study seeks to determine what theory of change best aligns with Discovery Dating, by assessing the curriculum's impact on adolescent resilience, self-efficacy, and personal agency, which are suggested as protective factors against teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, and sexual assault. Authors describe the implementation of the Discovery Dating program in a western U...
April 28, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458125/a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-interventions-outcomes-and-experiences-for-midwives-and-student-midwives-in-work-related-psychological-distress
#9
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne, Emily A Fulton
BACKGROUND: within challenging work environments, midwives and student midwives can experience both organisational and occupational sources of work-related psychological distress. As the wellbeing of healthcare staff directly correlates with the quality of maternity care, this distress must be met with adequate support provision. As such, the identification and appraisal of interventions designed to support midwives and student midwives in work-related psychological distress will be important in the pursuit of excellence in maternity care...
April 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452696/personal-and-environmental-resources-mediate-the-positivity-emotional-dysfunction-relationship
#10
H Matthew Lehrer, Katherine C Janus, Christian T Gloria, Mary A Steinhardt
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. METHODS: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449105/family-communication-styles-and-resilience-among-adolescents
#11
M Alejandra Acuña, Sheryl Kataoka
Some adolescents manage to be resilient, whereas others develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms after experiencing trauma, but the mechanisms underlying these differences are unclear. Public secondary school students (N = 98) referred for counseling completed questionnaires assessing exposure to stressful events, family communication, and PTSD. Seventy percent of the sample reported PTSD symptoms in the clinical range. Open family communication was negatively associated with female gender, problem family communication (PFC), and PTSD symptom severity...
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421479/understanding-medical-students-experience-with-stress-and-its-related-constructs-a-focus-group-study-from-singapore
#12
Julia Farquhar, Desiree Lie, Angelique Chan, Mandy Ow, Arpana Vidyarthi
OBJECTIVE: In order to protect medical students from burnout and its untoward psychiatric effects, it is imperative to understand their stress, burnout, coping, and resilience experiences. This study aimed to derive collective definitions from the medical student perspective, to identify common themes of students' experiences, and to distinguish pre-clinical and clinical year students' experiences relating to these four constructs. METHODS: The authors conducted focus groups of medical students in Singapore across 4 years using a semi-structured question guide...
April 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389116/corrigendum-to-the-role-of-ego-resiliency-in-the-relationship-between-social-anxiety-and-problem-solving-ability-among-south-korean-nursing-students-nurse-educ-today-49-2017-17-21
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384889/correlates-and-predictors-of-resilience-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#14
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Sasidharan K Rajesh
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of literature recognizes the importance of resilience in the nursing profession. Both mindfulness and resilience aid in handling stress, stress increases the risk of rumination and/or worry especially in females and they are more empathetic than other healthcare students. AIM: To identify correlates and predictors of the resilience among nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive correlation study and we have recruited 194 participants (1-4(th) year B...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-intervention-targeting-student-resilience-protective-factors-in-reducing-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#15
Julia Dray, Jenny Bowman, Elizabeth Campbell, Megan Freund, Rebecca Hodder, Luke Wolfenden, Jody Richards, Catherine Leane, Sue Green, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, Karen Gillham, John Wiggers
Worldwide, 10-20% of adolescents experience mental health problems. Strategies aimed at strengthening resilience protective factors provide a potential approach for reducing mental health problems in adolescents. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a universal, school-based intervention targeting resilience protective factors in reducing mental health problems in adolescents. A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in 20 intervention and 12 control secondary schools located in socio-economically disadvantaged areas of NSW, Australia...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383097/prevalence-of-self-medication-among-university-students-in-baghdad-a-cross-sectional-study-from-iraq
#16
Rawa J K Al-Ameri, Husham J Abd Al-Badri, Riyadh K Lafta
The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence and determinants of self-medication among college students in Baghdad, Iraq. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Al-Mustansiriyah and Al-Nahrain universities, Baghdad, from January to April 2015. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to collect data from 1435 college students using a questionnaire form. The mean age of the joining students was 19.8 years. Females form 53% of the sample. Self-medications use was prevalent among 92.4% of students...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373842/breast-cancer-stem-like-cells-are-inhibited-by-diosgenin-a-steroidal-saponin-by-the-attenuation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-via-the-wnt-antagonist-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-4
#17
G Bhuvanalakshmi, Basappa, Kanchugarakoppal S Rangappa, Arun Dharmarajan, Gautam Sethi, Alan P Kumar, Sudha Warrier
Background: Identification of breast cancer stem cells as the chemo-resistant and tumor-initiating population represents an important milestone in approaching anticancer therapies. Targeting this minor subpopulation of chemo- and radio-resistant stem-like cells, termed as the cancer stem cells (CSCs) and their eradication could significantly enhance clinical outcomes. Most of the presently administered chemotherapeutics target the tumor bulk but are ineffective against the CSCs. We report here that diosgenin (DG), a naturally occurring steroidal saponin, could effectively inhibit CSCs from three breast cancer cell lines, MCF7, T47D and MDA-MB-231, by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting the CSC associated phenotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371304/clinical-nurse-leaders-and-academics-perspectives-in-clinical-assessment-of-final-year-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#18
Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng, Wenru Wang
The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363390/factors-associated-with-nursing-students-resilience-communication-skills-course-use-of-social-media-and-satisfaction-with-clinical-placement
#19
Warshawski Sigalit, Barnoy Sivia, Itzhaki Michal
The purpose of this study was to explore the (a) associations between students' personal and group resilience to their utilization of social networking platforms and formally taught communication skills, (b) students' personal and clinical characteristics that are related to personal and group resilience and the perceived helpfulness of communication course, and (c) factors that contribute to students' satisfaction with their clinical placement. Data were collected from 149 second year nursing students learning in a major university in the country of Israel with the use of a self-administered structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347377/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-strengths-based-cbt-intervention-module-with-college-students
#20
Philipp Pascal Victor, Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki
BACKGROUND: Interventions focusing on positive experiences have moderate effects on distress, protective factors and quality of life. AIMS: To evaluate the 'Personal Model of Resilience' (PMR) intervention by Padesky and Mooney (2012) with a focus on resilience strategies the person already possesses. METHOD: In a pre-post design, intervention and control samples of college students (n = 53) are compared with regard to distress, protective factors and quality of life...
March 28, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
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