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Nasogastric feeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785745/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-due-to-nosocomial-pneumonia-in-bedridden-patients-receiving-tube-feeding
#1
Kosuke Hamai, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Shinichiro Ohshimo, Yu Wakabayashi, Daisuke Ihara, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Koichi Ono, Noboru Hattori
AIM: To investigate the association between the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) and nosocomial pneumonia and gastrointestinal bleeding in bedridden patients receiving tube feeding. METHODS: A total of 116 bedridden hospitalized patients receiving tube feeding, of which 80 were supported by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and 36 by nasogastric tube, were included in the present study. The patients were divided into two groups: 62 patients treated with PPI (PPI group) and 54 patients without PPI (non-PPI group)...
May 22, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779822/associations-of-hyperosmolar-medications-administered-via-nasogastric-or-nasoduodenal-tubes-and-feeding-adequacy-food-intolerance-and-gastrointestinal-complications-amongst-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#2
Evertine Wesselink, Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Martijn Looijen, Dick A van Blokland, Renger F Witkamp, Arthur R H van Zanten
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition is essential during critical illness. However, providing adequate nutrition is often hindered by gastro-intestinal complications, including feeding intolerance. It is suggested that hyperosmolar medications could be causally involved in the development of gastro-intestinal complications. The aims of the present study were 1) to determine the osmolality of common enterally administered dissolved medications and 2) to study the associations between nasogastric and nasoduodenal administered hyperosmolar medications and nutritional adequacy as well as food intolerance and gastro-intestinal symptoms...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716529/severe-localised-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-wegener-s-granulomatosis-manifesting-with-extensive-cranial-nerve-palsies-and-cranial-diabetes-insipidus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
James E Peters, Vivek Gupta, Ibtisam T Saeed, Curtis Offiah, Ali S M Jawad
BACKGROUND: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly Wegener's granulomatosis) is a multisystem vasculitis of small- to medium-sized blood vessels. Cranial involvement can result in cranial nerve palsies and, rarely, pituitary infiltration. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe the case of a 32 year-old woman with limited but severe GPA manifesting as progressive cranial nerve palsies and pituitary dysfunction. Our patient initially presented with localised ENT involvement, but despite treatment with methotrexate, she deteriorated...
May 1, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713622/nutritional-care-in-iranian-intensive-care-units
#4
Maryam Shabanpur, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Shima Moradi, Safora Hedayati, Mahboobe Hosseinikia, Yahya Pasdar, Shahrbanoo Gholizadeh, Mehnoosh Samadi
Intensive care units (ICUs) provides intensive treatment medicine to avoid complications such as malnutrition, infection and even death. As very little is currently known about the nutritional practices in Iranian ICUs, this study attempted to assess the various aspects of current nutrition support practices in Iranian ICUs. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 150 critically ill patients at 18 ICUs in 12 hospitals located in 2 provinces of Iran from February 2015 to March 2016. Data were collected through interview with supervisors of ICUs, medical record reviews and direct observation of patients during feeding...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678013/implementation-of-a-new-traceability-process-for-breast-milk-feeding
#5
Mariana Y Daus, Thelma G Maydana, Daniel A Rizzato Lede, Daniel R Luna
Many newborns at the neonatal intensive care unit are unable to feed themselves, and receive human milk through enteric nutrition devices such as orogastric or nasogastric probes. The mothers extract their milk, and the nursing staff is responsible for the fractionation, storage and administration when prescribed by physicians. It is very important to remind that it is a bodily fluid that carries the risk of disease transmission if misused. Health information technologies can enhance patient safety by avoiding preventable adverse events...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666693/removal-of-nasogastric-tube-accidentally-stitched-to-roux-en-y-oesophagojejunostomy-following-a-radical-gastrectomy-for-stomach-cancer-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ayman Z Azzam, Kareem A Azzam, Tarek Amin
Nasogastric tubes (NGTs) are important for feeding, stenting and decompression after gastrointestinal surgeries, particularly in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Resistance in the removal of a NGT is a rare surgical complication and may be due to a knot in the tube or a stitch anchoring the tube to an anastomosis . We report a 41-year-old male patient who was admitted to the King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in 2015 with stomach cancer. He underwent a radical total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y oesophagojejunostomy...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650060/gastrostomy-versus-nasogastric-tube-feeding-for-chemoradiation-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-the-tube-pilot-rct
#7
Vinidh Paleri, Joanne Patterson, Nikki Rousseau, Eoin Moloney, Dawn Craig, Dimitrios Tzelis, Nina Wilkinson, Jeremy Franks, Ann Marie Hynes, Ben Heaven, David Hamilton, Teresa Guerrero-Urbano, Rachael Donnelly, Stewart Barclay, Tim Rapley, Deborah Stocken
BACKGROUND: Approximately 9000 new cases of head and neck squamous cell cancers (HNSCCs) are treated by the NHS each year. Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) is a commonly used treatment for advanced HNSCC. Approximately 90% of patients undergoing CRT require nutritional support via gastrostomy or nasogastric tube feeding. Long-term dysphagia following CRT is a primary concern for patients. The effect of enteral feeding routes on swallowing function is not well understood, and the two feeding methods have, to date (at the time of writing), not been compared...
April 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619559/effect-of-nasogastric-tube-on-aspiration-risk-results-from-147-patients-with-dysphagia-and-literature-review
#8
Gowun Kim, Sora Baek, Hee-Won Park, Eun Kyoung Kang, Gyuhyun Lee
Nasogastric tube (NGT) is a common feeding strategy for patients at risk of endotracheal aspiration with an oral diet. With NGT feeding, however, swallowing of small amounts saliva cannot be avoided. We investigated whether the aspiration rate when swallowing 1 mL of fluid increased in patients using an NGT in different dysphagia severities. One hundred forty-seven patients who had been receiving NGT feeding underwent a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). During VFSS, subjects were offered 1 mL of fluid twice: initially, with the tube inserted (NGT-in) and, subsequently, with the tube removed (NGT-out)...
April 4, 2018: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618882/techniques-to-improve-reliability-and-predictability-of-the-dorsal-pedicled-tongue-flap-in-closure-of-palatal-defects-and-oronasal-fistulae
#9
Colonel Priya Jeyaraj
Introduction: Despite the improvement in surgical techniques in cleft palate surgery, oronasal fistulas continue to remain a challenge, usually the result of residual palatal and alveolar clefts and post-palatoplasty defects. The tongue flap is an extremely versatile, sturdy, reliable and efficient means of closure of anterior as well as posterior, unilateral and bilateral palatal defects, effectively functionally obliterating the oronasal communication, owing much of its success to its highly vascular structure, good mobility, texture match, central location and low donor site morbidity...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607969/phlegmonous-gastritis-a-report-of-three-cases-with-clinical-and-imaging-features
#10
Mitsuaki Ishioka, Noboru Watanabe, Masayuki Sawaguchi, Sho Fukuda, Hisashi Shiga, Tamotsu Matsuhashi, Mario Jin, Katsunori Iijima
Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare but often fatal acute pyogenic infection of the stomach. We herein report three cases of phlegmonous gastritis with different causes: the long-term placement of a nasogastric feeding tube, bacteremia associated with cellulitis in a diabetic patient, and an adverse reaction to paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy for cancer of unknown primary cause, which were classified as primary, secondary, and idiopathic types, respectively. Coping with the increasing morbidity rate associated with the diverse background of such patients requires a thorough understanding of the clinical features and image findings associated with this entity...
March 30, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607496/enteral-nutritional-therapy-for-induction-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Neeraj Narula, Amit Dhillon, Dongni Zhang, Mary E Sherlock, Melody Tondeur, Mary Zachos
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids are often preferred over enteral nutrition (EN) as induction therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). Prior meta-analyses suggest that corticosteroids are superior to EN for induction of remission in CD. Treatment failures in EN trials are often due to poor compliance, with dropouts frequently due to poor acceptance of a nasogastric tube and unpalatable formulations. This systematic review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of exclusive EN as primary therapy to induce remission in CD and to examine the importance of formula composition on effectiveness...
April 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573599/perforation-of-abdominal-esophagus-following-nasogastric-feeding-tube-intubation-a-case-report
#12
Yoshihisa Numata, Kenjiro Ishii, Hiroaki Seki, Nobutaka Yasui, Michio Sakata, Akihiko Shimada, Hidetoshi Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Perforation of the abdominal esophagus caused by nasogastric tube (NGT) intubation has been rarely reported in adults. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 73-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with pneumonia. He had been bedridden long-term and had previously undergone a gastrectomy for gastric ulcer. Since admission was prolonged, and he required enteral feeding because of his inability to swallow, a NGT was inserted blindly. The next day, he had a high fever and abdominal pain...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570742/impact-of-acute-phase-complications-and-interventions-on-6-month-survival-after-stroke-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Antonio Di Carlo, Maria Lamassa, Marco Franceschini, Francesca Bovis, Lorenzo Cecconi, Sanaz Pournajaf, Stefano Paravati, Annibale Biggeri, Domenico Inzitari, Salvatore Ferro
The outcome of stroke patients is complex and multidimensional. We evaluated the impact of acute-phase variables, including clinical state, complications, resource use and interventions, on 6-month survival after first-ever stroke, taking into account baseline conditions exerting a possible effect on outcome. As part of a National Research Program, we performed a prospective observational study of acute stroke patients in four Italian Regions. Consecutive patients admitted for a period of 3 months to the emergency rooms of participating hospitals were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556412/incidence-and-short-term-outcomes-of-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-in-a-peri-urban-teaching-hospital-uganda-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Hellen Namusoke, Maria Musoke Nannyonga, Robert Ssebunya, Victoria Kirabira Nakibuuka, Edison Mworozi
Background: Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy carries high case fatality rates ranging between 10-60%, with 25% of survivors have an adverse long-term neurodevelopment outcome. Despite the above, there is paucity of data regarding its magnitude and short term outcomes in a low resource setting like Uganda. Therefore we set out to determine the incidence and short term outcomes of Newborns with Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy at St.Francis Hospital, Nsambya. Methods: This was a Prospective Cohort study conducted between October 2015 and January 2016 at St...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553044/neonatal-features-of-the-prader-willi-syndrome-the-case-for-making-the-diagnosis-during-the-first-week-of-life
#15
Filiz Mine Çizmecioğlu, Jeremy Huw Jones, Wendy Forsyth Paterson, Sakina Kherra, Mariam Kourime, Ruth McGowan, M Guftar Shaikh, Malcolm Donaldson
OBJECTIVE: Early diagnosis is of proven benefit in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). We therefore examined key perinatal features to aid early recognition. METHODS: Data were collected from case records of subjects attending a multi-disciplinary clinic and from a retrospective birth questionnaire. RESULTS: Ninety patients (54 male: 36 female) were seen between 1991-2015, most with paternal deletion (n=56) or maternal isodisomy (n=26). Features included cryptorchidism in 94% males, preterm birth (26%), birthweight <2500g (24%), polyhydramnios (23%), breech presentation (23%) and need for nasogastric feeding (83%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503558/the-frequency-risk-factors-and-complications-of-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-during-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-patients
#16
Ayse Gulsah Atasever, Perihan Ergin Ozcan, Kamber Kasali, Taner Abdullah, Gunseli Orhun, Evren Senturk
Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders in intensive care patients remain relatively unexplored. Nowadays, the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during enteral nutrition (EN) become more questionable. Aim: To evaluate the frequency, risk factors and complications of GI dysfunction during EN in the first 2 weeks of the intensive care unit (ICU) stay and to identify precautions to prevent the development of GI dysfunction and avoid complications...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483803/a-case-of-donohue-syndrome-leprechaunism-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-insulin-receptor-gene
#17
Birgül Kirel, Özkan Bozdağ, Pelin Köşger, Sultan Durmuş Aydoğdu, Eylem Alıncak, Neslihan Tekin
Donohue syndrome (Leprechaunism) is characterized by severe insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, postprandial hyperglycemia, preprandial hypoglycemia, intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, dysmorphic findings, and clinical and laboratory findings of hyperandrogenemia due to homozygous or compound heterozygous inactivating mutations in the insulin receptor gene. A female newborn presented with lack of subcutaneous fat tissue, bilateral simian creases, hypertrichosis, especially on her face, gingival hypertrophy, cliteromegaly, and prominent nipples...
December 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476658/mortality-and-short-term-morbidity-in-infants-with-exomphalos
#18
Susanna Sakonidou, Kamal Ali, Isabel Farmer, Ann Hickey, Anne Greenough
BACKGROUND: Infants with exomphalos major have a high mortality and morbidity. The aims of this study were to identify predictors of survival regardless of the size of the exomphalos, and to analyze morbidity in infants with exomphalos minor. METHODS: Patients were classified as having exomphalos major or minor based on whether the liver was in the exomphalos sac, and the size of the abdominal wall defect. The respiratory, gastrointestinal and surgical outcomes of 50 infants with exomphalos (including 27 with exomphalos major) were assessed...
February 24, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458316/study-protocol-for-the-augmented-versus-routine-approach-to-giving-energy-trial-target
#19
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is routinely provided to critically ill patients who are mechanically ventilated and remain in the intensive care unit for more than a few days. Nasogastric feeding, which is standard practice for patients who are unable to tolerate oral nutrition, typically delivers less than 60% of the recommended energy requirements. It remains uncertain whether the delivery of about 100% of the recommended energy goals via the enteral route will affect survival and other important clinical outcomes...
March 2018: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454502/prevalence-and-side-effects-of-pediatric-home-tube-feeding
#20
Hilde Krom, Suzanne M C van Zundert, Marie-Anne G M Otten, Liesbeth van der Sluijs Veer, Marc Alexander Benninga, Angelika Kindermann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Tube feeding ensures growth, but can have negative effects on health and psychosocial functioning, resulting in health related costs. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of pediatric home tube feeding in the Netherlands and to assess the clinical characteristics of tube fed children and side effects of tube feeding. METHODS: The prevalence of pediatric home tube feeding was calculated using data (2010-2014) of both the Medicines and Devices Information Project of the National Health Care Institute, and Statistics Netherlands...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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