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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208982/delusional-disorder-in-a-patient-with-corpus-callosum-agenesis
#1
M S Bhatia, Rashmita Saha, Nimisha Doval
Agenesis of corpus callosum is rare and associated neuropsychiatric abnormalities reported are epilepsy, Asperger's syndrome, learning problems, depression, schizophrenia, conduct disorder and conversion symptoms. Schizophrenia is the most common psychiatric disorder reported among corpus callosum agenesis. We report a rare case of delusional disorder with corpus callosum agenesis and seizure disorder. The patient presented with delusions of persecution towards younger brother and mother, disturbed sleep and reduced appetite...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#2
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#3
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060873/assessment-of-anterior-cingulate-cortex-acc-and-left-cerebellar-metabolism-in-asperger-s-syndrome-with-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-mrs
#4
Aya Goji, Hiromichi Ito, Kenji Mori, Masafumi Harada, Sonoka Hisaoka, Yoshihiro Toda, Tatsuo Mori, Yoko Abe, Masahito Miyazaki, Shoji Kagami
PURPOSE: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) is a noninvasive neuroimaging method to quantify biochemical metabolites in vivo and it can serve as a powerful tool to monitor neurobiochemical profiles in the brain. Asperger's syndrome (AS) is a type of autism spectrum disorder, which is characterized by impaired social skills and restrictive, repetitive patterns of interest and activities, while intellectual levels and language skills are relatively preserved. Despite clinical aspects have been well-characterized, neurometabolic profiling in the brain of AS remains to be clear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051218/parental-satisfaction-of-an-assessment-unit-for-autistic-spectrum-disorders
#5
Arwa Ben Amor, Soumeyya Halayem, Maissa Touati, Ahlem Belhadj, Riadh Gouider, Ridha Mrad, Asma Bouden
Background - Based on the recognized principles of assessment of autistic disorders, the child and adolescent psychiatry department in Razi Hospital developed an assessment unit with diagnostic as well as therapeutic roles. The aim of this work was to examine its functioning and to analyze the parents' perceptions about the unit services. Methods - We gathered the parental satisfaction about the unit by the means of a hetero-questionnaire. Results - Fifty-two parents of children evaluated within the unit were included...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025692/age-related-differences-in-inhibitory-control-and-memory-updating-in-boys-with-asperger-syndrome
#6
Elisabeth M Weiss, Bianca Gschaidbauer, Liane Kaufmann, Andreas Fink, Günter Schulter, Erich Mittenecker, Ilona Papousek
Deficits in specific executive domains are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder; however, age-related improvements in executive functions (reflecting prefrontal maturational changes) have been reported even in individuals diagnosed with autism. The current study examined two components of cognitive flexibility (inhibition of prepotent responses and memory monitoring/updating) by using a random-motor-generation task (MPT) in a group of 23 boys with Asperger syndrome (AS) and 23 matched healthy controls...
December 26, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013245/european-studies-on-prevalence-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-according-to-immigrant-status-a-review
#7
Rafał Kawa, Evald Saemundsen, Sigrídur Lóa Jónsdóttir, Annika Hellendoorn, Sanne Lemcke, Ricardo Canal-Bedia, Patricia García-Primo, Irma Moilanen
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), once considered to be rare, are now reaching prevalence estimates of 1% and higher. Studies conducted in North America indicate large racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis of ASDs. Others show, that immigrant children have similar prevalence rates of ASDs as native children, although they are diagnosed later compared with native children. In relation to a EU funded network action, Enhancing the Scientific Study of Early Autism, it was considered important to review the literature on this subject...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005233/the-occupational-transition-process-to-upper-secondary-school-further-education-and-or-work-in-sweden-as-described-by-young-adults-with-asperger-syndrome-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Vedrana Bolic Baric, Helena Hemmingsson, Kristina Hellberg, Anette Kjellberg
The aim was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger syndrome or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This qualitative study was performed in Sweden and comprised interviews with 15 young adults recruited from community based day centres. Support influencing the process included: occupational transition preparation in compulsory school, practical work experience in a safe environment, and support beyond the workplace...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990657/interpersonal-emotion-regulation-in-asperger-s-syndrome-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Belén López-Pérez, Tamara Ambrona, Michaela Gummerum
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal emotion regulation (ER) plays a significant role in how individuals meet others' emotional needs and shape social interactions, as it is key to initiating and maintaining high-quality social relationships. Given that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or Asperger's syndrome (AS) exhibit problems in social interactions, the aim of this study was to examine their use of different interpersonal ER strategies compared to normative control participants...
March 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977468/a-case-of-asperger-syndrome-with-comorbidity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-selective-mutism-significant-remission-with-the-combination-of-aripiprazole-and-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing
#10
Melis Ipci, Sevim Berrin Inci, Ülkü Akyol Ardiç, Eyup Sabri Ercan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929321/social-communication-questionnaire-scoring-procedures-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-the-prevalence-of-potential-social-communication-disorder-in-asd
#11
Lucy Barnard-Brak, David M Richman, Steven Randall Chesnut, Todd D Little
In analyzing data from the National Database for Autism Research, we utilized Mokken scaling techniques as a means of creating a more effective and efficient screening procedure for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) via the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ). With a sample of 1,040, approximately 80% (n = 827) of the sample were males while approximately 20% (n = 213) were females. In regard to ethnicity, approximately 68% of the sample were White/Caucasian, while 7% were African American, 16% were Hispanic, 4% were Asian, and 1% were Native American or American Indian...
December 2016: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918948/adult-autism-subthreshold-spectrum-adas-spectrum-validation-of-a-questionnaire-investigating-subthreshold-autism-spectrum
#12
L Dell'Osso, C Gesi, E Massimetti, I M Cremone, M Barbuti, G Maccariello, I Moroni, S Barlati, G Castellini, M Luciano, L Bossini, M Rocchetti, M Signorelli, E Aguglia, A Fagiolini, P Politi, V Ricca, A Vita, C Carmassi, M Maj
AIM: Increasing literature has shown the usefulness of a dimensional approach to autism. The present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum), a new questionnaire specifically tailored to assess subthreshold forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adulthood. METHODS: 102 adults endorsing at least one DSM-5 symptom criterion for ASD (ASDc), 143 adults diagnosed with a feeding and eating disorder (FED), and 160 subjects with no mental disorders (CTL), were recruited from 7 Italian University Departments of Psychiatry and administered the following: SCID-5, Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Ritvo Autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale 14-item version (RAADS-14), and AdAS Spectrum...
November 9, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871641/longitudinal-course-of-bipolar-disorder-in-youth-with-high-functioning-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Xenia Borue, Carla Mazefsky, Brian T Rooks, Michael Strober, Martin B Keller, Heather Hower, Shirley Yen, Mary Kay Gill, Rasim S Diler, David A Axelson, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Neal Ryan, Fangzi Liao, Jeffrey I Hunt, Daniel P Dickstein, Boris Birmaher
OBJECTIVE: To provide the first longitudinal characterization of mood and psychosocial functioning in youth with comorbid bipolar (BD) and autism spectrum (ASD) disorders. METHOD: The Course and Outcome of Bipolar Youth study followed 368 youth (aged 7-17 years) with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I), BP-II, or Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) for, on average, 9 years using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation. This subgroup analysis compared youth with and without ASD on clinical presentation, percentage of time with mood symptomatology, and psychosocial functioning...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867417/from-asperger-s-autistischen-psychopathen-to-dsm-5-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-beyond-a-subthreshold-autism-spectrum-model
#14
REVIEW
Liliana Dell'Osso, Riccardo Dalle Luche, Camilla Gesi, Ilenia Moroni, Claudia Carmassi, Mario Maj
Growing interest has recently been devoted to partial forms of autism, lying at the diagnostic boundaries of those conditions previously diagnosed as Asperger's Disorder. This latter includes an important retrieval of the European classical psychopathological concepts of adult autism to which Hans Asperger referred in his work. Based on the review of Asperger's Autistische Psychopathie, from first descriptions through the DSM-IV Asperger's Disorder and up to the recent DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder, the paper aims to propose a Subthreshold Autism Spectrum Model that encompasses not only threshold-level manifestations but also mild/atypical symptoms, gender-specific features, behavioral manifestations and personality traits associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845486/autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intact-executive-functioning
#15
R Ferrara, F Ansermet, F Massoni, L Petrone, E Onofri, P Ricci, T Archer, S Ricci
: Earliest notions concerning autism (Autism Spectrum Disorders, ASD) describe the disturbance in executive functioning. Despite altered definition, executive functioning, expressed as higher cognitive skills required complex behaviors linked to the prefrontal cortex, are defective in autism. Specific difficulties in children presenting autism or verbal disabilities at executive functioning levels have been identified. Nevertheless, the developmental deficit of executive functioning in autism is highly diversified with huge individual variation and may even be absent...
September 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822381/clinical-pearls-how-my-patients-taught-me-the-fainting-lark-symptom
#16
A Kuiper, M E van Egmond, M P M Harms, M D Oosterhoff, B van Harten, D A Sival, T J de Koning, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Compulsive movements, complex tics and stereotypies are frequent, especially among patients with autism or psychomotor retardation. These movements can be difficult to characterize and can mimic other conditions like epileptic seizures or paroxysmal dystonia, particularly when abnormal breathing and cerebral hypoxia are induced. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an 18-year-old patient with Asperger syndrome who presented with attacks of tonic posturing of the trunk and neck...
2016: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812341/from-high-intellectual-potential-to-asperger-syndrome-evidence-for-differences-and-a-fundamental-overlap-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Aurélie Boschi, Pascale Planche, Cherhazad Hemimou, Caroline Demily, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
Background: An increasing number of clinicians point to similar clinical features between some children with High Intellectual Potential (HIP or "Giftedness" = Total IQ > 2 SD), and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) without intellectual or language delay, formerly diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome. Some of these common features are social interaction impairments, special interests, and in some cases high-verbal abilities. The aim of this article is to determine whether these similarities exist at more fundamental levels, other than clinical, and to explore the literature in order to provide empirical support for an overlap between ASD and HIP...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730473/cytokine-profile-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children
#18
Vesna Bryn, Hans Christian Dalsbotten Aass, Ola H Skjeldal, Jørn Isaksen, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Heidi Ormstad
The pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is not completely understood, but there is evidence of associations with altered immune responses. The aim of this study was to determine the serum levels of various cytokines in children with ASD and in healthy controls, in order to determine their role in ASD and its diagnostic subgroups. Sixty-five ASD patients were enrolled from an epidemiological survey in Norway, of which 30 were diagnosed with childhood autism, 16 with Asperger syndrome, 12 with atypical autism, 1 with Rett syndrome, and 6 with another ASD diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703778/asperger-syndrome-in-childhood-personality-dimensions-in-adult-life-temperament-character-and-outcome-trajectories
#19
Adam Helles, Märta Wallinius, I Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Temperament and character have been shown to be important factors in understanding psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorder. Adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have repeatedly been shown to have a distinct temperament and character, but this has not been evaluated in relation to psychiatric comorbidity and ASD diagnostic stability. AIMS: To examine temperament and character in males that were diagnosed with ASD in childhood and followed prospectively over almost two decades...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703772/the-people-with-asperger-syndrome-and-anxiety-disorders-passa-trial-a-pilot-multicentre-single-blind-randomised-trial-of-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#20
Peter E Langdon, Glynis H Murphy, Lee Shepstone, Edward C F Wilson, David Fowler, David Heavens, Aida Malovic, Alexandra Russell, Alice Rose, Louise Mullineaux
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) with people who have Asperger syndrome and comorbid mental health problems. AIMS: To examine whether modified group CBT for clinically significant anxiety in an Asperger syndrome population is feasible and likely to be efficacious. METHOD: Using a randomised assessor-blind trial, 52 individuals with Asperger syndrome were randomised into a treatment arm or a waiting-list control arm...
March 2016: BJPsych Open
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