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Minna Hassinen, Jaakko Haverinen, Matti Vornanen
Funny current (If), formed by hyperpolarization-activated HCN channels, is supposed to be crucial for membrane clock regulating the cardiac pacemaker mechanism. We examined the presence and activity of HCN channels in the brown trout (Salmo trutta fario) sinoatrial (SA) pacemaker cells, and their putative role in heart rate (fH) regulation. Six HCN transcripts (HCN1, HCN2a, HCN2ba, HCN2bb, HCN3 and HCN4) were expressed in the brown trout heart. The total HCN transcript abundance was 4.0 and 4.9 times higher in SA pacemaker tissue than in atrium and ventricle, respectively...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Hikaru Hashitani, Michael J Nguyen, Haruka Noda, Retsu Mitsui, Ryuhei Higashi, Keisuke Ohta, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura, Richard J Lang
Typical and atypical smooth muscle cells (TSMCs and ASMCs, respectively) and interstitial cells (ICs) within the pacemaker region of the mouse renal pelvis were examined using focused ion beam scanning electron (FIB SEM) tomography, immunohistochemistry and Ca(2+) imaging. Individual cells within 500-900 electron micrograph stacks were volume rendered and associations with their neighbours established. 'Ribbon-shaped', Ano1 Cl(-) channel immuno-reactive ICs were present in the adventitia and the sub-urothelial space adjacent to the TSMC layer...
June 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Weitao Tang, Kuiran Dong, Kai Li, Rui Dong, Shan Zheng
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential expression and functional roles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in neuroblastoma tissue. LncRNA microarrays were used to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs between tumor and para-tumor tissues. In total, in tumor tissues, 3,098 and 1,704 lncRNAs were upregulated and downregulated, respectively. HCN3 and linc01105 exhibited the higher expression (P < 0.05; P < 0.01, respectively) in neuroblastoma tissue, whereas MEG3 displayed the lower expression (P < 0...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
Rafael Zúñiga, Daniela González, Claudio Valenzuela, Nelson Brown, Leandro Zúñiga
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels belong to the superfamily of voltage-gated pore loop channels. In mammals, this family consists of four different subunits (HCN1-4) and their ion channels activity have been proposed to play an essential role in regulating the membrane potential of excitable cells. Here, we describe the expression and relative abundances of HCN channels in cerebellum and primary cultures of cerebellar granule neurons (CGN). Quantitative determination of mRNA expression levels demonstrated the existence of an accumulation pattern of transcripts in cerebellum that encode HCN2 > HCN3 = HCN4 > HCN1 subunits...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Michael Leist, Maia Datunashvilli, Tatyana Kanyshkova, Mehrnoush Zobeiri, Ania Aissaoui, Manuela Cerina, Maria Novella Romanelli, Hans-Christian Pape, Thomas Budde
Although hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated cation (HCN) channels and the corresponding h-current (Ih) have been shown to fundamentally shape the activity pattern in the thalamocortical network, little is known about their function in local circuit GABAergic interneurons (IN) of the dorsal part of the lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN). By combining electrophysiological, molecular biological, immunohistochemical and cluster analysis, we characterized the properties of Ih and the expression profile of HCN channels in IN...
April 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Romulo Hurtado, Carl S Smith
Renal pacemaker activity triggers peristaltic upper urinary tract contractions that propel waste from the kidney to the bladder, a process prone to congenital defects that are the leading cause of pediatric kidney failure. Recently, studies have discovered that hyperpolarization-activated cation (HCN) and T-type calcium (TTC) channel conductances underlie murine renal pacemaker activity, setting the origin and frequency and coordinating upper urinary tract peristalsis. Here, we determined whether this ion channel expression is conserved in the porcine and human urinary tracts, which share a distinct multicalyceal anatomy with multiple pacemaker sites...
May 2016: Journal of Anatomy
Da-Lu Liu, Na Lu, Wen-Juan Han, Rong-Gui Chen, Rui Cong, Rou-Gang Xie, Yu-Fei Zhang, Wei-Wei Kong, San-Jue Hu, Ceng Luo
Cervical radiculopathy represents aberrant mechanical hypersensitivity. Primary sensory neuron's ability to sense mechanical force forms mechanotransduction. However, whether this property undergoes activity-dependent plastic changes and underlies mechanical hypersensitivity associated with cervical radiculopathic pain (CRP) is not clear. Here we show a new CRP model producing stable mechanical compression of dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which induces dramatic behavioral mechanical hypersensitivity. Amongst nociceptive DRG neurons, a mechanically sensitive neuron, isolectin B4 negative Aδ-type (IB4(-) Aδ) DRG neuron displays spontaneous activity with hyperexcitability after chronic compression of cervical DRGs...
2015: Scientific Reports
Masayuki Itoh, Keiko Ishihara, Noriyuki Nakashima, Makoto Takano
Expression of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCN1-4) on distal dendrites of neurons is suggested to modify synaptic integration in the central nervous system. However, the mechanisms of dendritic localization are not fully understood. Recent studies have revealed that S-palmitoylation plays an important role in the enrichment of various molecules at the postsynaptic membrane. Thus, we performed an acyl-biotinyl exchange assay, and found that HCN1, HCN2, and HCN4, but not HCN3, were S-palmitoylated in HEK293 cells...
May 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Baohua Hou, Hengling Chen, Xiangwei Qu, Xianguang Lin, Fang Luo, Chenhong Li
In rat's sensory neurons, hyperpolarization-activated inward currents (Ih) play an essential role in mediating action potentials and contributing to neuronal excitability. Classified by the size of neurons and ages, we studied the Ih and transcription levels of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels using electrophysiology and the single-cell RT-PCR. In voltage-clamp studies, Ih and half-maximal activation voltage (V1/2) changed with age and size. An analysis of all HCN subtypes in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons by single-cell RT-PCR was carried out...
November 11, 2015: Neuroreport
Anne Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
AIM: To determine if hyperpolarisation-activated nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels exist in human colon, and to investigate the expression of HCN channels in Hirschsprung's disease. METHODS: We investigated HCN1, HCN2, HCN3 and HCN4 protein expression in pull-through specimens from patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR, n = 10) using the proximal-most ganglionic segment and distal-most aganglionic segment, as well as in healthy control specimens obtained at the time of sigmoid colostomy closure in children who had undergone anorectoplasty for imperforate anus (n = 10)...
May 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Konstantina Dimitrakopoulou, Aristidis G Vrahatis, Anastasios Bezerianos
BACKGROUND: The avalanche of integromics and panomics approaches shifted the deciphering of aging mechanisms from single molecular entities to communities of them. In this orientation, we explore the cardiac aging mechanisms - risk factor for multiple cardiovascular diseases - by capturing the micronome synergism and detecting longevity signatures in the form of communities (modules). For this, we developed a meta-analysis scheme that integrates transcriptome expression data from multiple cardiac-specific independent studies in mouse and human along with proteome and micronome interaction data in the form of multiple independent weighted networks...
2015: BMC Genomics
T Smith, M Al Otaibi, J Sathish, L Djouhri
A hallmark of peripheral neuropathic pain (PNP) is chronic spontaneous pain and/or hypersensitivity to normally painful stimuli (hyperalgesia) or normally nonpainful stimuli (allodynia).This pain results partly from abnormal hyperexcitability of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. We have previously shown, using a modified version of the lumbar 5 (L5)-spinal nerve ligation model of PNP (mSNA model involving L5-spinal nerve axotomy plus loose ligation of the lumbar 4 (L4)-spinal nerve with neuroinflammation-inducing chromic-gut), that L4 DRG neurons exhibit increased spontaneous activity, the key characteristic of neuronal hyperexcitability...
June 4, 2015: Neuroscience
Konstantina Dimitrakopoulou, Aristidis G Vrahatis, Anastasios Bezerianos
BACKGROUND: The avalanche of integromics and panomics approaches shifted the deciphering of aging mechanisms from single molecular entities to communities of them. In this orientation, we explore the cardiac aging mechanisms - risk factor for multiple cardiovascular diseases - by capturing the micronome synergism and detecting longevity signatures in the form of communities (modules). For this, we developed a meta-analysis scheme that integrates transcriptome expression data from multiple cardiac-specific independent studies in mouse and human along with proteome and micronome interaction data in the form of multiple independent weighted networks...
2015: BMC Genomics
Francine M Benes
Postmortem studies have suggested that there is abnormal GABAergic activity in the hippocampus in schizophrenia (SZ). In micro-dissected human hippocampal slices, a loss of interneurons and a compensatory upregulation of GABAA receptor binding activity on interneurons, but not PNs, has suggested that disinhibitory GABA-to-GABA connections are abnormal in stratum oriens (SO) of CA3/2, but not CA1, in schizophrenia. Abnormal expression changes in the expression of kainate receptor (KAR) subunits 5, 6 and 7, as well as an inwardly-rectifying hyperpolarization-activated cationic channel (Ih3; HCN3) may play important roles in regulating GABA cell activity at the SO CA3/2 locus...
September 2015: Schizophrenia Research
Ana I Calejo, Marisa Reverendo, Virgília S Silva, Patrícia M Pereira, Manuel A S Santos, Robert Zorec, Paula P Gonçalves
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels play a critical role in a broad range of cell types, but the expression of the various HCN isoforms is still poorly understood. In the present study we have compared the expression of HCN isoforms in rat excitable and non-excitable tissues at both the mRNA and protein levels. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis revealed distinct expression patterns of the four HCN isoforms in brain, heart, pituitary and kidney, with inconsistent mRNA-protein expression correlation...
January 2014: Molecular Biology Reports
Romulo Hurtado, Gil Bub, Doris Herzlinger
Renal pacemakers set the origin and frequency of the smooth muscle contractions that propel wastes from the kidney to the bladder. Although congenital defects impairing this peristalsis are a leading cause of pediatric renal failure, the mechanisms underlying renal pacemaker activity remain unknown. Using ratiometric optical mapping and video microscopy, we discovered that hyperpolarization-activated cation (HCN) channel block with the specific anatagonist ZD7288 (30 μm; IC50) abolished the pacemaker depolarizations that initiate murine upper urinary tract peristalsis...
February 2014: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Meghan M Feeney, Norman D Rosenblum
Coordinated ureteric peristalsis propels urine from the kidney to the bladder. Cells in the renal pelvis and ureter spontaneously generate and propagate electrical activity to control this process. Recently, c-kit tyrosine kinase and hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 3 (HCN3) were identified in the upper urinary tract. Both of these proteins are required for coordinated proximal to distal contractions in the ureter. Alterations in pacemaker cell expression are present in multiple congenital kidney diseases, suggesting a functional contribution by these cells to pathologic states...
April 2014: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Christopher M Wilson, Jonathan A W Stecyk, Christine S Couturier, Göran E Nilsson, Anthony P Farrell
The aneural heart of the Pacific hagfish, Eptatretus stoutii, varies heart rate fourfold during recovery from anoxia. Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels, which play an important role in establishing the pacemaker rate of vertebrate hearts, were postulated to be present in this ancestral vertebrate heart, and it was also theorized that changes in hagfish heart rate with oxygen availability involved altered HCN expression. Partial gene cloning revealed six HCN isoforms in the hagfish heart...
December 1, 2013: Journal of Experimental Biology
Pawan Kumar Shahi, Seok Choi, Dong Chuan Zuo, Man Yoo Kim, Chan Guk Park, Young Dae Kim, Jun Lee, Kyu Joo Park, Insuk So, Jae Yeoul Jun
BACKGROUND: Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide (HCN) channels are pacemaker channels that regulate heart rate and neuronal rhythm in spontaneously active cardiac and neuronal cells. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are also spontaneously active pacemaker cells in the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we investigated the existence of HCN channel and its role on pacemaker activity in colonic ICCs. METHODS: We performed whole-cell patch clamp, RT-PCR, and Ca(2+)-imaging in cultured ICCs from mouse mid colon...
June 2014: Journal of Gastroenterology
Xiaochun Cao-Ehlker, Xiangang Zong, Verena Hammelmann, Christian Gruner, Stefanie Fenske, Stylianos Michalakis, Christian Wahl-Schott, Martin Biel
Most ion channels consist of the principal ion-permeating core subunit(s) and accessory proteins that are assembled with the channel core. The biological functions of the latter proteins are diverse and include the regulation of the biophysical properties of the ion channel, its connection to signaling pathways and the control of its cell surface expression. There is recent evidence that native hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel complexes (HCN1-4) also contain accessory subunits, among which TRIP8b (tetratricopeptide repeat-containing Rab8b-interacting protein) has been most extensively studied...
March 15, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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