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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786830/blue-light-filtering-intraocular-lenses-iols-for-protecting-macular-health
#1
REVIEW
Laura E Downie, Ljoudmila Busija, Peter R Keller
BACKGROUND: An intraocular lens (IOL) is a synthetic lens that is surgically implanted within the eye following removal of the crystalline lens, during cataract surgery. While all modern IOLs attenuate the transmission of ultra-violet (UV) light, some IOLs, called blue-blocking or blue-light filtering IOLs, also reduce short-wavelength visible light transmission. The rationale for blue-light filtering IOLs derives primarily from cell culture and animal studies, which suggest that short-wavelength visible light can induce retinal photoxicity...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758035/changes-in-macular-pigment-optical-density-after-membrane-peeling
#2
Mario R Romano, Gilda Cennamo, Piergiacomo Grassi, Federica Sparnelli, Davide Allegrini, Giovanni Cennamo
INTRODUCTION: To highlight the differences in macular pigment optical density (MPOD) between eyes with vitreoretinal interface syndrome and healthy control eyes, to assess the changes in MPOD in eyes treated with macular peeling, to investigate the relationships between MPOD changes and measures of retinal sensitivity such as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and microperimetry. METHODS: In this cross-sectional comparative study, 30 eyes affected by idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM, 15eyes) or full-thickness macular hole (FTMH, 15eyes) were compared with 60 eyes from 30 healthy age-matched patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745133/effect-of-intraocular-scattering-in-macular-pigment-optical-density-measurements
#3
Dimitrios Christaras, Alexandros Pennos, Harilaos Ginis, Pablo Artal
Fundus reflectometry is a common in-vivo, noninvasive method to estimate the macular pigment optical density (MPOD). The measured density, however, can be affected by the individual's intraocular scattering. Scattering causes a reduction in the contrast of the fundus image, which in turn leads to an underestimation of the measured density. Intraocular scattering was measured optically in a group of seven young, healthy subjects using the method of optical integration and was subsequently used to correctly estimate the MPOD from fundus images...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660599/dosage-dependent-reduction-of-macular-pigment-optical-density-in-female-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-tamoxifen-adjuvant-therapy
#4
I-Liang Lim, Angela Voon Pei Loo, Visvaraja Subrayan, Tsung Fei Khang, Mee Hoong See, Adlinda Alip, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib
It is now increasingly common for breast cancer patients to receive adjuvant tamoxifen therapy for a period of up to 10 years. As survival rate increases, managing tamoxifen ocular toxicities is important for patients' quality of life. Macular pigments in photoreceptor cells protect against free radical damage, which can cause macular degeneration. By reducing macular pigment concentration, tamoxifen may increase the risk of macular degeneration. Here, we compared macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and central macular thickness between breast cancer patients on tamoxifen adjuvant therapy (n = 70), and a control group (n = 72)...
April 13, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610850/plasma-concentrations-of-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-macular-pigment-optical-density-and-their-associations-with-cognitive-performances-among-older-adults
#5
Soufiane Ajana, Daniela Weber, Catherine Helmer, Bénédicte M Merle, Wolfgang Stuetz, Jean-François Dartigues, Marie-Bénédicte Rougier, Jean-François Korobelnik, Tilman Grune, Cécile Delcourt, Catherine Féart
Purpose: We investigated the cross-sectional associations between macular pigment optical density (MPOD), plasma lutein (L), and zeaxanthin (Z) concentrations and cognitive function in 184 older adults of the 3-City-Bordeaux cohort. Methods: MPOD was measured using the two-wavelength autofluorescence method with a modified scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Plasma L and Z (L+Z) concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and were considered either crude or expressed as a ratio of the concentration of plasma lipids (total cholesterol [TC] + triglycerides [TG])...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594609/reliability-of-a-commercially-available-heterochromatic-flicker-photometer-the-mps2-for-measuring-the-macular-pigment-optical-density-of-a-japanese-population
#6
Akira Obana, Yuko Gohto, Takatoshi Moriyama, Takahiko Seto, Hiroyuki Sasano, Shigetoshi Okazaki
PURPOSE: The macular pigment optical density (MPOD) of a Japanese population was measured using a commercially based heterochromatic flicker photometer, the Macular Pigment Screener (MPS2). The objective of the study was to evaluate the accuracy and test-retest reliability of the MPS2 in Asian pigmented eyes. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study to validate the medical instrument in humans. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy Japanese participants with no systemic or eye diseases (men: 13, women: 11; mean [SD] age 38...
March 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576617/what-do-we-know-about-the-macular-pigment-in-amd-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#7
REVIEW
Ranganathan Arunkumar, Charles M Calvo, Christopher D Conrady, Paul S Bernstein
Carotenoids are lipophilic isoprenoid pigments with a common C40 H56 core chemical structure that are naturally synthesized by many plants, algae, bacteria, and fungi. Humans and animals cannot synthesize carotenoids de novo and must obtain them solely through dietary sources. Among the more than 750 carotenoids in nature, only lutein, zeaxanthin, meso-zeaxanthin, and their oxidative metabolites selectively accumulate in the foveal region of the retina where they are collectively referred to as the macular pigment (MP) of the macula lutea...
March 26, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570611/macular-xanthophylls-are-related-to-intellectual-ability-among-adults-with-overweight-and-obesity
#8
Naiman A Khan, Anne M Walk, Caitlyn G Edwards, Alicia R Jones, Corinne N Cannavale, Sharon V Thompson, Ginger E Reeser, Hannah D Holscher
Excess adiposity or obesity has been inversely related to cognitive function and macular xanthophyll status. However, whether the neuroprotective effects of macular xanthophylls on cognitive function are independent of excess adiposity is unclear. We investigated the relationship between macular xanthophylls and intellectual ability among adults ( N = 114) between 25 and 45 years with overweight and obesity (≥25 kg/m²). Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and heterochromatic flicker photometry were used to assess whole body adiposity (%Fat) and macular pigment optical density (MPOD), respectively...
March 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451849/a-comprehensive-review-of-eggs-choline-and-lutein-on-cognition-across-the-life-span
#9
Taylor C Wallace
In 2030, one in five Americans will be older than 65 years, and with that an increase in the number of individuals who experience loss in cognitive capacity is to be expected. At the same time, nutrition within the first 1000 days postconception has been suggested to strongly influence cognitive outcomes across the life-span in humans. Eggs are a primary source of both choline and the xanthophyll carotenoid lutein in the western diet, and both have been suggested to influence cognitive function in humans...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387455/macular-pigment-optical-density-in-a-brazilian-sample
#10
Letícia Pinto Coelho Jorge, Carlos Eduardo Gonçalves Pereira, Eduardo Jorge, Marcos Pereira de Ávila
Background: To evaluate macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and to identify its determinants in a sample of Brazilian individuals. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. One hundred three healthy individuals had both eyes photographed using a Visucam 500 digital fundus camera (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) in combination with the MPOD module. Four variables were obtained: maximum MPOD, mean MPOD, MPOD volume, and MPOD area. Demographic data and information on lifestyle habits were also collected...
2018: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357284/reliability-of-a-two-wavelength-autofluorescence-technique-by-heidelberg-spectralis-to-measure-macular-pigment-optical-density-in-asian-subjects
#11
Akira Obana, Werner Gellermann, Yuko Gohto, Takahiko Seto, Hiroyuki Sasano, Masaki Tanito, Shigetoshi Okazaki
This study evaluates the accuracy of an objective two-wavelength fundus autofluorescence technique for the purpose of measuring the macular pigment optical density (MPOD) in Asian pigmented eyes. Potential differences between MPOD values obtained via autofluorescence technique and subjective heterochromatic photometry (HFP) were examined. Inter-examiner reproducibility between three examiners and test-retest reliability over five time points were also explored. Subjects were 27 healthy Japanese volunteers aged 24 to 58 (mean ± standard deviation, 40...
March 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161349/relation-of-retinal-and-serum-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-to-white-matter-integrity-in-older-adults-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#12
Catherine M Mewborn, Douglas P Terry, Lisa M Renzi-Hammond, Billy R Hammond, L Stephen Miller
Objective: Lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) are phytonutrients that accumulate in human brain tissue and positively impact cognition. Given their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and their role in stabilizing cell membranes, L&Z may relate to measures of white matter integrity (WMI). Method: The current study tested the relation of retinal (macular pigment optical density/MPOD) and blood serum concentrations of L&Z to WMI in community-dwelling older adults (n = 54) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
November 17, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135938/effects-of-a-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-intervention-on-cognitive-function-a-randomized-double-masked-placebo-controlled-trial-of-younger-healthy-adults
#13
Lisa M Renzi-Hammond, Emily R Bovier, Laura M Fletcher, L Stephen Miller, Catherine M Mewborn, Cutter A Lindbergh, Jeffrey H Baxter, Billy R Hammond
Background: Past studies have suggested that higher lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) levels in serum and in the central nervous system (as quantified by measuring macular pigment optical density, MPOD) are related to improved cognitive function in older adults. Very few studies have addressed the issue of xanthophylls and cognitive function in younger adults, and no controlled trials have been conducted to date to determine whether or not supplementation with L + Z can change cognitive function in this population...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982957/macular-pigment-is-associated-with-glare-affected-visual-function-and-central-visual-field-loss-in-glaucoma
#14
We Fong Siah, Colm O'Brien, James J Loughman
AIM: To evaluate the relationship between macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and glare disability in open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of baseline data (88 subjects; median age, 67 (range 36-84) years) collected during the Macular Pigment and Glaucoma Trial (ISRCTN registry number: 56985060). MPOD at 0.25°, 0.5° and 1° of retinal eccentricity was measured using customised heterochromatic flicker photometry. Mesopic contrast sensitivity with glare (mCSg), photostress recovery time (PRT) and self-reported glare symptoms were evaluated...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973076/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-with-lutein-zeaxanthin-and-%C3%AF-3-on-macular-pigment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jean-François Korobelnik, Marie-Bénédicte Rougier, Marie-Noëlle Delyfer, Alain Bron, Bénédicte M J Merle, Hélène Savel, Geneviève Chêne, Cécile Delcourt, Catherine Creuzot-Garcher
Importance: Nutritional uptake of lutein, zeaxanthin, and ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may increase macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and thereby protect against the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Objectives: To estimate the efficiency of dietary supplementation containing lutein, zeaxanthin, ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins to increase the density of macular pigment in first-generation offspring of parents with neovascular AMD...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957818/epilutein-for-early-stage-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-randomized-and-prospective-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Raimondo Forte, Lucia Panzella, Ida Cesarano, Gilda Cennamo, Thomas Eidenberger, Alessandra Napolitano
PURPOSE: The hypothesis that oral supplementation of the epilutein/lutein combination could augment the macular pigment optical density (MPOD) in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) was tested. METHODS: In a prospective randomized interventional study, 40 consecutive patients with early-stage AMD were recruited. After a 2-week run-in period, patients were randomly treated with a daily oral administration of 8 mg epilutein and 2 mg lutein (group 1) or 10 mg lutein (group 2) for 2 months...
2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880221/the-macular-carotenoids-lutein-and-zeaxanthin-are-related-to-increased-bone-density-in-young-healthy-adults
#17
Emily R Bovier, Billy R Hammond
Lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) status can be quantified by measuring their concentrations both in serum and, non-invasively, in retinal tissue. This has resulted in a unique ability to assess their role in a number of tissues ranging from cardiovascular to central nervous system tissue. Recent reports using animal models have suggested yet another role, a developmental increase in bone mass. To test this, we assessed L and Z status in 63 young healthy adults. LZ status was determined by measuring LZ in serum (using HPLC) and retina tissue (measuring macular pigment optical density, MPOD, using customized heterochromatic flicker photometry)...
September 7, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851319/absolute-and-estimated-values-of-macular-pigment-optical-density-in-young-and-aged-asian-participants-with-or-without-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Yoko Ozawa, Yuta Shigeno, Norihiro Nagai, Misa Suzuki, Toshihide Kurihara, Sakiko Minami, Eri Hirano, Hajime Shinoda, Saori Kobayashi, Kazuo Tsubota
BACKGROUND: Lutein and zeaxanthin are suggested micronutrient supplements to prevent the progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness worldwide. To monitor the levels of lutein/zeaxanthin in the macula, macular pigment optical density (MPOD) is measured. A commercially available device (MPSII®, Elektron Technology, Switzerland), using technology based on heterochromatic flicker photometry, can measure both absolute and estimated values of MPOD. However, whether the estimated value is applicable to Asian individuals and/or AMD patients remains to be determined...
August 29, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728169/correlations-between-macular-skin-and-serum-carotenoids
#19
Christopher D Conrady, James P Bell, Brian M Besch, Aruna Gorusupudi, Kelliann Farnsworth, Igor Ermakov, Mohsen Sharifzadeh, Maia Ermakova, Werner Gellermann, Paul S Bernstein
Purpose: Ocular and systemic measurement and imaging of the macular carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin have been employed extensively as potential biomarkers of AMD risk. In this study, we systematically compare dual wavelength retinal autofluorescence imaging (AFI) of macular pigment with skin resonance Raman spectroscopy (RRS) and serum carotenoid levels in a clinic-based population. Methods: Eighty-eight patients were recruited from retina and general ophthalmology practices from a tertiary referral center and excluded only if they did not have all three modalities tested, had a diagnosis of macular telangiectasia (MacTel) or Stargardt disease, or had poor AFI image quality...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722118/at2-r-deficiency-mediated-podocyte-loss-via-activation-of-ectopic-hedgehog-interacting-protein-hhip-gene-expression
#20
Min-Chun Liao, Xin-Ping Zhao, Shiao-Ying Chang, Chao-Sheng Lo, Isabelle Chenier, Tomoko Takano, Julie R Ingelfinger, Shao-Ling Zhang
Angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT2 R) deficiency in AT2 R knockout (KO) mice has been linked to congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract; however, the mechanisms by which this occurs are poorly understood. In this study, we examined whether AT2 R deficiency impaired glomerulogenesis and mediated podocyte loss/dysfunction in vivo and in vitro. Nephrin-cyan fluorescent protein (CFP)-transgenic (Tg) and Nephrin/AT2 RKO mice were used to assess glomerulogenesis, while wild-type and AT2 RKO mice were used to evaluate maturation of podocyte morphology/function...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology
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