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Donal Melanaphy, Christpher D Johnson, Maxim Kustov, Connall Watson, Lyudmyla Borysova, Theodore Burdyga, Alexander V Zholos
Transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is the principal cold and menthol receptor channel. Characterized primarily for its cold sensing role in sensory neurons, it is expressed and functional in several non-neuronal tissues, including vasculature. We previously demonstrated that menthol causes vasoconstriction and vasodilatation in isolated arteries, depending on vascular tone. Here we investigated calcium's role in responses mediated by TRPM8 ligands in rat tail artery myocytes using patch-clamp electrophysiology and ratiometric Ca(2+) recording...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Lovish Marwaha, Yashika Bansal, Raghunath Singh, Priyanka Saroj, Ranjana Bhandari, Anurag Kuhad
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating disease which affects central as well as peripheral nervous system. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are ligand-gated ion channels that detect physical and chemical stimuli and promote painful sensations via nociceptor activation. TRP channels have physiological role in the mechanisms controlling several physiological responses like temperature and mechanical sensations, response to painful stimuli, taste, and pheromones. TRP channel family involves six different TRPs (TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPM8, and TRPA1) which are expressed in pain sensing neurons and primary afferent nociceptors...
October 18, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Tamara V Kozyreva, Galina M Khramova, Irina P Voronova, Anna A Evtushenko
The role of thermosensitive TRP ion channels in physiological processes in the whole organism is far from being clear. In present work we tried to understand the possible participation of the cold-sensitive ion channel TRPM8 in regulation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine level in blood, and to see if hypertension (widely spread disease) changes this relationship. Experiments were carried out on normotensive Wistar rats and rats with inherited stress-induced arterial hypertension. The effects of deep rapid and slow cooling with decrease in rectal temperature by 3°C, and activation of the skin TRPM8 ion channel by its agonist menthol (application of 1% L-menthol) on the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1β and TNFα) in blood have been studied...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Lu Fan, Shrilatha Balakrishna, Sairam V Jabba, Pamela E Bonner, Seth R Taylor, Marina R Picciotto, Sven-Eric Jordt
BACKGROUND: Nicotine is a major oral irritant in smokeless tobacco products and has an aversive taste. Mentholated smokeless tobacco products are highly popular, suggesting that menthol increases their palatability and may facilitate initiation of product use. While menthol is known to reduce respiratory irritation by tobacco smoke irritants, it is not known whether this activity extends to oral nicotine and its aversive effects. STUDY DESIGN: The two-bottle choice drinking assay was used to characterise aversion and preference in C57BL/6 mice to a range of menthol concentrations (10-200 µg/mL)...
October 3, 2016: Tobacco Control
Hong-Wei Li, Bin Zhou, Hai-Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular mechanism responsible for apoptosis of PC-12 neuronal cells induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). METHODS: PC12 cells were exposed to OGD for 24 h to simulate ischemia-reperfusion injury. Flow cytometry was employed detect the cell apoptosis, and the expresions of TRPM8, UCP4, cAMP and PKA in the exposed cells were detected with RT-PCR and Western blotting. The changes in the expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, cAMP, PKA and UCP4 proteins were detected in the exposed cells in resposne to inhibition of TRPM8 and cAMP-PKA signal or over-expression of UCP4...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Greg Dussor, Yu-Qing Cao
Migraine is among the most common diseases on earth and one of the most disabling, the latter due in large part to poor treatment efficacy. Development of new therapeutics is dependent on the identification of mechanisms contributing to migraine and discovery of targets for new drugs. Numerous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have implicated the transient receptor-potential M8 (TRPM8) channel in migraine. This channel is predominantly expressed on peripheral sensory neurons and is known as the sensor for cold temperature in cutaneous tissue but is also expressed on deep visceral afferents where cold is not likely a stimulus...
October 2016: Headache
A Yamamoto, K Takahashi, S Saito, M Tominaga, T Ohta
Sensing the ambient temperature is an important function for survival in animals. Some TRP channels play important roles as detectors of temperature and irritating chemicals. There are functional differences of TRP channels among species. TRPM8 in mammals is activated by cooling compounds and cold temperature, but less information is available on the functional role of TRPM8 in avian species. Here we investigated the pharmacological properties and thermal sensitivities of chicken TRPM8 (cTRPM8) and cold-sensitive mechanisms in avian sensory neurons...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
Mircea Iftinca, Robyn Flynn, Lilian Basso, Helvira Melo, Reem Aboushousha, Lauren Taylor, Christophe Altier
BACKGROUND: Specialized cellular defense mechanisms prevent damage from chemical, biological, and physical hazards. The heat shock proteins have been recognized as key chaperones that maintain cell survival against a variety of exogenous and endogenous stress signals including noxious temperature. However, the role of heat shock proteins in nociception remains poorly understood. We carried out an expression analysis of the constitutively expressed 70 kDa heat-shock cognate protein, a member of the stress-induced HSP70 family in lumbar dorsal root ganglia from a mouse model of Complete Freund's Adjuvant-induced chronic inflammatory pain...
2016: Molecular Pain
Chun-Hsiang Tan, Peter A McNaughton
Thermally activated ion channels are known to detect the entire thermal range from extreme heat (TRPV2), painful heat (TRPV1, TRPM3 and ANO1), non-painful warmth (TRPV3 and TRPV4) and non-painful coolness (TRPM8) through to painful cold (TRPA1). Genetic deletion of each of these ion channels, however, has only modest effects on thermal behaviour in mice, with the exception of TRPM8, the deletion of which has marked effects on the perception of moderate coolness in the range 10-25 °C. The molecular mechanism responsible for detecting non-painful warmth, in particular, is unresolved...
August 25, 2016: Nature
Barbara Romano, Ester Pagano, Pierangelo Orlando, Raffaele Capasso, Maria Grazia Cascio, Roger Pertwee, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Angelo A Izzo, Francesca Borrelli
Historical and scientific evidence suggests that Cannabis use has immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. We have here investigated the effect of the non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and of a Cannabis sativa extract with high (64.8%) content in THCV (THCV-BDS) on nitric oxide (NO) production, and on cannabinoid and transient receptor potential (TRP) channel expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages. THCV-BDS and THCV exhibited similar affinity in radioligand binding assays for CB1 and CB2 receptors, and inhibited, via CB2 but not CB1 cannabinoid receptors, nitrite production evoked by LPS in peritoneal macrophages...
August 3, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Luciano De Petrocellis, Francisco J Arroyo, Pierangelo Orlando, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Rosa Maria Vitale, Pietro Amodeo, Aránzazu Sánchez, Cesáreo Roncero, Giulia Bianchini, M Antonia Martín, Pilar López-Alvarado, J Carlos Menéndez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Chen Ran, Mark A Hoon, Xiaoke Chen
The spinal cord is the initial stage that integrates temperature information from peripheral inputs. Here we used molecular genetics and in vivo calcium imaging to investigate the coding of cutaneous temperature in the spinal cord in mice. We found that heating or cooling the skin evoked robust calcium responses in spinal neurons, and their activation threshold temperatures distributed smoothly over the entire range of stimulation temperatures. Once activated, heat-responding neurons encoded the absolute skin temperature without adaptation and received major inputs from transient receptor potential (TRP) channel V1 (TRPV1)-positive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons...
September 2016: Nature Neuroscience
Annelies Janssens, Maarten Gees, Balazs Istvan Toth, Debapriya Ghosh, Marie Mulier, Rudi Vennekens, Joris Vriens, Karel Talavera, Thomas Voets
Various TRP channels act as polymodal sensors of thermal and chemical stimuli, but the mechanisms whereby chemical ligands impact on TRP channel gating are poorly understood. Here we show that AITC (allyl isothiocyanate; mustard oil) and menthol represent two distinct types of ligands at the mammalian cold sensor TRPM8. Kinetic analysis of channel gating revealed that AITC acts by destabilizing the closed channel, whereas menthol stabilizes the open channel, relative to the transition state. Based on these differences, we classify agonists as either type I (menthol-like) or type II (AITC-like), and provide a kinetic model that faithfully reproduces their differential effects...
2016: ELife
Gui-Lan Chen, Ming Lei, Lu-Ping Zhou, Bo Zeng, Fangdong Zou
Borneol is a compound widely used in ophthalmic preparations in China. Little is known about its exact role in treating eye diseases. Here we report that transient receptor potential melastatin 8 (TRPM8) channel is a pharmacological target of borneol and mediates its therapeutic effect in the eyes. Ca2+ measurement and electrophysiological recordings revealed that borneol activated TRPM8 channel in a temperature- and dose-dependent manner, which was similar to but less effective than the action of menthol, an established TRPM8 agonist...
2016: PloS One
Wei Zhao, Huimian Xu
The transient receptor potential melastatin member 8 (TRPM8) is a newly characterized oncoprotein involved in various malignant tumors. However, its expression pattern and biological function in osteosarcoma remain unclear. The present study aimed to explore the expression and prognostic significance of TRPM8 in osteosarcoma (OS). The results revealed that the expression of TRPM8 mRNA and protein in OS tissue was significantly higher than that in paired normal bone tissue (P<0.05). Additionally, the level of TRPM8 mRNA and protein in patients with a higher clinical stage and with distant metastasis was markedly higher than in those with a lower clinical stage and no metastasis (P<0...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
María Jesús Pérez de Vega, Isabel Gomez-Monterrey, Antonio Ferrer-Montiel, Rosario Gonzalez-Muniz
TRPM8 ion channels, the primary cold sensors in humans, are activated by innocuous cooling (< 28 ºC) and cooling compounds (menthol, icilin), and are implicated in sensing unpleasant cold stimuli, as well as in mammalian thermoregulation. Over-expression of these thermoregulators in prostate cancer and in other life-threatening tumors, along with their contribution to an increasing number of pathological conditions, opens a plethora of medicinal chemistry opportunities to develop receptor modulators. This Perspective seeks to compile current known modulators for this ion channel, since both agonists and antagonists may be useful for the treatment of most TRPM8-mediated pathologies...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Kent Sakai, Kristen M Sanders, Marina R Youssef, Kevin M Yanushefski, Liselotte Jensen, Gil Yosipovitch, Tasuku Akiyama
Itch is a major indicator of psoriasis, but the underlying mechanisms behind this symptom are largely unknown. To investigate the neuronal mechanisms of psoriatic itch, we tested whether mice subjected to the imiquimod-induced psoriasis model exhibit itch-associated behaviors. Mice received daily topical applications of imiquimod to the rostral back skin for 7 days. Imiquimod-treated mice exhibited a significant increase in spontaneous scratching behavior directed to the treated area as well as touch-evoked scratching (alloknesis)...
November 2016: Pain
S Kaewsutthi, J Santiprabhob, B Phonrat, A Tungtrongchitr, P Lertrit, R Tungtrongchitr
Obesity is a major worldwide health issue, with increasing prevalence in adults and children from developed and developing countries. Obesity causes several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, osteoarthritis, hypertension, stroke, type II diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, and several types of cancer. Previous genome-wide association studies have identified several genes associated with obesity, including LEP, LEPR, POMC, PCSK1, FTO, MC3R, MC4R, GNPDA2, TMEM18, QPCTL/GIPR, BDNF, ETV5, MAP2K5/SKOR1, SEC16B, SIM1, and TNKS/MSRA...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Yuwei Pan, Guoping Zhao, Zejian Cai, Fengguo Chen, Dandan Xu, Si Huang, Hai Lan, Yi Tong
Angelica sinensis has been used to attenuate cold-induced cutaneous vasospasm syndrome, such as Raynaud's disease and frostbite, in China for many years. Ferulic acid (PubChem CID: 445858) and Z-ligustilide (PubChem CID: 529865), two major components extracted from Angelica sinensis, had been reported to inhibit vasoconstriction induced by vasoconstrictors. In this study, the pharmacological interaction in regulating cold-induced vascular smooth muscle cell contraction via cold-sensing protein TRPM8 and TRPA1 was analyzed between ferulic acid and Z-ligustilide...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Guillaume P Grolez, Dimitra Gkika
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in developed countries. Several studies suggest that variations in calcium homeostasis are involved in carcinogenesis. Interestingly, (Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin member 8) TRPM8 calcium permeable channel expression is differentially regulated during prostate carcinogenesis, thereby suggesting a potential functional role for this channel in those cell processes, which are important for PCa evolution. Indeed, several studies have shown that TRPM8 plays a key role in processes such as the proliferation, viability and cell migration of PCa cells...
2016: Pharmaceuticals
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