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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210048/effect-of-a-pelvic-wedge-and-belt-on-the-medial-and-lateral-hamstring-muscles-during-knee-flexion
#1
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study developed a pelvic wedge and belt and investigated their effects on the selective activation of medial and lateral hamstring muscles during knee flexion. [Subjects and Methods] Nine adults were enrolled. The participants performed exercises without and with the pelvic wedge and belt, and the electromyographic activities of the medial and lateral hamstring muscles were recorded. [Results] The activity of the medial hamstring was increased significantly when using the pelvic wedge and belt, while the activity of the lateral hamstring did not differ significantly...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210044/effect-of-minimizing-arm-swing-while-walking-on-the-trunk-and-gluteal-muscles
#2
Min-Hee Kim, Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study used an alternative approach compared with previous studies by investigating the effect of minimizing arm swing while walking on the trunk and gluteal muscles. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study included 13 adult males. [Results] The latissimus dorsi muscle activities during walking with a minimized arm swing were significantly decreased compared with those during walking with a full arm swing. The gluteus medius muscle activities during walking with a minimized arm swing were significantly increased compared with those during walking with a full arm swing...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210036/a-study-on-muscle-activity-and-ratio-of-the-knee-extensor-depending-on-the-types-of-squat-exercise
#3
Jeong-Il Kang, Joon-Su Park, Hyun Choi, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hye-Min Kwon, Young-Jun Moon
[Purpose] For preventing the patellofemoral pain syndrome, this study aims to suggest a proper squat method, which presents selective muscle activity of Vastus Medialis Oblique and muscle activity ratios of Vastus Medialis Oblique/Vastus Lateralis by applying squat that is a representative weight bearing exercise method in various ways depending on the surface conditions and knee bending angles. [Subjects and Methods] An isometric squat that was accompanied by hip adduction, depending on the surface condition and the knee joint flexion angle, was performed by 24 healthy students...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210034/a-comparison-of-the-shoulder-and-trunk-muscle-activity-according-to-the-various-resistance-condition-during-push-up-plus-in-four-point-kneeling
#4
Jung-Bin Kim, Chang-Kyo Yun, Myoung-Hyo Lee
[Purpose] This study was to compare the shoulder and trunk muscle activity according to the various resistance condition during knee push-up-plus. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy adults participated in this study (9 males and 11 females). The subjects performed dominant-leg-extended knee push-up-plus apply to resistance in the direction of abduction, adduction, extension and the flexion. The surface Electromyography activities of the upper trapezius, serratus anterior, homolateral external oblique and the heterolateral internal oblique were measured...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204962/the-clinical-anatomy-of-the-insertion-of-the-rotator-cuff-tendons
#5
M Vosloo, N Keough, M A De Beer
The rotator cuff (RC) insertions according to most anatomical texts are described as being separate from one another. However, clear fusion of the RC tendon fibres exists with prior studies showing this interdigitation forming a common, continuous insertion onto and around the lesser and greater tubercles (LT and GT) of the humerus. Current surgical repair methods (especially arthroscopic techniques) rarely mention or consider these connections during repair and suture anchor implantation. The general principles of RC surgery remain a controversial subject, due to various available techniques, surgeon experience and preference, and the contradicting success rates...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196268/three-cases-of-exotropic-moebius-syndrome
#6
Abbas Bagheri, Mohaddese Feizi
Moebius syndrome is characterized by congenital facial palsy and limitation in horizontal gaze. The surgical results of the exotropic pattern are rare and have not been published before. The authors report three cases of exotropic Moebius syndrome. Maximal weakening of the lateral rectus muscles followed by strengthening of the medial recti in exotropic Moebius syndrome can improve exotropia significantly. Most of these cases also need some measures to relieve the often associated severe dry eye. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188406/comparative-study-of-plication-recession-versus-resection-recession-in-unilateral-surgery-for-intermittent-exotropia
#7
Yugo Kimura, Tohru Kimura
PURPOSE: Plication is a muscle-strengthening procedure in which a muscle is not dissected from its point of insertion. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of plication-recession (PR) with those of resection-recession (RR) in adult patients with intermittent exotropia (XT). METHODS: Patients with XT who underwent either PR or RR with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 12 months were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative mean distance deviation and surgical outcomes were compared at 1 week and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and at the final follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186649/bone-morphogenetic-protein-7-bmp-7-augments-insulin-sensitivity-in-mice-with-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-by-potentiating-pi3k-akt-pathway
#8
Tandrika Chattopadhyay, Rajiv Ranjan Singh, Sarika Gupta, Avadhesha Surolia
A direct link between development of insulin resistance and the presence of chronic inflammation, in case of obesity exists, with cytokines playing an important role in glucose metabolism. Members of TGF-β superfamily, including bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), have been shown to be involved in islet morphogenesis, establishment of β-cell mass and adipose cell fate determination. Here, we demonstrate a novel and direct role of BMP-4 and -7 in the regulation of glucose homeostasis and insulin resistance...
February 10, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185317/static-postural-stability-in-women-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-effects-of-vision-and-bladder-filling
#9
Daria Chmielewska, Magdalena Stania, Kajetan Słomka, Edward Błaszczak, Jakub Taradaj, Patrycja Dolibog, Grzegorz Juras
AIMS: This case-control study was designed to compare static postural stability between women with stress urinary incontinence and continent women and it was hypothesized that women with incontinence aged around 50 years also have balance disorders. METHODS: Eighteen women with incontinence and twelve women without incontinence aged 50-55 years participated in two 60-s trials of each of four different testing conditions: eyes open/full bladder, eyes open/empty bladder, eyes closed/full bladder, eyes closed/empty bladder...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183213/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-two-strengthening-exercise-programs
#10
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVE: To identify effective strengthening exercise programs and provide rehabilitation teams and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with strengthening exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183194/the-ottawa-panel-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-part-three-aerobic-exercise-programs
#11
Lucie Brosseau, Jade Taki, Brigit Desjardins, Odette Thevenot, Marlene Fransen, George A Wells, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Karine Toupin-April, Marie Westby, Inmaculada C Álvarez Gallardo, Wendy Gifford, Lucie Laferrière, Prinon Rahman, Laurianne Loew, Gino De Angelis, Sabrina Cavallo, Shirin Mehdi Shallwani, Ala' Aburub, Kim L Bennell, Martin Van der Esch, Milena Simic, Sara McConnell, Alison Harmer, Glen P Kenny, Gail Paterson, Jean-Philippe Regnaux, Marie-Martine Lefevre-Colau, Linda McLean
OBJECTIVES: To identify effective aerobic exercise programs and provide clinicians and patients with updated, high-quality recommendations concerning traditional land-based exercises for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A systematic search and adapted selection criteria included comparative controlled trials with strengthening exercise programs for patients with knee osteoarthritis. A panel of experts reached consensus on the recommendations using a Delphi survey. A hierarchical alphabetical grading system (A, B, C+, C, D, D+, or D-) was used, based on statistical significance ( P < 0...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182968/measuring-postural-control-during-mini-squat-posture-in-men-with-early-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
M Petrella, K Gramani-Say, P R M S Serrão, G C Lessi, J A Barela, R P Carvalho, S M Mattiello
Studies have suggested a compromised postural control in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA) evidenced by larger and faster displacement of center of pressure (COP). However, quantification of postural control in the mini-squat posture performed by patients with early knee OA and its relation to muscle strength and self-reported symptoms have not been investigated. The main aim of this cross-sectional, observational, controlled study was to determine whether postural control in the mini-squat posture differs between individuals with early knee OA and a control group (CG) and verify the relation among knee extensor torque (KET) and self-reported physical function, stiffness and pain...
February 6, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176871/the-earliest-molecular-response-to-stretch-of-insect-flight-muscle-as-revealed-by-fast-x-ray-diffraction-recording
#13
Hiroyuki Iwamoto
Small insects drive their flight muscle at frequencies up to 1,000 Hz. This remarkable ability owes to the mechanism of stretch activation. However, it remains unknown as to what sarcomeric component senses the stretch and triggers the following force generation. Here we show that the earliest structural change after a step stretch is reflected in the blinking of the 111 and 201 reflections, as observed in the fast X-ray diffraction recording from isolated bumblebee flight muscle fibers. The same signal has also been observed in live bumblebee...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175969/masculine-chest-wall-contouring-in-ftm-transgender-a-personal-approach
#14
Giulia Lo Russo, Sara Tanini, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Chest-wall contouring surgery is one of the first steps in sexual reassignment in female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals that contributes to strengthening of the self-image and facilitates living in the new gender role. The main goal is to masculinize the chest by removing the female contour. Chest contour, scar placement, scar shape, scar length, nipple-areola position, nipple size and the areola size are the key points. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016, 25 FtM transgender patients underwent surgical procedures to create a masculine chest-wall contour...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174479/effect-of-pain-free-range-exercise-on-shoulder-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-an-amateur-skier
#15
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study prescribed pain-free range exercises for a female amateur skier who complained of limitations in her shoulder range of motion, and pain caused by protective spasms; the tester evaluated the effects of such exercise on pain. [Subject and Methods] A 23-year-old female who complained of pain of 3 weeks in duration in the right glenohumoral and scapulothoracic joints was enrolled. [Results] After pain-free range exercises, the visual analog pain score was 2 and the shoulder flexion and abduction angles improved compared to the initial values...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174462/activation-of-back-and-lower-limb-muscles-during-squat-exercises-with-different-trunk-flexion
#16
Tae-Sik Lee, Min-Young Song, Yu-Jeong Kwon
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the activation of back and lower limb muscles in subjects who were performing a squat exercise at different angles of trunk flexion. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty healthy subjects (age 21.1± 1.8 years, height 168.7 ± 8.2 cm, weight 66.1 ± 12.3 kg) volunteered. The activation of the erector spinae muscle, rectus femoris muscle, gluteus maximus muscle and biceps femoris muscle was observed while the subjects performed squat exercises with a trunk flexion of 0°, 15°, and 30°...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145398/assessment-of-bioelectrical-activity-of-pelvic-floor-muscles-depending-on-the-orientation-of-the-pelvis-in-menopausal-women-with-symptoms-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-continued-observational-study
#17
Kuba Ptaszkowski, Romuald Zdrojowy, Lucyna Slupska, Janusz Bartnicki, Janusz Dembowski, Tomasz Halski, Malgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz
BACKGROUND: Menopausal women often experience the prolapse of the uterus, bladder and rectum resulting from the failure and weakening of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM). Strengthening of the PFM through the standard exercises is recognized as an effective way of preventive measures and conservative treatment of the symptoms listed above, but still need to be improved. AIM: The goal was the objective assessment of resting and functional bioelectrical activity of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) in women during menopause and its comparison in three different positions of the pelvis: anterior pelvic tilt - position 1 (P1) posterior pelvic tilt - position 2 (P2) and neutral pelvic tilt - position 3 (P3)...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143858/phenotyping-of-adipose-liver-and-skeletal-muscle-insulin-resistance-and-response-to-pioglitazone-in-spontaneously-obese-rhesus-monkeys
#18
Jin Shang, Stephen F Previs, Stacey Conarello, Keefe Chng, Yonghua Zhu, Sandra C Souza, Michael Staup, Ying Chen, Dan Xie, Emanuel Zycband, Karni Schlessinger, Victoria Plamadeala Johnson, Gladys Arreaza, Franklin Liu, Diane Levitan, Liangsu Wang, Margaret van Heek, Mark Erion, Yixin Wang, David E Kelley
Insulin resistance and diabetes can develop spontaneously with obesity and aging in rhesus monkeys, highly similar to the natural history of obesity, insulin resistance and progression to type 2 diabetes in humans. The current studies in obese rhesus were undertaken to assess hepatic and adipose contributions to systemic insulin resistance, currently a gap in our knowledge, and to benchmark the responses to pioglitazone (PIO). A 2-step hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, with tracer-based glucose flux estimates, was used to measure insulin resistance and in an intervention study was repeated following six weeks of PIO treatment (3 mg/kg)...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137402/swiss-ball-exercises-improve-muscle-strength-and-walking-performance-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Marcelo Cardoso de Souza, Fábio Jennings, Hisa Morimoto, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a progressive muscle strengthening program using a Swiss ball for AS patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with AS were randomized into the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG). Eight exercises were performed by the IG patients with free weights on a Swiss ball two times per week for 16 weeks. The evaluations were performed by a blinded evaluator at baseline and after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks using the following instruments: the one-repetition maximum test (1 RM), BASMI, BASFI, HAQ-S, SF-36, 6-minute walk test, time up and go test, BASDAI, ASDAS, ESR and CRP dosage and Likert scale...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133509/subchronic-oral-toxicity-study-of-acanthopanax-divaricatus-var-albeofructus-in-rats
#20
Myoung Jun Kim, Mi Ju Lee, Yong-Hoon Lee, Sun Hee Park, Duyeol Kim, Cheol Beom Park, Jin Seok Kang, Jong-Koo Kang
Acanthopanax divaricatus (Siebold & Zucc.) Seem. var. albeofructus (ADA), a traditional medical herb, has been used to treat arthritis and muscular injury, to strengthen muscle and bone, and to get vital energy. However, information regarding its toxicity is limited. ADA was administered by oral gavage to groups of rats at doses of 0 (control), 1,000, 1,500, 2,000, 2,500, and 3,000 mg/kg five times per week for 13 weeks. Mortality, clinical signs, body weights, food consumption, hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis, organ weights, necropsy, histopathological finding, vaginal cytology, and sperm morphology were compared between control and ADA-treated groups...
January 2017: Toxicological Research
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