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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666039/comment-on-olanzapine-induced-priapism-in-a-child-with-asperger-s-syndrome
#1
Mete Özkıdık, Anar İbrahimov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628271/functional-network-abnormalities-consistent-with-behavioral-profile-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
René Besseling, Rolf Lamerichs, Britt Michels, Stephan Heunis, Anton de Louw, Anton Tijhuis, Jan Bergmans, Bert Aldenkamp
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which the severity of symptoms varies over subjects. The iCAPs model (innovation-driven co-activation patterns) is a recently developed spatio-temporal model to describe fMRI data. In this study, the iCAPs model was employed to find functional imaging biomarkers for ASD in resting-state fMRI data. MRI data from 125 ASD patients and 243 healthy controls was selected from the online ABIDE data repository. Following standard fMRI preprocessing steps, the iCAP patterns were fitted to the data to obtain network time series...
February 21, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546821/-asperger-syndrome-and-or-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-differential-diagnostic-challenge
#3
Stefanie J Schmidt, Ayla Behar, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
Asperger Syndrome and/or Clinical High Risk of Psychosis? A Differential Diagnostic Challenge This case-study deals with the often difficult differential diagnosis of Asperger syndrome and a clinical high risk state of psychosis, in particular as indicated by attenuated psychotic symptoms, as well as with its therapeutic implications. The presented case is a 10-year old girl, who has not been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder before being referred to a specialized center for early detection of psychosis due to possible hallucinatory experiences and delusional ideas...
March 2018: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516452/-perisylvian-magnetoencephalografic-impairments-in-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
M Palau-Baduell, B Salvado-Salvado, M A Idiazabal-Alecha, A Fernandez-Teruel, T Ortiz
INTRODUCTION: The perisylvian areas, located around the Sylvian fissure, are constituted by frontal, temporal and parietal brain regions. These are connected forming specialized neural networks and play a primary role in the development of linguistic skills and social cognition. These areas are a possible neuronal substrate of cognitive and behavioral impairments in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). AIM: To locate and quantify epileptiform activity sources through magnetoencephalography in frontal perisylvian areas in children with idiopathic ASD...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477010/impaired-detection-and-differentiation-of-briefly-presented-facial-emotions-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-and-asperger-syndrome
#5
R Frank, L Schulze, R Hellweg, S Koehne, S Roepke
Although deficits in the recognition of emotional facial expressions are considered a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characterization of abnormalities in the differentiation of emotional expressions (e.g., sad vs. angry) has been rather inconsistent, especially in adults without intellectual impairments who may compensate for their deficits. In addition, previous research neglected the ability to detect emotional expressions (e.g., angry vs. neutral). The present study used a backward masking paradigm to investigate, a) the detection of emotional expressions, and b) the differentiation of emotional expressions in adults diagnosed with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome (n = 23) compared to neurotypical controls (n = 25)...
February 19, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427542/school-dysfunction-in-youth-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-in-taiwan-the-effect-of-subtype-and-adhd
#6
Huey-Ling Chiang, Wei-Chih Kao, Mei-Chun Chou, Wen-June Chou, Yen-Nan Chiu, Yu-Yu Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
School dysfunction is observed in youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the factors moderating their school dysfunction have not been well explored. This study investigated school functions in youths with ASD in Taiwan, stratified by personal characteristics including demographics, ASD subtypes, intelligence profiles, and the presence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We recruited 160 youths (aged 6-18 years, 87.5% boys) with a clinical diagnosis of ASD and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youths...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427532/a-pilot-study-of-high-dose-intravenous-immunoglobulin-5-for-autism-impact-on-autism-spectrum-and-markers-of-neuroinflammation
#7
Isaac R Melamed, Melinda Heffron, Alessandro Testori, Kellie Lipe
Research has shown that a subset of the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) population presents with immune dysregulation. To explore this topic further, we investigated the efficacy and tolerability of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusion in children with ASD. In this study, participants were recruited based on a diagnosis of autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. Participants also showed evidence of immune dysfunction based on abnormal levels of specific biomarkers, including CD40 ligand (CD154), lymphocyte stimulation, and T or B cell dysfunction...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423607/brief-report-social-functioning-predicts-externalizing-problem-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
N Shea, E Payne, N Russo
Individuals with ASD often display externalizing behaviors, which have been associated with lower quality of life in adulthood. Social difficulties have been hypothesized to underlie externalizing problems among individuals with ASD (Klin and Volkmar in Asperger Syndrome, 340-366, 2000), but this has never been tested empirically. We examined whether socialization abilities predicted externalizing problems assessed by parent report in a group of 29 individuals with ASD (age range 7-16 years) and 29 TD individuals matched for IQ, age, and gender...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417447/maternal-and-family-processes-in-different-subgroups-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Jane Pei-Chen Chang, Meng-Chuan Lai, Miao-Chun Chou, Chi-Yung Shang, Yen-Nan Chiu, Wen-Che Tsai, Yu-Yu Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
We compared the maternal reports on mothering and family processes between 160 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youth stratified by personal characteristics from Taiwan. The ASD groups consisted of 51 'typical autism' (TA), 52 'high-functioning autism' (HFA), and 57 'Asperger syndrome (AS).' Maternal reports showed that youth with ASD obtained less affection and more protection from the mother, and had less active mother-child interactions and more behavioral problems at home...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400401/emotional-preferences-and-goals-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-children-with-asperger-s-syndrome-and-typically-developing-children
#10
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Emotion goals lie at the heart of emotion regulation, as people have to first decide what emotions they want to feel before engaging in emotion regulation. Given that children with Asperger's syndrome (AS) are characterized by exhibiting difficulties in emotion regulation, studying whether they display similar or different emotion goals compared to typically developing (TD) children may provide insightful information. METHODS: Thirty AS and 30 TD children (10-12 years) reported about their general (i...
February 5, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283066/herbal-medicine-as-an-alternative-treatment-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#11
Francielly Mourao Gasparotto, Francislaine Aparecida Liveror, Sara Emilia Lima Tolouei Menegati, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior
This review focuses on the efficacy and safety of herbal medicines in the management of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in humans and animals. PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Science Direct databases were searched up to October 30, 2016. The key terms used were "ASD", "Asperger", "autism", "healing plants", "herbal medicine", and "medicinal plants". In each database, the searches consisted of each of the three key terms describing the disorder and subtypes plus each of the terms describing the therapy...
December 27, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244813/a-different-view-on-the-necker-cube-differences-in-multistable-perception-dynamics-between-asperger-and-non-asperger-observers
#12
Jürgen Kornmeier, Rike Wörner, Andreas Riedel, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
BACKGROUND: During observation of the Necker cube perception becomes unstable and alternates repeatedly between a from-above-perspective ("fap") and a from-below-perspective ("fbp") interpretation. Both interpretations are physically equally plausible, however, observers usually show an a priori top-down bias in favor of the fap interpretation. Patients with Autism spectrum disorder are known to show an altered pattern of perception with a focus on sensory details...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244198/rethinking-the-origins-of-autism-ida-frye-and-the-unraveling-of-children-s-inner-world-in-the-netherlands-in-the-late-1930s
#13
Annemieke Van Drenth
Historiographies on the phenomenon of "autism" display Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger as the great pioneers. The recent controversy on who was first in "discovering" autism urges research into the question of how scientific discoveries relate to processes of academic reflection and social intervention. The Netherlands provide an interesting case in pioneering work in autism, since Dutch experts described autism in children already in the late 1930s, preceding the first publications on autism in children by Kanner and Asperger...
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167722/behavioral-cognitive-and-neural-markers-of-asperger-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Farnaz Faridi, Reza Khosrowabadi
Asperger syndrome (AS) is a subtype of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) characterized by major problems in social and nonverbal communication, together with limited and repetitive forms of behavior and interests. The linguistic and cognitive development in AS is preserved which help us to differentiate it from other subtypes of ASD. However, significant effects of AS on cognitive abilities and brain functions still need to be researched. Although a clear cut pathology for Asperger has not been identified yet, recent studies have largely focused on brain imaging techniques to investigate AS...
September 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157514/a-psycho-legal-perspective-on-sexual-offending-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
REVIEW
A Creaby-Attwood, C S Allely
It is important to consider whether there are innate vulnerabilities that increase the risk of an individual with an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), predominantly those defendants with a diagnosis of Asperger's Syndrome, being charged and convicted of a sexual offence. The significance of such can be readily seen in recent English case law, with judgments on appeal finding convictions unsafe where there have been a number of failings in the Judge's summing up. In this article, we will consider the gravity of Judges omitting to highlight a defendant's diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and the necessity of detailed explanations to jury members regarding the condition and its effect upon thoughts and behaviour...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100626/heritable-variation-with-little-or-no-maternal-effect-accounts-for-recurrence-risk-to-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-sweden
#16
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Dan Bai, Behrang Mahjani, Lambertus Klei, Yudi Pawitan, Christina M Hultman, Dorothy E Grice, Kathryn Roeder, Joseph D Buxbaum, Bernie Devlin, Abraham Reichenberg, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has both genetic and environmental origins, including potentially maternal effects. Maternal effects describe association of one or more maternal phenotypes with liability to ASD in progeny that are independent of maternally transmitted risk alleles. While maternal effects could play an important role, consistent with association to maternal traits such as immune status, no study has estimated maternal, additive genetic, and environmental effects in ASD...
September 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042883/feasibility-of-the-korean-version-of-the-bipolar-depression-rating-scale-in-adolescents-with-early-onset-bipolar-disorder
#17
Da-Young Lee, Eun-Kyung Won, Jung-Won Choi, Hye Ji Min, Jayoun Kim, Kyooseob Ha, Yunglyul Lee, Jae Seung Chang, Yeni Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the feasibility and psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Bipolar Depression Rating Scale (BDRS) in adolescents with Early-onset bipolar disorders. METHODS: Fifty-three participants (aged 13-18) with early-onset bipolar disorders (40 depressed and 18 euthymic, 5 patients were assessed at depressed state and reassessed after remission) were recruited. All participants were assessed using the BDRS, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), the Montgomery-Asperg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and the Modified Overt Aggression scale (MOAS)...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036188/family-functioning-parenting-stress-and-quality-of-life-in-mothers-and-fathers-of-polish-children-with-high-functioning-autism-or-asperger-syndrome
#18
Ewa Pisula, Anna Porębowicz-Dörsmann
The aim of the study was to investigate the perception of the family functioning in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) with normal-range intelligence and the relationships between family functioning, parenting stress and quality of life. Dyads of parents of children with ASD without intellectual disability and parents of typically developing children (controls) completed a set of self-report questionnaires. Parents of children with ASD reported lower functioning of the family as a whole and their own functioning as family members; they exhibited higher levels of parenting stress and lower quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019014/incontinence-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Justine Niemczyk, C Wagner, A von Gontard
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are defined by persistent deficits in reciprocal social interaction, communication, and language, as well as stereotyped and repetitive behavior. Functional incontinence, as well as ASD are common disorders in childhood. The aim of this systematic review was to give an overview of the co-occurrence of nocturnal enuresis (NE), daytime urinary incontinence (DUI), and fecal incontinence (FI) in ASD, and vice versa, of ASD in children with incontinence. A systematic literature search of the terms "incontinence", "enuresis", and "encopresis" in combination with "autism" or "Asperger" in four databases (Scopus, PubMed, PsycInfo and Web of science) was conducted...
October 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979165/validation-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnoses-recorded-in-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink-1990-2014
#20
Katrina Wilcox Hagberg, Susan S Jick
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have reported that the validity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnoses recorded in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) was high; however, diagnostic criteria and screening practices have changed since the last study was published in 2004. OBJECTIVES: 1) To calculate the positive predictive value (PPV) of ASD diagnoses recorded in the CPRD compared to original medical records and 2) to describe characteristics of cases and use of clinical codes that support the ASD diagnosis as recorded in the electronic data by general practitioners over time...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
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