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professional football

Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Kate Hunt, Guangyong Zou, Shannon Sibbald, Karen Danylchuk, Merrick Zwarenstein, Cindy M Gray, Sally Wyke, Christopher Bunn, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Effective approaches that engage men in weight loss and lifestyle change are important because of worldwide increases, including in Canada, in obesity and chronic diseases. Football Fans in Training (FFIT), developed in Scotland, successfully tackled these problems by engaging overweight/obese male football fans in sustained weight loss and positive health behaviours, through program deliveries at professional football stadia. METHODS: Aims: 1) Adapt FFIT to hockey within the Canadian context and integrate with HealtheSteps™ (evidence-based lifestyle program) to develop Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT); 2) Explore potential for Hockey FIT to help overweight/obese men lose weight and improve other outcomes by 12 weeks, and retain these improvements to 12 months; 3) Evaluate feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight/obese men; 4) Evaluate acceptability of Hockey FIT; and 5) Conduct program optimization via a process evaluation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Harry T Mai, Robert J Burgmeier, Sean M Mitchell, Andrew C Hecht, Joseph C Maroon, Gordon W Nuber, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine if the level of a cervical disc herniation (CDH) procedure will uniquely impact performance-based outcomes in elite athletes of the National Football League (NFL). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Comparative assessments of post-surgical outcomes in NFL athletes with CDH at different levels are unknown. Further, the surgical decision making for these types of injuries in professional football athletes remains controversial...
September 30, 2016: Spine
C Steingröver, N Wattie, J Baker, J Schorer
BACKGROUND: Relative age effects (RAEs) typically favour older members within a cohort; however, research suggests that younger players may experience some long-term advantages, such as longer career length. The purposes of this study were to replicate previous findings on RAEs among National Hockey League (NHL) ice hockey players, National Basketball Association (NBA) basketball players and National Football League (NFL) football players and to investigate the influence of relative age on career length in all three sports...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Vincent Gouttebarge, Urban Johnson, Pierre Rochcongar, Philippe Rosier, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and one-season incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among European professional football referees. A secondary aim was to explore the view of European professional football referees on consequences, support and needs related to these symptoms. METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study with three measurements over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among central or assistant professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Eik Bjerre, Ditte Marie Bruun, Anders Tolver, Klaus Brasso, Peter Krustrup, Christoffer Johansen, Robin Christensen, Mikael Rørth, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in men. Today most patients may expect to live years following the diagnosis and may thus experience significant morbidity due to disease progression and treatment toxicity. In order to address some of these problems exercise has been suggested and previously studies have shown improvements of disease specific quality of life and a reduction in treatment-related toxicity. Cohort studies with long term follow up have suggested that physical activity is associated with improved survival in prostate cancer patients...
October 3, 2016: BMC Cancer
Brooke L Devlin, Michael D Leveritt, Michael Kingsley, Regina Belski
Sports nutrition professionals aim to influence nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and body composition to improve athletic performance. Understanding the interrelationships between these factors and how they vary across sports has the potential to facilitate better-informed and targeted sports nutrition practice. This observational study assessed body composition (DXA), dietary intake (multiple-pass 24-hour recall) and nutrition knowledge (two previously validated tools) of elite and sub-elite male players involved in two team-based sports; Australian football (AF) and soccer...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
David X Cifu, Olivia K Uchima, Alaina S Davis, Amy E Lower, Jingyu L Jin, Henry L Lew
Head injuries are a particular concern in Hawai'i given the large military population, the presence of many land and water sports such as football and surfing, and the lenient helmet laws for motorcycle and bicycle riders. Physical, psychological, and cognitive symptoms from single or repeated concussions can affect an individual's reentry to society and activity. Current literature indicates that repeated head injuries are associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) which is thought to lead to dementia...
September 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Karima Belhaj, Soumia Meftah, Siham Zahi, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Isokinetic evaluation allows accurate and reproducible measurement of dynamic muscle strength. It has several application areas, especially in sports, it allows the evaluation, rehabilitation and re-entrainment. It is rarely used for the hip joint. The objective of this study was to report the isokinetic profile of the abductor and adductor muscles of the hip in Moroccan professional players, while comparing players with a history of groin for those without medical history at the hip...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jo Gibson, Jim Kerss, Chris Morgan, Peter Brownson
BACKGROUND: Advances in arthroscopic surgery have resulted in biomechanically stronger repairs that might allow for accelerated rehabilitation protocols and hence faster return to play. Evidence for such regimes in the shoulder, particularly in elite athletes, is lacking. METHODS: This prospective single surgeon (PB) series included 34 professional footballers undergoing an accelerated rehabilitation programme following arthroscopic soft tissue stabilization subsequent to traumatic anterior shoulder dislocation...
October 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Carlo Signorelli, Anna Odone, Alessia Miduri, Paola Cella, Cesira Pasquarella, Armando Gozzini, Pasquale Tamburrino, Enrico Castellacci
Scant data is available on immunization policies and practices among professional athletes. Following up on a recent review on the topic, we conducted a survey among Italian Serie A soccer teams during the influenza season 2015-16, to explore vaccination practices and attitudes as well as influenza vaccine uptake. The survey covered a sample of over 600 professional athletes from 20 teams and was carried out in collaboration with the Italian Association of Physicians of Professional Football Teams (L.A.M.I...
September 13, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Dean Ritchie, Will G Hopkins, Martin Buchheit, Justin Cordy, Jonathan D Bartlett
PURPOSE: Training volume, intensity and distribution are important factors during periods of return to play. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of injury on training load (TL) before and after return to play (RTP) in professional Australian Rules Football. METHODS: Perceived training load (RPE-TL) for 44 players was obtained for all indoor & outdoor training sessions, while field-based training was monitored via GPS (total distance, high-speed running, mean speed)...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Eric S Secrist, Suneel B Bhat, Christopher C Dodson
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries can have negative consequences on the careers of National Football League (NFL) players, however no study has ever analyzed the financial impact of these injuries in this population. PURPOSE: To quantify the impact of ACL injuries on salary and career length in NFL athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Any player in the NFL suffering an ACL injury from 2010 to 2013 was identified using a comprehensive online search...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Evert Verhagen, Gino Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have become a topic of increasing interest in research due to their serious consequences for quality of life and functioning. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship of level of education, employment status and working hours with symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol behaviour, smoking, adverse nutritional behaviour) among current and retired professional footballers...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Evert A L M Verhagen, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 12-month incidence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD) among European professional footballers and to explore the association of potential stressors with the health conditions under study among those European professional footballers. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of 12 months. PARTICIPANTS: Male professional footballers from 5 European countries (n = 384 at baseline)...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
A Bakken, S Targett, T Bere, C Eirale, A Farooq, J L Tol, R Whiteley, E Witvrouw, K M Khan, R Bahr
BACKGROUND: The Nine Plus screening battery test (9+) is a functional movement test intended to identify limitations in fundamental movement patterns predisposing athletes to injury. However, the interseason variability is unknown. AIM: To examine the variability of the 9+ test between 2 consecutive seasons in professional male football players. METHODS: Asymptomatic Qatar Star League players (n=220) completed the 9+ at the beginning of the 2013 and 2014 seasons...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Shane V Caswell, Ashley Ausborn, Guoqing Diao, David C Johnson, Timothy S Johnson, Rickie Atkins, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Nelson Cortes
BACKGROUND: Prior research has described the anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of professional, collegiate, and high school American football players. Yet, little research has described these factors in American youth football and their potential relationship with injury. PURPOSE: To characterize anthropometric and physical performance measures, describe the epidemiology of injury, and examine the association of physical performance measures with injury among children participating within age-based divisions of a large metropolitan American youth football league...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Brian C Werner, Nicole S Belkin, Steve Kennelly, Leigh Weiss, Ronnie P Barnes, Scott A Rodeo, Russell F Warren, Robert N Hotchkiss
BACKGROUND: Thumb collateral ligament injuries occur frequently in the National Football League (NFL). In the general population or in recreational athletes, pure metacarpophalangeal (MCP) abduction or adduction mechanisms yield isolated ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) and radial collateral ligament (RCL) tears, respectively, while NFL athletes may sustain combined mechanism injury patterns. PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of simultaneous combined thumb UCL and RCL tears among all thumb MCP collateral ligament injuries in NFL athletes on a single team...
August 26, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Adam G Culvenor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Eamon T Campolettano, Steven Rowson, Stefan M Duma
OBJECTIVE Although 70% of football players in the United States are youth players (6-14 years old), most research on head impacts in football has focused on high school, collegiate, or professional populations. The objective of this study was to identify the specific activities associated with high-magnitude (acceleration > 40g) head impacts in youth football practices. METHODS A total of 34 players (mean age 9.9 ± 0.6 years) on 2 youth teams were equipped with helmet-mounted accelerometer arrays that recorded head accelerations associated with impacts in practices and games...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Michael L Alosco, Jesse Mez, Neil W Kowall, Thor D Stein, Lee E Goldstein, Robert C Cantu, Douglas I Katz, Todd M Solomon, Patrick T Kiernan, Lauren Murphy, Bobak Abdolmohammadi, Daniel Daneshvar, Philip H Montenigro, Christopher J Nowinski, Robert A Stern, Ann C McKee
This study conducted a preliminary examination on cognitive reserve (CR) as a modifier of symptom expression in subjects with autopsy-confirmed chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The sample included 25 former professional football players neuropathologically diagnosed with CTE stage III or IV. Next of kin interviews ascertained age at cognitive and behavioral/mood symptom onset and demographic/athletic characteristics. Years of education and occupational attainment defined CR. High occupational achievement predicted later age at cognitive (p=0...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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