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Admission to medical school

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226233/medical-students-preparation-for-the-transition-to-postgraduate-training-through-final-year-elective-rotations
#1
W E Sjoukje van den Broek, Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Olle Ten Cate, Marijke van Dijk
Objectives: This study adds to the ongoing discussion on how to ease the transition from undergraduate medical training to postgraduate training. In the Netherlands there is no central matching system for admission to residency. Medical school graduates just apply for a position in an open job market. Many choose to acquire general or specialty-specific clinical experiences after the medical degree before residency, to further explore career opportunities and to increase their chances to get into their preferred specialty...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#2
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206057/school-nurse-asthma-program-reduces-healthcare-utilization-in-children-with-persistent-asthma
#3
Michelle Trivedi, Janki Patel, Darleen Lessard, Ted Kremer, Nancy Byatt, Wanda Phipatanakul, Lori Pbert, Robert Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: We examined the impact of a novel, school nurse-supervised asthma therapy program on healthcare utilization. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed charts of 84 children enrolled in this program in central Massachusetts between 2012 and 2015. Physicians identified children with persistent asthma and poor medication adherence. These children were enrolled in the program to receive daily-inhaled corticosteroid at school, supervised by their school nurse, with ongoing communication between physician's office and school nurse through the school year...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196480/is-the-admission-test-for-a-course-in-medicine-a-good-predictor-of-academic-performance-a-case-control-experience-at-the-school-of-medicine-of-turin
#4
Giuseppe Migliaretti, Salvatore Bozzaro, Roberta Siliquini, Ilaria Stura, Giuseppe Costa, Franco Cavallo
OBJECTIVES: The usefulness of university admission tests to medical schools has been discussed in recent years. In the academic year 2014-15 in Italy, several students who failed the admission test appealed to the regional administrative court ('Tribunale Amministrativo Regionale'-TAR) requesting to be included, despite their test results, and all were admitted to their respective courses. The existence of this population of students generated a control group, in order to evaluate the predictive capacity of the admission test...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190691/premedical-special-master-s-programs-increase-usmle-step1-scores-and-improve-residency-placements
#5
Bryan Johnson, Matthew Flemer, Sadik Khuder, Nitin Puri
The effectiveness of Special Master's Programs (SMPs) in benefiting a potential medical student's career beyond admission into an MD-program is largely unknown. This study aims to evaluate the role of SMPs, if any, in affecting the performance and outcomes of students during their medical school career. This study analyzed anonymous surveys of students and residents from the University of Toledo. The data analysis is used to evaluate a student's academic performance before, during and after medical school. Measured metrics included: MCAT Scores, undergraduate GPA, USMLE STEP 1 scores, participation in research, number of research publications, and residency placement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187193/paediatric-case-mix-in-a-rural-clinical-school-is-relevant-to-future-practice
#6
Helen M Wright, Moira A L Maley, Denese E Playford, Pam Nicol, Sharon F Evans
BACKGROUND: Exposure to a representative case mix is essential for clinical learning, with logbooks established as a way of demonstrating patient contacts. Few studies have reported the paediatric case mix available to geographically distributed students within the same medical school. Given international interest in expanding medical teaching locations to rural contexts, equitable case exposure in rural relative to urban settings is topical. The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia locates students up to 3500 km from the urban university for an academic year...
November 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185893/milestone-educational-planning-initiatives-in-veterinary-medical-education-progress-and-pitfalls
#7
Elizabeth A Stone, Jessica Reimann, Lisa M Greenhill, Cate E Dewey
Three milestone educational planning initiatives engaged the veterinary medical profession in the United States and Canada between 1987 and 2011, namely the Pew National Veterinary Education Program, the Foresight Project, and the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium. In a quantitative study, we investigated the impact of these initiatives on veterinary medical education through a survey of academic leaders (deans, previous deans, and associate deans for academics from veterinary medical schools that are members of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges) to assess their perspectives on the initiatives and eight recommendations that were common to all three initiatives...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183879/admission-factors-associated-with-international-medical-graduate-certification-success-a-collaborative-retrospective-review-of-postgraduate-medical-education-programs-in-ontario
#8
Lawrence E M Grierson, Mathew Mercuri, Carlos Brailovsky, Gary Cole, Caroline Abrahams, Douglas Archibald, Glen Bandiera, Susan P Phillips, Glenna Stirrett, J Mark Walton, Eric Wong, Inge Schabort
BACKGROUND: The failure rate on certification examinations of The College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) is significantly higher for international medical graduates than for Canadian medical school graduates. The purpose of the current study was to generate evidence that supports or refutes the validity of hypotheses proposed to explain the lower success rates. METHODS: We conducted retrospective analyses of admissions and certification data to determine the factors associated with success of international medical graduate residents on the certification examinations...
November 24, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176032/predictive-validity-of-pre-admission-assessments-on-medical-student-performance
#9
Al-Awwab Dabaliz, Samy Kaadan, M Marwan Dabbagh, Abdulaziz Barakat, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Akef Obeidat, Ayman Mohamed
Objectives: To examine the predictive validity of pre-admission variables on students' performance in a medical school in Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected admission and college performance data for 737 students in preclinical and clinical years. Data included high school scores and other standardized test scores, such as those of the National Achievement Test and the General Aptitude Test. Additionally, we included the scores of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exams...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172813/a-critical-scoping-review-of-the-connections-between-social-mission-and-medical-school-admissions-beme-guide-no-47
#10
Rachel H Ellaway, Rebecca Malhi, Sameer Bajaj, Ian Walker, Douglas Myhre
BACKGROUND: Despite a growing focus on the social accountability of medical schools, there has been no substantive review of admissions related to the social mission of medical schools. This paper reports on a critical scoping review of the connections between social mission and medical school admissions. METHODS: Searches of seven bibliographic databases identified 1258 unique articles. After filtering for relevance, 71 articles were considered for final review...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171047/ending-daca-has-pragmatic-and-ethical-implications-for-u-s-health-care
#11
Danish Zaidi, Mark Kuczewski
In 2012, Loyola University Chicago's Stritch School of Medicine became the first medical school in the United States to actively recruit and accept undocumented immigrants who received protections granted under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program that was established by presidential memorandum. By 2016, sixty-one medical schools were considering applications from DACA recipients for admission, and more than 110 students applied. According to the American Association of Medical Colleges, sixty-five DACA recipients matriculated in U...
November 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169351/-we-have-been-forced-to-move-away-from-home-print-news-coverage-of-canadians-studying-abroad-at-caribbean-offshore-medical-schools
#12
Jeffrey Morgan, Valorie A Crooks, Jeremy Snyder
BACKGROUND: Canadian international medical graduates are Canadian-citizens who have graduated from a medical school outside of Canada or the United States. A growing number of Canadians enroll in medical school abroad, including at Caribbean offshore medical schools. Often, Canadians studying medicine abroad attempt to return to Canada for postgraduate residency training and ultimately to practice. METHODS: The authors conducted a qualitative media analysis to discern the dominant themes and ideologies that frame discussion of offshore medical schools, and the Canadian medical students they graduate, in the Canadian print news...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133319/identification-of-factors-associated-with-resilience-in-medical-students-through-a-cross-sectional-census
#13
Anna Christina Pinho de Oliveira, André Paes Goulart Machado, Renata Nunes Aranha
OBJECTIVES: Research on resilience has been gaining momentum, and it has already been shown that increased resilience creates positive changes at the individual and collective levels. Understanding of the factors associated with resilience may guide specific actions directed towards different populations. The objective of this study was to investigate these associated factors within a population of medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional census. SETTING: A public medical school in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132334/is-perfect-good-dimensions-of-perfectionism-in-newly-admitted-medical-students
#14
Helen Seeliger, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: Society expects physicians to perform perfectly but high levels of perfectionism are associated with symptoms of distress in medical students. This study investigated whether medical students admitted to medical school by different selection criteria differ in the occurrence of perfectionism. METHODS: Newly enrolled undergraduate medical students (n = 358) filled out the following instruments: Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-H), Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS-F), Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110662/reliability-of-multiple-mini-interviews-and-traditional-interviews-within-and-between-institutions-a-study-of-five-california-medical-schools
#15
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Julie A Rainwater, Theodore R Hall, Carolyn J Kelly, Ellena M Peterson, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools use admissions Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) rather than traditional interviews (TIs), partly because MMIs are thought to be more reliable. Yet prior studies examined single-school samples of candidates completing either an MMI or TI (not both). Using data from five California public medical schools, the authors examined the within- and between-school reliabilities of TIs and MMIs. METHODS: The analyses included applicants interviewing at ≥1 of the five schools during 2011-2013...
November 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098043/relationship-between-canadian-medical-school-student-career-interest-in-emergency-medicine-and-postgraduate-training-disposition
#16
Riyad B Abu-Laban, Ian M Scott, Margot C Gowans
Background: Canada has two independent routes of emergency medicine (EM) training and certification. This unique situation may encourage medical students with EM career aspirations to apply to family medicine (FM) residencies to subsequently acquire College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC) training and certification in EM. We sought answers to the following: 1) Are medical students who indicate EM as their top career choice on medical school entry, and then complete a FM residency, more likely to undertake subsequent CFPC-EM training than other FM residents who did not indicate EM as their top career choice; and 2) What are the characteristics of medical students in four predefined groups, based upon their early interest in EM as a career and ultimate postgraduate training disposition...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095171/vive-la-diff%C3%A3-rence-the-freedom-and-inherent-responsibilities-when-designing-and-implementing-multiple-mini-interviews
#17
Harold Reiter, Kevin Eva
The literature on multiple mini-interviews (MMIs) is replete with heterogeneous study results related to the constructs measured, correlations with other measures, and demographic relationships. Rather than view these results as contradictory, the authors ask, What if all of the results are correct? They point out that the MMI is not an assessment tool, but rather an assessment method. Design and implementation of locally conducted MMIs in medical school admissions processes should reflect local needs. As with other local assessments, MMIs should be considered separate from nationally conducted assessments that reflect more universal competencies...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095170/medical-school-applicant-characteristics-associated-with-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews-versus-traditional-interviews-a-multi-institutional-study
#18
Mark C Henderson, Carolyn J Kelly, Erin Griffin, Theodore R Hall, Anthony Jerant, Ellena M Peterson, Julie A Rainwater, Francis J Sousa, David Wofsy, Peter Franks
PURPOSE: To examine applicant characteristics associated with multi mini-interview (MMI) or traditional interview (TI) performance at five California public medical schools. METHOD: Of the five California Longitudinal Evaluation of Admissions Practices (CA-LEAP) consortium schools, three used TIs and two used MMIs. Schools provided the following retrospective data on all 2011-2013 admissions cycle interviewees: age, gender, race/ethnicity (under-represented in medicine [UIM] or not), self-identified disadvantaged (DA) status, undergraduate GPA, Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) score, and interview score (standardized as z-score, mean = 0, SD = 1)...
October 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067063/identifying-a-parsimonious-model-for-predicting-academic-achievement-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#19
Syeda Kauser Ali, Lubna Ansari Baig, Claudio Violato, Onaiza Zahid
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to adduce evidence of validity for admissions tests and processes and for identifying a parsimonious model that predicts students' academic achievement in Medical College. METHODS: Psychometric study done on admission data and assessment scores for five years of medical studies at Aga Khan University Medical College, Pakistan using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structured equation modeling (SEM). Sample included 276 medical students admitted in 2003, 2004 and 2005...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065019/formative-assessment-in-an-integrated-curriculum-identifying-at-risk-students-for-poor-performance-on-usmle-step-1-using-nbme-custom-exam-questions
#20
Judith M Brenner, Jeffrey B Bird, Joanne M Willey
PURPOSE: The Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine (HNSOM) uses an essay-based assessment system. Recognizing the emphasis graduate medical education places on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step exams, the authors developed a method to predict students at risk for lower performance on USMLE Step 1. METHOD: Beginning with the inaugural class (2015), HNSOM administered National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Customized Assessment Service (CAS) examinations as formative assessment at the end of each integrated course in the first two years of medical school...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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