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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350084/exploring-assistive-technology-use-to-support-cognition-in-college-students-with-histories-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Jessica Brown, Madeline Wollersheim
PURPOSE: College students with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may experience chronic cognitive deficits necessitating use of external supports for daily task completion. The purpose of this study was to explore cognitive support system selection and use by students with histories of mTBI when completing novel prospective memory tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We implemented a multiple case study, sequential explanatory mixed-methods design with three participants...
January 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#2
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347849/joint-pain-within-adult-middle-aged-women-attending-a-community-clinic-in-a-peri-urban-area-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Roline Barnes, Jennifer Jelsma, Romy Parker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of joint pain in women between the ages of 40 and 64 years who attended a community clinic in the Free State to provide micro-information for health care planners. METHODS: A sample of convenience was utilized in the cross-sectional survey. Health care workers were recruited to conduct the survey. Outcome measures included the Community-Oriented-Programme-For-The-Control-Of-Rheumatic-Disease questionnaire and European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions health related quality of life measure...
January 19, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345403/improving-patient-adherence-to-secondary-prevention-medications-6-months-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-observational-cohort-study
#4
D B Brieger, C Chow, J Gullick, K Hyun, M D'Souza, T Briffa
BACKGROUND: Most patients are recommended secondary prevention pharmacotherapies following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). AIMS: To identify predictors of adherence at 6 months and strategies to improve adherence to these therapies. Design and methods Patients in the CONCORDANCE registry who were discharged on evidence-based medications were stratified into those receiving ≥75% ('adherent') or <75% ('non-adherent') of indicated medications at 6 months. Baseline characteristics, hospital and post-discharge care were compared between groups...
January 18, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344768/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-injuries-to-the-biceps-and-superior-labral-complex-in-overhead-athletes
#5
REVIEW
Jacob G Calcei, Venkat Boddapati, David W Altchek, Christopher L Camp, Joshua S Dines
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the diagnostic and treatment challenges presented by injuries to the biceps and superior labral complex. RECENT FINDINGS: A focused patient history, numerous physical examination maneuvers, and appropriate advanced imaging studies must be utilized to reach an accurate diagnosis. Nonoperative management, even in overhead athletes, has demonstrated relatively good outcomes, while operative outcomes have yielded mixed results...
January 17, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343891/first-two-bilateral-hand-transplantations-in-india-part-3-rehabilitation-and-immediate-outcome
#6
Mohit Sharma, Subramania Iyer, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, Ravi Sankaran, Arun N Nair, R Janarthanan, Abhijeet Wakure, Raghuveer Reddy, S M Chetan Mali, Visakh Varma, Ashish Chaudhari, Swapnil Dhake, Akshay Omkumar
Introduction: This report covers the strategies adopted for rehabilitation for the first and second dual hand transplants performed in India. Materials and Methods: The team, under a trained physiatrist, including physiotherapy and occupational therapy personnel, was involved in the management of both these patients. The management protocol was developed considering previous reports as well as our management strategies in the rehabilitation of the replanted hands...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343889/first-two-bilateral-hand-transplantations-in-india-part-1-from-vision-to-reality
#7
Subramania Iyer, Mohit Sharma, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, Janarthanan Ramu, Abhijeet Wakure, Raghuveer Reddy, S M Mali Chetan, Visakh Varma, Ashish Chaudhari, Swapnil Dhake, Akshay Omkumar, V G Prasad
Introduction: Vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation is a relatively new concept, which was unavailable in the Indian subcontinent till a bilateral hand transplant was carried out successfully in January 2015. Materials and Methods: The setting up of the transplant programme involved obtaining legal clearances, creating public awareness, harnessing the institutional facilities, drawing up protocols, assembling the surgical team, managing immunological issues, rehabilitation and preparing the ancillary services...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342097/time-domain-near-infrared-spectroscopy-device-for-monitoring-muscle-oxidative-metabolism-custom-probe-and-in-vivo-applications
#8
Rebecca Re, Ileana Pirovano, Davide Contini, Lorenzo Spinelli, Alessandro Torricelli
Measurement of muscle oxidative metabolism is of interest for monitoring the training status in athletes and the rehabilitation process in patients. Time domain near infrared spectroscopy (TD NIRS) is an optical technique that allows the non-invasive measurement of the hemodynamic parameters in muscular tissue: concentrations of oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin, total hemoglobin content, and tissue oxygen saturation. In this paper, we present a novel TD NIRS medical device for muscle oxidative metabolism. A custom-printed 3D probe, able to host optical elements for signal acquisition from muscle, was develop for TD NIRS in vivo measurements...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339203/clinical-performance-of-full-rehabilitations-with-direct-composite-in-severe-tooth-wear-patients-3-5-years-results
#9
B A C Loomans, C M Kreulen, H E C E Huijs-Visser, B A M A Sterenborg, E M Bronkhorst, M C D N J M Huysmans, N J M Opdam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mid-term clinical performance of direct composite restorations placed in patients with pathological tooth wear needing full rehabilitation with an increase of vertical dimension of occlusion. METHODS: In a prospective trial 34 patients (34.0 ± 8.4 years; 25 males, 9 females) were treated with a minimal invasive additive technique using composite restorations. The restorative treatment protocol was to provide all teeth with composite build-up restorations in an increased vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) using the DSO-technique...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335051/effectiveness-of-a-preventive-recall-strategy-for-children-after-dental-rehabilitation-with-general-anesthesia
#10
Elizabeth J Berry, Tegwyn H Brickhouse, Amanda K Kerns, Katherine A Nordeen, Al M Best
PURPOSE: To test a more frequent preventive recall strategy following full-mouth dental rehabilitation (FMDR) in children with early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Patients were randomized into two groups: controls, who were scheduled to return at six-month intervals (6-MR); and the intervention group, who were scheduled to return at three-month intervals (3-MR and 6-MR). At baseline and at each recall, a caries risk assessment (CRA) and dental exam were completed...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334872/labelling-as-reference-centre-of-grace-groupe-francophone-de-r%C3%A3-habilitation-am%C3%A3-lior%C3%A3-e-apr%C3%A3-s-chirurgie-for-colorectal-surgery-its-impact-on-the-implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-programme-at-the-university-hospital-of-li%C3%A3-ge
#11
Coralie Daenen, Carla Coimbra, Grégory Hans, Jean Joris
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programme (ERP) has been used in our hospital since 2005 for selected colorectal surgeries. Since October 2015, after labelling as GRACE reference centre, we included all patients scheduled for elective colorectal surgery in this programme. We assessed the impact of our labelling on the implementation of ERP. METHODS: Results of our first 100 patients entered in the GRACE database were analyzed: length of stay, complications, readmission, adherence to the protocol...
January 15, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334467/robot-assisted-upper-extremity-rehabilitation-for-cervical-spinal-cord-injuries-a-systematic-scoping-review
#12
Hardeep Singh, Janelle Unger, José Zariffa, Maureen Pakosh, Susan Jaglal, B Catharine Craven, Kristin E Musselman
Abstact Purpose: To provide an overview of the feasibility and outcomes of robotic-assisted upper extremity training for individuals with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI), and to identify gaps in current research and articulate future research directions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CCTR, CDSR, CINAHL and PubMed on June 7, 2017. Search terms included 3 themes: (1) robotics; (2) SCI; (3) upper extremity. Studies using robots for upper extremity rehabilitation among individuals with cervical SCI were included...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331668/earlier-and-enhanced-rehabilitation-of-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-critical-care-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
David McWilliams, Charlotte Jones, Gemma Atkins, James Hodson, Tony Whitehouse, Tonny Veenith, Emma Reeves, Lauren Cooper, Catherine Snelson
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews of early rehabilitation within intensive care units have highlighted the need for robust multi-centre randomised controlled trials with longer term follow up. This trial aims to explore the feasibility of earlier and enhanced rehabilitation for patients mechanically ventilated for ≥5days and to assess the impact on possible long term outcome measures for use in a definitive trial. METHODS: Patients admitted to a large UK based intensive care unit and invasively ventilated for ≥5days were randomised to the rehabilitation intervention or standard care on a 1:1 basis, stratified by age and SOFA score...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325725/who-goes-to-inpatient-rehabilitation-or-skilled-nursing-facilities-unexpectedly-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Alexander J Rondon, Timothy L Tan, Max R Greenky, Karan Goswami, Noam Shohat, Jessica L Phillips, James J Purtill
BACKGROUND: Inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) and skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) represent a significant portion of post-operative expenses of bundled payments for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although many surgeons no longer routinely send patients to IRFs or SNFs, some patients are unable to be discharged directly home. This study identified patient factors for discharge to post-acute care facilities with an institutional protocol of discharging TKA patients home. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA at a single institution from 2012 to 2017 was performed...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324549/vocational-rehabilitation-for-emergency-services-personnel-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Lyndsay Alexander, Kay Cooper
The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map the range of vocational rehabilitation available for law enforcement and emergency services personnel.More specifically, the scoping review questions are.
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323401/-efficacy-of-interventions-with-video-games-consoles-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review
#16
J H Ortiz-Huerta, M Perez-de-Heredia-Torres, V Guijo-Blanco, M Santamaria-Vazquez
INTRODUCTION: In recent years video games and games consoles have been developed that are potentially useful in rehabilitation, which has led to studies conducted to evaluate the degree of efficacy of these treatments for people following a stroke. AIM: To analyse the literature available related to the effectiveness of applying video games consoles in the functional recovery of the upper extremities in subjects who have survived a stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted in the CINHAL, Medline, PEDro, PsycArticles, PsycInfo, Science Direct, Scopus and Web of Science databases, using the query terms 'video game', 'stroke', 'hemiplegia', 'upper extremity' and 'hemiparesis'...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322905/pre-discharge-postoperative-radiographs-after-primary-total-knee-replacement-tradition-or-science
#17
S N Sambandam, V Khanna, G Rohinikumar, V Mounasamy
Consistent evidence exists on the inutility of immediate postoperative radiographs after a total knee replacement (TKR). We hypothesized that eliminating the pre-discharge film would not have any effect on the postoperative patient outcomes. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was performed on 220 knees. Patients undergoing a simple primary TKR operated by 2 surgeons (Surgeon A and B) from January 2013 to July 2015 were divided into 2 groups (Groups 1 and 2 having 112 and 108 knees respectively)...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317418/home-polygraphic-recording-with-telemedicine-monitoring-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-sleep-apnoea-in-stroke-hopes-study-study-protocol-for-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Stefan Thomas Kotzian, Angela Schwarzinger, Sandra Haider, Bernd Saletu, Josef Spatt, Michael Timothy Saletu
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses report that more than 50% of patients who had a stroke suffer from moderate to severe sleep apnoea (SA), with adherence rates to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy of only 30%. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether PAP adherence in patients who had a stroke with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can be improved by a PAP training strategy during inhospital rehabilitation combined with a telemedicine monitoring system after discharge. Further objectives are (1) to compare the validity of a non-attended level-III polygraphy with that of a level-II polysomnography (PSG) in the diagnosis of SA, (2) to compare the validity of an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) yielded by the PAP device with that obtained during PSG, (3) to determine changes in nocturnal systolic blood pressure (BP) due to PAP therapy with the pulse transit time (PTT) method and (4) to assess the impact of telemonitored PAP therapy on neurorehabilitation outcome parameters...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317368/interdisciplinary-care-model-independently-decreases-use-of-critical-care-services-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#19
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317276/accuracy-of-the-enhanced-liver-fibrosis-test-vs-fibrotest-elastography-and-indirect-markers-in-detection-of-advanced-fibrosis-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-disease
#20
Maja Thiele, Bjørn Stæhr Madsen, Janne Fuglsang Hansen, Sönke Detlefsen, Steen Antonsen, Aleksander Krag
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alcohol is the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver-related mortality, but we lack serum markers to detect compensated disease. We compared the accuracy of the Enhanced Liver Fibrosis test (ELF), the FibroTest, liver stiffness measurements (made by transient elastography and 2-dimensional shear-wave elastography), and 6 indirect marker tests in detection of advanced liver fibrosis (Kleiner stage ≥F3). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 10 liver fibrosis markers (patented and not), all performed on the same day...
January 6, 2018: Gastroenterology
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