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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532657/mechanistic-link-between-diesel-exhaust-particles-and-respiratory-reflexes
#1
Ryan K Robinson, Mark A Birrell, John J Adcock, Michael A Wortley, Eric D Dubuis, Shu Chen, Catriona M McGilvery, Sheng Hu, Milo Sp Shaffer, Sara J Bonvini, Sarah A Maher, Ian S Mudway, Alexandra E Porter, Chris Carlsten, Teresa D Tetley, Maria G Belvisi
BACKGROUND: Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are a major component of particulate matter in Europe's largest cities and epidemiological evidence links exposure with respiratory symptoms and asthma exacerbations. Respiratory reflexes are responsible for symptoms and are regulated by vagal afferent nerves which innervate the airway. It is not known how DEP exposure activates airway afferents to elicit symptoms such as cough and bronchospasm. OBJECTIVE: To identify the mechanisms involved in the activation of airway sensory afferents by DEPs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530239/thermogenetic-neurostimulation-with-single-cell-resolution
#2
Yulia G Ermakova, Aleksandr A Lanin, Ilya V Fedotov, Matvey Roshchin, Ilya V Kelmanson, Dmitry Kulik, Yulia A Bogdanova, Arina G Shokhina, Dmitry S Bilan, Dmitry B Staroverov, Pavel M Balaban, Andrei B Fedotov, Dmitry A Sidorov-Biryukov, Evgeny S Nikitin, Aleksei M Zheltikov, Vsevolod V Belousov
Thermogenetics is a promising innovative neurostimulation technique, which enables robust activation of neurons using thermosensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels. Broader application of this approach in neuroscience is, however, hindered by a limited variety of suitable ion channels, and by low spatial and temporal resolution of neuronal activation when TRP channels are activated by ambient temperature variations or chemical agonists. Here, we demonstrate rapid, robust and reproducible repeated activation of snake TRPA1 channels heterologously expressed in non-neuronal cells, mouse neurons and zebrafish neurons in vivo by infrared (IR) laser radiation...
May 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526851/characterization-of-trpa-channels-in-the-starfish-patiria-pectinifera-involvement-of-thermally-activated-trpa1-in-thermotaxis-in-marine-planktonic-larvae
#3
Shigeru Saito, Gen Hamanaka, Narudo Kawai, Ryohei Furukawa, Jun Gojobori, Makoto Tominaga, Hiroyuki Kaneko, Yoko Satta
The vast majority of marine invertebrates spend their larval period as pelagic plankton and are exposed to various environmental cues. Here we investigated the thermotaxis behaviors of the bipinnaria larvae of the starfish, Patiria pectinifera, in association with TRPA ion channels that serve as thermal receptors in various animal species. Using a newly developed thermotaxis assay system, we observed that P. pectinifera larvae displayed positive thermotaxis toward high temperatures, including toward temperatures high enough to cause death...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524111/synthesis-and-pharmacological-properties-of-novel-esters-based-on-monoterpenoids-and-glycine
#4
Mariia Nesterkina, Iryna Kravchenko
Esters based on mono- and bicyclic terpenoids with glycine have been synthesized via Steglich esterification and characterized by ¹H-NMR, IR, and mass spectral studies. Their analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities were investigated after transdermal delivery on models of formalin, capsaicin, and AITC-induced pain, respectively. Glycine esters of menthol and borneol exhibited higher antinociceptive action, whereas eugenol derivative significantly suppressed the development of the inflammatory process. The mechanism of competitive binding between terpenoid esters and TRPA1/TRPV1 agonists was proposed explaining significant analgesic effect of synthesized derivatives...
May 18, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515697/trpa1-channels-modify-trpv1-mediated-current-responses-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#5
Takayoshi Masuoka, Makiko Kudo, Yuka Yamashita, Junko Yoshida, Noriko Imaizumi, Ikunobu Muramatsu, Matomo Nishio, Takaharu Ishibashi
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel is highly expressed in a subset of sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and trigeminal ganglia of experimental animals, responsible for nociception. Many researches have revealed that some TRPV1-positive neurons co-express the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel whose activities are closely modulated by TRPV1 channel. However, it is less investigated whether the activities of TRPV1 channel are modulated by the presence of TRPA1 channel in primary sensory neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506661/trpa1-receptors-in-chronic-cough
#6
REVIEW
Alyn H Morice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500286/a-kinase-anchoring-protein-79-150-scaffolds-transient-receptor-potential-a-1-phosphorylation-and-sensitization-by-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-activation
#7
Allison Doyle Brackley, Ruben Gomez, Kristi A Guerrero, Armen N Akopian, Marc J Glucksman, Junhui Du, Susan M Carlton, Nathaniel A Jeske
Mechanical pain serves as a base clinical symptom for many of the world's most debilitating syndromes. Ion channels expressed by peripheral sensory neurons largely contribute to mechanical hypersensitivity. Transient Receptor Potential A 1 (TRPA1) is a ligand-gated ion channel that contributes to inflammatory mechanical hypersensitivity, yet little is known as to the post-translational mechanism behind its somatosensitization. Here, we utilize biochemical, electrophysiological, and behavioral measures to demonstrate that metabotropic glutamate receptor-induced sensitization of TRPA1 nociceptors stimulates targeted modification of the receptor...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499580/transient-receptor-potential-trp-channels-as-molecular-targets-in-lung-toxicology-and-associated-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Dietrich, Dirk Steinritz, Thomas Gudermann
The lungs as the gateways of our body to the external environment are essential for gas exchange. They are also exposed to toxicants from two sides, the airways and the vasculature. Apart from naturally produced toxic agents, millions of human made chemicals were produced since the beginning of the industrial revolution whose toxicity still needs to be determined. While the knowledge about toxic substances is increasing only slowly, a paradigm shift regarding the proposed mechanisms of toxicity at the plasma membrane emerged...
April 26, 2017: Cell Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498403/mus-musculus-microrna-449a-ameliorates-neuropathic-pain-by-decreasing-the-level-of-kcnma1-and-trpa1-and-increasing-the-level-of-tpte
#9
Shan Lu, Sichao Ma, Yunyun Wang, Tao Huang, Zhihua Zhu, Guoqing Zhao
Neuropathic pain is a nerve disorder characterized by the dysregulation of ion channels in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. MicroRNAs (miRs) may be associated with the molecular mechanisms underlying the altered levels of ion channels; however, the molecular mechanisms remain widely unknown. To investigate these mechanisms, the present study conducted a genomic analysis of miR between a unilateral spared nerve injury (SNI) model and sham control. Differentially expressed miRs between the SNI and sham groups were selected for transfection of DRG cells, a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array analysis was subsequently performed...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496430/cholinergic-nociceptive-mechanisms-in-rat-meninges-and-trigeminal-ganglia-potential-implications-for-migraine-pain
#10
Irina Shelukhina, Nikita Mikhailov, Polina Abushik, Leniz Nurullin, Evgeny E Nikolsky, Rashid Giniatullin
BACKGROUND: Parasympathetic innervation of meninges and ability of carbachol, acetylcholine (ACh) receptor (AChR) agonist, to induce headaches suggests contribution of cholinergic mechanisms to primary headaches. However, neurochemical mechanisms of cholinergic regulation of peripheral nociception in meninges, origin place for headache, are almost unknown. METHODS: Using electrophysiology, calcium imaging, immunohistochemistry, and staining of meningeal mast cells, we studied effects of cholinergic agents on peripheral nociception in rat hemiskulls and isolated trigeminal neurons...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495872/the-planarian-trpa1-homolog-mediates-extraocular-behavioral-responses-to-near-ultraviolet-light
#11
Taylor R Birkholz, Wendy S Beane
Although light is most commonly thought of as a visual cue, many animals possess mechanisms to detect light outside of the eye for various functions, including predator avoidance, circadian rhythms, phototaxis, and migration. Similar to C. elegans, leeches, and Drosophila larvae, we confirmed that planarians are also capable of detecting and responding to light using extraocular photoreception. We found that when either eyeless or decapitated worms were exposed to near ultraviolet (UV) light, intense wildtype photophobic behaviors were still observed...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480765/targeting-dorsal-root-ganglia-and-primary-sensory-neurons-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain
#12
Temugin Berta, Yawar Qadri, Ping-Heng Tan, Ru-Rong Ji
Currently the treatment of chronic pain is inadequate and compromised by debilitating central nervous system side effects. Here we discuss new therapeutic strategies that target dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) in the peripheral nervous system for a better and safer treatment of chronic pain. Areas covered: The DRGs contain the cell bodies of primary sensory neurons including nociceptive neurons. After painful injuries, primary sensory neurons demonstrate maladaptive molecular changes in DRG cell bodies and in their axons...
May 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478727/local-upregulation-of-transient-receptor-potential-ankyrin-1-and-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-ion-channels-in-rectosigmoid-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#13
Noémi Bohonyi, Krisztina Pohóczky, Bálint Szalontai, Anikó Perkecz, Krisztina Kovács, Béla Kajtár, Lajos Orbán, Tamás Varga, Sarolta Szegedi, József Bódis, Zsuzsanna Helyes, Miklós Koppán
Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) expressed mainly by primary sensory neurons function as major nociceptive integrators. They are also present on the rat endometrium in an oestrogen-regulated manner. TRPV1 is upregulated in peritoneal and ovarian endometriosis patients, but there is no information about TRPA1 and their pathophysiological significances. In this study, patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery were investigated: severe dysmenorrhoea due to rectosigmoid deep infiltrating endometriosis ( n = 15), uterine fibroid-induced moderate dysmenorrhoea ( n = 7) and tubal infertility with no pain ( n = 6)...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471425/corrigendum-calmodulin-is-responsible-for-ca-2-dependent-regulation-of-trpa1-channels
#14
Raquibul Hasan, Alasdair T S Leeson-Payne, Jonathan H Jaggar, Xuming Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469181/expression-and-distribution-of-the-transient-receptor-potential-cationic-channel-a1-trpa1-in-the-human-clitoris-comparison-to-male-penile-erectile-tissue
#15
S Ückert, K Albrecht, A Bannowsky, M Sohn, M A Kuczyk, P Hedlund
The transient receptor potential cationic channel ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a channel protein assumed to act in various human tissues as mechano- and pain sensor and play a role in neurotransmission. The expression of TRPA has already been investigated in the human prostate and urethra, however, only very few studies have addressed the expression and distribution in the male and female genital tract. The present study aimed to investigate by means of immunohistochemistry (double-labeling technique, laser fluorescence microscopy) in the human clitoris and penile erectile tissue the localization of TRPA1 in relation to nNOS, the vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468269/new-disulfide-stabilized-fold-provides-sea-anemone-peptide-to-exhibit-both-antimicrobial-and-trpa1-potentiating-properties
#16
Yulia A Logashina, Runar Gjerp Solstad, Konstantin S Mineev, Yuliya V Korolkova, Irina V Mosharova, Igor A Dyachenko, Victor A Palikov, Yulia A Palikova, Arkadii N Murashev, Alexander S Arseniev, Sergey A Kozlov, Klara Stensvåg, Tor Haug, Yaroslav A Andreev
A novel bioactive peptide named τ-AnmTx Ueq 12-1 (short name Ueq 12-1) was isolated and characterized from the sea anemone Urticina eques. Ueq 12-1 is unique among the variety of known sea anemone peptides in terms of its primary and spatial structure. It consists of 45 amino acids including 10 cysteine residues with an unusual distribution and represents a new group of sea anemone peptides. The 3D structure of Ueq 12-1, determined by NMR spectroscopy, represents a new disulfide-stabilized fold partly similar to the defensin-like fold...
April 29, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446032/effect-of-intravesical-liposome-based-nerve-growth-factor-antisense-therapy-on-bladder-overactivity-and-nociception-in-a-rat-model-of-cystitis-induced-by-hydrogen-peroxide
#17
Tsuyoshi Majima, Pradeep Tyagi, Koji Dogishi, Mahendra Kashyap, Yasuhito Funahashi, Momokazu Gotoh, Michael B Chancellor, Naoki Yoshimura
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether liposome-based local suppression of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the bladder has effects on bladder hypersensitivity in a rat cystitis model induced by intravesical instillation of hydrogen peroxide (HP). HP (1.5%) was intravesically administered to adult female Sprague-Dawley rats. Liposomes complexed with NGF antisense oligonucleotide (OND) labeled with TYE563 fluorescent tag were intravesically instilled on day 2. Red fluorescence from the TYE 563 tag was observed with fluorescent microscopy on day 3...
April 18, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440188/trp-channels-as-novel-targets-for-endogenous-ligands-focus-on-endocannabinoids-and-nociceptive-signalling
#18
Maksim V Storozhuk, Alexander V Zholos
The endocannabinoid system is gaining steadily increasing research interest as its important role in the regulation of many fundamental physiological processes becomes more and more evident. One area which received particularly significant attention concerns targeting the endocannabinoid system as a useful strategy in pain control, especially in refractory, difficult to treat cases of chronic pain. Apart from the classical targets of cannabinoids, the CB1 and CB2 receptors, several members of the large TRP family of Ca2+-permeable cation channels have been designated as "ionotropic cannabinoid receptors" to highlight their role in cannabinoid signalling...
April 24, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436534/a-novel-trpa1-variant-is-associated-with-carbamazepine-responsive-cramp-fasciculation-syndrome
#19
M J Nirenberg, R Chaouni, T M Biller, R M Gilbert, C Paisán-Ruiz
Cramp-fasciculation syndrome (CFS) is a rare muscle hyperexcitability syndrome that presents with muscle cramps, fasciculations, and stiffness, as well as pain, fatigue, anxiety, hyperreflexia, and paresthesias. Although familial cases have been reported, a genetic etiology has not yet been identified. We performed whole-exome sequencing followed by validation and cosegregation analyses on a father-son pair with CFS. Both subjects manifested other hypersensitivity-hyperexcitability symptoms, including asthma, gastroesophageal reflux, migraine, restless legs syndrome, tremor, cold hyperalgesia, and cardiac conduction defects...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424320/trpa1-expression-and-its-functional-activation-in-rodent-cortex
#20
Ehsan Kheradpezhouh, Julian M C Choy, Vincent R Daria, Ehsan Arabzadeh
TRPA1 is a non-selective cation channel involved in pain sensation and neurogenic inflammation. Although TRPA1 is well established in a number of organs including the nervous system, its presence and function in the mammalian cortex remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate the expression of TRPA1 in rodent somatosensory cortex through immunostaining and investigate its functional activation by whole-cell electrophysiology, Ca(2+) imaging and two-photon photoswitching. Application of TRPA1 agonist (AITC) and antagonist (HC-030031) produced significant modulation of activity in layer 5 (L5) pyramidal neurons in both rats and mice; AITC increased intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations and depolarized neurons, and both effects were blocked by HC-030031...
April 2017: Open Biology
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