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Admission to medical school

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627964/evaluating-concurrent-validity-of-criminal-justice-and-clinical-assessments-among-women-on-probation
#1
Camila D Odio, Megan Carroll, Susan Glass, Ashley Bauman, Faye S Taxman, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Women in the criminal justice (CJ) system experience complex and comorbid medical, psychiatric, and substance use disorders, which often contribute to CJ involvement. To identify intersections between CJ and health needs, we calculated Spearman r correlations between concurrent CJ and clinical assessments from women on probation in Connecticut who were enrolled in a clinical trial. We examined longitudinal trends in CJ risk scores over 9 years of observation (2005-2014), modeling time to probation recidivism with shared gamma frailty models and comparing contiguous time points by Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank tests...
April 7, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620674/i-am-an-african-american-distinguishing-between-african-american-and-african-applicants-in-medical-school-admissions-matters
#2
Reginald F Baugh
Ignoring the diverse and rich cultures and histories of Africa and the African diaspora by applying the term African American to anyone of sub-Saharan African ancestry in medical school admissions does a disservice to applicants, medical schools, and the communities they serve. To determine how applicants can contribute to a diverse educational environment, admissions decisions must go beyond racial and ethnic self-reporting and recognize the diversity applicants bring to their medical school. Using a holistic approach, institutions can fairly evaluate applicants and strategically fill their incoming classes...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609609/free-text-adversity-statements-as-part-of-a-contextualised-admissions-process-a-qualitative-analysis
#3
Lysa E Owen, Stephanie Ann Anderson, Johnathan S Dowell
BACKGROUND: Medical schools globally are encouraged to widen access and participation for students from less privileged backgrounds. Many strategies have been implemented to address this inequality, but much still needs to be done to ensure fair access for all. In the literature, adverse circumstances include financial issues, poor educational experience and lack of professional-status parents. In order to take account of adverse circumstances faced by applicants, The University of Dundee School of Medicine offers applicants the opportunity to report circumstances which may have resulted in disadvantage...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580252/early-musculoskeletal-classroom-education-confers-little-advantage-to-medical-student-knowledge-and-competency-in-the-absence-of-clinical-experiences-a-retrospective-comparison-study
#4
Derek Khorsand, Ansab Khwaja, Gregory A Schmale
BACKGROUND: Deficiencies in medical student knowledge in musculoskeletal medicine have been well documented. To address these deficiencies, numerous curricular changes at our institution were instituted. The objective of this study was to determine whether medical students in their preclinical years benefit from early exposure to musculoskeletal medicine when compared to students exposed to musculoskeletal medicine just prior to completion of their preclinical curriculum. METHODS: United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 and 2 scores were compared for periods of time before and after institution of the new curriculum...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575887/alcohol-intoxication-among-adolescents-and-children-in-urban-and-rural-environments-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Agnieszka Pawlowska-Kamieniak, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Katarzyna Kominek, Paulina Krawiec, Beata Mełges, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Drinking alcohol by adolescents and children poses a risk of long-term psychological and sociological consequences, often leading to addiction in adulthood. A steady increase in the number of young people reaching for alcohol is worrying. The study analyzes the age and gender of the children, concentration of alcohol in the blood, depending on the origin of the youth (urban or rural). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective analysis of 402 patients hospitalized due to alcohol intoxication in the Department of Paediatrics at Medical University in Lublin, Poland between 2004 - 2013...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560528/extracellular-volume-fraction-assessed-using-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-can-predict-improvement-in-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction-in-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#6
Keisuke Inui, Kuniya Asai, Masaki Tachi, Aya Yoshinaga, Yuki Izumi, Yoshiaki Kubota, Koji Murai, Yayoi Tetsuou Tsukada, Yasuo Amano, Shinichiro Kumita, Wataru Shimizu
T1 mapping using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is useful for myocardial assessment. However, its prognostic value is not well defined. The aim of this study was to determine whether T1 mapping with CMR can predict reverse cardiac remodeling in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM). We also investigated the predictive prognostic value of T1 mapping with CMR in these patients. We included 33 patients with NIDCM admitted to Nippon Medical School Hospital between February 2012 and October 2015...
March 20, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550412/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-children-with-conversion-disorder-admitted-to-a-single-inpatient-rehabilitation-unit-a-retrospective-study
#7
Ashlee Bolger, Andrew Collins, Michelle Michels, David Pruitt
BACKGROUND: Conversion disorder (CD) can lead to impaired functioning. Few studies present demographic and outcome data for pediatric patients. Many have had success with rehabilitation, however further details are not known. OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics and outcomes of children admitted to a pediatric inpatient rehabilitation program with CD symptoms DESIGN: Retrospective Study SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation unit within a large children's hospital PATIENTS: All patients with diagnosis of CD or functional gait disorder (FGD) during designated time period...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#8
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540135/the-efficacy-of-medical-student-selection-tools-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#9
Boaz Shulruf, Warwick Bagg, Mathew Begun, Margaret Hay, Irene Lichtwark, Allison Turnock, Emma Warnecke, Timothy J Wilkinson, Phillippa J Poole
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the efficacy of selection tools employed by medical schools for predicting the binary outcomes of completing or not completing medical training and passing or failing a key examination; to investigate the potential usefulness of selection algorithms that do not allow low scores on one tool to be compensated by higher scores on other tools. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data from four consecutive cohorts of students (3378 students, enrolled 2007-2010) in five undergraduate medical schools in Australia and New Zealand were analysed...
March 19, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535485/widening-participation-to-the-medical-course-at-queens-university-belfast
#10
A McKinley, M Stevenson, K Steele
The United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) was introduced to assist in identification of applicants from all levels of society with the appropriate characteristics to become good doctors. Evidence that the UKCAT has achieved such widened participation (WP) in applicants to medical school remains elusive. One of the limitations to WP investigation has been that data on socioeconomic status of applicants to medical schools has been obtained through voluntary submission on application to UKCAT and up to 30% of applications offered either none or only limited information...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518252/interventions-for-autumn-exacerbations-of-asthma-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Katharine C Pike, Melika Akhbari, Dylan Kneale, Katherine M Harris
BACKGROUND: Asthma exacerbations in school-aged children peak in autumn, shortly after children return to school following the summer holiday. This might reflect a combination of risk factors, including poor treatment adherence, increased allergen and viral exposure, and altered immune tolerance. Since this peak is predictable, interventions targeting modifiable risk factors might reduce exacerbation-associated morbidity and strain upon health resources. The peak occurs in September in the Northern Hemisphere and in February in the Southern Hemisphere...
March 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503302/medical-school-performance-of-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-and-underrepresented-minority-students-matriculating-after-a-multiple-mini-interview
#12
Anthony Jerant, Mark C Henderson, Erin Griffin, Efrain Talamantes, Tonya Fancher, Francis Sousa, Peter Franks
Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) are increasingly used in medical school admissions. We previously reported that while under-represented minority (URM) status was not associated with MMI scores, self-designated disadvantaged applicants had lower MMI scores, possibly affecting their matriculation prospects. No studies have examined how URM status or socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) are associated with academic performance following admission through an MMI. We examined the adjusted associations of MMI scores, SED, and URM status with U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503283/strategies-for-achieving-diversity-through-medical-school-admissions
#13
Quinn Capers, Leon McDougle, Daniel M Clinchot
The relative lack of diversity in medicine is a rate limiting factor in efforts to eliminate health care disparities. Many medical schools struggle to matriculate student bodies that reflect the diversity of this country. Actively recruiting is one tactic to diversify a medical school's applicant pool, but in isolation is not enough. Our medical school admissions committee made a number of programmatic changes that contributed to our current compositional diversity that may be instructive to others. This report from the field on the experience of one U...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492078/smoking-cessation-with-medication-and-behaviour-therapy
#14
Memet Taskin Egici, Guzin Zeren Ozturk, Mulazim Hussain Bukhari, Dilek Toprak
Background and Objective: Smoking Cessation Clinics (SCCs) involve the use of cognitive behavior therapy and effective medications provided by specialists. Our objective was to report socio-demographic data, investigative services provided, and determine the smoking cessation success. Methods: Data from all hospitals affiliated with the Beyoglu Public Hospitals Union were obtained between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. Data from Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital were reviewed via retrospective chart review in the same period...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#15
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445976/an-equivalence-study-of-interview-platform-does-videoconference-technology-impact-medical-school-acceptance-rates-of-different-groups
#16
Marlene P Ballejos, Scott Oglesbee, Jennifer Hettema, Robert Sapien
Web-based interviewing may be an effective element of a medical school's larger approach to promotion of holistic review, as recommended by the Association of American Medical Colleges, by facilitating the feasibility of including rural and community physicians in the interview process. Only 10% of medical schools offer videoconference interviews to applicants and little is known about the impact of this interview modality on the admissions process. This study investigated the impact of overall acceptance rates using videoconference interviews and face-to-face interviews in the medical school selection process using an equivalence trial design...
February 14, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444782/are-efforts-to-attract-graduate-applicants-to-uk-medical-schools-effective-in-increasing-the-participation-of-under-represented-socioeconomic-groups-a-national-cohort-study
#17
Ben Kumwenda, Jennifer Cleland, Rachel Greatrix, Rhoda Katharine MacKenzie, Gordon Prescott
INTRODUCTION: Attracting graduates was recommended as a means of diversifying the UK medical student population. Graduates now make up nearly a quarter of the total medical student population. Research to date has focused on comparing the sociodemographic characteristics of applicants to and/or students on traditional and graduate entry programmes (GEMs), yet GEMs account for only 40% of the graduate medical student population. Thus, we aimed to compare the sociodemographic characteristic and outcomes of graduates and non-graduate applicants across a range of programmes...
February 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444455/anatomists-perceptions-of-the-skills-and-attributes-required-of-newly-recruited-medical-students
#18
Bernard J Moxham, Odile Plaisant, Baptiste Lignier, Feisal Brahim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Admission procedures for recruiting students to medical school vary considerably across the world. Notwithstanding such variability, it is important to know what skills and attributes are required of the students by their teachers on entering medical school. PROCEDURES: Anatomists are often the teachers who first meet the students as they enter medical school and this report analyses, by means of a questionnaire, the putative skills required of their medical students by anatomists from the U...
February 11, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432628/the-relationship-between-preclinical-grading-and-usmle-scores-in-us-allopathic-medical-schools
#19
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431176/phd-forum-multimodal-iot-and-emr-based-smart-health-application-for-asthma-management-in-children
#20
Utkarshani Jaimini
According to a study done in 2014 by National Health Interview Survey around 6.3 million children in United States suffer from asthma [1]. Asthma remains one of the leading reasons for pediatric admissions to children's hospitals, and has a prevalence rate of approximately 10% in children and it leads to missed days from school and other societal costs. This occurs despite improved medications to control asthma symptoms. Asthma management is challenging as it involves understanding asthma causes and avoiding asthma triggers that are both multi-factorial and individualistic in nature...
May 2017: Proceedings of ... International Conference on Smart Computing (SMARTCOMP)
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