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Rehabilitation protocols

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144103/effects-of-home-based-superimposed-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Marie C Valenza, Irene Torres-Sánchez, Laura López-López, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Gerald Valenza-Demet
BACKGROUND: COPD patients experience a sustained deterioration of several capacities. Those with severe COPD undergo a considerable decline in their physical and functional capacities, but pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is used to reduce the weakness of such patients. To date, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been used in acute COPD patients but NMES superimposed onto voluntary muscular contraction has not been tested in COPD patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of superimposed NMES on the cardiorespiratory performance and functionality of severe COPD patients undergoing a home-based rehabilitation program...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140186/acute-effect-of-two-self-myofascial-release-protocols-on-hip-and-ankle-range-of-motion
#2
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140162/eight-week-return-to-play-following-latarjet-shoulder-reconstruction-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#3
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Ken Withers, William Breidahl, Jonathon Charlesworth
INTRODUCTION: Anterior shoulder dislocations are a common injury in many sports resulting in extended time lost from play with an extremely high recurrence rate in young athletes playing high risk sport. Latarjet shoulder reconstruction is a common surgical procedure used to prevent subsequent dislocation with an expected rehabilitation timeframe of between four to six months before return to play. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced two left sided shoulder dislocations before undergoing a left Latarjet shoulder reconstruction...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138873/effects-of-cognitive-load-on-the-amount-and-temporal-structure-of-postural-sway-variability-in-stroke-survivors
#4
Hajar Mehdizadeh, Kinda Khalaf, Hamed Ghomashchi, Ghorban Taghizadeh, Ismaeil Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Taghavi Azar Sharabiani, Seyed Javad Mousavi, Mohamad Parnianpour
This study aimed to investigate the variability in postural sway patterns during quiet standing in stroke survivors. The postural sway was measured in 19 stroke survivors, as well as 19 healthy demographically matched participants, at 3 levels of postural difficulty (rigid surface with closed and open eyes, and foam surface with closed eyes), and 3 levels of cognitive difficulty (without a cognitive task, easy and difficult cognitive tasks). Both linear analyses (the amount of postural sway variability, including the standard deviation of the COP velocity in both the anteroposterior (AP) and mediolateral (ML) directions), as well as non-linear analyses [the temporal structure of the COP variability, including % Recurrence, % Determinism, Shannon Entropy, Trend and the maximum diagonal line (D max)] were employed...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137725/a-gait-retraining-system-using-augmented-reality-to-modify-footprint-parameters-effects-on-lower-limb-sagittal-plane-kinematics
#5
Sami Bennour, Baptiste Ulrich, Thomas Legrand, Brigitte M Jolles, Julien Favre
Improving lower-limb flexion/extension angles during walking is important for the treatment of numerous pathologies. Currently, these gait retraining procedures are mostly qualitative, often based on visual assessment and oral instructions. This study aimed to propose an alternative method combining motion capture and display of target footprints on the floor. The second objectives were to determine the error in footprint modifications and the effects of footprint modifications on lower-limb flexion/extension angles...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137056/optic-nerve-injury-associated-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-three-case-reports
#6
Dan-Dong Li, Liu-Xun Hu, Linyuan Sima, Shang-Yu Xu, Jian Lin, Nu Zhang, Bo Yin
RATIONALE: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a rare complication that may occur after craniocervical trauma. The current literature is limited to extracranial carotid artery injuries; however, no reports have been published on blunt intracranial carotid injury (BICI), especially those associated with optic nerve injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we report on 3 BICI cases that demonstrated optic nerve injuries after craniofacial injuries. All 3 patients showed post-trauma vision loss on the injured side...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133324/effects-of-falls-prevention-interventions-on-falls-outcomes-for-hospitalised-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#7
Susan C Slade, David L Carey, Anne-Marie Hill, Meg E Morris
INTRODUCTION: Falls are a major global public health problem and leading cause of accidental or unintentional injury and hospitalisation. Falls in hospital are associated with longer length of stay, readmissions and poor outcomes. Falls prevention is informed by knowledge of reversible falls risk factors and accurate risk identification. The extent to which hospital falls are prevented by evidence-based practice, patient self-management initiatives, environmental modifications and optimisation of falls prevention systems awaits confirmation...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133320/effect-of-an-intensive-3-week-preoperative-home-rehabilitation-programme-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-eligible-for-lung-cancer-surgery-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Hélène Laurent, Géraud Galvaing, Emilie Thivat, Emmanuel Coudeyre, Sylvie Aubreton, Ruddy Richard, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Frederic Costes, Marc Filaire
INTRODUCTION: Surgery is the standard curative treatment for lung cancer but is only possible in patients with local tumour and preserved exercise capacity. Improving fitness before surgery can reduce postoperative complications and mortality. However, preoperative rehabilitation remains difficult to implement for several reasons. We aim to investigate the effectiveness of an intensive 3-week home-based preoperative exercise training programme on hospital discharge ability, postoperative complications and physical performance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are eligible for lung cancer surgery...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133186/a-novel-protocol-for-contact-isolation-for-multi-drug-resistant-organisms-mdros-in-children-on-inpatient-rehabilitation-and-effects-on-functional-outcomes-a-noninferiority-study
#9
Kelly L D Pham, Kristie F Bjornson, Marisa Osorio, Kathryn B Whitlock, Teresa L Massagli
BACKGROUND: The incidence of contact isolation for multidrug resistant organisms is increasing in acute hospitals and inpatient rehabilitation units alike. There is limited evidence on the effect of contact isolation on functional outcomes during inpatient rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a modified contact isolation protocol (MCI) resulted in non-inferior functional outcomes compared to children without contact isolation (NCI) on inpatient rehabilitation...
November 10, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132970/at-home-and-in-group-delivery-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-children-with-hemiparesis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Emilie Durand, Pascale Plante, Andrey-Anne Pelletier, Johanie Rondeau, Frédérique Simard, Julien Voisin
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is increasingly recognized as an effective therapy for children with hemiparesis. However, the effectiveness of CIMT outside the standard rehabilitation protocol in clinical settings is less known. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of CIMT conducted at home or in a group. METHODS: We searched CINAHL, PubMed and ScienceDirect in August 2017 to select articles of studies investigating the impact of CIMT performed at home and in a group on affected upper-limb ability, occupational performance, and quality of life of children...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130633/the-mitochondrial-metabolic-reprogramming-agent-trimetazidine-as-an-exercise-mimetic-in-cachectic-c26-bearing-mice
#11
Francesca Molinari, Fabrizio Pin, Stefania Gorini, Sergio Chiandotto, Laura Pontecorvo, Fabio Penna, Emanuele Rizzuto, Simona Pisu, Antonio Musarò, Paola Costelli, Giuseppe Rosano, Elisabetta Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is characterized by muscle depletion and exercise intolerance caused by an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation and by impaired myogenesis. Myofibre metabolic efficiency is crucial so as to assure optimal muscle function. Some drugs are able to reprogram cell metabolism and, in some cases, to enhance metabolic efficiency. Based on these premises, we chose to investigate the ability of the metabolic modulator trimetazidine (TMZ) to counteract skeletal muscle dysfunctions and wasting occurring in cancer cachexia...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129793/the-interval-between-vns-tone-pairings-determines-the-extent-of-cortical-map-plasticity
#12
Michael S Borland, Crystal T Engineer, William A Vrana, Nicole A Moreno, Navzer D Engineer, Sven Vanneste, Pryanka Sharma, Meghan C Pantalia, Mark C Lane, Robert L Rennaker, Michael P Kilgard
Repeatedly pairing vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) with a tone or movement drives highly-specific and long-lasting plasticity in auditory or motor cortex, respectively. Based on this robust enhancement of plasticity, VNS paired with rehabilitative training has emerged as a potential therapy to improve recovery, even when delivered long after the neurological insult. Development of VNS delivery paradigms that reduce therapy duration and maximize efficacy would facilitate clinical translation. The goal of the current study was to determine whether primary auditory cortex (A1) plasticity can be generated more quickly by shortening the interval between VNS-tone pairing events or by delivering fewer VNS-tone pairing events...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127227/protocol-for-hospital-based-surveillance-of-cerebral-palsy-cp-in-hanoi-using-the-paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-mechanism-paeds-vietnam-a-study-towards-developing-hospital-based-disease-surveillance-in-vietnam
#13
Gulam Khandaker, Nguyen Van Bang, Trịnh Quang Dũng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Cao Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nadia Badawi, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and outcomes of cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income and middle-income countries including Vietnam are unknown because of the lack of mechanisms for standardised collection of data. In this paper, we outline the protocol for developing a hospital-based surveillance system modelled on the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) system in Australia. Using PAEDS-Vietnam we will define the aetiology, motor function and its severity, associated impairments, and nutritional and rehabilitation status of children with CP in Hanoi, Vietnam...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127079/effect-of-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-subacute-stroke-outcomes-a-single-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Jianqiao Fang, Crystal Lynn Keeler, Lifang Chen, Ruijie Ma, Chao Wang, Shouyu Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrative medicine, combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine with conventional rehabilitation during subacute stroke, is an effective comprehensive rehabilitation strategy for daily life activities, neurological deficits, motor dysfunction, cognitive impairment and depression. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial: patients were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation (CR) group or an integrative medicine rehabilitation (IMR) group with CR plus acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine...
November 10, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126426/the-influence-of-immediately-loaded-implant-treatment-in-the-atrophic-edentulous-maxilla-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-edentulous-patients-3-year-results-of-a-prospective-study
#15
Maria Erkapers, Susanna Segerström, Karl Ekstrand, Russell A Baer, Joseph A Toljanic, Andreas Thor
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral health related quality of life (OHQoL) in edentulous patients treated with immediately loaded implants in the maxilla. METHODS: Fifty-one edentulous patients in two centers received six maxillary implants each were loaded within 24 h with provisional restoration. Definitive restoration was delivered 20-24 weeks later. OHQoL was evaluated preoperatively with the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 questionnaire (OHIP-49) and on five subsequent occasions...
November 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126375/a-clinical-survey-about-commercial-games-in-lower-limb-prosthetic-rehabilitation
#16
Bita Imam, William C Miller, Heather C Finlayson, Janice J Eng, Tal Jarus
BACKGROUND: Despite the popularity of commercial games in lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation, data about their prevalence of use as well as therapists' perspectives about these games are still lacking. OBJECTIVES: To learn about the prevalence of use of commercial games in lower limb prosthetic rehabilitation and therapists' perspectives about these games. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: An online survey was sent to physical and occupational therapists across prosthetic rehabilitation facilities in Canada...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123926/spinal-excitability-changes-after-transspinal-and-transcortical-paired-associative-stimulation-in-humans
#17
Maria Knikou
Paired associative stimulation (PAS) produces enduring neuroplasticity based on Hebbian associative plasticity. This study established the changes in spinal motoneuronal excitability by pairing transcortical and transspinal stimulation. Transcortical stimulation was delivered after (transspinal-transcortical PAS) or before (transcortical-transspinal PAS) transspinal stimulation. Before and after 40 minutes of each PAS protocol, spinal neural excitability was assessed based on the amplitude of the transspinal-evoked potentials (TEPs) recorded from ankle muscles of both legs at different stimulation intensities (recruitment input-output curve)...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123485/intensifying-functional-task-practice-to-meet-aerobic-training-guidelines-in-stroke-survivors
#18
Liam P Kelly, Augustine J Devasahayam, Arthur R Chaves, Elizabeth M Wallack, Jason McCarthy, Fabien A Basset, Michelle Ploughman
Objective: To determine whether stroke survivors could maintain workloads during functional task practice that can reach moderate levels of cardiometabolic stress (i.e., ≥40% oxygen uptake reserve ([Formula: see text]O2R) for ≥20 min) without the use of ergometer-based exercise. Design: Cross-sectional study using convenience sampling. Setting: Research laboratory in a tertiary rehabilitation hospital. Participants: Chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors (>6-months) who could provide consent and walk with or without assistance...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122527/implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-programs-for-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-francophone-large-scale-database
#19
Anissa Deneuvy, Karem Slim, Maxime Sodji, Pierre Blanc, Denis Gallet, Marie-Cécile Blanchet
BACKGROUND: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of programs for enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery (ERABS) are now well established. However, data concerning their large-scale implementation remain insufficient. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to review the multicenter implementation of ERABS SETTING: This retrospective analysis of a prospective database was conducted in 15 Groupe francophone de Rehabilitation Améliorée après ChirurgiE centers from data from March 2014 to January 2017...
October 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117738/adding-high-frequency-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-to-the-first-phase-of-post-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-rehabilitation-does-not-improve-pain-and-function-in-young-male-athletes-more-than-exercise-alone-a-randomized-single-blind
#20
Bijan Forogh, Hossein Aslanpour, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Safoora Ebadi
PURPOSE: Knee ligamentous trauma and the following pain is one of the most prevalent athletic injuries. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is one of the conservative approaches in controlling pain which is low cost, noninvasive, and safe with low complications. Our purpose was to study whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) could help athletes perform better during the first phase of rehabilitation (0-4 weeks) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery and until the follow-up...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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