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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726775/parietal-association-deficits-in-patients-harboring-parietal-lobe-gliomas-a-prospective-study
#1
Evangelia Liouta, George Stranjalis, Aristotelis V Kalyvas, Christos Koutsarnakis, Stavroula Pantinaki, Faidon Liakos, Spyros Komaitis, Lampis C Stavrinou
OBJECTIVE Although the parietal lobe is a common site for glioma formation, current literature is scarce, consists of retrospective studies, and lacks consistency with regard to the incidence, nature, and severity of parietal association deficits (PADs). The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics and incidence of PADs in patients suffering from parietal lobe gliomas through a prospective study and a battery of comprehensive neuropsychological tests. METHODS Between 2012 and 2016 the authors recruited 38 patients with glioma confined in the parietal lobe...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722099/deficient-supplementary-motor-area-at-rest-neural-basis-of-limb-kinetic-deficits-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Stefanie Kübel, Katharina Stegmayer, Tim Vanbellingen, Sebastian Walther, Stephan Bohlhalter
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients frequently suffer from limb kinetic apraxia (LKA) affecting quality of life. LKA denotes an impairment of precise and independent finger movements beyond bradykinesia, which is reliably assessed by coin rotation (CR) task. BOLD fMRI detected activation of a left inferior parietal-premotor praxis network in PD during CR. Here, we explored which network site is most critical for LKA using arterial spin labeling (ASL). Based on a hierarchical model, we hypothesized that LKA would predominantly affect the functional integrity of premotor areas including supplementary motor areas (SMA)...
May 2, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713440/social-robotics-in-therapy-of-apraxia-of-speech
#3
José Carlos Castillo, Diego Álvarez-Fernández, Fernando Alonso-Martín, Sara Marques-Villarroya, Miguel A Salichs
Apraxia of speech is a motor speech disorder in which messages from the brain to the mouth are disrupted, resulting in an inability for moving lips or tongue to the right place to pronounce sounds correctly. Current therapies for this condition involve a therapist that in one-on-one sessions conducts the exercises. Our aim is to work in the line of robotic therapies in which a robot is able to perform partially or autonomously a therapy session, endowing a social robot with the ability of assisting therapists in apraxia of speech rehabilitation exercises...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710718/the-progressive-acalculia-presentation-of-parietal-variant-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Mario F Mendez, Negar Moheb, Randy E Desarzant, Edmond H Teng
BACKGROUND: Many patients with early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD; age of onset <65 years) have non-amnestic presentations involving language (logopenic primary progressive aphasia, lvPPA), visuospatial abilities (posterior cortical atrophy, PCA), and even asymmetric symptoms consistent with corticobasal syndrome (CBS). An inferior parietal lobule variant of EOAD commonly presents with progressive difficulty with calculations. METHODS: We reviewed 276 EOAD patients for presentations with predominant acalculia...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710021/-right-parietal-cerebral-infarction-with-symptoms-challenging-to-differentiate-between-alien-hand-sign-and-sensory-ataxia-a-case-report
#5
Takamichi Kanbayashi, Yudai Uchida, Keiichi Hokkoku, Masahiro Sonoo
We report the case of a 73-year-old right-handed female with a right parietal cerebral infarction and presented symptoms that were challenging to differentiate between alien hand sign (AHS) and sensory ataxia. She presented to our emergency department with chief complaints of abnormal involuntary movements and a feeling of foreignness on her left upper limb. The first neurological examination revealed left spatial neglect, left-side sensory impairment that included superficial and deep sensations, left limb-kinetic apraxia, and left limb ataxia...
April 28, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703090/using-eye-tracking-technology-for-communication-in-rett-syndrome-perceptions-of-impact
#6
Kelli Vessoyan, Gill Steckle, Barb Easton, Megan Nichols, Victoria Mok Siu, Janette McDougall
Studies have investigated the use of eye-tracking technology to assess cognition in individuals with Rett syndrome, but few have looked at this access method for communication for this group. Loss of speech, decreased hand use, and severe motor apraxia significantly impact functional communication for this population. Eye gaze is one modality that may be used successfully by individuals with Rett syndrome. This multiple case study explored whether using eye-tracking technology, with ongoing support from a team of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) therapists, could help four participants with Rett syndrome meet individualized communication goals...
April 27, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685679/extra-thoracic-supra-aortic-bypass-surgery-is-safe-in-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-and-arterial-occlusive-disease-treatment
#7
Alexander Gombert, Lea van Issum, Mohammad E Barbati, Jochen Grommes, Andras Keszei, Drosos Kotelis, Houman Jalaie, Andreas Greiner, Michael J Jacobs, Johannes Kalder
OBJECTIVE: The safety and feasibility of supra-aortic debranching as part of endovascular aortic surgery or as a treatment option for arterial occlusive disease (AOD) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical outcome of this surgery. METHODS: This single centre, retrospective study included 107 patients (mean age 69.2 years, 38.4% women) who underwent supra-aortic bypass surgery (carotid-subclavian bypass, carotid-carotid bypass, and carotid-carotid-subclavian bypass) because of thoracic or thoraco-abdominal endovascular aortic repair (57%; 61/107) or as AOD treatment (42...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682238/rate-and-rhythm-control-strategies-for-apraxia-of-speech-in-nonfluent-primary-progressive-aphasia
#8
Bárbara Costa Beber, Monalise Costa Batista Berbert, Ruth Siqueira Grawer, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
The nonfluent/agrammatic variant of primary progressive aphasia is characterized by apraxia of speech and agrammatism. Apraxia of speech limits patients' communication due to slow speaking rate, sound substitutions, articulatory groping, false starts and restarts, segmentation of syllables, and increased difficulty with increasing utterance length. Speech and language therapy is known to benefit individuals with apraxia of speech due to stroke, but little is known about its effects in primary progressive aphasia...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680308/oculomotor-apraxia-and-disrupted-sleep-with-nocturnal-ballistic-bouts-in-adcy5-related-disease
#9
Bettina Balint, Elena Antelmi, Niccolò E Mencacci, Amit Batla, Sofia H Eriksson, Matthew C Walker, Adolfo M Bronstein, Kailash P Bhatia
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the distinctive eye movement disorder and the sleep-related dyskinesia in Adenylate cyclase 5 (ADCY5) related disease. METHODS: Formal eye movement examination and video-polysomnography in a cohort of patients with ADCY5 mutations. RESULTS: All three patients had an eye movement disorder characterised by oculomotor apraxia with gaze limitation most prominently in the vertical plane. All patients had disrupted sleep architecture with reduced sleep efficiency due to frequent and prolonged arousals and awakenings in the context of dyskinesia, which could arise from any sleep stage...
April 10, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672170/the-boundaries-of-auditory-perception-for-within-word-syllable-segregation-in-untrained-and-trained-adult-listeners
#10
Tayla Brown, Elizabeth Murray, Patricia McCabe
Syllable segregation is among the core diagnostic features of both childhood apraxia of speech and acquired apraxia of speech; however, little is known about the limen of perception of syllable segregation. The purpose of this research was therefore to explore adult listeners' auditory perception of within-word syllable segregation in trained and untrained adult listeners. Two experimental design studies, each with two phases, were conducted. Study one included 40 untrained listeners (aged 18-28 years), and study two included 5 trained listeners (10-25 years of experience)...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672072/reduced-awareness-for-apraxic-deficits-in-left-hemisphere-stroke
#11
Mona Kusch, Sarah Gillessen, Jochen Saliger, Hans Karbe, Ellen Binder, Gereon R Fink, Simone Vossel, Peter H Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Reduced awareness for motor or cognitive impairments has mainly been studied in relation to right-hemispheric deficits such as left-sided hemiparesis. However, recent studies suggest that also left hemisphere (LH) stroke can lead to reduced awareness for neurological/neuropsychological deficits, for example, aphasia. The aim of the current study was to characterize reduced awareness for apraxic as well as aphasic deficits in patients suffering from LH stroke. METHOD: After the assessment of apraxia and aphasia, patients (n = 32) were asked to rate their performance on a 1- to 5-point rating scale...
April 19, 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652299/-ataxia-with-oculomotor-apraxia-type-4-detected-by-next-generation-sequencing
#12
G E Rudenskaya, E I Surkova, F A Konovalov
Ataxias with oculomotor apraxia (AOA) belong to autosomal recessive ataxias. Their common feature is oculomotor apraxia: inability to coordinate eye movements not due to muscle weakness. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) gives unique opportunities of rare disorders diagnostics and discovering of new forms, including AOA. In 2015, AOA type 4 produced by PNKP mutations was delineated in a group of Portuguese patients. We diagnosed AOA4 in a 9-year-old boy from Byelorussian family. He presented with ataxia since 2 years and deterioration in 8 years, oculomotor apraxia, dystonic hyperkinesia, dysarthria, polyneuropathy, borderline/mildly impaired intelligence, cerebellar atrophy on MRI and moderate hypercholesterolemia...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625432/treating-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-with-the-kaufman-speech-to-language-protocol-a-phase-i-pilot-study
#13
Maryane Gomez, Patricia McCabe, Kathy Jakielski, Alison Purcell
Purpose: A Phase I pilot study was designed to collect preliminary evidence on the use of the Kaufman Speech to Language Protocol (K-SLP; Kaufman, 2014) to treat children with childhood apraxia of speech. We hypothesized that the K-SLP approach would result in more accurate speech production in targeted words, whereas untrained (control) words and speech sounds would remain unchanged. Method: A single-case multiple-baseline across behaviors experimental design was used to see if experimental feasibility could be demonstrated...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621788/characteristics-of-early-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#14
Hyun Haeng Lee, Han Gil Seo, Kwang-Dong Kim, Seung Hak Lee, Woo Hyung Lee, Byung-Mo Oh, Woong-Woo Lee, Yoon Kim, Aryun Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Tai Ryoon Han
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dysphagia, a symptom of multiple system atrophy (MSA), is a major clinical concern. In this study, we investigate the characteristics of early oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) in patients with MSA, and the differences between MSA subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the study had previously been diagnosed with MSA at the clinic of the Department of Neurology, and had been referred for a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS), between 2005 and 2014, to check for dysphagia...
April 5, 2018: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609083/constructional-apraxia-in-elderly-patients-with-brain-tumors-considerations-with-an-up-to-date-review-of-the-literature
#15
Giorgia Abete Fornara, Andrea Di Cristofori, Giulio Andrea Bertani, Giorgio Carrabba, Barbara Zarino
BACKGROUND: Constructional apraxia (CA) is a neuropsychological impairment of either basic perceptual and motor abilities, or executive functions, in absence of any kind of motor or perceptual deficit. Considering patients with focal brain tumors, CA is common in left or right parietal and parieto-occipital lesions. In neuropsychology, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure test (ROCF) (or parallel forms) is commonly used for the assessment of CA. This study stems from a clinical observation of a difficulty with CA tests for the majority of neurosurgical elderly patients without occipito-parietal lesions...
March 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593639/step-by-step-kinematics-of-the-reciprocal-trail-making-task-predict-slowness-of-activities-of-daily-living-performance-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Philipp Gulde, Katharina Leippold, Sarah Kohl, Timo Grimmer, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Alan Armstrong, Joachim Hermsdörfer
Dementia impairs the ability to perform everyday activities. Reduced motor capacity and executive functions as well as loss of memory function and forms of apraxia and action disorganization syndrome can be reasons for such impairments. In this study, an analysis of the hand trajectories during the sequential movements in an adapted version of the trail making task, the reciprocal trail making task (RTMT), was used to predict performance in activities of daily living (ADL) of patients suffering from mild cognitive impairment and dementia...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587996/constructional-apraxia
#17
Roberto Cubelli, Sergio Della Sala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561424/nonopportunistic-infection-leading-to-rapidly-progressive-dementia-in-a-patient-with-hiv-aids-a-case-report
#18
Johannes Eimer, Jan Vesterbacka, Irina Savitcheva, Rayomand Press, Homayoun Roshanisefat, Piotr Nowak
RATIONALE: Cognitive dysfunction is a common presenting symptom in patients with HIV/AIDS. It is usually directly associated with HIV infection or due to opportunistic infection. Rapidly progressive dementia, however, is rarely observed in acute HIV infection or during immune reconstitution. Recently, a case of Creutzfeld-Jakob disease (CJD) has been reported in a patient with chronic HIV infection. The incidence of CJD is not known to be increased among immunocompromised patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: We here report the case of a 59-year-old male patient with a recent diagnosis of HIV/AIDS and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia presenting with secondary behavioral changes and disorientation...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559079/-verbal-and-oral-dyspraxia-in-children-and-juveniles
#19
Trine Printz, Camilla Slot Mehlum, Gohar Nikoghosyan-Bossen
Childhood apraxia of speech and oral dyspraxia are subtypes of dyspraxia: a neurological motor disorder with absence of neuromuscular deficits. The core impairment is in planning and/or programming spatiotemporal parameters of movement sequences, which results in errors in speech sound production and prosody, or in oral motor movements and gestures. Correct diagnostics and focus on differential diagnoses and co-morbidity are crucial, as treatment differs from other types of speech- and oral motor disorders...
March 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522609/-history-from-neuropsychology-to-cognitive-neurosciences-in-argentina
#20
Ricardo F Allegri, Pablo Bagnatti
The first step from the neuropsychology in Argentina was in 1883 with the thesis of Antonio Piñeiro about the brain localization of the language and vision disorders, only few years after Broca. The aim of this work has been to describe the development of the neuropsychology in Argentina and its relation with the psychology, neurology and psychiatry. The first period was into the neurology with its French school in?uence. In 1907, Jose Ingeniero published in French his book about "amusia", Cristofredo Jakob the "folia neurobiologica" where he described the organization of the human brain, Vicente Dimitri in 1933 his book "aphasia" and Bernardo de Quiros in 1959 his works about dyslexia...
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
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