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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729171/exercise-therapy-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Gregor Kuntze, Colleen Nesbitt, Jackie L Whittaker, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Clodagh Toomey, Shane Esau, Patricia K Doyle-Baker, Jena Shank, Julia Brooks, Susanne Benseler, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise interventions on improving outcomes across domains of functioning and disability in children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). DATA SOURCES: Seven electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Original data, analytic prospective design, physical therapy led exercise intervention evaluation, children and adolescents with JIA, and assessment of functional, structural, activity, participation or quality of life outcomes...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723717/localized-muscle-vibration-reverses-quadriceps-muscle-hypotrophy-and-improves-physical-function-a-clinical-and-electrophysiological-study
#2
Maria Grazia Benedetti, Gennaro Boccia, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Elena Magnani, Elisabetta Mariani, Alberto Rainoldi, Roberto Casale
Quadriceps weakness has been associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-frequency localized muscle vibration (LMV) has been proposed recently for quadriceps strengthening in patients with knee OA. The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the clinical effectiveness of high-frequency LMV on quadriceps muscle in patients with knee OA and (b) to disentangle, by means of surface electromyography (sEMG), the underlying mechanism. Thirty patients, aged between 40 and 65 years, and clinically diagnosed with knee OA were included in this randomized, controlled, single-blinded pilot study...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719976/radiographic-analysis-of-simulated-first-dorsal-interosseous-and-opponens-pollicis-loading-upon-thumb-cmc-joint-subluxation-a-cadaver-study
#3
Julie E Adams, Virginia O'Brien, Erik Magnusson, Benjamin Rosenstein, David J Nuckley
BACKGROUND: Therapy programs to treat thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis may engage selective activation and reeducation of thenar muscles, particularly the first dorsal interosseous (FDI) and opponens pollicis (OP) to reduce subluxation of the joint. We describe the effect of simulated selective activation of the FDI and OP muscles upon radiographic subluxation of the thumb CMC joint. METHODS: In a cadaver model of CMC subluxation, loads were applied to the FDI, the OP, and then concomitantly at 0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% maximal loads and radial subluxation of the joint and reduction in subluxation was measured...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716516/hypertonia
#4
Sarah Helen Evans, Mark William Cameron, Justin Michael Burton
Hypertonia is the abnormal increase in muscle tone as a result of upper motor neuron lesions. There are three following clinical types: spasticity, dystonia, and rigidity. Management of hypertonia is individualized and should be directed by the patient and/or family׳s goals of care as well as the underlying cause of the hypertonia. Treatment options include stretching, strengthening, positioning, oral medications, botulinum toxin injections, phenol injections, as well as surgical procedures. Without effective management, hypertonia can result in muscle imbalance, abnormal movement patterns, pain, joint contracture, joint deformity, and ultimately negatively impact a patient׳s function...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714757/comparative-effects-of-four-single-leg-squat-exercises-in-subjects-with-gluteus-medius-weakness
#5
Hae-Rim Han, Chung-Hwi Yi, Sung-Hyun You, Heon-Seock Cynn, One-Bin Lim, Jae-Ik Son
CONTEXT: Of the weight bearing exercises, single leg squat (SLS) represents one of the most commonly used hip strengthening exercises that require more gluteus medius (GMED) activity. To date, no studies have investigated how the four SLS exercises affects muscle imbalance of GMED, tensor fasciae latae (TFL), and adductor longus (AL), and kinematics of hip. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hip muscle activities, onset time, and kinematics during four different SLS exercises (unilateral squat, unilateral wall-squat, lateral step-down, and front step-down) in subjects with GMED weakness...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707283/multimodal-physical-activity-increases-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-and-improves-cognition-in-institutionalized-older-women
#6
Kelem Vedovelli, Bruno Lima Giacobbo, Márcio Silveira Corrêa, Andréa Wieck, Irani Iracema de Lima Argimon, Elke Bromberg
Physical activity has been proposed as a promising intervention to improve cognition and decrease the risk of dementia in older adults. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to mediate, at least partially, these effects of exercise. However, intervention studies of the effects of multimodal exercises on cognition and BDNF levels are scarce and composed by small samples. Thus, the generalization of the conclusions of these studies depends on the reproducibility of the results. In order to contribute to the knowledge on the field, the present study evaluated the effects of a physical activity intervention composed by muscle strengthening and aerobic conditioning on BDNF levels and cognition in older women...
July 13, 2017: GeroScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694684/comparison-of-joint-loading-in-badminton-lunging-between-professional-and-amateur-badminton-players
#7
Lin Fu, Feng Ren, Julien S Baker
The knee and ankle are the two most injured joints associated with the sport of badminton. This study evaluates biomechanical factors between professional and amateur badminton players using an injury mechanism model. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematic motion and kinetic loading differences of the right knee and ankle while performing a maximal right lunge. Amateur players exhibited greater ankle range of motion (p < 0.05, r = 0.89) and inversion joint moment (p < 0.05, r = 0.54) in the frontal plane as well as greater internal joint rotation moment (p < 0...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682653/the-relation-of-combined-aerobic-and-muscle-strengthening-physical-activity-with-presenteeism
#8
Timothy J Walker, Jessica M Tullar, Pamela M Diamond, Harold W Kohl, Benjamin C Amick
BACKGROUND: There is a need to understand physical activity types associated with health-related work limitations (also known as presenteeism). This study tests whether additive effects between physical activity types are associated with health-related work limitations among employees from a public university system. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using health assessment data (n=10,791) was used to examine aims. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) models tested differences in work limitations between physical activity groups based on combinations of stretching behavior, aerobic, and muscle strengthening physical activity...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678599/benefits-of-physical-activities-centered-on-the-trunk-for-pregnant-women
#9
Eric Watelain, Antonio Pinti, Racha Doya, Cyril Garnier, Hechmi Toumi, Samuel Boudet
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a trunk exercise program on pain, quality of life (QoL) and physical health (PH) in the late pregnancy and post-partum periods as well as baby weight and size and delivery. METHODS: 90 nulliparous women were allocated based on voluntarism to a training group (TG) or to a control group (CG). TG carried out a structured program with exercises for flexibility, balance and strengthening for the majority of skeletal muscles specifically for the spinal ones, between the 24th and 36th week of pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670779/quantitative-ultrasound-assessment-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-affecting-the-trapezius-a-reliability-study
#10
Dinesh Kumbhare, Saurabh Shaw, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Michael D Noseworthy
OBJECTIVES: Myofascial pain syndrome is one of the most common causes of chronic pain and is highlighted by the presence of myofascial trigger points. The current practice of diagnosing myofascial pain syndrome among clinicians involves manual detection of myofascial trigger points, which can be inconsistent. However, the detection process can be strengthened with the assistance of ultrasound (US). Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the upper trapezius by using quantitative techniques in healthy asymptomatic individuals with neck pain...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668547/associations-of-self-reported-allergic-diseases-and-musculoskeletal-problems-in-children-a-us-population-based-study
#11
Benjamin J Barrick, Somya Jalan, Megha M Tollefson, Todd A Milbrandt, A Noelle Larson, Matthew A Rank, Christine M Lohse, Dawn Marie R Davis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found increased rates of musculoskeletal problems in adults with allergic disease, but whether this association holds true for children is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of bone, joint, and muscle problems in children with a history of allergic disease. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2007 Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models accounting for the sampling design were used to evaluate associations of bone, joint, and muscle problems with allergic diseases, such as asthma, hay fever, food allergies, and eczema...
June 28, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663159/synchronous-solid-pseudopapillary-tumor-and-insulinoma-in-an-adolescent-men1-patient-presenting-with-diagnostic-dilemmas
#12
Ahmet Uçar, Banu Özgüven, Muharrem Battal, Felda Alpaslan, Evrim Özmen, Aylin Yetim, Yasin Yılmaz
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN1) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by primary hyperparathyroidism, enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, and anterior pituitary adenomas. A 16-year-old male presented to the emergency outpatient clinic with tonic convulsions. Physical examination in the postconvulsive period was unremarkable and revealed a muscular, postpubertal adolescent. Biochemical tests at admission were consistent with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and remarkable for elevated levels of liver transaminases and creatine kinase...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662318/correlates-of-achieving-the-guidelines-of-four-forms-of-physical-activity-and-the-relationship-between-guidelines-achievement-and-academic-performance-undergraduate-students-in-finland
#13
Walid El Ansari, Sakari Suominen, Steve Draper
1S: We surveyed and compared, by gender, the levels and correlates of achieving the international guidelines of four forms of physical activity (PA): moderate PA (MPA), vigorous PA (VPA), moderate or vigorous PA (MVPA), and muscle strengthening PA (MSPA). The study assessed the associations between achieving the guidelines of the four PA forms and a range of socio-demographic, health and academic performance variables. METHODS: Data was collected across the seven faculties of the University of Turku (2013-2014 from a representative sample of 1,189 undergraduates)...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662010/-the-impact-of-dynamic-platform-exercises-on-knee-joint-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-gonarthrosis-treated-with-microfracture-method
#14
Kamil Klupiński, Jakub Krochmalski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. Gonarthrosis is one of the most serious diseases the highly developed modern medicine must face. The number of patients suffering from joint pain and progressive disability is growing, especially in economically developed countries. Over the years, the disease has been considered merely as a symptom of aging and the effect of "wear and tear" of the cartilage. At present it is known that the degenerative joint disease is of chronic and progressive nature and its pathogenesis is complex...
June 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656698/lower-muscle-tissue-is-associated-with-higher-pulse-wave-velocity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-study-data
#15
Alexander J Rodríguez, Md Nazmul Karim, Velandai Srikanth, Peter Ebeling, David Scott
Muscle loss and arterial stiffness share common risk factors and are commonly seen in the elderly. We aimed to synthesise the existing literature on studies that have examined this association. We searched electronic databases for studies reporting correlations or associations between a measure of muscle tissue and a measure of arterial stiffness. Meta-analysis was conducted using Fisher's Z-transformed r-correlation (rZ ) values. Pooled weighted rZ and 95% confidence intervals were calculated in an inverse-variance, random-effects model...
June 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653367/significance-of-l-carnitine-for-human-health
#16
REVIEW
María M Adeva-Andany, Isabel Calvo-Castro, Carlos Fernández-Fernández, Cristóbal Donapetry-García, Ana María Pedre-Piñeiro
Carnitine acyltransferases catalyze the reversible transfer of acyl groups from acyl-coenzyme A esters to l-carnitine, forming acyl-carnitine esters that may be transported across cell membranes. l-Carnitine is a wáter-soluble compound that humans may obtain both by food ingestion and endogenous synthesis from trimethyl-lysine. Most l-carnitine is intracellular, being present predominantly in liver, skeletal muscle, heart and kidney. The organic cation transporter-2 facilitates l-carnitine uptake inside cells...
June 26, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648930/associations-between-multiple-indicators-of-socio-economic-status-and-muscle-strengthening-activity-participation-in-a-nationally-representative-population-sample-of-australian-adults
#17
Jonathan Freeston, Joanne Gale, Yorgi Mavros, Jason A Bennie, Zeljko Pedisic, Adrian E Bauman, Emmanuel Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: Muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) (e.g. weight training), confers unique health benefits. While socioeconomic status (SES) correlates with leisure time physical activity, little is known about its relation with MSA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of 8993 Australian adults (>18years) who participated in the National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12. Information was collected on SES (income, education, socio-economic disadvantage and remoteness) and MSA participation...
June 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637599/isokinetic-clinical-assessment-of-rotator-cuff-strength-in-subacromial-shoulder-impingement
#18
Helen Land, Susan Gordon, Kerrianne Watt
BACKGROUND: Current conservative management of subacromial shoulder impingement (SSI) includes generic strengthening exercises, especially for internal (IR) and external (ER) shoulder rotators. However, there is no evidence that the strength or the ratio of strength between these muscle groups is different between those with SSI (cases) and an asymptomatic population (controls). OBJECTIVE: To identify if isokinetic rotator cuff strength or the ratio of strength is significantly different between cases and controls...
February 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635523/long-term-paired-associative-stimulation-enhances-motor-output-of-the-tetraplegic-hand
#19
Aleksandra Tolmacheva, Sarianna Savolainen, Erika Kirveskari, Pantelis Lioumis, Linda Kuusela, Nina Brandstack, Aarne Ylinen, Jyrki P Mäkelä, Anastasia Shulga
A large proportion of spinal cord injuries (SCI) are incomplete. Even in clinically complete injuries, silent non-functional connections can be present. Therapeutic approaches that can strengthen transmission in weak neural connections to improve motor performance are needed. Our aim was to determine whether long-term delivery of paired associative stimulation (PAS, a combination of transcranial magnetic stimulation [TMS] with peripheral nerve stimulation [PNS]) can enhance motor output in the hands of patients with chronic traumatic tetraplegia, and to compare this technique with long-term PNS...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626320/effects-of-pulling-direction-on-upper-trapezius-and-rhomboid-muscle-activity
#20
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study examined the activation of the rhomboid muscle according to the angle of the arm. [Subjects and Methods] The current study was conducted on 15 healthy males. The participants performed the pulling exercise in 5 conditions. The surface electromyography system was used to measure the muscle activities of the rhomboid and upper trapezius. [Results] The activity of the upper trapezius in condition 5 was significantly increased compared to that in condition 4. The activity of the rhomboid in condition 4 was significantly increased compared to that in conditions 1 and 5...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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