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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649211/online-and-mobile-interventions-for-problem-gambling-alcohol-and-drugs-a-systematic-review
#1
Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Jonathan Mercier, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Online interventions for gambling, alcohol, and illegal drug related problems have been developing at a fast pace over the past decade. Yet, little is known about the content and efficacy of interventions provided entirely online for reducing drug/alcohol use and gambling, or about the characteristics of those who use these interventions. This systematic review aims to describe the characteristics of online interventions, their efficacy, and the profile of their clientele. Documentation was mainly obtained through four scientific databases in psychology, technology, and medical research (PsychINFO, MedLine, Francis, and INSPEC) using three keywords (substances or gambling, intervention, Internet)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617236/retention-patterns-of-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates
#2
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVES: Are Canadians who study abroad (CSAs) more likely to stay in Canada than other international medical graduates (IMGs)? We looked at retention patterns of CSAs and immigrant IMGs who completed post-graduate medical education (PGME) training in Canada to describe the proportion and predictors of those working in Canada and in rural communities in Canada in 2015. METHODS: We linked the National IMG Database to Scott's Medical Database to track the work locations of CSAs and immigrant IMGs in 2015...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611878/physician-variability-in-management-of-emergency-department-patients-with-chest-pain
#3
Peter B Smulowitz, Orit Barrett, Matthew M Hall, Shamai A Grossman, Edward A Ullman, Victor Novack
INTRODUCTION: Chest pain is a common emergency department (ED) presentation accounting for 8-10 million visits per year in the United States. Physician-level factors such as risk tolerance are predictive of admission rates. The recent advent of accelerated diagnostic pathways and ED observation units may have an impact in reducing variation in admission rates on the individual physician level. METHODS: We conducted a single-institution retrospective observational study of ED patients with a diagnosis of chest pain as determined by diagnostic code from our hospital administrative database...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601913/the-effects-of-a-non-cognitive-versus-cognitive-admission-procedure-within-cohorts-in-one-medical-school
#4
Marieke de Visser, Cornelia Fluit, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Roland Laan
In medical school selection, non-cognitive performance in particular correlates with performance in clinical practice. It is arguable, therefore, that selection should focus on non-cognitive aspects despite the predictive value of prior cognitive performance for early medical school performance. The aim of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, is to determine the effects of admitting students through an autonomous non-cognitive procedure on early medical school performance. We compared their performance to the performance of students selected through an autonomous cognitive selection procedure, enrolling in the Bachelor's curriculum simultaneously...
June 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557950/are-female-applicants-rated-higher-than-males-on-the-multiple-mini-interview-findings-from-the-university-of-calgary
#5
Marshall Ross, Ian Walker, Lara Cooke, Maitreyi Raman, Pietro Ravani, Sylvain Coderre, Kevin McLaughlin
PURPOSE: The multiple mini-interview (MMI) improves reliability and validity of medical school interviews, and many schools have introduced this in an attempt to select individuals more skilled in communication, critical thinking, and ethical decision making. But every change in the admissions process may produce unintended consequences, such as changing intake demographics. In this article, two studies exploring gender differences in MMI ratings are reported. METHOD: Cumulative meta-analysis was used to compare MMI ratings for female and male applicants to the University of Calgary Cumming School of Medicine between 2010 and 2014...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556861/osteopathic-medical-students-entering-family-medicine-and-attitudes-regarding-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-preliminary-findings-of-differences-by-sex
#6
Helen H Baker, Machelle Linsenmeyer, Lance C Ridpath, Laurie J Bauer, Robert W Foster
Context: Factors distinguishing osteopathic physicians from their allopathic counterparts include the use of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT), application of osteopathic principles and practice (OPP), and a greater likelihood of entering primary care, specifically family medicine (FM). In the United States, the percentage of entering osteopathic medical students who were female rose from 14.3% in fall 1977 to 44.3% in fall 2015. Objectives: To investigate the perspectives of female osteopathic medical students as they relate to osteopathic distinctiveness...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529913/critical-care-management-and-intensive-care-unit-outcomes-following-cytoreductive-surgery-with-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#7
Sumit Kapoor, Adel Bassily-Marcus, Rafael Alba Yunen, Parissa Tabrizian, Sabrine Semoin, Joseph Blankush, Daniel Labow, John Oropello, Anthony Manasia, Roopa Kohli-Seth
AIM: To study the early postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) management and complications in the first 2 wk of patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). METHODS: Our study is a retrospective, observational study performed at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, quaternary care hospital in New York City. All adult patients who underwent CRS and HIPEC between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2012 and admitted to ICU postoperatively were studied...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501933/the-influence-of-mcat-and-gpa-preadmission-academic-metrics-on-interview-scores
#8
Steven E Gay, Sally A Santen, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Thomas H Sisson, Paula T Ross, Nikki L Bibler Zaidi
Medical school admissions interviews are used to assess applicants' nonacademic characteristics as advocated by the Association of American Medical Colleges' Advancing Holistic Review Initiative. The objective of this study is to determine whether academic metrics continue to significantly influence interviewers' scores in holistic processes by blinding interviewers to applicants' undergraduate grade point averages (uGPA) and Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). This study examines academic and demographic predictors of interview scores for two applicant cohorts at the University of Michigan Medical School...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464171/development-of-a-flipped-medical-school-dermatology-module
#9
Joshua Fox, David Faber, Solomon Pikarsky, Chi Zhang, Richard Riley, Alex Mechaber, Mark O'Connell, Robert S Kirsner
OBJECTIVES: The flipped classroom module incorporates independent study in advance of in-class instructional sessions. It is unproven whether this methodology is effective within a medical school second-year organ system module. We report the development, implementation, and effectiveness of the flipped classroom methodology in a second-year medical student dermatology module at the University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort analysis, we compared attitudinal survey data and mean scores for a 50-item multiple-choice final examination of the second-year medical students who participated in this 1-week flipped course with those of the previous year's traditional, lecture-based course...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459927/educational-and-health-outcomes-of-children-treated-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Michael Fleming, Catherine A Fitton, Markus F C Steiner, James S McLay, David Clark, Albert King, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell
Importance: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects 39 million people worldwide; in isolation, it doubles annual health care costs and, when associated with comorbid mental health problems, it quadruples the costs. Objective: To compare the education and health outcomes of schoolchildren treated for ADHD with their peers. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based cohort study, individual-level record linkage was performed of 8 Scotland-wide administrative databases covering dispensed prescriptions, admissions to acute and psychiatric hospitals, maternity records, annual pupil census, examinations, school absences and exclusions, and unemployment...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452179/the-effect-of-an-evidence-based-medicine-course-on-medical-student-critical-thinking
#11
Jing Wang, Danhua Wang, Yanling Chen, Qin Zhou, Hong Xie, Jin Chen, Youping Li
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) was designed to foster student critical thinking (CT) while conveying knowledge to them. Chinese medical schools have adopted EBM to a varying degree but studies to examine its intended effect are few. This study evaluates the effect of an EBM course on Chinese medical student CT. METHODS: A total of 158 medical students at a Chinese medical school took a seven-category Chinese version of the critical thinking disposition inventory (CTDI-CV) before and after taking an EBM course...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#12
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401825/the-need-for-holistic-management-of-behavioral-disturbances-in-dementia
#13
Stephen Macfarlane, Colm Cunningham
Dementia is now the leading cause of admission to residential aged care facilities (RACF) in the developed world (Van Rensbergen and Nawrot, 2010), with prevalence rates among residents estimated to be approximately 70% (Zimmerman et al., 2014). In addition, dementia is now the 4th leading cause of death in high-income countries with this expected to rise to the 3rd leading cause of death by 2030 (World health Organization, 2015). Despite the prevalence of the condition, the amount of teaching time devoted to dementia in medical school curricula remains low and does not adequately prepare graduates for their work as doctors (Tullo and Allan, 2011; Tullo and Gordon, 2013)...
April 12, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394065/patients-of-doctors-further-from-medical-school-graduation-have-poorer-outcomes
#14
John J Norcini, John R Boulet, Amy Opalek, W Dale Dauphinee
CONTEXT: There is an apparent contradiction between the findings of studies indicating that patient outcomes are better when physicians have a greater volume of practice and those that find outcomes to be worse with increased time since training, which implies greater volume. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to estimate the adjusted relationships between physicians' characteristics, including recent practice volume and time since medical school graduation, and patient outcomes...
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#15
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379086/boosting-clinical-performance-the-impact-of-enhanced-final-year-placements
#16
D V H Williams, A M Reid, M Homer
BACKGROUND: This study follows on from a study that investigated how to develop effective final year medical student assistantship placements, using multidisciplinary clinical teams in planning and delivery. AIMS: This study assessed the effects on objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) performance of the in-course enhanced "super-assistantship" placement introduced to a randomly selected sample of 2013-14 final year medical students at Leeds medical school...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344689/exploring-social-media-and-admissions-decision-making-friends-or-foes
#17
Marcus Law, Maria Mylopoulos, Paula Veinot, Daniel Miller, Mark D Hanson
BACKGROUND: Despite the ever-increasing use of social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) little is known about its use in medical school admissions. This qualitative study explores whether and how social media (SM) is used in undergraduate admissions in Canada, and the attitudes of admissions personnel towards such use. METHODS: Phone interviews were conducted with admissions deans and nominated admissions personnel. A qualitative descriptive analysis was performed using iterative coding and comparing, and grouping data into themes...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332906/undergraduate-rigor-scores-do-they-predict-achievement-in-veterinary-school
#18
Rebecca G Burzette, Jared A Danielson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Amanda J Fales-Williams, Kathryn H Kuehl
The relations between potential indicators of undergraduate rigor and subsequent achievement in professional school are not clear; some studies have shown that greater undergraduate selectivity is associated with greater achievement in medical science programs, while others have not. We sought to determine the extent to which indicators of undergraduate rigor were associated with achievement in veterinary school. Participants were graduates from three cohorts. The predictors were undergraduate GPA (UGPA), plus five rigor scores-degree or number of undergraduate credits, number of honors courses, number of withdrawals from or repeats of prerequisite science courses, number of part-time semesters, and ratio of community college credits to total college credits...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#19
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293672/student-characteristics-professional-preferences-and-admission-to-medical-school
#20
Iris Kesternich, Heiner Schumacher, Joachim Winter, Martin R Fischer, Matthias Holzer
Objectives: A potential new avenue to address the shortage of country doctors is to change the rules for admission to medical school. We therefore study the link between high-school grade point average and prospective physicians' choice to work in rural areas. To further inform the discussion about rules for admission, we also study the effects of other predictors: a measure of students' attitudes towards risk; whether they waited for their place of study (Wartesemester); whether their parents worked as medical doctors; and whether they have some practical experience in the medical sector...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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