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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915360/risk-factors-for-reoperation-and-performance-based-outcomes-after-operative-fixation-of-foot-fractures-in-the-professional-athlete-a-cross-sport-analysis
#1
Sameer Singh, Kevin Larkin, Anish Kadakia, Wellington Hsu
BACKGROUND: Professional athletes are predisposed to fractures of the foot due to large stresses placed on the lower extremity. These players are concerned with efficiently returning to play at a high level. Return-to-play rates after operative treatment have been previously reported, yet performance outcomes after such treatment are generally unknown in this population. HYPOTHESIS: Overall, professional athletes sustaining a foot fracture would return to play at high rates with little impact on post-operative performance or league participation...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#2
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#3
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904595/a-cross-continental-study-on-children-s-drawings-of-football-players-implications-for-understanding-key-issues-and-controversies-in-human-figure-drawings
#4
Bahman Baluch, Linda J Duffy, Rokhsareh Badami, Elisangela C Ap Pereira
Professionals examine various aspects of girls' and boys' drawings as a way of understanding their intelligence, personality and emotional state. However, the extent to which such measures could be universally generalised or attributed to a specific cultural norm is still a debatable issue. In the present study five key features of children's drawings namely: the size (height) of the drawings, profile or full face, figure in action or static, shaded or non-shaded and the nature of additional details were examined from a cross-cultural perspective, and by providing a topic (football) for which children's drawing of a human figure could provide opportunities for the latter indices to manifest and flourish...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885451/visual-structure-and-function-in-collision-sport-athletes
#5
Danielle Leong, Christina Morettin, Leonard V Messner, Robert J Steinmetz, Yi Pang, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
BACKGROUND: Vision-based measures have been shown to be useful markers in multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer and Parkinson disease. Therefore, these testing paradigms may have applications to populations explaining repetitive head trauma that has been associated with long-term neurodegenerative sequelae. We investigated retinal structure and visual function in professional collision sport athletes compared to age- and race-matched control participants. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, participants underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and macular ganglion cell complex (GCC = ganglion cell + inner plexiform layers) thickness...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885388/differences-in-physical-capacity-between-junior-and-senior-australian-footballers
#6
Stephen J Kelly, Mark L Watsford, Damien Austin, Rob W Spurrs, Matthew J Pine, Michael J Rennie
The purpose of this study was to profile and compare anthropometric and physical capacities within elite junior and senior Australian football (AF) players of various chronological ages and stages of athletic development. Seventy-nine players, including junior and senior AF players from one professional club were profiled using eleven assessments. Junior players were divided into two groups based on chronological age (under 16 and 18 years) and senior players according to years since drafted to a professional AF team (1-2 years, 3-7 years and 8+ years)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874926/craniosacral-therapy-and-visceral-manipulation-a-new-treatment-intervention-for-concussion-recovery
#7
Gail Wetzler, Melinda Roland, Sally Fryer-Dietz, Dee Dettmann-Ahern
Background: Military service members and veterans face health issues related to traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially during combat, use of heavy equipment, and exposures to environmental hazards and explosives. There were 400,000 TBIs reported in deployed U.S. troops in 2012. Athletes are also subject to TBI. Studies have indicated that some manual therapies could be helpful for treating patients who have post-concussive syndrome. Objective: This case series report describes the effects of CranioSacral Therapy (CST), Visceral Manipulation (VM), and Neural Manipulation (NM) modalities for treating patients who have post-concussion syndrome...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#8
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844725/sprint-mechanics-return-to-competition-follow-up-after-hamstring-injury-on-a-professional-soccer-player-a-case-study-with-an-inertial-sensor-unit-based-methodological-approach
#9
Igor Setuain, Pablo Lecumberri, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: The present research aimed to describe an inertial unit (IU)-based sprint mechanics evaluation model for assessing players' readiness to return to competition after suffering a grade I hamstring injury. METHODS: A professional male football player (age 19years; height 177cm; weight 70kg, midfielder, Spanish, 3° Division) with a grade 1 biceps femoris injury was evaluated at pre-season, at return to play after injury and at the end of the competitive season...
August 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840146/performance-and-return-to-sport-after-clavicle-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-national-football-league-players
#10
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Sergio M Navarro, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
BACKGROUND: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in professional football. Surgical fixation of these injuries may lead to decreased nonunion rates, improved shoulder strength, and decreased residual functional impairment. PURPOSE: To determine (1) return-to-sport (RTS) rate in National Football League (NFL) players after clavicle fracture open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF), (2) postoperative career length and games per season, (3) pre- and postoperative performance, and (4) postoperative performance compared with control players matched by position, age, years of experience, and performance...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825878/injuries-in-australian-rules-football-an-overview-of-injury-rates-patterns-and-mechanisms-across-all-levels-of-play
#11
Richard Saw, Caroline F Finch, David Samra, Peter Baquie, Tanusha Cardoso, Danielle Hope, John W Orchard
CONTEXT: The nature of Australian rules football (Australian football) predisposes both unique and common injuries compared with those sustained in other football codes. The game involves a combination of tackling, kicking, high-speed running (more than other football codes), and jumping. Two decades of injury surveillance has identified common injuries at the professional level (Australian Football League [AFL]). OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of injuries in Australian rules football, including injury rates, patterns, and mechanisms across all levels of play...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817413/actn3-r577x-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-incidence-and-severity-of-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#12
Massidda Myosotis, Voisin Sarah, Culigioni Claudia, Piras Francesco, Cugia Paolo, Yan Xu, Eynon Nir, Carla M Calò
OBJECTIVE: The ACTN3 R577X gene variant results in the absence of the α-actinin-3 protein in ∼18% of humans worldwide and has been associated with athletic performance and increased susceptibility to eccentric muscle damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between ACTN3 R577X variant and indirect muscle disorders/injuries in professional football players. DESIGN: A case-control, genotype-phenotype association study. INTERVENTION: Two hundred fifty-seven male professional Italian football players (from Serie A, Primavera, Allievi, and Giovanissimi; age = 21...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804753/concussion-incidence-and-recurrence-in-professional-australian-football-match-play-a-14-year-analysis
#13
Nathan Gibbs, Mark Watsford
BACKGROUND: Concussion incidence rates in professional Australian football may be underreported due to the injury classification definition. A myriad of factors contribute to concussion risk; however, there is limited long-term surveillance in Australian football. This study analysed concussion in one Australian football team over an extended period. METHOD: Match-play concussion injuries in one team (n = 116 participants) were diagnosed and treated by the team physician over 14 years...
2017: Journal of Sports Medicine (Hindawi Publishing Corporation)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795586/fixture-congestion-modulates-post-match-recovery-kinetics-in-professional-soccer-players
#14
Tommy R Lundberg, Kristoffer Weckström
This study examined the influence of fixture congestion on physical performance and biochemical variables in professional male footballers. After 3 competitive matches within a week (3M cycle), 16 players underwent blood sampling and field testing 72 h after the last match. The same tests were performed after a regular 1 match-week cycle (1M cycle). The 1M vs. 3M change scores were compared between Congested (high match exposure) and non-selected Control players. The change score in muscle soreness was greater (effect size 1...
August 10, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770309/mri-detection-of-soleus-muscle-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#15
G Pezzotta, G Querques, A Pecorelli, R Nani, S Sironi
OBJECTIVES: To describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of soleus muscle injuries in symptomatic professional football players stratified according to both the Munich consensus statement and the British Athletics Muscle Injury Classification (BAMIC), and to investigate the association between specific MRI features and the "return to play" (RTP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Professional football players with an episode of acute posterior calf pain and impaired function, subsequent to sports activity, underwent ultrasound followed by MRI examination reviewed by two different radiologists with more than 10 years of experience in the musculoskeletal system...
August 2, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766262/response-requirements-affect-offside-judgments-in-football-soccer
#16
Frowin Fasold, Peter Wühr, Daniel Memmert
Judging offside in football represents a typical go-nogo task (offside-raising the flag, no offside-no response). Nevertheless, several studies involved two-choice tasks (e.g. offside-press key A, no offside-press key B) to investigate potential sources of errors in offside situations. While go-nogo and choice-response tasks are commonly used in experimental psychology, response preferences may differ between the two tasks. Therefore, we investigated the impact of response requirements on offside judgments in a sample of male participants without experience in professional refereeing...
August 1, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761702/static-stretching-does-not-enhance-recovery-in-elite-youth-soccer-players
#17
Sam Pooley, Owen Spendiff, Matt Allen, Hannah J Moir
BACKGROUND: Static stretching (SS) is a recovery intervention used for the reduction of muscle soreness postexercise. The effects of SS on elite young footballers have received little attention, and therefore the aim of this study was to assess the effects of SS on muscle recovery following competitive soccer matches in elite young footballers. METHODS: Ten male participants (16±1 years) were recruited from an English Premier League professional soccer academy...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759316/conservative-management-for-stable-high-ankle-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#18
Derrick M Knapik, Anthony Trem, Joseph Sheehan, Michael J Salata, James E Voos
CONTEXT: High ankle "syndesmosis" injuries are common in American football players relative to the general population. At the professional level, syndesmotic sprains represent a challenging and unique injury lacking a standardized rehabilitation protocol during conservative management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Biosis Preview, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and EMBASE databases were searched using the terms syndesmotic injuries, American football, conservative management, and rehabilitation...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756392/a-comprehensive-strength-testing-protocol-offers-no-clinical-value-in-predicting-risk-of-hamstring-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-413-professional-football-players
#19
Nicol van Dyk, Roald Bahr, Angus F Burnett, Rod Whiteley, Arnhild Bakken, Andrea Mosler, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain prevalent across a number of professional sports. In football, the incidence has even increased by 4% per year at the Champions League level over the last decade. The role of muscle strength or strength ratios and their association with risk of hamstring injury remain restricted by small sample sizes and inconclusive results. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for hamstring injury in professional football players in an adequately powered, prospective cohort study...
July 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754606/prolonged-running-increases-knee-moments-in-sidestepping-and-cutting-manoeuvres-in-sport
#20
Robert J Savage, Brendan S Lay, Jodie A Wills, David G Lloyd, Tim L A Doyle
OBJECTIVES: To investigate how knee kinematics, kinetics and loading changes during sidestepping tasks following a prolonged running protocol performed in a laboratory setting. DESIGN: All participants performed sidestepping, and crossover cutting tasks in a randomised order before and after a 60min running protocol on a non-motorised treadmill that simulated an AF game. METHODS: Eight healthy male participants who partook in semi-professional and amateur Australian Football undertook a series of straight line runs, sidestepping (SS), and crossover cutting (XO) tasks before and after a simulated game of Australian football...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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