Read by QxMD icon Read


Ayalew Ligaba-Osena, Jenna Jones, Emmanuel Donkor, Sanjeev Chandrayan, Farris Pole, Chang-Hao Wu, Claire Vieille, Michael W W Adams, Bertrand B Hankoua
To address national and global low-carbon fuel targets, there is great interest in alternative plant species such as cassava ( Manihot esculenta ), which are high-yielding, resilient, and are easily converted to fuels using the existing technology. In this study the genes encoding hyperthermophilic archaeal starch-hydrolyzing enzymes, α-amylase and amylopullulanase from Pyrococcus furiosus and glucoamylase from Sulfolobus solfataricus , together with the gene encoding a modified ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase ( glgC ) from Escherichia coli , were simultaneously expressed in cassava roots to enhance starch accumulation and its subsequent hydrolysis to sugar...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Laura Martínez-Alvarez, Ling Deng, Xu Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virology
Varun V Gadkari, Sophie R Harvey, Austin T Raper, Wen-Ting Chu, Jin Wang, Vicki H Wysocki, Zucai Suo
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a trimeric ring-shaped clamp protein that encircles DNA and interacts with many proteins involved in DNA replication and repair. Despite extensive structural work to characterize the monomeric, dimeric, and trimeric forms of PCNA alone and in complex with interacting proteins, no structure of PCNA in a ring-open conformation has been published. Here, we use a multidisciplinary approach, including single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET), native ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS), and structure-based computational modeling, to explore the conformational dynamics of a model PCNA from Sulfolobus solfataricus (Sso), an archaeon...
February 26, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Alvaro Orell, Vanessa Tripp, Victor Aliaga-Tobar, Sonja-Verena Albers, Vinicius Maracaja-Coutinho, Lennart Randau
Non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) are involved in essential biological processes in all three domains of life. The regulatory potential of ncRNAs in Archaea is, however, not fully explored. In this study, RNA-seq analyses identified a set of 29 ncRNA transcripts in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius that were differentially expressed in response to biofilm formation. The most abundant ncRNA of this set was found to be resistant to RNase R treatment (RNase R resistant RNA, RrrR(+)) due to duplex formation with a reverse complementary RNA (RrrR(-))...
February 26, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Tao Zhou, Xingzhe Yao, Jinfeng Wang, Yingang Feng
Domain of unknown function 61 (DUF61) family proteins widely exist in archaea and the genes of DUF61 proteins in crenarchaea are in an operon containing two genes of box C/D RNA protein complexes. Here we report the solution NMR structure of DUF61 family member protein SSO0941, from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. SSO0941 has a rigid core structure and flexible N- and C-terminal regions as well as a negatively-charged independent C-terminal helix. The core structure consists of N- and C-terminal subdomains, in which the C-terminal subdomain shows significant structural similarity with several nucleic acid binding proteins...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Structural Biology
Fei He, Yuvaraj Bhoobalan-Chitty, Lan B Van, Anders L Kjeldsen, Matteo Dedola, Kira S Makarova, Eugene V Koonin, Ditlev E Brodersen, Xu Peng
Viruses employ a range of strategies to counteract the prokaryotic adaptive immune system, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated proteins (CRISPR-Cas), including mutational escape and physical blocking of enzymatic function using anti-CRISPR proteins (Acrs). Acrs have been found in many bacteriophages but so far not in archaeal viruses, despite the near ubiquity of CRISPR-Cas systems in archaea. Here, we report the functional and structural characterization of two archaeal Acrs from the lytic rudiviruses, SIRV2 and SIRV3...
March 5, 2018: Nature Microbiology
Mohammad Dadashipour, Mariko Iwamoto, Md Murad Hossain, Jun-Ichi Akutsu, Zilian Zhang, Yutaka Kawarabayasi
Most organisms, from Bacteria to Eukarya, synthesize UDP- N -acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) from fructose-6-phosphate via a four-step reaction, and UDP- N -acetylgalactosamine (UDP-GalNAc) can only be synthesized from UDP-GlcNAc by UDP-GlcNAc 4-epimerase. In Archaea, the bacterial-type UDP-GlcNAc biosynthetic pathway was reported for Methanococcales. However, the complete biosynthetic pathways for UDP-GlcNAc and UDP-GalNAc present in one Archaeal species are unidentified. Previous experimental analyses on enzymatic activities of the ST0452 protein, identified from the thermophilic Crenarchaeon Sulfolobus tokodaii , predicted the presence of both a bacterial-type UDP-GlcNAc and an independent UDP-GalNAc biosynthetic pathway in this Archaeon...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Daniela F Soto, Alejandra Recalde, Alvaro Orell, Sonja-Verena Albers, Alberto Paradela, Claudio A Navarro, Carlos A Jerez
Inorganic polyphosphates (polyP) are present in all living cells and several important functions have been described for them. They are involved in the response to stress conditions, such as nutrient depletion, oxidative stress and toxic metals amongst others. A recombinant strain of Sulfolobus solfataricus unable to accumulate polyP was designed by the overexpression of its endogenous ppx gene. The overall impact of the lack of polyP on this S. solfataricus polyP (-) strain was analyzed by using quantitative proteomics (isotope-coded protein label, ICPL)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Sandra Schlee, Thomas Klein, Magdalena Schumacher, Julian Nazet, Rainer Merkl, Heinz-Juergen Steinhoff, Reinhard Sterner
It is important to understand how the catalytic activity of enzymes is related to their conformational flexibility. We have studied this activity-flexibility correlation using the example of indole-glycerol-phosphate synthase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (ssIGPS), which catalyzes the fifth step in the biosynthesis of tryptophan. ssIGPS is a thermostable representative of enzymes with the frequently encountered and catalytically versatile (βα)8 -barrel fold. Four activated variants of ssIGPS with increased catalytic turnover numbers were analyzed by transient kinetics at 25°C, and wild-type ssIGPS was likewise analyzed both at 25°C and at 60°C...
March 2, 2018: Biochemistry
Mariarosaria De Falco, Federica Massa, Mosè Rossi, Mariarita De Felice
ATPase/Helicases and nucleases play important roles in DNA end-resection, a critical step during homologous recombination repair in all organisms. In hyperthermophilic archaea the exo-endonuclease NurA and the ATPase HerA cooperate with the highly conserved Mre11-Rad50 complex in 3' single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) end processing to coordinate repair of double-stranded DNA breaks. Little is known, however, about the assembly mechanism and activation of the HerA-NurA complex. In this study we demonstrate that the NurA exonuclease activity is inhibited by the Sulfolobus solfataricus RecQ-like Hel112 helicase...
February 27, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Hiroyuki D Sakai, Norio Kurosawa
A novel hyperthermophilic archaeon of strain HS-3T , belonging to the family Sulfolobaceae, was isolated from an acidic terrestrial hot spring in Hakone Ohwaku-dani, Japan. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the closest phylogenetic relatives of strain HS-3T were, first, Sulfolobus solfataricus (96.4 %) and, second, Sulfolobus shibatae (96.2 %), indicating that the strain belongs to the genus Sulfolobus. However, the sequence similarity to the type species of the genus Sulfolobus (Sulfolobus acidocaldarius) was remarkably low (91...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Mohea Couturier, Ann-Christin Lindås
DNA methylation is the most common epigenetic modification observed in the genomic DNA (gDNA) of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Methylated nucleobases, N6 -methyl-adenine (m6A), N4 -methyl-cytosine (m4C), and 5-methyl-cytosine (m5C), detected on gDNA represent the discrimination mark between self and non-self DNA when they are part of restriction-modification systems in prokaryotes (Bacteria and Archaea). In addition, m5C in Eukaryotes and m6A in Bacteria play an important role in the regulation of key cellular processes...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Michael L Rolfsmeier, Cynthia A Haseltine
Repair of DNA double-strand breaks is a critical function shared by organisms in all three domains of life. The majority of mechanistic understanding of this process has come from characterization of bacterial and eukaryotic proteins, while significantly less is known about analogous activities in the third, archaeal domain. Despite the physical resemblance of archaea to bacteria, archaeal proteins involved in break repair are remarkably similar to those used by eukaryotes. Investigating the function of the archaeal version of these proteins is, in many cases, simpler than working with eukaryotic homologs owing to their robust nature and ease of purification...
2018: Methods in Enzymology
Jie Yang, Bianbian Li, Xiaoying Liu, Hong Tang, Xiyao Zhuang, Mingqi Yang, Ying Xu, Huidong Zhang, Chun Yang
DNA replication in cells is performed in the presence of four dNTPs and four rNTPs. In this study, we re-evaluated the fidelity of DNA polymerases using the general misincorporation frequency consisting of three incorrect dNTPs and four rNTPs but not using the traditional special misincorporation frequency with only the three incorrect dNTPs. We analyzed both the general and special misincorporation frequencies of nucleotide incorporation opposite dG, rG, or 8-oxoG by Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage 1 (PaP1) DNA polymerase Gp90 or Sulfolobus solfataricus DNA polymerase Dpo4...
February 2, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
L Yu, D J O'Sullivan
Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are prebiotic food ingredients that are proposed to stimulate the growth of beneficial gut microorganisms, particularly bifidobacteria. Previously, we developed a method for efficient GOS production using whole cells of Lactococcus lactis containing high levels of a hyper-thermostable β-galactosidase enzyme from Sulfolobus solfataricus. In this study, a recombinant DNA removal and whole-cell enzyme immobilization process was developed to produce GOS from lactose before removal of the immobilized whole-cell enzyme, which could be reused for subsequent applications...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Jeff Nivala, Seth L Shipman, George M Church
The adaptation phase of CRISPR-Cas immunity depends on the precise integration of short segments of foreign DNA (spacers) into a specific genomic location within the CRISPR locus by the Cas1-Cas2 integration complex. Although off-target spacer integration outside of canonical CRISPR arrays has been described in vitro, no evidence of non-specific integration activity has been found in vivo. Here, we show that non-canonical off-target integrations can occur within bacterial chromosomes at locations that resemble the native CRISPR locus by characterizing hundreds of off-target integration locations within Escherichia coli...
January 29, 2018: Nature Microbiology
Tsubasa Fuke, Takaaki Sato, Savyasachee Jha, Myra L Tansengco, Haruyuki Atomi
Phytoene (C40H64) is an isoprenoid and a precursor of various carotenoids which are of industrial value. Archaea can be considered to exhibit a relatively large capacity to produce isoprenoids, as they are components of their membrane lipids. Here, we aimed to produce isoprenoids such as phytoene in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus kodakarensis. T. kodakarensis harbors a prenyltransferase gene involved in the biosynthesis of farnesyl pyrophosphate and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, which are precursors of squalene and phytoene, respectively...
January 16, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Vera Pfanzagl, Laurenz Holcik, Daniel Maresch, Giulia Gorgone, Hanna Michlits, Paul G Furtmüller, Stefan Hofbauer
Coproheme decarboxylases (ChdCs) are enzymes responsible for the catalysis of the terminal step in the coproporphyrin-dependent heme biosynthesis pathway. Phylogenetic analyses confirm that the gene encoding for ChdCs is widespread throughout the bacterial world. It is found in monoderm bacteria (Firmicutes, Actinobacteria), diderm bacteria (e. g. Nitrospirae) and also in Archaea. In order to test phylogenetic prediction ChdC representatives from all clades were expressed and examined for their coproheme decarboxylase activity...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Elena Porzio, Anna De Maio, Teresa Ricciardi, Carmela Mistretta, Giuseppe Manco, Maria Rosaria Faraone-Mennella
DING proteins represent a new group of 40 kDa-related members, ubiquitous in living organisms. The family also include the DING protein from Sulfolobus solfataricus, functionally related to poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases. Here, the archaeal protein has been compared with the human Phosphate-Binding Protein and the Pseudomonas fluorescence DING enzyme, by enzyme assays and immune cross-reactivity. Surprisingly, as the Sulfolobus enzyme, the Human and Pseudomonas proteins display poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase activity, whereas a phosphatase activity was only present in Sulfolobus and human protein, despite the conserved phosphate-binding site residues in Pseudomonas DING...
January 11, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Ji-Hyeon Choi, Kyung-Chul Shin, Deok-Kun Oh
Compound K (C-K) is a crucial pharmaceutical and cosmetic component because of disease prevention and skin anti-aging effects. For industrial application of this active compound, the protopanaxadiol (PPD)-type ginsenosides should be transformed to C-K. β-Glycosidase from Sulfolobus solfataricus has been reported as an efficient C-K-producing enzyme, using glycosylated PPD-type ginsenosides as substrates. β-Glycosidase from S. solfataricus can hydrolyze β-d-glucopyranoside in ginsenosides Rc, C-Mc1, and C-Mc, but not α-l-arabinofuranoside in these ginsenosides...
2018: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"